Cabin/Fire Safety Research � the next generation by Fk4EQc0

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									Fire and Cabin Safety Research
                … a Perspective


Maher Khouzam
Chief, Regulatory Standards
Aircraft Certification
Transport Canada



                  The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
                                                       Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                         Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                         …a Perspective

    Overview

         Objective (or ‘why we do what we do..!’’)
         The CSRTG – what is it..? / what does it do..?
         What has been done – the past…
         What is being done – the present…
         What will be done – the future…
         ‘Who/why’ this Conference..?
         Epilogue



                        The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
2                                                            Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                          Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                          …a Perspective

    Objective (or ‘Why we do what we do..!’)

      Eliminate this:




                         The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
3                                                             Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                          Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                          …a Perspective

    Objective (or ‘Why we do what we do..!’)

       Safety improving but…
         finite probability of accident/fatalities
       Can/must continue to improve
       Fire still single biggest ‘killer’
       New challenges
    Considerations
      Aviation is global
          cooperation essential
          need to harmonize
       Regulations must be data-driven
       Resources are limited
                         The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
4                                                             Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                          Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                          …a Perspective

    Objective (or ‘Why we do what we do..!’)

        1st order / ‘High-Level’ objective:
             Eliminate accidents
                ideal…
        2nd order objective:
             Eliminate fatalities
                Possible (to a degree…)




                         The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
5                                                             Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                               Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                               …a Perspective

    Objective (or ‘Why we do what we do’)
                           Fire/Cabin Safety




             Cabin
             Safety                      Fire
                                        Safety
                      Isolated                          Cargo
                       Areas                           Compts
                       Structure                      Wheel
                            Engines           Fuel    Wells
                                      APUs   Tanks
                              The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
6                                                                  Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                             Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                             …a Perspective

    The CSRTG – what is it..? / what does it do..?

        Informal cooperation since early 80’s
         …triggered by Cincinnati/Manchester
        Cabin Safety Research Technical Group
         (CSRTG) set up in 1994 by FAA, TCCA & JAA
         to integrate cooperative activities
        Now includes 7 active ‘partners’:
             FAA (US)                   JCAB (Japan)
             JAA (Europe)               CTA (Brazil)
             TCCA (Canada)              IAC (CIS)
             CASA (Australia)
        Model for other international R&D groups
                            The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
7                                                                Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                            Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                            …a Perspective

    The CSRTG – what is it..? / what does it do..?

        Areas of cooperation:
           materials fire safety  crash dynamics
           systems fire safety    operational issues
           evacuation             (recently) security issues
          (transport category aeroplanes)
        Achievements:
           cooperative and complementary programs yielding
              ‘unified’ findings
              effective use of resources
              …harmonized standards
           joint publications
           4 international Conferences
                           The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
8                                                               Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                              Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                              …a Perspective

    What has been done – the past

            PBE
                                          cabin water mist
                            OSU/NBS
           cargo liners                                                 D-to-C
                  cabin crew behaviour
                      in evacuation

                     various evacuation issues
                          evacuation modeling
                    impact injury criteria
                   advanced fire-resistant materials

                             The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
9                                                                 Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                                                                                                                      Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                                                                                                                                                     …a Perspective

     What has been done – the past

                                   0.75                                                                                                                              0.15




                                                                                                                                         100 Milliuon Passenger Km
     Survibable Fire Accidents /




                                    0.5                                                                                                                               0.1
            Milliuon Hrs




                                                                                                                                                  Fatalities /
                                   0.25                                                                                                                              0.05




                                     0                                                                                                                                 0




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                                                                         Year                                                                                                                   YEAR


                   Survivable Fire Accidents per                                                                                                          Passenger Fatalities per 100 Million
             Million Flight Hrs (Larger Jet/TurboProp)                                                                                                    Passenger-Km (Scheduled Service)


                                                                                                                                 …it has made a difference!
                                                                                                                     The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
10                                                                                                                                                        Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                             Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                             …a Perspective

     What is being done – the present
              halon replacement
                    T/A insulation flammability
                      fuselage burnthrough
                                      hidden materials’ flammability
                           fuel tank inerting
                                                                  in-flight firefighting
                        fire detection/modeling
                         evacuation modeling
                  impact injury criteria/modeling
                   advanced fire-resistant materials

                            The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
11                                                               Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                             Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                             …a Perspective

     What will be done – the future

     Considerations:
        Commercial aviation world changing:
              bigger/different aeroplanes (VLTA / blended wing, …)
              more smaller transports
              aging fleet
              increasing traffic
              composite structures
              security issues
         Systems’ approach
         Benefit/cost effectiveness
         Increased/broader cooperation
         A major (recent) ‘driver’: SW-111
                            The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
12                                                               Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                                Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                                …a Perspective

     What will be done – the future
                 hidden materials’ flammability
              ‘intelligent’ fire detection
                   ‘integrated’ fire suppression/inerting*
             flammability of composite structures
              in-flight firefighting
              passenger education / safety awareness
                      enhanced evacuation modeling

                impact injury criteria/modeling
                          VLTA issues
                        advanced fire-resistant materials
                               The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
13                                                                  Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                                   Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                                   …a Perspective

     ‘Integrated’ fire suppression/inerting – a concept*


                                       water
                                                                                        engines
         cargo                                              fire
        Comp’ts                       system            suppressing
                                                           agent
                                                                                         wheel
                                         nitrogen                                        wells
           fuel                         separation
          tanks                           system
                                                                                        isolated
                                                                                          areas
       passenger                                    oxygen
         cabin                                    separation
                                                    system                              cockpit
       (*by Richard G. Hill, FAATC)

                                  The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
14                                                                     Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                           Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                           …a Perspective

     Research tools

           Benefit analysis
           Benefit modeling
           Risk analysis
           Safety trend analysis

         Accident Databases




                          The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
15                                                             Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                         Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                         …a Perspective

     Who/why this Conference

       Organized by JAA/CSRTG
     to…
        Present results of research
         (past, present and future)
        Share/exchange knowledge
        Discuss research direction
        Establish cooperation



                        The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
16                                                           Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                       Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                       …a Perspective

     Epilogue

        We’ve come a long way / many achievements
        Improvements more difficult & costly but
         must pursue work
          accidents still/will occur
          we face new challenges
        Need to continue to cooperate
        All have to be involved



                      The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
17                                                         Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                           Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                           …a Perspective

     Objective (or ‘Why we do what we do..!’)

         1st order / ‘High-Level’ objective:
              Eliminate accidents
                 ideal…
         2nd order objective:
              Eliminate fatalities
                 Possible (to a degree…)




                          The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
18                                                             Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                        Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                        …a Perspective




          “The greatest danger for most of us
     is not that our aim is too high and we miss it,
         but that it is too low and we reach it.”
                                                                    Michelangelo



                     …and last, but far from being the least:
                       The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
19                                                          Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                           Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                           …a Perspective

     …far from being the least




                    “ A Special
                   Thank TO… “

                                                               …now, over to you,
                          The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
20                                                             Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                           Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                           …a Perspective

     …far from being the least




                     “ April..! ”


                                                               …now, over to you,
                          The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
21                                                             Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                           Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                           …a Perspective

     …far from being the least




                    “Claude..!”

                                                               …now, over to you,
                          The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
22                                                             Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                                         Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                                         …a Perspective

     Over to you


                      or, should I say:
                   “over to all of us”
                                    -
              …as it’s up to all of us
     (regulators, manufacturers, researchers, etc.)
              to   ‘make it happen’..!

                        The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
23                                                           Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
                        Fire & Cabin Safety Research
                                                        …a Perspective




     Thank you..!



       The Fourth Triennial International Fire & Cabin Safety Research Conference
24                                          Lisbon, Portugal, 15-18 November 2004
The Fourth Triennial
International Aircraft Fire and Cabin Safety
Research Conference

								
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