Study Guide Exam 2 – Stress Health & Wellness – KSPE 2000 Spring 2012 1. Know the definitions of the following terms: a. Stress b. Stressor c. Stress response d. Eustress e. Distress f. Homeostasis g. Allostasis h. Allostatic Load 2. What is the name of the syndrome of the body’s physiological response to stress? 3. When the body is under stress, what gland in the body releases the most “stress hormones”? 4. Which hormone is generally considered to be the “stress” hormone? 5. Stress, or threats, to humans are received by the senses and the brain. True or false? 6. “Stress hormones” notifies the body to convert stored carbohydrates, protein, and fat into glucose for energy to respond. 7. When the body responds to a “stressful situation”, which of the following are true or false? a. Ability to hear increases b. Pupils dilate to bring in more light c. Less blood flow to the brain d. Heart rate and blood pressure remain stable e. Perspiration increases if the temperature is warm f. Digestion speeds up to provide more glycogen for energy during stress g. Ability of the blood to clot decreases 8. What does GAS stand for when discussing stress? 9. What are the stages of GAS? 10. Sustained stress has what overall effect on wellness? 11. Stress can cause the following in humans: a. Cardiovascular disease risks including elevated heart rate, blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke b. Impaired immune system c. Mental disability, depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) 12. Major sources of stress: a. Psychosocial (caused by what?) b. Racial, ethnic, or cultural changes c. Internal sources (such as...?) 13. Know the effective tools for stress management.
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