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WHII Review #1 • Identify the numbered locations on the map. WHII Review #2 • Identify the numbered locations on the map. WHII Review #3 • Identify the numbered locations on the map. WHII Review #4 • What does Renaissance mean? • The Renaissance spread from Italy to where? • What is the philosophy which emphasized classical knowledge and a worldly life • What marks the beginning of the modern world? • Who were the main painters of the Renaissance? • What knowledge was “reborn” during the Renaissance? • Who wrote sonnets and plays during the Renaissance? WHII Review #5 • Who helped to spread the idea of humanism? • Where did the Renaissance begin? • What are the 5 major world religions? • In what hemisphere did they begin? • Where was Judaism concentrated? • Where was Christianity concentrated? • Where was Islam concentrated? • Where was Hinduism concentrated? • Where was Buddhism concentrated? WHII Review #6 • By 1500, trade linked what continents? • What was the trade route between Asia and the Mediterranean Basin? • What was the trade route across North Africa? • Why were these trade routes important? • Name 3 products from China. • Name 2 advancements from India and the Middle East. • What scientific advancements were transferred along the trade routes? WHII Review #7 • What was the main Christian church in Europe in 1500? • Which Christian church refused to change bringing on the Reformation? • The practice of lending money at a high rate of interest is called what? • The nobles of what 2 countries disliked Italian domination of the Church? • The Church had not only religious power, but also _?_ power. WHII Review #8 • Name 2 problems in the Catholic Church which helped to cause the Reformation. • What was sold by the Catholic Church to release a soul from Purgatory? • Who began the Lutheran Church? • Name 2 beliefs of the Lutheran church. • Whose actions began the Reformation? • These were posted on the door of the church at Wittenberg. WHII Review #9 • Name 2 beliefs of John Calvin. • This is the belief that God knows who will be saved and who will not. • Who expanded the Protestant Movement? • Who began the Anglican Church in England? • Who broke with the Catholic Church because he wanted a divorce/ • (True)(False) The Reformation led to political and economic changes in Europe. • What is a Protestant? WHII Review #10 • Name 2 actions of Henry VIII against the Catholic Church. • What was the ruling dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire? • What church did they support? • In what area of Germany did the princes support the Reformation? • Why did they do this? • The conflict in Germany between the Catholics and Protestants became what war? WHII Review #11 • What is the national church of England? • Under whose reign did this occur? • The Reformation contributed to the rise of what economic system? • What religion were the French kings? • A French Protestant is called what? • The Edict of Nantes granted what? • A series of reforms in the Catholic Church is known as what? • The Society of Jesus is also known as what? WHII Review #12 • Who changed the focus of the Thirty Years War from religious to political? • What was the purpose of the Society of Jesus? • What was established to reinforce Catholic doctrine? • T/F The Reformation only changed religious beliefs in Europe. • The movement to enjoy life on earth and its rewards is called what? • The movement which believes every person is important is called what? WHII Review #13 • This invention spread the ideas of the Renaissance and Reformation. • What did Johannes Gutenberg invent? • Literacy was stimulated by what invention? • Was there always religious toleration in Europe? • Who had the power in most European states? • The Bible was first printed in what 3 languages? • The loss of what city in 1453 encouraged the search for new trade routes? • Name 2 Spanish explorers. WHII Review #14 • What goods were in high demand in Europe in the mid 15th century? • Who was the first European to “discover” the Western Hemisphere? • (True/False) New navigational inventions helped fuel the Age of Exploration. • What was the role of Prince Henry the Navigator? • Who was the first Englishman to sail around the world? • What were the 3 motives for exploration? WHII Review #15 • What was the first religion spread to the Western Hemisphere? • Native Americans of the Western Hemisphere are often called _?_ people. • What religion was spread to Latin America and Canada? • Whose expedition was the first to circumnavigate the world? • What Portuguese explorer was the first to reach India by way of Africa? WHII Review #16 • Who were the European missionaries trying to convert? • What Spanish explorer conquered the Aztecs? • What Spanish explorer conquered the Incas? • What explorer explored the St. Lawrence River and claimed Canada for France? • A major motive for exploration was to spread _?_. • What did colonists bring to the Americas? • Name 3 empires destroyed by the Spanish. • Name 2 legacies of Spanish rule in Latin America. WHII Review #17 • T/F Most colonies took on the social and cultural patterns of their parent country. • What racial group was forced into slavery? • Name 3 nations which established empires in the Western Hemisphere. • Europeans set up what on the coast of Africa? • What did Europeans want from Africa? • Throughout the world, what did Europeans want from their colonies? • What is another name for American Indians? WHII Review #18 • The Portuguese, Dutch and British all set up what to gain wealth in their colonies? • What was one of the first groups to colonize an area? • Where did this occur? • What was the exchange of products and resources between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres? • What did the Western Hemisphere “give” to Europe? • What was the result of these products? • What does indigenous mean? WHII Review #19 • What killed many American Indians? • What was the result of a labor shortage in the Western Hemisphere? • What European animals changed the lives of American Indians? • Where was the plantation system strongest? • What were 2 results of the plantation system? • Why were large numbers of laborers needed in the Americas? • Western Hemisphere slavery was based on what? WHII Review #20 • Who was the triangular trade between? • What products were involved? • Where did the gold and silver of the Americas go? • What was the result of this trade? • What empire conquered Constantinople? • What areas did they conquer? • Where was the Ottoman Empire originally located? • What was Constantinople renamed? WHII Review #21 • What was the unifying forcein the Ottoman Empire • (True/False) The Ottoman Empire did not accept other monotheistic religions. • What were 2 trade items of the Ottoman Empire? • Where was the Mughal Empire located? • What religion did the Mughals spread to India? • What is the architectural gem of Mughal India? • During the Mughal Empire, who arrived and set up trading posts in India? WHII Review #22 • How did Indian textiles affect the British textile industry? • What 3 European nations traded in India? • What 2 nations tried to limit the influence of European merchants? • What country established foreign enclaves to control trade? • What Chinese goods were in high demand in Europe? • The military leader of Japan was the_?_. WHII Review #23 • What Chinese leader tried to limit foreign influences and trade? • What country used isolationism to limit foreign influences? • How much power did the Japanese emperor have? • Who really had the power in Japan? • What were the main African exports in the 1600’s? • What did Africa import from Europe? • What were 2 new foods imported into Africa from America? WHII Review #24 • What theory stated that colonies existed for the benefit of the mother country? • An economic practice adopted by European colonial powers was_?_. • What does maritime mean? • Name 2 things European maritime nations were competing for. • A new economic system which included new money and banking systems was the what? • Who developed the heliocentric theory? WHII Review #25 • The economic needs of the mother country limited the success of what?. • Why did the European colonial powers adopt mercantilism? • Who discovered planetary motion? • (True/False) The Scientific Revolution changed how people saw the world and their place in it. • Who used a telescope to prove the heliocentric theory? • Who discovered the Laws of Gravity? • Who discovered circulation of the blood? WHII Review #26 • What theory states the earth revolves around the sun? • The Scientific Revolution was based on what? • What research method was developed during the Scientific Revolution? • During this Age, European monarchs increased the power of their central gov’t. • Name 2 characteristics of absolute monarchs. • Who was the king of France who built Versailles? WHII Review #27 • What is the theory that a ruler’s power comes directly from God and is only accountable to God? • What French palace became a symbol of royal power? • Who was the absolute ruler of Prussia? • Who was the absolute ruler of Russia? • How did Prussia’s rulers enforce its absolutism? • Democracy rests on the principle that power comes from where? WHII Review #28 • What did Peter the Great do for Russia? • Name 2 foundations of English democracy. • Name 2 events which furthered the development of English democracy. • Who led the Roundheads during the English Civil War? • Who was the king during the English Civil War? • What happened to the king during the English Civil War? • Who became king after Oliver Cromwell died? WHII Review #29 • Who became the rulers of England during the Glorious Revolution? • There was a shift in power during the Glorious Revolution. Who was it between? • What document was the result of the Glorious Revolution? • What developed after the English Civil War to express political beliefs? • What document signed by William and Mary restricted royal power? WHII Review #30 • What movement believed progress was possible through the application of scientific knowledge & reason to human problems? • Who wrote The Leviathan? • Who wrote Two Treatises on Government? • What movement helped spread democratic revolutions throughout the world? • What ideas influenced the American Revolution and Declaration of Independence? • Who wrote The Spirit of Laws? WHII Review #31 • What movement applied reason to the human world, not just the natural world? • What philosopher believed the state must have central authority to manage behavior? • What philosopher believed the people are sovereign and rulers are not chosen by God? • What movement encouraged religious tolerance? • What influenced the people of Latin America to establish independent nations? • Who wrote The Social Contract? WHII Review #32 • What philosopher believed the best form of government includes separation of powers? • What philosopher believed government is a contract between rulers and the people? • What 3 American documents were influenced by Enlightenment beliefs? • What event influenced the French people to view their govt in new ways? • What were the 2 causes of the French Revolution? WHII Review #33 • What American incorporated Enlightenment beliefs into the Declaration of Independence? • Who was the king at the beginning of the French Revolution? • What fortress was attacked marking the official beginning of the French Revolution? • The most extreme period of the French Revln when thousands were executed was what? • What were 2 results of the French Revolution? • Who led the rebellion in Haiti? WHII Review #34 • The Latin American colonies of what 3 nations rebelled as a result of the American and French revolutions? • Who led the revolutions in South America? • What is another name for the Enlightenment? • Name 2 composers of the period after the Enlightenment? • Who was a painter of the period after the Enlightenment? • Name 3 subjects of art after the Enlightenment. WHII Review #35 • What philosophe believed in religious toleration and separation of church and state? • What new technology improved year round transportation and trade? • New designs in what increased agricultural productivity? • Improvements in what lowered the cost of overseas transport? • What influenced artists of the Enlightenment? • Who wrote Don Quixote? WHII Review #36 • What new form of literature appeared after the Enlightenment? • Name 2 legacies of the French Revolution. • Who tried to unify Europe but was unsuccessful? • Who developed the law code on which many European law codes are based? • What event awakened feelings of national pride and the growth of nationalism? • What is the political philosophy that promotes social change and individual freedoms? WHII Review #37 • What is the political philosophy wants to keep things the way they are and not change? • What was the meeting which attempted to restore Europe to what it had been before the French Revolution and Napoleon? • What is the belief that no one country should be more powerful than others? • Name 2 influences on the growth of nationalism. • What event led to political discontent in Europe in the 1800’s? WHII Review #38 • What was the most important force behind European politics in the 1800’s? • What group tried to redraw the map of Europe after the French Revolution? • There were unsuccessful revolutions in Europe in what year? • What was the result of these revolutions? • What 2 actions occurred in Great Britain in the 1800’s? • What 2 areas became nations much later than the rest of Europe? WHII Review #39 • Who unified northern Italy? • Who joined southern Italy to northern Italy? • What was the last area to unify with the rest of Italy? • Who led the unification of Germany? • What state did Otto von Bismarck lead? • How did Bismarck achieve Germany’s unification? • What philosophy justifies using all means to achieve and hold power? WHII Review #40 • What war led to the creation of the German state? • Where did the Industrial Revolution begin? • Why did it begin here? • Name 2 resources of England. • What invention helped begin the Industrial Revolution? • Where did the Industrial Revolution spread first? • Name2 industries which were important during the Industrial Revolution? WHII Review #41 • What product was needed from the Americas, Asia and Africa? • What system began during the Industrial Revolution? • What system ended because of the Industrial Revolution? • How did the British Enclosure movement influence the Industrial Revolution? • What did industrial nations want to control worldwide? WHII Review #42 • Who invented the steam engine? • Who invented the cotton gin? • Who invented a new process for making steel? • Who developed the vaccine for smallpox? • Who discovered bacteria? • What is the term for the growth of cities? • Name 3 positive impacts of the Ind. Revln on industrialized nations. • Name 2 negative impact of the Ind Revln on industrialized nations. WHII Review #43 • Who wrote Wealth of Nations? • What class grew because of the Industrial Revolution? • Why did the standard of living increase for many people? • What is the economic philosophy which believes in a free market economy, profit motive, and the ability of entrepreneurs? • Was there an equal distribution of wealth during the Industrial Revolution? WHII Review #44 • What is an entrepreneur? • What class was dissatisfied with the Industrial Revolution? • Who wrote The Communist Manifesto? • Who wrote Das Kapital? • What economic philosophy believed in a classless society with no private property? • What philosophy believes that society as a whole should control the means of production? • Agricultural economies were based on what unit? WHII Review #45 • What do communists believe should happen to unequal distribution of wealth? • What philosophy developed because of the injustices of capitalism? • What groups competed with men for jobs during the Industrial Revln? • What organization fought for improved working conditions and workers’ rights? • What were working conditions like during the Industrial Revolution? WHII Review #46 • Whose labor helped to keep profits high and cost of production low? • Who controlled the lives of factory and mine workers? • What invention increased the demand for slave labor in America? • What 2 countries outlawed the slave trade and later slavery? • Who were seen as cheap labor during the Industrial Revolution? • What does suffrage mean? WHII Review #47 • Because women worked, they increased their demand for what? • Name 3 effects of the Industrial Revolution on society. • Reforms were made to end the labor of whom? • Why did workers strike? • The dialogue between labor and management to prevent a strike is called what? • Labor unions wanted laws to improve what? • To exert influence on lawmakers is to ….. WHII Review #48 • The industrialized nations of Europe needed what to expand their economies? • What continents did Europe want to control? • The policy of building an empire to extend a nation’s power and territory is called what? • What motivated European nations to compete for colonies? • What policy spread the economic, political and social philosophies of Europe throughout the world? WHII Review #49 • How did Europe force their colonies to trade with them? • What did Europe trade with their colonies? • What effect did this trade have? • What is a settlement of people outside their homeland, linked with the parent country by trade and direct govt control? • A country whose policies are guided by a foreign nation is called a what? • An area in a country where a foreign power has exclusive rights to trade or invest is called a what? WHII Review #50 • Did European conflicts carry over to their colonies? • Name an area which had spheres of influence. • What nation opened Japan to trade? • What Company dominated India? • What effect did the efforts of Christian missionaries have on imperialism? • The Chinese revolted against western imperialism in what rebellion? WHII Review #51 • When was the first Indian nationalist party founded? • The British built a link between the Mediterranean Sea and India called what? • What response did colonized people have to imperialism? • What were the dates of WWI? • Name 4 causes of WWI. • A national policy based on military strength and glorification of war is called what? WHII Review #52 • What event began WWI? • Who was the heir to the throne of Austria Hungary? • What event was the turning point of WWI? • Who was president of the U.S. during WWI? • Who was the leader of Germany during WWI? • Name 3 results of WWI. • What country left WWI because of the terrible conditions at home? • Name 3 terms in the Treaty of Versailles. WHII Review #53 • Who participated in the war and increased their demands for independence? • What did WWI “cost”? • What treaty ended WWI? • Name 3 empires which ended because of WWI. • What was the title of the leader of Russia? • What kind of monarchy did Russia have in 1914? • What were Russia’s social classes in 1914? • Who was the tsar of Russia in 1914? • Russia lost its war with whom in 1905? WHII Review #54 • Name 3 causes of the 1917 Revolution. • How many revolutions were there in Russia? • What revolution created the communist state? • Who led the Bolshevik Revolution? • What was Lenin’s economic policy called? • Who was Lenin’s successor? • What international organization was started after WWI? • Name 2 goals of the League of Nations. WHII Review #55 • What system was created to administer the colonies of defeated WWI powers on a temporary basis? • What major nation was not a member of the League of Nations? • Why was the League a failure? • Who were the main powers in the Middle East mandate system? • What were characteristics of the 1920’s? • What characterized the 1930’s? WHII Review #56 • Name 4 causes of the worldwide depression in the 1930’s. • What event occurred in 1929 causing a worldwide depression? • Name 3 impacts of the worldwide depression of the 1930’s. • What helped totalitarian governments gain power in the 1930’s? • In the 1930’s what political party was gaining importance in Germany? • What was the Great Purge? WHII Review #57 • In the 1930’s, who was the communist leader of Russia? • What was the official name of communist Russia? • What kind of government did Lenin and Stalin establish? • What country became a world power after WWI? • In what nations did dictators rise between the wars? • Name 3 policies of Stalin. WHII Review #58 • Who was blamed for Germany’s economic collapse in the 1930’s? • Who led Germany in the 1930’s? • (True/False) At the end of the 1930’s, Germany began to take over other European nations. • This term means hatred of Jews. • What is another name for National Socialism in Germany? • Name 4 characteristics of Germany between the wars. WHII Review #59 • Who led Italy during the Interwar Period? • What is the political philosophy based on nationalism and an all powerful state? • What was Mussolini’s goal for Italy? • What country did Italy first invade? • Who was the emperor of Japan in the 1930’s? • Who held the power in Japan in the 1930’s? • Why did Japan want to invade other countries? • Who led the U.S. during WWII?. WHII Review #60 • What philosophy guided Japanese politics before WWII? • Name 3 countries invaded by Japan before WWII began • What were the 3 totalitarian powers before WWII? • Name 5 causes of WWII. • The policy of granting concessions to a potential enemy in order to maintain peace is called what? • The policy to have peace at all costs is what? WHII Review #61 • What treaty failed to solve the problems of Europe between the wars? • What event began WWII? • Victory in this aerial battle saved Britain from German invasion. • The continent of Europe was controlled by Germany after the fall of this nation. • This was the turning point in the European theater of WWII. • This caused the U.S. to enter WWII,. WHII Review #62 • On June 6, 1944, the Allies invaded Europe. This was called what? • Atomic bombs were dropped on these 2 Japanese cities. • What was the result of this? • Who led the U.S. at the end of WWII? • Who was the leading U.S. general in the Pacific? • Who was the leading U.S. general in Europe? • Who was the British prime minister during WWII? WHII Review #63 • Who led the U.S. military from Washington, D.C.? • Who was the Soviet dictator of the USSR during WWII? • Who was the Nazi dictator of Germany? • Who was the head of the Japanese military during WWII? • Who was the emperor of Japan during WWII? • Hitler believed all Germans were members of what? WHII Review #64 • The systematic and purposeful destruction of a racial, political, religious, or cultural group is called what? • What did Hitler blame on Germany’s Jews? • What was the Final Solution? • Name 4 steps which led to the Holocaust. • Who attempted to exterminate the Armenians? • Who did Stalin attempt to exterminate? • Who did Pol Pot attempt to exterminate in Cambodia? WHII Review #65 • Who did the Hutu try to exterminate in Rwanda? • Who did the Bosnian Serbs try to exterminate in the former Yugoslavia? • Name 4 results of WWII. • What nations became superpowers after WWII? • What happened to those accused of war crimes after WWII? • What did the “Iron Curtain” represent? • This was established by the U.S. to help Europe recover after WWII. WHII Review #66 • What was international organization was established after WWII? • What was its purpose? • What alliance was established after WWII between the democratic nations of western Europe? • What alliance was established after WWII between the communist nations of eastern Europe? • What part of Germany became democratic? • Between whom was Germany divided? • What happened to Berlin after WWII? WHII Review #67 • West Germany gained what kind of power after WWII? • Who administered the govt in Japan after WWII? • What kind of govt was started in Japan after WWII? • Who guarantees Japan’s security even today? • What happened to Japan’s military capabilities after WWII? • The competition between what 2 nations began the Cold War? WHII Review #68 • Japan gained what kind of power after WWII? • The presence of what weapons influenced national policies during the Cold War? • What conference gave the Soviet Union control of Eastern Europe? • What were the 2 opposing economic philosophies of the Cold War? • The US policy to prevent the spread of communism was called what? • When did the Cold War begin? WHII Review #69 • Who was the president that developed the policy of containment? • What were the 2 opposing political philosophies of the Cold War? • The first armed conflict of the Cold War was where? • The Cold War armed conflict fought in Southeast Asia was in what country? • Who won these 2 armed conflicts? WHII Review #70 • What 2 alliances opposed each other during the Cold War? • In what years was the Cold War? • What economic system has failed throughout the world? • What was the significance of the Berlin Wall? • President Kennedy confronted the Soviet Union over missiles where? • Name 3 causes for the collapse of the Soviet Union. WHII Review #71 • When did the Soviet Union collapse and the Cold War end? • The occupation of Asian countries by what nation increased demands for independence after WWII? • What country developed regional alliances to stop communist aggression? • After WWI, China divided into what 2 nations? • Who led nationalist China? • Where was nationalist China located? WHII Review #72 • Who led communist China? • Where was communist China located? • In the 1950’s, in what war did Communist China participate? • Who controlled Vietnam before WWII? • After gaining their independence, what happened to Vietnam? • Who led the conflict against the French and US in Vietnam? WHII Review #73 • What happened to Vietnam after the Vietnam War? • What nation controlled India before WWII? • What was the previous name of Pakistan? • What was the previous name of Bangladesh? • What was the previous name of Sri Lanka? • Who led the Indian independence movement? • What 2 policies were used to gain independence in India? • Who fought a war for independence from France? WHII Review #74 • What 2 religions came into conflict in India? • What was the result of this conflict? • The right of a people to decide their own political status or govt is called what? • Where was this guaranteed? • What was the last continent to gain independence from European imperialism? • What European nation controlled Kenya? • Who led Kenya’s independence struggle? WHII Review #75 • Name 3 characteristics of the independence movement in Africa. • Many nations in this part of Africa gained their independence peacefully. • Name 4 countries who lost their colonies in Africa? • The official policy of strict racial separation and discrimination practiced in South Africa was called what? • Name 3 monotheistic religions WHII Review #76 • Where was the mandate system most active after WWI? • What happened to the League of Nations mandates after WWII? • Conflicts in the Middle East are often based on what? • What 2 countries were French mandates after WWI? • What 2 countries were British mandates after WWI? WHII Review #77 • Palestine became a part of what country in 1948? • What are the 5 main world religions? • What is the moral and religious code of conduct for Judaism? • What is the written record and beliefs of Hebrews called? • What 2 religions are based on Judaism? • How do Christians view Jesus? • What tells of the life and teachings of Jesus? WHII Review #78 • Who established early Christian doctrine? • Who began the religion of Islam? • Who is The Prophet? • What is the holy book of Islam? • What are the basic beliefs of Islam? • Who founded Buddhism? • What are the 2 basic guiding principles of Buddhism? • What do Buddhists hope to achieve? • Who was Buddha? WHII Review #79 • Who sent missionaries to spread Buddhism? • Where did these missionaries spread Buddhism? • What is the national religion of India? • What was the social system of India called? • The rebirth of the soul or spirit in different bodies is called what? • The belief that future reincarnation is based on present behavior is called what? • What religion believes in many forms of one deity? WHII Review #80 • Where is Judaism concentrated today? • Where is Christianity concentrated today? • Where is Islam concentrated today? • Where is Hinduism concentrated today? • Where is Buddhism concentrated today? • Name 3 places where there are ethnic and religious conflicts today. • (True/False) The plight of refugees is not important in international conflicts today. WHII Review #81 • A highly industrialized nation is often called what kind of nation? • A nation which had little industry and a traditional economy is often seen as what kind of nation? • What group is migrating to European cities today? • What is widening the gap between developed and developing nations today? • Name 3 distinguishing features between developed and developing nations today. WHII Review #82 • Name 2 things impacting the world’s envitonment. • Name 3 differences between developed and developing nations. • Name 2 environmental challenges in the world today. • Name 3 social challenges in the world today. • (True/False) There is no relationship between economic and political freedom. • Why are countries of the world today becoming more interdependent? WHII Review #83 • Name a country where political freedom has produced a rising standard of living and strong middle class. • What is an example of regional interaction in Europe? • What does NAFTA stand for? • What does it do? • What does WTO stand for? • Name 2 international organizations.
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