What are the six
What is food?
Source of enjoyment
Part of social life
Part of your culture
But most importantly, it provides
the energy and nutrients needed
to regulate all bodily functions.
What is a calorie?
unit of measure
• energy supplied
• energy used by
What is a nutrient?
chemical substance in food
builds, repairs, and maintains body
regulates body processes
6 Basic Nutrients
Make a list
On the small piece of paper, please make
a chart using 3 columns.
Label the first one protein, second one
carbs, and last one fats.
List five examples of each in the columns.
4 Calories per gram
20 -30% of daily caloric intake
rebuild, repair, and maintain body
forms muscle, bone, blood, cell
membranes, and hormones.
Different types of protein
Completeproteins contain all essential
• Meat, fish, chicken, turkey, milk, yogurt, and eggs.
Incomplete proteins lack some amino
• Nuts, seeds, and beans
• Must eat in certain combinations
Building blocks of protein
20 amino acids
11amino acids the body can
9 amino acids the body can’t make
• Essential amino acids
4 calories per gram
The body’s main source of energy
50 – 60% of daily caloric intake
2 types of carbohydrates
• Enter blood stream quickly
• Quick source of energy
Complex starches, fiber, and plant foods
• Enter bloodstream slowly
• Long-lasting energy
Macaroni Table sugar
9 calories per gram
30% of daily caloric intake
Source of energy
Make vitamins usable
Cushions and protects internal organs
Contributes to cholesterol
Cholesterol is a fat-like substance made by
the body and in some foods
Too much cholesterol contributes to heart
300 mgs. Recommended daily
• milk products and egg yolks
• Butter, lard, shortening
• Animal red meats
Contributes to heart health
Corn oil, sunflower oil, canola oil, and olive oil
6 – 8 oz. glasses per day
Loss due to sweat and urine
65 - 70% of the body
95% of blood
Removes body waste
Regulates body temperature
Cushions the spinal cord and joints
Aids in chemical reactions in the body
Fat-soluble – stored in the body
• Vitamins A, D, E, and k
Water-soluble – not stored in the body
• Vitamins B1, C
Nutrients that regulate many chemical reactions
in the body
How many calories are in 1 gram of carb,
protein, and fat?
How much water is recommended daily?
What is the function of vitamins and
Which type is better?
Simple or complex carbohydrates
Saturated or unsaturated fats
Complete or incomplete proteins