Disaster Prevention by taaLz5


									Definition of Terms
 DISASTER/CALAMITY - a situation usually catastrophic in
  nature, in which a number of persons are plunged into
  helplessness and suffering, and as a result may be in need of
  food, clothing, shelter, medical care and other basic necessities
  of life.

 RELIEF - An act of helping or alleviating the condition of
  persons who are suffering from the effects of disaster/calamity
  and are at the time completely helpless.

 REHABILITATION - The restoration of a person's economic
  dependency to an independent or stable way of living either
  physically, economically, socially or emotionally.
 DISASTER OPERATIONS - Any concerted effort by two or more agencies,
  governmental and/or otherwise, to provide emergency assistance in relief
  to persons who are victims of a disaster/calamity and in the restoration of
  essential public utilities and facilities. Specific aid and assistance that may
  be provided in disaster operations include: issuance of medical supplies
  and equipment and emergency medical treatment; food, water, and
  shelter, rescue and firefighting services; police protection route clearances
  and traffic control; prevention of panic; communications; and restoration
  of facilities.

  highest governmental body responsible for advising the President on the
  status of disaster preparedness program and disaster relief and
  rehabilitation efforts at the national level.
 organizations responsible for the conduct of disaster
 preparedness program, disaster relief and rehabilitation
 efforts at their respective levels.

 group of people at the provincial, city, municipal or arrange
 government level, duly organized for the purpose of
 preparing the people under its jurisdiction, to mitigate the
 effects of disasters and to control the disaster operations of
 its tasked units.
  through which all disaster planning and operations of the
  National Government are conducted.

 OPERATIONAL CONTROL - As distinguished from
  administrative control, this refers to supervision and direction
  over units involved in disaster operations, but only during
  periods of disaster.

 DISASTER CONTROL - It is the act of limiting or mitigating the
  effects of disasters through the introduction of measures
  designed to prepare the inhabitants and to protect their lives and
  properties before, during and after a disaster.
 CIVIL EMERGENCY - It is the disruption of normal
  activities of the civil populace occasioned by riots,
  rebellion, revolution and other similar events.

 STATE OF CALAMITY - It is a condition so declared by the
  President the Local Sanguine concerned in the event of
  widespread destruction to property and loss of life due to
  destructive forces of nature or man-made emergencies.

 CONFLAGRATION - It is a large disastrous fire involving
  numerous buildings/houses or structures.
 EARTHQUAKES - Are earth vibrations produced when the
  stability of rock masses under the surface of the earth is
  disturbed. These disturbances usually occur along existing
  fault lines or zones of structural weaknesses.

 ENGINEERING - As applied to a disaster situation pertains
  to repairs and restoration of infrastructures, buildings and

 EPIDEMIC/OUTBREAK - Is the occurrence of
  communicable/non-communicable diseases or illnesses of
  the same nature in excess of the normal.
 FLOOD - Is the condition that occurs when water overflows the natural
  or artificial confines of a stream or body of water, or when run-off from
  heavy rainfall accumulates over low-lying areas.

 POLLUTION - Is any discharge of liquid, gaseous or solid substances
  into land/soil, natural waters, atmospheric air or space which will
  create or render such environmental elements and atmospheric air
  harmful or detrimental or injurious to human beings, animals, plants
  and ecological balance of nature.

 RADIOACTIVE FALLOUT - Are dust particles of earth and debris,
  together with the radioactive materials that cling to them, which are
  drawn up into the mushroom cloud resulting from detonation of a
  nuclear weapon or device, and which are carried by the wind for many
  kilometers and then fall back to earth.
 SPACE DEBRIS - Are the remains of artificial satellites and their
  components as well as their means of carriage aloft, which fall back to
 STORM SURGE - Is an abnormal rise of the level of water along a shore
  as a result, primarily, of the winds and pressures associated with
 TROPICAL CYCLONE - Is an intense weather disturbance such as
  typhoon and storm composed of a big whirling mass of wind and rains,
  similar to whirlwind, tornado or waterspout but having immense
  dimensions. It has violent winds which flow around and towards the
  center and is associated with torrential rains often accompanied by
  thunderstorms. Its central area is known as the "eye", some tens of
  kilometers in diameter when there is unusually little cloud or even a
  clear sky, no rain and light various winds.
 TSUNAMI - Is a series of traveling ocean waves of long length
  and period usually caused by a seismic disturbances in the ocean
  floor or confines, which upon reaching the shore, losses speed
  but increases in height. Depending upon the residual force upon
  arrival, such waves may rush in shore and cause devastation to
  human settlements and infrastructures along the shoreline.

 VOLCANIC ERUPTION - Is the ejection of volcanic materials
  such as lava, ashes, rock fragments, steam and other gases
  through a fissure brought about by tremendous pressure which
  forces open the rock formation overlying pockets of molten rocks
  or steam reservoirs found under the earth's crust.
 Commonwealth to Post-Commonwealth Era
 During the Commonwealth days, two (2) executive orders
 were issued by the late President Manuel L. Quezon,
 namely, Executive Order Nos. 335 and 337. Executive Order
 No. 335 created the Civilian Emergency Administration
 (CEA), which was tasked primarily through the National
 Emergency Commission (NEC) to formulate and execute
 policies and plans for the protection and welfare of the
 civilian population under extraordinary and emergency
 The NEC, which was established to administer the CEA,
  was composed of the following official members:

  1. Philippine National Red Cross (PNRC) Manager
  2. Director of Publicity and Propaganda
  3. Food Administrator
  4. Industrial Production Administration
  5. National Welfare Warden
  6. Director of Communications
  7. Fuel and Transportation Administration
  8. Other officials as may be appointed from time to time
 Local emergency committees from the provincial, city
  and municipal levels were likewise organized with the
  following structure:
 Chairman - Provincial Governor/City/Municipal
  Members - Provincial/City/Municipal Treasurer
  - Ranking Teacher or Principal
  - Chief of Police
  - Sanitary Officer
  - Provincial/City/Municipal Agriculturist
 - Representative of the Municipal Council Local Units -
  Volunteer Guard
  - Air-raid Protection
  - Protection of Utilities and Industries
  - Food Administration
  - Evacuation
  - Public Welfare and Morale
  - Transportation and Fuel Administration
  - Medical and Sanitary
  - Publicity and Propaganda
  - Other services as may be authorized from time to time
 The organization and training of volunteer guards and
 air-raid protection units were given much emphasis by
 the government during that time with the issuance of
 Executive Order No. 337 which empowered the
 volunteer guards to assist the maintenance of peace
 and order in the locality, to safeguard public utilities
 and to provide assistance and aid to the people during
 natural or man-
 made disasters.
 Japanese Occupation
 During the Japanese occupation, the puppet government
 under President Jose P. Laurel issued Executive Order No.
 36 which created the Civilian Protection Service (CPS)
 which was empowered to formulate and execute plans and
 policies for the protection of civilian population during air
 raids and other national emergencies. The Civilian
 Protection Service functioned through a Civilian
 Protection Administration (CPA) which was composed of
 three members, namely, the Civilian Protection
 Administrator, the Chief of the Air Warden and the Chief
 of the Medical and First Aid Service.
 Executive Order No. 36 also provided for the
 establishment of the Provincial, City and Municipal
 Protection Committee with the Provincial Governor,
 City and Municipal Mayor as Chairman, respectively.
 Members of the local protection committees included
 the highest local official of the Treasurer's Office,
 Justice, Engineer's Office, Schools, Health and the
 It should be noted that the above executive orders had
 mandated the formulation of plans for the protection
 of the people during a national emergency but
 literatures on this regard were absent which revealed
 the sad state of the country's disaster preparedness
 program even during those times. This could have also
 been one of the reasons why we were caught
 unprepared on December 8, 1941.
 1954 - 1968
 Our experience during World War II, the country's
 vulnerability to all types of disasters particularly
 typhoons and floods, and the nuclear arms race of the
 three superpowers in the 1950's, have prompted the
 government to promulgate a law - Republic Act 1190,
 otherwise known as the Civil Defense Act of 1954.
 Under this law, a National Civil Defense
 Administration (NCDA) was established which was
 tasked primarily to provide protection and welfare to
 the civilian population during war or other national
 emergencies of equally grave character. To support the
 NCDA in carrying out its mission, RA 1190 also
 provided for the establishment of civil defense
 councils at the national and local levels, namely: the
 National Civil Defense Council (NCDC) and the
 provincial, city and municipal civil defense councils,
 The NCDC was composed of the following:

 NCDC Administrator-Chairman
 Chairman, Committee on National Defense and
 Security of both Houses of Congress-Member
 Chief, Philippine Constabulary-Member
 Commissioner of Social Welfare-Member
 Manager, Philippine National Red Cross-Member
 Manager, Philippine National Development Company-
 Manager, Price Stabilization Council-Member
 On the other hand, the organization of the local civil
 defense council was not specifically provided for in the
 locality but designated the Provincial Governor, City
 and Municipal Mayor as the Provincial, City and
 Municipal Civil Defense Director, respectively.
 The municipalities and cities which were
 directly under the supervision of the
 Provincial Civil Defense Director relative to
 civil defense services, were the main basic
 operating units for the purpose
 The operating services of the national and civil defense
  organizations were as follows:
  Warden Service;
  Police Service;
  Fire Service;
  Health Service;
  Rescue and Engineering Service;
  Emergency Welfare Service;
  Transportation Service;
  Communication Service;
  Evacuation Service;
  Air-raid Warning Service; and
  Auxiliary Service.
 The National Civil Defense Administration, as a planning
  body under the Office of the President, has been
  constrained to carry out its functions effectively due to
  budgetary constraints and the apathy and indifference by
  the public and the government itself to NCDA's disaster
  preparedness and prevention programs. But the
  government's lack of interest to said programs was
  somewhat reversed when the Ruby Tower building in
  Manila collapsed in 1968 to a powerful earthquake, and
  created a National Committee on Disaster Operation
  through Administrative Order No. 151 issued on December
  2, 1968
 The composition of the Committee was as follows:
 Executive Secretary-Chairman
  Secretary of Social Welfare-Vice-Chairman
  Secretary of National Defense-Member
  Secretary of Health-Member
  Secretary of Public Works and Natural Resources-Member
  Secretary of Commerce and Industry-Member
  Secretary of Education-Member
  Secretary of Community Development-Member
  Commissioner of the Budget-Member
  Secretary-General, Philippine National Red Cross-Member
  Executive Officer - A Designated National Coordinator-
 Under this Order, the national committee was created to
  ensure effective coordination of operations of the different
  agencies during disasters caused by typhoons, floods, fires,
  earthquakes, and other calamities.
 To carry out its functions effectively, the Committee
  Chairman issued a Standard Operating Procedure which
  prescribed for the organizational set-up for disasters from
  the national down to the municipal level, their duties and
  responsibilities and the preparation by concerned agencies
  of their respective SOPs for the same purpose as the
  national SOP.
 Formulation of the Disaster and Calamities Plan
 On October 19, 1970, as an aftermath of Typhoon
  "Sening" which ravaged the Bicol Region, the flooding
  of Metro Manila for almost three months, a Disaster
  and Calamities Plan prepared by an Inter-
  Departmental Planning Group on Disasters and
  Calamities, was approved by the President. The Plan
  has provided, among others, the creation of a National
  Disaster Control Center
 National Disaster Control Center which was composed of
  the following:
 Secretary of National Defense-Chairman
  Executive Secretary-Overall Coordinator
  Secretary of Health-Members
  Secretary of Public Works and Communications-Members
  Secretary of Agriculture and Natural Resources-Members
  Secretary of Commerce and Industry-Members
  Secretary of Education-Members
  Secretary of Community Devt.-Members
 Birth of the Office of Civil Defense (1973)

 NCDA was abolished and transferred its functions and
 personnel and those of the NDCC to a newly-created
 agency - the Office of Civil Defense (OCD), which was
 entrusted the mission of ensuring the protection and
 welfare of the people during disasters or emergencies.
 Under Letter of Implementation No. 19, Series of 1972,
 the missions and functions of OCD are enumerated.
 Presidential Decree 1566 and the Formal
 Establishment of the NDCC, RDCC and Local
 DCCs (1978)

 On June 11, 1978, PD 1566 was issued to strengthen the
 Philippine disaster control capability and to establish a
 community disaster preparedness program
Among the salient provisions of the Decree are the
 State policy on self-reliance among local officials and
  their constituents in responding to disasters or
 Organization of disaster coordinating councils from
  the national down to the municipal level;
 Statement of duties and responsibilities of the
  National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC),
  RDCCs and LDCCs;
 Preparation of the National Calamities and Disaster
  Preparedness Plan (NCDPP) by OCD and
  implementing plans by NDCC member-agencies;
 Conduct of periodic drills and exercises; and
 Authority for government units to program their funds
  for disaster preparedness activities in addition to the
  2% calamity fund as provided for in PD 474 (amended
  by RA 8185).
 The National Disaster Control Center, which was
 created on October 19, 1970, is the forerunner of the
 National Disaster Coordinating Council created under
 PD 1566. It serves as the highest policy-making body
 for disasters in the country and includes almost all
 Department Secretaries as members
The original composition of the NDCC was as follows:
 Minister of National Defense-Chairman
 Minister of Public Works and Highways-Members
 Minister of Transportation and Communications-
 Minister of Social Services and Development-
 Minister of Agriculture-Members
 Minister of Education, Culture and Sports-Members
 Minister of Finance-Members
 Minister of Labor and Employment-Members
 Minister of Trade and Industry-Members
 Minister of Local Government and Devt.-Members
 Minister of Health-Members
 Minister of Natural Resources-Members
 Minister of Public Information-Members
 Minister of Budget-Members
 Minister of Justice-Members
 Presidential Executive Assistant-Members
 Chief of Staff, Armed Forces of the Phils.-Members
 Secretary-General, Philippine National Red Cross-
 Administrator, Office of Civil Defense-Member and
  Executive Officer
The disaster coordinating councils (DCCs) from the
 regional, provincial, city and municipal level, on the
 other hand, are composed of representatives of
 national government agencies operating at these levels
 and local officials concerned
Legal Bases of the Philippine
Disaster Management System
 The legal bases of our disaster management system are
 Presidential Decree No. 1, s-1872, as implemented by
 Presidential Letter of Implementation No. 19, s-1972,
 and Presidential Decree No. 1566 dated June 11, 1978.
 PD No.1 was the Integrated Reorganization Plan of
 1972, which was implemented through LOI No. 19. The
 said LOI defined
 among others, the organization, mission and functions
 of the Office of Civil Defense as a bureau under the
 Department of National Defense. PD No. 1566, on the
 other hand, provided for the strengthening of the
 Philippine disaster control capability and establishing
 a community disaster preparedness program
 Salient Provisions of PD 1566

Among the salient provisions of PD 1566 are the following:

 1. State policy on self- reliance among local officials and
  their constituents in responding to disasters or
 2. Organization of disaster coordinating councils from the
  national down to the municipal level;
 3. Statement of duties and responsibilities of the National
  Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC), RDCC and LDCCs;
 4. Preparation of the National Calamities and Disaster
  Preparedness Plan (NCDPP) by OCD and
  implementing plans by NDCC member-agencies;
 5. Conduct of periodic drills and exercises; and
 6. Authority for government units to program their
  funds for disaster preparedness activities in addition to
  the 2% calamity fund as provided for in PD 474
  (amended by RA 8185).

 The Philippines, being in the so-called Circum-Pacific belt
  of fire and typhoon, has always been subjected to constant
  disasters and calamities.
 The great ocean and seas around her, while providing wide
  avenues for international trade and commerce and a source
  of tremendous marine resources also serve as the spawning
  areas of destructive typhoons and monsoons.
 In whatever part of the country we are located, the
  possibility of our experiencing the gloom and the stark
  reality of disasters such as floods, typhoons, tornadoes,
  earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, drought,
  flashflood and man-made disasters such as land, air and
  sea disasters, civil strife armed conflict, etc.,
 their resultant toll in lives and properties, is always present.
  Everyone, even in the safety of his home, has not been
  spared the sight now the feeling of loss by the terrific
  disasters and calamities, not as an abstract tragedy, but in
  the pictures of stunned faces of the survivors.
 Objectives

 The primary objective of this Plan is: to ensure
 effective and efficient implementation of civil
 protection program thru an integrated, multi-sectoral
 and community based approach and strategies for the
 protection and preservation of life, property and
 This Plan embraces all conceivable contingencies, making
  use of all available resources, both government and private.
  It also develops self-reliance by promoting and encouraging
  the spirit of self-help and mutual assistance among the
  local officials and their constituents.
 Each political and administrative subdivision of the
  country shall utilize their own resources before asking for
  assistance from neighboring entities or higher authority.
  While emergency preparedness is a joint responsibility of
  the national and local governments, its effectiveness will
  depend largely on the skills and resources and the
  involvement of private organizations and the general public
  in the area of disasters.
 Regular exercises and drills will be conducted at all
  levels to enhance the people's reaction capability and
  ensure precision and spontaneity in responding to
  emergencies.The Regional offices of the departments
  shall provide similar support/assistance to the
  Regional Disaster Coordinating Council.
 This relationship shall be maintained down the line to
 the Barangay Disaster Coordinating Councils and their
 respective Disaster Operations Centers.Disaster
 Councils at the Regional, Provincial, Municipal/City
 and Barangay levels shall be established to
 complement the National Disaster Coordinating
 Council. Each Council shall have staff elements,
 stationed in their respective operations centers
composed of the following:
 Damage Assessment and Needs Analysis Unit
 Emergency Management Information Service Unit
 Vulnerability Risk Reduction Management Unit
 Plans and Operations Unit
 Resource Unit
Each council shall provide operating units for:
 Communication Transportation Service and Early
  Warning Service;
 Health Service;
 Auxiliary Fire and Police Service;
 Relief and Rehabilitation Service;
 Public Information Service;
 and Rescue, Evacuation and Engineering Service
Regional Disaster Coordinating Council (RDCC)
The Regional Disaster Coordinating Council (hereinafter referred
  to at RDCC) shall be composed of the
 Regional PNP Director as Chairman, and heads of regional
  offices and field stations,
 National agencies and selected Non Government Organizations
  (NGOs) at the regional level as member.
 The Regional Governor of ARMM shall act as the Chairman and
  PNP Regional Director as Vice- Chairman and the OCD Regional
  Office shall be the Executive arm and secretariat and as such,
 The Regional Director shall serve as the Executive Officer.
  Metro Manila Disaster Coordinating Council (MMDCC)
 The Chairman, Metropolitan Manila Development
  Authority (MMDA) shall be the Chairman of the
  Metropolitan Manila Disaster Coordinating Council
  (hereinafter referred to as MMDCC) with the Mayors of the
  17 Cities and Municipalities comprising Metropolitan
 the Director of National Government Agencies; and Heads
  of NGO's situated in the National Capital Region to be
  determined by the MMDA Chairman as members.
 Regional Director, Office of Civil Defense, National
  Capital Region, shall act as the Executive Officer of the
Provincial Disaster Coordinating Council (PDCC)
A Provincial Disaster Coordinating Council (hereinafter
  referred to as PDCC) shall be composed of
 the Provincial Governor as Chairman, the Provincial
  Director of the PNP as Vice-Chairman, and all organic
  provincial officials, as well as of national officials
  working at the provincial level, as members.
 The Provincial Civil Defense Deputized Coordinators
  shall act as action officer of the council.
City Disaster Coordinating Council (CDCC)
 A City Disaster Coordinating Council (hereinafter
  referred to as CDCC) shall be composed of the City
  Mayor as Chairman, the City Director of the PNP as
  Vice-Chairman and all organic city officials, as well as
  all national officials working at the city level, as
 The City Civil Defense Deputized Coordinators shall
  act as the action Officer of the council.
Municipal Disaster Coordinating Council (MDCC)
 A Municipal Disaster Coordinating Council
  (hereinafter referred to as MDCC) shall be composed
  of the Municipal Mayor as Chairman, the Chief of
  Police of the PNP as Vice-Chairman and all organic
  municipal officials, as well as all national officials
  working at the municipal level, as members.
 The Municipal Civil Defense Deputized Coordinators
  shall act as action officer of the council.
Barangay Disaster Coordinating Council (BDCC)
 A Barangay Disaster Coordinating Council (hereinafter
  referred to as the BDCC) shall be composed of the
  Barangay Captain as Chairman and leading persons in
  the community as members.
 Find out the frequency of occurrence of floods in your
 All family members must know the flood warning
  system in your community.
 Keep informed of daily weather condition.
 Inquire on designated evacuation areas for families
  and livestock.
 Keep a stock of food which requires little cooking and
  refrigeration; electric power may be interrupted.
 Keep a transistor radio, flashlight with spare batteries,
  emergency cooking equipment, candles, matches and
  first aid kit handy in case of emergency.
 Store supplies and other household effects above
  expected flood water level.
 Securely anchor weak dwellings and items.
 Watch for rapidly rising waters.
 Listen to your radio for emergency instructions
 If necessary, evacuate to a safe area before access is
  cut-off by flood waters.
 Store drinking water in containers, water service may
  be interrupted.
 Move household belongings to higher levels.
 Get livestock to higher grounds.
 Turn off electricity at the main switch in the building
  before evacuating and also lock your house.
 Avoid areas subject to sudden flooding.
 Do not attempt to cross rivers of flowing streams
  where water is above the knee.
 Beware of water-covered roads and bridges.
 Do not go swimming or boating in swollen rivers
 Eat only well-cooked food. Protect left-over against
 Drink clean or preferably boiled water ONLY
 Re-enter dwellings with caution using flashlights, not
  lanterns or torches. There may be flammable materials
 Be alert of fire hazards like broken wires.
 Do not eat food or drink water until they have been
  checked for flood water contamination.
 Report broken utility lines (electricity, water, gas and
  telephone) to appropriate agencies/authorities.
 Do not turn on the main switch or use appliances and
  other equipment until they have been checked by a
  competent electrician.
 If necessary, consult health authorities for
  immunization requirements.
 Do not go "sight-seeing" in disaster areas. Your
  presence might hamper rescue and other emergency
Severe Weather
 A tropical cyclone will affect the locality.
  Winds of 30 - 60 kph may be expected in at least 36 hours
  Twigs and branches of small trees may be broken.
  Some banana plants may tilt or flat on the ground.
  Some houses of very light material (nipa and cogon) may
  be partially unroofed.
  Very light or no damage at all may be sustained by the
  exposed community.
  Rice flowering stage may suffer significant damage.
 People are advised to listen to the latest Severe
  Weather Bulletin issued by PAGASA every six hours
  5:00 a.m., 11:00 a.m., 5:00 p.m., 11:00 p.m.
 Business may be carried out as usual. When the
  tropical cycloe is strong, intensifying or is moving
  closer, this signal may be gradually increased. Disaster
  preparedness is activated to alert status.
 A moderate tropical cyclone will affect the locality.
  Winds of greater than 60 kph to 100 kph may be expected in at
  least 24 hours.
 Some coconut trees may be tilted with the few others broken.
  Few big trees maybe uprooted.
  Many banana plants maybe destroyed.
  Rice and corn maybe adversely affected.
  Large nipa and cogon houses maybe partially or totally unroofed.
  Some old galvanized iron roofings may roll off.
  Light to moderate damage to palay in flowering stage.
 The sea and coastal waters are dangerous to smaller sea crafts.
  Fishermen are advised not to go to the sea.
  Avoid necessary risks. Traveling by sea or air is risky.
  Stay indoors.
  Secure properties.
 Special attention should be given to the latest position, direction
  and speed of movement and intensity of the tropical cyclone as it
  may intensify and move towards the locality.
  Disaster preparedness agencies and other organization are
 A strong tropical cyclone will affect the locality.
  Winds of greater than 100 kph to 185 kph may be expected in at least 18 hours.
 Almost all banana plant may be destroyed and a large number of trees maybe
  Rice and corn crops may suffer heavy damage.
  Majority nipa and cogon houses maybe uprooted or destroyed and there may
  be considerable damage to structures of light to medium construction.
  There maybe widespread disruption of electrical power and communication
  In general, moderate to heavy damage may be expected in both the agricultural
  and industrial sectors.
  Travel by sea and by air is very risky.
  Sea and coastal waters will be dangerous to all sea crafts.
 People are advised to evacuate and stay in strong buildings.
  Stay away from coasts and river banks.
  Watch out for the passage of the "eye" do not venture away from shelter.
  Suspend classes in all level and make sure the children stay in the safety of
  strong buildings.
 The disturbance is dangerous to threatened or affected communities.
  The passage of the "eye" of the typhoon is indicated by a sudden change from
  bad to fair weather. Fair weather may last for one or two hours after which the
  worst weather will resume with very strong winds generally coming from the
  opposite direction.
  Disaster preparedness and response agencies/organization are activated to
  respond appropriately.

 A very intense typhoon will affect the locality.
  Very strong winds of more than 185 kph may be
  expected in at least 12 hours.
 Coconut plantation may suffer extensive damage.
  Many large trees may be uprooted.
  Rice and corn plantation may suffer severe damage.
  * most residential and institutional buildings of mixed
  construction may be severely damaged.
  Electric power distribution and communication
  service may be disrupted.
  Damage to affected communities can be very heavy.
 Cancel all travel and other outdoor activities.
  Stay in safety of houses or evacuation centers.
 The situation is potentially very destructive to the
  Disaster coordinating councils concerned and other
  disaster response organizations must respond to
Before the storm comes...
 Reinforce your home to withstand wind and flooding.
 Learn about typhoon and other disturbances, their
  signs and warning, effects and dangers, and how to
  protect your family, yourself and your property.
 Educate the members of your family on preparedness
  and protection from tropical cyclones.
 Re-check your roof for leaks and loose roofing
  thatches or GI sheets and other needed repairs. Ensure
  that the main structural elements of your roof are
  secured to the top beams of your houses.
 Install guy wires or buttresses to the main structural
  columns of your house to reinforce its anchorage to the
 Store adequate supply of food and drinking water.
  Prepare flashlights, batteries, matches, kerosene
  lamps or candles in anticipation of power failure.
 During the emergency, keep your radio on and listen to the
  latest report and PAGASA bulletin and announcement.
 When a typhoon, tropical depression or tropical storm
  strikes, stay indoors and do not go near windows.
  Check on everything that may be blown away or turned
  loose. Flying objects become dangerous during typhoons.
 If the "eye" of the storm passes over your place, there may
  be a lull lasting for a few minutes to half an hour. Stay in
  safe place. Make emergency repairs if necessary, but
  remember the wind will blow suddenly from the opposite
  direction, frequently with even greater violence.
 Cut off loose tree branches and excessive foliage or leaves.
 Severe flooding may follow typhoon. Stay away from river
  banks and streams.
 If your house is not safe, move to a designated evacuation
  center and stay there until the storm has completely
 Slightly open a window or door at the side of the house
  opposite form where the wind comes from to avoid
  pressure build up.
 Be calm. Your ability to meet the emergency will inspire
  and help others.
 Philippine National Police recognizes the fear and
  terror wrought in the hearts of our citizens as a result
  of the recent spate of bombings in Metro Manila and
  other parts of the country.
 These incidents have left a number of people dead,
  maimed or seriously injured.
 This material is designed to provide you with essential
  information on handling bomb threats and incidents.
What are Bombs?
A bomb is a device capable of producing damage to
  material and injury or death to people when detonated
  or ignited. Bombs are classified as follows:
 Explosive - a bomb that causes damage by
  fragmentation, heat and blast.
 Incendiary - a bomb that generates fire-producing
  heat without a substantial explosion when ignited.
When an anonymous caller reports that a bomb has been
 placed in any establishment, the procedure outlined below
 should be followed:
 The person receiving the call should:
   Attempt to keep the caller on the line and record the
    conversation, noting down or remembering the exact words
    of the person making the threat.
   Try to know when the bomb is set to explode, where it is,
    what it looks like, who placed the bomb and the reason for
    the bomb.
   Note the time and duration of the call.
   Note the background noises and voice characteristics, male or
    female, young, middle-aged or old, tone and accent.
   Note the time and duration of the call.
   Note the background noises and voice characteristics,
    male or female, young, middle-aged or old, tone and

 The switchboard operator, should there be one, should
 be instructed to turn on the tape recorder (if available,
 to record the caller's voice print.)
 Upon receipt of the bomb threat, the person receiving
  the call will immediately notify the chief administrator
  of the establishment, who in turn will direct all
  occupants/public stay outside in a safe holding area at
  least 300 feet away from the building.
 The administrator or operator/owner must also notify
  the PNP (in case in Metro Manila, NCRPO should be
  contacted through 117 while in the provinces, contact
  the Office of the Police Regional Director or the Chief
  of Police Station or the Fire Protection Services)
 In the meantime that the PNP elements are being awaited,
  security officer/guards should secure all entrances of the
  building to prevent any person from entering the building.
 If more than one threat is made in a month, the
  administrator, operator/owner should make arrangement
  with the telephone company to monitor and trace the
  telephone calls for a period of time.
 The administrator or operator/owner should be made
  available, if requested by the PNP elements, personnel to
  assist in the search for the bomb.
 Never allow anybody or any person to get inside of the
  building unless declared safe by the bomb disposal team.

 Do not touch or move unknown objects
 Move away (at least 300 feet) from the bomb
  Address: Camp Crame, Quezon City
  Tel Nos:724-87-66 / 722-31-79 / 725-51-15
  725-3179 / 723-04-01 local 3313
  UNIT (EODU) 721-85-44
  Address: Camp Crame, Quezon City
  Tel Nos:723-68-65
  Address: Camp Bagong Diwa, Bicutan
  Taguig, Metro Manila
  Tel Nos:837.20.94 / 837-24-71 local 743

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