Definition of Terms
DISASTER/CALAMITY - a situation usually catastrophic in
nature, in which a number of persons are plunged into
helplessness and suffering, and as a result may be in need of
food, clothing, shelter, medical care and other basic necessities
RELIEF - An act of helping or alleviating the condition of
persons who are suffering from the effects of disaster/calamity
and are at the time completely helpless.
REHABILITATION - The restoration of a person's economic
dependency to an independent or stable way of living either
physically, economically, socially or emotionally.
DISASTER OPERATIONS - Any concerted effort by two or more agencies,
governmental and/or otherwise, to provide emergency assistance in relief
to persons who are victims of a disaster/calamity and in the restoration of
essential public utilities and facilities. Specific aid and assistance that may
be provided in disaster operations include: issuance of medical supplies
and equipment and emergency medical treatment; food, water, and
shelter, rescue and firefighting services; police protection route clearances
and traffic control; prevention of panic; communications; and restoration
NATIONAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCIL (NDCC) - The
highest governmental body responsible for advising the President on the
status of disaster preparedness program and disaster relief and
rehabilitation efforts at the national level.
REGIONAL, PROVINCIAL, MUNICIPAL AND BARANGAY
DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCILS - The
organizations responsible for the conduct of disaster
preparedness program, disaster relief and rehabilitation
efforts at their respective levels.
LOCAL DISASTER COORDINATING COUNCIL - It is a
group of people at the provincial, city, municipal or arrange
government level, duly organized for the purpose of
preparing the people under its jurisdiction, to mitigate the
effects of disasters and to control the disaster operations of
its tasked units.
CIVIL DEFENSE OPERATIONS CENTER (CDOC) - The facility
through which all disaster planning and operations of the
National Government are conducted.
OPERATIONAL CONTROL - As distinguished from
administrative control, this refers to supervision and direction
over units involved in disaster operations, but only during
periods of disaster.
DISASTER CONTROL - It is the act of limiting or mitigating the
effects of disasters through the introduction of measures
designed to prepare the inhabitants and to protect their lives and
properties before, during and after a disaster.
CIVIL EMERGENCY - It is the disruption of normal
activities of the civil populace occasioned by riots,
rebellion, revolution and other similar events.
STATE OF CALAMITY - It is a condition so declared by the
President the Local Sanguine concerned in the event of
widespread destruction to property and loss of life due to
destructive forces of nature or man-made emergencies.
CONFLAGRATION - It is a large disastrous fire involving
numerous buildings/houses or structures.
EARTHQUAKES - Are earth vibrations produced when the
stability of rock masses under the surface of the earth is
disturbed. These disturbances usually occur along existing
fault lines or zones of structural weaknesses.
ENGINEERING - As applied to a disaster situation pertains
to repairs and restoration of infrastructures, buildings and
EPIDEMIC/OUTBREAK - Is the occurrence of
communicable/non-communicable diseases or illnesses of
the same nature in excess of the normal.
FLOOD - Is the condition that occurs when water overflows the natural
or artificial confines of a stream or body of water, or when run-off from
heavy rainfall accumulates over low-lying areas.
POLLUTION - Is any discharge of liquid, gaseous or solid substances
into land/soil, natural waters, atmospheric air or space which will
create or render such environmental elements and atmospheric air
harmful or detrimental or injurious to human beings, animals, plants
and ecological balance of nature.
RADIOACTIVE FALLOUT - Are dust particles of earth and debris,
together with the radioactive materials that cling to them, which are
drawn up into the mushroom cloud resulting from detonation of a
nuclear weapon or device, and which are carried by the wind for many
kilometers and then fall back to earth.
SPACE DEBRIS - Are the remains of artificial satellites and their
components as well as their means of carriage aloft, which fall back to
STORM SURGE - Is an abnormal rise of the level of water along a shore
as a result, primarily, of the winds and pressures associated with
TROPICAL CYCLONE - Is an intense weather disturbance such as
typhoon and storm composed of a big whirling mass of wind and rains,
similar to whirlwind, tornado or waterspout but having immense
dimensions. It has violent winds which flow around and towards the
center and is associated with torrential rains often accompanied by
thunderstorms. Its central area is known as the "eye", some tens of
kilometers in diameter when there is unusually little cloud or even a
clear sky, no rain and light various winds.
TSUNAMI - Is a series of traveling ocean waves of long length
and period usually caused by a seismic disturbances in the ocean
floor or confines, which upon reaching the shore, losses speed
but increases in height. Depending upon the residual force upon
arrival, such waves may rush in shore and cause devastation to
human settlements and infrastructures along the shoreline.
VOLCANIC ERUPTION - Is the ejection of volcanic materials
such as lava, ashes, rock fragments, steam and other gases
through a fissure brought about by tremendous pressure which
forces open the rock formation overlying pockets of molten rocks
or steam reservoirs found under the earth's crust.
Commonwealth to Post-Commonwealth Era
During the Commonwealth days, two (2) executive orders
were issued by the late President Manuel L. Quezon,
namely, Executive Order Nos. 335 and 337. Executive Order
No. 335 created the Civilian Emergency Administration
(CEA), which was tasked primarily through the National
Emergency Commission (NEC) to formulate and execute
policies and plans for the protection and welfare of the
civilian population under extraordinary and emergency
The NEC, which was established to administer the CEA,
was composed of the following official members:
1. Philippine National Red Cross (PNRC) Manager
2. Director of Publicity and Propaganda
3. Food Administrator
4. Industrial Production Administration
5. National Welfare Warden
6. Director of Communications
7. Fuel and Transportation Administration
8. Other officials as may be appointed from time to time
Local emergency committees from the provincial, city
and municipal levels were likewise organized with the
Chairman - Provincial Governor/City/Municipal
Members - Provincial/City/Municipal Treasurer
- Ranking Teacher or Principal
- Chief of Police
- Sanitary Officer
- Provincial/City/Municipal Agriculturist
- Representative of the Municipal Council Local Units -
- Air-raid Protection
- Protection of Utilities and Industries
- Food Administration
- Public Welfare and Morale
- Transportation and Fuel Administration
- Medical and Sanitary
- Publicity and Propaganda
- Other services as may be authorized from time to time
The organization and training of volunteer guards and
air-raid protection units were given much emphasis by
the government during that time with the issuance of
Executive Order No. 337 which empowered the
volunteer guards to assist the maintenance of peace
and order in the locality, to safeguard public utilities
and to provide assistance and aid to the people during
natural or man-
During the Japanese occupation, the puppet government
under President Jose P. Laurel issued Executive Order No.
36 which created the Civilian Protection Service (CPS)
which was empowered to formulate and execute plans and
policies for the protection of civilian population during air
raids and other national emergencies. The Civilian
Protection Service functioned through a Civilian
Protection Administration (CPA) which was composed of
three members, namely, the Civilian Protection
Administrator, the Chief of the Air Warden and the Chief
of the Medical and First Aid Service.
Executive Order No. 36 also provided for the
establishment of the Provincial, City and Municipal
Protection Committee with the Provincial Governor,
City and Municipal Mayor as Chairman, respectively.
Members of the local protection committees included
the highest local official of the Treasurer's Office,
Justice, Engineer's Office, Schools, Health and the
It should be noted that the above executive orders had
mandated the formulation of plans for the protection
of the people during a national emergency but
literatures on this regard were absent which revealed
the sad state of the country's disaster preparedness
program even during those times. This could have also
been one of the reasons why we were caught
unprepared on December 8, 1941.
1954 - 1968
Our experience during World War II, the country's
vulnerability to all types of disasters particularly
typhoons and floods, and the nuclear arms race of the
three superpowers in the 1950's, have prompted the
government to promulgate a law - Republic Act 1190,
otherwise known as the Civil Defense Act of 1954.
Under this law, a National Civil Defense
Administration (NCDA) was established which was
tasked primarily to provide protection and welfare to
the civilian population during war or other national
emergencies of equally grave character. To support the
NCDA in carrying out its mission, RA 1190 also
provided for the establishment of civil defense
councils at the national and local levels, namely: the
National Civil Defense Council (NCDC) and the
provincial, city and municipal civil defense councils,
The NCDC was composed of the following:
Chairman, Committee on National Defense and
Security of both Houses of Congress-Member
Chief, Philippine Constabulary-Member
Commissioner of Social Welfare-Member
Manager, Philippine National Red Cross-Member
Manager, Philippine National Development Company-
Manager, Price Stabilization Council-Member
On the other hand, the organization of the local civil
defense council was not specifically provided for in the
locality but designated the Provincial Governor, City
and Municipal Mayor as the Provincial, City and
Municipal Civil Defense Director, respectively.
The municipalities and cities which were
directly under the supervision of the
Provincial Civil Defense Director relative to
civil defense services, were the main basic
operating units for the purpose
The operating services of the national and civil defense
organizations were as follows:
Rescue and Engineering Service;
Emergency Welfare Service;
Air-raid Warning Service; and
The National Civil Defense Administration, as a planning
body under the Office of the President, has been
constrained to carry out its functions effectively due to
budgetary constraints and the apathy and indifference by
the public and the government itself to NCDA's disaster
preparedness and prevention programs. But the
government's lack of interest to said programs was
somewhat reversed when the Ruby Tower building in
Manila collapsed in 1968 to a powerful earthquake, and
created a National Committee on Disaster Operation
through Administrative Order No. 151 issued on December
The composition of the Committee was as follows:
Secretary of Social Welfare-Vice-Chairman
Secretary of National Defense-Member
Secretary of Health-Member
Secretary of Public Works and Natural Resources-Member
Secretary of Commerce and Industry-Member
Secretary of Education-Member
Secretary of Community Development-Member
Commissioner of the Budget-Member
Secretary-General, Philippine National Red Cross-Member
Executive Officer - A Designated National Coordinator-
Under this Order, the national committee was created to
ensure effective coordination of operations of the different
agencies during disasters caused by typhoons, floods, fires,
earthquakes, and other calamities.
To carry out its functions effectively, the Committee
Chairman issued a Standard Operating Procedure which
prescribed for the organizational set-up for disasters from
the national down to the municipal level, their duties and
responsibilities and the preparation by concerned agencies
of their respective SOPs for the same purpose as the
Formulation of the Disaster and Calamities Plan
On October 19, 1970, as an aftermath of Typhoon
"Sening" which ravaged the Bicol Region, the flooding
of Metro Manila for almost three months, a Disaster
and Calamities Plan prepared by an Inter-
Departmental Planning Group on Disasters and
Calamities, was approved by the President. The Plan
has provided, among others, the creation of a National
Disaster Control Center
National Disaster Control Center which was composed of
Secretary of National Defense-Chairman
Executive Secretary-Overall Coordinator
Secretary of Health-Members
Secretary of Public Works and Communications-Members
Secretary of Agriculture and Natural Resources-Members
Secretary of Commerce and Industry-Members
Secretary of Education-Members
Secretary of Community Devt.-Members
Birth of the Office of Civil Defense (1973)
NCDA was abolished and transferred its functions and
personnel and those of the NDCC to a newly-created
agency - the Office of Civil Defense (OCD), which was
entrusted the mission of ensuring the protection and
welfare of the people during disasters or emergencies.
Under Letter of Implementation No. 19, Series of 1972,
the missions and functions of OCD are enumerated.
Presidential Decree 1566 and the Formal
Establishment of the NDCC, RDCC and Local
On June 11, 1978, PD 1566 was issued to strengthen the
Philippine disaster control capability and to establish a
community disaster preparedness program
Among the salient provisions of the Decree are the
State policy on self-reliance among local officials and
their constituents in responding to disasters or
Organization of disaster coordinating councils from
the national down to the municipal level;
Statement of duties and responsibilities of the
National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC),
RDCCs and LDCCs;
Preparation of the National Calamities and Disaster
Preparedness Plan (NCDPP) by OCD and
implementing plans by NDCC member-agencies;
Conduct of periodic drills and exercises; and
Authority for government units to program their funds
for disaster preparedness activities in addition to the
2% calamity fund as provided for in PD 474 (amended
by RA 8185).
The National Disaster Control Center, which was
created on October 19, 1970, is the forerunner of the
National Disaster Coordinating Council created under
PD 1566. It serves as the highest policy-making body
for disasters in the country and includes almost all
Department Secretaries as members
The original composition of the NDCC was as follows:
Minister of National Defense-Chairman
Minister of Public Works and Highways-Members
Minister of Transportation and Communications-
Minister of Social Services and Development-
Minister of Agriculture-Members
Minister of Education, Culture and Sports-Members
Minister of Finance-Members
Minister of Labor and Employment-Members
Minister of Trade and Industry-Members
Minister of Local Government and Devt.-Members
Minister of Health-Members
Minister of Natural Resources-Members
Minister of Public Information-Members
Minister of Budget-Members
Minister of Justice-Members
Presidential Executive Assistant-Members
Chief of Staff, Armed Forces of the Phils.-Members
Secretary-General, Philippine National Red Cross-
Administrator, Office of Civil Defense-Member and
The disaster coordinating councils (DCCs) from the
regional, provincial, city and municipal level, on the
other hand, are composed of representatives of
national government agencies operating at these levels
and local officials concerned
Legal Bases of the Philippine
Disaster Management System
The legal bases of our disaster management system are
Presidential Decree No. 1, s-1872, as implemented by
Presidential Letter of Implementation No. 19, s-1972,
and Presidential Decree No. 1566 dated June 11, 1978.
PD No.1 was the Integrated Reorganization Plan of
1972, which was implemented through LOI No. 19. The
said LOI defined
among others, the organization, mission and functions
of the Office of Civil Defense as a bureau under the
Department of National Defense. PD No. 1566, on the
other hand, provided for the strengthening of the
Philippine disaster control capability and establishing
a community disaster preparedness program
Salient Provisions of PD 1566
Among the salient provisions of PD 1566 are the following:
1. State policy on self- reliance among local officials and
their constituents in responding to disasters or
2. Organization of disaster coordinating councils from the
national down to the municipal level;
3. Statement of duties and responsibilities of the National
Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC), RDCC and LDCCs;
4. Preparation of the National Calamities and Disaster
Preparedness Plan (NCDPP) by OCD and
implementing plans by NDCC member-agencies;
5. Conduct of periodic drills and exercises; and
6. Authority for government units to program their
funds for disaster preparedness activities in addition to
the 2% calamity fund as provided for in PD 474
(amended by RA 8185).
THE NATIONAL CALAMITY AND DISASTER
The Philippines, being in the so-called Circum-Pacific belt
of fire and typhoon, has always been subjected to constant
disasters and calamities.
The great ocean and seas around her, while providing wide
avenues for international trade and commerce and a source
of tremendous marine resources also serve as the spawning
areas of destructive typhoons and monsoons.
In whatever part of the country we are located, the
possibility of our experiencing the gloom and the stark
reality of disasters such as floods, typhoons, tornadoes,
earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, drought,
flashflood and man-made disasters such as land, air and
sea disasters, civil strife armed conflict, etc.,
their resultant toll in lives and properties, is always present.
Everyone, even in the safety of his home, has not been
spared the sight now the feeling of loss by the terrific
disasters and calamities, not as an abstract tragedy, but in
the pictures of stunned faces of the survivors.
The primary objective of this Plan is: to ensure
effective and efficient implementation of civil
protection program thru an integrated, multi-sectoral
and community based approach and strategies for the
protection and preservation of life, property and
This Plan embraces all conceivable contingencies, making
use of all available resources, both government and private.
It also develops self-reliance by promoting and encouraging
the spirit of self-help and mutual assistance among the
local officials and their constituents.
Each political and administrative subdivision of the
country shall utilize their own resources before asking for
assistance from neighboring entities or higher authority.
While emergency preparedness is a joint responsibility of
the national and local governments, its effectiveness will
depend largely on the skills and resources and the
involvement of private organizations and the general public
in the area of disasters.
Regular exercises and drills will be conducted at all
levels to enhance the people's reaction capability and
ensure precision and spontaneity in responding to
emergencies.The Regional offices of the departments
shall provide similar support/assistance to the
Regional Disaster Coordinating Council.
This relationship shall be maintained down the line to
the Barangay Disaster Coordinating Councils and their
respective Disaster Operations Centers.Disaster
Councils at the Regional, Provincial, Municipal/City
and Barangay levels shall be established to
complement the National Disaster Coordinating
Council. Each Council shall have staff elements,
stationed in their respective operations centers
composed of the following:
Damage Assessment and Needs Analysis Unit
Emergency Management Information Service Unit
Vulnerability Risk Reduction Management Unit
Plans and Operations Unit
Each council shall provide operating units for:
Communication Transportation Service and Early
Auxiliary Fire and Police Service;
Relief and Rehabilitation Service;
Public Information Service;
and Rescue, Evacuation and Engineering Service
Regional Disaster Coordinating Council (RDCC)
The Regional Disaster Coordinating Council (hereinafter referred
to at RDCC) shall be composed of the
Regional PNP Director as Chairman, and heads of regional
offices and field stations,
National agencies and selected Non Government Organizations
(NGOs) at the regional level as member.
The Regional Governor of ARMM shall act as the Chairman and
PNP Regional Director as Vice- Chairman and the OCD Regional
Office shall be the Executive arm and secretariat and as such,
The Regional Director shall serve as the Executive Officer.
Metro Manila Disaster Coordinating Council (MMDCC)
The Chairman, Metropolitan Manila Development
Authority (MMDA) shall be the Chairman of the
Metropolitan Manila Disaster Coordinating Council
(hereinafter referred to as MMDCC) with the Mayors of the
17 Cities and Municipalities comprising Metropolitan
the Director of National Government Agencies; and Heads
of NGO's situated in the National Capital Region to be
determined by the MMDA Chairman as members.
Regional Director, Office of Civil Defense, National
Capital Region, shall act as the Executive Officer of the
Provincial Disaster Coordinating Council (PDCC)
A Provincial Disaster Coordinating Council (hereinafter
referred to as PDCC) shall be composed of
the Provincial Governor as Chairman, the Provincial
Director of the PNP as Vice-Chairman, and all organic
provincial officials, as well as of national officials
working at the provincial level, as members.
The Provincial Civil Defense Deputized Coordinators
shall act as action officer of the council.
City Disaster Coordinating Council (CDCC)
A City Disaster Coordinating Council (hereinafter
referred to as CDCC) shall be composed of the City
Mayor as Chairman, the City Director of the PNP as
Vice-Chairman and all organic city officials, as well as
all national officials working at the city level, as
The City Civil Defense Deputized Coordinators shall
act as the action Officer of the council.
Municipal Disaster Coordinating Council (MDCC)
A Municipal Disaster Coordinating Council
(hereinafter referred to as MDCC) shall be composed
of the Municipal Mayor as Chairman, the Chief of
Police of the PNP as Vice-Chairman and all organic
municipal officials, as well as all national officials
working at the municipal level, as members.
The Municipal Civil Defense Deputized Coordinators
shall act as action officer of the council.
Barangay Disaster Coordinating Council (BDCC)
A Barangay Disaster Coordinating Council (hereinafter
referred to as the BDCC) shall be composed of the
Barangay Captain as Chairman and leading persons in
the community as members.
PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES: FLOOD
BEFORE THE FLOODS
Find out the frequency of occurrence of floods in your
All family members must know the flood warning
system in your community.
Keep informed of daily weather condition.
Inquire on designated evacuation areas for families
Keep a stock of food which requires little cooking and
refrigeration; electric power may be interrupted.
Keep a transistor radio, flashlight with spare batteries,
emergency cooking equipment, candles, matches and
first aid kit handy in case of emergency.
Store supplies and other household effects above
expected flood water level.
Securely anchor weak dwellings and items.
WHEN WARNED OF FLOOD
Watch for rapidly rising waters.
Listen to your radio for emergency instructions
If necessary, evacuate to a safe area before access is
cut-off by flood waters.
Store drinking water in containers, water service may
Move household belongings to higher levels.
Get livestock to higher grounds.
Turn off electricity at the main switch in the building
before evacuating and also lock your house.
DURING THE FLOOD
Avoid areas subject to sudden flooding.
Do not attempt to cross rivers of flowing streams
where water is above the knee.
Beware of water-covered roads and bridges.
Do not go swimming or boating in swollen rivers
Eat only well-cooked food. Protect left-over against
Drink clean or preferably boiled water ONLY
AFTER THE FLOOD
Re-enter dwellings with caution using flashlights, not
lanterns or torches. There may be flammable materials
Be alert of fire hazards like broken wires.
Do not eat food or drink water until they have been
checked for flood water contamination.
Report broken utility lines (electricity, water, gas and
telephone) to appropriate agencies/authorities.
Do not turn on the main switch or use appliances and
other equipment until they have been checked by a
If necessary, consult health authorities for
Do not go "sight-seeing" in disaster areas. Your
presence might hamper rescue and other emergency
PUBLIC STORM SIGNAL NO. 1 METEOROLOGICAL
A tropical cyclone will affect the locality.
Winds of 30 - 60 kph may be expected in at least 36 hours
IMPACT OF THE WINDS:
Twigs and branches of small trees may be broken.
Some banana plants may tilt or flat on the ground.
Some houses of very light material (nipa and cogon) may
be partially unroofed.
Very light or no damage at all may be sustained by the
Rice flowering stage may suffer significant damage.
People are advised to listen to the latest Severe
Weather Bulletin issued by PAGASA every six hours
5:00 a.m., 11:00 a.m., 5:00 p.m., 11:00 p.m.
Business may be carried out as usual. When the
tropical cycloe is strong, intensifying or is moving
closer, this signal may be gradually increased. Disaster
preparedness is activated to alert status.
PUBLIC STORM SIGNAL NO. 2 METEOROLOGICAL
A moderate tropical cyclone will affect the locality.
Winds of greater than 60 kph to 100 kph may be expected in at
least 24 hours.
IMPACT OF THE WINDS
Some coconut trees may be tilted with the few others broken.
Few big trees maybe uprooted.
Many banana plants maybe destroyed.
Rice and corn maybe adversely affected.
Large nipa and cogon houses maybe partially or totally unroofed.
Some old galvanized iron roofings may roll off.
Light to moderate damage to palay in flowering stage.
The sea and coastal waters are dangerous to smaller sea crafts.
Fishermen are advised not to go to the sea.
Avoid necessary risks. Traveling by sea or air is risky.
Special attention should be given to the latest position, direction
and speed of movement and intensity of the tropical cyclone as it
may intensify and move towards the locality.
Disaster preparedness agencies and other organization are
PUBLIC STORM SIGNAL NO. 3 METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS:
A strong tropical cyclone will affect the locality.
Winds of greater than 100 kph to 185 kph may be expected in at least 18 hours.
IMPACT OF THE WINDS:
Almost all banana plant may be destroyed and a large number of trees maybe
Rice and corn crops may suffer heavy damage.
Majority nipa and cogon houses maybe uprooted or destroyed and there may
be considerable damage to structures of light to medium construction.
There maybe widespread disruption of electrical power and communication
In general, moderate to heavy damage may be expected in both the agricultural
and industrial sectors.
Travel by sea and by air is very risky.
Sea and coastal waters will be dangerous to all sea crafts.
People are advised to evacuate and stay in strong buildings.
Stay away from coasts and river banks.
Watch out for the passage of the "eye" do not venture away from shelter.
Suspend classes in all level and make sure the children stay in the safety of
The disturbance is dangerous to threatened or affected communities.
The passage of the "eye" of the typhoon is indicated by a sudden change from
bad to fair weather. Fair weather may last for one or two hours after which the
worst weather will resume with very strong winds generally coming from the
Disaster preparedness and response agencies/organization are activated to
PUBLIC STORM SIGNAL NO. 4 METEOROLOGICAL
A very intense typhoon will affect the locality.
Very strong winds of more than 185 kph may be
expected in at least 12 hours.
IMPACT OF THE WINDS:
Coconut plantation may suffer extensive damage.
Many large trees may be uprooted.
Rice and corn plantation may suffer severe damage.
* most residential and institutional buildings of mixed
construction may be severely damaged.
Electric power distribution and communication
service may be disrupted.
Damage to affected communities can be very heavy.
Cancel all travel and other outdoor activities.
Stay in safety of houses or evacuation centers.
The situation is potentially very destructive to the
Disaster coordinating councils concerned and other
disaster response organizations must respond to
TROPICAL CYCLONE WARNING PRECAUTIONARY
Before the storm comes...
Reinforce your home to withstand wind and flooding.
Learn about typhoon and other disturbances, their
signs and warning, effects and dangers, and how to
protect your family, yourself and your property.
Educate the members of your family on preparedness
and protection from tropical cyclones.
Re-check your roof for leaks and loose roofing
thatches or GI sheets and other needed repairs. Ensure
that the main structural elements of your roof are
secured to the top beams of your houses.
Install guy wires or buttresses to the main structural
columns of your house to reinforce its anchorage to the
Store adequate supply of food and drinking water.
Prepare flashlights, batteries, matches, kerosene
lamps or candles in anticipation of power failure.
During the emergency, keep your radio on and listen to the
latest report and PAGASA bulletin and announcement.
When a typhoon, tropical depression or tropical storm
strikes, stay indoors and do not go near windows.
Check on everything that may be blown away or turned
loose. Flying objects become dangerous during typhoons.
If the "eye" of the storm passes over your place, there may
be a lull lasting for a few minutes to half an hour. Stay in
safe place. Make emergency repairs if necessary, but
remember the wind will blow suddenly from the opposite
direction, frequently with even greater violence.
Cut off loose tree branches and excessive foliage or leaves.
Severe flooding may follow typhoon. Stay away from river
banks and streams.
If your house is not safe, move to a designated evacuation
center and stay there until the storm has completely
Slightly open a window or door at the side of the house
opposite form where the wind comes from to avoid
pressure build up.
Be calm. Your ability to meet the emergency will inspire
and help others.
Philippine National Police recognizes the fear and
terror wrought in the hearts of our citizens as a result
of the recent spate of bombings in Metro Manila and
other parts of the country.
These incidents have left a number of people dead,
maimed or seriously injured.
This material is designed to provide you with essential
information on handling bomb threats and incidents.
What are Bombs?
A bomb is a device capable of producing damage to
material and injury or death to people when detonated
or ignited. Bombs are classified as follows:
Explosive - a bomb that causes damage by
fragmentation, heat and blast.
Incendiary - a bomb that generates fire-producing
heat without a substantial explosion when ignited.
WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF BOMB THREATS
When an anonymous caller reports that a bomb has been
placed in any establishment, the procedure outlined below
should be followed:
The person receiving the call should:
Attempt to keep the caller on the line and record the
conversation, noting down or remembering the exact words
of the person making the threat.
Try to know when the bomb is set to explode, where it is,
what it looks like, who placed the bomb and the reason for
Note the time and duration of the call.
Note the background noises and voice characteristics, male or
female, young, middle-aged or old, tone and accent.
Note the time and duration of the call.
Note the background noises and voice characteristics,
male or female, young, middle-aged or old, tone and
The switchboard operator, should there be one, should
be instructed to turn on the tape recorder (if available,
to record the caller's voice print.)
Upon receipt of the bomb threat, the person receiving
the call will immediately notify the chief administrator
of the establishment, who in turn will direct all
occupants/public stay outside in a safe holding area at
least 300 feet away from the building.
The administrator or operator/owner must also notify
the PNP (in case in Metro Manila, NCRPO should be
contacted through 117 while in the provinces, contact
the Office of the Police Regional Director or the Chief
of Police Station or the Fire Protection Services)
In the meantime that the PNP elements are being awaited,
security officer/guards should secure all entrances of the
building to prevent any person from entering the building.
If more than one threat is made in a month, the
administrator, operator/owner should make arrangement
with the telephone company to monitor and trace the
telephone calls for a period of time.
The administrator or operator/owner should be made
available, if requested by the PNP elements, personnel to
assist in the search for the bomb.
Never allow anybody or any person to get inside of the
building unless declared safe by the bomb disposal team.
WHAT TO DO IN CASE A BOMB OR SUSPECTED
BOMB IS LOCATED
Do not touch or move unknown objects
Move away (at least 300 feet) from the bomb
WHERE TO REPORT BOMB THREATS/BOMBING
STREET WATCH HOTLINE 117
INFORMATION MONITORING CENTER PNP -
PUBLIC INFORMATION CENTER
Address: Camp Crame, Quezon City
Tel Nos:724-87-66 / 722-31-79 / 725-51-15
725-3179 / 723-04-01 local 3313
PNP EXLOSIVES AND ORDINANCE DETECTION
UNIT (EODU) 721-85-44
SCENE OF CRIME OPERATIONS (SOCO) PNP
Address: Camp Crame, Quezon City
NATIONAL CAPITAL POLICE OFFICE REGIONAL
TACTICAL OPERATIONS CENTER (NCRPO, ROTC)
Address: Camp Bagong Diwa, Bicutan
Taguig, Metro Manila
Tel Nos:837.20.94 / 837-24-71 local 743