PROJECT PROPOSAL - DOC 3 by I0FVNFi

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									                 Odanadi Seva Samsthe’s WAH Proposal:
                      Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: Has construction of the rehab center started? (It looks like it has since Asha has          Formatted
already provided some funds for it). What is the total Remaining cost of the
structure and when is the estimated completion date?

        Yes, construction of the rehabilitation center has been started. A photograph of
the Odanadi building (od_building.jpg) is available at

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/TheRameshFiles/files/odanadi_wah2003/

Pictures of the plan (Plan3.jpg) and blueprint (blueprint.jpg) have also been posted. The
photograph was taken in the first week of December. The current status is that the roof
and walls have been built for 2 floors.

          The total funds that have been raised so far are Rs. 21.5 lakhs and we require
another 34 lakhs (excluding Architect and Contractor fee). The Govt. of India has
promised another 12.5 lakhs that is expected to be released in the next year. The
estimated completion date depends on the funding, but I estimate it to be around the April
of next year.

Q2: Could you provide some more details as to the Government's involvement with                 Formatted
this project, e.g. do they provide other support besides monetary. How much do
they fund per year?

          Besides providing monetary support (Rs. 25 lakhs for the building, of which Rs.
12.5 lakhs has been already handed), the Government has shown support through the
police and administrative departments. There are always some police inspectors who
accompany the Odanadi team when they crack down on the traffickers. In addition, the
police stations from nearby regions, even those from across the state, often send rescued
girls to Odanadi for rehabilitation. Recently, Odanadi was conferred the Republic Day
Award, by the Government of Karnataka, in recognition of their work. Under the
"Swadhar" scheme, the Government recently provided about Rs. 7.5 lakhs (will check the
number) for the rehabilitation of the rescued girls. This money is to be used exclusively
to hire counselors and to rehabilitate the girls. The opinion and experiences of ‘Odanadi’
related to the issue of trafficking and sexual exploitation are well taken by the state and
central government in various policy-making processes.                                          Formatted


Q3: How much money has already been raised for the construction and through                     Formatted
what means?

          The total estimate for the construction of the building is Rs. 64 lakhs (as per the
original estimate). So far, funding has been raised from the following sources:
         Asha - Cornell :            Rs. 1 Lakh
         Local Donations:            Rs. 1.85 Lakhs
         Asha – Silicon Valley:      Rs. 6.10 Lakhs
         Govt. of India:             Rs. 12.5 Lakhs
                                  ==================
         Total (approx):             Rs. 21.5 Lakhs
                                  ==================

          In addition, outstanding funds of Rs.12.5 lakhs are expected from the funding
from Govt. of India during next year. The Govt. of India allocated/promised a total of Rs.
25 lakhs.

Q4: How likely is it that the remainder of the funds will come in and through what            Formatted
sources?

          We are looking for Rs. 15 lakhs through WAH. Odanadi is confident of raising
the money from other organizations. Back in Aug 02, when Ramesh DodamaniI first
visited the project, they had only the foundation, and about Rs. 1.4 lakhs. Considering the
progress so far this should be feasible.

Q5: How long has Asha supported this project (just adding up the years gives us 7             Formatted
years, but is this 7 continuous years, or is there some overlap)?

          Cornell has been supporting this project from 2000, while UIUC has supported
the project for two years starting 2001. The Silicon Valley (2002), UC Irvine (2000) and
Dallas (2003) chapters have supported Odanadi for a year each. I Tbelieve the 7 years
that have been counted is probably a sum total of the years supported by Cornell, UIUC,
Dallas, Silicon Valley and UC Irvine. Partial details of the support can be found at the
central    ashanet     web      page     http://www.ashanet.org/projects/project-
view.php?p=129

We are trying to get the details for each funding decisions.

Q6: How many girls/children have graduated/moved on from the school and what                  Formatted
have they progressed to?

          Sometimes, the parent wants to take away the resident child from Odanadi, as
he/she may feel that he/she is capable of taking care of the child. This is usually because
they have moved on to some other occupation or are in a better position. Of the rescued
girls, some
     have continued their studies                                                            Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
     have taken up jobs after vocational training
     have gotten married if they are above 18
     have taken up self-employment

(Will get back with more details.)
Q7: What is the cultural training program? It seems to be a high-cost venture and I             Formatted
am not sure what the benefit/aim of it is.
          Well-known experienced folk artists will be used to teach the children about the
dances and delivering of the songs and dialogues. There will be many resource persons
teaching different things. Children will be taught to play various traditional folk
instruments. These programs are of song and dance type, as well as street dramas. To
make the campaign effective and noticeable, the children will be dressed in traditional
dresses (who will notice a group of children dressed in old clothes?). These dresses as
well as the musical instruments cost money. (Will get details of the cost)

          The main objective the campaign is to create awareness among the villagers
about the burning issues like trafficking. The duration of the cultural campaign is about a
week. Three to four villages can be covered in a day. Approximately around 30
programs will be organized within a week time. For this purpose a mini bus will be hired
to cover a distance of 200 km per day. The above is one part of the total awareness
program planned by Odanadi (based on funds available). Different strategies and
available resources will be adopted to propagate the concept of anti-trafficking program
and to awake the people against the traffickers. Wall paintings, discussions, posters, street
plays, documentaries, rallies etc. will be planned as a part of awareness program.

          The cost for the cultural training has to be viewed with the impact in mind.
Unlike many other programs this is a wide reach, high impact campaign targeted at
creating awareness

Q8: In what ways does reintegration of rescued girls happen? i.e. how well are they             Formatted
accepted, what do they do, what training is provided to them? How are social
stigmas dealt with?

         Please see section 4.3 in the current proposal available at
http://www.ashanet.org/projects-new/documents/129/OdanadiWAHfinal.doc

It provides details of the rehabilitation and reintegration procedure through counseling,
support and follow-up.

Q9: What are the duties of the staff for whom salaries are requested under the                  Formatted
WAH project?                                                                                    Formatted
                                                                                                Formatted


The following persons will be in the team under WAH project.

a) Project Coordinator:                                                                         Formatted


         The main responsibility of the project coordinator is to co-ordinate the day-to-day
operations of the program. He is in-charge of the project and responsible for its execution
and maintain the finances. He supervises the work of the team and guides them on to the
right track.
b) Residential Supervisor:                                                                       Formatted


       The residential supervisor is an essential member of the team and she takes care
of the children at Odanadi at the residential home and acts as the guardian. Her main
responsibility is to look after the children and she acts as the liaison between the
organization and the residential program.

c) Cook:                                                                                         Formatted


       The responsibility of the cook is to prepare food for the children thrice a day
(breakfast + 2 lunch + evening snacks) and guest refreshment.

d) Accountant:                                                                                   Formatted
                                                                                                 Formatted
       The accountant looks after the daily financial transactions and maintains the
accounts and financial books. In addition, she is responsible for balancing the budget for
the program.

e) Security person:                                                                              Formatted


        The target group of this project is girls rescued from vulnerable situations. During
the daytime, the women staff is tied-up with taking care of the children and hence a
security guard is necessary to keep vigil and guard the premises and prevent destructive
elements from targeting the inmates and the project.

f) Office assistant:                                                                             Formatted


        The office assistant renders support to the project coordinator in addition to
assisting with the operations of the project.

Q10: How much support does Odanadi get from the State Police during the rescue                   Formatted
operations?                                                                                      Formatted


        Odanadi gets very little support from the State Police. However, on the day of the
raid, the Odanadi team takes a head constable or a Sub-inspector with them so that they
see the traffickers being caught red-handed.

Q11: Why does not Odanadi leave the Police to handle rescue operations as well as                Formatted
exposing the trafficking networks? Wouldn’t Odanadi’s effort be better spent on
improving the infrastructure and capabilities to serve more children?

        If all Odanadi did was take care of the children, then they would have been yet
another NFE and no different from many of the projects supported by Asha. They have
taken up a cause which no other group or institution wants to handle. Bringing the
traffickers to book is not a high priority for the police. If the police come across any case,
then MAYBE they will take some action. But in most cases due to political connections,
the culprits go unpunished. On the other hand, the hundreds of young girls who are
forcibly pushed into prostitution are deprived of their right to live and justice, and they
have no one to turn to. Here are a few examples:

        Example 1: A guy by the name of Vishwa Sagar was running a residential school          Formatted
for boys and girls rescued from child labor. He was also the president of the Campaign
Against Child Labor coalition in Karnataka. Odanadi came across a girl who was
molested many times by Sagar and made pregnant and later forced to undergo an
abortion. It was found that Sagar was doing this to a lot of girls in the school he was
running for the past few years. Odanadi put in an enormous amount of effort in
investigating and uncovering the facts in this case (costing more than Rs 30,000, funded
by a few Asha and AID volunteers). Court cases were filed against him, the NHRC
conducted an investigation, the state COD initiated an investigation, and a warrant was
issued for his arrest. He absconded; the police couldn't trace him and were asking
Odanadi to find him. The above coalition members, consisting of 50 NGOs woke up to
the issue and are more vigilant to abuse of children in their organizations.

       When Odanadi heard about the case they did not want to do anything (only)
because they did not have the money. Had Odanadi stuck to serving the children, would
an awareness as that created by this case possible?

         Example 2: This is about a 13-year-old girl Pavitra who was in 9th class, and was     Formatted
married off as the second wife of a 25-year old who already had a child. The girl was          Formatted
very interested in studies, but neither the in-laws nor her parents wanted any of it. So she
ran away from home, and was kidnapped by an unscrupulous couple (most likely to
shipped off to a distant brothel). She escaped and was brought to Odanadi. Year’s back,
her parents had tied her up in gunny bag and were going to drop her in a river, the reason
being that she was a girl child. Somebody saved her, though. Anyway, later her parents
and in-laws came to Odanadi and threatened the staff to release the girl. Since she was a
minor girl, and did not want to go back home, she would not be sent unless her parents
filed a case (of say kidnapping) against Odanadi. They wouldn't do that because they had
married off a minor girl. The Deputy Commissioner of Mysore (who is the dist.
magistrate) supported Odanadi and allowed the girl to stay with them. So her parents
(who are dalits) spread false rumors and instigated the dalits in Mysore to threaten the
people at Odanadi. About 150 people gathered at Odanadi with weapons and kerosene to
kill the people and burn down the building. Parashu single-handedly resisted all of them.
When the police were called, they came, but 8 hours later.

        Pavitra now lives at Odanadi and caught up with the studies. Even though she
missed several months of school, she has worked hard and is confident of passing the
class this year. It would have been very easy for Odanadi to ignore this case and let
Pavitra become one of the thousands of girls subjected to social injustice. But they didn't.
Do you think they did the right thing?

      Example 3: Lakshmi is a girl who was abused sexually by her brother since she            Formatted
was young. When she was a teenager, she became pregnant due to her brother's advances.
Later the guy sold her off to an international gang involved in trafficking in Kerala. She
was thus forced into prostitution. Odanadi later rescued her and caught her brother who
was handed over to the police. The guy feigned sick and was hospitalized. But he
escaped. He then would make anonymous calls to the girl at Odanadi and threaten her
with dire consequences if she did not come to him. She was in constant fear of him. The
Odanadi team was in constant lookout for him. So once when he called they trapped him.
He later related how the girls were being lured from rural areas by postmen, telephone
operators, police constables acting as agents. He was handed over to the COD in
Bangalore for further investigation where he led to the network of people in the ring. The
Odanadi team later apprehended the leader of the international gang in Kerala. But the
police refused to cooperate, for the very same reason suggested above, that Odanadi stick
to charity and get into police affairs. I don’t know where the gang leader is today, but if
was let go, then he is merrily luring away more girls to be shipped off to the brothels in
Kerala and the gulf countries.

         Since the brother was caught, Lakshmi is very much relieved and a much happier
girl. Is the life of one such girl Lakshmi, worth the effort that goes into it? There are lots
of such cases, and many times the Odanadi team have put their lives at risk. That is the
cause they have taken up and intend to continue working for. Do you still think they
should stop?

Q12: How long does a typical rescue operation take and can you provide more                      Formatted
details about the rescue operations?

        The duration of travel during the rescue operation cannot be anticipated and
specified. Normally this operation covers a long distance with long working hours,
which starts from the supply areas (from where girls are trafficked) and carries the
operation on inter-state level including the demand areas of towns and metropolis. An
average of 15-20 days is required to conduct one rescue operation. Details of two rescue
operations are provided in the appendix as examples.

                                                                                                 Formatted

The following are questions which were discussed at the Conference call. We are
putting them for availability to everyone.

   Raj, one of the reviewers, gave three reasons why this project nicely fits in to WAH:
   a) Special children
   b) A number of Asha chapters have had past
    association with Odanadi
   c) A larger fraction of the amount of funds requested is for infrastructure.


Q13. Isn't Rs. 64 lakhs too much for supporting 25 rescued girls?                                Formatted


Ans : There are currently 23 rescued girls in 'Prayoga
Patha'. However, the rehabilitation center has been designed to support a total of 100
girls/children. So this amount is for building a center for 100 girls. Also, this group is a
fluid one, girls leave after Odanadi succesfuly helps them reintegrate either through
a profession or through contact with their family. So, the infrastructure, which is going to
be good for about 20 years would impact a lot more people than the capacity
Q14. Provide an overview of the funding that has been                                          Formatted
received for the building construction.

Ans : We reviewed the list that Anirban has already sent in the FAQ document.                  Formatted
 Asha cornell gave the initial investment, Asha SV gave some money, and GOI gave 25
lakhs approved, out of which Rs. 12.5 Lakhs has been given. Currently they
 have raised 34 lakhs. Among the Rs.30 lakhs that is needed, Odanadi has requested
WAH for Rs. 15 lakhs.

Q15. If Odanadi has already done this well with raising                                        Formatted
funds, maybe they can manage without WAH support. So, wouldn't WAH funds be
better spent on other projects?

ANS : No. All said and done Rs. 30 lakhs is a lot of money and Odanadi cannot expect to
raise any more money from the Govt. of India. By requesting only half the necessary
funds, they are putting a lot of pressure on themselves to find alternate sources and in the
mean time demonstrate a confidence that they can raise these funds, But, if WAH does
not fund them it is going to ve extremely hard for the to raise the funds and the
rehabilitation center would be delayed. Even the current building for Prayoga Patha had
been built in 1995 through funding by CRY .                                                    Formatted


Q15 . How does Odanadi deal with transparency of funding sources? Specifically,                Formatted
does Odanadi disclose this information to the women, children, local people &
others that support Odanadi.

ANS : We agree to the suggestion of "active disclosure" by declaring the assets
 to the interested community to ensure transparency. As of now, the account books are
open to the public and any peson who is interested can talk to any of the staff or
 volunteers and find out about the sources of income. So, Odanadi is very transparent
about the funding sources.

Q16 . In the past, how have they managed to collect recurring expenses for the                 Formatted
rescue + trafficking operations.

ANS : They have raised these funds in various ways, a) local donations b) UNIFEM c)
Govt, under the Swadhar scheme.

[We did not provide actual details of the
funding amounts. Jai will take the action item of
including more information, esp the Swadhar scheme, in
the FAQ document.]
                                                                                               Formatted
Q17. How have they managed to raise fund for the educational expenses?

ANS : CRY funded them initially from 1995. After three years they slowly pulled out
due to lack of funds. Odanadi managed with funding from other sources, esp
 various Asha chapters.
Q18. In the examples that we have provided in the proposal and the FAQ, we                     Formatted
mention of incidents were goondas and others have tried to attack the staff and
inmates of Odanadi. How does Odanadi handle the security issues?

ANS : Odanadi has a security guard to handle such incursions. In addition, Parashu is a
well-built guys who has in the past managed to single-handedly tackle
 such elements. Just goes on to show how brave these folks are in handling such
situations.

Also Asha-SV has funded the construction of a compound wall(which is nearing
completion) which will prevent incursions by unrulyelements. In addition, one of the
activists Nagamani, who was beaten up by the policebadly during one of the earlier cases,
that too when she was pregnant,is a brave woman who can challenge the goondas etc.


Q19. Raj made a comment that everyone in Asha should realise that,if we decide to              Formatted
fund, we will be funding a project that takes-on the system rather than playing
 a passive role. There is a possibilty that this mayresult in publicity for Asha where
we are perceived as supporting a confrontational project, esp the rescue +
 anti-trafficking operation. He was also quick to add that he does not have a
problem with this and he just feels that Odanadi is doing a good job, but wanted
 everyone in Asha to realise this.

ANS : We stated that, given the nature of the special children, organizations that work
towards helping the trafficked girls would have to deal with this scenario. Vested
interests would certainly attempt to cause trouble. So, Asha should not shy away from
 supporting such a project.

                                                                                               Formatted
 Q20. How good are they [government facilities] in the area? Are the children
taking care of well ?

 Ans : We are not too sure how good the government agencies are. The only govt facility
that is available is the govt hospital in Mysore city, where the children are taken
when they get ill or need treatment. The facility is not bad. We will try to get information
about the remand homes.

Q21. How does Odanadi get access to the girls rescued by the police from the                   Formatted
brothels and held in the Govt. detention center?

 Ans: We do not have any direct knowledge of this. We know that Odanadi is well
known among police sources, both in Karnataka and other parts of India. Probably this
helps them keep in touch with the rescued girls in the remand homes . Often the girls
themselves express interest in talking to and taking shelter with Odanadi . One example is
given in the project document in which one of the rescued girls, kept in the Govt
detention center had a very emotional counselling center with an Odanadi volunteer .
After that, Odanadi has been pleading with the judiciary and the Human Rights
Commission in the area to consider her case with sympathy and get her released . They
have had positive responses .

Actually Odanadi does not go directly to get the rescued girls from the
detention centers unless they feel that the girls are unjustly held or
sufficient due-diligence is done by the police. Usually it the police and
the govt that send the girls to Odanadi to be rehabilitated/temporarily
housed. This includes the police/govt from other states.


Q22. Is Odanadi well known throughout India or                                                 Formatted
Karnataka?

 Ans :
 There have also been instances were police from Bombay and Delhi have
 contacted Odanadi about rescued girls. There are press clippings on the Odanadi web
page(http://www.geocities.com/odanadisevatrust/clpindex.html) of such a rescue
operation.

Addition : Yes, they are well known among the NGOs, Police and govt in Karnataka as            Formatted
well as in other states. Every year, a IPS officers, people from international relief
organizations, govt officers visit Odanadi to understand the issues of trafficking as well
as the work being done by Odanadi.

Q23 . What happens to the women that have been rescued by                                      Formatted
Odanadi? How long do they stay in Odanadi and what
after that?

 Ans: Odanadi treats the women on a case-by-case basis. Rescued girls are provided
counseling and if possible reintegrated with their family. Otherwise, based on
 their interest they are provided vocational training. For example, two women were given
beautician training and are currently working in beauty parlors. There are at least 20 girls
who have been taught weaving and chosen that as a profession. In all more than 350
women have been rehabilitated . Odanadi uses its contacts to provide economic
rehabilitation for other women.

Q24. How would Odanadi raise the recurring expenses                                            Formatted
after the end of the 'one year support' from WAH?

 Ans: If the infrastructure expenses are taken care of they have less of a worry in raising
funds. They would typically try to raise these funds from various
 organizations, including Asha. Odanadi have also recently instituted a 'Your Odanadi'
(Support a Child) program & 'Odanadi Nidhi' and Odanadi Fellow (corpus fund) aimed
towards self-sufficiency. We would also assume that the Asha chapters would continue to
provide some funding in the future years. Ramesh Dodamani is actively looking into
making Odanadi a "Asha-Star" project.

Q25. If they already have a 'Support a Child' program,                                        Formatted
why has this not been excluded from the budget?

 Ans: Because, they have only recently instituted this program and have not managed to
raise funds from this program, yet.

 Q26. Are any Asha chapters considering to fund under 'Support a Child' program.              Formatted
In the future, would any of these Asha chapters be willing to step in if some of
 the donors of the 'Support a Child' program pull out of the funding.

 Ans: Asha Dallas has not discussed this issue. Asha Cornell has already discussed this
and they are seriously considering this scheme and will make a decision after the WAH
funding. If donors pull out of the program in the future, depending on a case-by-case
 basis Asha chapters could consider to pitch in.


Appendix: Sample Rescue Operations (needs to be cleaned-up)
                                                                                              Formatted
Example 1: Trafficking network involved in flesh trade                                        Formatted


        On 12.08.2002, after four months of hard work and through a pre-planned
operation Odanadi was able to expose a high-tech trafficking network involved in
prostitution across the state. The group network headed by a brothel owner, Choodamani
alias “mobile- Choodamani” (graduated from Mysore University) and one Mariswamy,
an employee of Vikrant Tyres, Mysore wasere caught red-handed., Twhile two minor
girls – Sheela, a Lambani girl from a remote village of Raichur and Madhu of Satanur,
Mandya District were rescued during the operation. This particular group seemed to be a
well-connected and devious group using cell-phones for communicaions. They were also
being backed by lot of muscle power and political clout.

The persons involved in this criminal network were using sophisticated techniques,
mobile phones and tricks to trap the girls into prostitution backed by invisible muscle and
political powers.

        Choodamani, popularly known as ‘Mobile Choodamani’ (aged 43 years), has
been leading her own gang for 12 years in supplying girls for sex-trade and domestic-
slavery. Her husband was an employee in the health department. After deserting him due
to a family dispute, she started living with Mariswamy, alias Swamy (46 years) who was
working in Vikrant Tyres, undertaken by the Government of Karnataka. It is has been
revealed in subsequent investigations that this couple had links to the film industry and
used these connections to lure the girls into the sextrade-network. Choodamani is well-
educated, having graduated in 1979 (matriculation ?) and is well-versed in a couple of        Formatted
languages including English. In order to protect themselves, this couple used to move         Formatted
around very frequently and set up new brothels at different places. Mariswamy, who also
served as the Joint Secretary of Vikrant Tyres Employees Union, also used to force these
girls into sex as bribery for his political motives .trafficking the girls for sex-trade and
domestic slavery for the past 12 years with the assistance of her own troop of gangsters.
Due to a family dispute between Choodamani and her husband who was an employee in
health department, she deserted him and started living with Mariswamy alias Swamy (46
years) of Vikrant Tyres – under taken by Govt. of Karnataka. It was revealed that this
couple had close contact with film industry and under the garb of this they used to lure
the poor village girls for various immoral activities including prostitution. Choodamani
graduated in 1979 and is well versed in multiple languages including English. It was
found that this couple used to change their brothels from place to place and from time to
time. Mariswamy who also served as Joint Secretary of Vikrant Tyres Employees Union
was gaining political mileage by pledging the innocent girls for sex.

Moduse of Operandi:

        The network created by this couple was a highly profitable and organized one that
stretched extended across the state to other metropolitan cities. As an instance, we found
a Lambani minor girl from a village in Raichur being dressed up as a convent-schoolgirl
and earning Rs 5000-10,000 from each customer for her “Madam”. During the operation
it was found that the couple had informers and assistants who were organized in village-
level, district-level and for the cities and towns. We strongly suspect that they have
informers from the tribal communities also. Unlike the other brothel-owners,
Choodamani used to provide the girls with good food, liquor, medicine and clothing so as
to be able to keep her business flourishing. Most of the girls she employed were either
orphans or were facing problems of seperated parents. They used to bring these girls to
Bangalore and Mysore by promising them good jobs or a career in the film industry.
Another typical feature of this couple was that they used to keep each girl in their brotherl
for only a few months before selling them off to other sex-traders in other red-light
areas.



The rate charged by each girl really depended on the how affluent each customer was.
The minimum rate charged was Rs. 5000 . Most of the customers were from the local
business community. One rescued girl told the activists that she used to charge Rs 10,000
from a non-local customer and upto Rs 15,000 from foreigners. The investment on each
girl was meagre compared to the amount of profits that they used to bring in. They were
used merely as instruments in this whole transaction. One particularly horrifying instance
of the inhumanity perpetrated is illustrated by the fact that Choodamani used hormone
injections and other medicines to boost the physical growth of her girls, thus making
them more attractive to the customers. 10% of their earnings was used for their make-up,
slippers, costumes and for other trainings.
        Their network was highly systematic and widely stretched across the state, and to
the other metropolitans also. It is amazing to find an illiterate Lambani minor girl from a
village in Raichur, dressed up like a convent girl, use to earn her madam a sum of
Rs.5,000 to Rs.10,000 from a customer. This example indicates the deeply routed foot
prints of Choodamani and Mariswamy in sex trafficking from a remote village to the
demand areas. During the operation it is found that this couple had their own procurers
in different stages like village, district, towns, cities and to the metropolitans. We
strongly suspect that they must be having strong contact with a few tribal communities.
Unlike the existing methods of taming the girls in prostitution, Choodamani use to look
after the girls well with good food, liquor, clothing and medicines to keep her girls
charming ones. Most of the trapped girls are either orphans or facing the problems of
broken families. It was revealed that this couple use to approach the teenage girls from
rural families and bring them to Bangalore and Mysore promising good jobs and roles in
film industry. As a part of their technique Choodamani and Mariswamy use to hold the
girls hostage for a couple of months in brothels and later on sell them to middle men who
supply to the red light areas and to other sophisticated brothels.



Based on infromation supplied by Mrs Bharati, an Odandi activist, a group was formed
comprising of sixteen members, including Stanly Parashu, Mr. Nethra Raju – Press
photographer of ‘Times of India’, advocate Smt. Shobha, activists of Karnataka Rajya
Raitha Sangha, media persons and a police personnel. Four vehicles and Autos were
hired for this operation. Mr Nagaraj, a Odanadi volunteer had been able to contact
Choodamani on her mobile(9844119971). For the past two months, Nagaraj had been
maintaining the contact with Choodamani and trying to lure her into selling two a
beautiful minor girl for a large sum of money. A sum of Rs 4000 was given out in
advance, with the the notes being properly marked for later identification. They decided
that the rest of the payment and the transfer of the girls will be done on 12th of August,    Formatted
2002. A FIR was lodged at the Jayalakshmi Puram Police station of Mysore as a
precautionary step and inorder to get police protection. As planned earlier, all the
members of the Odanadi group were waiting near the B.M Hospital and kept contact
through mobile-phones. Around 4 p.m. Choodamani arrived at that place on her Kinetic
Honda, being accompanied by the two girls. Nagaraj was waiting in his Santro. After
they met, all four of them drove off in the Santro. The other group members followed
them on cars, while maintaining a reasonable distance. As per the plan, Nagaraj had not
brought the rest opf the money and struck up a quarrel with Choodamani. She even tried
to call members of her gang on her phone. She finally agreed to part with just one girl for
the amount of money being offered. Suddenly after that she decided to get down and call
off the deal. She called up Mariswamy, who was also apparently following them in
another car, to pick them from from there. Meanwhile, the Odanadi group reached that
place and Choodamani and Mariswamy were arrested under PITA 4 & 5 and 366, 366(A)
of IPC for kidnapping and procuring minor girls.
        The rate of earning through a girl was based on the economic condition of the
customer but not less than Rs.5,000/-. Most of their customers were business people,
politicians and black money holders. A rescued girl told the activists that she use to earn
Rs.10,000 from inter state customer and upto Rs.15,000 from a foreigner. The
percentage of investment on each girl was very meager as compare to their daily
earnings. Unfortunately, the girls were mere instruments in the sex-trade benefiting
themselves three meals a day, glittering costumes, alcohol and medicines. It was also
told that Choodamani use to supply harmone injections and other medicines to boost the
physical growth of the minors. 10% of their earnings was used for their make-up,
slippers, costumes and for other trainings.

        On a tip of information collected by Mrs. Bharati, an activist of Odanadi, a
trapping net was formed comprising sixteen activists which included Stanly Parashu, Mr.
Nethra Raju – Press photographer of ‘Times of India’, advocate Smt. Shobha, activists of
Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha, media persons and a police personnel. Four vehicles
and hired Aatos were used for this operation. According to the plan Mr. Nagaraj, a
Odanadi volunteer who could able to contact Choodamani on her mobile no.
9844119971. From the past two months, Nagaraj successfully maintained a pseudo
relationship with Choodamani through mobile contact and carefully employed a scheme
in action and lured Choodamani of purchasing the beautiful minor girls for higher amount
of money. A sum of Rs. 4,000 (each note had a signature and date) was given in
advance. The date of full payment and handing over the girls was decided as 12th August
2002. A complaint was lodged with Jayalakshmi Puram Police station of Mysore as a
legal information and to take police protection. As planned earlier, all the activists
scattered in distances from B.M. Hospital. Most of them had mobiles phones to contact
each other. Around 4 p.m. everything was decided and prepared. Choodamani came
with the two girls in her kinetic honda and reached the place as promised Nagaraj. Mr.
Nagaraj was waiting in white santro car to meet Choodamani along with the girls. All the
persons were seated inside and the car moved from west towards east with careful driving
so as to keep proper approximation between the santro and the other vehicles were
behind. Since Mr. Nagaraj has deliberating not brought the remaining amount of money,
Choodamani took up quarrel and began to call her men. The conversation resulted in a
heat wave between them. Choodamani wanted the deal instead of two girls she was
ready to part with one because the stake amount was not fulfilled even though Mr.
Nagaraj has promised that he would pay the balance in his farm house. In this regard
contacted over phone, the lady believed the whole issue.

       But the lady wanted to get down all of a sudden reasons known to her, the car was
stopped but she could not escape from the clutches of Odanadi activists and the other
prosecuting agencies. This is anti climax of the whole operation.

        In continuation of the above climax the interesting point Odanadi activists and the
car in which Mr. Nagaraj and associates were moving on the vehicles that were moving
carefully approximate. The whole net was moving in concerned with one another.

       The car in which Mr. Nagaraj along with Choodamani had developed a great heat
wave over the stake value, perhaps Mr. Nagaraj purposefully played the card to create the
problem and confusing the party even she went up to a point to contact rowdies her over
mobile phone. In this process, one Mr. Mariswamy a senior employee of Vikrant Tyres
who was working with close contact with Choodamani was also following the car to pick
her back from the point to be alighted. The law took its course of action (PITA 4 & 5 and
366, 366(A) of IPC under kidnapping and procuring minor girls). The above said two
girls meniotned above belonging one from North Karnataka and other from Satanur
village of Mandya. belonging to very poor family.

Sheela (a rescued girl):

An young illiterate girl from Lambani community,y s. She became a helpless victim of
flesh trade age at an early age 12 years. helpless and lonely, Choodamani took the undue
advantage of her situation After being taken to Choodamani’s brothels, Sheela being an
illiterate learnted Kannada, Hindi and other languages and started to use liquors. She also
played small side-roles in some films. Sheela wanted to b made into a “modenr call-girl”
and therefore agreed to be subjected to Deconuerobolin injections. After being rescued
she is currently at the Mysore Remand Home. and other

habits including liquors and small side roles in films. Girl became lured over she was
taken to made a modern call girl like including Deconuerobolin injections after being
rescued she is in Mysore Remand Home, no need to say Choodamani and Mariswamy are
in the jail. Other person namely garment manager is absconding.

Madhu (a rescued girl):

Madhu is also an illiterate girl from a fisherman’s family in Mandya in the Satanur
village. Her brother refused to take care of her and she was finally lured by the sextrade-
agents and sold to Choodamani. Beiong a minor, she was placed at the government
remand home initially after the rescue. Odanadi activists want to point out at this point at
her case to illustrate how much of a trauma these girls have to go through, having been
lured once into the clutches of such traffickers.

In an emotionally charged outburst, the girl confided in Mrs Shobha, a Odanadi volunteer
and sought help from them. Odanadi has contacted the concerned state governement
authorities besides the princial Secretary of the Women and Child Development
Program, Mrs Shobha Nambisan in a bid to take up the cause of this poor girl to help her
reintegrate with society. Odanadi has also assumerd them of full cooperation at any stage.
The prosecution in the case, the judiciary and the government officials have promised to
handle her case with care and sympathy.


An illiterate girl from Mandya belonging to Satanur village a fisher group family an
orphan not care by her own brother somehow reached Bangalore lured by the agents and
ultimately sold to Choodamani. Being minor she safety rescued and secured in
government remand home. Odanadi wants and makes aware the public how the evil
could work where there is a drought (illustration from Gujarat) and battered children and
innocent children generally lured at by small ambitions that is no wonder if we say such a
shock these sufferred in the hands of Mobile Choodamani would take number of months
to become normal.
        An emotional event that girl was willing to Odanadi convincing her feelings with
a lady member Mrs. Shobha and started crying. Odanadi has contacted the concerned
authorities, state government and women and child development department Principal
Secretary Mrs. Shobha Nambisan, and other higher authorities to take up the cause and
reviewed. At appropriate stages, Odanadi has also assured full cooperation at any stage
without any hesitation. Of course, the prosecution authority and the government officials
have given full support over the issue.

       As a further legal step Odaandi also approached NHRC and filed a complaint
against the trafficker’s network seeking justice to the survivorexploited women s and
requesting to conduct a higher level of enquiry into the sex-trade network. Thanks to the
NHRC which has considered the complaint with adequate importance and has promised
pursing legal support forof Odanadi.



Example 2: Vijayan’s Case (needs to be cleaned-up)                                            Formatted
                                                                                              Formatted
        International prostitution network atlast Vijayan was caught. “It is possible for
girls to live a prostituted life. The disparities in the society like social, economic
inequalities can be setrate by prostitution only”. These are the great principles with
which Vijayan started with a knew dimensions Vijayan. His full name Vali Perambal
Raghavan, Vijayan. There is no “distinguition as caste, religion or any other restrictions.
This is only method to achieve. Common universal entity on these lines he picked up
belonging to irrespective of caste, religion, language, state we invite everyone with all
affection to this trade. But I do not force anyone, I do not go against will who say your
ever comes. Get lot of money happiness, peace of mind, freedom.

        “I have started with a physical approach to this vocation” Once Vijayan had told
truth telephone communication. Once there was lot of problems in government. When
he sat there on that vocation Miss. Prafulla Madhukar, Vimala Gowda, M.C. Nanaiah
wanted to Vijayan to be arrested. Home minister Mr. Mallikarjuna Kharge had interested
this issue to C.O.D.

        C.O.D. incharge Spl. Task inspector Mr. B.N. Krishnamurthy alongwith Odanadi
activists Mr.Stanly and Mr. Parashuram have worked to catch Vijayan This man Vijayan
is being called Viju, Viji, Vijaya Kumar, Vijayan Ashokan, Devagan these are all the
names for the same person and also wished do to be addressed at Vali Perambal
Raghavan Vijayan greatest trader in prostitution. This man belong to Kerala near a place
called Trishur. His work at Karnataka, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu in all these
places he has got centers to supply girls to gulf countries he had his own justification
equally ---- out of this profession and his the king pin.

Exposure of Vijayan:                                                                          Formatted
Well organised, well netted programs of prostitution which went behind the reach of
common man. He had his own way of a skilling in the clutches of law. So went his trade
with the principles the phylosphy which did not come to light at all. One by name
Purushottam belonging to Sathanur village near Mandya had reported the matter against
Vijayan about his activities in Coimbattore police commissioner office.           This
Purushottam belong to state handloom department peon. Dated 25.06.2001 there is an
advise of the report given as follows. My wife Jayalakshmi aged 28 yrs. belong to T.
Narasipura, Bommenahalli villagle, D/o. temple priest Ranganathaiah. We have a
daughter aged 3 yrs. by name Gayathri. WE reside at Bangalore. On the day my daughter
and my wife were kidnapped the person’s involved belonging to prostitutes. Middle man
as it was later realised the name as follows Chandru of Neelasandra also Ashok. Both
persons joined in selling to Vijayan of Coimbattore Vada Madurai extension Vijayan a
lady broker one wife and daughter are under his custody I am confident my wife and
daughter are with the custody of or with Vijayan. I beg your help in getting back my
wife and daughter.

        The complaint so lodged to Police Tamil Nadu did not bother but Purushottam did
not keep quite . He was constantly watching the newspaper. One day Odanadi heard his
call but Ashoka Nagar Police Station. A complaint had already lodged.

        When activists Mr. Stanly and Parashuram visited Vada Madurai. There was
surprise news for them. In fact, Jayalakshmi was not kidnapped by Vijayan whereas
Purushottam had engaged to Vijayan Vijayalakshmi on contract basis. When contacted
by Odanadi, Vijayan reported that “Jayalakshmi very much truth were was she an own
will she is not kidnapped according to agreement, she should be with us ----- under July
8th.

       In this connection we have surrendered her to the Vada Madurai Police station to
our lawyer. Therefore having said Vijayan escaped.

        When purushottam visited Vada Madurai police station, Jayalakshmi was
surprised “see this is the man who spoiled my life by age he is 20 yrs. elder, besides I am
his relative. In fact, he should have be my brother. In fact, I was his third wife, driven
me into the prostitution. His clients were senior officers. In fact, he alone sent me here
and he playing all the game”. Shouting with all anger. On looking at this issue, turning
against him, Purushottam ran away from the place. On the way he almost caught
between railway reils, got his legs broken. When Jayalakshmi exposed to the realities of
Odanadi, another chapter of new prostitution started. Vijayan as well as Purushottam had
their own close net works of the prostitution, a link with in limits. Until matter was
reported to C.O.D. by Karnataka government, Vijayan was available on cell phone.
When the inquiry started his whole net work was exposed.

Vijayan’s Tactics:                                                                            Formatted


Infact Vijayan was running prostitution like a benefit scheme. He had his own agents in
various states. In Tamil Nadu Ganga-Yamuna-Saraswathi T.V. Serial famous female
character Pavithra, Kerala Calicut Sindhu alias Usha Devi, Yernakulam’s Meena all total
7 people were the wives of Vijayan! All these wives of Vijayan were the agents of
Chennai, Coimbattore, Palghat, Calicut, Yernakulam of Vijayan running brothel. In
Karnataka, by name Chandramma belonging to Coimbattore, Jayamma of Hunsur, Neela
Sandra’s Ashoka of Bangalore, Parashurama, Chandra also Railway department Saroja
all these persons belonging to Vijayan group. Recruiting girls, Purushottama was an
agent of Ashoka of Neela Sandra.

        There was a rule by Vijayan that no girl was forced to the trade. Also,the girls
recruited from a particular place are to be taken to different places, also to follow the
various rules and tacticts as per mine instructions. Infact, the reruits details were to be
kept top confidential. Each every girl recruited could only stay maximum 2 to 3 months,
where as this rule has a relaxation to girls going outside to the country. Once the term
was over, no occation to rejoin the center. During the agreement period the loss and
gains, the party had full liberty. After the agreement minimum Rs. 50 thousand or 3
lakhs entitled to get the gifts. Who so ever agreeing to this type of contract with Vijayan
rules and regulations, after the term further 3 yrs. could work Vijayan trade. During the
break period, entitled to get honorarium of Rs. 2,000. The beauty of such a recruit to
introduce the beautiful girls to the trade. Once the girls selected to the net of trade, her
age, looks, her verginity all these elements should count and entitled to free gifts viz.
Kinetic honda, T.V., fridge, gas stove cooker etc. There are attractive girls and ladies for
willing to take up this trade and abide by the rules of Vijayan in Karnataka only.

        In any occasion would lead to doubt to any person where a girl enjoying all the
benefits. TO avoid this situation, Vijayan institution have adopted Udaya T.V., E T.V., Z
T.V., Star Plus, Akashavani letter heads “wherein whatever competitions we had
conducted you are the winner of these competitions therefore you are entitled to the gifts
as well as monthly income” So goes the letter.

       The new recruits of Vijayan, had their names, in the training list duly entered in
government department letter heads. So letters of order despatched. Various
departmental false letter heads, rubber stamp, employed of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu,
Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and also other states. This is Vijayan’s and his achievements!
“What is wrong in me?

        People with full knowledge of terms and condition of our organisation. When
there is voluntary consent while were ---- tracking well what is wrong we have our
philosophy does not aspect to force others the relationship between man and woman
nature role.

What is wrong in this role some girls take up prostitution out of economic necessity and
will we permanent. I am against this type of prostitution. My intention is not to be retain
as permanent prostitution. Earn a life ---- in a life time. This is how I want to achieve no
difference rich and poor This is my major thought.
Purushottam husband of Jayalakshmi, Chandramma Jayamma etc. Inspector B.N.
Krishna Murthy and his collegues were successful in handling the culprit. This truth
Vijayan wanted man the police. They had not considered major issue because many
police officers officials were permanent client of Vijayan. In Vada Madurai, a diary
relating to L.R. Shivarame Gowda and many other chief minister’s phone numbers, home
minister’s phone numbers were also there.

       In the law court of Coimbattore Vijayan lawyer had inpersonanted by his lawyer
Chelva Muttu and alleged that so used to man as Vijayan. Since no bail was granted, this
said man had decamped from Coimbattore.

       Vijayan presently in Kerala was moving around and different names. He had a
pass port under the name Vijayan Niyal. Presently, staying in girls by name Mohammed
Kutty and brothers and his associate.        Chunari resorts of Calicut. PROJECT
PROPOSAL

NAME OF THE PROJECT : RESCUE AND REHABILITATION OF                         SEXUALLY
EXPLOITED MINORS FROM TRAFFICKING.


FACTS AND FIGURES OF THE ORGANISATION:

PERIOD                                      : ONE YEAR.

GEOGRAPHICAL AREA OF THE                  : RESCUE OPERATIONS (INTER-
PROJECT                                      STATE) COVER THE SOUTH
                                              INDIA AND THE REHABILITA-
                                              TION PROCESS TAKES PLACE
                                               IN KARNATAKA.

NAME OF THE ORGANISATION : ODANADI SEVA SAMSTHE(REGD.)

POSTAL ADDRESS                              : 15/2, Gowtama Nagar,
                                                    S.R.S. Colony, Hootagally Village,
                                                    Belawadi Post,
                                                    Mysore,
                                                    Karnataka, India.

STATUS OF THE ORGANISATION                  : Registered Trust.

YEAR OF REGISTRATION                : 10th August 1993.

REGISTRATION NUMBER                 : 618/93-94

TELEPHONE NUMBER                            : Office – 402155
                                    Resi  - 403371
                                            303812
WEBSITE                   : www.odanadi.org
E-MAIL ADDRESS            : odanadisevatrust@yahoo.com

CHIEF FUNCTIONARIES       : “Stanly Parashu”
                                  (Mr K.V. Stanly &
                                  Parashuram M.L.)


INCOME TAX EXEMPTION      : Registered under 80 (G) and
                                  12A of Income Tax Act.

F.C.R.A. NO               : 094590130 DATED 22-9-98




CHARTED ACCOUNTANT’S       : Mr. J.R. Manjunath, B.com., F.C.A
NAME                   No. 375, 14th Main,
      Ananda Nilaya,
                             Saraswathipuram,
                             Mysore
                                   Ph: 344698 (o) 542744®
                                  Tele fax : 542744
a factestimatedtwoonefrom Karnataka can be found in the brothels are supplied every
year to the brothels of today, just from Karnataka alone

       More than ninety percent of the women and children trapped into prostitution are
from rural areas. Rural women and families often a have very limited knowledge of the
law and the availability of jobs in urban areas and the traffickers use this to their
advantage.
       In almost all the cases, a person well known to the victim, a remote relative,
friend, acquaintance, or in some cases, the potential husband, facilitate the trafficking
process. The agents are known to marry women legitimately before taking them away to
be sold. Often there is a contract drawn, to convince the parents of the legal validity,
before taking over the youngsters. In cases of rape and illegitimate relations, victims
often think that since they have lost their virginity, they are unacceptable to society and
choose the alternative of working as prostitutes as it gives them a degree of financial
independence. It has been observed that more often than not, women relatives or
acquaintances are used for recruitment, since they are less likely to seem suspicious.
These ‘madams’ also have assured places in reaping the benefits of the trafficking
syndicates. There have also been cases when these recruiters take money from the
families of their victims, claiming it as compensation for their efforts.

       Some prostituted women fall into the debt trap and are forced to work as bonded
laborers and are set free only if they bring in a girl from their village as a replacement.
Therefore, prostitutes are often used in the trafficking process.

        Pimps, traffickers and recruiters from different areas collect at pre-determined
locations with “recruited” women and children before taking off to various destinations.
It seems obvious that the owners of these places - hotels, restaurants, motels, houses,
apartments, truck stop or sleeping carriages - as well as the transporters are well aware of
the intentions and nature of the transactions and actions being carried out.
        There are no apparent standard procedures for transportation. Some times the girls
are collected in groups and taken to their destination. At times, they are brought in
individually to the intermediate location where they meet with other co-travelers. Small
time traffickers apparently do their own recruiting as the middlemen, who then sell the
“load” to organized trafficking syndicates. There are reports of women being raped as a
form of initiation during the journey.

         These trafficked women and girls are sold into different trades, of course without
their consent, and a large number of them are traded into prostitution. A number of
women are forced in to domestic labor and they are at the mercy of the employers who
freely abuse, torture and exploit them. There is a great demand for cheap labor and the
trafficked women and girls are best suited for this sector because they have no option but
to accept what ever is offered to them. Besides being migrants they have no recourse to
legal or police help. A large number of them can be found working in houses, factories
and various shops. They are overworked, underpaid and enjoy absolutely no facilities or
rights. In other cities these trafficked women and young girls can be found in the massage
parlors from where they are picked up by customers for sexual pleasures. A lot of young
girls are victims of sex tourism, mail-order brides, barmaids and cabaret dancers. The
nature of employment varies with the needs of the demand areas.

Hurdles in rescue and rehabilitation

        Active involvement in the rescue of the victims of prostitution is not only difficult
but also dangerous. It is important for those working in the rescue operations to build a
strong rapport with the sexually exploited women and understand thoroughly the powers
operating the trafficking networks. These networks are wily, operate in a sophisticated
manner, vigilant and often have arms extending across state boundaries. It is hence
important to do sincere groundwork on the basis of the collected information and plan
different strategies. Keeping the police and press well informed, being prepared to
document the evidence on paper and audio/video also play vital roles in deciding the fate
of a rescue operation. In short, only a socially committed, courageous, meticulous and
disciplined group can become successful rescuers.


           Rehabilitation of rescued women and children is an equally daunting and
sensitive task. Continuous follow-up actions, emotional and economical support, are the
first steps to successful rehabilitation. It is essential to evoke a sense of belonging in the
victims, help them get over their feelings of helpless rage and learn to trust the society
again. Putting back together the pieces of brutalized lives needs an immense amount of
patience, love and money. Lack of adequate understanding of these issues and lack of
emotional involvement often cause a lot of pain for the victims on their road to
rehabilitation. In many cases police suspicion and humiliation have essentially pushed
back the rehabilitated victims into the flesh trade. It is therefore of primary importance
that the NGOs involved in the process and the relevant government agencies like the
police put their heart and soul into the task.
Venky fill this section…



   Odanadi believes in a multi-pronged approach to fight the problem of sexual
exploitation, which addresses both the causes that lead to a flourishing sex trade and the
rescue, rehabilitation and empowerment of women and minors sucked unwittingly into
the clutches of the trafficking networks. Odanadi has developed a multi-pronged
approach to address the problem of trafficking. The objectives of this project are:

To create awareness, provide training and influence policy-making on anti-trafficking.
To rescue women and children from the clutches of traffickers and to expose the
organized trafficking networks.
Rehabilitation and reintegration of the rescued women and children.
More than 90% of the women and children trapped in to prostitution are rural folks. The
patriarchal needs of the society and socio-economic, cultural and religious factors have
been trapping them into different fields including prostitution. National and International
policies on development are pledging the interests of the common people to boost the
urban development. Adverse developmental policies have resulted in rural families losing
their livelihood and many vulnerable women and children succumb to the social evil of
prostitution. Rural women are simpletons and the traffickers count on the limited
knowledge of the parents to make their daughters victims of prostitution. It is also a fact
that over 2 lakh girls from Karnataka can be found in the brothels of Mumbai, Kolkata,
Delhi and Pune.
In spite of the measures and the impact of Odanadi’s programs, we feel that the issue of
trafficking is not been addressed in the villages that are the supply areas. We plan to train
and enlighten the rural masses on trafficking issues through continuous dissemination of
information, conducting training and awareness programs, formation of self-help groups
and by using the established organizations. We are quite hopeful that the village people
will takes up this issue and in the long run comes up with strategies to combat trafficking.
Within a period of 3 years, this developmental process will begin yielding results in terms
of policy making. The rural voice would pressurize the state to frame policies to combat
the issue of trafficking. The following strategies have been planned to create awareness
among the rural masses.Odanadi plans to combat the scourge of trafficking by directly
enlightening the rural masses on relevant issues through continuous dissemination of
information, awareness programs and through the formation and training of self-help
groups. We believe that the resulting increase in rural awareness will ultimately translate
into viable government policies and laws against the practice.

Odanadi’s strength is its relationship with the people and people’s organizations.
Prominent NGOs, women’s organizations and youth federations are familiar to Odanadi.
Leading people’s movements like Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha (KRRS) and Dalita
Sangha Samiti are sympathetic towards Odanadi and have been demonstrating their
solidarity with us in our anti-trafficking programs. With the help of these rural
organizations, self-help groups and NGOs, we plan to promote a face-to-face interaction
with the rural masses to collect information about their children, who leave the villages
with other people, lured by false promises, for employment opportunities. Since the issue
of trafficking has not been addressed properly, this aspect will be discussed in the
meetings quoting of examples of other villages that have been victimized. The cases that
have been already documented will be presented to the rural masses to give them a clear
picture of trafficking and victimization of rural women and children. Efforts will be made
to prepare the concerned village leaders to be vigilant about the fact that “how, where,
when and with whom” their children are moving out of the villages.

Training programs for grass root groups

As a matter of fact there are a lot of concerned groups, which are already working on
rural development. But most of these groups are unaware of the issue of trafficking,
since it is hardly addressed with due importance. Therefore, a training program has to be
conducted to educate the groups to combat the trafficking networks. In this regard state,
district and taluk level training programs will be conducted to make the volunteers fully
convinced and enlightened about the issue of trafficking and the source areas. Teachers,
anganawadi workers, police, revenue inspectors, gram panchayat members and students
will be trained in this regard.4.1.1    Odanadi plans to adopt Awareness programs plays
a vital role in enlightening the rural mass about the burning issue of trafficking.
Dvariousifferentwill be adopted awareness againstthe concept of anti-trafficking
trafficking and and to educateawakento protect themselvesagainst the traffickers
selectedng men and women,th t be in chargeake care. in each district.

Wherever possible, tIt is difficult to address this issue to the village folk unless we he
issue of sex trafficking needs to be addressed in conjunction with combating othertie this
up with otherirof the villagers make them more responsive tobring them towards
Programs like medical camps, legal assistance, empowerment and skill development
programs will facilitate us to reach these people with our ideas. Towards this end,
supportive programs that meet the needs of the community will be initiated where
necessary and possible.

Odanadi has an excellent relationship with several prominent NGOs, women’s
organizations and youth federations. Leading people’s movements like Karnataka Rajya
Raitha Sangha (KRRS) and Dalita Sangha Samiti are sympathetic towards Odanadi and
have been demonstrating their solidarity with Odanadi’s anti-trafficking programs. With
the help of these rural organizations, self-help groups and NGOs, Odanadi will promote
face-to-face interaction with the rural masses to collect information about children and
women falling into the clutches of the trafficking networks. Such interactions will also
serve to further educate them about the methods employed by the networks through
anecdotes from the experiences in other villages. Efforts will be made to prepare the
concerned village leaders to be vigilant about “how, where, when and with whom”
village children move out of the villages. Training programs
          In many rural areas, there already exist concerned groups working on various
aspects of development. Many of these groups have a high motivation level and
significant local support base, but are unaware of the issue of trafficking. Odanadi plans
to conduct state level, district level and taluk level training programs to enlighten and
convince these organizations of the need to make a concerted effort against the sex trade.
Teachers, anganawadi workers, local police, revenue inspectors, gram panchayat
members and students will also be included in these training programs.
By launching different governmental and non-governmental programs, potential
volunteers will be selected to sustain these programs in the village. Supportive programs
that meet the needs of the community will be initiated. Programs like medical camps,
legal assistance, empowerment and skill development programs will facilitate us to reach
these people with our ideas.
Policy making process Policy-making
AnotherThe Odanadi’souratinCurrently, already             effectively effectively in this
regardExposure of trafficking networks and the rescue of girl children have been
followed by a clear and crisp publicity campaignWhenever a trafficking network is
exposed and the girl children are rescued, a clear and crisp publicity campaign has taken
placeSimultaneously, these issues have been raised in the houses of people’s
representatives as wellSimultaneously, this issue is raised in the houses of people’s
representativesthrough a process of effectiveby
Over the last ten years, Odanadi has carried out several well-planned operations against
brothels and trafficking networks and rescued more than 400 girls from the flesh
tradeThrough well-planned operations against brothels and traffickers, Odanadi has
rescued over 400 girls, most of whom are minors, in the past ten years from established
networks in Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh Most of the rescued girls
were minors. iswas observed unfortunate tin several cases that the very people who were
supposed to protect the women and children were guilty of having sold them into
prostitution and for use in pornography.hat the very people that are supposed to protect
the women and children are guilty of selling the minors to prostitution and for use in
pornography. Shocking instancesSome shocking instances includethat had who madewho
have takengirl who was actively the h tradeh trade are heart breaking examples of people
traced by OdanadiIn one case, Odanadi caught an old man selling two minor girls into
prostitution red-handed, much to the disbelief of the local police.The police could not
believe it when we caught an old man red-handed, selling 2 minor girls for prostitution
lured from a convent in Bangalore. Through active involvement and a painstaking
process of collecting and acting on information gleaned from various sources, including
the prostituted women themselves, reformed traffickers, police and rickshaw drivers,
Odanadi has managed to unearth as many as thirteen active trafficking networks. Of these
networks, one was international, five worked across state boundaries and the rest were
based locally. Several operational networks still remain and a lot of work needs to be
done in identifying and busting these sex rackets.

      s been aided directly in its rescue efforts by s achieved some of its goals with the
involvement of people; especially the exploited women, organisationsorganizationsthe
and the,Dd. The media, the police and other local NGOs have been very helpful as well.,
other NGOs, media, Women Federations and Police. In every rescue operation, these
groups joined Odanadi in a show of solidarity.has nd has also s well as the conduction a
few rescue operations in a year.

Though the rescue operations are tough, Odanadi has been able to manage these
operations due to several reasons. As Odanadi works for the empowerment and
rehabilitation of prostituted women, they often provide a lot of information about the
prevailing trafficking networks in the southern states. Many rescue operations have been
possible only because of the active involvement of the prostituted women. Secondly,
Odanadi has been receiving a lot of information to identify the trafficking networks from
the police, reformed traffickers and rickshaw drivers. Most of them are yet to be
identified. So far, Odanadi has unearthed as many as 13 trafficking networks among
which one was international, five were interstate and the rest were based locally.

Hurdles

        Active involvement in the rescue of the victims of prostitution is not only difficult
but also dangerous. Unless one has substantial field experience, builds a strong rapport
with the sexually, exploited women, as well as the powers operating the trafficking
networks it is impossible to trace these networks. The trafficking and other criminal
networks are interconnected, vigilant and work from a domestic to international level.
They operate in a wily and highly sophisticated manner. It is also important to do sincere
groundwork on the basis of the given information and plan different strategies. The police
and the press should be well informed. Documenting the evidence on paper and
audio/video plays a vital role in deciding the fate of a rescue operation. A socially
committed, courageous, well-planned and disciplined group can become successful
rescuers. Constant interaction with the victims in a non-judgmental way helps to cement a
strong bond. It is essential to evoke a sense of belonging in the victims and help them get
over their feelings of helpless rage and re-discover the precious feeling of trust. Putting
together the pieces of brutalized lives needs an immense amount of patience, love and
money. Lack of understanding of the issue, lack of public awareness, stigma attached to
the exploited women and children and lack of emotional involvement among government
and non-governmental agencies creates hell for the victims on the street. Though the
victim is ready for rehabilitation, the society does not permit her. In many cases the
police have suspected and humiliated the rehabilitated victims, and essentially pushed
them back in to the flesh trade.

Continuous follow-up actions, emotional and economical support, are the first steps to
rehabilitation. The police, NGOs and the government will have to put their heart and
soul into this task. We honestly say that though there was no proper financial plan for
rehabilitation, the emotional involvement of Odanadi was the only thing, that has
rehabilitated as many as 400 women with alternative livelihood in the mainstream
society. Individuals with a widespread public awareness have provided the economic
support.

      Firstly, the exploited victim needs a place to stay and people who can render
emotional support. If this is done, the economic rehabilitation will not be a big problem.
Another 22 girls who have got married are also doing well. These marriages were
possible because of our emotional involvement and the personal attachment with the
survivors.

For the past 5 years, Odanadi has been running a Home for the rescued children,
especially for the minor girls, 23 of whom were rescued from the flesh trade. The
rescued girls are treated as normal girls, but with extra care. There is a continuous health
check-up and counseling program in addition to cultural programs, meditation,
recreation, group works and training. More that these, treating them all as equal has kept
the girls happy.
funded several of the rescue operations.




BACKGROUND OF THE ORGANISATION:

         Odanadi is a social organisation situated in Mysore for the past 10 years, which
has been working for the rescue, rehabilitation and empowerment of the victims of
commercial sexual exploitation. It is also runs a home for the rescued children of both
the children of prostituted and rescued from the trafficking networks to make them self
reliant through education and vocational training. It conducts counseling programme for
the disturbed families, and so far more than 100 families have been brought to the main
stream living condition.

         Prior to founding Odanadi; we undertook a ten month pilot study (“Bodies For A
Meal”) of the socio-economic conditions of prostituted women, their children and minor
girls in Mysore district. In 1992, Odanadi emerged as a registered trust to be the
‘Odanadi’ of this ravaged group of the society. One year of situational analysis
programme, really gave us a clear-cut picture about the issue of prostitution and ground
realities.

THE OBJECTIVES OF ODANADI:

To prevent women and children from being trafficked for unlawful and immoral
purposes.

  To organise the prostituted into a vocal group fighting against exploitation, and            Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
facilitate their empowerment and rehabilitation .
 To create a mass movement against trafficking in the source areas.                           Formatted: Bullets and Numbering


  To integrate the trafficked children and the children of exploited women into the           Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
mainstream and make them self-reliant through counseling, education and vocational
training.

  To rescue women and children forced into prostitution and expose the unholy nexuases        Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
in the flesh trade.

  To assist in the prevention of rural-urban migration, which is a major contributor or       Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
urban prostitution.


  To eradicate the social taboo and rejection through sensitization of various social and     Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
peer groups.

  To expose human rights violations against women and children in all sections of             Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
society.


  To provide support to women and children affected by domestic violence and other            Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
socio-economic problems.


  To combat child labour including domestic slavery, which is one of the contributor to       Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
sex trafficking.

  As a starter “Odanadi” set about fratanising with the prostituted women who lived on
the fringes of the streets of Mysore, Unacknowledged as persons, fighting for survival
against crime, violence, disease and death. Though, financially handicapped Odanadi set
out to work among the sexually oppressed women of the street, unmindful of public
scepticism, ridicule and lack of sympathy. Many city fathers and intellectuals who has
spent an entire lifetime debating on the oppression of women and had propounded
various theories on the elevation of the status of the Indian women did not take too kindly
to Odanadi’s enthusiasm in freeing and empowering the prostituted women from the
worst form of slavery. Their opinions ranged from the usual “age old profession which
had no cure” to the insensitive every society needs sex works as safeguards against sexual
crime like rape etc.

  In this attempt to achieve its started goals, Odanadi has surmounted numerous
hardships from various mainstream segments. In the initial stage, different vested
interests like moneylenders, goondas (gangsters) pimps and traffickers, brothel owners,
the police personnel etc. – tried to suppress our campaign against commercial sexual
exploitation. Frequently the “Odanadi” activists were beaten-up seriously. Two of our
activists were killed by unknown criminals. Radhamma, a very dedicated activist of
Odandi succumbed to death after a severe attack on her by a local gangster. The local
police also harass Odanadi activists and the exploited women routinely. The police
turned even more ruthless when women, armed with legal action them. Starting with the
police commissioner, right down to the constable on the street were unprepared to deal
with the new and changed scenario, where the arm of law was seen as the main law
breaker, and the since long “criminal” the victim. To give an example, Nagamani one of
the leading and aggressive voices of Odanadi, who has rescued more than a hundred
minors from trafficking, was targeted by the police. Though in an advanced stage of
pregnancy, Nagamani was kicked on her stomach, by a police inspector, and sent to jail
where she was harassed and humiliated and denied access to a single phone call to which
all was harassed and humiliated and denied access to a single phone call to which all
accused are entitled. More over false charges were framed on her. Though these acts of
vandalism were meant to terrorize the women it had a reverse effect. Every humiliation
and attack on a group who were religiously committed to a cause only enhanced their
moral strength.

       With the passage of time, many of our objectives have borne fruit and in Odanadi
has emerged as a people organisation, setting standards for the empowerment of the
survivors of this century old vice.

        Today, Odanadi has successfully organised the prostituted into a vocal and
powerful. The “Vimochana Mahila Sangha”, Mysore being a stronger collective with
1200 members out of whom 400 women have been rehabilitated with the alternative
livelihood in the mainstream society. Odanadi has also gone a long way in eradicating
the social stigma attached to the prostituted and in sensitising the mainstream society. As
many as 22 women were married through widely published exercises in the presence of
leading personalities. Apart from this, Odanadi operating a counseling and trauma care
centre for the women of various strata afflicted by marital discord and social problems.


2.THE IMPORTANCE OF CAMPAIGN AGAINST TRAFFICKING OF WOMEN                                     Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
AND CHILDREN IN SOUTHERN DISTRICTS OF KARNATAKA:

        As you know, trafficking in person, especially amongst minors and the young
girls are increasing enormously all over Karnataka. In our state, trafficking and sexual
exploitation of children has grown multiples and visible. The trafficking is not only
limited to prostitution alone but also for the purposes like forced labour, commercial gay
and lesbian relationships to hire the wombs and for illegal marriages, domestic slavery,
organs transplantation, for begging, for camel races. Social pressures, lack of protective
laws and failure to enforce laws, social customs, poverty, discrimination within the
family etc. have made young girls vulnerable to all kinds of violence, especially sexual
exploitation.

  Because of the loopholes in the law and order system prevailing in India and since the
issue of trafficking is not addressed with importance, the trafficking networks are still
alive and caught free. In South India, we came to know about the internal links between
the mafias, the traffickers and some corrupt officials involved because of the inefficiency
of the police, border security forces, railway police etc. Thousands of girls have been
trafficked into sex trade. In Karnataka, it is found that more than 1 lakh girls are supplied
to the brothels of Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata. The women and girls from North Karnataka
are trafficking into the sex-trade during their search for a job to gain their livelihood.
Similarly, in South Karnataka, the school going young girls are missing everyday and
that is not considered seriously. Domestic slavery is quite rampant and in many cases
sexual exploitation of the domestic workers takes place within their owner’s family.
Traffickers are using different strategies like job assurances, marriage, modeling
opportunity, entrance into film land, etc. to lure the minors into the sex trade.

  In Karnataka, we have 27 districts with the different geographical and climatic
conditions. To start with we have selected the six southern districts of Karnataka
(Mysore, Coorg, Mandya, Tumkur, Hassan and Chamarajanagar) the source areas which
are badly affected by this issue. Though the traffickers network has been working through
out the state in an advanced way, the most affected rural population is Dalit. We have
also found that the dalits of Tumkur, tribals of H.D. Kote, Hunsur and from Coorg tribal
belts are being trafficked by the criminal networks for various purposes especially for
prostitution, bonded labour and for domestic slavery. It is also found that the traffickers
are exploiting poor financial and social conditions of the rural mass and trafficking the
minors, giving false assurances. Inspite of a strong enforcement of “Devadasi Prohibition
Act”, the hundreds of minors are becoming sex slaves under the red carpet of religious
sanctions. These girls are also found into Southern Karnataka, though the Devadasi
system is not prevailing as much. It indicates that the traffickers find their preys from
accurate supply areas and spread them over the demand areas like Mysore, Bangalore,
Chennai, Puna, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Kolkata and Delhi etc.

 3. CONTRIBUTION FACTORS

 Various factors that are believed to have led to trafficking in women and children in
Karnataka region are listed below:




 Social factors:

1.Disintegration of rural communities and familial and social nexus                             Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
2.Urbanization.
3.Attitudes towards women
4.Dowry
5.Polygamy
6.Marital problems, desertion etc.
7.Media images of women as sex objects.
8.Perceived sanction by religious institutions
9.Prostitution as a survival strategy
10.Violence against domestic workers
11.Forced sexual exploitation.
12.Associating family honor with women’s chastity and ostracization
13.Lack of education
14.Prevalence of feudal culture

Economic Factors:

1.Industrialization and globalization                                                        Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
2.Development of Road links
3.Crisis of livelihood and job opportunities
4.Desirability of easy life promoted by consumerism
5.Large families and contracting economical resources leading children to be viewed as
marketable commodities and mere productive units
6.Concentration of wealth
7.Liberalization of economies without offsetting negative impact
8.Reduction in subsistence agricultural practices.
9.Inflation and withdrawal of subsidies
10.Underdevelopment
11.Drought

The above mentioned concerns, along with political and economical instabilities,
developmental and health issues such as HIV/AIDS, extreme economic deprivation, man
made natural disasters and general powerlessness and lack of control over life and future
combine to produce push and pull factors which create conditions conductive for the
flesh trade.

Undoubtedly poverty is one of the most significant factor in the spread of trafficking of
women, however, the social and cultural factors play an equally treacherous role. In
particular gender discrimination and low esteem of women are prime reasons. The girl
child from her birth is discriminated against in all spheres of life, be it existence
(infanticide), food, health, education or love. She is always treated as a second-class
member of the family, community and society. This causes women to hold themselves in
low self-respected and makes them weak, frightened and vulnerable and powerless to
resist the might of patriarchy.

Marriage is another social demand, which if remains unfulfilled, can create adverse and
hostile circumstances for women within the home and the society. Forced or violent
marriages are also causes, which led women into the hands of exploiters, abusers and
criminals. There are instances when single women have left their home to seek refuge
elsewhere and have found themselves in the clutches of agents and pimps and ending up
in the brothels. Divorce is another social stigma faced by women. The family and
society look down upon these deserted and forsaken women leaving them alone to face
the trials and tribulations of life. These women often seek solace in the wrong places and
at times resort to relationships outside marriage which are temporary and result in their
total alienation from their own fraternity.
The movement of men from rural to urban areas and overseas to seek employment has
led to the disintegration of rural family support base, social nexus and protection system
initially in place. When men migrate to work, women left to behind in the villages
becomes vulnerable to the enticement of traffickers. Having last other means of
subsistence they may get desperate enough to agree to their terms. This makes ground
for the supply. Urbanization results in creation of temporary employment leading men to
leave behind their wives and family. They, in turn, create the demand for the prostituted
in the cities and the vicious cycle continues.

The laws pertaining to prostitution make it easier to penalize females in prostitution’s
rather than brothel keepers, pimps, procurers, etc. The client is totally outside the
purview of the act except in the case of minors. The law enforcement has been effective
owing to the lack of convergence and co-ordination between the enforcement agencies,
judiciary on the state agencies meant to provide the social support to victims. Therefore,
it is extremely important and must be continually emphasized that the agents, recruiters,
pimps, and gang leaders should bear the brunt of legislation and penal actions, and not
led the victims be criminalised.

Different stages of Trafficking:

  Recruitment at village/city level.                                                              Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
  Persons taken to designated location which is used by traffickers.
  Shifting to a central location where girls from different areas assemble prior to moving
towards ultimate destination
  Travel to their ultimate destination as decided by their traffickers.
  Final transaction or trading at brothel/execution of sale.


In almost all the cases, a person well known to the victim, a remote relative, friend,
acquaintance, or in some cases, the potential husband, facilitate the process of trafficking.
The agents are known to marry women legitimately before taking them away to be sold.
Often there is a contract drawn, which parents sign before handing over youngsters to
convince them of the legal validity. In cases of rape, illegitimate relations, because of the
social set up, victims often think that since they have lost their virginity, they are
unacceptable to society, as such, it is a better alternative to work as prostitutes as it gives
them a degree of financial independence. It has been observed that more often than not,
women relatives or acquistances are used for recruitment, since they are less likely to
have suspicion cast on them. These ‘madams’ also have assured places in reaping
benefits of trafficking syndicates. There have also been cases when these recruiters take
money from the families of their victims, claiming it as compensation for their efforts.

Some prostituted women with a loan over their head have to work has bonded laborers
and are set free only if they bring in one girl from their village as a replacement.
Therefore, prostitutes are often used in the trafficking process.
Pimps, traffickers and recruiters from different areas collect at pre-determined locations
with “recruited” women and children before taking off to various destinations. It seems
obvious that the owners of this places, may they be hotels, restaurants, motels, houses,
apartments, truck stop or sleeping carriages, as well as transporters are well aware of the
intentions and nature of transactions and actions being carried out.

There are no apparent standard procedures for transportation. Some times the girls are
collected in groups and taken onwards. At times, they are brought in individually to the
intermediary location where they meet with other co-travelers. Small time traffickers
apparently do their own recruiting as the middle men, who then sell the “load” to the
organised trafficking syndicates. There are reports of women being raped as a form
initiation during the journey.

These trafficked women and girls are sold in different trades and of course without their
consent. As mentioned earlier a large number of them are traded into prostitution. A
number of women are consumed in domestic labor also. Here they are at the mercy of
the employers who freely abuse them, torture and exploit them because of their
circumstances. There is a great demand for cheap labor to work at lower rates. The
trafficked women and girls best suited for this sector because they have no option but to
accept what ever is offer to them. Besides being migrants they have no recourse to legal
or police help. A large number of them can be found working in the houses, factories and
in various shops. They are overworked, underpaid and enjoy absolutely no facilities, they
can be hired or fired on the spot. In other cities these trafficked women and young girls
are also to be found in the massage parlors from where they are picked up by the
customer for sexual pleasures. A lot of young girls are victims of sex tourism, mail-order
brides, barmaids and cabaret dancers. The nature of employment varies with the needs of
the demand areas.

4.MAIN OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT:                                                             Formatted: Bullets and Numbering


1.Awareness, training and policy making process related to anti-trafficking campaign in       Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
the source areas of the selected districts of Karnataka.
2.To rescue women and children from the clutches of traffickers and to expose the
organised networks of trafficking.
3.Rehabilitation and reintegration of rescued women and children.

1.Awareness, training and policy making process related to anti-trafficking                   Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
campaign in the source areas of the selected districts of Karnataka:

More than 90% of the women and children who are trapped into prostitution are rural
folks. The patriarchal needs of the society and socio economic cultural and religious
factors have been trapping them into different fields including prostitution. National and
international policies on development are pledging the interest of common people to
boost the urban development. Adverse developmental policies have resulted in rural
families loosing their daily bread and many vulnerable women and children succumb to
the social events of prostitution. Rural women are simpletons can be easily count the
limited knowledge of the parents make their daughters victims of prostitution. It is also
a fact that over 2 lakh girls can be found in the brothels of Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi and
Puna from Karnataka alone.

  Inspite of the measures and impacts of Odanadi programmes, we also feel that the issue
of trafficking is not been addressed in the villages that is the supply areas. It is our
concern to train and enlighten the rural mass about the issue of trafficking through
continuous discrimination of information, training, awareness programmes, formation of
self help groups and using the established people’s organisations. We are quite hopeful
that the village mass takes up this issue as their own in building up some strategies to
combat trafficking in a long run. Within a period of 3 yrs. this developmental process
will be yielding its fruits in terms of policy making. The rural voice will pressurise on
different levels of the state to frame some policies to combat the issue of trafficking. In
this regard we have planned the following strategies to address the issue with rural mass.

a.The positive factor with Odanadi is its relationship with the people and people’s            Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
organisations. The prominent NGOs, women’s organisations and youth federations are
familiar to Odanadi. The leading people’s movements like Karnataka Rajya Raitha
Sangha (KRRS) and Dalita Sangha Samiti are quite sympathetic towards Odanadi and
have been showing their solidarity in all our action oriented programmes against
trafficking. With the help of these rural based organisations, self help groups and NGOs.
We are planning to promote a face to face interaction with the rural mass and to collect
primary informations about their children who are going out of the villages with the
people for employment opportunities and lured by false promises. Since the issue of
trafficking is not been addressed properly, this aspect will be discussed in the meetings
quoting the examples of other villages, which are victimised. The cases which are
already documented will presented in front of the rural mass which give them a clear
picture of trafficking where the rural women and children are victimised. Efforts will be
made to prepare the concerned village leaders to be vigilant about the fact that “how,
where, when and with whom” their children are moving out of villages.

b.Training Programmes for the grass root groups:                                               Formatted
                                                                                               Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
As a matter of fact there are a lot of concerned groups, which are already working for the
rural development. But most of these groups are unaware of the issue of trafficking,
since it is hardly addressed with due importance in the grass root level. Therefore, a
training programme has to be conducted to educate and sophisticate the groups to combat
the trafficking networks. In this regard state, district and taluk level training programmes
will be conducted to make the volunteers fully convinced and enlightened about the
trafficking issue and the source areas. Teachers, anganawadi workers, police, revenue
inspectors, gram panchayat members, students etc. will be trained in this regard.

c. Awareness Programmes:                                                                       Formatted


 Awareness programmes play a vital role in enlightening in the rural mass about the
burning issue of trafficking. Different strategies and available resources will be adopted
to propagate the concept of anti-trafficking programme and to awake the people against
the traffickers. Wall paintings, discussions, posters, street plays, documentaries, rallies
etc. will be planned as a part of awareness programme. In every district a selected group
of youth and social activists will be selected and trained to take care of the above said
awareness programmes in each district. Regional, state, district and inter-state
consultations and conferences will be conducted from time to time with an objective to
deciminate the informations, to strengthen the network among the working partners and
to attract the government address the issue with new approach and policies Apart from
this, the rural youth and students will be encouraged to participate in the painting
campaign, essay and debate competitions, story writing etc. related to the issue. It is
difficult to address this issue to the village folk unless we tie this with the other
developmental problems of the village. A constructive response to their immediate and
long term programs will definitely gain their confidence and bring them towards our
main objective of fighting against trafficking.

Through launching different available government and non governmental programs,
some potential volunteers will be selected to sustain the programme in the village. Some
supportive programs, which meet the needs of the community, make them to participate
in the objectives. Programs like medical camps, legal aid programmes, other
empowerment and skill development programmes facilitate to reach the people with our
ideas.

c. Policy making process:

 The long run objective of our campaign is to come out with some new government
policies against the issue of trafficking. Every possible platforms, forums and occasions
will be efficiently utilised to raise this issue in the state and national level. As it is,
Odanadi has been using the print and electro media effectively against trafficking.
Whenever a trafficking network is exposed and the girl children are rescued, a massive
clear and crisp publicity campaign has been taken place. At the same time the issues are
raised and the houses of people’s representatives with importance. A few higher level
enquiries are also taken place through Odanadi’s initiatives. We are quite hopeful that in
a period of three years Odanadi can able to bring some changes in the government
policies through political lobbies pressurised by the people’s organisations like Karnataka
Rajya Raitha Sangha, Dalit Sangha Samithi and other prominent Women Federations. As
mentioned earlier more importance will be given to this aspect during all over important
occasions like conferences, seminars and consultations. It is also important to involve
rational thinkers, writers, students, religious heads, community leaders, media
personalities etc. to debate this issue sothat they work as pressure groups demanding
favourable policies to combat the issue of trafficking.

  Since Odanadi’s idea and ultimate goal is to inspire the people to take political steps to
combat trafficking. People’s representatives from all levels right from the village will be
involved to come out with the expected results.
 5. RESCUE OPERATIONS:

         So far, during the past 10 years, Odanadi has rescued as many as 400 girls, most
of whom are minors, through its continuous and well planned operations against the
brothels and traffickers who were established their networks in Karnataka, Tamilnadu,
Kerala and Andra Pradesh. It is unfortunate but important to tell you that the very
persons, who are supposed to protect our women and children, are guilty of selling the
minors, for the purpose of prostitution, and also using them for pornography. Shocking
instances of a head constable who was running a brothel, a lady teacher of reputed
institution who had sold two girls to an estate owner in Coorg, a physical instructor of a
renowned convent who have taken blue films of a minor and later sold her to prostitution,
a doctor who raped a minor girl in a brothel, and a cinema actress engaged in flesh trade
etc. are the heart breaking examples. Odanadi traced these people down. The police
were not able to believe when Odanadi had caught an old man red-handed, selling 2
minor girls for prostitution lured from a convent in Bangalore.

       Odanadi could not have achieved some of its goals without the involvement of
people especially the exploited women section, people’s organisations like Karnataka
Rajya Raitha Sangh, dalita Sangharsha Samithi, NGOs, medias, Women Federations and
Police. In every rescue operation, the above mentioned concerned groups joined Odanadi
and showed their solidarity. In the national, regional and state level, quite a few like
minded and concerned groups like ATSEC India, CACT Karnataka and other people
organisations have showed their timely moral support whenever the rescue operations
were conducted. Thanks to UNIFEM which has timely supported the residential
programme for 30 rescued girls as well as to conduct a few rescue operations in a year.

Though the rescue operations are found bit tough, Odanadi could able to manage these
operations because of several reasons. The most important factor remains with Odanadi
is that it works for the empowerment and rehabilitation of prostituted women who often
give a lot of information about the prevailing criminal networks of trafficking of
Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. In many cases it was possible only
with the active involvement of the prostituted women during every operation. Secondly,
Odanadi has been receiving a lot of information’s and complaints on the existing
trafficking networks. Informations through police, reformed traffickers, rikshaw drivers
were also collected and the trafficking networks were identified. Most of them are yet to
be identified. So far, Odanadi has unearthed as many as 13 trafficking networks out of
whom one was international, five interstate and rest are locally based.

 HURDLES IN RESCUE OPERATION:

        Active involvement in the development of the victim’s of prostitution is not only
difficult but also dangerous. Unless one has substantial field experience, build a strong
rapport with the sexually, exploited women, as well as the powers operating the
trafficking networks it is impossible to trace the networks. The trafficking and other
criminal networks are interconnected, vigilant and work from grass root to international
level. They operate in a wily and highly sophisticated manner. Hence in rescue
programmes, their lacunas have to be identified, and tackled them by concentrating on
our strengths. It is also important to do sincere groundwork on the basis of the given
information. Different strategies have to be planned according to the situation. The
police and the press should be well informed. Documenting the evidences, on paper,
audio-video etc. plays a vital role in deciding the fate of a rescue operation. A socially
committed, courageous, well-planned and disciplined group can become successful
rescuers. Constant interaction with the victims in a non-judgmental way at there owns
pace helps to cement a strong bond. It is essential to evoke in the victims a sense of
belonging and help them get over their feelings of helpless rage and re-discover the
precious feeling of trust. Putting together the pieces of brutalised lives needs and
immense amount of patience and loads of love and piles of money. Lack of
understanding the issue, lack of public awareness, stigma attached to the exploited
women and children, lack of emotional involvement of government and non-
governmental agencies etc. creates hell for the victims on the street. Though the victim is
ready, the society does not permit her to do so. It also happens that in many cases the
police have suspected and humiliated the rehabilitated victims, and in turn once again
pushed them back to flesh trade.

Continuous follow-up action, emotional and economical support, are the first steps to
rehabilitation. The police, NGOs and the government will have to put their heart and
soul into this task. We honestly say that though there is no proper financial plan for
rehabilitation, the emotional involvement of Odanadi is the only thing, which
rehabilitated as many as 400 women with alternative livelihood into the mainstream
society. The economical support was given by individuals with widespread public
awareness.

  In the first place, the exploited victim need a place to stay and the people who can
render emotional support. If it is done, the economical rehabilitation will not be a big
problem. Another 22 girls who have got married are also doing well. These marriages
were also possible because of our emotional involvement and the personal attachment
with the survivors.

Since 5 yrs. Odanadi is running a Home for the rescued children, especially for the minor
girls, 23 girls of whom are rescued from flesh trade. The rescued girls are also treated as
normal girls with extra care. There is a continuous health check-up and counseling
programme. Different programmes such as meditation, cultural programmes, recreation,
group works, training’s… more that these, treating them all equal are keeping the girls
happy.

 6. REHABILITATION:

  After a rescue operation, the minor girls need a healthy environment to stay (a trauma
care centre or a rescue home). She is at her choice to stay for any period of time till she
is fully recovered from the accident. Within that span of time, the people who are
involved in the developmental process have to evolve a scientific and realistic mode of
rehabilitation or to reintegrate with her family.
Rehabilitation involves many important factors.

1. Counseling:                                                                                Formatted: Bullets and Numbering


During the counseling sessions the girls showed no hesitation to share their eperiences,
physchological and health problems and their desires. There are a lot of emotional
problems, which will be discussed. It is our experience that the rescued girls endangered
and afraid; that the pimp could find them if they go back home; that they will be outcasts
in society; that they are too vulnerable without the support of a man; that they will be
shame to their families; that they ae alone because they do not know where to seek help;
that it will be hard to arrange their lives. In total they are afraid of their future.

a.Group counseling                                                                            Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
b.Individual counseling.



a. Group counseling programmes:                                                               Formatted: Bullets and Numbering


  Since all the girls were mentally prepared and wanted an emotional outlet, they started
giving the preliminary informations about their pain and perils, about the persons who
trafficked them about various strategies of trafficking and how they landed up and lived
in the brothels. They reveal most of the facts competitively discussing each other. The
counselors just listen to the girls and direct them in the session. During the group
discussion the girls also reveal the utmost cruelty shown to them in the brothels.

b. Individual counseling programmes:                                                          Formatted: Bullets and Numbering


   Individual counseling was another important session where each girl will have privacy
and intimacy with the counselor and share their life stories, problems, needs and desires.
The counselor encourage each girl to step firm on the ground, to remember her
capabilities and recognize the strength which help her to think in a positive direction.
Many girls reveal that they had attempted to commit suicide in the brothels due to
intolerable tortures and sexual courses. It is common among all girls that their feelings
are mixed with anger, guilt, joy and helplessness. When a girl questioned, she answered
‘it is better to have no feelings, if she had been a totally abused’. Another girl had lost
her speech temporarily when her relatives showed a total rejection during the
reintegration program. Unfortunately the same girl was found HIV positive during the
medical counseling.

 The following are some of the important common feelings among the rescued girls:

Anger:

 toward herself because “she allowed all that to happen to her”;                              Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
 toward others, because they did not protect her;
 toward society;
 that her life had been broken.

Distress:

 of her own ability to judge people and events;                                       Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
 of the people around her, even those who had not betrayed her.

Suspicion:

 About the facts occurred in her life                                                 Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
 Why did these facts occur to me?

Feeling disoriented:

 Memory problems.                                                                     Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
 Finding it hard to recognise the days and timings
 Inability to stay calm in one place.



Fear:

 to be alone,                                                                         Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
 to be found and punished by her trafficker
 that people will find out that she had been a prostituted
 of her own anger
 of venereal diseases and HIV/AIDS
 of nightmares.

Feeling guilty:

 that she broke cultural and religious rules                                          Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
 that she made a mistake and had been “stupid”
 that she was not able to make money to support her family.
 that she is an immoral and her body and life are not clean.

Feeling cheated:

 by the people who put her in touch with these involved in trafficking.               Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
 by the state for not supporting her and taking bribe (police) in the brothel areas
 by her family.
The counseling program gave the girls a new strength and hopes and washed most of
their complexities away from their lives. Due to this they began to express their
eagerness to reunite with their lost families.

2. Counseling for the parents:                                                                    Formatted: Bullets and Numbering


Unless the families of the rescued girls are properly counseled, it is difficult to reintegrate
the girls. Many families had seriously put their efforts but could not succeed to trace
their daughters. In some cases missing complaints have also been lodged with the local
police. It is our experience that most of the rural parents heartily come forward to accept
their daughters if the real facts are revealed. Therefore, we had to convince the parents
with different stories such as torture in domestic slavery, mental sickness etc. These
stories gained the sympathy and affection of the parents made them to accept the girls
and handle them with care. This family counseling in their respective villages created a
positive atmosphere for the future life of the rescued girls and made the reintegration
process easier.


Persons are exposed to drugs, alcoholic products, gang rape, and higher number of sexual
courses obviously; they are forced to cultivate different behaviors. They may like to
sleep during the days or would like to have some good food. But the denial or rejection
may to their requests spoil the rehabilitation process.



4. Rehabilitation to a “Victim” not to a “Criminal”                                               Formatted: Bullets and Numbering


Though a developmental approach has been introduced to tackle the issue of prostitution,
still a major segment of the society considers the victims as criminals. If we treat
prostitution as a moral issue than a developmental issue, there will be dangers of treating
the victims as criminals. Therefore the counseling or rehabilitation process should be
free from any punitive actions against the victims of flesh trade. And the counselors,
organisations and other structures should have a modern and breeder perspectives.

5. Childhood with education:                                                                      Formatted: Bullets and Numbering


In case of a child victim of trafficking, it is always advisable to bring the child back to
childhood, which can guarantee her/him a joyful learning, a home recreation, protection
and a healthy environment.

6. Economical Rehabilitation:                                                                     Formatted: Bullets and Numbering


Economical rehabilitation by creating an alternative livelihood is an equal as other factors
of rehabilitation. But the economic support to the victim should be preplanned on the
basis of the victim’s desire. Any imposed training, financial support or forced marriages
leads to further problems and ultimately the whole rehabilitation becomes a failure.
7. “Marriage” as a mode of rehabilitation:                                                       Formatted: Bullets and Numbering


Limited to our social system, marriage can also be treated as a better way of rehabilitating
a girl who is above 18 years of age. Though it seems to be a risky and tough task, there
are possibilities to lead a normal life, if proper precautions are taken and a thorough
counseling is given to the groom.

8. A free and secure environment for living:                                                     Formatted: Bullets and Numbering


As a matter of fact the rescued girls from the brothel areas have lived a mechanical,
miserable life. The expectative situation in the red light areas and other brothels and the
forcefully captivity have transformed these victims into totally a different kind of
adulterated personalities. Fear, distress, anger, stubborness, inferiority, hatredness, guilty
feelings, suspiciousness etc. are some of the common feelings among the rescued girls.
To release them from these complexities it is require to leave them on their own for a
initial period of time. This strategy helps both the counselors and the victims to
understand each other. During this period the rescued girls will have a chance to
understand the other victims better. In Odanadi the existing residential school for the
children of prostituted women plays an important role to bringing the girls to a normal
stage. It was found that the rescued girls were happy in engaging themselves with the
small children, participating in day to day activities like cultural programmes and
vocatioal programes, cooking kitchen gardening etc. Secondly the victims will have
opportunities to mingle with Odanadi’s volunteers and sympathisers who are quite
sensitive in dealing with the rescued girls. During this period, the counselor gains the
confidence of the victims but no counseling programme takes place. All together this
process meet the victims to feel at home.

9. Recreation and Joyful:

As the rescued girls starts coming out of their complexities. Voluntarily they join the day
to day affairs of Odanadi. At Odanadi cultural programmes like street plays, folk dances,
mimicry, skits etc. are common to keep the girls happy. They also involves themselves in
the regular vocational trainings like wool weaving, tailoring plastic wire weaving, kitchen
gardening etc.

7. REINTEGRATION:

Reintegration program is really a difficult job. It includes a few important components:

a. The girl should be ready to go back with a new life.

b. The counseling given to the girl as well as to her family should match each other and
there should not be any room for distress, suspiciousness and confusions among the
family members of the girls.
c. The village folk should be given a positive picture about the girl. So that to accept her    Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
into the community.
d.The reintegration should not be forced but should be a choice of the girl.

Taking about all the factors into consideration, the Odanadi as a team works for the
successful to reintegrate the girls one by one to their families.

During the reintegration, it is not possible to take all the girls together. Each girl’s
whereabouts and the real stories will be kept confidential to make their reintegration a
success and to gain the family affection and acceptability. During the counseling
program the girls are encouraged to forget their past. The counseling for the parents and
the village folk defenitely plays a bigger role in a successful reintegration of the rescued
girls.

Most of the supply areas are villages and many times, reintegration becomes impossible,
because of the rigid customs, traditions and the prevailing laws of the villages. Though
the parents are ready to accept the girl, the villagers do not permit them to do so. So it is
very important to hide the whereabouts (name, parents, place, etc..) of the victim as much
as possible.

         As a prime factor in the rehabilitation part, counseling plays a bigger role in
reintegration. But here, counseling to the parents and the third parties (villagers, teachers
etc..) is mandatory the organization or the homes are required to give a positive opinions
about the victim so that a supportive atmosphere can be built up in the family and the
village as well. It is also an established factor that trafficking becomes easier when the
parents are not vigilant and not discharging their drawbacks and limitations.

        In case of a severe threat from the village mass, legal and social support should be
given to the girl and here family on time.


FOLLOW-UP ACTION:

        The story of a trafficked and rehabilitated girl does not end with reintegration. In
almost all cases the persons responsible for introducing or in other words selling the
victim, belongs to the family, clan or village. Hence it is of utmost importance to
reassure the victim that the institution or people who rescued her would always continue
to be a second home and a second family to her. All victims fear retaliation from their
captors, hence they look to their rescuers for protection. In the process of rescue and
rehabilitation most victims form an emotional bond with their surrogate family and start
experiencing feelings of trust. Therefore keeping in constant touch gives the victim a
sense of security and confidence to find her home and village.

								
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