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Odanadi Seva Samsthe’s WAH Proposal: Frequently Asked Questions Q1: Has construction of the rehab center started? (It looks like it has since Asha has Formatted already provided some funds for it). What is the total Remaining cost of the structure and when is the estimated completion date? Yes, construction of the rehabilitation center has been started. A photograph of the Odanadi building (od_building.jpg) is available at http://groups.yahoo.com/group/TheRameshFiles/files/odanadi_wah2003/ Pictures of the plan (Plan3.jpg) and blueprint (blueprint.jpg) have also been posted. The photograph was taken in the first week of December. The current status is that the roof and walls have been built for 2 floors. The total funds that have been raised so far are Rs. 21.5 lakhs and we require another 34 lakhs (excluding Architect and Contractor fee). The Govt. of India has promised another 12.5 lakhs that is expected to be released in the next year. The estimated completion date depends on the funding, but I estimate it to be around the April of next year. Q2: Could you provide some more details as to the Government's involvement with Formatted this project, e.g. do they provide other support besides monetary. How much do they fund per year? Besides providing monetary support (Rs. 25 lakhs for the building, of which Rs. 12.5 lakhs has been already handed), the Government has shown support through the police and administrative departments. There are always some police inspectors who accompany the Odanadi team when they crack down on the traffickers. In addition, the police stations from nearby regions, even those from across the state, often send rescued girls to Odanadi for rehabilitation. Recently, Odanadi was conferred the Republic Day Award, by the Government of Karnataka, in recognition of their work. Under the "Swadhar" scheme, the Government recently provided about Rs. 7.5 lakhs (will check the number) for the rehabilitation of the rescued girls. This money is to be used exclusively to hire counselors and to rehabilitate the girls. The opinion and experiences of ‘Odanadi’ related to the issue of trafficking and sexual exploitation are well taken by the state and central government in various policy-making processes. Formatted Q3: How much money has already been raised for the construction and through Formatted what means? The total estimate for the construction of the building is Rs. 64 lakhs (as per the original estimate). So far, funding has been raised from the following sources: Asha - Cornell : Rs. 1 Lakh Local Donations: Rs. 1.85 Lakhs Asha – Silicon Valley: Rs. 6.10 Lakhs Govt. of India: Rs. 12.5 Lakhs ================== Total (approx): Rs. 21.5 Lakhs ================== In addition, outstanding funds of Rs.12.5 lakhs are expected from the funding from Govt. of India during next year. The Govt. of India allocated/promised a total of Rs. 25 lakhs. Q4: How likely is it that the remainder of the funds will come in and through what Formatted sources? We are looking for Rs. 15 lakhs through WAH. Odanadi is confident of raising the money from other organizations. Back in Aug 02, when Ramesh DodamaniI first visited the project, they had only the foundation, and about Rs. 1.4 lakhs. Considering the progress so far this should be feasible. Q5: How long has Asha supported this project (just adding up the years gives us 7 Formatted years, but is this 7 continuous years, or is there some overlap)? Cornell has been supporting this project from 2000, while UIUC has supported the project for two years starting 2001. The Silicon Valley (2002), UC Irvine (2000) and Dallas (2003) chapters have supported Odanadi for a year each. I Tbelieve the 7 years that have been counted is probably a sum total of the years supported by Cornell, UIUC, Dallas, Silicon Valley and UC Irvine. Partial details of the support can be found at the central ashanet web page http://www.ashanet.org/projects/project- view.php?p=129 We are trying to get the details for each funding decisions. Q6: How many girls/children have graduated/moved on from the school and what Formatted have they progressed to? Sometimes, the parent wants to take away the resident child from Odanadi, as he/she may feel that he/she is capable of taking care of the child. This is usually because they have moved on to some other occupation or are in a better position. Of the rescued girls, some have continued their studies Formatted: Bullets and Numbering have taken up jobs after vocational training have gotten married if they are above 18 have taken up self-employment (Will get back with more details.) Q7: What is the cultural training program? It seems to be a high-cost venture and I Formatted am not sure what the benefit/aim of it is. Well-known experienced folk artists will be used to teach the children about the dances and delivering of the songs and dialogues. There will be many resource persons teaching different things. Children will be taught to play various traditional folk instruments. These programs are of song and dance type, as well as street dramas. To make the campaign effective and noticeable, the children will be dressed in traditional dresses (who will notice a group of children dressed in old clothes?). These dresses as well as the musical instruments cost money. (Will get details of the cost) The main objective the campaign is to create awareness among the villagers about the burning issues like trafficking. The duration of the cultural campaign is about a week. Three to four villages can be covered in a day. Approximately around 30 programs will be organized within a week time. For this purpose a mini bus will be hired to cover a distance of 200 km per day. The above is one part of the total awareness program planned by Odanadi (based on funds available). Different strategies and available resources will be adopted to propagate the concept of anti-trafficking program and to awake the people against the traffickers. Wall paintings, discussions, posters, street plays, documentaries, rallies etc. will be planned as a part of awareness program. The cost for the cultural training has to be viewed with the impact in mind. Unlike many other programs this is a wide reach, high impact campaign targeted at creating awareness Q8: In what ways does reintegration of rescued girls happen? i.e. how well are they Formatted accepted, what do they do, what training is provided to them? How are social stigmas dealt with? Please see section 4.3 in the current proposal available at http://www.ashanet.org/projects-new/documents/129/OdanadiWAHfinal.doc It provides details of the rehabilitation and reintegration procedure through counseling, support and follow-up. Q9: What are the duties of the staff for whom salaries are requested under the Formatted WAH project? Formatted Formatted The following persons will be in the team under WAH project. a) Project Coordinator: Formatted The main responsibility of the project coordinator is to co-ordinate the day-to-day operations of the program. He is in-charge of the project and responsible for its execution and maintain the finances. He supervises the work of the team and guides them on to the right track. b) Residential Supervisor: Formatted The residential supervisor is an essential member of the team and she takes care of the children at Odanadi at the residential home and acts as the guardian. Her main responsibility is to look after the children and she acts as the liaison between the organization and the residential program. c) Cook: Formatted The responsibility of the cook is to prepare food for the children thrice a day (breakfast + 2 lunch + evening snacks) and guest refreshment. d) Accountant: Formatted Formatted The accountant looks after the daily financial transactions and maintains the accounts and financial books. In addition, she is responsible for balancing the budget for the program. e) Security person: Formatted The target group of this project is girls rescued from vulnerable situations. During the daytime, the women staff is tied-up with taking care of the children and hence a security guard is necessary to keep vigil and guard the premises and prevent destructive elements from targeting the inmates and the project. f) Office assistant: Formatted The office assistant renders support to the project coordinator in addition to assisting with the operations of the project. Q10: How much support does Odanadi get from the State Police during the rescue Formatted operations? Formatted Odanadi gets very little support from the State Police. However, on the day of the raid, the Odanadi team takes a head constable or a Sub-inspector with them so that they see the traffickers being caught red-handed. Q11: Why does not Odanadi leave the Police to handle rescue operations as well as Formatted exposing the trafficking networks? Wouldn’t Odanadi’s effort be better spent on improving the infrastructure and capabilities to serve more children? If all Odanadi did was take care of the children, then they would have been yet another NFE and no different from many of the projects supported by Asha. They have taken up a cause which no other group or institution wants to handle. Bringing the traffickers to book is not a high priority for the police. If the police come across any case, then MAYBE they will take some action. But in most cases due to political connections, the culprits go unpunished. On the other hand, the hundreds of young girls who are forcibly pushed into prostitution are deprived of their right to live and justice, and they have no one to turn to. Here are a few examples: Example 1: A guy by the name of Vishwa Sagar was running a residential school Formatted for boys and girls rescued from child labor. He was also the president of the Campaign Against Child Labor coalition in Karnataka. Odanadi came across a girl who was molested many times by Sagar and made pregnant and later forced to undergo an abortion. It was found that Sagar was doing this to a lot of girls in the school he was running for the past few years. Odanadi put in an enormous amount of effort in investigating and uncovering the facts in this case (costing more than Rs 30,000, funded by a few Asha and AID volunteers). Court cases were filed against him, the NHRC conducted an investigation, the state COD initiated an investigation, and a warrant was issued for his arrest. He absconded; the police couldn't trace him and were asking Odanadi to find him. The above coalition members, consisting of 50 NGOs woke up to the issue and are more vigilant to abuse of children in their organizations. When Odanadi heard about the case they did not want to do anything (only) because they did not have the money. Had Odanadi stuck to serving the children, would an awareness as that created by this case possible? Example 2: This is about a 13-year-old girl Pavitra who was in 9th class, and was Formatted married off as the second wife of a 25-year old who already had a child. The girl was Formatted very interested in studies, but neither the in-laws nor her parents wanted any of it. So she ran away from home, and was kidnapped by an unscrupulous couple (most likely to shipped off to a distant brothel). She escaped and was brought to Odanadi. Year’s back, her parents had tied her up in gunny bag and were going to drop her in a river, the reason being that she was a girl child. Somebody saved her, though. Anyway, later her parents and in-laws came to Odanadi and threatened the staff to release the girl. Since she was a minor girl, and did not want to go back home, she would not be sent unless her parents filed a case (of say kidnapping) against Odanadi. They wouldn't do that because they had married off a minor girl. The Deputy Commissioner of Mysore (who is the dist. magistrate) supported Odanadi and allowed the girl to stay with them. So her parents (who are dalits) spread false rumors and instigated the dalits in Mysore to threaten the people at Odanadi. About 150 people gathered at Odanadi with weapons and kerosene to kill the people and burn down the building. Parashu single-handedly resisted all of them. When the police were called, they came, but 8 hours later. Pavitra now lives at Odanadi and caught up with the studies. Even though she missed several months of school, she has worked hard and is confident of passing the class this year. It would have been very easy for Odanadi to ignore this case and let Pavitra become one of the thousands of girls subjected to social injustice. But they didn't. Do you think they did the right thing? Example 3: Lakshmi is a girl who was abused sexually by her brother since she Formatted was young. When she was a teenager, she became pregnant due to her brother's advances. Later the guy sold her off to an international gang involved in trafficking in Kerala. She was thus forced into prostitution. Odanadi later rescued her and caught her brother who was handed over to the police. The guy feigned sick and was hospitalized. But he escaped. He then would make anonymous calls to the girl at Odanadi and threaten her with dire consequences if she did not come to him. She was in constant fear of him. The Odanadi team was in constant lookout for him. So once when he called they trapped him. He later related how the girls were being lured from rural areas by postmen, telephone operators, police constables acting as agents. He was handed over to the COD in Bangalore for further investigation where he led to the network of people in the ring. The Odanadi team later apprehended the leader of the international gang in Kerala. But the police refused to cooperate, for the very same reason suggested above, that Odanadi stick to charity and get into police affairs. I don’t know where the gang leader is today, but if was let go, then he is merrily luring away more girls to be shipped off to the brothels in Kerala and the gulf countries. Since the brother was caught, Lakshmi is very much relieved and a much happier girl. Is the life of one such girl Lakshmi, worth the effort that goes into it? There are lots of such cases, and many times the Odanadi team have put their lives at risk. That is the cause they have taken up and intend to continue working for. Do you still think they should stop? Q12: How long does a typical rescue operation take and can you provide more Formatted details about the rescue operations? The duration of travel during the rescue operation cannot be anticipated and specified. Normally this operation covers a long distance with long working hours, which starts from the supply areas (from where girls are trafficked) and carries the operation on inter-state level including the demand areas of towns and metropolis. An average of 15-20 days is required to conduct one rescue operation. Details of two rescue operations are provided in the appendix as examples. Formatted The following are questions which were discussed at the Conference call. We are putting them for availability to everyone. Raj, one of the reviewers, gave three reasons why this project nicely fits in to WAH: a) Special children b) A number of Asha chapters have had past association with Odanadi c) A larger fraction of the amount of funds requested is for infrastructure. Q13. Isn't Rs. 64 lakhs too much for supporting 25 rescued girls? Formatted Ans : There are currently 23 rescued girls in 'Prayoga Patha'. However, the rehabilitation center has been designed to support a total of 100 girls/children. So this amount is for building a center for 100 girls. Also, this group is a fluid one, girls leave after Odanadi succesfuly helps them reintegrate either through a profession or through contact with their family. So, the infrastructure, which is going to be good for about 20 years would impact a lot more people than the capacity Q14. Provide an overview of the funding that has been Formatted received for the building construction. Ans : We reviewed the list that Anirban has already sent in the FAQ document. Formatted Asha cornell gave the initial investment, Asha SV gave some money, and GOI gave 25 lakhs approved, out of which Rs. 12.5 Lakhs has been given. Currently they have raised 34 lakhs. Among the Rs.30 lakhs that is needed, Odanadi has requested WAH for Rs. 15 lakhs. Q15. If Odanadi has already done this well with raising Formatted funds, maybe they can manage without WAH support. So, wouldn't WAH funds be better spent on other projects? ANS : No. All said and done Rs. 30 lakhs is a lot of money and Odanadi cannot expect to raise any more money from the Govt. of India. By requesting only half the necessary funds, they are putting a lot of pressure on themselves to find alternate sources and in the mean time demonstrate a confidence that they can raise these funds, But, if WAH does not fund them it is going to ve extremely hard for the to raise the funds and the rehabilitation center would be delayed. Even the current building for Prayoga Patha had been built in 1995 through funding by CRY . Formatted Q15 . How does Odanadi deal with transparency of funding sources? Specifically, Formatted does Odanadi disclose this information to the women, children, local people & others that support Odanadi. ANS : We agree to the suggestion of "active disclosure" by declaring the assets to the interested community to ensure transparency. As of now, the account books are open to the public and any peson who is interested can talk to any of the staff or volunteers and find out about the sources of income. So, Odanadi is very transparent about the funding sources. Q16 . In the past, how have they managed to collect recurring expenses for the Formatted rescue + trafficking operations. ANS : They have raised these funds in various ways, a) local donations b) UNIFEM c) Govt, under the Swadhar scheme. [We did not provide actual details of the funding amounts. Jai will take the action item of including more information, esp the Swadhar scheme, in the FAQ document.] Formatted Q17. How have they managed to raise fund for the educational expenses? ANS : CRY funded them initially from 1995. After three years they slowly pulled out due to lack of funds. Odanadi managed with funding from other sources, esp various Asha chapters. Q18. In the examples that we have provided in the proposal and the FAQ, we Formatted mention of incidents were goondas and others have tried to attack the staff and inmates of Odanadi. How does Odanadi handle the security issues? ANS : Odanadi has a security guard to handle such incursions. In addition, Parashu is a well-built guys who has in the past managed to single-handedly tackle such elements. Just goes on to show how brave these folks are in handling such situations. Also Asha-SV has funded the construction of a compound wall(which is nearing completion) which will prevent incursions by unrulyelements. In addition, one of the activists Nagamani, who was beaten up by the policebadly during one of the earlier cases, that too when she was pregnant,is a brave woman who can challenge the goondas etc. Q19. Raj made a comment that everyone in Asha should realise that,if we decide to Formatted fund, we will be funding a project that takes-on the system rather than playing a passive role. There is a possibilty that this mayresult in publicity for Asha where we are perceived as supporting a confrontational project, esp the rescue + anti-trafficking operation. He was also quick to add that he does not have a problem with this and he just feels that Odanadi is doing a good job, but wanted everyone in Asha to realise this. ANS : We stated that, given the nature of the special children, organizations that work towards helping the trafficked girls would have to deal with this scenario. Vested interests would certainly attempt to cause trouble. So, Asha should not shy away from supporting such a project. Formatted Q20. How good are they [government facilities] in the area? Are the children taking care of well ? Ans : We are not too sure how good the government agencies are. The only govt facility that is available is the govt hospital in Mysore city, where the children are taken when they get ill or need treatment. The facility is not bad. We will try to get information about the remand homes. Q21. How does Odanadi get access to the girls rescued by the police from the Formatted brothels and held in the Govt. detention center? Ans: We do not have any direct knowledge of this. We know that Odanadi is well known among police sources, both in Karnataka and other parts of India. Probably this helps them keep in touch with the rescued girls in the remand homes . Often the girls themselves express interest in talking to and taking shelter with Odanadi . One example is given in the project document in which one of the rescued girls, kept in the Govt detention center had a very emotional counselling center with an Odanadi volunteer . After that, Odanadi has been pleading with the judiciary and the Human Rights Commission in the area to consider her case with sympathy and get her released . They have had positive responses . Actually Odanadi does not go directly to get the rescued girls from the detention centers unless they feel that the girls are unjustly held or sufficient due-diligence is done by the police. Usually it the police and the govt that send the girls to Odanadi to be rehabilitated/temporarily housed. This includes the police/govt from other states. Q22. Is Odanadi well known throughout India or Formatted Karnataka? Ans : There have also been instances were police from Bombay and Delhi have contacted Odanadi about rescued girls. There are press clippings on the Odanadi web page(http://www.geocities.com/odanadisevatrust/clpindex.html) of such a rescue operation. Addition : Yes, they are well known among the NGOs, Police and govt in Karnataka as Formatted well as in other states. Every year, a IPS officers, people from international relief organizations, govt officers visit Odanadi to understand the issues of trafficking as well as the work being done by Odanadi. Q23 . What happens to the women that have been rescued by Formatted Odanadi? How long do they stay in Odanadi and what after that? Ans: Odanadi treats the women on a case-by-case basis. Rescued girls are provided counseling and if possible reintegrated with their family. Otherwise, based on their interest they are provided vocational training. For example, two women were given beautician training and are currently working in beauty parlors. There are at least 20 girls who have been taught weaving and chosen that as a profession. In all more than 350 women have been rehabilitated . Odanadi uses its contacts to provide economic rehabilitation for other women. Q24. How would Odanadi raise the recurring expenses Formatted after the end of the 'one year support' from WAH? Ans: If the infrastructure expenses are taken care of they have less of a worry in raising funds. They would typically try to raise these funds from various organizations, including Asha. Odanadi have also recently instituted a 'Your Odanadi' (Support a Child) program & 'Odanadi Nidhi' and Odanadi Fellow (corpus fund) aimed towards self-sufficiency. We would also assume that the Asha chapters would continue to provide some funding in the future years. Ramesh Dodamani is actively looking into making Odanadi a "Asha-Star" project. Q25. If they already have a 'Support a Child' program, Formatted why has this not been excluded from the budget? Ans: Because, they have only recently instituted this program and have not managed to raise funds from this program, yet. Q26. Are any Asha chapters considering to fund under 'Support a Child' program. Formatted In the future, would any of these Asha chapters be willing to step in if some of the donors of the 'Support a Child' program pull out of the funding. Ans: Asha Dallas has not discussed this issue. Asha Cornell has already discussed this and they are seriously considering this scheme and will make a decision after the WAH funding. If donors pull out of the program in the future, depending on a case-by-case basis Asha chapters could consider to pitch in. Appendix: Sample Rescue Operations (needs to be cleaned-up) Formatted Example 1: Trafficking network involved in flesh trade Formatted On 12.08.2002, after four months of hard work and through a pre-planned operation Odanadi was able to expose a high-tech trafficking network involved in prostitution across the state. The group network headed by a brothel owner, Choodamani alias “mobile- Choodamani” (graduated from Mysore University) and one Mariswamy, an employee of Vikrant Tyres, Mysore wasere caught red-handed., Twhile two minor girls – Sheela, a Lambani girl from a remote village of Raichur and Madhu of Satanur, Mandya District were rescued during the operation. This particular group seemed to be a well-connected and devious group using cell-phones for communicaions. They were also being backed by lot of muscle power and political clout. The persons involved in this criminal network were using sophisticated techniques, mobile phones and tricks to trap the girls into prostitution backed by invisible muscle and political powers. Choodamani, popularly known as ‘Mobile Choodamani’ (aged 43 years), has been leading her own gang for 12 years in supplying girls for sex-trade and domestic- slavery. Her husband was an employee in the health department. After deserting him due to a family dispute, she started living with Mariswamy, alias Swamy (46 years) who was working in Vikrant Tyres, undertaken by the Government of Karnataka. It is has been revealed in subsequent investigations that this couple had links to the film industry and used these connections to lure the girls into the sextrade-network. Choodamani is well- educated, having graduated in 1979 (matriculation ?) and is well-versed in a couple of Formatted languages including English. In order to protect themselves, this couple used to move Formatted around very frequently and set up new brothels at different places. Mariswamy, who also served as the Joint Secretary of Vikrant Tyres Employees Union, also used to force these girls into sex as bribery for his political motives .trafficking the girls for sex-trade and domestic slavery for the past 12 years with the assistance of her own troop of gangsters. Due to a family dispute between Choodamani and her husband who was an employee in health department, she deserted him and started living with Mariswamy alias Swamy (46 years) of Vikrant Tyres – under taken by Govt. of Karnataka. It was revealed that this couple had close contact with film industry and under the garb of this they used to lure the poor village girls for various immoral activities including prostitution. Choodamani graduated in 1979 and is well versed in multiple languages including English. It was found that this couple used to change their brothels from place to place and from time to time. Mariswamy who also served as Joint Secretary of Vikrant Tyres Employees Union was gaining political mileage by pledging the innocent girls for sex. Moduse of Operandi: The network created by this couple was a highly profitable and organized one that stretched extended across the state to other metropolitan cities. As an instance, we found a Lambani minor girl from a village in Raichur being dressed up as a convent-schoolgirl and earning Rs 5000-10,000 from each customer for her “Madam”. During the operation it was found that the couple had informers and assistants who were organized in village- level, district-level and for the cities and towns. We strongly suspect that they have informers from the tribal communities also. Unlike the other brothel-owners, Choodamani used to provide the girls with good food, liquor, medicine and clothing so as to be able to keep her business flourishing. Most of the girls she employed were either orphans or were facing problems of seperated parents. They used to bring these girls to Bangalore and Mysore by promising them good jobs or a career in the film industry. Another typical feature of this couple was that they used to keep each girl in their brotherl for only a few months before selling them off to other sex-traders in other red-light areas. The rate charged by each girl really depended on the how affluent each customer was. The minimum rate charged was Rs. 5000 . Most of the customers were from the local business community. One rescued girl told the activists that she used to charge Rs 10,000 from a non-local customer and upto Rs 15,000 from foreigners. The investment on each girl was meagre compared to the amount of profits that they used to bring in. They were used merely as instruments in this whole transaction. One particularly horrifying instance of the inhumanity perpetrated is illustrated by the fact that Choodamani used hormone injections and other medicines to boost the physical growth of her girls, thus making them more attractive to the customers. 10% of their earnings was used for their make-up, slippers, costumes and for other trainings. Their network was highly systematic and widely stretched across the state, and to the other metropolitans also. It is amazing to find an illiterate Lambani minor girl from a village in Raichur, dressed up like a convent girl, use to earn her madam a sum of Rs.5,000 to Rs.10,000 from a customer. This example indicates the deeply routed foot prints of Choodamani and Mariswamy in sex trafficking from a remote village to the demand areas. During the operation it is found that this couple had their own procurers in different stages like village, district, towns, cities and to the metropolitans. We strongly suspect that they must be having strong contact with a few tribal communities. Unlike the existing methods of taming the girls in prostitution, Choodamani use to look after the girls well with good food, liquor, clothing and medicines to keep her girls charming ones. Most of the trapped girls are either orphans or facing the problems of broken families. It was revealed that this couple use to approach the teenage girls from rural families and bring them to Bangalore and Mysore promising good jobs and roles in film industry. As a part of their technique Choodamani and Mariswamy use to hold the girls hostage for a couple of months in brothels and later on sell them to middle men who supply to the red light areas and to other sophisticated brothels. Based on infromation supplied by Mrs Bharati, an Odandi activist, a group was formed comprising of sixteen members, including Stanly Parashu, Mr. Nethra Raju – Press photographer of ‘Times of India’, advocate Smt. Shobha, activists of Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha, media persons and a police personnel. Four vehicles and Autos were hired for this operation. Mr Nagaraj, a Odanadi volunteer had been able to contact Choodamani on her mobile(9844119971). For the past two months, Nagaraj had been maintaining the contact with Choodamani and trying to lure her into selling two a beautiful minor girl for a large sum of money. A sum of Rs 4000 was given out in advance, with the the notes being properly marked for later identification. They decided that the rest of the payment and the transfer of the girls will be done on 12th of August, Formatted 2002. A FIR was lodged at the Jayalakshmi Puram Police station of Mysore as a precautionary step and inorder to get police protection. As planned earlier, all the members of the Odanadi group were waiting near the B.M Hospital and kept contact through mobile-phones. Around 4 p.m. Choodamani arrived at that place on her Kinetic Honda, being accompanied by the two girls. Nagaraj was waiting in his Santro. After they met, all four of them drove off in the Santro. The other group members followed them on cars, while maintaining a reasonable distance. As per the plan, Nagaraj had not brought the rest opf the money and struck up a quarrel with Choodamani. She even tried to call members of her gang on her phone. She finally agreed to part with just one girl for the amount of money being offered. Suddenly after that she decided to get down and call off the deal. She called up Mariswamy, who was also apparently following them in another car, to pick them from from there. Meanwhile, the Odanadi group reached that place and Choodamani and Mariswamy were arrested under PITA 4 & 5 and 366, 366(A) of IPC for kidnapping and procuring minor girls. The rate of earning through a girl was based on the economic condition of the customer but not less than Rs.5,000/-. Most of their customers were business people, politicians and black money holders. A rescued girl told the activists that she use to earn Rs.10,000 from inter state customer and upto Rs.15,000 from a foreigner. The percentage of investment on each girl was very meager as compare to their daily earnings. Unfortunately, the girls were mere instruments in the sex-trade benefiting themselves three meals a day, glittering costumes, alcohol and medicines. It was also told that Choodamani use to supply harmone injections and other medicines to boost the physical growth of the minors. 10% of their earnings was used for their make-up, slippers, costumes and for other trainings. On a tip of information collected by Mrs. Bharati, an activist of Odanadi, a trapping net was formed comprising sixteen activists which included Stanly Parashu, Mr. Nethra Raju – Press photographer of ‘Times of India’, advocate Smt. Shobha, activists of Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha, media persons and a police personnel. Four vehicles and hired Aatos were used for this operation. According to the plan Mr. Nagaraj, a Odanadi volunteer who could able to contact Choodamani on her mobile no. 9844119971. From the past two months, Nagaraj successfully maintained a pseudo relationship with Choodamani through mobile contact and carefully employed a scheme in action and lured Choodamani of purchasing the beautiful minor girls for higher amount of money. A sum of Rs. 4,000 (each note had a signature and date) was given in advance. The date of full payment and handing over the girls was decided as 12th August 2002. A complaint was lodged with Jayalakshmi Puram Police station of Mysore as a legal information and to take police protection. As planned earlier, all the activists scattered in distances from B.M. Hospital. Most of them had mobiles phones to contact each other. Around 4 p.m. everything was decided and prepared. Choodamani came with the two girls in her kinetic honda and reached the place as promised Nagaraj. Mr. Nagaraj was waiting in white santro car to meet Choodamani along with the girls. All the persons were seated inside and the car moved from west towards east with careful driving so as to keep proper approximation between the santro and the other vehicles were behind. Since Mr. Nagaraj has deliberating not brought the remaining amount of money, Choodamani took up quarrel and began to call her men. The conversation resulted in a heat wave between them. Choodamani wanted the deal instead of two girls she was ready to part with one because the stake amount was not fulfilled even though Mr. Nagaraj has promised that he would pay the balance in his farm house. In this regard contacted over phone, the lady believed the whole issue. But the lady wanted to get down all of a sudden reasons known to her, the car was stopped but she could not escape from the clutches of Odanadi activists and the other prosecuting agencies. This is anti climax of the whole operation. In continuation of the above climax the interesting point Odanadi activists and the car in which Mr. Nagaraj and associates were moving on the vehicles that were moving carefully approximate. The whole net was moving in concerned with one another. The car in which Mr. Nagaraj along with Choodamani had developed a great heat wave over the stake value, perhaps Mr. Nagaraj purposefully played the card to create the problem and confusing the party even she went up to a point to contact rowdies her over mobile phone. In this process, one Mr. Mariswamy a senior employee of Vikrant Tyres who was working with close contact with Choodamani was also following the car to pick her back from the point to be alighted. The law took its course of action (PITA 4 & 5 and 366, 366(A) of IPC under kidnapping and procuring minor girls). The above said two girls meniotned above belonging one from North Karnataka and other from Satanur village of Mandya. belonging to very poor family. Sheela (a rescued girl): An young illiterate girl from Lambani community,y s. She became a helpless victim of flesh trade age at an early age 12 years. helpless and lonely, Choodamani took the undue advantage of her situation After being taken to Choodamani’s brothels, Sheela being an illiterate learnted Kannada, Hindi and other languages and started to use liquors. She also played small side-roles in some films. Sheela wanted to b made into a “modenr call-girl” and therefore agreed to be subjected to Deconuerobolin injections. After being rescued she is currently at the Mysore Remand Home. and other habits including liquors and small side roles in films. Girl became lured over she was taken to made a modern call girl like including Deconuerobolin injections after being rescued she is in Mysore Remand Home, no need to say Choodamani and Mariswamy are in the jail. Other person namely garment manager is absconding. Madhu (a rescued girl): Madhu is also an illiterate girl from a fisherman’s family in Mandya in the Satanur village. Her brother refused to take care of her and she was finally lured by the sextrade- agents and sold to Choodamani. Beiong a minor, she was placed at the government remand home initially after the rescue. Odanadi activists want to point out at this point at her case to illustrate how much of a trauma these girls have to go through, having been lured once into the clutches of such traffickers. In an emotionally charged outburst, the girl confided in Mrs Shobha, a Odanadi volunteer and sought help from them. Odanadi has contacted the concerned state governement authorities besides the princial Secretary of the Women and Child Development Program, Mrs Shobha Nambisan in a bid to take up the cause of this poor girl to help her reintegrate with society. Odanadi has also assumerd them of full cooperation at any stage. The prosecution in the case, the judiciary and the government officials have promised to handle her case with care and sympathy. An illiterate girl from Mandya belonging to Satanur village a fisher group family an orphan not care by her own brother somehow reached Bangalore lured by the agents and ultimately sold to Choodamani. Being minor she safety rescued and secured in government remand home. Odanadi wants and makes aware the public how the evil could work where there is a drought (illustration from Gujarat) and battered children and innocent children generally lured at by small ambitions that is no wonder if we say such a shock these sufferred in the hands of Mobile Choodamani would take number of months to become normal. An emotional event that girl was willing to Odanadi convincing her feelings with a lady member Mrs. Shobha and started crying. Odanadi has contacted the concerned authorities, state government and women and child development department Principal Secretary Mrs. Shobha Nambisan, and other higher authorities to take up the cause and reviewed. At appropriate stages, Odanadi has also assured full cooperation at any stage without any hesitation. Of course, the prosecution authority and the government officials have given full support over the issue. As a further legal step Odaandi also approached NHRC and filed a complaint against the trafficker’s network seeking justice to the survivorexploited women s and requesting to conduct a higher level of enquiry into the sex-trade network. Thanks to the NHRC which has considered the complaint with adequate importance and has promised pursing legal support forof Odanadi. Example 2: Vijayan’s Case (needs to be cleaned-up) Formatted Formatted International prostitution network atlast Vijayan was caught. “It is possible for girls to live a prostituted life. The disparities in the society like social, economic inequalities can be setrate by prostitution only”. These are the great principles with which Vijayan started with a knew dimensions Vijayan. His full name Vali Perambal Raghavan, Vijayan. There is no “distinguition as caste, religion or any other restrictions. This is only method to achieve. Common universal entity on these lines he picked up belonging to irrespective of caste, religion, language, state we invite everyone with all affection to this trade. But I do not force anyone, I do not go against will who say your ever comes. Get lot of money happiness, peace of mind, freedom. “I have started with a physical approach to this vocation” Once Vijayan had told truth telephone communication. Once there was lot of problems in government. When he sat there on that vocation Miss. Prafulla Madhukar, Vimala Gowda, M.C. Nanaiah wanted to Vijayan to be arrested. Home minister Mr. Mallikarjuna Kharge had interested this issue to C.O.D. C.O.D. incharge Spl. Task inspector Mr. B.N. Krishnamurthy alongwith Odanadi activists Mr.Stanly and Mr. Parashuram have worked to catch Vijayan This man Vijayan is being called Viju, Viji, Vijaya Kumar, Vijayan Ashokan, Devagan these are all the names for the same person and also wished do to be addressed at Vali Perambal Raghavan Vijayan greatest trader in prostitution. This man belong to Kerala near a place called Trishur. His work at Karnataka, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu in all these places he has got centers to supply girls to gulf countries he had his own justification equally ---- out of this profession and his the king pin. Exposure of Vijayan: Formatted Well organised, well netted programs of prostitution which went behind the reach of common man. He had his own way of a skilling in the clutches of law. So went his trade with the principles the phylosphy which did not come to light at all. One by name Purushottam belonging to Sathanur village near Mandya had reported the matter against Vijayan about his activities in Coimbattore police commissioner office. This Purushottam belong to state handloom department peon. Dated 25.06.2001 there is an advise of the report given as follows. My wife Jayalakshmi aged 28 yrs. belong to T. Narasipura, Bommenahalli villagle, D/o. temple priest Ranganathaiah. We have a daughter aged 3 yrs. by name Gayathri. WE reside at Bangalore. On the day my daughter and my wife were kidnapped the person’s involved belonging to prostitutes. Middle man as it was later realised the name as follows Chandru of Neelasandra also Ashok. Both persons joined in selling to Vijayan of Coimbattore Vada Madurai extension Vijayan a lady broker one wife and daughter are under his custody I am confident my wife and daughter are with the custody of or with Vijayan. I beg your help in getting back my wife and daughter. The complaint so lodged to Police Tamil Nadu did not bother but Purushottam did not keep quite . He was constantly watching the newspaper. One day Odanadi heard his call but Ashoka Nagar Police Station. A complaint had already lodged. When activists Mr. Stanly and Parashuram visited Vada Madurai. There was surprise news for them. In fact, Jayalakshmi was not kidnapped by Vijayan whereas Purushottam had engaged to Vijayan Vijayalakshmi on contract basis. When contacted by Odanadi, Vijayan reported that “Jayalakshmi very much truth were was she an own will she is not kidnapped according to agreement, she should be with us ----- under July 8th. In this connection we have surrendered her to the Vada Madurai Police station to our lawyer. Therefore having said Vijayan escaped. When purushottam visited Vada Madurai police station, Jayalakshmi was surprised “see this is the man who spoiled my life by age he is 20 yrs. elder, besides I am his relative. In fact, he should have be my brother. In fact, I was his third wife, driven me into the prostitution. His clients were senior officers. In fact, he alone sent me here and he playing all the game”. Shouting with all anger. On looking at this issue, turning against him, Purushottam ran away from the place. On the way he almost caught between railway reils, got his legs broken. When Jayalakshmi exposed to the realities of Odanadi, another chapter of new prostitution started. Vijayan as well as Purushottam had their own close net works of the prostitution, a link with in limits. Until matter was reported to C.O.D. by Karnataka government, Vijayan was available on cell phone. When the inquiry started his whole net work was exposed. Vijayan’s Tactics: Formatted Infact Vijayan was running prostitution like a benefit scheme. He had his own agents in various states. In Tamil Nadu Ganga-Yamuna-Saraswathi T.V. Serial famous female character Pavithra, Kerala Calicut Sindhu alias Usha Devi, Yernakulam’s Meena all total 7 people were the wives of Vijayan! All these wives of Vijayan were the agents of Chennai, Coimbattore, Palghat, Calicut, Yernakulam of Vijayan running brothel. In Karnataka, by name Chandramma belonging to Coimbattore, Jayamma of Hunsur, Neela Sandra’s Ashoka of Bangalore, Parashurama, Chandra also Railway department Saroja all these persons belonging to Vijayan group. Recruiting girls, Purushottama was an agent of Ashoka of Neela Sandra. There was a rule by Vijayan that no girl was forced to the trade. Also,the girls recruited from a particular place are to be taken to different places, also to follow the various rules and tacticts as per mine instructions. Infact, the reruits details were to be kept top confidential. Each every girl recruited could only stay maximum 2 to 3 months, where as this rule has a relaxation to girls going outside to the country. Once the term was over, no occation to rejoin the center. During the agreement period the loss and gains, the party had full liberty. After the agreement minimum Rs. 50 thousand or 3 lakhs entitled to get the gifts. Who so ever agreeing to this type of contract with Vijayan rules and regulations, after the term further 3 yrs. could work Vijayan trade. During the break period, entitled to get honorarium of Rs. 2,000. The beauty of such a recruit to introduce the beautiful girls to the trade. Once the girls selected to the net of trade, her age, looks, her verginity all these elements should count and entitled to free gifts viz. Kinetic honda, T.V., fridge, gas stove cooker etc. There are attractive girls and ladies for willing to take up this trade and abide by the rules of Vijayan in Karnataka only. In any occasion would lead to doubt to any person where a girl enjoying all the benefits. TO avoid this situation, Vijayan institution have adopted Udaya T.V., E T.V., Z T.V., Star Plus, Akashavani letter heads “wherein whatever competitions we had conducted you are the winner of these competitions therefore you are entitled to the gifts as well as monthly income” So goes the letter. The new recruits of Vijayan, had their names, in the training list duly entered in government department letter heads. So letters of order despatched. Various departmental false letter heads, rubber stamp, employed of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and also other states. This is Vijayan’s and his achievements! “What is wrong in me? People with full knowledge of terms and condition of our organisation. When there is voluntary consent while were ---- tracking well what is wrong we have our philosophy does not aspect to force others the relationship between man and woman nature role. What is wrong in this role some girls take up prostitution out of economic necessity and will we permanent. I am against this type of prostitution. My intention is not to be retain as permanent prostitution. Earn a life ---- in a life time. This is how I want to achieve no difference rich and poor This is my major thought. Purushottam husband of Jayalakshmi, Chandramma Jayamma etc. Inspector B.N. Krishna Murthy and his collegues were successful in handling the culprit. This truth Vijayan wanted man the police. They had not considered major issue because many police officers officials were permanent client of Vijayan. In Vada Madurai, a diary relating to L.R. Shivarame Gowda and many other chief minister’s phone numbers, home minister’s phone numbers were also there. In the law court of Coimbattore Vijayan lawyer had inpersonanted by his lawyer Chelva Muttu and alleged that so used to man as Vijayan. Since no bail was granted, this said man had decamped from Coimbattore. Vijayan presently in Kerala was moving around and different names. He had a pass port under the name Vijayan Niyal. Presently, staying in girls by name Mohammed Kutty and brothers and his associate. Chunari resorts of Calicut. PROJECT PROPOSAL NAME OF THE PROJECT : RESCUE AND REHABILITATION OF SEXUALLY EXPLOITED MINORS FROM TRAFFICKING. FACTS AND FIGURES OF THE ORGANISATION: PERIOD : ONE YEAR. GEOGRAPHICAL AREA OF THE : RESCUE OPERATIONS (INTER- PROJECT STATE) COVER THE SOUTH INDIA AND THE REHABILITA- TION PROCESS TAKES PLACE IN KARNATAKA. NAME OF THE ORGANISATION : ODANADI SEVA SAMSTHE(REGD.) POSTAL ADDRESS : 15/2, Gowtama Nagar, S.R.S. Colony, Hootagally Village, Belawadi Post, Mysore, Karnataka, India. STATUS OF THE ORGANISATION : Registered Trust. YEAR OF REGISTRATION : 10th August 1993. REGISTRATION NUMBER : 618/93-94 TELEPHONE NUMBER : Office – 402155 Resi - 403371 303812 WEBSITE : www.odanadi.org E-MAIL ADDRESS : email@example.com CHIEF FUNCTIONARIES : “Stanly Parashu” (Mr K.V. Stanly & Parashuram M.L.) INCOME TAX EXEMPTION : Registered under 80 (G) and 12A of Income Tax Act. F.C.R.A. NO : 094590130 DATED 22-9-98 CHARTED ACCOUNTANT’S : Mr. J.R. Manjunath, B.com., F.C.A NAME No. 375, 14th Main, Ananda Nilaya, Saraswathipuram, Mysore Ph: 344698 (o) 542744® Tele fax : 542744 a factestimatedtwoonefrom Karnataka can be found in the brothels are supplied every year to the brothels of today, just from Karnataka alone More than ninety percent of the women and children trapped into prostitution are from rural areas. Rural women and families often a have very limited knowledge of the law and the availability of jobs in urban areas and the traffickers use this to their advantage. In almost all the cases, a person well known to the victim, a remote relative, friend, acquaintance, or in some cases, the potential husband, facilitate the trafficking process. The agents are known to marry women legitimately before taking them away to be sold. Often there is a contract drawn, to convince the parents of the legal validity, before taking over the youngsters. In cases of rape and illegitimate relations, victims often think that since they have lost their virginity, they are unacceptable to society and choose the alternative of working as prostitutes as it gives them a degree of financial independence. It has been observed that more often than not, women relatives or acquaintances are used for recruitment, since they are less likely to seem suspicious. These ‘madams’ also have assured places in reaping the benefits of the trafficking syndicates. There have also been cases when these recruiters take money from the families of their victims, claiming it as compensation for their efforts. Some prostituted women fall into the debt trap and are forced to work as bonded laborers and are set free only if they bring in a girl from their village as a replacement. Therefore, prostitutes are often used in the trafficking process. Pimps, traffickers and recruiters from different areas collect at pre-determined locations with “recruited” women and children before taking off to various destinations. It seems obvious that the owners of these places - hotels, restaurants, motels, houses, apartments, truck stop or sleeping carriages - as well as the transporters are well aware of the intentions and nature of the transactions and actions being carried out. There are no apparent standard procedures for transportation. Some times the girls are collected in groups and taken to their destination. At times, they are brought in individually to the intermediate location where they meet with other co-travelers. Small time traffickers apparently do their own recruiting as the middlemen, who then sell the “load” to organized trafficking syndicates. There are reports of women being raped as a form of initiation during the journey. These trafficked women and girls are sold into different trades, of course without their consent, and a large number of them are traded into prostitution. A number of women are forced in to domestic labor and they are at the mercy of the employers who freely abuse, torture and exploit them. There is a great demand for cheap labor and the trafficked women and girls are best suited for this sector because they have no option but to accept what ever is offered to them. Besides being migrants they have no recourse to legal or police help. A large number of them can be found working in houses, factories and various shops. They are overworked, underpaid and enjoy absolutely no facilities or rights. In other cities these trafficked women and young girls can be found in the massage parlors from where they are picked up by customers for sexual pleasures. A lot of young girls are victims of sex tourism, mail-order brides, barmaids and cabaret dancers. The nature of employment varies with the needs of the demand areas. Hurdles in rescue and rehabilitation Active involvement in the rescue of the victims of prostitution is not only difficult but also dangerous. It is important for those working in the rescue operations to build a strong rapport with the sexually exploited women and understand thoroughly the powers operating the trafficking networks. These networks are wily, operate in a sophisticated manner, vigilant and often have arms extending across state boundaries. It is hence important to do sincere groundwork on the basis of the collected information and plan different strategies. Keeping the police and press well informed, being prepared to document the evidence on paper and audio/video also play vital roles in deciding the fate of a rescue operation. In short, only a socially committed, courageous, meticulous and disciplined group can become successful rescuers. Rehabilitation of rescued women and children is an equally daunting and sensitive task. Continuous follow-up actions, emotional and economical support, are the first steps to successful rehabilitation. It is essential to evoke a sense of belonging in the victims, help them get over their feelings of helpless rage and learn to trust the society again. Putting back together the pieces of brutalized lives needs an immense amount of patience, love and money. Lack of adequate understanding of these issues and lack of emotional involvement often cause a lot of pain for the victims on their road to rehabilitation. In many cases police suspicion and humiliation have essentially pushed back the rehabilitated victims into the flesh trade. It is therefore of primary importance that the NGOs involved in the process and the relevant government agencies like the police put their heart and soul into the task. Venky fill this section… Odanadi believes in a multi-pronged approach to fight the problem of sexual exploitation, which addresses both the causes that lead to a flourishing sex trade and the rescue, rehabilitation and empowerment of women and minors sucked unwittingly into the clutches of the trafficking networks. Odanadi has developed a multi-pronged approach to address the problem of trafficking. The objectives of this project are: To create awareness, provide training and influence policy-making on anti-trafficking. To rescue women and children from the clutches of traffickers and to expose the organized trafficking networks. Rehabilitation and reintegration of the rescued women and children. More than 90% of the women and children trapped in to prostitution are rural folks. The patriarchal needs of the society and socio-economic, cultural and religious factors have been trapping them into different fields including prostitution. National and International policies on development are pledging the interests of the common people to boost the urban development. Adverse developmental policies have resulted in rural families losing their livelihood and many vulnerable women and children succumb to the social evil of prostitution. Rural women are simpletons and the traffickers count on the limited knowledge of the parents to make their daughters victims of prostitution. It is also a fact that over 2 lakh girls from Karnataka can be found in the brothels of Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi and Pune. In spite of the measures and the impact of Odanadi’s programs, we feel that the issue of trafficking is not been addressed in the villages that are the supply areas. We plan to train and enlighten the rural masses on trafficking issues through continuous dissemination of information, conducting training and awareness programs, formation of self-help groups and by using the established organizations. We are quite hopeful that the village people will takes up this issue and in the long run comes up with strategies to combat trafficking. Within a period of 3 years, this developmental process will begin yielding results in terms of policy making. The rural voice would pressurize the state to frame policies to combat the issue of trafficking. The following strategies have been planned to create awareness among the rural masses.Odanadi plans to combat the scourge of trafficking by directly enlightening the rural masses on relevant issues through continuous dissemination of information, awareness programs and through the formation and training of self-help groups. We believe that the resulting increase in rural awareness will ultimately translate into viable government policies and laws against the practice. Odanadi’s strength is its relationship with the people and people’s organizations. Prominent NGOs, women’s organizations and youth federations are familiar to Odanadi. Leading people’s movements like Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha (KRRS) and Dalita Sangha Samiti are sympathetic towards Odanadi and have been demonstrating their solidarity with us in our anti-trafficking programs. With the help of these rural organizations, self-help groups and NGOs, we plan to promote a face-to-face interaction with the rural masses to collect information about their children, who leave the villages with other people, lured by false promises, for employment opportunities. Since the issue of trafficking has not been addressed properly, this aspect will be discussed in the meetings quoting of examples of other villages that have been victimized. The cases that have been already documented will be presented to the rural masses to give them a clear picture of trafficking and victimization of rural women and children. Efforts will be made to prepare the concerned village leaders to be vigilant about the fact that “how, where, when and with whom” their children are moving out of the villages. Training programs for grass root groups As a matter of fact there are a lot of concerned groups, which are already working on rural development. But most of these groups are unaware of the issue of trafficking, since it is hardly addressed with due importance. Therefore, a training program has to be conducted to educate the groups to combat the trafficking networks. In this regard state, district and taluk level training programs will be conducted to make the volunteers fully convinced and enlightened about the issue of trafficking and the source areas. Teachers, anganawadi workers, police, revenue inspectors, gram panchayat members and students will be trained in this regard.4.1.1 Odanadi plans to adopt Awareness programs plays a vital role in enlightening the rural mass about the burning issue of trafficking. Dvariousifferentwill be adopted awareness againstthe concept of anti-trafficking trafficking and and to educateawakento protect themselvesagainst the traffickers selectedng men and women,th t be in chargeake care. in each district. Wherever possible, tIt is difficult to address this issue to the village folk unless we he issue of sex trafficking needs to be addressed in conjunction with combating othertie this up with otherirof the villagers make them more responsive tobring them towards Programs like medical camps, legal assistance, empowerment and skill development programs will facilitate us to reach these people with our ideas. Towards this end, supportive programs that meet the needs of the community will be initiated where necessary and possible. Odanadi has an excellent relationship with several prominent NGOs, women’s organizations and youth federations. Leading people’s movements like Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha (KRRS) and Dalita Sangha Samiti are sympathetic towards Odanadi and have been demonstrating their solidarity with Odanadi’s anti-trafficking programs. With the help of these rural organizations, self-help groups and NGOs, Odanadi will promote face-to-face interaction with the rural masses to collect information about children and women falling into the clutches of the trafficking networks. Such interactions will also serve to further educate them about the methods employed by the networks through anecdotes from the experiences in other villages. Efforts will be made to prepare the concerned village leaders to be vigilant about “how, where, when and with whom” village children move out of the villages. Training programs In many rural areas, there already exist concerned groups working on various aspects of development. Many of these groups have a high motivation level and significant local support base, but are unaware of the issue of trafficking. Odanadi plans to conduct state level, district level and taluk level training programs to enlighten and convince these organizations of the need to make a concerted effort against the sex trade. Teachers, anganawadi workers, local police, revenue inspectors, gram panchayat members and students will also be included in these training programs. By launching different governmental and non-governmental programs, potential volunteers will be selected to sustain these programs in the village. Supportive programs that meet the needs of the community will be initiated. Programs like medical camps, legal assistance, empowerment and skill development programs will facilitate us to reach these people with our ideas. Policy making process Policy-making AnotherThe Odanadi’souratinCurrently, already effectively effectively in this regardExposure of trafficking networks and the rescue of girl children have been followed by a clear and crisp publicity campaignWhenever a trafficking network is exposed and the girl children are rescued, a clear and crisp publicity campaign has taken placeSimultaneously, these issues have been raised in the houses of people’s representatives as wellSimultaneously, this issue is raised in the houses of people’s representativesthrough a process of effectiveby Over the last ten years, Odanadi has carried out several well-planned operations against brothels and trafficking networks and rescued more than 400 girls from the flesh tradeThrough well-planned operations against brothels and traffickers, Odanadi has rescued over 400 girls, most of whom are minors, in the past ten years from established networks in Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh Most of the rescued girls were minors. iswas observed unfortunate tin several cases that the very people who were supposed to protect the women and children were guilty of having sold them into prostitution and for use in pornography.hat the very people that are supposed to protect the women and children are guilty of selling the minors to prostitution and for use in pornography. Shocking instancesSome shocking instances includethat had who madewho have takengirl who was actively the h tradeh trade are heart breaking examples of people traced by OdanadiIn one case, Odanadi caught an old man selling two minor girls into prostitution red-handed, much to the disbelief of the local police.The police could not believe it when we caught an old man red-handed, selling 2 minor girls for prostitution lured from a convent in Bangalore. Through active involvement and a painstaking process of collecting and acting on information gleaned from various sources, including the prostituted women themselves, reformed traffickers, police and rickshaw drivers, Odanadi has managed to unearth as many as thirteen active trafficking networks. Of these networks, one was international, five worked across state boundaries and the rest were based locally. Several operational networks still remain and a lot of work needs to be done in identifying and busting these sex rackets. s been aided directly in its rescue efforts by s achieved some of its goals with the involvement of people; especially the exploited women, organisationsorganizationsthe and the,Dd. The media, the police and other local NGOs have been very helpful as well., other NGOs, media, Women Federations and Police. In every rescue operation, these groups joined Odanadi in a show of solidarity.has nd has also s well as the conduction a few rescue operations in a year. Though the rescue operations are tough, Odanadi has been able to manage these operations due to several reasons. As Odanadi works for the empowerment and rehabilitation of prostituted women, they often provide a lot of information about the prevailing trafficking networks in the southern states. Many rescue operations have been possible only because of the active involvement of the prostituted women. Secondly, Odanadi has been receiving a lot of information to identify the trafficking networks from the police, reformed traffickers and rickshaw drivers. Most of them are yet to be identified. So far, Odanadi has unearthed as many as 13 trafficking networks among which one was international, five were interstate and the rest were based locally. Hurdles Active involvement in the rescue of the victims of prostitution is not only difficult but also dangerous. Unless one has substantial field experience, builds a strong rapport with the sexually, exploited women, as well as the powers operating the trafficking networks it is impossible to trace these networks. The trafficking and other criminal networks are interconnected, vigilant and work from a domestic to international level. They operate in a wily and highly sophisticated manner. It is also important to do sincere groundwork on the basis of the given information and plan different strategies. The police and the press should be well informed. Documenting the evidence on paper and audio/video plays a vital role in deciding the fate of a rescue operation. A socially committed, courageous, well-planned and disciplined group can become successful rescuers. Constant interaction with the victims in a non-judgmental way helps to cement a strong bond. It is essential to evoke a sense of belonging in the victims and help them get over their feelings of helpless rage and re-discover the precious feeling of trust. Putting together the pieces of brutalized lives needs an immense amount of patience, love and money. Lack of understanding of the issue, lack of public awareness, stigma attached to the exploited women and children and lack of emotional involvement among government and non-governmental agencies creates hell for the victims on the street. Though the victim is ready for rehabilitation, the society does not permit her. In many cases the police have suspected and humiliated the rehabilitated victims, and essentially pushed them back in to the flesh trade. Continuous follow-up actions, emotional and economical support, are the first steps to rehabilitation. The police, NGOs and the government will have to put their heart and soul into this task. We honestly say that though there was no proper financial plan for rehabilitation, the emotional involvement of Odanadi was the only thing, that has rehabilitated as many as 400 women with alternative livelihood in the mainstream society. Individuals with a widespread public awareness have provided the economic support. Firstly, the exploited victim needs a place to stay and people who can render emotional support. If this is done, the economic rehabilitation will not be a big problem. Another 22 girls who have got married are also doing well. These marriages were possible because of our emotional involvement and the personal attachment with the survivors. For the past 5 years, Odanadi has been running a Home for the rescued children, especially for the minor girls, 23 of whom were rescued from the flesh trade. The rescued girls are treated as normal girls, but with extra care. There is a continuous health check-up and counseling program in addition to cultural programs, meditation, recreation, group works and training. More that these, treating them all as equal has kept the girls happy. funded several of the rescue operations. BACKGROUND OF THE ORGANISATION: Odanadi is a social organisation situated in Mysore for the past 10 years, which has been working for the rescue, rehabilitation and empowerment of the victims of commercial sexual exploitation. It is also runs a home for the rescued children of both the children of prostituted and rescued from the trafficking networks to make them self reliant through education and vocational training. It conducts counseling programme for the disturbed families, and so far more than 100 families have been brought to the main stream living condition. Prior to founding Odanadi; we undertook a ten month pilot study (“Bodies For A Meal”) of the socio-economic conditions of prostituted women, their children and minor girls in Mysore district. In 1992, Odanadi emerged as a registered trust to be the ‘Odanadi’ of this ravaged group of the society. One year of situational analysis programme, really gave us a clear-cut picture about the issue of prostitution and ground realities. THE OBJECTIVES OF ODANADI: To prevent women and children from being trafficked for unlawful and immoral purposes. To organise the prostituted into a vocal group fighting against exploitation, and Formatted: Bullets and Numbering facilitate their empowerment and rehabilitation . To create a mass movement against trafficking in the source areas. Formatted: Bullets and Numbering To integrate the trafficked children and the children of exploited women into the Formatted: Bullets and Numbering mainstream and make them self-reliant through counseling, education and vocational training. To rescue women and children forced into prostitution and expose the unholy nexuases Formatted: Bullets and Numbering in the flesh trade. To assist in the prevention of rural-urban migration, which is a major contributor or Formatted: Bullets and Numbering urban prostitution. To eradicate the social taboo and rejection through sensitization of various social and Formatted: Bullets and Numbering peer groups. To expose human rights violations against women and children in all sections of Formatted: Bullets and Numbering society. To provide support to women and children affected by domestic violence and other Formatted: Bullets and Numbering socio-economic problems. To combat child labour including domestic slavery, which is one of the contributor to Formatted: Bullets and Numbering sex trafficking. As a starter “Odanadi” set about fratanising with the prostituted women who lived on the fringes of the streets of Mysore, Unacknowledged as persons, fighting for survival against crime, violence, disease and death. Though, financially handicapped Odanadi set out to work among the sexually oppressed women of the street, unmindful of public scepticism, ridicule and lack of sympathy. Many city fathers and intellectuals who has spent an entire lifetime debating on the oppression of women and had propounded various theories on the elevation of the status of the Indian women did not take too kindly to Odanadi’s enthusiasm in freeing and empowering the prostituted women from the worst form of slavery. Their opinions ranged from the usual “age old profession which had no cure” to the insensitive every society needs sex works as safeguards against sexual crime like rape etc. In this attempt to achieve its started goals, Odanadi has surmounted numerous hardships from various mainstream segments. In the initial stage, different vested interests like moneylenders, goondas (gangsters) pimps and traffickers, brothel owners, the police personnel etc. – tried to suppress our campaign against commercial sexual exploitation. Frequently the “Odanadi” activists were beaten-up seriously. Two of our activists were killed by unknown criminals. Radhamma, a very dedicated activist of Odandi succumbed to death after a severe attack on her by a local gangster. The local police also harass Odanadi activists and the exploited women routinely. The police turned even more ruthless when women, armed with legal action them. Starting with the police commissioner, right down to the constable on the street were unprepared to deal with the new and changed scenario, where the arm of law was seen as the main law breaker, and the since long “criminal” the victim. To give an example, Nagamani one of the leading and aggressive voices of Odanadi, who has rescued more than a hundred minors from trafficking, was targeted by the police. Though in an advanced stage of pregnancy, Nagamani was kicked on her stomach, by a police inspector, and sent to jail where she was harassed and humiliated and denied access to a single phone call to which all was harassed and humiliated and denied access to a single phone call to which all accused are entitled. More over false charges were framed on her. Though these acts of vandalism were meant to terrorize the women it had a reverse effect. Every humiliation and attack on a group who were religiously committed to a cause only enhanced their moral strength. With the passage of time, many of our objectives have borne fruit and in Odanadi has emerged as a people organisation, setting standards for the empowerment of the survivors of this century old vice. Today, Odanadi has successfully organised the prostituted into a vocal and powerful. The “Vimochana Mahila Sangha”, Mysore being a stronger collective with 1200 members out of whom 400 women have been rehabilitated with the alternative livelihood in the mainstream society. Odanadi has also gone a long way in eradicating the social stigma attached to the prostituted and in sensitising the mainstream society. As many as 22 women were married through widely published exercises in the presence of leading personalities. Apart from this, Odanadi operating a counseling and trauma care centre for the women of various strata afflicted by marital discord and social problems. 2.THE IMPORTANCE OF CAMPAIGN AGAINST TRAFFICKING OF WOMEN Formatted: Bullets and Numbering AND CHILDREN IN SOUTHERN DISTRICTS OF KARNATAKA: As you know, trafficking in person, especially amongst minors and the young girls are increasing enormously all over Karnataka. In our state, trafficking and sexual exploitation of children has grown multiples and visible. The trafficking is not only limited to prostitution alone but also for the purposes like forced labour, commercial gay and lesbian relationships to hire the wombs and for illegal marriages, domestic slavery, organs transplantation, for begging, for camel races. Social pressures, lack of protective laws and failure to enforce laws, social customs, poverty, discrimination within the family etc. have made young girls vulnerable to all kinds of violence, especially sexual exploitation. Because of the loopholes in the law and order system prevailing in India and since the issue of trafficking is not addressed with importance, the trafficking networks are still alive and caught free. In South India, we came to know about the internal links between the mafias, the traffickers and some corrupt officials involved because of the inefficiency of the police, border security forces, railway police etc. Thousands of girls have been trafficked into sex trade. In Karnataka, it is found that more than 1 lakh girls are supplied to the brothels of Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata. The women and girls from North Karnataka are trafficking into the sex-trade during their search for a job to gain their livelihood. Similarly, in South Karnataka, the school going young girls are missing everyday and that is not considered seriously. Domestic slavery is quite rampant and in many cases sexual exploitation of the domestic workers takes place within their owner’s family. Traffickers are using different strategies like job assurances, marriage, modeling opportunity, entrance into film land, etc. to lure the minors into the sex trade. In Karnataka, we have 27 districts with the different geographical and climatic conditions. To start with we have selected the six southern districts of Karnataka (Mysore, Coorg, Mandya, Tumkur, Hassan and Chamarajanagar) the source areas which are badly affected by this issue. Though the traffickers network has been working through out the state in an advanced way, the most affected rural population is Dalit. We have also found that the dalits of Tumkur, tribals of H.D. Kote, Hunsur and from Coorg tribal belts are being trafficked by the criminal networks for various purposes especially for prostitution, bonded labour and for domestic slavery. It is also found that the traffickers are exploiting poor financial and social conditions of the rural mass and trafficking the minors, giving false assurances. Inspite of a strong enforcement of “Devadasi Prohibition Act”, the hundreds of minors are becoming sex slaves under the red carpet of religious sanctions. These girls are also found into Southern Karnataka, though the Devadasi system is not prevailing as much. It indicates that the traffickers find their preys from accurate supply areas and spread them over the demand areas like Mysore, Bangalore, Chennai, Puna, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Kolkata and Delhi etc. 3. CONTRIBUTION FACTORS Various factors that are believed to have led to trafficking in women and children in Karnataka region are listed below: Social factors: 1.Disintegration of rural communities and familial and social nexus Formatted: Bullets and Numbering 2.Urbanization. 3.Attitudes towards women 4.Dowry 5.Polygamy 6.Marital problems, desertion etc. 7.Media images of women as sex objects. 8.Perceived sanction by religious institutions 9.Prostitution as a survival strategy 10.Violence against domestic workers 11.Forced sexual exploitation. 12.Associating family honor with women’s chastity and ostracization 13.Lack of education 14.Prevalence of feudal culture Economic Factors: 1.Industrialization and globalization Formatted: Bullets and Numbering 2.Development of Road links 3.Crisis of livelihood and job opportunities 4.Desirability of easy life promoted by consumerism 5.Large families and contracting economical resources leading children to be viewed as marketable commodities and mere productive units 6.Concentration of wealth 7.Liberalization of economies without offsetting negative impact 8.Reduction in subsistence agricultural practices. 9.Inflation and withdrawal of subsidies 10.Underdevelopment 11.Drought The above mentioned concerns, along with political and economical instabilities, developmental and health issues such as HIV/AIDS, extreme economic deprivation, man made natural disasters and general powerlessness and lack of control over life and future combine to produce push and pull factors which create conditions conductive for the flesh trade. Undoubtedly poverty is one of the most significant factor in the spread of trafficking of women, however, the social and cultural factors play an equally treacherous role. In particular gender discrimination and low esteem of women are prime reasons. The girl child from her birth is discriminated against in all spheres of life, be it existence (infanticide), food, health, education or love. She is always treated as a second-class member of the family, community and society. This causes women to hold themselves in low self-respected and makes them weak, frightened and vulnerable and powerless to resist the might of patriarchy. Marriage is another social demand, which if remains unfulfilled, can create adverse and hostile circumstances for women within the home and the society. Forced or violent marriages are also causes, which led women into the hands of exploiters, abusers and criminals. There are instances when single women have left their home to seek refuge elsewhere and have found themselves in the clutches of agents and pimps and ending up in the brothels. Divorce is another social stigma faced by women. The family and society look down upon these deserted and forsaken women leaving them alone to face the trials and tribulations of life. These women often seek solace in the wrong places and at times resort to relationships outside marriage which are temporary and result in their total alienation from their own fraternity. The movement of men from rural to urban areas and overseas to seek employment has led to the disintegration of rural family support base, social nexus and protection system initially in place. When men migrate to work, women left to behind in the villages becomes vulnerable to the enticement of traffickers. Having last other means of subsistence they may get desperate enough to agree to their terms. This makes ground for the supply. Urbanization results in creation of temporary employment leading men to leave behind their wives and family. They, in turn, create the demand for the prostituted in the cities and the vicious cycle continues. The laws pertaining to prostitution make it easier to penalize females in prostitution’s rather than brothel keepers, pimps, procurers, etc. The client is totally outside the purview of the act except in the case of minors. The law enforcement has been effective owing to the lack of convergence and co-ordination between the enforcement agencies, judiciary on the state agencies meant to provide the social support to victims. Therefore, it is extremely important and must be continually emphasized that the agents, recruiters, pimps, and gang leaders should bear the brunt of legislation and penal actions, and not led the victims be criminalised. Different stages of Trafficking: Recruitment at village/city level. Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Persons taken to designated location which is used by traffickers. Shifting to a central location where girls from different areas assemble prior to moving towards ultimate destination Travel to their ultimate destination as decided by their traffickers. Final transaction or trading at brothel/execution of sale. In almost all the cases, a person well known to the victim, a remote relative, friend, acquaintance, or in some cases, the potential husband, facilitate the process of trafficking. The agents are known to marry women legitimately before taking them away to be sold. Often there is a contract drawn, which parents sign before handing over youngsters to convince them of the legal validity. In cases of rape, illegitimate relations, because of the social set up, victims often think that since they have lost their virginity, they are unacceptable to society, as such, it is a better alternative to work as prostitutes as it gives them a degree of financial independence. It has been observed that more often than not, women relatives or acquistances are used for recruitment, since they are less likely to have suspicion cast on them. These ‘madams’ also have assured places in reaping benefits of trafficking syndicates. There have also been cases when these recruiters take money from the families of their victims, claiming it as compensation for their efforts. Some prostituted women with a loan over their head have to work has bonded laborers and are set free only if they bring in one girl from their village as a replacement. Therefore, prostitutes are often used in the trafficking process. Pimps, traffickers and recruiters from different areas collect at pre-determined locations with “recruited” women and children before taking off to various destinations. It seems obvious that the owners of this places, may they be hotels, restaurants, motels, houses, apartments, truck stop or sleeping carriages, as well as transporters are well aware of the intentions and nature of transactions and actions being carried out. There are no apparent standard procedures for transportation. Some times the girls are collected in groups and taken onwards. At times, they are brought in individually to the intermediary location where they meet with other co-travelers. Small time traffickers apparently do their own recruiting as the middle men, who then sell the “load” to the organised trafficking syndicates. There are reports of women being raped as a form initiation during the journey. These trafficked women and girls are sold in different trades and of course without their consent. As mentioned earlier a large number of them are traded into prostitution. A number of women are consumed in domestic labor also. Here they are at the mercy of the employers who freely abuse them, torture and exploit them because of their circumstances. There is a great demand for cheap labor to work at lower rates. The trafficked women and girls best suited for this sector because they have no option but to accept what ever is offer to them. Besides being migrants they have no recourse to legal or police help. A large number of them can be found working in the houses, factories and in various shops. They are overworked, underpaid and enjoy absolutely no facilities, they can be hired or fired on the spot. In other cities these trafficked women and young girls are also to be found in the massage parlors from where they are picked up by the customer for sexual pleasures. A lot of young girls are victims of sex tourism, mail-order brides, barmaids and cabaret dancers. The nature of employment varies with the needs of the demand areas. 4.MAIN OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT: Formatted: Bullets and Numbering 1.Awareness, training and policy making process related to anti-trafficking campaign in Formatted: Bullets and Numbering the source areas of the selected districts of Karnataka. 2.To rescue women and children from the clutches of traffickers and to expose the organised networks of trafficking. 3.Rehabilitation and reintegration of rescued women and children. 1.Awareness, training and policy making process related to anti-trafficking Formatted: Bullets and Numbering campaign in the source areas of the selected districts of Karnataka: More than 90% of the women and children who are trapped into prostitution are rural folks. The patriarchal needs of the society and socio economic cultural and religious factors have been trapping them into different fields including prostitution. National and international policies on development are pledging the interest of common people to boost the urban development. Adverse developmental policies have resulted in rural families loosing their daily bread and many vulnerable women and children succumb to the social events of prostitution. Rural women are simpletons can be easily count the limited knowledge of the parents make their daughters victims of prostitution. It is also a fact that over 2 lakh girls can be found in the brothels of Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi and Puna from Karnataka alone. Inspite of the measures and impacts of Odanadi programmes, we also feel that the issue of trafficking is not been addressed in the villages that is the supply areas. It is our concern to train and enlighten the rural mass about the issue of trafficking through continuous discrimination of information, training, awareness programmes, formation of self help groups and using the established people’s organisations. We are quite hopeful that the village mass takes up this issue as their own in building up some strategies to combat trafficking in a long run. Within a period of 3 yrs. this developmental process will be yielding its fruits in terms of policy making. The rural voice will pressurise on different levels of the state to frame some policies to combat the issue of trafficking. In this regard we have planned the following strategies to address the issue with rural mass. a.The positive factor with Odanadi is its relationship with the people and people’s Formatted: Bullets and Numbering organisations. The prominent NGOs, women’s organisations and youth federations are familiar to Odanadi. The leading people’s movements like Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha (KRRS) and Dalita Sangha Samiti are quite sympathetic towards Odanadi and have been showing their solidarity in all our action oriented programmes against trafficking. With the help of these rural based organisations, self help groups and NGOs. We are planning to promote a face to face interaction with the rural mass and to collect primary informations about their children who are going out of the villages with the people for employment opportunities and lured by false promises. Since the issue of trafficking is not been addressed properly, this aspect will be discussed in the meetings quoting the examples of other villages, which are victimised. The cases which are already documented will presented in front of the rural mass which give them a clear picture of trafficking where the rural women and children are victimised. Efforts will be made to prepare the concerned village leaders to be vigilant about the fact that “how, where, when and with whom” their children are moving out of villages. b.Training Programmes for the grass root groups: Formatted Formatted: Bullets and Numbering As a matter of fact there are a lot of concerned groups, which are already working for the rural development. But most of these groups are unaware of the issue of trafficking, since it is hardly addressed with due importance in the grass root level. Therefore, a training programme has to be conducted to educate and sophisticate the groups to combat the trafficking networks. In this regard state, district and taluk level training programmes will be conducted to make the volunteers fully convinced and enlightened about the trafficking issue and the source areas. Teachers, anganawadi workers, police, revenue inspectors, gram panchayat members, students etc. will be trained in this regard. c. Awareness Programmes: Formatted Awareness programmes play a vital role in enlightening in the rural mass about the burning issue of trafficking. Different strategies and available resources will be adopted to propagate the concept of anti-trafficking programme and to awake the people against the traffickers. Wall paintings, discussions, posters, street plays, documentaries, rallies etc. will be planned as a part of awareness programme. In every district a selected group of youth and social activists will be selected and trained to take care of the above said awareness programmes in each district. Regional, state, district and inter-state consultations and conferences will be conducted from time to time with an objective to deciminate the informations, to strengthen the network among the working partners and to attract the government address the issue with new approach and policies Apart from this, the rural youth and students will be encouraged to participate in the painting campaign, essay and debate competitions, story writing etc. related to the issue. It is difficult to address this issue to the village folk unless we tie this with the other developmental problems of the village. A constructive response to their immediate and long term programs will definitely gain their confidence and bring them towards our main objective of fighting against trafficking. Through launching different available government and non governmental programs, some potential volunteers will be selected to sustain the programme in the village. Some supportive programs, which meet the needs of the community, make them to participate in the objectives. Programs like medical camps, legal aid programmes, other empowerment and skill development programmes facilitate to reach the people with our ideas. c. Policy making process: The long run objective of our campaign is to come out with some new government policies against the issue of trafficking. Every possible platforms, forums and occasions will be efficiently utilised to raise this issue in the state and national level. As it is, Odanadi has been using the print and electro media effectively against trafficking. Whenever a trafficking network is exposed and the girl children are rescued, a massive clear and crisp publicity campaign has been taken place. At the same time the issues are raised and the houses of people’s representatives with importance. A few higher level enquiries are also taken place through Odanadi’s initiatives. We are quite hopeful that in a period of three years Odanadi can able to bring some changes in the government policies through political lobbies pressurised by the people’s organisations like Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha, Dalit Sangha Samithi and other prominent Women Federations. As mentioned earlier more importance will be given to this aspect during all over important occasions like conferences, seminars and consultations. It is also important to involve rational thinkers, writers, students, religious heads, community leaders, media personalities etc. to debate this issue sothat they work as pressure groups demanding favourable policies to combat the issue of trafficking. Since Odanadi’s idea and ultimate goal is to inspire the people to take political steps to combat trafficking. People’s representatives from all levels right from the village will be involved to come out with the expected results. 5. RESCUE OPERATIONS: So far, during the past 10 years, Odanadi has rescued as many as 400 girls, most of whom are minors, through its continuous and well planned operations against the brothels and traffickers who were established their networks in Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Kerala and Andra Pradesh. It is unfortunate but important to tell you that the very persons, who are supposed to protect our women and children, are guilty of selling the minors, for the purpose of prostitution, and also using them for pornography. Shocking instances of a head constable who was running a brothel, a lady teacher of reputed institution who had sold two girls to an estate owner in Coorg, a physical instructor of a renowned convent who have taken blue films of a minor and later sold her to prostitution, a doctor who raped a minor girl in a brothel, and a cinema actress engaged in flesh trade etc. are the heart breaking examples. Odanadi traced these people down. The police were not able to believe when Odanadi had caught an old man red-handed, selling 2 minor girls for prostitution lured from a convent in Bangalore. Odanadi could not have achieved some of its goals without the involvement of people especially the exploited women section, people’s organisations like Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangh, dalita Sangharsha Samithi, NGOs, medias, Women Federations and Police. In every rescue operation, the above mentioned concerned groups joined Odanadi and showed their solidarity. In the national, regional and state level, quite a few like minded and concerned groups like ATSEC India, CACT Karnataka and other people organisations have showed their timely moral support whenever the rescue operations were conducted. Thanks to UNIFEM which has timely supported the residential programme for 30 rescued girls as well as to conduct a few rescue operations in a year. Though the rescue operations are found bit tough, Odanadi could able to manage these operations because of several reasons. The most important factor remains with Odanadi is that it works for the empowerment and rehabilitation of prostituted women who often give a lot of information about the prevailing criminal networks of trafficking of Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. In many cases it was possible only with the active involvement of the prostituted women during every operation. Secondly, Odanadi has been receiving a lot of information’s and complaints on the existing trafficking networks. Informations through police, reformed traffickers, rikshaw drivers were also collected and the trafficking networks were identified. Most of them are yet to be identified. So far, Odanadi has unearthed as many as 13 trafficking networks out of whom one was international, five interstate and rest are locally based. HURDLES IN RESCUE OPERATION: Active involvement in the development of the victim’s of prostitution is not only difficult but also dangerous. Unless one has substantial field experience, build a strong rapport with the sexually, exploited women, as well as the powers operating the trafficking networks it is impossible to trace the networks. The trafficking and other criminal networks are interconnected, vigilant and work from grass root to international level. They operate in a wily and highly sophisticated manner. Hence in rescue programmes, their lacunas have to be identified, and tackled them by concentrating on our strengths. It is also important to do sincere groundwork on the basis of the given information. Different strategies have to be planned according to the situation. The police and the press should be well informed. Documenting the evidences, on paper, audio-video etc. plays a vital role in deciding the fate of a rescue operation. A socially committed, courageous, well-planned and disciplined group can become successful rescuers. Constant interaction with the victims in a non-judgmental way at there owns pace helps to cement a strong bond. It is essential to evoke in the victims a sense of belonging and help them get over their feelings of helpless rage and re-discover the precious feeling of trust. Putting together the pieces of brutalised lives needs and immense amount of patience and loads of love and piles of money. Lack of understanding the issue, lack of public awareness, stigma attached to the exploited women and children, lack of emotional involvement of government and non- governmental agencies etc. creates hell for the victims on the street. Though the victim is ready, the society does not permit her to do so. It also happens that in many cases the police have suspected and humiliated the rehabilitated victims, and in turn once again pushed them back to flesh trade. Continuous follow-up action, emotional and economical support, are the first steps to rehabilitation. The police, NGOs and the government will have to put their heart and soul into this task. We honestly say that though there is no proper financial plan for rehabilitation, the emotional involvement of Odanadi is the only thing, which rehabilitated as many as 400 women with alternative livelihood into the mainstream society. The economical support was given by individuals with widespread public awareness. In the first place, the exploited victim need a place to stay and the people who can render emotional support. If it is done, the economical rehabilitation will not be a big problem. Another 22 girls who have got married are also doing well. These marriages were also possible because of our emotional involvement and the personal attachment with the survivors. Since 5 yrs. Odanadi is running a Home for the rescued children, especially for the minor girls, 23 girls of whom are rescued from flesh trade. The rescued girls are also treated as normal girls with extra care. There is a continuous health check-up and counseling programme. Different programmes such as meditation, cultural programmes, recreation, group works, training’s… more that these, treating them all equal are keeping the girls happy. 6. REHABILITATION: After a rescue operation, the minor girls need a healthy environment to stay (a trauma care centre or a rescue home). She is at her choice to stay for any period of time till she is fully recovered from the accident. Within that span of time, the people who are involved in the developmental process have to evolve a scientific and realistic mode of rehabilitation or to reintegrate with her family. Rehabilitation involves many important factors. 1. Counseling: Formatted: Bullets and Numbering During the counseling sessions the girls showed no hesitation to share their eperiences, physchological and health problems and their desires. There are a lot of emotional problems, which will be discussed. It is our experience that the rescued girls endangered and afraid; that the pimp could find them if they go back home; that they will be outcasts in society; that they are too vulnerable without the support of a man; that they will be shame to their families; that they ae alone because they do not know where to seek help; that it will be hard to arrange their lives. In total they are afraid of their future. a.Group counseling Formatted: Bullets and Numbering b.Individual counseling. a. Group counseling programmes: Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Since all the girls were mentally prepared and wanted an emotional outlet, they started giving the preliminary informations about their pain and perils, about the persons who trafficked them about various strategies of trafficking and how they landed up and lived in the brothels. They reveal most of the facts competitively discussing each other. The counselors just listen to the girls and direct them in the session. During the group discussion the girls also reveal the utmost cruelty shown to them in the brothels. b. Individual counseling programmes: Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Individual counseling was another important session where each girl will have privacy and intimacy with the counselor and share their life stories, problems, needs and desires. The counselor encourage each girl to step firm on the ground, to remember her capabilities and recognize the strength which help her to think in a positive direction. Many girls reveal that they had attempted to commit suicide in the brothels due to intolerable tortures and sexual courses. It is common among all girls that their feelings are mixed with anger, guilt, joy and helplessness. When a girl questioned, she answered ‘it is better to have no feelings, if she had been a totally abused’. Another girl had lost her speech temporarily when her relatives showed a total rejection during the reintegration program. Unfortunately the same girl was found HIV positive during the medical counseling. The following are some of the important common feelings among the rescued girls: Anger: toward herself because “she allowed all that to happen to her”; Formatted: Bullets and Numbering toward others, because they did not protect her; toward society; that her life had been broken. Distress: of her own ability to judge people and events; Formatted: Bullets and Numbering of the people around her, even those who had not betrayed her. Suspicion: About the facts occurred in her life Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Why did these facts occur to me? Feeling disoriented: Memory problems. Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Finding it hard to recognise the days and timings Inability to stay calm in one place. Fear: to be alone, Formatted: Bullets and Numbering to be found and punished by her trafficker that people will find out that she had been a prostituted of her own anger of venereal diseases and HIV/AIDS of nightmares. Feeling guilty: that she broke cultural and religious rules Formatted: Bullets and Numbering that she made a mistake and had been “stupid” that she was not able to make money to support her family. that she is an immoral and her body and life are not clean. Feeling cheated: by the people who put her in touch with these involved in trafficking. Formatted: Bullets and Numbering by the state for not supporting her and taking bribe (police) in the brothel areas by her family. The counseling program gave the girls a new strength and hopes and washed most of their complexities away from their lives. Due to this they began to express their eagerness to reunite with their lost families. 2. Counseling for the parents: Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Unless the families of the rescued girls are properly counseled, it is difficult to reintegrate the girls. Many families had seriously put their efforts but could not succeed to trace their daughters. In some cases missing complaints have also been lodged with the local police. It is our experience that most of the rural parents heartily come forward to accept their daughters if the real facts are revealed. Therefore, we had to convince the parents with different stories such as torture in domestic slavery, mental sickness etc. These stories gained the sympathy and affection of the parents made them to accept the girls and handle them with care. This family counseling in their respective villages created a positive atmosphere for the future life of the rescued girls and made the reintegration process easier. Persons are exposed to drugs, alcoholic products, gang rape, and higher number of sexual courses obviously; they are forced to cultivate different behaviors. They may like to sleep during the days or would like to have some good food. But the denial or rejection may to their requests spoil the rehabilitation process. 4. Rehabilitation to a “Victim” not to a “Criminal” Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Though a developmental approach has been introduced to tackle the issue of prostitution, still a major segment of the society considers the victims as criminals. If we treat prostitution as a moral issue than a developmental issue, there will be dangers of treating the victims as criminals. Therefore the counseling or rehabilitation process should be free from any punitive actions against the victims of flesh trade. And the counselors, organisations and other structures should have a modern and breeder perspectives. 5. Childhood with education: Formatted: Bullets and Numbering In case of a child victim of trafficking, it is always advisable to bring the child back to childhood, which can guarantee her/him a joyful learning, a home recreation, protection and a healthy environment. 6. Economical Rehabilitation: Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Economical rehabilitation by creating an alternative livelihood is an equal as other factors of rehabilitation. But the economic support to the victim should be preplanned on the basis of the victim’s desire. Any imposed training, financial support or forced marriages leads to further problems and ultimately the whole rehabilitation becomes a failure. 7. “Marriage” as a mode of rehabilitation: Formatted: Bullets and Numbering Limited to our social system, marriage can also be treated as a better way of rehabilitating a girl who is above 18 years of age. Though it seems to be a risky and tough task, there are possibilities to lead a normal life, if proper precautions are taken and a thorough counseling is given to the groom. 8. A free and secure environment for living: Formatted: Bullets and Numbering As a matter of fact the rescued girls from the brothel areas have lived a mechanical, miserable life. The expectative situation in the red light areas and other brothels and the forcefully captivity have transformed these victims into totally a different kind of adulterated personalities. Fear, distress, anger, stubborness, inferiority, hatredness, guilty feelings, suspiciousness etc. are some of the common feelings among the rescued girls. To release them from these complexities it is require to leave them on their own for a initial period of time. This strategy helps both the counselors and the victims to understand each other. During this period the rescued girls will have a chance to understand the other victims better. In Odanadi the existing residential school for the children of prostituted women plays an important role to bringing the girls to a normal stage. It was found that the rescued girls were happy in engaging themselves with the small children, participating in day to day activities like cultural programmes and vocatioal programes, cooking kitchen gardening etc. Secondly the victims will have opportunities to mingle with Odanadi’s volunteers and sympathisers who are quite sensitive in dealing with the rescued girls. During this period, the counselor gains the confidence of the victims but no counseling programme takes place. All together this process meet the victims to feel at home. 9. Recreation and Joyful: As the rescued girls starts coming out of their complexities. Voluntarily they join the day to day affairs of Odanadi. At Odanadi cultural programmes like street plays, folk dances, mimicry, skits etc. are common to keep the girls happy. They also involves themselves in the regular vocational trainings like wool weaving, tailoring plastic wire weaving, kitchen gardening etc. 7. REINTEGRATION: Reintegration program is really a difficult job. It includes a few important components: a. The girl should be ready to go back with a new life. b. The counseling given to the girl as well as to her family should match each other and there should not be any room for distress, suspiciousness and confusions among the family members of the girls. c. The village folk should be given a positive picture about the girl. So that to accept her Formatted: Bullets and Numbering into the community. d.The reintegration should not be forced but should be a choice of the girl. Taking about all the factors into consideration, the Odanadi as a team works for the successful to reintegrate the girls one by one to their families. During the reintegration, it is not possible to take all the girls together. Each girl’s whereabouts and the real stories will be kept confidential to make their reintegration a success and to gain the family affection and acceptability. During the counseling program the girls are encouraged to forget their past. The counseling for the parents and the village folk defenitely plays a bigger role in a successful reintegration of the rescued girls. Most of the supply areas are villages and many times, reintegration becomes impossible, because of the rigid customs, traditions and the prevailing laws of the villages. Though the parents are ready to accept the girl, the villagers do not permit them to do so. So it is very important to hide the whereabouts (name, parents, place, etc..) of the victim as much as possible. As a prime factor in the rehabilitation part, counseling plays a bigger role in reintegration. But here, counseling to the parents and the third parties (villagers, teachers etc..) is mandatory the organization or the homes are required to give a positive opinions about the victim so that a supportive atmosphere can be built up in the family and the village as well. It is also an established factor that trafficking becomes easier when the parents are not vigilant and not discharging their drawbacks and limitations. In case of a severe threat from the village mass, legal and social support should be given to the girl and here family on time. FOLLOW-UP ACTION: The story of a trafficked and rehabilitated girl does not end with reintegration. In almost all cases the persons responsible for introducing or in other words selling the victim, belongs to the family, clan or village. Hence it is of utmost importance to reassure the victim that the institution or people who rescued her would always continue to be a second home and a second family to her. All victims fear retaliation from their captors, hence they look to their rescuers for protection. In the process of rescue and rehabilitation most victims form an emotional bond with their surrogate family and start experiencing feelings of trust. Therefore keeping in constant touch gives the victim a sense of security and confidence to find her home and village.
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