Ecol-1 Presentation – Vernal Pools of California – Their Ecology and Conservation
By: M.T. Westfield
What are vernal pools and how are they different from marshes
Where do they occur?
Geology and Soils and soil chemistry of vernal pool habitats
Vernal Pools in various conditions: Great Central Valley, volcanic areas,
Terrace pools and the mysterious mima mounds
The Ecology of Vernal Pools in California
Special adaptations of vernal pool residents
The concept of Ecological Islands - Endemic species of vernal pools
Unique Plant Species
Vernal Pool Conservation Issues
Vernal Pools and Biodiversity
Loss of Vernal Pools in California
Grazing – both as a management tool and its negative impacts on vernal pools
Impacts of fire
Federal Law: endangered species act and its importance to preservation of
Agencies involved – state agencies, private and volunteer agencies and
Web Sites accessed:
http://www.vernalpools.org/. information and links on basic to advanced information.
http://www.ca.nrcs.usda.gov/features/projects/cwap/wetlands.html. USDA, map.
http://www.cnps.org/links/wetland_links.htm CNPS. – series of links, other information.
Journals and Books:
Silveria, Joseph G. Pages 92-106. ‘Avian Uses of Vernal Pools and Implications
for Conservation Practice’ in: C.W. Witham, E.T. Bauder, D. Belk, W.R.
Ferren Jr., and R. Ornduff (Editors). Ecology, Conservation, and
Management of Vernal Pool Ecosystems – Proceedings from a 1996
Conference. California Native Plant Society, Sacramento, CA. 1998.
Fremontia Vol 27 no 4 and Vol 28 no 1 January 2000
Zedler PH.2003. Vernal pools and the concept of ‘Isolated Wetlands’. Wetlands:
Ebert, TA; Balko, ML. 1987. Temporary pools as islands in space and in time:
The biota of vernal pools in San Diego, Southern California, USA. Archiv
fur Hydrobiologie. 110:101-123.