Angelfish

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					   Pomacanthidae: Angelfishes
                                              Continuous
• Size: small to medium                       dorsal fin    Small
                                                            mouth
• Shape: deep, compressed
• Fins: continuous dorsal fin; tail
  rounded to emarginate
• Mouth: small with brush-like
  teeth
• Color: often brightly colored
• Distinguishing features:
  prominent spine at corner of
  preopercle
• Other: juveniles often have
  different markings from adults

                                      Deep body       Preopercular
                                                      spine
 Chaetodontidae: Butterflyfishes
                                              Continuous
                                              dorsal fin   Small
• Size: small
                                    Rounded                mouth
• Shape: deep, compressed           tail
• Fins: continuous dorsal fin; tail
  rounded to emarginate
• Mouth: small , brush-like teeth
• Color: often brightly colored
• Other: many occur as long-
  lasting pairs




                                              Deep body
   Acanthuridae: Surgeonfishes
                                      Continuous              Small
• Size: varied
                                      dorsal and              mouth
• Shape: oval, compressed
                                      anal fins
• Fins: continuous dorsal and
  anal fins; tail rounded to lunate
• Mouth: small
• Color: drab or brightly colored
• Distinguishing Features: one
  or more pairs of sharp blades
  at base of tail
• Other: diurnal; complete lateral
  line
                                         Blade at base of   Oval body
                                         tail
              Labridae: Wrasses
                                            Single dorsal
• Size: varied; mostly small in             fin
  tropics
• Shape: elongate
• Fins: single unnotched dorsal
  fin
• Mouth: often terminal mouth
  with thickened lips and
  protruding canine teeth
• Color: drab initial phase (IP)
  males and females, colorful
  terminal phase (TP) males
• Other: all diurnal; large and
  diverse group                  Terminal
                                                Elongate shape
                                 mouth
                 Wrasse: Hogfish
• Size: small to medium
• Shape: elongate or deep-
  bodied
• Fins: continuous dorsal fin; tail
  fin rounded to lunate
• Mouth: large, terminal
• Color: may change color with
  growth, but sexes generally
  similar; reds, yellows and
  whites predominate
• Other: three species in
  aquarium; L. maximus has
  distinctive, sloping head and
  deep body
            Haemulidae: Grunts
                                               Continuous
                                  Thick lips   dorsal fin;
• Size: medium to large
                                               forked tail
• Shape: some fusiform; others
  deeper-bodied
• Fins: continuous dorsal fin,
  forked tail
• Mouth: small to medium with
  thick lips
• Color: often colorful—yellow,
  blue, and black; some silvery
  gray
• Distinguishing Features: make
  grinding sounds with
  swimbladder and teeth
• Other: inactive in groups by
  day
            Mullidae: Goatfishes
                                               Two dorsal fins
• Size: medium
• Shape: elongate
• Fins: two dorsal fins widely
  separated; forked tail
• Mouth: large
• Color: often brightly colored
• Distinguishing Features: pair of
  barbels on chin used to probe
  the bottom
• Other: large scales


                                     barbels
  Pomacentridae: Damselfishes
                                           Small, terminal
• Size: small to medium                    mouth
• Shape: moderately deep,
  compressed
• Fins: continuous dorsal fin;
  forked tail
• Mouth: small, terminal
• Color: often brightly colored
• Other: interrupted lateral line;
  can be territorial and
  pugnacious

                             Forked tail
           Lutjanidae: Snappers
                                              Continuous
                                              dorsal fin          Large
• Size: medium to large
                                                                  mouth,
• Shape: most fusiform; some                                      thick lips
  with deeper bodies
• Fins: continuous dorsal fin;
  forked to emarginate tail
• Mouth: medium to large, thick
  lips
• Color: variable
• Other: predators of           Forked tail
  crustaceans and fishes


                                                       Elongate
                                                       body
               Carangidae: Jacks
• Size: medium to large                            Deep, compressed
• Shape: usually compressed,                       body
  ranging from fusiform to deep-
  bodied
• Fins: two dorsal fins, may have
  detached finlets, forked tail
• Mouth: varied
• Color: silvery
• Other: narrow caudal
  peduncle; fast-swimming
  predators

                              Forked tail
                                            Narrow caudal
                                            peduncle

				
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posted:7/29/2012
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