Bellingham DPW Water Sewer Division

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					                               Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection
                          Source Water Assessment and Protection (SWAP) Report
                       Bellingham DPW Water & Sewer Division

      What is SWAP?
                                                Table 1: Public Water System Information
The Source Water Assessment
Protection (SWAP) program,
established under the federal               PWS Name                  Bellingham DPW Water & Sewer Division
Safe Drinking Water Act, requires
                                            PWS Address                           26 Blackstone Street
every state to:
• inventory land uses within the            City/Town                         Bellingham, Massachusetts
  recharge areas of all public              PWS ID Number                               2025000
  water supply sources;
• assess the susceptibili ty of
                                            Local Contact                            Paul Bokoski
  drinking water sources to                 Phone Number                           (508) 966-5816
  contamination from these land
  uses; and
• publicize the results to provide
  support for improved protection.

                                          We are all concerned about the quality of the water we drink. Drinking
 Susceptibility and Water                 water wells may be threatened by many potential contaminant sources,
          Quality                         including storm runoff, road salting, and improper disposal of hazardous
                                          materials. Citizens and local officials can work together to better protect
Susceptibility is a measure of a          these drinking water sources.
water supply’s potential to become
contaminated due to land uses and         Purpose of this report:
activities within its recharge area.      This report is a planning tool to support local and state efforts to improve
                                          water supply protection. By identifying land uses within water supply
A source’s susceptibility to
                                          protection areas that may be potential sources of contamination, the
contamination does not imply poor
                                          assessment helps focus protection efforts on appropriate best
water quality.
                                          management practices (BMPs) and drinking water source protection
Water suppliers protect drinking          measures.
water by monitoring for more than
100 chemicals, disinfecting,              Refer to Table 3 for Recommendations to address potential sources of
filtering, or treating water              contamination. Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) staff are
supplies, and using source                available to provide information about funding and other resources that
protection measures to ensure             may be available to your community.
that safe water is delivered to the
                                          This report includes the following sections:
Actual water quality is best
                                              1. Description of the Water System
reflected by the results of regular
                                              2. Land Uses within Protection Areas
water tests. To learn more about
                                              3. Source Water Protection Conclusions and Recommendations
your water quality, refer to your
                                              4. Appendices
water supplier’s annual C onsumer
Confidence Reports.

February 26, 2002                      Source Water Assessment and Protection Report                           Page 1
  What is a Protection                           Section 1: Description of the Water System

A well’s water supply protection
                                      Zone II #: 21                                Susceptibility: High
area is the land around the well      Well Names                                   Source IDs
where protection activities
should be focused. Each well          Well #1                                      2025000-01G
has a Zone I protective radius
                                      Well #2                                      2025000-02G
and a Zone II protection area.
                                      Well #3                                      2025000-03G
                                      Well #4                                      2025000-04G
                                      Well #11                                     2025000-11G

                                      Zone II #: 258                               Susceptibility: High

                                      Well Names                                   Source IDs
                                      Well #5                                      2025000-05G

                                      Zone II #: 134                               Susceptibility: High
                                      Well Names                                   Source IDs
                                      Well #7                                      2025000-07G
Aquifer: An underground water-
bearing layer of permeable            Well #8                                      2025000-08G
material that will yield water in a
usable quantity to a well.
                                      Zone II #: 125                               Susceptibility: High
Hydrogeologic Barrier: An
underground layer of                  Well Names                                   Source IDs
impermeable material (i.e. clay)
                                      Well #12                                     2025000-12G
that resists penetration by
                                      Of the fourteen wells for Bellingham DPW Water and Sewer, wells
Recharge Area: The surface            #1,2,3,4,11,13,14,15,17, 18 and 19 are located south of Route 140, and east of
area that contributes water to a      Route 126, in the Town of Bellingham. The Zone 11 extends into Franklin and
well.                                 Wrentham. Well #7 and 8 are also located south of Route 140, but east of
                                      Interstate 495. The Zone 11 extends into Milford, and Medway. Wells #5 and
Zone I: The area closest to a         12 are both located southeast of Interstate 495, but northeast of Route 140. Each
well; a 100 to 400 foot radius        well has a Zone I of 400 feet. The wells are located in an aquifer with a high
proporti onal to the well’s pumping   vulnerability to contamination due to the absence of hydrogeologic barriers (i.e.
rate. This area should be owned       clay) that can prevent contaminant migration. Please refer to the attached map to
or controlled by the water            view the boundaries of the Zone II.
supplier and limited to water
supply activities.                    All wells have potassium hydroxide added for corrosion control, and the water
                                      from wells #7 and 8 go through filtration. For current information on monitoring
Zone II: The primary recharge         results and treatment and a copy of the most recent Consumer Confidence
area for the aquifer. This area is    Report, please contact the Public Water System contact person listed above in
defined by hydrogeologic studies      Table 1. Drinking water monitoring reporting data are also available on the web
that must be approved by DEP.         at
Refer to the attached map to
determine the land within your
Zone II.

 February 26, 2002                    Source Water Assessment and Protection Report                          Page 2
Section 2: Land Uses in the Protection Areas

The Zone IIs for Bellingham are a mixture of residential, commercial, and
light industrial land uses (refer to attached map for details). Land uses and               Benefits
activities that are potential sources of contamination are listed in Table 2,
                                                                                      of Source Protection
with further detail provided in the Table of Regulated Facilities and Table of
Underground Storage Tanks in Appendix B.
                                                                                   Source Protection helps protect
                                                                                   public health and is also good for
    Key Land Uses and Protection Issues include:
                                                                                   fiscal fitness:
    1. Inappropriate activities in Zone I
    2. Residential land uses
    3. Transportation corridors                                                   • Protects drinking water quality at
    4. Hazardous materials storage and use                                          the source
    5. Oil or hazardous material contamination sites
                                                                                  • Reduces monitoring costs through
    6. Comprehensive wellhead protection planning
                                                                                    the DEP Waiver Program
    7. Agricultural activities
                                                                                  • Treatment can be reduced or
The overall ranking of susceptibility to contamination for the system is high,      avoided entirely, saving treatment
based on the presence of at least one high threat land use within the water         costs
supply protection areas, as seen in Table 2.
                                                                                  • Prevents costly contamination
1. Inappropriate Activities in Zone Is – The Zone I for each of the wells is a      clean-up
400 foot radius around the wellhead. Massachusetts drinking water
regulations (310 CMR 22.00 Drinking Water) requires public water suppliers        • Preventing contamination saves
to own the Zone I, or control the Zone I through a conservation restriction.        costs on water purchases, and
The fourteen (14) Zone Is for the wells are not owned or controlled by the          expensive new source development
public water system. Only water supply activities are allowed in the Zone I.
However, many public water supplies were developed prior to the
Department's regulations and contain non water supply activities such as            Contact your regional DEP office
homes and public roads. The following non water supply activities occur in          for more information on Source
the Zone Is of the system wells:                                                       Protection and the Waiver
Activities in Zone 1s:
Wells #1 & #2 - There is horse riding activities, a stream and a dirt Bike path
runing through their Zone 1s

Well #3 - A private home, a septic system,
and Aboveground Storage Tank and some
parking ares are located within the Zone 1.
Well #4, #7 and #8 - These wells just have
a stream running through their Zone Is. A
Transmission—Line –Right of Way runs
through the Zone I of #7.
Well #5 - A local road runs through the
Zone I
Well #12 - This well has a dirt bike path
running through the Zone 1.
Zone I Recommendations:
ü To the extent possible, remove all non
     water supply activities from the Zone Is
     to comply with DEP’s Zone I
ü Use BMPs for the storage, use, and
     disposal of hazardous materials such as
     water supply chemicals and
     maintenance chemicals.

  February 26, 2002                    Source Water Assessment and Protection Report                           Page 3
ü Do not use road salt within the Zone I.
ü Keep any new non water supply activities out of the Zone I.

2. Residential Land Uses – Approximately 32% of the Zone II consists of                  What are "BMPs?"
residential areas. Some of the areas have public sewers, and some use septic
systems. If managed improperly, activities associated with residential areas can    Best Management Practices (BMPs)
contribute to drinking water contamination. Common potential sources of             are measures that are used to
contamination include:                                                              protect and improve surface water
• Septic Systems – Improper disposal of household hazardous chemicals to            and groundwater quality. BMPs can
     septic systems is a potential source of contamination to the groundwater       be structural, such as oil & grease
     because septic systems lead to the ground. If septic systems fail or are not   trap catch basins, nonstructural,
     properly maintained they can be a potential source of microbial                such as hazardous waste collection
     contamination.                                                                 days or managerial, such as
                                                                                    employee training on proper
• Household Hazardous Materials - Hazardous materials may include
                                                                                    disposal procedures.
     automotive wastes, paints, solvents, pesticides, fertilizers, and other
     substances. Improper use, storage, and disposal of chemical products used
     in homes are potential sources of contamination.
• Heating Oil Storage - If managed improperly, Underground and
     Aboveground Storage Tanks (UST and AST) can be potential sources of
     contamination due to leaks or spills of the fuel oil they store.                  For More Information
• Stormwater – Catch basins transport stormwater from roadways and
                                                                                    Contact Josephine Yemoh-Ndi in
     adjacent properties to the ground. As flowing stormwater travels, it picks
                                                                                    DEP’s Worcester Office at (508)
     up debris and contaminants from streets and lawns. Common potential
                                                                                    849-4030 for more information
     contaminants include lawn chemicals, pet waste, and contaminants from
                                                                                    and assistance on improving current
     automotive leaks, maintenance, washing, or accidents.
                                                                                    protection measures.
Residential Land Use Recommendations:
ü Educate residents on best management practices (BMPs) for protecting              Copies of this report have been
     water supplies. Distribute the fact sheet “Residents Protect Drinking          provided to the public water
     Water” available in Appendix A and on                supplier, board of health, and the
     protect.htm, which provides BMPs for common residential issues.                town.
ü Work with planners to control new residential developments in the water
     supply protection areas.

ü Promote BMPs for stormwater management
    and pollution controls.

3. Transportation Corridors - Route 16, Route
109, Route 126 and I-495 run through the Zone IIs.
Local roads are common throughout the Zone II.
Roadway construction, maintenance, and typical
highway use can all be potential sources of
contamination. Accidents can lead to spills of
gasoline and other potentially dangerous
transported chemicals. Roadways are frequent sites
for illegal dumping of hazardous or other
potentially harmful wastes. De-icing salt,
automotive chemicals and other debris on roads
are picked up by stormwater and wash in to

Railroad tracks run through the Zone IIs of wells
#5, 7, 8 and 12. Rail corridors serving passenger or
freight trains are potential sources of
contamination due to chemicals released during

                                 (Continued on page 7)

  February 26, 2002                    Source Water Assessment and Protection Report                          Page 4
                        Potential Source of Contamination vs. Actual Contamination

 The activities listed in Table 2 are those that typically use, produce, or store contaminants of concern, which, if managed
 improperly, are potential sources of contamination (PSC).
 It is important to understand that a release may never occur from the potential source of contamination provided facilities
 are using best management practices (BMPs). If BMPs are in place, the actual risk may be lower than the threat ranking
 identified in Table 2. Many potential sources of contamination are regulated at the federal, state and/or local levels, to
 further reduce the risk.

                       Table 2: Land Use in the Protection Areas (Zones I and II)
      For more information, refer to Appendix B: Regulated Facilities within the Water Supply Protection Area

Activities                 Quantity Zone II # Threat* Potential Source of Contamination


Livestock Operations          Few            21            M       Manure (microbial contaminants): improper handling


                                                                   Vehicle paints, solvents, and primer products: improper
Body Shops                    Two            21            H
                                          21, 258                  Over-application of pesticides: leaks, spills, improper
Cemeteries                    Two                          M
                                           &134                    handling; historic embalming fluids
                                                                   Fertilizers or pesticides: over-application or improper
Golf Courses                  Two            21            M
Junk Yards and                              258                    Automotive chemicals, wastes, and batteries: spills, leaks,
                              One                          H
Salvage Yards                             21&125                   or improper handling
                                                                   Photographic chemicals: spills, leaks, or improper
Photo Processors              One           134            H
                                                                   handling or storage
                                                                   Herbicides: over-application or improper handling; fuel
Railroad Tracks And
                              One         21 &125          H       storage, transported chemicals, and maintenance
                                                                   chemicals: leaks or spills

Repair Shops
                                                                   Engine fluids, lubricants, and solvents: spills, leaks, or
(Engine, Appliances,          One            21            H
                                                                   improper handling or storage

Sand And Gravel                                                    Heavy equipment, fuel storage, clandestine dumping:
                              One            21            M
Mining/Washing                                                     spills or leaks


Hazardous Materials                                                Hazardous materials: spills, leaks, or improper handling
                              Two            21            H
Storage                                                            or storage
Industry/Industrial                                                Industrial chemicals and metals: spills, leaks, or improper
                              One            21            H
Parks                                                              handling or storage

  February 26, 2002                      Source Water Assessment and Protection Report                                 Page 5
Activities               Quantity Zone II # Threat* Potential Source of Contamination


Fuel Oil Storage (at
                          Several     21 & 258       M      Fuel oil: spills, leaks, or improper handling
                                                            Pesticides: over-application or improper storage and
Lawn Care / Gardening     Several     21 & 258       M
Septic Systems /                                            Hazardous chemicals: microbial contaminants, and
                          Several     21 & 258       M
Cesspools                                                   improper disposal


                                      21, 258,
Aquatic Wildlife             Two                     L      Microbial contaminants
                                     125 & 134

Fishing/Boating              One      21 & 258       L      Fuel and other chemical spills, microbial contaminants
Large Quantity
                                                            Hazardous materials and waste: spills, leaks, or improper
Hazardous Waste              One         21          H
                                                            handling or storage

                                                            Tier Classified Oil or Hazardous Materials Sites are not
Oil or Hazardous
                             Three       21          --     ranked due to their site-specific character. Individual sites
Material Sites
                                                            are identified in Appendix B.

                                                            Fuel oil, laboratory, art, photographic, machine shop, and
Schools, Colleges, and
                             One        134          M      other chemicals: spills, leaks, or improper handling or

Small quantity
                                                            Hazardous materials and waste: spills, leaks, or improper
hazardous waste              One        258          M
                                                            handling or storage
Stormwater Drains/                                          Debris, pet waste, and chemicals in stormwater from roads,
                          Several        All         L
Retention Basins                                            parking lots, and lawns

Transmission Line
                                      21, 258 &             Corridor maintenance pesticides: over-application or
Rights-of-Way                Two                     L
                                         134                improper handling; construction
Type: Electric
Transportation                        258 , 125             Fuels and other hazardous materials: accidental leaks or
                             Four                    M
Corridors                              & 134                spills; pesticides: over-application or improper handling
Underground Storage
                             Four       134          H      Stored materials: spills, leaks, or improper handling
Very Small Quantity
                                                            Hazardous materials and waste: spills, leaks, or improper
Hazardous Waste              One     258 & 125       L
                                                            handling or storage
Water Treatment
                             One        134          M      Sludge and wastewater: improper management
Sludge Lagoon

 See Table Notes on Page 7

  February 26, 2002                  Source Water Assessment and Protection Report                          Page 6
Table 2 Notes:
1. When specific potential contaminants are not known, typical potential contaminants or activities for that type of
     land use are listed. Facilities within the watershed may not contain all of these potential contaminant sources, may
     contain other potential contaminant sources, or may use Best Management Practices to prevent contaminants from
     reaching drinking water supplies.
2. For more information on regulated facilities, refer to Appendix B: Regulated Facilities within the Water Supply
     Protection Area information about these potential sources of contamination.
3. For information about Oil or Hazardous Materials Sites in your protection areas, refer to Appendix C: Tier Classi-
     fied Oil and/or Hazardous Material Sites.
* THREAT RANKING - The rankings (high, moderate or low) represent the relative threat of each land use com-
pared to other PSCs. The ranking of a particular PSC is based on a number of factors, including: the type and quantity
of chemicals typically used or generated by the PSC; the characteristics of the contaminants (such as toxicity, environ-
mental fate and transport); and the behavior and mobility of the pollutants in soils and groundwater.

normal use, track maintenance, and accidents. Accidents can release spills of train
engine fluids and commercially transported chemicals.
Transportation Corridor Recommendations:
ü Identify stormwater drains and the drainage system along transportation
    corridors. Work to better manage stormwater by pre -treating contaminated               Top 5 Reasons to
    stormwater and/or redirecting stormwater outside of the Zone II.
                                                                                         Develop a Local Wellhead
ü Work with the Town and State to have catch basins inspected, maintained,
    and cleaned on a regular schedule. Street sweeping reduces the amount of                  Protection Plan
    potential contaminants in runoff.
ü If storm drainage maps are available, review the maps with emergency                    Œ Reduces Risk to Human
    response teams. If maps aren’t yet available, work with town officials to             Health
    investigate mapping options such as the upcoming Phase II Stormwater Rule
    requiring some communities to complete stormwater mapping.                            • Cost Effective! Reduces or
ü Work with local emergency response teams to ensure that any spills within               Eliminates Costs Associated
    the Zone II can be effectively contained.                                             With:
ü Work with local officials during their review of the railroad right of way              w Increased groundwater
    Yearly Operating Plans to ensure that water supplies are protected during             monitoring and treatment
    vegetation control.
                                                                                          w Water supply clean up and
4. Hazardous Materials Storage and Use – Approximately 10 % of the land area
within the Zone II is commercial or industrial land uses. A few businesses and            w Replacing a water supply
industries use hazardous materials, produce hazardous waste products, and/or              w Purchasing water
store large quantities of hazardous materials in UST/AST. If hazardous materials
are improperly stored, used, or disposed, they become potential sources of                Ž Supports municipal bylaws,
contamination. Hazardous materials should never be disposed of to a septic                making them less likely to be
system or floor drain leading directly to the ground.                                     challenged
Hazardous Materials Storage and Use Recommendations:
ü Educate local businesses on best management practices for protecting water
                                                                                          • Ensures clean drinki ng water
     supplies. Distribute the fact sheet “Businesses Protect Drinking Water”
                                                                                          supplies for future generations
     available in Appendix A and on,
     which provides BMP’s for common business issues.
ü Work with local businesses to register those facilities that are unregistered           • Enhances real estate values –
                                                                                          clean drinking water is a local
     generators of hazardous waste or waste oil. Partnerships between businesses,
                                                                                          amenity. A community known
     water suppliers, and communities enhance successful public drinking water
                                                                                          for its great drinking water in a
     protection practices.
                                                                                          place people want to live and
ü Educate local businesses on Massachusetts floordrain requirements. See
                                                                                          businesses want to locate.
     brochure “Industrial Floor Drains” for more information.

                                                                 (Continued on page 9)

  February 26, 2002                    Source Water Assessment and Protection Report                              Page 7
                       Table 3: Current Protection and Recommendations

 Protection Measures                        Status    Recommendations
 Zone I
                                                      Follow Best Management Practices (BMP’s) that focus
 Does the Public Water Supplier (PWS)                 on good housekeeping, spill prevention, and operational
 own or control the entire Zone I?            NO      practices to reduce the use and release of hazardous

 Is the Zone I posted with “Public                    Additional economical signs are available from the
 Drinking Water Supply” Signs?               YES      Northeast Rural Water Association (802) 660-4988.

                                                      Continue daily inspections of drinking water protection
 Is Zone I regularly inspected?              YES      areas.

 Are water supply-related activities the              Continue monitoring non-water supply activities in Zone
 only activities within the Zone I?           NO      Is.

 Municipal Controls (Zoning Bylaws, Health Regulations, and General Bylaws)
                                                      The Town does not have an “Aquifer Protection
 Does the municipality have Wellhead                  District” bylaw that meets DEP’s wellhead protection
 Protection Controls that meet 310 CMR        NO      requirements. Refer to for
 22.21(2)?                                            model bylaws and health regulations, and current
 Do neighboring communities protect the
                                                      Work with neighboring municipalities to include Zone
 Zone II areas extending into their          YES      IIs in their wellhead protection controls.
                                                      Develop a wellhead protection plan. Follow “Developing
 Does the PWS have a Wellhead
 Protection Plan?                             NO      a Local Wellhead Protection Plan” available at: www.
                                                      Augment plan by developing a joint emergency response
 Does the PWS have a formal
                                                      plan with fire department, Board of Health, DPW, and
 “Emergency Response Plan” to deal           YES      local and state emergency officials. Coordinate
 with spills or other emergencies?
                                                      emergency response drills with local teams.
                                                      Establish committee; include representatives from
 Does the municipality have a wellhead
 protection committee?                        NO      citizens’ groups, neighboring communities, and the
                                                      business community.
 Does the Board of Health conduct                     For more guidance see “Hazardous Materials
 inspections of commercial and               YES      Management: A Community's Guide” at
 industrial activities?                               dep/brp/dws/files/hazmat.doc

 Does the PWS provide wellhead                        Aim additional efforts at commercial, industrial and
 protection education?                       YES      municipal uses within the Zone II.

February 26, 2002                    Source Water Assessment and Protection Report                       Page 8
5. Presence of Oil or Hazardous Material Contamination Sites – The Zone IIs                  What is a Zone III?
contain DEP Tier Classified Oil and/or Hazardous Material Release Sites
indicated on the map as Release Tracking Numbers 2     -011235 and 2-010377.             A Zone III (the secondary
Refer to the attached map and Appendix 3 for more information.                           recharge area) is the land
Oil or Hazardous Material Contamination Sites Recommendation:                            beyond the Zone II from which
ü Monitor progress on any ongoing remedial action conducted for the known                surface and ground water drain
    oil or contamination sites.                                                          to the Zone II and is often
                                                                                         coincident with a watershed
6. Agricultural Activites – A resident on Cross Street, within the Zone II of well       boundary.
#1, 2, 3 and 4 owns a few horses. Horse manure and urine can be potential sources
                                                                                         The Zone III is defined as a
of microbial contamination if improperly managed.
                                                                                         secondary recharge area for
     Recommendations:                                                                    one or both of the following
ü Incorporate best management practices such as vegetated buffers to reduce              reasons:
     the risk of impaired water quality from non-water supply activities.
                                                                                        1.   The low permeability of
7. Protection Planning – Currently, the Town does not have water supply                      underground water bearing
protection controls that meet DEP’s Wellhead Protection regulations 310 CMR                  materials in this area
22.21(2). Protection planning protects drinking water by managing the land area              significantly reduces the
that supplies water to a well. A Wellhead Protection Plan coordinates community              rate of groundwater and
efforts, identifies protection strategies, establishes a timeframe                for        potential contaminant flow
implementation, and provides a forum for public participation. There are                     into the Zone II.
resources available to help communities develop a plan for protecting drinking          2.   The groundwater in this
water supply wells.                                                                          area discharges to a surface
Protection Planning Recommendations:                                                         water feature such as a
ü Develop a Wellhead Protection Plan. Establish a protection team, and refer                 river, rather than
     them to for a copy of DEP’s                     discharging directly into the
     guidance, “Developing a Local Wellhead Protection Plan”.                                aquifer.
ü Coordinate efforts with local officials to compare local wellhead protection
     controls with current MA Wellhead Protection Regulations 310 CMR 22.21              The land uses within the Zone
     (2). If there are no local controls or they do not meet the current regulations,    III are assessed only for
     adopt controls that meet 310 CMR 22.21(2). For more information on DEP              sources that are shown to be
     land use controls see /dep/brp/dws/protect.htm.                     groundwater under the direct
ü If local controls do not regulate floordrains, be sure to include floordrain           influence of surface water.
     controls that meet 310 CMR 22.21(2).

Other land uses and activities within the Zone IIs that are potential sources of
contamination are included in Table 2. Refer to Appendix B for more information
about these land uses. Identifying potential sources of contamination is an              Additional Documents:
important initial step in protecting your drinking water sources. Further local
investigation will provide more in-depth information and may identify new land          To help with source protection
uses and activities that are potential sources of contamination. Once potential         efforts, more information is
sources of contamination are identified, specific recommendations like those            available by request or online at
below should be used to better protect your water supply.                      including:

Section 3: Source              Water      Protection       Conclusions         and      1. Water Supply Protection
Recommendations                                                                         Guidance Materials such as
                                                                                        model regulations, Best
Current Land Uses and Source Protection:                                                Management Practice
As with many water supply protection areas, the system Zone IIs contain potential       information, and general water
sources of contamination. However, source protection measures reduce the risk of        supply protection information.
actual contamination, as illustrated in Figure 2. The water supplier is commended       2. MA DEP SWAP Strategy
for taking an active role in promoting source protection measures in the Water
Supply Protection Areas through:                                                        3. Land Use Pollution Potential
• The employment of a GIS staff, and a knowledgeable and conscientious                  Matrix
     operator and administrators.                                                       4. Draft Land/Associated
• Providing outreach with the staff and teachers in the local schools.                  Contaminants Matrix

  February 26, 2002                     Source Water Assessment and Protection Report                           Page 9
                    Source Protection Recommendations:
                    To better protect the sources for the future:
                    ü Continue to inspect the Zone I regularly, and when feasible, remove any
      DRINKING          non-water supply activities.
                    ü Educate residents on ways they can help you to protect drinking water
       WATER            sources.
                    ü Work with emergency response teams to ensure that they are aware of the
                        stormwater drainage in your Zone II and to cooperate on responding to spills
                        or accidents.
                    ü Partner with local businesses to ensure the proper storage, handling, and
                        disposal of hazardous materials.
                    ü Monitor progress on any ongoing remedial action conducted for the known
                        oil or contamination sites.
                    ü Develop a Wellhead Protection Plan.

    PROTECTION      Conclusions:
       AREA         These recommendations are only part of your ongoing local drinking water
                    source protection. Additional source protection recommendations are listed in
                    Table 3, the Key Issues above and Appendix A.

                    DEP staff, informational documents, and resources are available to help you
                    build on this SWAP report as you continue to improve drinking water protection
                    in your community. The Department’s Wellhead Protection Grant Program and
                    Source Protection Grant Program provide funds to assist public water suppliers in
                    addressing water supply source protection through local projects. P    rotection
                    recommendations discussed in this document may be eligible for funding under
                    the Grant Program. Please note: each spring DEP posts a new Request for
                    Response for the grant program (RFR).

                    Other grants and loans are available through the Drinking Water State Revolving
                    Loan Fund, the Clean Water State Revolving Fund, and other sources. For more
                    information on grants and loans, visit the Bureau of Resource Protection’s
                    Municipal Services web site at:

                    The assessment and protection recommendations in this SWAP report are
                    provided as a tool to encourage community discussion, support ongoing source
                    protection efforts, and help set local drinking water protection priorities. Citizens
                    and community officials should use this SWAP report to spur discussion of local
                    drinking water protection measures. The water supplier should supplement this
                    SWAP report with local information on potential sources of contamination and
                    land uses. Local information should be maintained and updated periodically to
                    reflect land use changes in the Zone IIs. Use this information to set priorities,
                    target inspections, focus education efforts, and to develop a long-term drinking
                    water source protection plan.

                    Section 4: Appendices

                        A. Protection Recommendations
                        B. Regulated Facilities within the Water Supply Protection Area
                        C. Table of Tier Classified Oil and/or Hazardous Material Sites within the
                           Water Supply Protection Areas
                        D. Additional Documents on Source Protection

February 26, 2002   Source Water Assessment and Protection Report                             Page 10
APPENDIX C – Table of Tier Classified Oil and/or Hazardous Material Sites
within the Water Supply Protection Areas

DEP’s datalayer depicting oil and/or hazardous material (OHM) sites is a statewide point
data set that contains the approximate location of known sources of contamination that
have been both reported and classified under Chapter 21E of the Massachusetts General
Laws. Location types presented in the layer include the approximate center of the site, the
center of the building on the property where the release occurred, the source of
contamination, or the location of an on-site monitoring well. Although this assessment
identifies OHM sites near the source of your drinking water, the risks to the source posed
by each site may be different. The kind of contaminant and the local geology may have
an effect on whether the site poses an actual or potential threat to the source.

The DEP’s Chapter 21E program relies on licensed site professionals (LSPs) to oversee
cleanups at most sites, while the DEP’s Bureau of Waste Site Cleanup (BWSC) program
retains oversight at the most serious sites. This privatized program obliges potentially
responsible parties and LSPs to comply with DEP regulations (the Massachusetts
Contingency Plan – MCP), which require that sites within drinking water source
protection areas be cleaned up to drinking water standards.

For more information about the state’s OHM site cleanup process to which these sites are
subject and how this complements the drinking water protection progr am, please visit the
BWSC web page at You may obtain site -specific
information two ways: by using the BWSC Searchable Sites database at, or you may visit the DEP regional office
and review the site file. These files contain more detailed information, including cleanup
status, site history, contamination levels, maps, correspondence and investigation reports,
however you must call the regional office in order to schedule an appointment to view the

The table below contains the list of Tier Classified oil and/or Hazardous Material Release
Sites that are located within your drinking water source protection area.

Table 1: Bureau of Waste Site Cleanup Tier Classified Oil and/or Hazardous Material
Release Sites (Chapter 21E Sites) - Listed by Release Tracking Number (RTN)

    RTN              Release Site Address                      Town                  Contaminant Type

 2-11235                  40 BRISSON                      BELLINGHAM                          OIL
 2-10377             220 SOUTH MAIN ST.                   BELLINGHAM                    OIL/HAZ MAT

For more location information, please see the attached map. The map lists the release sites by RTN.

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