教育与管理科学系考试大纲 Course: Research Methods in Education Nature : Professional Course Professional Applied: Primary education Class Hour: 48 Credit: 3 COURSE DESCRIPTION AND GOALS: This course is designed as an introduction and overview of the rapidly expanding field of Research Method in Education, and is intended for seniors who are expected to have interests in understanding technique in education. The extent and type of research required in undergraduate programs in education vary in countries worldwide. However, in practically all such programs, there are some research requirement, including participation in research activities, for the successful completion of the program. Therefore, a knowledge of research methods, or at least of basic concepts of research methods, is not only useful, but essential. Much of the professional education literature addresses research results. Educator should be familiar with the research results in their specialty areas. COURSE EXAMINATION GOAL According to the difficult level of test, the examination goals of knowledge are divided into four aspects： A. Memory: Some basic professional concepts should be learned by students’ hearts. B. Understanding: Some research procedures and techniques should be grasped by the students skillfully. C. Application: Students could learn the procedures of some research types, such as survey research, quasi-experiment research etc. and could design some research according to everybody’s interests. D. Analysis: Students must analyze some research statement, review educational literature, and evaluate the design etc GOAL OF EXAMINATION Chapter 1: Educational Research: Its Nature and Characteristics Memory: Internal validity 内部效度 External validity 外部效度 Reliability of research 研究的信度 Qualitative research 定性研究 Quantitative research 定量研究 Basic research 基础研究 Applied research 应用研究 Action research 行动研究 Experimental research 实验研究 Quasi-experimental research Ex post facto research 回溯研究 Survey research 调查研究 Historical research 历史研究 Ethnographic research 人种学研究 Understanding: The nature of educational research Classification of educational research General methods of research Application: Identification of quantitative and qualitative research Chapter 2 Identification of a Research Problem Memory: (i) Constant 常 量 Operational definition 操作定义 Variable 变量 Statistical hypothesis 统计假设 Independent variable 自变量 Substantive hypothesis 实质性假设 Dependent variable 因变量 Research hypothesis 研究假设 Organismic variable 有机变量 Directional hypothesis 定向假设 Control variable 控制变量 Nondirectional hypothesis 非定向假设 Understanding: Selection of a Research Problem Characteristics of a Good Educational Problem (a) The procedure of educational problem selection (b) Statement of the Research Problem 2. Other Possible Types of Variables 3. Application: (1) Hypotheses and the Statement of the Problem (二) Analysis: (三) The Characteristics of Hypotheses 1. Types and Forms of Hypotheses Chapter 3: The Review of the Literature Memory: Bibliographic entry 目录登记 Referencing 参考文献 2. Bibliography 文献目录 3. Critical review 批判性阅读 Understanding: 1 Understanding the meaning of review of the literature. 2 Grasping activities of the review of the literature. 3 Understanding selecting studies for the review of the literature 4 Understanding the assembling and summarizing information 5 Grasping the interpreting and using Information Application: The assembling and summarizing information The interpreting and using Information 4. Writing the review Chapter 4: Research Design in Quantitative Research Memory: variance 差异 controlling variance 控制差异 confounded variables 混合变量 extraneous variables 无关变量 statistical precision 统计精确性 control of extraneous variables 无关变量控制 Understanding: The Purpose of Research Design The Concept of Controlling Variance Application: Procedure for Controlling Variance Using Procedures for Control in Combination Analysis: Characteristics of Good Research Chapter 5: Experimental Research Memory: Experiment 实验 Experimental design 实验设计 Experimental variable 实验变量 Experimental treatment 实验处理 Subjects 被试 Experimental control 实验控制 Factorial design 因素设计 Threats to validity 效度威胁 Pretest-posttest control group design 前测－后测控制组设计 Solomon four-group design 所罗门四组设计 Posttest-only control group design 仅施后测控制组设计 Understanding: 1 The meaning of experimental design 2 Criteria for a well-designed experiment 3 Posttest- only control group design 4 Pretest-posttest control group design 5 Solomon four-group design 6 Factorial designs 7 Interpreting results of experiments Application: Designing a Posttest- only control group design Designing a Pretest-posttest control group design Anaysis: Solomon four-group design Factorial designs Chapter 6 Quasi-Experimental Research Memory: 二、 Quasi-experimental research 准实验研究 三、 Nonequivalent groups 非对等控制组 四、 Posttest-only, nonequivalent control group design 仅施后测，非对等控制组测试 五、 Pretest-posttest, nonequivalent control group design 前测－后测，非对等控制组测试 Single-subject designs 单个被试设计 Baseline 基线 六、 A---B design A－B 设计 Understanding: 1．Posttest-only, Nonequivalent Control Group Design 2．Posttest-only, Nonequivalent Multiple-Group Design. 3．Pretest-Posttest, Nonequivalent Control Group Design 4．Pretest-Posttest, Nonequivalent Multiple-Group Design 七、 5．Single-Subject Design 6．A-B design Application: Posttest-only, Nonequivalent Control Group Design Pretest-Posttest, Nonequivalent Control Group Design A-B design Analysis: （1）Difference between experiment and quasi-experiment design Chapter 7 Nonexperimental Quantitative Research Memory: Survey research 调查研究 Survey designs 调查设计 Cross-sectional designs 横向设计 Longitudinal designs 纵向设计 Trend study 趋势研究 Cohort study 群体研究 Panel study 专门对象研究 Ex post facto research 回溯研究 Selected-response items 选择性题目 Open-ended items 开放性题目 Pilot run 预先性测试 Cover letter 前言 Follow-ups Response rate 回收率 Telephone interviews 电话访谈 Web-based surveys 网上调查 Understanding: 1. Nonexperimental Quantitative Research: Its Scope and Description 2. Survey Designs 3. The Methodology of Survey Research 4. Questionnaire Surveys 5. Interview Survey 6. Analyzing and Reporting Survey Results Application: Survey research Survey designs Cross-sectional designs Longitudinal designs Ex post facto research Selected-response items Open-ended items Pilot run Cover letter Analysis: Follow-ups Telephone interviews Web-based surveys Chapter 8 Research Design in Qualitative Research Memory: Epistemology 认识论 Coding 编码 Ecological psychology 生态心理学 Translatability 可译性 Holistic ethnography 整体人种学 Working design 工作设计 Foreshadowed problem 预见性问题 Oral history 口述历史学 Computer program---software 计算机程序－软件 Modified analytic induction Understanding: 1. the Epistemology of Qualitative Research 2. Components of Research Design 3. Perspectives for Qualitative Research 4. Reliability and Validity of Qualitative Research 5. Use of Technology in Qualitative Research Application: Holistic Working design Analysis: Computer program---software Chapter 9 Historical Research Memory: Critical inquiry 批判性调查 Source materials 原始材料 Primary source 第一手资料 Secondary source 第二手资料 External criticism 外在批评 Internal criticism 内在批评 Policymaking 政策制定 Historiography 历史图解法 Understanding: 1. the Value of Historical Research 2. the Methodology of Historical Research 3. Qualitative Methods in Historical Research 4. Comments on the Reporting of Historical Research Application: Critical inquiry Source materials Policymaking Historiography Analysis: Primary source Secondary source External criticism Internal criticism 八、 Chapter 10 Sampling Designs Memory: Sample 样本 Probability sampling 或样样本 Random sample 随机样本 Random assignment 分配随机 Stratified random sampling 抽样偏差 Equal allocation 平均分配 Sampling frame 抽样结构 Systematic sampling 系统抽样 Purposeful sampling 有目的抽样 Comprehensive sampling 全抽样面 Internal sampling 内在抽样 Power of a statistical test Understanding: 1. the Concepts of a Random Sample 2. Criteria for a Sampling Design 3. Stratified Random Sampling 4. Cluster Sampling 5. Systematical Sampling 6. Considerations in Determing Sample Size—Random Sampling Application: Sample Probability sampling Random sample Random assignment Sampling frame Systematic sampling Purposeful sampling Comprehensive sampling Analysis: Internal sampling Power of a statistical test Chapter 11 Communicating About Research Memory: Research proposal 研究计划 Research report 研究报告 Cover page 前言 Abstract 摘要 Budget 预算 Appendix 附录 Reference list 参考目录 Transition 过渡 Presenting research papers 提交研究论文 Call for papers Word processing 文字处理 Text editing 文本编辑 Defense of a dissertation 论文答辩 Conclusions and recommendations 结论和建议 Understanding: 1. Major sections of the research 2. Review of the Literature 3. Major Sections of the Research Report 4. Other Sections of the Research Report 5. Putting a Report together 6. Guidelines for Presenting Paper at Meetings 7. Presentations to Dissertation and Thesis Committees Application: Research proposal Research report Cover page Abstract Budget Appendix Conclusions and recommendations Reference list Transition Presenting research papers Call for papers Word processing Text editing Defense of a dissertation COUESR ASSESSMENT 1. Final Exam（闭卷笔试）：80% Types of test: choice question（选择题）, filling in the blanks（填空 题）, analytic statement（分析题）, professional terms(名词解释)， Comprehensive test(领会测验题)。 2. Coursework and Discussion: 10% 3. Review Paper: 10% Students are encouraged to find and read journal articles within the scopes of Research Methods, which they are interested in. Each student is required to turn in a review paper in the end of the term. 4 Group Oral Presentation: 10% There should be three or four persons in one group. Each group is required to give an oral presentation (about 10 minutes) in the last class. Content quality, expression ability and team spirit are all important to get a high grade.
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