教育与管理科学系考试大纲 by leader6

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									                    教育与管理科学系考试大纲
     Course: Research Methods in Education
     Nature : Professional Course
     Professional Applied: Primary education
     Class Hour: 48
     Credit: 3


     COURSE DESCRIPTION AND GOALS:
This course is designed as an introduction and overview of the rapidly
expanding field of Research Method in Education, and is intended for
seniors who are expected to have interests in understanding technique in
education. The extent and type of research required in undergraduate
programs in education vary in countries worldwide. However, in
practically all such programs, there are some research requirement,
including participation in research activities, for the successful
completion of the program. Therefore, a knowledge of research methods,
or at least of basic concepts of research methods, is not only useful, but
essential. Much of the professional education literature addresses research
results. Educator should be familiar with the research results in their
specialty areas.


     COURSE EXAMINATION GOAL
     According to the difficult level of test, the examination goals of
knowledge are divided into four aspects:
     A. Memory: Some basic professional concepts should be learned by
students’ hearts.
     B. Understanding: Some research procedures and techniques should
be grasped by the students skillfully.
     C. Application: Students could learn the procedures of some research
types, such as survey research, quasi-experiment research etc. and could
design some research according to everybody’s interests.
    D. Analysis: Students must analyze some research statement,
review educational literature, and evaluate the design etc


     GOAL OF EXAMINATION


   Chapter 1: Educational Research: Its Nature and Characteristics
Memory:
  Internal validity 内部效度                   External validity 外部效度
  Reliability of research 研究的信度 Qualitative research 定性研究
  Quantitative research 定量研究               Basic research 基础研究
  Applied research 应用研究                  Action research 行动研究
  Experimental research 实验研究             Quasi-experimental research
  Ex post facto research 回溯研究            Survey research 调查研究
  Historical research 历史研究              Ethnographic research 人种学研究
Understanding:
  The nature of educational research
  Classification of educational research
  General methods of research
Application:
  Identification of quantitative and qualitative research


           Chapter 2 Identification of a Research Problem
Memory:

                                 (i)   Constant             常          量
                               Operational definition 操作定义

  Variable 变量                     Statistical hypothesis 统计假设
  Independent variable 自变量 Substantive hypothesis 实质性假设
  Dependent variable 因变量              Research hypothesis 研究假设
  Organismic variable 有机变量 Directional hypothesis 定向假设
  Control variable 控制变量               Nondirectional hypothesis 非定向假设
    Understanding:
    Selection of a Research Problem
  Characteristics of a Good Educational Problem

  (a)                                        The   procedure    of   educational
problem selection

  (b)                                        Statement of the Research Problem

          2. Other Possible Types of Variables
        3. Application:
          (1) Hypotheses and the Statement of the Problem
        (二) Analysis:
          (三) The Characteristics of Hypotheses
          1. Types and Forms of Hypotheses


                    Chapter 3: The Review of the Literature
Memory:
  Bibliographic entry          目录登记
  Referencing                  参考文献
          2. Bibliography            文献目录
          3. Critical review          批判性阅读
Understanding:
  1 Understanding the meaning of review of the literature.
  2 Grasping activities of the review of the literature.
  3 Understanding selecting studies for the review of the literature
  4 Understanding the assembling and summarizing information
  5 Grasping the interpreting and using Information
Application:
  The assembling and summarizing information
  The interpreting and using Information
       4. Writing the review


         Chapter 4: Research Design in Quantitative Research
Memory:
  variance                     差异
  controlling variance          控制差异
  confounded variables          混合变量
  extraneous variables         无关变量
  statistical precision        统计精确性
  control of extraneous variables 无关变量控制
Understanding:
    The Purpose of Research Design
    The Concept of Controlling Variance
Application:
     Procedure for Controlling Variance
     Using Procedures for Control in Combination
Analysis:
     Characteristics of Good Research


                  Chapter 5: Experimental Research
Memory:
  Experiment 实验                      Experimental design 实验设计
  Experimental variable 实验变量 Experimental treatment 实验处理
  Subjects 被试                        Experimental control 实验控制
  Factorial design 因素设计              Threats to validity 效度威胁
  Pretest-posttest control group design    前测-后测控制组设计
  Solomon four-group design      所罗门四组设计
  Posttest-only control group design 仅施后测控制组设计
Understanding:
  1 The meaning of experimental design
  2 Criteria for a well-designed experiment
  3 Posttest- only control group design
  4 Pretest-posttest control group design
  5 Solomon four-group design
  6 Factorial designs
  7 Interpreting results of experiments
Application:
   Designing a Posttest- only control group design
   Designing a Pretest-posttest control group design
Anaysis:
   Solomon four-group design
   Factorial designs


                 Chapter 6 Quasi-Experimental Research
Memory:

  二、 Quasi-experimental research      准实验研究

  三、 Nonequivalent groups             非对等控制组

  四、 Posttest-only, nonequivalent control group design

                                       仅施后测,非对等控制组测试

  五、 Pretest-posttest, nonequivalent control group design

                                      前测-后测,非对等控制组测试
  Single-subject designs              单个被试设计
  Baseline                            基线

  六、 A---B design                      A-B 设计

Understanding:
  1.Posttest-only, Nonequivalent Control Group Design
  2.Posttest-only, Nonequivalent Multiple-Group Design.
  3.Pretest-Posttest, Nonequivalent Control Group Design
  4.Pretest-Posttest, Nonequivalent Multiple-Group Design

  七、 5.Single-Subject Design

  6.A-B design
Application:
  Posttest-only, Nonequivalent Control Group Design
  Pretest-Posttest, Nonequivalent Control Group Design
  A-B design
Analysis:

    (1)Difference between experiment and quasi-experiment design



    Chapter 7 Nonexperimental Quantitative Research
Memory:
  Survey research 调查研究                      Survey designs 调查设计
  Cross-sectional designs 横向设计              Longitudinal designs 纵向设计
  Trend study 趋势研究                          Cohort study 群体研究
  Panel study 专门对象研究                       Ex post facto research 回溯研究
  Selected-response items 选择性题目 Open-ended items 开放性题目
  Pilot run 预先性测试                           Cover letter 前言
  Follow-ups                               Response rate 回收率
  Telephone interviews 电话访谈                Web-based surveys 网上调查
Understanding:
   1. Nonexperimental       Quantitative    Research:    Its   Scope   and
       Description
   2. Survey Designs
   3. The Methodology of Survey Research
   4. Questionnaire Surveys
   5. Interview Survey
   6. Analyzing and Reporting Survey Results
Application:
  Survey research                Survey designs
  Cross-sectional designs        Longitudinal designs
  Ex post facto research         Selected-response items
  Open-ended items               Pilot run
  Cover letter
Analysis:
  Follow-ups                    Telephone interviews
  Web-based surveys
               Chapter 8 Research Design in Qualitative Research
Memory:
  Epistemology 认识论                           Coding 编码
  Ecological psychology 生态心理学 Translatability 可译性
  Holistic ethnography 整体人种学             Working design 工作设计
  Foreshadowed problem 预见性问题 Oral history 口述历史学
  Computer program---software 计算机程序-软件
  Modified analytic induction
Understanding:
    1. the Epistemology of Qualitative Research
    2. Components of Research Design
    3. Perspectives for Qualitative Research
    4. Reliability and Validity of Qualitative Research
    5. Use of Technology in Qualitative Research
Application:
   Holistic                            Working design
Analysis:
    Computer program---software
                       Chapter 9 Historical Research
Memory:
    Critical inquiry 批判性调查                Source materials 原始材料
    Primary source 第一手资料                  Secondary source 第二手资料
    External criticism 外在批评               Internal criticism 内在批评
    Policymaking       政策制定               Historiography 历史图解法
Understanding:
    1. the Value of Historical Research
    2. the Methodology of Historical Research
    3. Qualitative Methods in Historical Research
    4. Comments on the Reporting of Historical Research
Application:
    Critical inquiry                      Source materials
    Policymaking                          Historiography
Analysis:
    Primary source                        Secondary source
    External criticism                    Internal criticism



八、 Chapter 10 Sampling Designs

Memory:
  Sample 样本                               Probability sampling 或样样本
  Random sample 随机样本                      Random assignment 分配随机
  Stratified random sampling 抽样偏差 Equal allocation 平均分配
  Sampling frame 抽样结构                     Systematic sampling 系统抽样
  Purposeful sampling 有目的抽样 Comprehensive sampling 全抽样面
  Internal sampling 内在抽样                  Power of a statistical test
Understanding:
    1. the Concepts of a Random Sample
    2. Criteria for a Sampling Design
    3. Stratified Random Sampling
    4. Cluster Sampling
    5. Systematical Sampling
    6. Considerations in Determing Sample Size—Random Sampling
Application:
    Sample                                     Probability sampling
    Random sample                              Random assignment
    Sampling frame                             Systematic sampling
    Purposeful sampling                       Comprehensive sampling
Analysis:
    Internal sampling                        Power of a statistical test


               Chapter 11 Communicating About Research
Memory:
  Research proposal 研究计划            Research report 研究报告
  Cover page 前言                         Abstract 摘要
  Budget 预算                             Appendix 附录
  Reference list 参考目录                   Transition 过渡
  Presenting research papers 提交研究论文
  Call for papers                        Word processing 文字处理
  Text editing 文本编辑                     Defense of a dissertation 论文答辩
  Conclusions and recommendations 结论和建议
Understanding:
    1. Major sections of the research
    2. Review of the Literature
    3. Major Sections of the Research Report
    4. Other Sections of the Research Report
    5. Putting a Report together
    6. Guidelines for Presenting Paper at Meetings
    7. Presentations to Dissertation and Thesis Committees
Application:
    Research proposal                       Research report
    Cover page                             Abstract
    Budget                                  Appendix
    Conclusions and recommendations         Reference list
    Transition                              Presenting research papers
    Call for papers                         Word processing
    Text editing                            Defense of a dissertation
     COUESR ASSESSMENT

  1. Final Exam(闭卷笔试):80%

  Types of test: choice question(选择题), filling in the blanks(填空
  题), analytic statement(分析题), professional terms(名词解释),

  Comprehensive test(领会测验题)。

  2. Coursework and Discussion: 10%

  3. Review Paper: 10%
  Students are encouraged to find and read journal articles within the
  scopes of Research Methods, which they are interested in. Each
  student is required to turn in a review paper in the end of the term.

  4 Group Oral Presentation: 10%
  There should be three or four persons in one group. Each group is
  required to give an oral presentation (about 10 minutes) in the last class.
  Content quality, expression ability and team spirit are all important to
  get a high grade.

								
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