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					                          Appendix A



Conservation and Improvement Measures




                                  Page 1
                                                                                                Water Budget Report
                                                                             Conservation and Improvement Measures
                                                                                                      April 30, 2007

1.0      DEMAND MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES


In almost all cases, the most reliable and cost-effective means to increase the capacity of water supplies
is to retain more water in the aquifers, reservoirs, and streams by reducing demand. In this sense, water
saved through conservation and reduced demand can be thought of as a future supply.


In 2006, the Executive Office of Environmental Affairs (EOEA) and the Massachusetts Water Resources
Commission (MWRC) updated the “Water Conservation Standards” designed for all Massachusetts water
users. These standards address: comprehensive planning; water audits and leak detection; metering and
accounting for distributed water; water pricing; demand reduction within the residential, public,
municipal, agricultural, and industrial/commercial/institutional sectors; and water use in lawns and
landscapes.    For community supply systems subject to permitting under the Water Management Act
(WMA), the Water Conservation Standards are incorporated into the WMA permit.


In 1999, the MWRC adopted Interbasin Transfer Act (ITA) Performance Standards, which communities
must meet in order to be approved by the MWRC for an “interbasin transfer” – the intermunicipal
transport of drinking water or wastewater across watershed boundaries, at volumes meeting thresholds
for “significance”. The ITA Performance Standards for drinking water transfers address similar demand
management strategies as the 2006 Water Conservation Standards.


While not all communities are subject to the Water Conservation Standards or ITA Performance
Standards from a regulatory perspective, both sets of standards can be helpful guidelines to communities
in setting demand management targets to maximize the efficiency of existing supplies.


      1.1 Water Resources Commission Standards and Recommendations for Water
      Conservation


      Table A1 provides an overview of the EOEA and MWRC Water Conservation Standards (July 2006).
      These standards and recommendations may be helpful to communities in determining how additional
      conservation and demand management measures may help further reduce pressures on existing
      supplies. For the complete guidance, please see the complete documents: Water Conservation
      Standards for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and Guide to Lawn and Landscape Water
      Conservation,   available    on     the    Water       Resources         Commission           website,         at
      http://www.state.ma.us/envir/mwrc/default.htm.




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                                                                                                             Water Budget Report
                                                                                          Conservation and Improvement Measures
                                                                                                                   April 30, 2007


Table A1: Standards and Recommendations Selected from EOEA/MWRC’s 2006 Water Conservation
Standards for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
 Category        Standard                                             Recommendations
                                                                      1. Integrated Planning – Infrastructure planning evaluations
                 1.    Develop a drought management plan that              within communities should include water supply, wastewater
                       follows American Water Works                        and stormwater with greater emphasis on the issue that is
                       Association Drought Management                      most problematic. Planning should either follow: a) the
                       Planning guidance (AWWA, 1992).                     MassDEP guidance for Integrated Plans; or b) the Water
                 2.    Develop emergency management plans                  Resources Commission guidance for a Local Water Resources
                       as per MassDEP requirements (MassDEP                Management Plan. Specific principles that should be
                       Policy 87-05 Declaration of a State of              considered include the following:
                       Water Supply Emergency - or the latest                 Stormwater
                       available version).                                    Wastewater
 Comprehensive
                 3.    Develop a written program to comply with               Infiltration and Inflow (I/I)
 Planning
                       these Conservation Standards and, where                Water Supply
                       possible, with the recommendations             2. Communicate with other local officials – To aid in community
                       outlined in this document, in the                   planning and decision making, water suppliers should keep
                       operation and management of the water               local officials (Conservation Commissions, Zoning and Planning
                       supply systems.                                     Boards, Selectmen, and other agencies concerned with
                 4.    Make the above documents readily                    development) regularly informed of water consumption and
                       available to personnel from all municipal           supply availability.
                       departments to facilitate compliance and,      3. Water Banks – Communities and water suppliers, especially
                       if necessary, enforcement.                          those prone to capacity problems or experiencing significant
                                                                           growth, should consider establishing a Water Bank.
                                                                      1.    Comprehensive Water Audits – Conduct a comprehensive
                                                                           audit every 5 to 10 years depending on the findings of the ASR
                                                                           audit.
                                                                      2. System Assessment – To help eliminate and prevent leaks and
                 1.     Conduct the ASR water audit on an                  water loss, water suppliers should perform assessments of
                        annual basis using the MassDEP Water               their systems on a regular basis to determine where capital
                        Audit Guidance Document.                           improvements are appropriate and incorporate the
                 2.     Conduct complete system-wide leak                  recommendations into a long-term capital improvement
                        detection every two (2) years unless:              program.
                           The results of the ASR water audit        3. Guidance for Leak Repair – Communities and water suppliers
                            indicate that leakage constitutes a            looking for more specific guidance on timelines for repairing
                            small portion of the system’s                  leaks should refer to the following:
                            unaccounted-for water; or                         MassDEP guidance
                           The volume of leaks detected through               (http://www.mass.gov/dep/water/approvals/wmgforms.ht
                            the most current leak detection survey             m#audit)
                            (conducted within the previous two                MWRA regulations, 360 CMR 12.09: Leak Repairs
 Water Audits               years) indicates insignificant leakage.   4. Leak Detection Services – Communities and water suppliers
 and Leak        3.     Meet or demonstrate steady progress                should consider pooling resources to procure leak detection
 Detection              towards meeting 10% UAW as soon as                 services, similar to the MWRA program that procures a leak
                        practicable, especially in those                   detection consultant for a three-year period and makes the
                        communities in a basin with a higher level         consultant services available to customer communities on a
                        of stress. The WRC will periodically               task order basis.
                        monitor the statewide progress of             5. Establish penalties and/or fines for stealing water – Those with
                        communities using information provided             authority to set and enforce penalties for theft of public water
                        in the ASR water audit.                            (including but not limited to municipal Water Commissioners,
                 4.     Conduct field surveys for leaks and repair         Town Selectmen and public water suppliers; not including
                        programs in accordance with the AWWA               private water suppliers) develop a new bylaw/ordinance or
                        Manual 36 and any MassDEP guidance                 amend existing bylaws/ordinances to establish a penalty by
                        documents.                                         providing authority to levy a significant fine and/or penalty,
                 5.     Repair all leaks found as expeditiously as         that may be enforced criminally or non-criminally.
                        possible.                                     6. Pressure Reduction – The Massachusetts plumbing code (248
                                                                           CMR 10.14(g) Excessive Water Pressure) requires that a
                                                                           pressure reducing valve be installed on the water service
                                                                           connection to a building when the pressure is eighty (80)
                                                                           pounds per square inch (psi) or greater.
                 1.    Ensure 100% metering of all water uses,        1. Funding for Meter Replacement – The Commonwealth should
                       including all indoor water use at all               make financial assistance (e.g. matching grants) available for
 Metering              municipal facilities (schools, school               meter replacement and automatic meter reading equipment.
                       athletic fields, etc.).




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                                                                                                              Water Budget Report
                                                                                           Conservation and Improvement Measures
                                                                                                                    April 30, 2007

Category          Standard                                             Recommendations
                  2. Increase billing frequency. For domestic          2. For billing,
                      accounts bill customers on actual, not                    Indicate the rate structure on the water bill.
                      estimated, meter readings. If billing                     For large users read meters and generate bills monthly.
                      frequency is less than quarterly (i.e.                    Where applicable, share the cost of reading and billing
                      annual or biannual) implement to                           between the water and sewer operations.
                      quarterly billing as soon as possible.                    Utilities move toward adopting billing software that allows
                  3. Implement a water meter                                     customers to compare their individual water use for the
                      repair/replacement policy and program.                     previous 12 months, and compare their water use with
                      The program should replace meters by                       average water use for their customer class.
                      size and time based on AWWA standards                     Report water use in gallons, and provide a table or
                      and guidelines available on the MassDEP                    brochure on residential water use (i.e. residential gallons
                      website.                                                   per capita per day, rgpcd) and the average cost of bottled
                  4. Seal all water account metering systems                     water for ease of understanding, comparison to water use
                      against tampering and periodically inspect                 standards, and promotion of efficient water use behavior.
                      to ensure water works system integrity.                   Water bills could include an automated “thanks for
                  5. Calibrate any meter used to record                          conserving water” message where use drops over the
                      quantity, according to its type and                        comparable period the previous year, and a “please do
                      specification.                                             what you can to conserve water” message for users whose
                  6. Properly size water service lines and                       water use increased over the same time period.
                      meters to handle required water volumes                   In communities with Automatic Meter Reading systems,
                      and ensure a high level of metering                        web site could be set up to provide secure access to water
                      accuracy.                                                  use data by customers and water auditors.
                  7. Water suppliers establish the necessary                    Printed material encouraging residents to save money by
                      regulations and controls to ensure that                    conserving water, providing advice on how to conserve,
                      owners of large meters (1.5 inches or                      announcing rebates, etc. should accompany the water bill.
                      greater) calibrate the meters annually and       3. Remote Reading – Communities/water suppliers should
                      provide the results as part of an annual              consider investing in an automated meter reading system that
                      reporting requirement                                 allows remote reading of meters and facilitates more frequent
                                                                            billing to improve cash flow, eliminates estimated meter
                                                                            readings, utilizes employees efficiently, supports water audits,
                                                                            detects leaks, monitors UAW, enables users to track their
                                                                            water use, and provides water suppliers with more detailed
                                                                            information on water use patterns in the community that can
                                                                            be useful in enforcing water use regulations.
                                                                       4. Minimize Use of Estimated Data – Meter reading should be
                                                                            done in a manner that allows for actual data instead of
                                                                            estimated data for ASR reporting
                  1.   Use Full Cost Pricing. Establish a water        1. Rate Structuring – To promote water conservation,
                       pricing structure that includes the full cost        communities and water suppliers should consider rate
                       of operating, maintaining, and protecting            structures that encourage reduction of nonessential water use.
                       the water supply system. Perform a rate         2. Enterprise Accounts – It is recommended that the water
                       evaluation every three to five years to              supplier establish an enterprise account for water in
Pricing                adjust costs as needed.                              accordance with Massachusetts General Law, Chapter 44,
                  2.   Prohibit decreasing block rates.                     Section 53F 1/2 Enterprise Funds.
                       Decreasing block rates that charge lower        3. Develop a Methodology to Assess Environmental Costs – EOEA
                       prices as water use increases during the             should commit to developing a methodology for assessing the
                       billing period, are not allowed by M.G.L.            environmental costs of water withdrawals for water suppliers
                       Chapter 40, Section 39L.                             to use in setting true “full cost” water prices.
                  1.   Install Water Efficient Plumbing Fixtures.      1. Promote Water Efficient Household Appliances – Water
                       Meet the standards set forth in the                  Efficient Household Appliances (especially clothes washers)
                       Federal Energy Policy Act, 1992 (or most             provide an opportunity for significant water (and energy)
                       recent version) and the Massachusetts                savings.
                       Plumbing Code                                   2. Provide Residential Water Audits – Communities and water
                  2.   Use Residential Water Efficiently. Meet or           suppliers should consider providing free or low cost residential
                       demonstrate steady progress toward                   water audits to customers, targeting the largest users first.
                       meeting residential water use of 65             3. Promote Efficient Non-Landscape Outdoor Water Use – The
Residential Use        gallons per capita per day (gpcd)                    State, communities, water suppliers, and other applicable
                       including both indoor and outdoor use.               public/private/nonprofit organizations should promote efficient
                  3.   Implement a comprehensive residential                outdoor residential water use by educating consumers to
                       water conservation program that seeks to             adopt simple but effective practices.
                       reduce residential water use by                 4. Promote Efficient Lawn and Landscape Water Use.
                       implementing some or all of the                 5. Promote Waterless Plumbing Fixtures – Communities, water
                       applicable recommendations listed in this            suppliers, developers and individuals wishing to go beyond
                       section and by meeting the standards for             current standards and do more to conserve water should
                       Lawn and Landscape.                                  consider installing waterless plumbing fixtures such as a


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                                                                                                             Water Budget Report
                                                                                          Conservation and Improvement Measures
                                                                                                                   April 30, 2007

Category        Standard                                             Recommendations
                                                                         composting toilet or 3-ounce foam flush toilet, which can be
                                                                         flushed with only 6 ounces of a soapy solution (3 ounce pre-
                                                                         flush and 3-ounce post flush).
                                                                     6. Minimize/Discourage Use of Garbage Disposals – Encourage
                                                                         consumers to reduce the use of sink garbage disposals to
                                                                         improve septic system function and save water.
                                                                     7. Educate Homeowners about how Water Conservation benefits
                                                                         Water Quality – Water conservation helps septic systems work
                                                                         better and last longer, and in sewered communities reduces
                                                                         the burden on wastewater treatment facilities, augmenting the
                                                                         return on investment in water-conserving fixtures and
                                                                         appliances.
                                                                     8. Facilitate Leak Repair – Communities should create a list of
                                                                         plumbers that would be willing to fix a leak at a reasonable
                                                                         rate, and provide this list to the public, to provide an incentive
                                                                         for people to fix leaks that they might otherwise allow to run
                                                                         continuously.
                                                                     9. During site design, incorporate Low Impact Development (LID)
                                                                         techniques that preserve or restore a site's natural hydrology,
                                                                         and use low water-use/drought-resistant landscaping
                                                                         techniques, to the maximum extent practicable
                1.     Municipal and state buildings
                          Conduct indoor and outdoor audits
                           and account for full use of water,
                           based on full metering of public
                           buildings, parks, irrigated playing
                           fields, and other facilities.
                          Analyze existing water use data to
                           spot trends, patterns, and
                           unexplained increases that could
                           indicate leaks or inefficient use of
                           water.
                          Identify measures where the greatest
                                                                     1.   Outdoor Water Use – Adopt outdoor water use strategies as
                           efficiencies and potential savings can
                                                                          per recommendations in Lawn and Landscape.
                           be realized.
Public Sector                                                        2.   Create Demonstration Sites – Use public buildings as
                          Build new public buildings with
Use                                                                       demonstration sites for innovative water conservation
                           equipment that reduces water use,
                                                                          techniques such as composting, foam flush and dual flush
                           such as faucet aerators, low flow
                                                                          toilets, cisterns for rain collection, and water-wise landscaping.
                           showerheads, composting or low flow
                           toilets, and self-closing faucets.
                          Focus on replacing/retrofitting water
                           consuming equipment in buildings.
                          Practice good, efficient lawn and
                           landscape water use techniques.
                2.     Meter or estimate contractor use of water
                       from fire hydrants for pipe flushing and
                       construction.
                3.     Strictly apply plumbing codes and
                       incorporate other conservation measures
                       in new and renovated buildings
                1.     Carry out a water audit to determine the      1.   The EOEA Office of Technical Assistance (OTA) should be
                       location and amount of water used for              reinforced in its efforts to provide technical assistance to
                       heating, cooling, processing, sanitary use,        companies and large water users and work with industry
                       and outdoor use.                                   groups and suppliers.
                2.     Significant users (i.e. those using           2.   Significant users should aim, wherever possible, to decrease
Industrial,            >50,000 gpd) install separate meters for           their average water use by at least 10%.
Commercial             process water so that water can be            3.   All ICI users should install/retrofit water saving sanitary
and                    accounted for and appreciated as a raw             devices, including but not limited to low-flow showerheads,
Institutional          material in production, and for sanitary           faucet aerators, toilet displacement devices, and low flow or
Use                    use.                                               high efficiency toilets.
                3.     Develop and implement a water savings         4.   Industrial and commercial users should work with code
                       strategy, addressing among other items:            officials, standards committees, state programs,
                       demand management, leak detection and              manufacturers, and legislators to promote water conservation
                       repair, a program of preventive                    and efficient use.
                       maintenance, and a program of employee        5.   Increase the amount of pervious areas on property. ICI


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                                                                                                         Water Budget Report
                                                                                      Conservation and Improvement Measures
                                                                                                               April 30, 2007

Category       Standard                                           Recommendations
                   education.                                         facilities often include large areas of impervious surfaces
               4. In new and renovated buildings, comply              (building rooftops, parking lots, etc.) which offer excellent
                   with plumbing codes, use the best                  opportunities for green roofs, bioretention areas in parking
                   available technologies for water                   lots, and rainwater harvesting. Rainwater harvesting can serve
                   conservation, and reuse treated                    as a supplemental water supply source and can infiltrate clean
                   wastewater within the facility to the              runoff into the ground where it can replenish aquifers and
                   extent possible.                                   streamflow.
               5. Practice good lawn and landscape water          6. See lawn and landscape recommendations
                   use techniques.
                                                                  1.   A Water Conservation Working Group comprised of agricultural
                                                                       stakeholders should be coordinated and facilitated by the
                                                                       Department of Agricultural Resources (DAR).
                                                                  2.   Industry member associations and commodity groups should
                                                                       be encouraged to develop and promote industry specific best
                                                                       management practices which are dynamic, adaptable to new
                                                                       technology, and are selected based upon both economic and
                                                                       environmental concerns.
               1.   As part of the management of an
                                                                  3.   The Agro-Environmental Technology Grant program should be
                    agricultural operation, adopt a water
                                                                       funded and should include funding dedicated to the
                    conservation approach through which
Agricultural                                                           development of innovative technologies for water
                    water is used in a planned and efficient
Use                                                                    conservation.
                    manner with appropriate amounts and
                                                                  4.   Micro-irrigation systems, such as subsurface drip irrigation
                    frequency to meet needs without
                                                                       (SDI) should be adopted where suitable.
                    excessive water loss
                                                                  5.   Growers should maintain adequate soil moisture for optimum
                                                                       plant growth without causing excessive water loss, erosion or
                                                                       reduced water quality.
                                                                  6.   Where sprinkler systems are used for irrigation, the systems
                                                                       should be capable of uniform application of water with minimal
                                                                       evaporative loss and minimal surface run-off.
                                                                  7.   Irrigation system efficiency should be evaluated on a regular
                                                                       basis
                                                                  1.   Establish policies, regulations, or bylaws/ordinances that
                                                                       ensure that land use and development practices preserve
                                                                       natural vegetation, preserve or restore a site's natural
                                                                       hydrology (by using techniques such as LID), and use low
                                                                       water-use/drought-resistant landscaping techniques, to the
               1.   Minimize watering lawns or landscapes,
                                                                       maximum extent practicable.
                    especially in water short communities and
                                                                  2.   Minimize Use of Potable Water and Groundwater for Lawn
                    where the water source is in a stressed
                                                                       Irrigation – Where technology and regulations allow, use
                    basin or sub-basin.
                                                                       collected rainwater or treated wastewater to help meet
               2.   Develop and implement seasonal demand
                                                                       outdoor water demand, whenever possible.
                    management plans as part of the drought
                                                                  3.   Control Outdoor Water Use – Limit the number of watering
                    management plan. These plans must
                                                                       days per week or per month.
                    identify water supply and environmental
                                                                  4.   Infiltrate Rainwater – Redirect gutter downspouts or rainwater
                    indicators (such as streamflow triggers)
                                                                       collection overflow spouts away from pavement and into
                    to serve as water use restriction triggers
                                                                       places where water can infiltrate into the ground, like a rain
                    and outline a set of increasingly stringent
                                                                       garden.
                    and effective water use restrictions that
Lawn and                                                          5.   Irrigate Efficiently – Water only when necessary. The amount
                    are designed to protect public health and
landscape                                                              of water applied should be sufficient to only fill the effective
                    the environment.
                                                                       root zone and minimize evaporative loss.
               3.   Adopt and implement (as appropriate) a
                                                                  6.   Maximize Water Conservation of Automatic Irrigation Systems
                    water use restriction bylaw, ordinance or
                                                                       – Use the best available technology to ensure maximum water
                    regulation, which applies to both
                                                                       efficiency and conduct regular irrigation audits to evaluate and
                    municipal and private wells.
                                                                       adjust water efficiency.
               4.   Abide by water restrictions and other
                                                                  7.   Enhance Soil Health – Ensure adequate depth and type of soil.
                    conservation measures implemented by
                                                                       At least 6 inches of topsoil is recommended. Generally, a
                    the municipality or water supplier.
                                                                       sandy loam with 5% organic content is recommended for turf
               5.   Fully enforce water use restrictions. This
                                                                       grass and landscapes.
                    will ensure effectiveness of the
                                                                  8.   Mow High, Often, and Sharp – Mow lawns at the highest
                    restrictions so that they will be taken
                                                                       recommended height (at least 2.5 inches), and do not allow
                    seriously by the public.
                                                                       grass to grow higher than about 4 to 5 inches.
                                                                  9.   Plant According to Micro-Climates – Be aware of the various
                                                                       micro-climates in your yard and plan your gardens and
                                                                       plantings accordingly.




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                                                                                                          Water Budget Report
                                                                                       Conservation and Improvement Measures
                                                                                                                April 30, 2007

Category        Standard                                           Recommendations
                1. Each community develop and implement
                     an education plan, which includes most, if
                     not all, items in the following list:
                       Target the largest users early on to
                        realize the greatest potential savings
                        and to demonstrate the benefits of a
                        conservation program.
                       Include in bill stuffers or bills a work
                        sheet on the reverse to enable
                        customers to track water use and
                        conservation efforts and estimate the
                        dollar savings.
                       Use public space advertising/media to
                        highlight stories on successes.
                       Establish conservation information
                        centers perhaps run jointly with
                        electric or gas company.
                       Encourage speakers for community
                        organizations.
                       Partner with garden clubs,
                        environmental organizations and
                        others on campaigns promoting wise         1.   Communities/water suppliers should hire a part- or full-time
                        water use.                                      water conservation coordinator or circuit rider shared among
                       Sponsor public service                          several water systems.
                        announcements; radio/T.V./audio-           2.   To facilitate implementation of these standards a position of
                        visual presentations on supply sources          State Water Conservation Coordinator should be established in
                        and current status.                             the Executive Office of Environmental Affairs to work with
                       Conduct joint advertising with                  water suppliers, industries, watershed associations, and other
Public                  hardware stores to promote                      local entities as well as with existing state programs.
Education and           conservation devices.                      3.   Water suppliers and the state should consider using social
Outreach               Use civic and professional organization         marketing to help build public support for water conservation.
                        resources.                                 4.   Other town boards should get involved in water conservation,
                       Sponsor special events such as                  especially those regulating land use (Planning and Zoning
                        Conservation Fairs.                             Boards), managing Town property (park and recreation
                       Make available multilingual materials           departments, cemetery departments) looking after water
                        as needed.                                      resources and aquatic habitats (Conservation Commissions,
                       Incorporate contests and recognition            Boards of Health) and Open Space/Community Preservation
                        for innovation into the public                  committees.
                        education program.
                       Organize water conservation
                        workshops for the general public and
                        include it in the school curriculum.
                       Provide information on water-wise
                        landscaping, gardening, efficient
                        irrigation, and lawn care practices.
                       Include education information in
                        retrofit and rebate programs.
                       Water users and agencies should
                        choose from these and other
                        resources to create and implement
                        programs best suited for their
                        particular situation.
                2. As part of a public education program
                     address the issue of why it is equally
                     important for self-supplied water users to
                     conserve water, especially when their
                     water source might dry up an aquatic
                     habitat or deplete the water available for
                     public use.




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                                                                                                            Water Budget Report
                                                                                         Conservation and Improvement Measures
                                                                                                                  April 30, 2007


2.0      Federal and State Funding Programs for Water Supply Improvements


The following tables (A2 and A3) summarize state and federal funding programs available to water
suppliers for water system improvements.
Table A2: Federal Funding Programs
 Program                      Rural Water and Waste Disposal Grants and Loans
 Sponsor                      U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Rural Development (RD)
                              Guaranteed (pay back up to 40 years) loans and grants on a federal fiscal year (FY) basis
                              (October 1 –September 30). As of the current federal quarter (FY04 – 2nd Quarter), loan rates
 Type
                              can range from 4.5 – 4.625% and grants can be for up to 75% (35-40% usual maximum) of
                              eligible project costs (no planning).
 Competition                  Loans – moderate; extremely high for grant funds.
                              This program provides funding for water and waste projects serving the most financially needy
 Background                   communities. Financial assistance should result in reasonable user costs for rural residents,
                              rural business and other rural users.
                                     Public bodies, such as municipalities, counties, districts or other political subdivision of
                                       a state
 Eligible Applicants
                                     Non-profit organizations
                                     Indian tribes on federal or state reservations
                              Those in communities (and/or special purpose districts) with a population under 10,000 and
                              with a median household income under $43,000 based on 1990 U.S. Census Data that provide
 Eligible Projects
                              new or upgraded water and waste disposal facilities/services for rural residents and
                              businesses, especially those that alleviate public health issues.
 Eligible Costs               Design and construction phase project costs.
                              User-friendly agency with relatively simple application requirements. Submittals do require
 Ease of Application Filing   technical and financial expertise. Requests for funding may be filed at any rural development
                              office in the county, district, or state. Not a regulatory agency.
                              Headquarters Office:
                              U.S. Department of Agriculture
                              Rural Utilities Service
                              Assistant Administrator
                              Water and Environmental Programs
                              1400 Independence Ave., SW
                              Washington, D.C. 20250

 Program Contacts             Diane King, Rural Development Specialist
                              USDA/RD Area Office
                              Holden, MA
                              508-829-4477 ext. 4

                              Ronald Koontz, Rural Development Specialist
                              USDA/RD Area Office
                              West Wareham, MA
                              508-295-5151 ext. 3
                              Year 1 – File application in late winter to early summer prior to congressional appropriation of
                              funds for the next fiscal year. - Federal appropriation by October 1.
 Calendar
                              Year 2 – Approval of project as soon as federal appropriation available after October 1, and
                              RD/RUS issues commitment letter.




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                                                                                                           Water Budget Report
                                                                                        Conservation and Improvement Measures
                                                                                                                 April 30, 2007


Table A3: Summary of Available State Funding Programs
 Program                Massachusetts Drinking Water State Revolving (Loan) Fund (DWSRF)
                        Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (DEP)/Massachusetts Water Pollution
 Sponsor
                        Abatement Trust (MWPAT)
                        Low Interest Loan Program distributed on a calendar year (CY) basis (January 1 – December 31). CY
 Type                   2006 program legislation provides for a subsidized 2% loan (fixed) and will operate with
                        approximately $100-125 million in financing.
                        High. In DWSRF Program, funds are only available for construction phase project costs (no planning
 Competition
                        or design).
                        The DWSRF provides low-cost financing to help community public water suppliers comply with
                        federal and state drinking water requirements. The DWSRF Program’s goals are to protect public
 Background
                        health and strengthen compliance with drinking water requirements, while addressing the
                        Commonwealth’s drinking water needs.
                        Engineering, design and construction of drinking water projects including:
                               New and upgraded drinking water treatment facilities
                               New wastewater treatment facilities
                               Projects to replace contaminated sources, new water treatment, or storage facilities
 Eligible Projects
                               Consolidation or restructuring of water systems
                               Projects and system activities that provide treatment, or effective alternatives to treatment,
                                  for compliance with regulated health standards
                               Installation or replacement of transmission or distribution systems
                        Multiple/Difficult – requires both a preliminary (Project Evaluation Form) and final application (SRF
 Application Process
                        Application) and both technical and administrative/financial expertise.
                        Program administration handled by DEP Boston office (Division of Municipal Services). Regional
 Note                   offices responsible for permitting and technical approvals. Boston office recently reorganized staff
                        and functions

                        Municipal Services Staff in Boston:
                        Steven J. McCurdy, Director
                        Department of Environmental Protection, Division of Municipal Services
                        One Winter Street, 5th Floor
                        Boston, MA 02108
                        617-292-5779

                        Drinking Water Program staff in DEP’s Boston office:
                        Donovan Bowley
                        617-292-5523

 Program Contacts       Yvette DePeiza
                        617-292-5857

                        Regions
                             Northeast – One Winter Street, Boston, MA 02108
                             Kevin Brander, 617-654-6519
                             Southeast – 20 Riverside Drive, Lakeville
                             Dick Keith, 508-946-2784
                             Central – 627 Main Street, Worcester
                             Paul Anderson, 508-767-2802
                             West – 436 Dwight Street, Springfield
                             Deirdre Cabral, 413-755-2148
                        Year 1 – State/Federal Appropriations – by October 1
                        Year 2 – DEP Request for Projects – June 1 +
                             - Submission of Project Evaluation Forms – August 15
 Calendar (same cycle        - DEP Priority List finalized – by December 31
 each year)             Year 3 – Local Funding Authorization – by June 30
                             - File full application – by October 15
                             - DEP approval of project and issuance of Project Approval Certificate – by December 31
                             - Project must start within 6 months of PAC issuance




                                                                                                                           Page 9
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                                                                                                             Water Budget Report
                                                                                          Conservation and Improvement Measures
                                                                                                                   April 30, 2007


Table A4: Summary of Available State Funding Programs (Cont……..)
 Program                   Water Loss Prevention Grant Program
 Sponsor                   Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Resource Protection
                           Grants of up to $40,000 for eligible public water systems. All grant awards shall be for
 Type
                           reimbursement of approved project costs.
                           Qualified proposals selected on competitive basis with priority given to those public water systems
 Competition               that have withdrawal points located within a medium or highly stressed basin as per the Water
                           Resource Commission.
                           This grant program provides funds to public water systems to address drinking water supply and
                           distribution system water losses. The funding will be utilized to support projects that promote the
                           implementation of drinking water conservation programs. The Massachusetts Drinking Water State
 Background
                           Revolving Load Fund (DWSRF) provides monies for this grant program in support of the
                           Massachusetts Water Resources Commission and DEP watershed management policies and water
                           conservation initiatives.
                           Proposed projects must provide a twenty-five percent (25%) match of the requested grant amount.
                           In-kind services are eligible as a match. The direct recipient of the grant must be a public water
                           system or municipality. Projects may be developed, carried out, and completed by non-
                           governmental organizations (NGO’s), regional planning agencies, consultants, etc. on behalf of the
 Eligibility
                           public water system. Proposed projects must provide an appropriate method evaluating
                           environmental results, e.g., determining potential water losses or inefficiencies through the
                           preparation of a comprehensive water audit and quantifying the water savings from repaired leaks,
                           etc.
                                  Water audits: conduct a water audit for the distribution and metering systems.
                                  Leak detection survey program and report: design, implement, and/or continue a
                                      comprehensive leak detection survey program that includes report preparation and repair
                                      work.
                                  Develop GIS maps of the supply and distribution systems piping, valves, and hydrants that
 Eligible Projects                    will enhance annual leak detection surveys for those systems with deficient maps.
                                  Public Water Conservation Outreach Program that may include; working with public schools,
                                      producing local cable or billing stuffer announcements, and distributing water conservation
                                      education information and Low Water Use Impact Development concepts to agricultural,
                                      commercial, industrial, and residential consumers.
                                  Other projects deemed eligible by DEP.
                           RFR Posted on Commonwealth of Massachusetts Procurement Assessment Solicitation System Web
 Application Process       site: www.comm-pass.com. Competitive applications must respond to the RFR’s project goals,
                           eligibility requirements, and evaluation criteria.
                                 Malcolm Harper
                                 Department of Environmental Protection
 Program Contacts                Bureau of Resource Protection
                                 Division of Municipal Services
                                 (508) 767-2745
                           RFR Released on Comm-PASS: January 14, 2005
                           RFR Informational Meeting in CERO: February 8, 2005
                           Deadline for Submitting Written Questions: February 8, 2005
 *Calendar (based on
                           Response to Questions posted on Comm-PASS: February 18, 2005
 2005 Timeline)
                           Responses due to Department: March 14, 2005
                           Evaluation of Responses by Review Committee: March – April, 2005
                           Selected Projects Submitted for Final Approval: May 2005
          *Deadlines are provided as general guideline based on earlier round of grant funding.   Deadlines for future grant funding
          may vary.




                                                                                                                            Page 10
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                                                                                                               Water Budget Report
                                                                                            Conservation and Improvement Measures
                                                                                                                     April 30, 2007


Table A5: Summary of Available State Funding Programs (Cont……..)
 Program                   Drinking Water Supply Protection Grants
                           Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, in coordination with the Executive Office of
 Sponsor
                           Environmental Affairs
 Type                      Grant funding with a maximum reimbursement amount of up to $500,000 per award
 Competition               Eligible proposals evaluated based on Primary and Secondary Criteria
                           The Drinking Water Supply Protection Grant makes available funding to municipalities and other
                           eligible entities to protect and actively maintain key parcels of land believed critical to current and
                           future drinking water supplies, including the protection of land in and around groundwater aquifers
 Background
                           and recharge areas, surface water supplies and watershed areas, and surface or underground lands
                           adjacent to those resources. Protection can be provided through: fee simple ownership, less than
                           fee simple (conservation restriction) or a combination of fee simple and less than fee simple.
                           Open to municipalities and entities that were created to provide drinking water infrastructure and
                           services to the public. Such entities include, but are not limited to Water Districts and Fire Districts.
 Eligibility
                           Eligible respondents must have a current Source Water Assessment and Protection Report on file
                           with MA DEP.
                           All parcels for which assistance is provided through this grant must be open to the general public for
 Eligible Projects         appropriate outdoor/recreational use while consistent with 310 CMR 22.00 and protected open space
                           under Article 97 of the Amendments to the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
 Application Process       Requires parcel appraisal, Commonwealth Capital Score and matching funding.
                           Christy Edwards
                           Executive Office of Environmental Affairs
                           100 Cambridge Street, Suite 900
 Program Contacts          Boston, MA, 02114
                           (617) 626-1151 (Phone)
                           (617) 626-1181 (Fax)
                           Christy.Edwards@state.ma.us
                           DEP Posts Requests for Responses (RFR): May 2006
 *Calendar (Based on
                           Grant Workshop: June 14 and June 20, 2007
 FY07)
                           Responses Due: September 15, 2007
          *Deadlines are provided as general guideline based on earlier round of grant funding.    Deadlines for future grant funding
          may vary.




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