PowerPoint Presentation - American Popular Music by ewghwehws

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									American Popular Music

    Week 7, Wednesday
   Dr. Joseph Harchanko
                      Ray Charles
                                      Style?

Songs?        “What’d I Say?”           Blues-based

         “Georgia On My Mind”           TPA

     “I Can’t Stop Lovin’ You”          Country

          “I Got a Woman”
         “Hallelujah I Love Her So”      Soul?

Significance? First “soul”artist to blend gospel and secular
              music.
                        Soul Music
   Ray Charles           James Brown         Aretha Frankllin

Style: All                Like a secular         Gospel-rich soul
                          preacher
Sound:
 Always back to         Riff based, often         Powerful gospel
 the blues              abandoning chord          voice with riff-like
 Piano                  changes, concentrating    vocal backing
 Often big arrange-     on rhythm and timbre
 ments
 Soulful, blues voice
                       Soul Music
  Ray Charles          James Brown           Aretha Frankllin

Significance:

 Innovated blend       Intensified import-   Powerful voice in
 of gospel music       ance of rhythm.       Feminism.
 with secular music-   First rapper?
 The style now known   Overtly political.
 as “Soul”
                     Soul Music
“Papa’s Got a Brand New Bag”           “Respect”
 12-bar blues broken by bridge           Radically changes
 after 2 strophes (Like what piece?)     the meaning of the
Sound:                                   song from Otis
                                         Redding’s original
  Riff-dominated. Stop time.
  Uses avoids of rhythmic continuity      Gospel power with
  to organize form. Static Harmony        Riff-vocal back-up
  In bridge.

  A       A     Bridge   A
  a       a a   No chord
    a         b change
        b
                      Bob Dylan
Style:   Urban Folk
 Significance:   1.Strong Poetic imagery
                 2.Unique performing style
                 Bob Dylan
 “Blowin’ in the wind”
  How many roads must a man walk down
  Before you call him a man?
  Yes, ‘n’ how many seas must a white dove sail
  Before she sleeps in the sand?
  Yes, ‘n’ how many times must the cannon balls fly
  Before they’re forever banned?
  The answer, my friend, is blowin’ in the wind,
  The answer is blowin’ in the wind.
               Bob Dylan
 “Don’t Think Twice, It’s All Right”
  Still I wish there was somthin’ you would do
    or say
  To try and make me change my mind and
    stay.
  We never did too much talkin’ anyway,
  But don’t think twice, it’s all right.
                    Bob Dylan
 “Like A Rolling Stone”
    Folk rock
       Guitars, bass and drums
       Contradiction?
   Sound
      Dense, organ and piano
      Singing?
   Innovations
      6:00
      Variable strophe (subordinate to poetic text)
                   Bob Dylan
 “Like a Rolling Stone”
    Text:
      Sardonic commentary on loss of privilege
      Intensity from density. Compare:
     “How many road must a man walk down
     Before you call him a man”
     -with-
     “Once upon a time you dressed so fine; you threw the
       bums a dime in your prime
     Didn’t you?”
        Counterculture and
         Psychedelic Rock
 Vietnam
 Civil Rights
 Communitarian values
 Interest in eastern ideas (musical and
  non-musical)
  San Francisco Rock
Jefferson Airplane   Grateful Dead    Janis Joplin
   first               communal        Hard blues
                     Pioneered transition
                     From urban folk
                     To folk rock
                   Guitar Heros
 Inspired by
    Les Paul
    Muddy Waters
    Robert Johnson
 Equal importance of noise
    Distortion
    Wa-wa pedals
 Hendrix
    Purple Haze
 Clapton
    Cream
       The Beatles (again)
 Interest in recording studios
  St. Pepper
 Interest in Indian music and ideas
  Norwegian Woods
  Within You without You
 Interest in experimental sounds
  Revolution No.9
        Counterculture and
         Psychedelic Rock
 Not systematic, but two factors:
  Vietnam
  Civil Rights
        Counterculture and
         Psychedelic Rock
 Vietnam
 Civil Rights
 Communitarian values
 Interest in eastern ideas (musical and
  non-musical)
         Counterculture and
          Psychedelic Rock
 Beatles Increased interest in Indian classical music
              St. Peppers Lonely Heart Club Band

 San Francisco
   Jefferson Airplane
   Janis Joplin
   The Grateful Dead

								
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