Plant Classification

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					Plant
Classification
    -a means of
    grouping plants
    according to their
    similarities
Plant
Classifications
   Botanical
    Identifies plants
     according to their
     physical
     characteristics
Plant
Classifications
   Descriptive
    System that
     identifies plants by
     their use and life
     cycle
Botanical System
of Classification
   7 Categories
Botanical System
of Classification
 1. Kingdom
 2. Division or
  Phylum
 3. Class

  Subclass
Botanical System
of Classification
 4.   Order
 5.   Family
 6.   Genus
 7.   Species
Botanical System
of Classification
   Why do we need
    this?
     -clearly id’s
      plants
     Universal
Crop Plants
   Monocots and
    Dicots
Monocots
 1 cotyledon in a
  seed
 Leaves with parallel
  veins
 Vascular bundles
  scattered
  throughout
Monocots
 Root System
  composed of many
  fibrous roots with
  many hairs
 Flower parts in 3’s
Dicots
 2 cotyledons in each
  seed
 Leaves with network
  of veins
 Vascular bundles
  form ring outside of
  stem
Dicots
 Root system
  composed of
  primary tap root and
  many hairs
 Flowers in 4’s or 5’s
Legumes
 -a family of plants
  whose seeds are
  formed in fruit and
  the fruits are formed
  in pods
 Have ability to take
  N from the air
Life Cycles
   Annuals:
    complete life cycle
    in one season
Life Cycles
 Summer Annuals
  Planted in spring,
   harvested in fall
 Winter Annuals

  Planted in fall,
   harvested in
   following summer
Life Cycles
   Biennials
    Complete life
     cycle occurs over
     two growing
     seasons
Life Cycles
   Perennials
    Live year after
     year

				
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posted:7/28/2012
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