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THE NEW WORLD What is the history and future of Anglo, Latin, and Afro America? What are the current effects of corruption in America? NEW WORLD HISTORY THE NEW WORLD DEFINITIONS: objective – the goal or purpose trading route – a path used for trading by ship over oceans obtain – to acquire or get luxury items – things that aren’t necessary to live; but make it nicer THE NEW WORLD sophisticated – to be of a higher nature or quality convince – to have someone agree with you and / or your point of view enslave – to make a slave converting – to change someone to your religion THE NEW WORLD belief system – a group of ideas and beliefs; usually concerning religion spirit – in this case; your passion to live identity crisis – your idea of what is real is completely changed so that you don’t know who you are any more or what to believe majority – more than half exposed - THE NEW WORLD Immunity – when a person can hold away germs Imperialism – when a country dominates another country by controlling its people through government. THE NEW WORLD Christopher Columbus discovered the western hemisphere; the continents of North and South America with Central America between the two. Columbus’ objective was to find a trading route to China for the purpose of obtaining Chinese silk, spices, and other luxury items. Christopher sailed for Spain; but he was an Italian. THE NEW WORLD The history of Spain is both unique and similar to the rest of Europe. Originally, it was inhabited by Paleolithic man migrating from Africa several thousand years ago. Then Celtic people from present day Hungary entered into the region and mixed with the inhabitants. In northwest Spain there still exists a culture that uses bagpipes and kilts regularly. THE NEW WORLD For the next several hundred years many people from different ethnic backgrounds entered and mixed with Spain; especially the Germanic people. Each of these peoples brings a value and cultural personality with them. The Germans have been known for militaristic qualities. The Celts were warriors, hunters, and keepers of livestock. THE NEW WORLD The Greeks and Phoenicians inhabited the Iberian Peninsula at the same time as the Celts. They brought the Greek classical culture of art, sculpture, and metallurgy. The Carthaginians from Northern Africa inhabited Spain prior to the Romans conquering the Mediterranean region. The Romans brought a governmental system that they had modified from the Greeks to Spain. THE NEW WORLD This system is still seen in Latin American cities as the town square or plaza comprising the Catholic church, the city hall and government buildings. They also brought the plantation system based on slave labor. Another important characteristic of Roman influence was that they were not just living amongst the people; but settled in and enslaved the people intending to live there forever. THE NEW WORLD Most importantly, the Romans brought a legal system that is still seen; where a defendant is not tried by a jury, but by a judge. Also, it brought the Catholic church which is still a very strong religion of Latin America. All of these characteristics of conquering peoples had an influence on how the Spanish would treat their conquered colonies. THE NEW WORLD The next strong influence that conquered Spain was the Moors; the Islamic religion. In 711 A.D., the Moors crossed from northern Africa by the Strait of Gibraltar into Spain. This was the second most influence in Spain besides the Romans. THE NEW WORLD The Moors were in Spain for 800 years. They entered Spain at a time in history when Europe was in the Dark Ages. This was a time of feudalism. Philosophy and knowledge was not allowed in Europe. THE NEW WORLD With the Moors came thousands of Jews. Jews were allowed to live peacefully within Islamic regions and law. The Moors and Jews brought medicine, teachers, and merchants. This revitalized and created a new Spanish culture. THE NEW WORLD THE NEW WORLD In 1469, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabel united Spain under one ruler. In 1492, the last Islamic baron and the Jews were expelled from Spain. The unification did not include Portugal because it had already freed itself from the Moors earlier. THE NEW WORLD Europeans felt that they were the best, most sophisticated culture in the world at this time in history. In order to convince themselves that they were right to enslave the North American Indians, they convinced themselves that they were helping them by teaching and converting the Indians to Christianity. THE NEW WORLD It is not that Christianity is wrong; but forcing people to change their whole belief system destroyed the spirit of many of the Indians. This led to an identity crisis for many and a wish to die rather than change. This still happens today in certain circumstances. THE NEW WORLD The presence of Europeans killed many Indians through slavery. But the majority of Indians died through illnesses that the Europeans brought with them; such as, small pox. Indians had never been exposed to these diseases; so there was no immunity to the diseases. THE NEW WORLD It is widely believed that Columbus landed first on a Caribbean island; named Hispaniola on old maps. Today it is divided into two countries; Dominican Republic and Haiti. Columbus made a total of four separate trips to the New World. He discovered islands now named; Cuba, Puerto Rico, and went even to the eastern coast of North America. THE NEW WORLD The Awarak and Carib Indians lived in this island region. They were semi nomadic; living in temporary huts hunting and gathering. Some lived in dugout boats that were called barbacoas. THE NEW WORLD Later when the Spaniards traveled into Central America and Mexico, they remembered the word ‘barbacoas’ and applied it to the cooking style of meat they saw. With time this word has transformed into the word ‘barbecue’. THE NEW WORLD The name of the eastern most islands remains the West Indies referring to the idea that Columbus thought he had discovered India. Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian mapmaker, wrote many stories about the new world; thus his named was remembered for the naming of the new continent. THE NEW WORLD The Spaniards tried their feudalism system in the new world; which didn’t work. The Indians weren’t accustomed to the hard labor expected of them. The result was mistreatment and starvation. THE NEW WORLD The Age of Exploration affected the whole world; not just the Americas. Portugal began the Age of exploration as it traded with the western coast of Africa. This eventually, included the slave trade. THE NEW WORLD Portugal had Prince Henry who was very interested in adventure, navigation, and science. As Spain began its push of exploration, a rivalry started between Portugal and Spain. This tension resulted in the Line of Demarcation. THE NEW WORLD The Line of Demarcation splits the new world between Portugal and Spain. The land on the west of the line was given to Spain by the Pope. While the land to the east was given to Portugal. THE NEW WORLD Portugal then sent its ships to the east; Southeast Asia. In this process, it took over the Muslims trade routes. With time, the Dutch took over the Portuguese routes. This becomes the Dutch East India Company. THE NEW WORLD By the 1800’s, the French and English also established trading territories in Indonesia. This is known as the Age of Imperialism. The United States did not believe in imperialism; but began to weaken its stance as all the land in the world was being taken by European countries.
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