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Japanese Culture! Ancient Japanese Art • Emakimono (known as “Emaki”): This style of Japanese art dates back to the 1100s. One unfolded the scroll from right to left; one would unfold an illustration and then read a narrative to the left. However, because emakimono were published on paper, we have very few samples left today. Modern Japanese Art = Anime • The term anime - sometimes called “Japanimation” - refers to the tradition of Japanese animation that is recognized by its artistic quality and the artistic conventions anime artists use. Typically anime characters have overly exaggerated features. One example of this is the use of child-like, large eyes. Anime! • Director Hayao Miyazaki is a critically acclaimed animated film director. • The success of his films has caused people to call him the Japanese Walt Disney. • Miyazaki is an incredible anime artist and director because he uses traditional animation throughout the animation process, though computer-generated imagery was employed starting with Princess Mononoke to give "a little boost of elegance“ and to meet the release deadline. •In an interview Miyazaki said "it's very important for me to retain the right ratio between working by hand and computer. I have learnt that balance now, how to use both and still be able to call my films 2D." • However, in his 2008 film Ponyo, Miyazaki went back to traditional hand-drawn animation for everything, saying "hand drawing on paper is the fundamental of animation.“ •Studio Ghibli's computer animation department was dissolved before production on Ponyo was started, and Miyazaki has decided to stick to hand drawn animation. Youtube Link for the trailer to: • My Neighbor Totoro Manga • Manga: This is the Japanese word for comics or print cartoons. Literally translated, it means “random or whimsical pictures”. • Cultural Importance of Manga: Though roughly equivalent to the American comic book, manga holds more importance in Japanese culture than comics do in American culture. In economic terms, weekly sales of comics in Japan exceed the entire annual output of the American comic industry. • Example: Manga Page from Marmalade Boy: • Traditional Reading Direction Japanese Numbers Japanese English (pronunciation) one ichi (eechy) two ni (knee) three san (as it sounds) shi / yon (she / four yawn) five go (as it sounds) six roku (row-koo) seven shichi (she-chee) eight hachi (ha-chee) nine kyu (koo) ten ju (joo) Japanese Capsule Hotel • Japanese Capsule Hotel: Hotels that rent sleeping capsules make good use of scarce space in crowded cities. Each capsule has a mattress, a television with headphones and a clock. Capsule hotels have restaurants, recreation areas, and public lounges where guests can meet and mingle until ready for bed. Japanese Street Fashion • Japan began to emulate Western Fashion during the middle of the 19th century. By the beginning of the 21st century it had altered into what is known today as Street Fashion. • The term 'Street Fashion' is used to describe fashion where the wearer personally customizes the outfits by adopting a mixture of current and traditional trends. Such clothes are generally home-made with the use of material bought from the stores. • At present there are many styles of dress in Japan, created from a mix of both local and foreign labels. Some of these styles are extreme and avant-garde. Japanese Street Fashion Chopsticks! • The Japanese word for chopsticks is hashi, which means "bridge". Unlike Chinese chopsticks, which are squared-off and blunt at the end, these Japanese utensils are rounded and tapered to a point at the end (and much more difficult to use). It has been suggested that this is in order to facilitate the removal of bones from fish, which makes up a great part of the Japanese diet. Eating with Chopsticks: Bad Manners • Mayoi-bashi: Mayoi means "dithering". It is bad manners to wave your chopsticks around aimlessly over the food, trying to decide what to take next. • Saguri-bashi: Looking for contents in a soup with chopsticks. • Sashi-bashi: Sashi means "inserting". It is bad manners to spear food with the points of the chopsticks as if they were a fork. • Yoko-bashi: Keeping chopsticks together and using them like spoon. • Komi-bashi: Raking foods into one's already full mouth with chopsticks. • Neburi-bashi: Licking the ends of chopsticks. Eating with Chopsticks: Step 1 Eating with Chopsticks: Step 2 Eating with Chopsticks: CHALLENGE! • Challenge: You are going to have a Chopstick battle with your partner. Using proper Chopstick etiquette, the first partner to put all of the food in their cup WINS!
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