Genetic Engineering by ewghwehws

VIEWS: 7 PAGES: 39

									The Nature of Life Program


                Robin Wright
               John Anderson
               David Biesboer
               Sehoya Cotner
                Scott Gilbert
                                     The Nature of Life Program 2
The
University
of
Minnesota       The University of Minnesota, founded in
                 the belief that all people are enriched by
founded in           understanding, is dedicated to the
1851*            advancement of learning and the search
                for truth; to the sharing of this knowledge
                      through education for a diverse
                community; and to the application of this
                  knowledge to benefit the people of the
                      state, the nation, and the world.



             * (7 years before Minnesota became the 32nd state)
                                The Nature of Life Program 3
“The U”
           Large, public, land-grant, research
             university
some          • 51,175 students (fall 2005)
relevant          – 28,957 undergraduate
facts &           – 14,107 graduate
figures           – 3445 professional
           Freshman admitting colleges:
              • Agriculture
              • Physical Sciences & Engineering
              • Business
              • Liberal Arts
              • Biological Sciences
                  – majors in biochemistry, biology,
                    genetics, ecology, plant biology,
                    microbiology, neuroscience
                               The Nature of Life Program 4
College of
Biological   140 faculty
Sciences       ~450 graduate students
               ~1700 undergrads
some
relevant           average CBS freshman
facts &              - top 7th percentile of high
figures                school class
                     - ACT = 27 (10% >30)
                     - more than half already
                       have college credits
                                The Nature of Life Program 5
Program
Goals     •   help students begin to explore biology
              from molecules to ecosystems
          •   introduce opportunities in CBS & the U
          •   build a community of learners
          •   increase retention & graduation rates
                                The Nature of Life Program 6
Program
Overview   1 credit class required for all students
             entering from high school
              •   Begins at the Lake Itasca Field
                  station (in summer)
                   – 3 learning modules
                   – evening sessions & discussions
                   – exam
                                               The Nature of Life Program 7
Geography
interlude:
                                          veritas              caput
Where the
heck is
Itasca?




             http://www.nps.gov/cuva/kidstuff/pac/watersheds/images/USmaps/US_new.jpg
                                 The Nature of Life Program 8
Nature of
Life:       1 credit class required for all students
              entering from high school
Overview       •   Continues back in the Twin Cities
                    – 3 reflective essays
                    – graduation plan
                    – 3 activities in Twin Cities
                    – On-line discussion of readings
                      from Discover magazine
                                The Nature of Life Program 9
Program
logistics   350 entering freshmen
               • 4 NOL sessions during summer
                   ~80 students per session
               • 1 make-up session second weekend
                 after classes begin
                   – ~40 students
            Finances:
               • $190 course fee (covers
                 transportation, room, board, supplies,
                 s’mores)
               • tuition (covers faculty honoraria)
               • grant (covers faculty housing & board)
                The Nature of Life Program 10
Overall
schedule of
activities at
the Lake
Itasca Field
Station
                               The Nature of Life Program 11
Emphasis
on small     Check-in & bus trip activities
group        Learning modules
activities
             Round table conversations
(12-14       Exam feedback
students)
                             The Nature of Life Program 12
Emphasis
on small     Check-in: assigned to groups with
group          names relevant to faculty in
activities     program
                • karmellae; phragmoplast; bangi-
(12-14
students)          bangi; zizania, etc.
             First activity: create poster about
               what word means
                               The Nature of Life Program 13
Emphasis
on small     Check-in & bus trip activities
group        Learning modules
activities
             Round table conversations
(12-14       Exam feedback
students)
                              The Nature of Life Program 14
Small
group         Goals
activities:     • Provide hands-on snapshots of
                  many biology disciplines
Learning
                • Exposure to field biology
Modules
                  opportunities at the Itasca
                  Station
                • Begin the transition to college
                  level study & expectations
                • Highlight opportunities in
                  research by relating classes to
                  faculty research
                                   The Nature of Life Program 15
Small
group         Field Biology          Laboratory Biology
activities:    •   Bog Biology        •   Biochemical
               •   Lake Ecology           analysis of plant
               •   Ornithology            pigments
Learning                              •   Molecular biology
               •   Invertebrate
Module             diversity          •   Computer
Topics         •   River Ecology          modeling
                                      •   Nerve function
                                      •   Redox chemistry
note: each    Issues in Biology
module is a   •    Implications of the human genome
4 hour             project
session!      •    Scientific thought & philosophy
              •    Genetic counseling
              •    Social implications of biology
                                             The Nature of Life Program 16
Learning
Module     60 minutes
                        Lecture: Thinking like a scientist; discussion of the scientific
                        method; introduction to wetlands
example:                Discussion of objectives: a comparison of a dry upland habitat
           10 minutes
                        and special wetland called Iron Springs Bog.
                        Visit to a gravel pit and artesian well to explain the glacial
Science    20 minutes
                        geology and water chemistry of the Itasca region

and Bog    20 minutes   Transects and data collection on a dry upland site
Biology
           10 minutes   Mini-field lecture about the natural history of the bog

           30 minutes   Transects and data collection in the bog
                        Group discussion: comparison of data from each student
           30 minutes
                        group and building of a small data base
           15 minutes   Summary of data; discussion of the big questions that possible
                        appear on the examination.
                                                The Nature of Life Program 17
Learning
Module       15 minutes
                          Discussion/demo: Pseudomonas syringae can nucleate ice
                          crystal formation
example:     20 minutes   Groups develop hypotheses, experiment, & controls to test it
                          Groups share their hypotheses & experimental design –
             15 minutes
                          discussion of controls, variables etc.
hypothesis                Groups complete their experiment, repeat as necessary;
building &   40 minutes
                          Revise hypotheses if necessary

testing      20 minutes   Groups report back their results, share ideas & hypotheses

             20 minutes   Break

             5 minutes    Group discussion: the nature of science

             45 minutes   Provide groups with research articles from variety of biology
                          disciplines (microbiologists, molecular biologists,
                          biochemists, cell biologists, geneticists, etc.) about
                          Pseudomonas related to their questions – have them prepare
                          presentation about the kinds of questions and research
                          appropriate for that discipline
             30 minutes   Group presentations
                                 The Nature of Life Program 18
Plenary
Activities       Station safety
with all         Itasca biogeography
students
                 Keys to success at the U of M
(~80 students)   Career building strategies
                 University traditions
                                The Nature of Life Program 19
Plenary
Activities       Campfires & s’mores
with all
students
(~80 students)
                                   The Nature of Life Program 20
Plenary
Activities       Authentic exam!
with all
students
(~80 students)
                                The Nature of Life Program 21
Plenary
Activities       “graduation”
with all
students
(~80 students)
              The Nature of Life Program 22
Of course,
there is a
little free
time
                                  The Nature of Life Program 23
Does the
program       Formal IRB-approved protocols to
achieve its      measure attitudes
                  • Pre-program questionnaire
goals?
                  • Post-program questionnaire
                     - part 1: repeat pre-program
                       questions
                     - part 2: learning module
                       assessment
              Informal
                  - Focus groups in spring
                  - Essays: reflection on NOL
                    experience; conversation with a
                    professor
              Outcomes
                  - graduation, retention, success
                                           The Nature of Life Program 24
Year One
                   Statement                               Mean    Mean
assessment                              5 – strongly agree before: after:
results                              1 – strongly disagree

(goal: introduce   “I have a good understanding of the     3.55    3.90
opportunities in   different majors in CBS”
CBS & the U)       “I feel confident in my chosen major    3.69    3.57
                   within CBS”




                   p<.0001 & ~.10
                                         The Nature of Life Program 25
Year One
assessment       Statement                               Mean    Mean
                                      5 – strongly agree before: after:
results                            1 – strongly disagree
(goal: build a   “I feel like I know some of the faculty 3.09    4.09
community of     in CBS”
learners)        “I am comfortable approaching CBS       3.77    4.18
                 faculty with questions”




                 p<.0001
                                         The Nature of Life Program 26
Year One
                  Statement                              Mean    Mean
assessment                            5 – strongly agree before: after:
results                            1 – strongly disagree

(goal: increase   “I am impressed by my student          3.64    4.21
                  peers in CBS”
retention &
graduation        “I am confident that I will make       4.23    4.45
                  friends among my student peers in
rates)            CBS”




                  p<.0001
                                  The Nature of Life Program 27
Student
comments
from
assessment



             “I thought it was an awesome experience. I
             didn’t realize how many friends you could make
             in three days—it rocked and gave me the
             confidence for school in the fall. The whole
             experience in general was definitely worth the
             time and is a great program—keep it up!”
                                    The Nature of Life Program 28
Student
comments
from        “I came to this camp
assessmen   rather grudgingly. I
t           don’t do camping.
            But now I wish it
            would have been a
            day or two longer.
            I’ve met the coolest
            people, learned a lot
            about the school and
            about my major—
            and had so much
            fun!”
                               The Nature of Life Program 29
Student
comments
from        “I was able to get a
assessmen   little taste of so
t           many different
            fields of science in
            just a couple of
            days. Each module
            had a specific
            question, which was
            always answered
            after the
            experiment or
            exploration.”
                             The Nature of Life Program 30
Does the
exam
work?
                      GPA Term One

           3.7
           3.6
           3.5
           3.4
           3.3
           3.2
           3.1
            3
                 -2     -1            0          1
            The Nature of Life Program 31
…but what
about
outcomes?
The Nature of Life Program 32
                                                                     The Nature of Life Program 33
…but what
about
outcomes?

                     2001 NHS, 271 total            2002 NHS, 351 total             2003 NHS, 330 total


                          at other
                              U                           at other                in      at other
 Enrollment:     in CBS   college    not at U   in CBS   U college    not at U   CBS     U college   not at U

  1 year after
   admission      82.7%      4.1%     12.5%      84.3%       5.7%      9.4%      83.3%       8.2%     8.2%

 2 years after
   admission      66.1%     12.9%      19.6%     66.1%      16.0%       16.0%

 3 years after
   admission      57.6%     14.0%      21.8%
                                                  The Nature of Life Program 34
                  Retention Data on Fall 99 - Fall 04 Cohorts
                                                                           Nol Cohort 2
100
                                                            Nol Cohort 1

 95

 90

 85

 80

 75

 70

 65

 60
      Fall 2000     Fall 2001   Fall 2002    Fall 2003   Fall 2004         Fall 2005

                  F99 cohort    F00 cohort     F01 cohort        F02 cohort
                  F03 cohort    F04 cohort
                                                     The Nature of Life Program 35

                                   GPA PROGRESSION

      3.35

       3.3

      3.25

       3.2
GPA




      3.15

       3.1

      3.05

        3

      2.95
             TERM 1   TERM 2 TERM 3    TERM 4 TERM 5    TERM 6 TERM 7    TERM 8
                                            TERM


                      F01 ADMITS    F02 ADMITS     F03 ADMITS   F04 ADMITS
                                            The Nature of Life Program 36
…but what
about                               Pre-NOL                    Post-NOL
outcomes?                 NHS
                          1999
                                   NHS
                                   2000
                                            NHS
                                            2001
                                                     NHS
                                                     2002
                                                              NHS
                                                              2003
                                                                       NHS
                                                                       2004
            Number of
            students        219      239      269      351      329      358
            Fall term
            GPA             3.16     3.18      3.2     3.17     3.28     3.12
            Fall term
            D, F, W, I       66       61       83      111       54      121
            Total # of
            courses
            taken          1056     1123      1300    1622     1807     1936
            Courses
            per student      4.8      4.7      4.8      4.6      5.5      5.4

            Failing
            grades per
            course
            taken           0.06     0.05     0.06     0.07     0.03     0.06
            Failing
            grades per
            student         0.30     0.26     0.31     0.32     0.16     0.34
                                                            Pre-NOL        Post-NOL
                                                           The Nature of Life Program 37
 …but what                    NHS 1999   NHS 2000   NHS 2001   NHS 2002   NHS 2003   NHS 2004

 about
Number of students taking
math                               201        199        241        301        276        308
 outcomes?
Number of failing grades in
math                                25         20         45         46         25         66
Math failures as % of total
failing grades                  37.9%       32.8%      54.2%      41.4%      46.3%      54.5%


Average math grade                2.61       2.56       2.38       1.61       2.72       2.17

Average biology grade             3.34       3.14       3.03       2.86       3.23       3.07

Average chemistry grade           2.85       2.94       3.01       2.89        3.0       3.04


# students taking Math 1271          3         10         21         45         46        182
Math 1271 D, F, W, I                 0          1          4          5          3         35
Percent failing                   0.0%      10.0%      19.0%      11.1%       6.5%      19.2%


# students taking Math 1281        113        122        110         85        111         73
Math 1281 D, F, W, I                 6          9         20         14         11         26
Percent failing                   5.3%       7.4%      18.2%      16.5%       9.9%      35.6%
                                  The Nature of Life Program 38
Faculty
interest &
involvemen         Number of Faculty Involved in Program

t has        25
grown!
             20
             15
             10
              5
              0
                  2003               2004                  2005
The Nature of Life Program 39

								
To top