ENGLISH 11 STUDY GUIDE: Road to Revolution Road to Revolution 1.What is Jefferson's main form of persuasion in The Declaration of Independence? 2.Find two phrases from The Declaration of Independence that are charged, or filled with emotion. 3.Why is Jefferson's list of self-evident truths effective in The Declaration of Independence? 4.What overall announcement does The Declaration of Independence make? 5.In The Crisis, Number 1, what concern does Paine express about “the sunshine patriot” who might “shrink from the service of his country”? 6.In The Crisis, Number 1, what does Paine try to convince his listeners to fight for? 7.Where does Paine use charged words in these examples from The Crisis, Number 1? a. He says he has “little superstition.” b. He says it does not matter “what rank of life you hold.” c. He says “Tyranny” is like “Hell.” d. He says men know the difference between “temper” and “principle.” 8.In The Crisis, Number 1, when Paine compares the colonies' relationship with Britain to the chains of slavery, what emotion does he hope to persuade his readers to feel? 9.Why does Paine write in The Crisis, Number 1, that a generous parent would say: “If there must be trouble let it be in my day, that my child may have peace”? 10.Which phrase from The Crisis, Number 1 includes charged words? a. The heart that feels b. will curse his cowardice c. shrinks back at a time d. and made them happy 11.What is the main idea of Paine's essay The Crisis, Number 1? 12.What general observation does Paine express in the statement, “What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly”? 13.When Paine compares America's relationship with England to the bondage of slavery, to what emotion is he appealing? 14. Paine's primary purpose in saying that “a common murderer, a highwayman, or a housebreaker, has as good a pretense” as the king is to 15. Identify one reason Paine gives for supporting the fight for liberty. ENGLISH 11 STUDY GUIDE: Road to Revolution 16.With what does Paine compare America's war against the British? a. murder b. all the treasures of the world c. a man defending his property d. a thief breaking into his house 17.Paine uses “summer soldier” and “sunshine patriot” to refer to a. those who support the Revolution only when it is convenient. b. revolutionary soldiers who keep their spirits up. c. agricultural workers who have joined the revolutionary army. d. Tories. 18.Which of the following passages from The Crisis, Number 1, introduces an anecdote meant to persuade the audience? a. “I have as little superstition in me as any man living.” b. “[A] noted one, who kept a tavern at Amboy, was standing at his door, with as pretty a child in his hand.” c. “The far and the near, the home counties and the back, the rich and the poor, will suffer or rejoice alike.” d. “‘Tis the business of little minds to shrink.” 19.From Jefferson's statement that governments are instituted to secure basic human rights, the argument logically follows that a. Any form of government that suppresses people's freedoms should be overthrown. b. monarchy is a bad form of government because rulers are not elected. c. the rights of men should be supported over those of women. d. all forms of government destroy human rights and thus should be abandoned. 20.From the Declaration of Independence, what can be inferred about Jefferson's general attitude toward revolution? 21.Jefferson uses the charged word tyrant to characterize the king of Britain. To what emotion does this word appeal? 22.Which of the following statements most appeals to the emotions of horror and disgust? a. “He is at this time transporting large armies … to complete the works of death, desolation, and tyranny, already begun.” b. “He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out of his protection and waging war against us.” c. “He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly ….” d. “He has called together legislative bodies … for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.” ENGLISH 11 STUDY GUIDE: Road to Revolution Essay 23. In his opening lines of The Crisis, Paine says, “the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph.” What do you think he means by these words? Do you agree with them? Write a brief essay giving your ideas about whether this phrase makes good sense to you as a way for Paine to get colonists to fight against England. 24. Suppose you are a colonist who does not want or believe in independence from Great Britain, and you have just read The Declaration of Independence. Write a brief essay that gives your reasons for staying connected to the power of Britain.
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