unit5studyguide by 8CuFyj


									AP U.S. HISTORY
Unit Five: Antebellum US
Unit Study Guide

Required Reading: Divine Chapters 9 (256-262); 11, 12, 13 (374-384)
Supplemental Reading: A History of Women in America: “On the Loom: The First Factory Women” and “Black Bondage/White

 Your timeline should focus on the time period covered in the unit and include separate lines for economic, political, social/cultural,
and international (meaning U.S. interactions with other nations) events. For each event, you should include a brief description and
explanations of its significance.
                      1790                                                                                                   1860




Discussion Questions/Statements: You do not have to answer and submit these. These questions align with AP themes and are
provided to encourage you to reflect and make connections. They can be an excellent review tool, as working with these bigger ideas
will assist in your learning the details.

    1.     American Diversity:
               a. What impact did immigration have on industrialization and the social fabric of urban America?
               b. Race is the central fact of American slavery. Social and legal constructs were necessary to separate and define racial
                   groups maintaining slavery in America
    2.     Economic Transformations:
               a. What led to the development of the continental market economy and what impact did it have on the three sections of
                   the country?
               b. How did the economies of the North and the South begin to differentiate in this time period?
    3.     Religion & Reform: How does the Second Great Awakening and the reform movement it spurred fit in with the Age of the
           Common Man?
    4.     Culture: How did African Americans cope with the burdens of slavery?
    5.     Slavery: Explain how slavery was both an economic institution and a social system that shaped whites and blacks alike.

Focus Questions: Answer these questions and keep answers in UNIT STUDY GUIDE TAB in your UNIT BINDER

Chapter 9 and 13
         1. Describe the growth of America’s population in the early 19th century
         2. Describe the largely German and Irish wave of immigration beginning in the 1830s and the reactions it
            provoked among native Americans (whites).
         3. Describe the early development of the factory system.
         4. Outline early industrialism’s effects on workers, including women and children.
         5. Describe the impact of new technologies, including transportation and communication systems on American
            business and agriculture.
         6. Explain why the emerging industrial economy could raise the general level of prosperity, while simultaneously
            creating greater disparities of wealth between rich and poor.

Chapter 11

    1. Describe the economic strengths and weaknesses of the Cotton Kingdom and its central role in the prosperity of
       Britain as well as the United States.
    2. Outline the hierarchical social structure of the South, from the planter aristocracy to African American slaves.
    3. Describe the nonslaveholding white majority of the South, and explain why most poorer whites supported slavery
       even though they owned no slaves.
    4. Describe the workings of the peculiar institution of slavery, including the role of the domestic slave trade after the
       outlawing of international slave trading.
    5. Describe African American life under slavery, including the role of the family and religion.

Chapter 12

    1. Describe the widespread revival of religion in the early nineteenth century and its effects on American culture and
       social reform.
    2. Describe the cause of the most important American reform movements of the period, identifying which were most
       successful and why.
    3. Explain the origins of American feminism, describe its essential principles and summarize its early successes and
    4. Describe the utopian and communitarian experiments of the period, and indicate how they reflected the essential
       spirit of early American culture despite their small size.
    5. Describe the rise of abolitionism in both the United States and Britain, and explain why it was initially so
       unpopular in the North.
    6. Describe the fierce southern resistance to abolitionism, and explain why southerners increasingly portrayed
       slavery as a positive good.

Key Terms: These must be in your UNIT BINDER which is checked the day before the unit exam. Who, what, when and why each was significant.
Remember to use website I provided or you may use another source you find more helpful.

Gabriel Prosser's Rebellion         interchangeable parts                     Lowell/Walthan System/Lowell girls
American Colonization Society       Samuel Slater                             Seneca Falls Convention
Dorothea Dix                        John Deere                                William Lloyd Garrison/Liberator
Cyrus McCormick                     abolitionists                             Know Nothing/American Party
American Anti-slavery Society       Irish immigration                         Charles River Bridge case
Horace Mann                         Commonwealth v Hunt                       cult of domesticity/true womanhood
Transcendentalism                   Lucretia Mott                             Apologist's view of slavery
Neal Dow                            Underground Railroad                      Frederick Douglass
David Walker                        Henry Highland Garnett                    Nativists
Mass production                     market revolution                         industrial revolution
Shakers                             Oneida community                          Charles Fourier
Utopianism                          Brook Farm                                Denmark Vesey
Nat Turner

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