AP U.S. HISTORY
Unit Five: Antebellum US
Unit Study Guide
Required Reading: Divine Chapters 9 (256-262); 11, 12, 13 (374-384)
Supplemental Reading: A History of Women in America: “On the Loom: The First Factory Women” and “Black Bondage/White
Your timeline should focus on the time period covered in the unit and include separate lines for economic, political, social/cultural,
and international (meaning U.S. interactions with other nations) events. For each event, you should include a brief description and
explanations of its significance.
Discussion Questions/Statements: You do not have to answer and submit these. These questions align with AP themes and are
provided to encourage you to reflect and make connections. They can be an excellent review tool, as working with these bigger ideas
will assist in your learning the details.
1. American Diversity:
a. What impact did immigration have on industrialization and the social fabric of urban America?
b. Race is the central fact of American slavery. Social and legal constructs were necessary to separate and define racial
groups maintaining slavery in America
2. Economic Transformations:
a. What led to the development of the continental market economy and what impact did it have on the three sections of
b. How did the economies of the North and the South begin to differentiate in this time period?
3. Religion & Reform: How does the Second Great Awakening and the reform movement it spurred fit in with the Age of the
4. Culture: How did African Americans cope with the burdens of slavery?
5. Slavery: Explain how slavery was both an economic institution and a social system that shaped whites and blacks alike.
Focus Questions: Answer these questions and keep answers in UNIT STUDY GUIDE TAB in your UNIT BINDER
Chapter 9 and 13
1. Describe the growth of America’s population in the early 19th century
2. Describe the largely German and Irish wave of immigration beginning in the 1830s and the reactions it
provoked among native Americans (whites).
3. Describe the early development of the factory system.
4. Outline early industrialism’s effects on workers, including women and children.
5. Describe the impact of new technologies, including transportation and communication systems on American
business and agriculture.
6. Explain why the emerging industrial economy could raise the general level of prosperity, while simultaneously
creating greater disparities of wealth between rich and poor.
1. Describe the economic strengths and weaknesses of the Cotton Kingdom and its central role in the prosperity of
Britain as well as the United States.
2. Outline the hierarchical social structure of the South, from the planter aristocracy to African American slaves.
3. Describe the nonslaveholding white majority of the South, and explain why most poorer whites supported slavery
even though they owned no slaves.
4. Describe the workings of the peculiar institution of slavery, including the role of the domestic slave trade after the
outlawing of international slave trading.
5. Describe African American life under slavery, including the role of the family and religion.
1. Describe the widespread revival of religion in the early nineteenth century and its effects on American culture and
2. Describe the cause of the most important American reform movements of the period, identifying which were most
successful and why.
3. Explain the origins of American feminism, describe its essential principles and summarize its early successes and
4. Describe the utopian and communitarian experiments of the period, and indicate how they reflected the essential
spirit of early American culture despite their small size.
5. Describe the rise of abolitionism in both the United States and Britain, and explain why it was initially so
unpopular in the North.
6. Describe the fierce southern resistance to abolitionism, and explain why southerners increasingly portrayed
slavery as a positive good.
Key Terms: These must be in your UNIT BINDER which is checked the day before the unit exam. Who, what, when and why each was significant.
Remember to use website I provided or you may use another source you find more helpful.
Gabriel Prosser's Rebellion interchangeable parts Lowell/Walthan System/Lowell girls
American Colonization Society Samuel Slater Seneca Falls Convention
Dorothea Dix John Deere William Lloyd Garrison/Liberator
Cyrus McCormick abolitionists Know Nothing/American Party
American Anti-slavery Society Irish immigration Charles River Bridge case
Horace Mann Commonwealth v Hunt cult of domesticity/true womanhood
Transcendentalism Lucretia Mott Apologist's view of slavery
Neal Dow Underground Railroad Frederick Douglass
David Walker Henry Highland Garnett Nativists
Mass production market revolution industrial revolution
Shakers Oneida community Charles Fourier
Utopianism Brook Farm Denmark Vesey