Atomic History Student Webquest Instructions by NxtkM8

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									Atoms are everywhere but cannot be seen without the help of powerful tools such as
scanning tunneling microscopes. Since atoms are so small, how were they discovered?
This Web Quest teaches the history of the atom and how the concept of the atom has
evolved. Explore what scientists thought about the atom, how they learned about the
atom, and how the concept of the atom has changed over time.

OBJECTIVE: To explore the historical development of the atom in order to present the
experimental evidence for the existence and structure of the atom.

GROUPS AND ROLES: Work in groups to research and present a portion of atomic history.
Each student will have a particular role with specific responsibilities within the group.

  ROLES:
    Representative – This person is responsible for keeping the group focused and working
      on the project. In the event that help is needed, this person will be in charge of talking
      to the teacher.
    Information Specialist – This person is responsible for keeping accurate records of the
      group’s daily activities and which web sites were used for research. This person will
      also submit a worksheet with review questions for the class to answer during the
      presentation.
    Product designer – This person is responsible for designing the final product
      (PowerPoint, web page, poster, etc.). The final product must include input from all
      group members.
    Media Specialist – This person is responsible for creating all visuals. This may include
      photographs, diagrams, graphics, and skits that help to illustrate the presentation.

  GROUPS:
    Democritus & Aristotle                                 Milliken
    Proust                                                 Rutherford
    Lavoisier                                              Bohr
    Dalton                                                 Electron-Cloud Model
    Thomson

PRODUCT: Each group is responsible for an 5-6minute presentation. The presentation
must be electronic (Inspiration, PowerPoint, etc). All questions should be answered, and
graphics should be included in the presentation. The group also is to create five
assessment questions that could be used as quiz questions on the assigned atomic model.
(These cannot be the guide questions provided.) The questions will be answered by
classmates after your presentation Use the grading rubric to double-check that the
group’s project has meet all the requirements.

     GRADING RUBRIC: There will be two grades for this project; one for the visual
                 presentation and one for the verbal presentation.
                            DEMOCRITUS & ARISTOTLE

This is the beginning of Atomic History. In your group research and presentation be sure
to answer the following questions:

      In what period of time did they live?
      What is their country of origin?
      What were their views/models of the atom?
      Were their beliefs accepted by society at that time?


INTERNET RESOURCES

Websites directly related to Democritus & Aristotle

   http://library.thinkquest.org/19662/low/eng/ancient.html#Demokryt

   http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Mathematicians/Democritus.html

   http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/PictDisplay/Democritus.html

   http://dbhs.wvusd.k12.ca.us/webdocs/AtomicStructure/Greeks.html

   http://www.utm.edu/research/iep/d/democrit.htm

   http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Atoms.htm

   http://atomic-molecular-optical-
   physics.suite101.com/article.cfm/ancient_theories_of_atoms

   http://www.furryelephant.co.uk/content/radioactivity/democritus-lavoisier-dalton/


General Websites related to Atomic History
                               JOSEPH LOUIS PROUST

His work seems obvious to modern chemists but was controversial during his time. In
your group research and presentation be sure to answer the following questions:

      In what period of time did he live?
      What is his country of origin?
      What was his profession?
      What law is credited to him?
      Were his beliefs accepted by society at that time?
      Name two of his other accomplishments (other than the chemistry law researched).


INTERNET RESOURCES

Websites directly related to Proust

       http://www.ucdsb.on.ca/tiss/stretton/chem1/history_Proust.html

       http://www.fact-index.com/j/jo/joseph_proust.html

       http://55.1911encyclopedia.org/P/PR/PROUST_JOSEPH_LOUIS.htm

       http://www.edu365.com/aulanet/comsoc/Lab_quimica/quimics/JLProust.htm

       http://members.optushome.com.au/scottsofta/P03DaltEvid.htm

       http://nautilus.fis.uc.pt/st2.5/scenes-e/biog/b0059.html

       http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/history/proust.html

       http://antoine.frostburg.edu/chem/senese/101/matter/faq/who-defined-
       compounds.shtml

General Websites related to Atomic History
                                ANTOINE LAVOISIER
Although he received a degree in law, Lavoisier’s passion for science benefited the field
of chemistry as well as others. Through research and during the presentation, the group
should answer the following questions: In your group research and presentation be sure to
answer the following questions:

      In what period of time did he live?
      What is his country of origin?
      What was his profession?
      What law is credited to him?
      Were his beliefs accepted by society at that time?
      Name three of his other accomplishments (other than the chemistry law you
       researched).


INTERNET RESOURCES

Websites directly related to Lavoisier

       http://library.thinkquest.org/19662/low/eng/18th.html

       http://www.woodrow.org/teachers/chemistry/institutes/1992/Lavoisier.html

       http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/biography/Lavoisier.html

       http://mattson.creighton.edu/History_Gas_Chemistry/Lavoisier.html

       http://www.terra.es/personal2/efr1966/ilavoi.htm

       http://www.strangescience.net/lavoisier.htm

       http://cti.itc.virginia.edu/~meg3c/classes/tcc313/200Rprojs/lavoisier2/home.html

       http://www.boltonsociety.com/classroom/chemach/forerunners/lavoisier.html

General Websites related to Atomic History
                                      JOHN DALTON
Dalton’s pioneering work is the basis of modern atomic theory. In your group research
and presentation be sure to answer the following questions:

      In what period of time did he live?
      What is his country of origin?
      What was his profession?
       Explain his atomic theory.
       Describe his model of the atom.
      Were his beliefs accepted by society at that time?

INTERNET RESOURCES

Websites directly related to Dalton

   http://www.chemheritage.org/classroom/chemach/periodic/dalton.html

   http://www.uh.edu/engines/epi1411.htm

   http://library.thinkquest.org/19662/low/eng/18th.html

   http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/biography/Dalton.html

   http://antoine.frostburg.edu/chem/senese/101/atoms/dalton.shtml

   http://www.bookrags.com/biography/john-dalton/

   http://www.brooklyn.cuny.edu/bc/ahp/FonF/Dalton.html

   http://www.woodrow.org/teachers/ci/1992/Dalton.html

General Websites related to Atomic History
                                   J. J. THOMSON
Thomson's discovery caused a sensation in scientific circles. He eventually was awarded
a Nobel Prize. In your group research and presentation be sure to answer the following
questions:

      In what period of time did he live?
      What is his country of origin?
      When did he conduct his experiment?
      What was he studying?
      Summarize his experiment (what he did and what he discovered).
      Describe his model of the atom.
      Were his beliefs accepted by society at that time?

INTERNET RESOURCES

Websites directly related to Thomson

       http://www.aip.org/history/electron/

       http://webserver.lemoyne.edu/faculty/giunta/thomson1897.html

       http://library.thinkquest.org/19662/low/eng/20th.html

       http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/Sciences/Physics/QuantumPhysics/ParticleP
       hysics/ParticlePhysics.htm

       http://www.aip.org/history/electron/jjhome.htm

       http://library.thinkquest.org/15567/bio/thomson.html

       http://dbhs.wvusd.k12.ca.us/webdocs/AtomicStructure/Thomson-Model-
       Intro.html

       http://dbhs.wvusd.k12.ca.us/webdocs/AtomicStructure/Disc-of-Electron-
       Images.html

General Websites related to Atomic History
                               ROBERT A. MILLIKAN

The beauty of the Millikan’s experiment is that, as well as allowing quite accurate
information, it also provided a "hands on" demonstration. In your group research and
presentation be sure to answer the following questions:

      In what period of time did he live?
      What is his country of origin?
      When did he conduct his experiment?
      Summarize his experiment (what he did and what he discovered).
      Did the results of this experiment complement or contradict the commonly
       accepted view of the electron?
      Were his beliefs accepted by society at that time?


INTERNET RESOURCES

Websites directly related to Millikan

       http://www.aip.org/history/gap/Millikan/Millikan.html

       http://www.juliantrubin.com/bigten/millikanoildrop.html

       http://library.thinkquest.org/19662/low/eng/exp-millikan.html

       http://chem.ch.huji.ac.il/history/millikan.html

       http://www.corrosion-doctors.org/Biographies/MillikanBio.htm

       http://library.thinkquest.org/19662/low/eng/biog-millikan.html

       http://ffden-2.phys.uaf.edu/212_fall2003.web.dir/Ryan_McAllister/Slide3.htm

       http://physics-animations.com/Physics/English/mill_txt.htm

General Websites related to Atomic History
                                 ERNEST RUTHERFORD

Rutherford’s results were completely unpredicted and even surprised him. "It was almost
as incredible as if you fired a fifteen-inch shell at a piece of tissue paper and it came back
and hit you." In your research and presentation be sure to answer the following
questions:

In your group research and presentation be sure to answer the following questions:

      In what period of time did he live?
      What is his country of origin?
      When did he conduct his experiment?
      What was he trying to prove with his experiment?
      Summarize his experiment (what he did and what he discovered).
      Why was he surprised by his experimental results?
      How did his results fit with Thomson’s view of the atom?
      Describe his model of the atom.
      Were his beliefs accepted by society at that time?

INTERNET RESOURCES

Websites directly related to Rutherford

       http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/electromag/java/rutherford/

       http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/Sciences/Physics/QuantumPhysics/ParticleP
       hysics/ParticlePhysics.htm

       http://www2.slac.stanford.edu/vvc/nobel/rutherford.html

       http://www.rutherford.org.nz/

       http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/bpruth.html

       http://www.chemheritage.org/classroom/chemach/atomic/rutherford.html

       http://www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia/R/Rutherfords_experiment_and_atomi
       c_model.html

       http://www.windows.ucar.edu/cgi-
       bin/tour_def/people/modern_era/rutherford.html

General Websites related to Atomic History
                                     NEILS BOHR
This famous physicist rubbed elbows with great men such as Einstein and Feynman
during his work in Los Alamos on the Manhattan Project. In your research and
presentation be sure to answer the following questions:

      In what period of time did he live?
      What is his country of origin?
      When did he conduct his experiment?
      Summarize his experiment (what he did and what he discovered).
      Describe his model of the atom.
      Since electrons and protons are oppositely charged, the electrons should be
       attracted to the nucleus. How did Bohr explain that this does not occur?
      Were his beliefs accepted by society at that time?

INTERNET RESOURCES

Websites directly related to Bohr

       http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/bpbohr.html

       http://www.crystalinks.com/bohr.html

       http://www.colorado.edu/physics/2000/quantumzone/bohr.html

       http://www.iun.edu/~cpanhd/C101webnotes/modern-atomic-theory/Bohr-
       model.html

       http://library.thinkquest.org/19662/low/eng/20th.html

       http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/Sciences/Physics/QuantumPhysics/ParticleP
       hysics/ParticlePhysics.htm

       http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr162/lect/light/bohr.html

       http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/refpages/refarticle.aspx?refid=761576813

General Websites related to Atomic History
                            ELECTRON-CLOUD MODEL
This modern atomic model originally was coined “electron-cloud” by Richard Feynman
in his description of “exactly what is an electron?” In your research and presentation be
sure to answer the following questions:

      In what period of time was this proposed?
      Who is credited with discovering this model?
      What is Louis de Broglie’s contribution to the electron cloud model?
      What is Erwin Schrodinger’s role?
      Describe this model of the atom.

INTERNET RESOURCES

Websites directly related to the Electron-Cloud model.

       http://www.regentsprep.org/Regents/physics/phys05/catomodel/cloud.htm

       http://www.howstuffworks.com/atom8.htm

       http://www.colorado.edu/physics/2000/quantumzone/schroedinger.html

       http://www.colorado.edu/physics/2000/quantumzone/debroglie.html

       http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/sciences/chemistry/generalchemistry/Atomic
       /Electronicstructure/Atomicstructure/Schrodinger/Schrodinger.htm

       http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/history/schrodinger.html

       http://www.vigyanprasar.gov.in/scientists/LdBroglie.htm

       http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=/cool_stuff/electron_cloud.html

General Websites related to Atomic History
                                 GENERAL WEBSITES
http://improbable.org/era/physics/atom.html

http://dbhs.wvusd.k12.ca.us/webdocs/AtomicStructure/AtomicStructure.html

http://www.csmate.colostate.edu/cltw/cohortpages/viney/atomhistory.html

http://www.visionlearning.com/library/module_viewer.php?mid=50

http://www.visionlearning.com/library/module_viewer.php?mid=51

http://www.commonsensescience.org/atom_models.html

http://www.shs.d211.org/science/faculty/hlg/history%20of%20atom%20sanjay%20karan
/chempage1.htm

http://www.atomicmuseum.com/tour/atomicage.cfm

http://dbhs.wvusd.k12.ca.us/webdocs/Gallery/GalleryMenu.html

http://perso.club-internet.fr/molaire1/e_histoire.html

http://www.nobel.se/index.html

http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/biography/letters/

http://www.historychannel.com/index.html

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/bioindex.html

								
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