Strategies for Governmental EMS Workshop - EMS Basics by 01dGd1AR

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									Strategies for Governmental EMS
(Environmental Management
System) Workshop – EMS Basics

           January 31, 2001


           Beth Graves
           EMS Project Coor.
           NC Division of Pollution
           Prevention and Environmental
           Assistance
          What is an EMS?
   Systematic way of managing an
    organization’s environmental affairs
   Based on Plan-Do-Check-Act Model
    (PDCA)
   Focused on Continual Improvement of
    System
   Addresses immediate and long-term impact
    of an organization’s products, services and
    processes on the environment.
   A tool to improve environmental
    performance
EMS Model – Plan, Do, Check,
      Act (PDCA)
                    Policy



  Management                    Plannin
  Review                        g




                             Implementation
      Checking
      Corrective Action
       Why Implement an EMS?
   Helps to identify the causes of
    environmental problems.
    – better to make a product right the
      first time
    – cheaper to prevent a spill
    – cost effective to prevent pollution
   Trade and competitive issues
    – marketing tool
     Why Implement an EMS?
   Struggling to stay in compliance and
    keep track of regulations/laws
   Environmental management just one of
    many responsibilities
   Employee turnover
   Establish a framework to move beyond
    compliance
   Vehicle for positive change; improved
    employee morale, enhanced public
    image
   Much of an EMS may already be in place
        EMS Models
 National Biosolids Partnership
 EPA’s Sustainable Industries EMS
  Templates
 Trade Association EMS Templates
  (ex. SGIA)
 Compliance-Focused EMS (CFEMS) –
  revised Jan. 2000 – 12 elements
 ISO 14001:1996
            ISO 14001 Model –
            Required Elements
Env. Policy 4.2                      Document control 4.4.5
Env. Aspects 4.3.1                   Operational control 4.4.6
Legal and other req. 4.3.2           Emergency preparedness and
                                     response 4.4.7
Obj. and targets 4.3.3               Monitoring and measurement
                                     4.5.1
Env. Mgmt. Program 4.3.4             Corrective/preventive action
                                     4.5.2
Structure and Responsibility 4.4.1   Records 4.5.3

Training, awareness, and             EMS audit 4.5.4
competence 4.4.2
Communication 4.4.3                  Management Review 4.6
EMS documentation 4.4.4
Key EMS Elements/Framework
    Policy Statement
    Identification of Significant
     Environmental Impacts
    Development of Objectives and Targets
    Implementation Plan to Meet Obj. and
     Targets
    Training
    Management
     Review

 How you meet elements is up to you.
           Aspects and Impacts
   An organization evaluates and addresses its own
    significant aspects, including non-regulated
    aspects
   May be positive or negative
   Examples:
       Aspect – Cardboard recycling
       Impact -- Conservation of natural resources

       Aspect – Engine operations
       Impact – Degradation of air quality
         Aspects and Impacts
   Consider:
       Air emissions
       Solid/hazardous waste
       Contamination of land
       Noise, vibration and odor
       Water effluents
       Land use, energy use, water use
       Raw material and resource use
       Positive environmental issues
                    Marine Corps ISO 14001 Pilot Project
                                               Environmental Aspects

                                                                                                                         Nuisance Impacts




                                                     Fuel Consumption - Use of a Nonrenewable Resource
                                                     Training within a Natural Environment (Plant, Wildlife, Wetlands)
                                                     Training within species habitat                                     Resource Impacts



                                                     Particulate Matter from Operating Vehicles Off-road
                                                     Air Emissions from equipment and vehicles
                                                     Outdoor burning - PM                                                Air Impacts

                               Encampment
 Input (raw material                                 Disposal of Spill Residue
 and labor)                                          Disposal of Solid Waste
                                                     Disposal of Hazardous Waste                                         Waste Impacts



                                                     Soil disturbance leading to Erosion and Sedimentation
                                                     Accidental Spillage - Vehicle /Helicopter/Equipment fluids
                                                     Gray water                                                          Soil Impacts

 Conservation
                                                     Accidental Spillage - Vehicle/Helicopter/Equipment fluids
                                                     Gray water
                                                                                                                         Groundwater Impacts


                                                     Soil disturbance leading to Erosion and Sedimentation
                                                     Accidental Spillage - Vehicle/Helicopter/Equipment fluids
                                                                                                                         Surface Water Impacts
                                                     Gray water


Lead Responsibility - Fish and Wildlife Division,
Compliance Division, and Planning Division
Significance Scoring --Prioritize
   From Environmental Concerns such as:
       regulatory/legal exposure
       health risk/people
       resource conservation
   To Business Concerns such as:
       effect on the public image/community
       cost savings
       cost recovery period
       equipment/facility
    Significance Scoring (cont.)
   Also may consider issues such as:
       scale of impact
       duration of impact
       zone of impact
       probability of occurrence or likelihood -
        frequent, likely, possible, rarely, unlikely
       severity of impact - catastrophic, severe,
        moderate, minor
          Legal Environmental
             Requirements
   Setting legal framework for the EMS
       identify and access legal requirements
        (federal, state, local)
       keep up-to-date
       communicate to the
        right people
         Objectives &Targets
          - Continual Improvement
   Establish and maintain environmental
    objectives and targets.

   Can include commitment to:
    – reduce waste
    – reduce or eliminate release/spill of a
      pollutant
    – design product/operations to minimize
      environmental impact in production,
      use, and disposal.
          Objectives &Targets
   Keep objectives simple, flexible, and
    measurable.
   Be realistic.
   Considerations:
    –   legal and other requirements
    –   significant env. aspects
    –   technological options
    –   financial requirements
    –   operational requirements
    –   business requirements
    –   views of interested parties
              EMS Example
 Policy : Improve the environmental
  quality of the workplace
 Objective: Improve indoor air quality by
  reducing solvent odors
 Target : Reduce solvent odors (VOC
  levels) by 90% by mid 2001.
 Set Environmental Mgmt. Program
          Env. Mgmt. Program
   Plan: Switch to water cleaning process
   Action- Substitute water-based cleaning
    process for vapor degreasing process
   Responsibilities - Process Engineering
   Schedule -
    Bench top trials -         2 months (date)
    Full scale pilot     -     3 months (date)
    Implementation period - 1 month (date)
   Resources needed -         1 FTE for 4 mon.
                         Est. Budget $12,000
             Implementation
   Structure/responsibility
   Training, awareness, & competence
   Communication (internal/external)
   Env. Mgmt System Documentation and
    control where needed
   Operational control (ex. maintenance)
   Emergency preparedness
    and response
     Monitoring and Measuring –
        How are you doing?
   Establish procedures to monitor and
    measure key operations that can have
    a significant impact on the
    environment.
   Track how well the system
    is working
   Analyze root causes of problems
     EMS Internal Auditing

   Are you meeting your EMS
      requirements?

   How will you run an EMS
      audit program?
        Management Review
   Collect information to evaluate EMS
   Review EMS to ensure its continuing
    effectiveness
   Consider changes – continual improvement
    Becoming ISO 14001 certified
   ISO 14001 is the only certification
    standard
   Registration body examines EMS for
    conformity to the ISO 14001 standard
   Not a compliance audit, an EMS audit
   Facility awarded registration
   Does NOT mean that products are more
    environmentally friendly
   Does mean have a documented EMS that
    is fully implemented and consistently
    followed
        For More Information
   DPPEA offers free on-site EMS
    assistance and training
   DPPEA EMS web site
    http://www.p2pays.org/iso/index.htm
   Beth Graves, EMS Project Coor., 800-763-0136 or
    919-715-6506, Beth.Graves@ncmail.net
   EMS Development Course, Julie Woosley, 919-715-
    6527, Julie.Woosley@ncmail.net

								
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