Paul – Logical, Persuasive
2006 THEOCRATIC MINISTRY SCHOOL INFORMATION
While public reading and the arts of speaking
and teaching are given much attention in the
Bible reading: 2 Chronicles 29-32
school, the benefits of Theocratic Ministry School
Speech Quality: Benefit Fully From the Theocratic
education are not limited to that. As you
Ministry School (be p. 5 ¶ 1-p. 8 ¶ 1)
participate, you will be helped to cultivate such
No. 1 Take Delight in God’s Word (be p. 9 ¶ 1-5)
valuable skills as personal reading, listening and
No. 2 2 Chronicles 30:1-12
remembering, studying, doing research, analyzing
No. 3 Why Genuine Christians Refrain From
and organizing, conversing, answering questions,
and putting thoughts down in writing. The Bible
No. 4 Sin's Effect On Our Relationship With God
itself and Bible-based publications will provide the
(rs p. 374 ¶ 2-p. 375 ¶ 2)
basis for study and for comments and
presentations given in the school. As you fill your
Speech Quality mind with the precious truths found in God’s Word,
Benefit Fully From the Theocratic Ministry you will learn to think God’s thoughts. How
School beneficial that can be in every aspect of life! Of the
value of God’s Word, 20th-century university
AROUND the earth, in upwards of 200 lands, educator William Lyon Phelps wrote: “Everyone
millions of students are benefiting each week from who has a thorough knowledge of the Bible may
Theocratic Ministry School education. Some are truly be called educated. . . . I believe a knowledge
new. Others have attended the school for many of the Bible without a college course is more
years. The school is conducted in tens of valuable than a college course without a Bible."
thousands of locations. Wherever you live on
earth, the same program of education is available How to Benefit to the Full
to you. People of all ages, ethnic groups, and Of course, in order to benefit fully from the
educational backgrounds are receiving this education provided in the Theocratic Ministry
theocratic instruction, free of charge. School, you, the student, must make a personal
When the school was inaugurated in effort. The apostle Paul urged his Christian
congregations of Jehovah’s Witnesses in 1943, its associate Timothy: “Ponder over these things; be
purpose was stated in these words: “To prepare all absorbed in them, that your advancement may be
‘faithful men,’ those who have heard God’s Word manifest to all persons." (1 Tim. 4:15) In what
and proved their faith therein, to ‘be able to teach practical ways can you apply yourself?
others’ . . . to the one end of making each one . . . If at all possible, attend the Theocratic Ministry
better equipped to publicly present the hope that is School each week. Make wise use of this textbook,
within him." (Course in Theocratic Ministry, p. 4) Benefit From Theocratic Ministry School
The school’s objective has remained the same to Education. Print your name in the space provided
this day. for it on the title page. Always bring the book with
Really, what is the best thing that any of us can you when you attend the school. This textbook is
do with our God-given gift of speech? The Bible also a workbook. When you read in it important
answers: “Every breathing thing—let it praise Jah." points that you feel will help you, underline them.
(Ps. 150:6) When we do that, we bring joy to the Use the generous margins to write down practical
heart of our heavenly Father. We give evidence to points that you learn during discussions at the
him that our own hearts are responding with school.
gratitude to his goodness and love. No wonder A printed copy of the program to be followed in
Christians are encouraged always to “offer to God the Theocratic Ministry School is provided
a sacrifice of praise, that is, the fruit of lips which separately. The schedule will also include details
make public declaration to his name”! (Heb. 13:15) as to how the school will be conducted. You may
With a view to helping you improve in your ability to find it practical to keep the schedule in this book,
use your God-given gifts to praise Jehovah, we where it will be handy.
welcome you as a student in the Theocratic
Ministry School. In preparing for the weekly school sessions,
keep in mind that the Bible is the principal
textbook. Give priority to reading any portion of the we may think clearly, act wisely, and communicate
Bible that may be scheduled for the week. If you effectively the marvelous truths from God’s
are also able to read in advance the material for inspired Word.
the various program parts, this too will be very
[Box on page 6]
FEATURES OF THE SCHOOL
During the school, there may be opportunities
A weekly program of reading, study, and research
for audience participation. Take full advantage of
centered on the Bible
these. Getting involved in such discussions is an
important factor in remembering what you hear Instruction in public reading and in the arts of
and being able to put it to use in your personal life. speaking and teaching
Of course, all students will have opportunities to Participation in class discussions
give talks or demonstrations before the Opportunities to give presentations before the
congregation. Make good use of each one of those congregation
opportunities. Really apply yourself to improve in
whatever speech quality has been assigned to Personal assistance to help you progress
you. You will be given counsel with a view to your [Box on page 7]
continued progress. Welcome that personal help. SKILLS THAT ARE GIVEN ATTENTION
In your book, make a note of specific suggestions
as to what you might personally do to improve. Listening and remembering
Since it is difficult for a person to perceive himself Personal reading
the way others do, the loving, Bible-based
suggestions and counsel provided can contribute Studying
significantly to your progress. That is true even if Doing research
you have been enrolled in the school for many
years. —Prov. 1:5. Analyzing and organizing
Would you like to make more rapid progress? If Conversing
you show personal initiative, that can be done. Answering questions
Study in advance the material that is to be covered
in each student talk. If a substitute speaker is Putting thoughts down in writing
needed, you will be in a position to volunteer, and [Box on page 8]
that will give you more experience. When others A FOUNDATION ON WHICH TO BUILD
give talks, listen carefully to how they handle the The ability to communicate effectively is an art.
material. We learn from one another. Not everyone does it well. Many textbooks have
Additionally, if your circumstances permit, you been designed to help people to improve in this
can accelerate your progress by personally area. However, the Creator, the One who endowed
studying ahead in this textbook. After you have humans with the ability to speak, knows more
learned well what is in the next 15 studies, proceed about speaking and teaching than any human
to work your way through the “Program for speech instructor. His only-begotten Son
Developing Ability as a Speaker and a Teacher,” cooperated with him as the Master Worker in
beginning on page 78. First, study each lesson, producing the human brain and the organs of
and do the exercises that are outlined in speech as well as all the other marvels of creation.
connection with it. Apply in your ministry what you As angels and then humans were brought into
are learning. This can greatly enhance your existence, that Son served as the Word of God, the
progress as a speaker and as a teacher of God’s primary One through whom God himself conveyed
Word. instruction to them. (Prov. 8:30; John 1:1-3) That
Son was sent to earth as the Lord Jesus Christ.
Your Theocratic Ministry School education will Concerning him, the inspired record says: “The
help to prepare you for what matters most in life. crowds were astounded at his way of teaching."
Since we are alive because of God’s will, to praise And those who heard him testified: “Never has
him is to realize the very purpose of our existence. another man spoken like this." (Matt. 7:28; John
Jehovah God deserves praise of the highest 7:46) Over 40 times Jesus is spoken of in the
quality. (Rev. 4:11) The education that we receive Gospels as Teacher, and with good reason. There
in the school is a means to accomplish this so that
is much about speaking and teaching that we can shows us how to enjoy success in all that we do.
learn from him. —Josh. 1:8; Ps. 8:1; Isa. 41:10.
The Bible also contains a record of how Jehovah
The more time you spend reading the Bible, the
God used men and women from many
greater will be your satisfaction as you grow in
backgrounds to accomplish his will. Some of them
knowledge of God’s will for you. But the delight will
delivered brief but powerful messages. Many did
go far beyond that. When your reading provides
not speak before large audiences, but they
you the help you need to deal wisely with
faithfully shared in giving a witness concerning the
problems, you will feel like the psalmist who said:
true God and his purpose. Apparently, most were
“Your reminders are wonderful. That is why my
not eloquent speakers, but God blessed their
soul has observed them." (Ps. 119:129) You too
efforts. We can learn from what the Bible tells us
will rejoice as you discern from the Scriptures
about how they carried on their ministry. —Ps.
principles that help to mold your thinking and your
desires in a godly way. —Isa. 55:8, 9.
Of course, the Bible is not a textbook about public
The Bible provides moral guidance that shields us
speaking. But for those who read with
from harm and shows us the right way. As we read
discernment, it contains valuable insights
it, we sense that Jehovah is a Father who knows
regarding effective speaking and teaching. Benefit
what problems will result when we give in to
From Theocratic Ministry School Education
imperfect fleshly desires. He does not want us to
endeavors to build on that foundation.
suffer the terrible consequences that will inevitably
come from flouting his high moral standards. He
cares about us and wants us to enjoy the best way
Take Delight in God’s Word
of life. Our reading of his Word helps us to
appreciate more fully what a blessing it is to have
HAPPY is the man whose “delight is in the law
him as our God and heavenly Father.
of Jehovah." Such a man reads God’s Word “in an
undertone day and night." (Ps. 1:1, 2) Do you
experience that delight? How can you increase the
(2 Chronicles 30:1-12)
joy that God’s Word brings you?
Listen as Jehovah Speaks No. 3
Do not simply read words. Visualize the Why Genuine Christians Refrain From Using
situations about which you read. Imagine the
voices of those who are quoted. As you read the
opening chapters of the Bible, hear Jehovah No. 4
himself reveal, step by step, what is done in Sin's Effect On Our Relationship With God
making the earth fit for man. Listen as he tells his (rs p. 374 - 375)
Son, the Master Worker, that the time has come to How does sin affect a person’s relationship
bring the first humans into existence. Picture the with God?
scene: Adam and Eve rebel, God passes judgment
1 John 3:4, 8: “Everyone who practices sin is
on them and, subsequently, he ousts them from
also practicing lawlessness, and so sin is
Paradise. (Genesis, chaps. 1-3) Feel a sense of
lawlessness. He who carries on sin originates with
awe when you read that a voice from heaven
the Devil." (How forceful this is! Those who
identifies Jesus Christ as the Son of God, the
deliberately choose a course of sin, making a
beloved, the one sent by God to lay down his life
practice of it, are viewed by God as criminals. The
for mankind. (Matt. 3:16, 17) Try to imagine the
course they have chosen is the one that Satan
apostle John’s reaction when he hears Jehovah
himself first took.)
declare: “Look! I am making all things new." (Rev.
21:5) Truly, reading God’s Word in this way is a Rom. 5:8, 10: “While we were yet sinners, Christ
delightful experience! died for us. . . . When we were enemies, we
became reconciled to God through the death of his
Continue reading the inspired record, and you
Son." (Notice that sinners are referred to as
will come to know Jehovah as a majestic and
enemies of God. How wise, then, to avail ourselves
awe-inspiring person. You will feel strongly drawn
of the provision that God has made for
to this One who loves us, deals mercifully with us,
reconciliation to him!)
helps us if we humbly keep trying to do his will, and
1 Tim. 1:13: “I was shown mercy [says the
apostle Paul], because I was ignorant and acted
with a lack of faith." (But when he was shown the
right way by the Lord, he did not hold back from
2 Cor. 6:1, 2: “Working together with him, we also
entreat you not to accept the undeserved kindness
of God and miss its purpose. For he says: ‘In an
acceptable time I heard you, and in a day of
salvation I helped you. ’ Look! Now is the
especially acceptable time. Look! Now is the day of
salvation." (Now is the time when the opportunity
for salvation is available. God will not forever
extend toward sinful humans such undeserved
kindness. So, care needs to be exercised in order
that we do not miss its purpose.)
Jan. 9 only true God and to cultivate a fine relationship
Song 144 with him as well as to cope successfully with the
Bible reading 2 Chronicles 33-36 problems of life. It explains the way to eternal life in
Speech Quality: Accurate Reading (be p. 83 ¶ 1- God’s new world. Our goal should be to read the
5) Bible to the best of our ability. —Ps. 119:140; Jer.
No 1: 2 Chronicles-Why Beneficial (si p. 84 ¶ 34-6) 26:2.
No. 2 2 Chronicles 34:1-11
How to Read Accurately. There are many
No. 3 What The Bible Says About The Soul
facets to effective reading, but developing
(rs 375 ¶ 4-p. 376 ¶4)
accuracy is the first step. That means endeavoring
No. 4 Never Be Ashamed of Adhering To The
to read exactly what is on the printed page. Be
Bible's Moral Standards
careful not to skip words, drop word endings, or
misread words because of their similarity to other
Speech Quality words.
Accurate Reading In order to read words correctly, you need to
be study 1 pp. 83-84 understand the context. That will require careful
What do you need to do? preparation. In time, as you develop the ability to
Read aloud exactly what is on the look ahead and consider the flow of thought, your
printed page. Do not skip words, accuracy in reading will improve.
ignore parts of words, or exchange No. 1
one word for another. Pronounce the 2 Chronicles--Why Beneficial
words correctly. Take note of si p. 84 Bible Book Number 14—2 Chronicles
punctuation and diacritics.
Why is it important?
Second Chronicles adds its powerful
Careful and correct reading is a testimony to that of other witnesses concerning
fundamental part of conveying this eventful period, 1037-537 B. C. E. Moreover, it
accurate knowledge of Bible truth. gives valuable supplementary information not
found in other canonical histories, for example, at 2
THE Scriptures state that it is God’s will that Chronicles chapters 19, 20, and 29 through 31.
people of all sorts “come to an accurate knowledge Ezra’s selection of material emphasized the
of truth." (1 Tim. 2:4) In accord with that, when we fundamental and permanent elements in the
read aloud from the Bible, our desire to convey history of the nation, such as the priesthood and its
accurate knowledge should influence how we service, the temple, and the Kingdom covenant.
read. This was beneficial in holding the nation together in
The ability to read aloud from the Bible and from hope of the Messiah and his Kingdom.
publications that explain the Bible is important for 35
The closing verses of Second Chronicles
youths and older ones alike. As Witnesses of (36:17-23) give conclusive proof of the fulfillment of
Jehovah, we have a responsibility to share with Jeremiah 25:12 and, in addition, show that a full 70
others a knowledge of Jehovah and his ways. That years must be counted from the complete
often involves reading to one person or to a small desolation of the land to the restoration of
group. We also do such reading within the family Jehovah’s worship at Jerusalem in 537 B. C. E.
circle. In the Theocratic Ministry School, there are This desolation therefore begins in 607 B. C. E.
appropriate opportunities for brothers and sisters, —Jer. 29:10; 2 Ki. 25:1-26; Ezra 3:1-6.
young and old, to receive counsel with a view to 36
Second Chronicles contains powerful
improving their oral reading. admonition for those walking in Christian faith. So
Reading the Bible publicly, whether to many of the kings of Judah started well but then
individuals or to a congregation, is something to lapsed into wicked ways. How forcefully this
take seriously. The Bible is inspired of God. historical record illustrates that success depends
Additionally, “the word of God is alive and exerts upon faithfulness to God! We should be warned
power . . . and is able to discern thoughts and therefore to be not “the sort that shrink back to
intentions of the heart." (Heb. 4:12) God’s Word destruction, but the sort that have faith to the
contains priceless knowledge that is available from preserving alive of the soul." (Heb. 10:39) Even
no other source. It can help a person to know the faithful King Hezekiah became haughty on
recovering from his sickness, and it was only
because he quickly humbled himself that he was
able to avoid Jehovah’s indignation. Second No. 4
Chronicles magnifies Jehovah’s wonderful Never Be Ashamed of Adhering To The Bible's
qualities and extols his name and sovereignty. The Moral Standards
entire history is presented from the standpoint of
exclusive devotion to Jehovah. As it lays emphasis
also upon the royal line of Judah, it strengthens our
expectation of seeing pure worship exalted under
the everlasting Kingdom of Jesus Christ, the loyal
“son of David."—Matt. 1:1; Acts 15:16, 17.
(2 Chronicles 34:1-11)
What The Bible Says About The Soul
rs p. 375 - p. 376 Soul
What does the Bible say that helps us to
understand what the soul is?
Gen. 2:7: “Jehovah God proceeded to form the
man out of dust from the ground and to blow into
his nostrils the breath of life, and the man came to
be a living soul." (Notice that this does not say that
man was given a soul but that he became a soul, a
living person.) (The part of the Hebrew word here
rendered “soul” is nephesh. KJ, AS, and Dy agree
with that rendering. RS, JB, NAB read “being." NE
says “creature." Kx reads “person.")
1 Cor. 15:45: “It is even so written: ‘The first
man Adam became a living soul. ’ The last Adam
became a life-giving spirit." (So the Christian Greek
Scriptures agree with the Hebrew Scriptures as to
what the soul is.) (The Greek word here translated
“soul” is the accusative case of psykhe. KJ, AS,
Dy, JB, NAB, and Kx also read “soul." RS, NE, and
TEV say “being.")
1 Pet. 3:20: “In Noah’s days . . . a few people,
that is, eight souls, were carried safely through the
water." (The Greek word here translated “souls” is
psykhai, the plural form of psykhe. KJ, AS, Dy, and
Kx also read “souls." JB and TEV say “people”; RS,
NE, and NAB use “persons.")
Gen. 9:5: “Besides that, your blood of your souls
[or, “lives”; Hebrew, from nephesh] shall I ask
back." (Here the soul is said to have blood.)
Josh. 11:11: “They went striking every soul
[Hebrew, nephesh] that was in it with the edge of
the sword." (The soul is here shown to be
something that can be touched by the sword, so
these souls could not have been spirits.)
Jan. 16 correctly. To become an effective public reader in
Song 137 the congregation, you will need to develop good
Bible reading Ezra 1-5 habits in personal reading. This involves
Speech Quality: How To Read Accurately appreciating that each word in a sentence plays a
(be p. 84 ¶ 1-p. 85 ¶ 3) role. You cannot ignore some of them and get a
No 1: Introduction To Ezra (si p. 85 ¶ 1-7) clear picture of what is being said. If you misread
No. 2: Ezra 1:1-11 words, even when reading to yourself, the meaning
No. 3 Benefits From Having An Honest of the sentence will be distorted. Misreading may
Conscience result from failure to consider diacritics or the
No. 4 Animals Are Souls (rs 376 ¶ 5-p. 377 ¶3) context in which words are used. Put forth an effort
to understand what each word means in the setting
Speech Quality in which it appears. Consider, too, how the
How To Read Accurately punctuation affects the meaning of the sentence.
be study 1 Accurate Reading Remember that thoughts are usually conveyed by
groups of words. Take note of these so that when
Punctuation and diacritics are important reading aloud you read word groupings—phrases
elements of written language. Punctuation may and clauses—instead of simply words. Clearly
indicate where to pause, how long to pause, and understanding what you are reading is an
possibly the need for inflection. In some important step toward being able to convey
languages, failure to change tone when required accurate knowledge to others by public reading.
by the punctuation may change a question into a
statement, or it may alter the meaning altogether. It was to an experienced Christian elder that the
At times, of course, the function of punctuation is apostle Paul wrote:"Continue applying yourself to
largely grammatical. In many languages it is public reading." (1 Tim. 4:13) This is obviously an
impossible to read accurately without giving careful area in which all of us will find room for
attention to diacritics—both those that are written improvement.
and those that are understood from the context.
These influence the sound of the characters with HOW TO ACHIEVE IT
which they are associated. Be sure to get Practice! Practice! Practice! And do so
acquainted with the way that punctuation and out loud.
diacritics are used in your language. This is a key
to reading in a meaningful way. Remember that Ask someone to monitor your reading
your objective should be to convey thoughts, not and point out mistakes.
merely to say words. When doing personal study, discipline
Practice is required if you are going to cultivate yourself to read carefully.
the ability to read accurately. Read just one Instead of merely reading words, learn
paragraph, and then do it again and again until you to read groups of words.
can read it without any mistakes. Then go on to the
next paragraph. Finally, endeavor to read several EXERCISE: After preparing well, ask a friend or a
pages of material without skipping, repeating, or family member to follow in the Bible as you read
misreading any words. After you have taken those aloud a portion from Matthew chapters 5 to 7.
steps, ask someone to monitor your reading and Ask him to stop you every time you (1) skip a
point out any mistakes that you may make. word, (2) read a word incorrectly or change the
word order, or (3) ignore a diacritic or some
In some parts of the world, poor eyesight and punctuation that calls for a pause or an
inadequate lighting contribute to difficulty in inflection. It would be good to do this for at least
reading. If it is possible to give these the needed ten minutes on two or three occasions.
attention, improvement in reading will undoubtedly
result. [Box on page 84]
In time, brothers who read well may be invited to
share in the public reading of study material at the Period (.) indicates a full stop.
Congregation Book Study and the Watchtower Comma (,) usually requires a slight pause, as
Study. But to care well for such a privilege, more is more text will follow.
required than just being able to say the words
Semicolon (;) marks a pause milder than a period Babylonian king Belshazzar and his grandees
but stronger than a comma. were drinking toasts to their demon gods. Adding
to their pagan debauchery, they were using the
Colon (:) introduces a list or a quotation; it requires
holy vessels from Jehovah’s temple as their cups
a pause but without a drop in inflection.
of drunkenness! How fitting that Cyrus was outside
Exclamation point (!) signals strong feeling in Babylon’s walls that night to fulfill the prophecy!
This date 539 B. C. E. is a pivotal date, that is,
Question mark (?) usually requires that the a date that may be harmonized with both secular
sentence be read in a somewhat higher tone or and Biblical history. During his first year as ruler of
with rising inflection. Babylon, Cyrus “caused a cry to pass through all
Quotation marks (“ ” or ‘ ’) may indicate that the his realm,” authorizing the Jews to go up to
enclosed words should be set off with pauses (very Jerusalem to rebuild the house of Jehovah. This
slight if a part of text; stronger if a full statement). decree was evidently issued late in 538 B. C. E. or
early in 537 B. C. E. A faithful remnant journeyed
Dashes (—), when used to set off words, usually back to Jerusalem in time to set up the altar and
call for a slight change of tone or pace. offer the first sacrifices in “the seventh month”
Parentheses () and brackets [ ] may isolate (Tishri, corresponding to September-October) of
words to be read with a slightly lower tone. Source the year 537 B. C. E. —70 years to the month after
references in parentheses do not need to be read, Judah and Jerusalem’s desolation by
and bracketed words that are needed to complete Nebuchadnezzar. —Ezra 1:1-3; 3:1-6.
the sense of what is read do not require a change Restoration! This provides the setting of the
in tone. book of Ezra. The use of the first person in the
narration from chapter 7 verse 27 through chapter
No. 1 9 clearly shows that the writer was Ezra. As “a
Introduction to Ezra skilled copyist in the law of Moses” and a man of
si pp. 85-86 Bible Book Number 15—Ezra practical faith who “prepared his heart to consult
the law of Jehovah and to do it and to teach” it,
Writer: Ezra Ezra was well qualified to record this history, even
Place Written: Jerusalem as he had recorded Chronicles. (Ezra 7:6, 10)
Since the book of Ezra is a continuation of
Writing Completed: c. 460 B. C. E. Chronicles, it is generally believed that it was
Time Covered: 537–c. 467 B. C. E. written at the same time, about 460 B. C. E. It
covers 70 years, from the time that the Jews were
THE end of the prophesied 70 years of a broken, scattered nation marked as “the sons of
Jerusalem’s desolation under Babylon was death” to the completion of the second temple and
drawing near. True, it was Babylon’s reputation the cleansing of the priesthood after Ezra’s return
that she never released her captives, but to Jerusalem. —Ezra 1:1; 7:7; 10:17; Ps. 102:20,
Jehovah’s word would prove stronger than footnote.
Babylonian might. Release of Jehovah’s people 5
The Hebrew name Ezra means “Help." The
was in sight. Jehovah’s temple that had been laid books of Ezra and Nehemiah were originally one
low would be rebuilt, and Jehovah’s altar would scroll. (Neh. 3:32, footnote) Later the Jews divided
again receive sacrifices of atonement. Jerusalem this scroll and called it First and Second Ezra.
would again know the shout and praise of the true Modern Hebrew Bibles call the two books Ezra and
worshiper of Jehovah. Jeremiah had prophesied Nehemiah, as do other modern Bibles. Part of the
the length of the desolation, and Isaiah had book of Ezra (4:8 to 6:18 and 7:12-26) was written
prophesied how the release of captives would in Aramaic and the remainder in Hebrew, Ezra
come about. Isaiah had even named Cyrus of being skilled in both languages.
Persia as ‘the shepherd of Jehovah,’ who would 6
tumble haughty Babylon from her position as the Today the majority of scholars accept the
third world power of Bible history. —Isa. 44:28; accuracy of the book of Ezra. Concerning the
45:1, 2; Jer. 25:12. canonicity of Ezra, W. F. Albright writes in his
treatise The Bible After Twenty Years of
Disaster befell Babylon on the night of October Archaeology: “Archaeological data have thus
5, 539 B. C. E. (Gregorian calendar), as the
demonstrated the substantial originality of the compensation for it, soul for soul."
Books of Jeremiah and Ezekiel, of Ezra and (Notice that the same Hebrew word for
Nehemiah beyond doubt; they have confirmed the soul is applied to both mankind and
traditional picture of events, as well as their order." animals.)
Though the book of Ezra may not be quoted or Rev. 16:3: “It became blood as of a
referred to directly by the Christian Greek Scripture dead man, and every living soul* died,
writers, there is no question about its place in the yes, the things in the sea." (Thus the
canon of the Bible. It carries the record of Christian Greek Scriptures also show
Jehovah’s dealings with the Jews down to the time animals to be souls.) (*In Greek the
of the assembling of the Hebrew catalog, which word here is psykhe. KJ, AS, and Dy
work was largely accomplished by Ezra, according render it “soul." Some translators use
the term “creature” or “thing.")
to Jewish tradition. Moreover, the book of Ezra
vindicates all the prophecies concerning the Do other scholars who are not
restoration and so proves that it is indeed an Jehovah’s Witnesses acknowledge
integral part of the divine record, with which it also that this is what the Bible says the
harmonizes completely. In addition, it honors pure soul is?
worship and sanctifies the great name of Jehovah “There is no dichotomy [division] of
God. body and soul in the O[ld] T[estament].
The Israelite saw things concretely, in
No. 2 their totality, and thus he considered
(Ezra 1:1-11) men as persons and not as
composites. The term nepeš
No. 3 [nephesh], though translated by our
word soul, never means soul as
Benefits From Having An Honest Conscience
distinct from the body or the individual
person. . . . The term [psykhe] is the
No. 4 N[ew] T[estament] word
Animals Are Souls corresponding with nepeš. It can mean
rs p. 376 - p. 377 Soul the principle of life, life itself, or the
Where does the Bible say that living being."—New Catholic
animals are souls? Encyclopedia (1967), Vol. XIII, pp.
Gen. 1:20, 21, 24, 25: “God went on to
say: ‘Let the waters swarm forth a “The Hebrew term for ‘soul’ (nefesh,
swarm of living souls* . . . ’ And God that which breathes) was used by
proceeded to create the great sea Moses . . . , signifying an ‘animated
monsters and every living soul that being’ and applicable equally to
moves about, which the waters nonhuman beings. . . . New Testament
swarmed forth according to their kinds, usage of psych (‘soul’) was
and every winged flying creature comparable to nefesh."—The New
according to its kind. . . . And God went Encyclopædia Britannica (1976),
on to say: ‘Let the earth put forth living Macropædia, Vol. 15, p. 152.
souls according to their kinds . . . ’ And
God proceeded to make the wild beast “The belief that the soul continues its existence
of the earth according to its kind and after the dissolution of the body is a matter of
the domestic animal according to its philosophical or theological speculation rather than
kind and every moving animal of the of simple faith, and is accordingly nowhere
ground according to its kind." (*In expressly taught in Holy Scripture."—The Jewish
Hebrew the word here is nephesh. Ro Encyclopedia (1910), Vol. VI, p. 564.
reads “soul." Some translations use
the rendering “creature[s].")
Lev. 24:17, 18: “In case a man strikes
any soul [Hebrew, nephesh] of
mankind fatally, he should be put to
death without fail. And the fatal striker
of the soul [Hebrew, nephesh] of a
domestic animal should make
Jan. 23 run. The words are there, but much of the benefit is
Song 106 lost.
Bible reading: Ezra 6-10
In some cases, indistinct speech is related to a
Speech Quality: Words Clearly Spoken (be p. 86 ¶
structural defect in the speech organs. But even
those who must cope with such a problem can do
No. 1: Ezra - Why Beneficial (si p. 87 ¶14-18)
much to improve by applying the suggestions in
No. 2: Ezra 6:1-12
No. 3: At Death, Neither Soul Nor Spirit Continues
Frequently, however, indistinct speech results from
Living (rs 377 ¶ 4-p. 379 ¶ 6)
a slurring of words—running them together so that
No. 4: * God's View of Marriage
they are difficult to understand. The problem may
involve skipping syllables or significant letters or
Speech Quality dropping word endings. When a person
Words Clearly Spoken indiscriminately runs words together, his hearers
be study 2 p. 86 Words Clearly Spoken may catch some ideas and phrases but they have
to guess at others. Failure to enunciate clearly can
What do you need to do? impair the effectiveness of a person’s teaching.
Express words so that they can easily
be understood by your audience. This No. 1
involves (1) proper use of the speech Ezra -- Why Beneficial
organs and (2) understanding of the si p. 87 Bible Book Number 15—Ezra
structure of words. WHY BENEFICIAL
Why is it important? 14
The book of Ezra is beneficial, in the first
When you enunciate carefully, others place, in showing the unerring accuracy with which
can understand what you say. Words Jehovah’s prophecies are fulfilled. Jeremiah, who
that are clearly spoken are likely to be had so accurately foretold Jerusalem’s desolation,
taken seriously. also foretold its restoration after 70 years. (Jer.
29:10) Right on time, Jehovah showed his
IN ORDER to communicate effectively, you loving-kindness in bringing his people, a faithful
must speak clearly. What you want to say may be remnant, back again into the Land of Promise to
interesting, even important, but much of it will be carry on true worship.
lost if your words are not easily understood. 15
The restored temple again exalted Jehovah’s
People are not motivated by speech that they worship among his people, and it stood as a
do not really understand. Even though a person testimony that he wonderfully and mercifully
has a strong voice and can readily be heard, if his blesses those who turn to him with a desire for true
words are slurred, they will not move others to worship. Though it lacked the glory of Solomon’s
action. It is as if he were speaking in a foreign temple, it served its purpose in harmony with the
tongue, unintelligible to the hearer. (Jer. 5:15) The divine will. The material splendor was no longer
Bible reminds us: “If the trumpet sounds an there. It was also inferior in spiritual treasures,
indistinct call, who will get ready for battle? In the lacking, among other things, the ark of the
same way also, unless you through the tongue covenant. Nor was the inauguration of
utter speech easily understood, how will it be Zerubbabel’s temple comparable with the
known what is being spoken? You will, in fact, be inauguration of the temple in Solomon’s day. The
speaking into the air."—1 Cor. 14:8, 9. sacrifices of cattle and sheep were not even one
percent of the sacrifices at Solomon’s temple. No
What Makes Speech Indistinct? It may be
cloudlike glory filled the latter house, as it had the
failure to open the mouth sufficiently. Jaw muscles
former, nor did fire descend from Jehovah to
that are rigid and lips that scarcely move may
consume the burnt offerings. Both temples,
contribute to muffled speech.
however, served the important purpose of exalting
Speaking too rapidly may also result in speech the worship of Jehovah, the true God.
that is difficult to grasp. That is like playing a 16
The temple built by Zerubbabel, the
recording of speech faster than it was designed to
tabernacle constructed by Moses, and the temples
built by Solomon and Herod, along with their
features, were typical, or pictorial. These Matt. 10:28: “Do not become fearful of those
represented the “true tent, which Jehovah put up, who kill the body but cannot kill the soul [or, “life”];
and not man." (Heb. 8:2) This spiritual temple is the but rather be in fear of him that can destroy both
arrangement for approaching Jehovah in worship soul* and body in Gehenna. ” (*Greek has the
on the basis of Christ’s propitiatory sacrifice. (Heb accusative case of psykhe. KJ, AS, RS, NE, TEV,
9:2-10, 23) Jehovah’s great spiritual temple is Dy, JB, and NAB all render it “soul.")
superlative in glory and incomparable in beauty
Acts 3:23: “Indeed, any soul [Greek, psykhe]
and desirableness; its splendor is unfading and
that does not listen to that Prophet will be
above that of any material structure.
completely destroyed from among the people."
The book of Ezra contains lessons that are of
Is it possible for human souls
highest value for Christians today. In it we read of
(people) to live forever?
Jehovah’s people making willing offerings for his
work. (Ezra 2:68; 2 Cor. 9:7) We are encouraged See pages 243-247, under the
by learning of Jehovah’s unfailing provision for and heading “Life."
his blessing upon assemblies for his praise. (Ezra Is the soul the same as the spirit?
6:16, 22) We see a fine example in the Nethinim
and other believing foreigners as they go up with Eccl. 12:7: “Then the dust returns to the earth
the remnant to give wholehearted support to just as it happened to be and the spirit [or,
Jehovah’s worship. (2:43, 55) Consider, too, the life-force; Hebrew, ruach] itself returns to the true
humble repentance of the people when advised of God who gave it." (Notice that the Hebrew word for
their wrong course in intermarrying with pagan spirit is ruach; but the word translated soul is
neighbors. (10:2-4) Bad associations led to divine nephesh. The text does not mean that at death the
disapproval. (9:14, 15) Joyful zeal for his work spirit travels all the way to the personal presence of
brought his approval and blessing. —6:14, 21, 22. God; rather, any prospect for the person to live
Though a king no longer sat on Jehovah’s throne again rests with God. In similar usage, we may say
at Jerusalem, the restoration aroused expectation that, if required payments are not made by the
that Jehovah would in due course produce his buyer of a piece of property, the property “returns”
promised King in the line of David. The restored to its owner.) (KJ, AS, RS, NE, and Dy all here
nation was now in position to guard the sacred render ruach as “spirit." NAB reads “life breath.")
pronouncements and worship of God until the time Eccl. 3:19: “There is an eventuality as respects
of Messiah’s appearing. If this remnant had not the sons of mankind and an eventuality as
responded in faith in returning to their land, to respects the beast, and they have the same
whom would Messiah have come? Truly, the eventuality. As the one dies, so the other dies; and
events in the book of Ezra are an important part of they all have but one spirit [Hebrew, ruach]." (Thus
the history leading to the appearance of the both mankind and beasts are shown to have the
Messiah and King! It is all most beneficial for our same ruach, or spirit. For comments on verses 20,
study today. 21, see page 383.)
No. 2 Heb. 4:12: “The word of God is alive and exerts
(EZRA 6:1-12) power and is sharper than any two-edged sword
and pierces even to the dividing of soul [Greek,
No. 3 At Death, Neither Soul Nor Spirit psykhes; “life,” NE] and spirit [Greek, pneumatos],
Continues Living and of joints and their marrow, and is able to
rs p. 377 - p. 380 Soul discern thoughts and intentions of the heart."
(Observe that the Greek word for “spirit” is not the
Can the human soul die? same as the word for “soul.")
Ezek. 18:4: “Look! All the souls—to me they Does conscious life continue for a
belong. As the soul of the father so likewise the person after the spirit leaves the
soul of the son—to me they belong. The soul* that body?
is sinning—it itself will die." (*Hebrew reads “the
nephesh." KJ, AS, RS, NE, and Dy render it “the Ps. 146:4: “His spirit [Hebrew, from
soul." Some translations say “the man” or “the ruach] goes out, he goes back to his
person.") ground; in that day his thoughts do
perish." (NAB, Ro, Yg, and Dy [145:4]
here render ruach as “spirit." Some No. 4:
translations say “breath.") (Also Psalm * God's View of Marriage
What is the origin of Christendom’s belief in an
immaterial, immortal soul?
“The Christian concept of a spiritual soul
created by God and infused into the body at
conception to make man a living whole is the fruit
of a long development in Christian philosophy.
Only with Origen [died c. 254 C. E. ] in the East and
St. Augustine [died 430 C. E. ] in the West was the
soul established as a spiritual substance and a
philosophical concept formed of its nature. . . . His
[Augustine’s] doctrine . . . owed much (including
some shortcomings) to Neoplatonism."—New
Catholic Encyclopedia (1967), Vol. XIII, pp. 452,
“The concept of immortality is a product of
Greek thinking, whereas the hope of a resurrection
belongs to Jewish thought. . . . Following
Alexander’s conquests Judaism gradually
absorbed Greek concepts."—Dictionnaire
Encyclopédique de la Bible (Valence, France;
1935), edited by Alexandre Westphal, Vol. 2, p.
“Immortality of the soul is a Greek notion formed
in ancient mystery cults and elaborated by the
philosopher Plato."—Presbyterian Life, May 1,
1970, p. 35.
“Do we believe that there is such a thing as
death? . . . Is it not the separation of soul and
body? And to be dead is the completion of this;
when the soul exists in herself, and is released
from the body and the body is released from the
soul, what is this but death? . . . And does the soul
admit of death? No. Then the soul is immortal?
Yes.”—Plato’s “Phaedo,” Secs. 64, 105, as
published in Great Books of the Western World
(1952), edited by R. M. Hutchins, Vol. 7, pp. 223,
“The problem of immortality, we have seen,
engaged the serious attention of the Babylonian
theologians. . . . Neither the people nor the leaders
of religious thought ever faced the possibility of the
total annihilation of what once was called into
existence. Death was a passage to another kind of
life."—The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria
(Boston, 1898), M. Jastrow, Jr. , p. 556.
See also pages 100-102, under the heading
Jan. 30 must also be relaxed. They have to be ready to
Song 161 expand and contract rapidly so as to put the
Bible reading: Nehemiah 1-4 finishing touches to many sounds that originate in
Speech Quality: How to Speak Clearly (be p. 87 ¶ the mouth and the throat. If the jaw and the lips are
1-p. 88 ¶ 3) tense, the mouth will not open properly, and sound
No. 1: Introduction to Nehemiah (si p. 88 ¶ 1-5) will be forced through the teeth. This will result in
No. 2: Nehemiah 2:1-10 gruff, muffled, indistinct speech. Relaxing the jaw
No. 3: The Most Important Kind of Security and the lips, however, does not mean becoming
No. 4: What Holy Spirit Is (rs p. 380 ¶ 2-p. 381 ¶ 1) lazy in speech habits. This needs to be balanced
with the habit of forming sounds so that
Speech Quality enunciation is clear.
How to Speak Clearly In analyzing your situation, you may find it
be study 2 Words Clearly Spoken helpful to read aloud. Closely observe how you are
How to Speak Clearly. One of the keys to employing the marvelous organs of speech. Do
saying words clearly is understanding the makeup you open your mouth sufficiently so that speech
of words in your language. In most languages, sounds can come out without obstruction? The
words are made up of syllables. Syllables are tongue, you must remember, is not the only organ
made up of one or more letters that are uttered as of speech, though it is one of the busiest. The
a single unit. In such languages, each syllable neck, the lower jaw, the lips, the facial muscles,
would normally be sounded when you speak, and the throat muscles all play a part. As you
though not all with the same degree of emphasis. If speak, do you seem to be doing so without facial
you want to improve the clarity of your speech, movement? If so, then there is a strong probability
slow down and do your best to express each that your speech is indistinct.
syllable. At first this may sound overly precise, but If a tape recorder is available, record your own
as you practice, you will gradually resume a voice while you are speaking in a natural way, as
smooth flow of speech. For the sake of fluency, you would to someone when you are in the field
you will no doubt run certain words together, but ministry. Record several minutes of conversational
this should be avoided if there is any danger of speech. Listening to that recording can help you
obscuring the sense of the words. pinpoint any trouble you may have in clearly
A note of caution: To cultivate your enunciation, sounding certain words. Watch for instances of
you may practice speaking and reading in an slurring, muffling, or clipping of words, and try to
overly precise manner. But do not allow that to determine the cause. Usually the weakness can be
become your regular manner of speaking. It would remedied by working on the points discussed
sound affected and unnatural. above.
If your speech sounds somewhat muffled, learn Do you have a speech impediment? Practice
to hold your head up and move your chin away opening your mouth a little more than you have in
from your chest. When reading from the Bible, hold the past, and try enunciating even more carefully.
the book high enough so that shifting your gaze Fill your lungs when you take a breath, and speak
from the audience to your Bible requires only a slowly. Doing this has enabled many with speech
slight downward look. This will allow your words to impediments to speak with improved clarity. If you
come out unimpeded. lisp, pull your tongue away from your front teeth
when uttering the s and z sounds in words.
Learning to release tension can also improve Although your problem may not be completely
your speech. It is well-known that tension in the solved, do not despair. Remember that Jehovah
facial muscles or in those controlling your chose Moses, a man who may have had a speech
breathing can have an adverse effect on the impediment, to deliver vital messages to both the
speech mechanism. Such tension interferes with people of Israel and Pharaoh of Egypt. (Ex.
the harmonious coordination that should exist 4:10-12) If you are willing, he will use you too, and
between your mind, vocal organs, and breath he will bless your ministry with success.
control—an operation that should be smooth and
The jaw muscles need to be relaxed in order to
respond readily to direction from the brain. The lips HOW TO DO IT
Speak and read individual words time marker in connection with a prophecy that
clearly—with proper enunciation, Jehovah had given Daniel concerning the coming
sufficient volume, and at a reasonable of Messiah. (Dan. 9:24-27) Accordingly, Jehovah
pace. directed events, using faithful and zealous
Nehemiah to carry out the divine will.
Do not slur expressions or run words
together in such a way as to make the Nehemiah is undoubtedly the writer of the
meaning uncertain to your hearers. book that bears his name. The opening statement,
“The words of Nehemiah the son of Hacaliah,” and
Hold your head up, and open your
the use of the first person in the writing clearly
mouth sufficiently when you speak.
prove this. (Neh. 1:1) Originally the books of Ezra
Practice relaxing your neck, jaw, lips, and Nehemiah were one book, called Ezra. Later,
facial muscles, and throat muscles. the Jews divided the book into First and Second
Ezra, and later still Second Ezra became known as
EXERCISE: Speak in your normal manner. How Nehemiah. An interval of about 12 years lies
much do you open your mouth? Do you need to between the closing events of Ezra and the
open it a little more and make fuller use of facial opening events of Nehemiah, whose history then
muscles? Practice doing that as you read Matthew covers the period from the end of 456 B. C. E. till
8:23-27 aloud. Be sure to hold your head up, and after 443 B. C. E. —1:1; 5:14; 13:6.
endeavor to relax the muscles of your jaw. 4
The book of Nehemiah harmonizes with the
rest of inspired Scripture, with which it rightfully
belongs. It contains numerous allusions to the
Introduction To Nehemiah
Law, referring to matters such as marriage
si p. 88 Bible Book Number 16—Nehemiah
alliances with foreigners (Deut. 7:3; Neh. 10:30),
Writer: Nehemiah loans (Lev. 25:35-38; Deut. 15:7-11; Neh. 5:2-11),
and the Festival of Booths (Deut. 31:10-13; Neh.
Place Written: Jerusalem 8:14-18). Further, the book marks the beginning of
Writing Completed: After 443 B. C. E. the fulfillment of Daniel’s prophecy that Jerusalem
would be rebuilt but not without opposition, “in the
Time Covered: 456–after 443 B. C. E. straits of the times."—Dan. 9:25.
What about the date 455 B. C. E. for Nehemiah’s
NEHEMIAH, whose name means “Jah journey to Jerusalem to rebuild the city wall?
Comforts,” was a Jewish servant of the Persian Reliable historical evidence from Greek, Persian,
king Artaxerxes (Longimanus). He was cupbearer and Babylonian sources points to 475 B. C. E. as
to the king. This was a position of great trust and the accession year of Artaxerxes and 474 B. C. E.
honor, one to be desired, for it gave access to the as his first regnal year. This would make his 20th
king at times when he was in a happy frame of year 455 B. C. E. Nehemiah 2:1-8 indicates it was
mind and ready to grant favors. However, in the spring of that year, in the Jewish month
Nehemiah was one of those faithful exiles who Nisan, that Nehemiah, the royal cupbearer,
preferred Jerusalem above any personal “cause received from the king permission to restore and
for rejoicing." (Ps. 137:5, 6) It was not position or rebuild Jerusalem, its wall, and its gates. Daniel’s
material wealth that was uppermost in Nehemiah’s prophecy stated that 69 weeks of years, or 483
thoughts but, rather, the restoration of Jehovah’s years, would stretch “from the going forth of the
worship. word to restore and to rebuild Jerusalem until
In 456 B. C. E. those “left over from the Messiah the Leader”—a prophecy that was
captivity,” the Jewish remnant that had returned to remarkably fulfilled at Jesus’ anointing in 29 C. E. ,
Jerusalem, were not prospering. They were in a a date that may be harmonized with both secular
lamentable condition. (Neh. 1:3) The wall of the and Biblical history. (Dan. 9:24-27; Luke 3:1-3, 23)
city was rubble, and the people were a reproach in Indeed, the books of Nehemiah and Luke tie in
the eyes of their ever-present adversaries. remarkably with Daniel’s prophecy in showing
Nehemiah was grieved. However, it was Jehovah’s Jehovah God to be the Author and Fulfiller of true
appointed time for something to be done about the prophecy! Nehemiah is truly a part of the inspired
wall of Jerusalem. Enemies or no enemies, Scriptures.
Jerusalem with its protective wall must be built as a
The Most Important Kind of Security
What Holy Spirit Is
rs p. 380 - p. 381 Spirit
What is the holy spirit?
A comparison of Bible texts that refer to the holy
spirit shows that it is spoken of as ‘filling’ people;
they can be ‘baptized’ with it; and they can be
“anointed” with it. (Luke 1:41; Matt. 3:11; Acts
10:38) None of these expressions would be
appropriate if the holy spirit were a person.
Jesus also referred to the holy spirit as a
“helper” (Greek, parakletos), and he said that this
helper would “teach,” “bear witness,” “speak,” and
‘hear. ’ (John 14:16, 17, 26; 15:26; 16:13) It is not
unusual in the Scriptures for something to be
personified. For example, wisdom is said to have
“children." (Luke 7:35) Sin and death are spoken of
as being kings. (Rom. 5:14, 21) While some texts
say that the spirit “spoke,” other passages make
clear that this was done through angels or humans.
(Acts 4:24, 25; 28:25; Matt. 10:19, 20; compare
Acts 20:23 with 21:10, 11.) At 1 John 5:6-8, not
only the spirit but also “the water and the blood” are
said to ‘bear witness. ’ So, none of the expressions
found in these texts in themselves prove that the
holy spirit is a person.
The correct identification of the holy spirit must
fit all the scriptures that refer to that spirit. With this
viewpoint, it is logical to conclude that the holy
spirit is the active force of God. It is not a person
but is a powerful force that God causes to emanate
from himself to accomplish his holy will. —Ps.
104:30; 2 Pet. 1:21; Acts 4:31.
See also pages 406, 407, under the heading
Feb. 6 However, foreign influences on a language may
Song 40 result in pronunciations that reflect the origin of the
Bible reading: Nehemiah 5-8 words. As a result, a specific letter or group of
Speech Quality: Correct Pronunciation-Factors to letters may be pronounced in more than one way
Consider (be p. 89 ¶ 1-p. 90 ¶ 2) or, at times, may not be pronounced at all. You
No. 1: Read the Bible Daily (be p. 10 ¶ 1-p. 12 ¶ 4) may need to memorize the exceptions and then
No. 2: Nehemiah 5:1-13 use them often in your speech. In Chinese, proper
No. 3: Evidence That a Person Has Holy Spirit (rs pronunciation requires memorization of thousands
p. 381 ¶ 3-p. 382 ¶ 1) of characters. In some languages the meaning of a
No. 4: "Safeguard Your Heart" (Prov. 4:23) word changes when the tone is altered. Failure to
give adequate attention to this aspect of a
Speech Quality language can result in conveying wrong ideas.
Correct Pronunciation-Factors to Consider If the words of a language are made up of
be study 3 pp. 89-90 Correct Pronunciation syllables, it is important to place the primary stress
on the correct syllable. Many languages that use
What do you need to do? such a structure have a fairly regular pattern of oral
Say individual words correctly. This stress. Where there are exceptions to that pattern,
involves (1) using the right sounds to an accent mark may be part of the written word.
vocalize words, (2) stressing the right This helps to make proper pronunciation relatively
syllable(s) and, (3) in many languages, easy. However, if the pattern is not consistent, the
giving proper attention to diacritics. problem is more difficult. Dealing with it
successfully requires much memorization.
Why is it important?
In some languages, diacritics are a major factor
Proper pronunciation adds to the
to consider. These include marks shown above
dignity of the message we preach. It
and below certain letters of the alphabet, such as:
allows a listener’s attention to be
è, é, ô, ñ, , , , ö, ç. The diacritical marks may be
focused on the message we preach
written, or the reader may be expected to supply
rather than on any mistakes in
them on the basis of the context in which a word
appears. In the latter case, careful preparation will
likely be needed when you are assigned to read
NOT all Christians have had many years of
secular education. Even the apostles Peter and
John were described as “unlettered and ordinary." With regard to pronunciation, there are some
(Acts 4:13) Nevertheless, it is important to avoid pitfalls to avoid. Being overly precise can give the
detracting from your presentation of Bible truth by impression of affectation, even snobbishness. The
pronouncing words poorly. same can be said of pronunciation that is no longer
in general use. The only effect will be to draw
Factors to Consider. No one set of rules of
attention to the speaker. On the other hand, it is
pronunciation applies to all languages. Many
good to avoid the opposite extreme of using
languages are written in alphabetic letters. In
slovenly speech and pronunciation. Some of these
addition to the Latin alphabet, there are such
matters have already been discussed under
alphabets as Arabic, Cyrillic, Greek, and Hebrew.
“Words Clearly Spoken."
Instead of an alphabet, written Chinese uses
Acceptable pronunciation of the words of a
characters that may be made up of a number of
language may differ from one country to another,
elements. These characters usually stand for a
even from one part of a country to another part of
word or part of a word. Although Japanese and
the same country. A person from another country
Korean borrow from Chinese, the characters may
may speak the local language with a distinctive
be used to represent very different sounds and
accent. Dictionaries may list more than one
may not carry the same meaning.
acceptable pronunciation for a word. Especially if a
In alphabetic languages, proper pronunciation person’s opportunity for secular education was
requires using the right sound for each letter or very limited or if the language he now speaks is not
combination of letters. When such a language his native tongue, he will benefit greatly by
follows consistent rules, as is true of Greek, listening carefully to those who speak the local
Spanish, and Zulu, the task is not so difficult. language well and then patterning his
pronunciation after theirs. As Jehovah’s after they completed reading those 27 books, they
Witnesses, we want to speak in a manner that turned their attention to the 39 books of the
dignifies the message we preach and that will be Hebrew Scriptures and began reading and
readily understood by people in our area. enjoying them. By the time they finished the
Hebrew Scriptures, they had established a pattern
No. 1 of regular Bible reading, so they continued, reading
Read the Bible Daily the Christian Greek Scriptures for a second time,
be Take Delight in God’s Word and they have never stopped. May you likewise
make daily reading of God’s Word your lifelong
The psalmist said of the man who reads God’s
Word daily: “Everything he does will succeed." (Ps.
1:3) Yes, despite our imperfections, despite our Is there someone in your family or congregation
living in Satan’s wicked system of things, and who cannot read? Why not offer to read the Bible
despite the Devil’s efforts to devour us, regular regularly to that person? You will benefit, and he
reading and application of what is in God’s Word too will benefit as he meditates on what he hears
will enable us to succeed in everything that and then applies it in his life. —Rev. 1:3.
involves our relationship with Jehovah.
In time, you may want to undertake special
Since we are under pressure from this old projects in connection with your Bible reading.
system, absorbing the Creator’s thoughts for even Some of these can enhance your appreciation for
a few precious moments each day can impart the relationship between the various parts of the
strength to us. Some who were imprisoned for their Bible. If your Bible has marginal references, these
faith had access only to scattered verses that they may direct you to historical details and parallel
found quoted in newspaper articles. They clipped accounts. They may help you to discern the
these, memorized them, and meditated upon circumstances that led to the writing of various
them. Jehovah blessed their efforts because they psalms as well as letters penned by apostles of
did what their circumstances allowed in taking in Jesus Christ. Insight on the Scriptures provides a
knowledge from God’s Word. (Matt. 5:3) Yet, most wealth of background information on people,
of us have far more freedom than that. We should places, and qualities mentioned in the Bible.
not conclude that quickly reading a Bible verse Charts draw attention to the fulfillment of Bible
once a day will, in itself, have some miraculous prophecies, show which kings and prophets were
effect. Blessings will be ours, however, if we adjust contemporaries, and give approximate dates for
our priorities so as to read a portion of the Bible many Bible events.
each day, think about it, and put it to work in our
As you meditate on what you learn, you will
understand the reasons why certain conditions
Realistically, our best plans can be disrupted. developed among God’s people. You will also find
When that happens, we give priority to the things out why Jehovah dealt with his people as he did.
that really matter. For example, we would not on You will see how Jehovah evaluates the actions of
purpose go without drinking water for a day or two. governments, peoples, and individuals. This will
Regardless of what comes up in our daily lives, give you greater insight into his thinking.
then, we should take some time to refresh
Bible history will become more interesting to
ourselves with the waters of truth. —Acts 17:11.
you when you visualize the region in which events
Read All of God’s Word occurred. Maps of Bible lands reveal the terrain as
well as the distances between places. For
Have you personally read the entire Bible?
example, approximately where did the Israelites
Some have felt overwhelmed by the prospect of
cross the Red Sea? What was the size of the
reading from Genesis to Revelation. Hence, many
Promised Land? How far did Jesus walk as he
who wanted to read the entire Bible started by first
carried out his earthly ministry? What sights did
reading the Christian Greek Scriptures. Why?
Paul see on his missionary journeys? Maps and
Perhaps it was because they could more readily
geographic descriptions convey details that will
see how those Bible books applied to them as
bring your reading to life. Where can you find maps
individuals seeking to walk in the footsteps of
of the Bible lands? Some appear in the New World
Christ. Or perhaps it was because the Christian
Translation of the Holy Scriptures. The Insight
Greek Scriptures did not seem like so much to
volumes contain some 70 maps, and there is a
read—only a little over one fourth of the Bible. But
map index at the end of the first volume. Use the
Watch Tower Publications Index to locate other No. 3:
maps. If these resources are not available, use Evidence That a Person Has Holy Spirit
maps published in The Watchtower to assist you in rs p. 381 - p. 382 Spirit
your Bible reading.
What gives evidence that a person really has
In the Hebrew Scriptures, King David extolled the holy spirit, or “the Holy Ghost” (KJ)?
Jehovah, saying: “How precious your thoughts are!
Luke 4:18, 31-35: “[Jesus read from the scroll of
O God, how much does the grand sum of them
the prophet Isaiah:] ‘Jehovah’s spirit is upon me,
amount to!” (Ps. 139:17) In the Christian Greek
because he anointed me to declare good news’ . . .
Scriptures, the apostle Paul praised Jehovah
And he went down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee.
because He “has shone on our hearts to illuminate
And he was teaching them on the sabbath; and
them with the glorious knowledge of God by the
they were astounded at his way of teaching,
face of Christ." (2 Cor. 4:6) David and Paul lived
because his speech was with authority. Now in the
centuries apart; yet, they both delighted in God’s
synagogue there was a man with a spirit, an
Word. So can you if you take the time to read all
unclean demon, and he shouted with a loud voice .
that Jehovah has given you in the pages of his
. . But Jesus rebuked it, saying: ‘Be silent, and
come out of him.’ So, after throwing the man down
[Box on page 11] in their midst, the demon came out of him without
MAKE A SUCCESS OF DAILY BIBLE READING hurting him.” (What gave evidence that Jesus had
A major part of the education offered in the God’s spirit? The account does not say that he
Theocratic Ministry School centers on the program trembled or shouted or moved about in a fervor.
of Bible reading. We urge you to share in it. Rather, it says he spoke with authority. It is
A modest portion of the Bible is scheduled for noteworthy, however, that on that occasion a
personal reading and for discussion in the school demonic spirit did move a man to shout and fall
each week. This will progressively take you onto the floor.)
through the entire Bible.
Acts 1:8 says that when Jesus’ followers
In order to make daily Bible reading a part of your
received holy spirit they would be witnesses about
life, set aside a regular time for it—perhaps early in
him. According to Acts 2:1-11, when they did
the morning, at noontime, at suppertime, or before
receive that spirit, observers were impressed by
you go to bed. Just reading snatches of it during
the fact that, although the ones speaking were all
the day when you happen to have time will not
Galileans, they were speaking about the
magnificent things of God in languages that were
If you are a family head, show personal interest
familiar to the many foreigners who were present.
by helping family members to develop a good
But the record does not say that there were any
routine. Doing some Bible reading as a family may
emotional outbursts on the part of those who
encourage family members to pursue daily Bible
received the spirit.
reading on a personal basis.
Daily Bible reading requires self-discipline. You It is noteworthy that when Elizabeth received
are not born with a desire for it. You need to “form a the holy spirit and then gave voice to “a loud cry”
longing” for God’s Word. (1 Pet. 2:2) As you she was not in a meeting for worship but was
cultivate the habit, your spiritual appetite will grow. greeting a visiting relative. (Luke 1:41, 42) When,
Then you may find that you want to broaden out by as reported at Acts 4:31, holy spirit came upon an
undertaking special projects of Bible reading and assembly of disciples, the place was shaken, but
study to deepen your understanding and the effect of that spirit on the disciples was, not that
appreciation for the spiritual riches that Jehovah they trembled or rolled about, but that they ‘spoke
has made available to us. the word of God with boldness. ’ Likewise today,
When you do your Bible reading, take time to boldness in speaking the word of God, zealously
ponder the meaning of what you read—what it tells engaging in the work of witnessing—these are
you about Jehovah, how it can influence your life what give evidence that a person has holy spirit.
beneficially, and how you can use it to help others. Gal. 5:22, 23: “The fruitage of the spirit is love, joy,
peace, long-suffering, kindness, goodness, faith,
No. 2 mildness, self-control." (It is this fruitage, rather
(Nehemiah 5:1-13) than outbursts of religious fervor, that one should
look for when seeking to find people who truly have
"Safeguard Your Heart" (Prov. 4:23)
Feb. 13 explain these to you. The dictionary will show you
Song 159 where to place the primary stress in a word that is
Bible reading: Nehemiah 9-11 made up of more than one syllable and where to
Speech Quality: Ways to Improve Pronunciation place the secondary stress in a longer word. It will
(be p. 90 ¶ 3-p. 92) show what sounds to use for the vowels and the
No. 1: Learning Peace Instead of War (w041/1 p. 6 consonants in a given word. In some instances, a
¶ 8-p. 7 ¶ 5) word may be pronounced in more than one way,
No. 2: Nehemiah 10:28-37 depending on the setting in which it is used.
No. 3: Evidence That Jehovah Loves Us Whatever word you look up, say it aloud several
No. 4: There Is No Spirit Part of Man That Survives times before you close the dictionary.
Death (rs p. 382 ¶ 5-p. 383 ¶ 2)
A second way that pronunciation can be
improved is by reading to someone
Speech Quality else—someone who pronounces words well—and
Ways to Improve Pronunciation asking him to correct your mistakes.
be study 3 Correct Pronunciation
A third way to improve pronunciation is by
In everyday speech it is usually best to employ listening carefully to good speakers. If
words with which you are well acquainted. audiocassettes of the New World Translation or
Ordinarily, pronunciation will not be a problem in the Watchtower and Awake! magazines are
general conversation. However, when you read available, make good use of these. As you listen,
aloud, you may encounter some words that you do take note of the words that are being pronounced
not use in daily speech. And Jehovah’s Witnesses differently from the way you would do it. Write
do a great deal of oral reading. We read the Bible these down, and practice them. In time, your
to people when we witness to them. Some brothers speech will be free of the blemishes of
are called on to read the paragraphs during the mispronunciation, and this will greatly enhance
Watchtower Study or at the Congregation Book your speaking.
Study. It is important that we read accurately and
that we do not detract from the message by HOW TO IMPROVE PRONUNCIATION
Learn to make good use of a
Do you find that some proper names in the Bible dictionary.
are difficult to pronounce? In English, a stress
mark follows the syllable that should be given Ask someone who reads well to listen
primary stress. If the accented syllable ends in a to you and offer counsel.
vowel, then the vowel is long in its pronunciation. If Take note of pronunciation used by
a syllable ends in a consonant, then the vowel in good speakers; compare your own
that syllable is short in its pronunciation. When the with theirs.
two vowels a and i are combined, as in Mordecai EXERCISE: Check pronunciation of any
and Sinai, the ai is pronounced simply as a long i. unfam-iliar words in Psalm 83 or in a portion of the
With the exception of the name Rachel, the ch Bible that presents a particular challenge to you.
combination of letters is given a hard k sound, as in Use a dictionary or consult with someone who
Melchizedek. knows the language well. Take note of which
Ways to Improve. Many who have a problem syllables should be stressed in proper names in
with pronunciation are not aware of it. If your these verses; say each of those names aloud.
school overseer points out aspects of your Then read the entire section aloud.
pronunciation that need attention, appreciate his
kindness. Once you know the problem, how can No. 1:
you make improvement? Learning Peace Instead of War
w04 1/1 An End to War
First of all, when you have an assignment to
read aloud, take time to consult a dictionary. Look Lasting peace can never be established while
up the words you do not know. If you are not people are learning to kill. Many centuries ago, the
experienced in using a dictionary, turn to the prophet Isaiah wrote: “If only you would actually
opening pages for an explanation of the symbols pay attention to [God’s] commandments! Then
that are used or, if necessary, ask someone to your peace would become just like a river." (Isaiah
48:17, 18) When people acquire accurate Apart from providing education, God has
knowledge about God’s Word and learn to love established a government, or “kingdom,” capable
God’s law, violence and war become repulsive to of ensuring worldwide peace. Significantly, the
them. Even now, parents can make sure that the Bible describes God’s chosen Ruler, Jesus Christ,
games their children play do not encourage as the “Prince of Peace." It further assures us that
violence. Adults can also learn to overcome hatred “to the abundance of the princely rule and to peace
and greed. Jehovah’s Witnesses have discovered there will be no end."—Isaiah 9:6, 7.
time and again that God’s Word has the power to
What guarantee do we have that Christ’s rule
change personalities. —Hebrews 4:12.
will successfully eliminate every kind of war? The
Consider the example of Hortêncio. He was a prophet Isaiah adds: “The very zeal of Jehovah of
young man when he against his will was recruited armies will do this." (Isaiah 9:7) God has the will
to become a soldier. Military training was designed and the means to preserve lasting peace. Jesus
to “inculcate in us the desire to kill other people and has every confidence in this promise. That is why
not to have any fear of killing,” he explains. He he taught his followers to pray for God’s Kingdom
fought in a drawn-out civil war in Africa. “The war to come and for God’s will to be done on earth.
affected my personality,” he admits. “Even today I (Matthew 6:9, 10) When that sincere request is
still remember everything I did. I feel very bad finally answered, war will never again blight the
about what I was forced to do." surface of the earth.
When a fellow soldier spoke to Hortêncio about [Footnote]
the Bible, it touched his heart. God’s promise at For an examination of the evidence that we are
Psalm 46:9 to bring an end to all forms of war living in the last days, see chapter 11 of the book
impressed him. The more he studied the Bible, the Knowledge That Leads to Everlasting Life,
less he wanted to fight. Before long, he and two of published by Jehovah’s Witnesses.
his companions were expelled from the army, and
they dedicated their lives to Jehovah God. “Bible No. 2
truth helped me to have love for my enemy,” (Nehemiah 10:28-37)
Hortêncio explains. “I saw that by fighting in the
war, I was actually sinning against Jehovah, for No. 3:
God says that we should not kill our neighbor. To Evidence That Jehovah Loves Us
show this love, I had to change my way of thinking
and not view people as my enemies." No. 4:
There Is No Spirit Part of Man That Survives
Such true-life experiences illustrate that Bible
education indeed promotes peace. This is not
rs p. 382 - p. 384 Spirit
surprising. The prophet Isaiah stated that there is a
direct relationship between divine education and Is there a spirit part of man that survives the
peace. He foretold: “All your sons will be persons death of the body?
taught by Jehovah, and the peace of your sons will
Ezek. 18:4: “The soul that is sinning—it itself will
be abundant." (Isaiah 54:13) The same prophet
die." (RS, NE, KJ, and Dy all render the Hebrew
foresaw a time when people of all nations would
word nephesh in this verse as “soul,” thus saying
stream to the pure worship of Jehovah God to
that it is the soul that dies. Some translations that
learn of his ways. With what result? “They will have
render nephesh as “soul” in other passages use
to beat their swords into plowshares and their
the expression “the man” or “the one” in this verse.
spears into pruning shears. Nation will not lift up
So, the nephesh, the soul, is the person, not an
sword against nation, neither will they learn war
immaterial part of him that survives when his body
dies.) (See the main heading “Soul” for further
In harmony with that prophecy, Jehovah’s details.)
Witnesses are engaged in a worldwide educational
Ps. 146:4: “His spirit goes out, he goes back to
work that has already helped millions to overcome
his ground; in that day his thoughts do perish."
the hatred that is at the root of man’s wars.
(The Hebrew word here translated “spirit” is a
A Guarantee for World Peace derivative of ruach. Some translators render it
“breath." When that ruach, or active life-force,
leaves the body, the person’s thoughts perish; they
do not continue in another realm.)
Eccl. 3:19-21: “There is an eventuality as
respects the sons of mankind and an eventuality
as respects the beast, and they have the same
eventuality. As the one dies, so the other dies; and
they all have but one spirit, so that there is no
superiority of the man over the beast, for
everything is vanity. All are going to one place.
They have all come to be from the dust, and they
are all returning to the dust. Who is there knowing
the spirit of the sons of mankind, whether it is
ascending upward; and the spirit of the beast,
whether it is descending downward to the earth?”
(Because of the inheritance of sin and death from
Adam, humans all die and return to the dust, as
animals do. But does each human have a spirit that
goes on living as an intelligent personality after it
ceases to function in the body? No; verse 19
answers that humans and beasts “all have but one
spirit." Based merely on human observation, no
one can authoritatively answer the question raised
in verse 21 regarding the spirit. But God’s Word
answers that there is nothing that humans have as
a result of birth that gives them superiority over
beasts when they die. However, because of God’s
merciful provision through Christ, the prospect of
living forever has been opened up to humans who
exercise faith, but not to animals. For many of
mankind, that will be made possible by
resurrection, when active life-force from God will
invigorate them again.)
Luke 23:46: “Jesus called with a loud voice and
said: ‘Father, into your hands I entrust my spirit
[Greek, pneuma]. ’ When he had said this, he
expired." (Notice that Jesus expired. When his
spirit went out he was not on his way to heaven.
Not until the third day from this was Jesus
resurrected from the dead. Then, as Acts 1:3, 9
shows, it was 40 more days before he ascended to
heaven. So, what is the meaning of what Jesus
said at the time of his death? He was saying that
he knew that, when he died, his future life
prospects rested entirely with God. For further
comments regarding the ‘spirit that returns to God,’
see page 378, under the heading “Soul.")
Feb. 20 hesitate as he gropes for the right words. (6) If too
Song 118 many words are emphasized, fluency may be
Bible reading: Nehemiah 12-13 impaired. (7) Lack of familiarity with rules of
Speech Quality: Fluent Delivery (be p. 93 ¶ 1-p. grammar may contribute to the problem.
94 ¶ 3)
If you lack fluency, the audience in a Kingdom
No. 1: Nehemiah - Why Beneficial (si pp. 90-1 ¶
Hall will not literally walk out, but their minds may
wander. As a result, much of what you say may be
No. 2: Nehemiah 13:1-14
No. 3: Why It Is Impossible to Communicate With
the Dead (rs p. 384 ¶ 3-p. 385 ¶ 4) On the other hand, care must be exercised so
No. 4: * Violent Video Games Are Not for that speech that is meant to be forceful and fluent
Christians does not become overbearing, perhaps even
embarrassing to the audience. If because of
Speech Quality difference in cultural background, people view your
Fluent Delivery manner of speech as brash or as lacking in
be study 4 pp. 93-94 sincerity, that will defeat your purpose. It is
noteworthy that the apostle Paul, though an
What do you need to do? experienced speaker, approached the Corinthians
“in weakness and in fear and with much trembling”
Read and speak in such a manner that so that he would not attract needless attention to
your words and thoughts flow himself. —1 Cor. 2:3.
smoothly. When delivery is fluent,
speech is not jerky or painfully slow, Practices to Avoid. Many people have the
and there is no stumbling over words mannerism of inserting such expressions as
or groping for thoughts. “and-uh” when they speak. Others frequently start
a thought with “now,” or they tack a phrase, such
Why is it important? as “you know” or “you see,” on to whatever they
When a speaker lacks fluency, the are saying. Perhaps you are unaware of the
minds of the listeners may wander; frequency with which you use such expressions.
wrong ideas may be conveyed. What You might try a practice session in which someone
is said may lack persuasiveness. listens to you and repeats these expressions each
time you say them. You may be surprised.
WHEN reading aloud, do you stumble over
Some people read and speak with numerous
certain expressions? Or when you get up in front of
regressions. That is, they begin a sentence and
an audience to give a talk, do you find that you
then interrupt themselves midway and repeat at
often grope for the right words? If so, you may
least a portion of what they already said.
have a problem with fluency. A fluent person reads
Still others speak rapidly enough, but they start
and speaks in such a manner that words and
with one line of thought and then, mid-sentence,
thoughts flow smoothly, with apparent ease. This
shift to something else. Though words flow freely,
does not mean that he is constantly talking, that he
abrupt changes in thought impair fluency.
speaks very rapidly, or that he speaks without
thinking. His speech is pleasingly graceful. Fluency
is given special attention in the Theocratic Ministry
Nehemiah -- Why Beneficial
si Bible Book Number 16—Nehemiah
A variety of factors may contribute to lack of
fluency. Do you need to give special consideration
to any of the following? (1) When reading to others, Nehemiah’s godly devotion should be an
unfamiliarity with certain words may cause inspiration to all lovers of right worship. He left a
hesitancy. (2) Slight pauses in too many places favored position to become a humble overseer
may result in jerky delivery. (3) Lack of preparation among Jehovah’s people. He even refused the
may contribute to the problem. (4) In speaking material contribution that was his right, and he
before a group, a common factor in lack of fluency roundly condemned materialism as a snare. The
is failure to organize material in a logical manner. zealous pursuit and upkeep of Jehovah’s worship
(5) A limited vocabulary may cause a person to was what Nehemiah advocated for the entire
nation. (5:14, 15; 13:10-13) Nehemiah was a servants to fight courageously for Kingdom
splendid example to us in being entirely unselfish interests and to be busy in building true worship
and discreet, a man of action, fearless for throughout the earth.
righteousness in the face of danger. (4:14, 19, 20;
6:3, 15) He had the proper fear of God and was
interested in building up his fellow servants in the Insight on the Scriptures, Vol. 2, pages 613-16.
faith. (13:14; 8:9) He vigorously applied the law of Insight on the Scriptures, Vol. 2, pages 899-901.
Jehovah, especially as it related to true worship Some Jewish historians claim that this grandson of
and the rejection of foreign influences, such as Eliashib was named Manasseh and that, with his
marriages with pagans. —13:8, 23-29. father-in-law, Sanballat, he built the temple on
Throughout the book it is evident that Mount Gerizim, which became the center of
Nehemiah had a good knowledge of Jehovah’s Samaritan worship and at which he officiated as
law, and he made good use of this. He invoked priest during his lifetime. Gerizim is the mountain
God’s blessing because of Jehovah’s promise at referred to by Jesus at John 4:21. —The Second
Deuteronomy 30:1-4, having full faith that Jehovah Temple in Jerusalem, 1908, W. Shaw Caldecott,
would act loyally on his behalf. (Neh. 1:8, 9) He pages 252-5; see The Watchtower, July 15, 1960,
arranged numerous assemblies, principally to pages 425-6.
acquaint the Jews with the things written aforetime.
In their reading of the Law, Nehemiah and Ezra No. 2
were diligent to make God’s Word plain to the (Nehemiah 13:1-14)
people and to follow through by applying it. —8:8,
13-16; 13:1-3. No. 3:
18 Why It Is Impossible to Communicate With the
Nehemiah’s complete reliance on Jehovah
and his humble petitions should encourage us to
rs p. 384 - p. 385 Spiritism
develop a like attitude of prayerful dependence on
God. Note how his prayers glorified God, showed Is it really possible for a human to
recognition of the sins of his people, and petitioned communicate with the “spirit” of a dead loved
that Jehovah’s name be sanctified. (1:4-11; 4:14; one?
6:14; 13:14, 29, 31) That this zealous overseer Eccl. 9:5, 6, 10: “The living are conscious that
was a power for strength among God’s people was they will die; but as for the dead, they are
shown by the readiness with which they followed conscious of nothing at all . . . Also, their love and
his wise direction and the joy that they found in their hate and their jealousy have already
doing God’s will along with him. An inspiring perished, and they have no portion anymore to
example indeed! However, in the absence of a time indefinite in anything that has to be done
wise overseer, how quickly materialism, under the sun. All that your hand finds to do, do
corruption, and outright apostasy crept in! Surely with your very power, for there is no work nor
this should impress on all overseers among God’s devising nor knowledge nor wisdom in Sheol [the
people today the need to be alive, alert, zealous for grave], the place to which you are going."
the interests of their Christian brothers, and
understanding and firm in leading them in the ways Ezek. 18:4, 20: “The soul that is sinning—it itself
of true worship. will die." (So the soul is not something that survives
19 the death of the body and with which living humans
Nehemiah showed strong reliance on God’s can thereafter communicate.)
Word. Not only was he a zealous teacher of the
Scriptures but he also used them in establishing Ps. 146:4: “His spirit goes out, he goes back to
the genealogical inheritances and the service of his ground; in that day his thoughts do perish."
the priests and Levites among God’s restored (When the spirit is said to ‘go out’ of the body, this
people. (Neh. 1:8; 11:1–12:26; Josh. 14:1–21:45) is merely another way of saying that the life-force
This must have been of great encouragement to has ceased to be active. Thus, after a person dies,
the Jewish remnant. It strengthened their his spirit does not exist as an immaterial being that
confidence in the grand promises previously given can think and carry out plans apart from the body.
concerning the Seed and the greater restoration to It is not something with which the living can
come under His Kingdom. It is hope in the communicate after a person’s death.)
Kingdom restoration that stimulates God’s
See also pages 100-102, under the heading
* Violent Video Games Are Not for Christians
Feb. 27 In conversation, fluency requires that you think
Song 215 before you speak. Make that a practice in your
Bible reading: Esther 1-5 everyday activity. Decide what ideas you want to
Speech Quality: How to Improve Fluency convey and the order in which you are going to
(be p. 94 ¶ 4-p. 96 ¶ 3, except box on p. 95) state them; then start talking. Do not rush.
Endeavor to express a complete thought without
Oral Review stopping or changing ideas in midstream. You may
find it helpful to use short, simple sentences.
Speech Quality Words should come naturally if you know
How to Improve Fluency exactly what you want to say. Generally speaking,
be study 4 Fluent Delivery it is not necessary to select the words that you will
How to Improve. If your problem is that you use. In fact, for the sake of practice, it is better just
often grope for the right word, you need to make a to make certain that the idea is clear in your mind
concerted effort to build up your vocabulary. Take and then to think of the words as you go. If you do
special note of words that are unfamiliar to you in and if you keep your mind on the idea rather than
The Watchtower, Awake!, and other publications on the words that you are speaking, the words will
that you may be reading. Look these up in a come more or less automatically, and your
dictionary, check their pronunciation and their thoughts will be expressed as you really feel them.
meaning, and add some of these words to your But as soon as you begin to think of words rather
vocabulary. If no dictionary is available to you, ask than ideas, your speech may become halting. With
for help from someone who speaks the language practice, you can succeed in developing fluency,
well. an important quality in effective speaking and
Making it a practice to read aloud regularly will
contribute to improvement. Take note of difficult When assigned to represent Jehovah to the
words, and say these aloud several times. nation of Israel and before Pharaoh of Egypt,
Moses felt that he was not capable. Why? He was
In order to read fluently, it is necessary to not a fluent speaker; he may have had a speech
understand how words work together in a impediment. (Ex. 4:10; 6:12) Moses offered
sentence. Usually words need to be read in groups excuses, but none of these were accepted by God.
in order to convey the thought being expressed by Jehovah sent Aaron along as a spokesman, but He
the writer. Take special note of these word also helped Moses to speak. Repeatedly and
groupings. If it will help you, mark them. Your effectively, Moses spoke not only to individuals
objective is not merely to read words correctly but and to small groups but to the entire nation. (Deut.
also to convey thoughts clearly. After you analyze 1:1-3; 5:1; 29:2; 31:1, 2, 30; 33:1) If you
one sentence, go on to the next until you have conscientiously do your part while trusting in
studied the entire paragraph. Become familiar with Jehovah, you too can use your speech to honor
the flow of thought. Then practice reading aloud. God.
Read the paragraph repeatedly until you can do it
without stumbling and without pausing in the wrong HOW TO ACHIEVE IT
places. Then go on to other paragraphs.
When reading magazines and books,
Next, increase your pace. If you have come to mark new words, find out exactly what
appreciate how words within a sentence work they mean, and then use them.
together, you will be able to see more than one
word at a time and to anticipate what should come Practice reading aloud at least five to
next. This will contribute much to the effectiveness ten minutes each day.
of your reading. Prepare reading assignments
Making a regular practice of sight-reading can thoroughly. Take special note of
be valuable training. For example, without doing thought-conveying word groups.
advance preparation, read the day’s text and Become familiar with the flow of
comments aloud; do it on a regular basis. Become thought.
accustomed to allowing your eye to take in words
as groups expressing complete thoughts rather
than seeing just one word at a time.
In daily conversation, learn to think first
and then to say complete sentences
EXERCISE: Carefully preview Judges 7:1-25,
studying one paragraph at a time. Be sure that you
understand what it says. Using a dictionary, check
unfamiliar words. Say each proper name aloud.
Then read the paragraph aloud; be careful to do it
accurately. When you feel comfortable with that
paragraph, go on to the next one, and so on. Then
read the entire chapter. Do it again, this time a little
faster. Do it once more, going even faster on
portions where appropriate—but not so fast that
Mar. 6 note, or show the person something in printed
Song 74 form.
Bible reading: Esther 6-10
Speech Quality: Coping With Stuttering (be p. 95, No. 1
box) Introduction To Esther & Why Beneficial
No. 1: Introduction to Esther and Why Beneficial (si
pp. 91-4 ¶ 1-6, 16-18) si pp. 91-92 Bible Book Number 17—Esther
No. 2: Esther 6:1-10 Writer: Mordecai
No. 3: A Mild Answer Can Turn Away Rage Places Written: Shushan, Elam
No. 4: Why True Christians Reject All Spiritistic Writing Completed: c. 475 B. C. E.
Practices (rs p. 385 ¶ 5-p. 387 ¶ 3) Time Covered: 493-c. 475 B. C. E.
Speech Quality SIMPLY told, here is the story of Ahasuerus,
Coping With Stuttering king of Persia, thought by some to be Xerxes I,
be study 4 p. 95 Fluent Delivery whose disobedient wife Vashti is replaced by the
Jewess Esther, cousin of Mordecai. The Agagite
[Box on page 95] Haman plots the death of Mordecai and all the
COPING WITH STUTTERING Jews, but he is hung on his own stake, while
Many factors may contribute to stuttering. Mordecai is advanced to be prime minister and the
Therapies that bring relief to some people may not Jews are delivered.
work as well for others. But to experience the joy of
success, it is important to keep on trying. Of course, there are those who want to say
Does the idea of giving a comment at a meeting that the book of Esther is neither inspired nor
give rise to fear, even panic? Pray to Jehovah for beneficial but is simply a beautiful legend. They
his help. (Phil. 4:6, 7) Focus your thoughts on base their claim on the absence of God’s name.
honoring Jehovah and helping others. Do not While it is true that God is not directly mentioned, in
expect the problem to disappear altogether, but the Hebrew text there appear to be four separate
observe how you are helped to cope with it. As you instances of an acrostic of the Tetragrammaton,
experience Jehovah’s blessing and the the initial letters of four successive words, spelling
encouragement of your brothers, you will want to out YHWH (Hebrew, ), or Jehovah. These
do more. initials are made especially prominent in at least
The Theocratic Ministry School affords three ancient Hebrew manuscripts and are also
opportunity for you to gain experience in speaking marked in the Masora by red letters. Also, at
before a group. You may be surprised at how well Esther 7:5 there is apparently an acrostic on the
you do before a small group that is supportive and divine pronouncement “I shall prove to be."—See
wants you to succeed. This can help you to gain footnotes on Esther 1:20; 5:4, 13; 7:7, as well as
confidence to speak under other conditions. 7:5.
If you are going to give a talk, prepare well. 3
Throughout the record it is strongly evident
Become engrossed in your delivery. Speak with that Mordecai both accepted and obeyed the law of
appropriate feeling. If you begin to stutter while Jehovah. He refused to bow down to honor a man
speaking, then, as much as possible, keep your who probably was an Amalekite; God had marked
voice and manner calm. Relax the muscles of your the Amalekites for extermination. (Esther 3:1, 5;
jaw. Use short sentences. Minimize the use of Deut. 25:19; 1 Sam. 15:3) Mordecai’s expression
interjections, such as “um” and “ah." at Esther 4:14 indicates that he expected
Having identified words that caused a problem in deliverance from Jehovah and that he had faith in
the past, some who are coping with stuttering divine direction of the entire course of events.
avoid these and instead use words that have Esther’s fasting, together with similar action by the
similar meaning. Others favor identifying the other Jews, for three days before she went in to the
speech sounds that give them the most difficulty king shows reliance on God. (Esther 4:16) God’s
and practicing these again and again. maneuvering of events is also suggested in
If you stutter when engaging in conversation, do Esther’s finding favor in the eyes of Hegai, the
not give up in your effort to communicate. You may guardian of the women, and in the king’s
want to encourage the other person to talk until you sleeplessness on the night that he called for the
are able to proceed. If necessary, simply write a official records and found that Mordecai had not
been honored for his past good deed. (Esther 2:8, events of Esther immediately after they took place,
9; 6:1-3; compare Proverbs 21:1.) There is that is, about 475 B. C. E.
undoubtedly a reference to prayer in the words,
“the matters of the fasts and their cry for si p. 94 Bible Book Number 17—Esther
Many facts establish the record as authentic 16
While no other Bible writer makes any direct
and factual. It was accepted by the Jewish people,
quotation from Esther, the book is completely in
who called the book simply the Meghillah, meaning
harmony with the rest of the inspired Scriptures. In
“roll; scroll." It appears to have been included in the
fact, it provides some splendid illustrations of Bible
Hebrew canon by Ezra, who would certainly have
principles that are stated later in the Christian
rejected a fable. To this day, the Jews keep the
Greek Scriptures and that apply to Jehovah’s
feast of Purim, or Lots, in celebration of the great
worshipers in all ages. A study of the following
deliverance in Esther’s time. The book presents
passages will not only show this to be so but will be
Persian manners and customs in a lifelike way and
upbuilding to Christian faith: Esther
in harmony with the known facts of history and
4:5—Philippians 2:4; Esther 9:22—Galatians 2:10.
archaeological discoveries. For example, the book
The charge made against the Jews, that they did
of Esther accurately describes the way Persians
not obey the king’s laws, is similar to the charge
honored a man. (6:8) Archaeological excavations
raised against the early Christians. (Esther 3:8, 9;
have revealed that the descriptions of the king’s
Acts 16:21; 25:7) True servants of Jehovah meet
palace as given in the book of Esther are exact to
such charges fearlessly and with prayerful reliance
the smallest detail. —5:1, 2.
on divine power to deliver, after the splendid
This exactness is also to be noted in the pattern of Mordecai, Esther, and their fellow Jews.
account itself, in its careful naming of court officials —Esther 4:16; 5:1, 2; 7:3-6; 8:3-6; 9:1, 2.
and attendants, giving even the names of Haman’s 17
As Christians, we should not think that our
ten sons. The lineage of Mordecai and Esther is
situation is different from that of Mordecai and
traced back to Kish of the tribe of Benjamin. (2:5-7)
Esther. We too live under “the superior authorities”
References are made to the official records of the
in an alien world. It is our desire to be law-abiding
Persian government. (2:23; 6:1; 10:2) The
citizens in whatever country we reside, but at the
language of the book is late Hebrew, with many
same time, we want to draw the line correctly
Persian and Aramaic words and expressions
between ‘paying back Caesar’s things to Caesar
added, which style matches that of Chronicles,
and God’s things to God. ’ (Rom. 13:1; Luke 20:25)
Ezra, and Nehemiah, thus harmonizing completely
Prime Minister Mordecai and Queen Esther set
with the period in which it was written.
6 good examples of devotion and obedience in their
It is thought that the events of Esther are set in
secular duties. (Esther 2:21-23; 6:2, 3, 10; 8:1, 2;
the days when the mighty Persian empire was at
10:2) However, Mordecai fearlessly drew the line
its peak and that they cover about 18 years of the
at obeying the royal command to bow low before
reign of Ahasuerus (Xerxes I). The time period,
the despicable Agagite, Haman. Moreover, he saw
extending down to about 475 B. C. E. , is indicated
to it that appeal was made to seek legal redress
by testimony from Greek, Persian, and Babylonian
when Haman conspired to destroy the Jews.
sources. Mordecai, eyewitness and a major
—3:1-4; 5:9; 4:6-8.
character in the account, was most likely the writer 18
All the evidence points to the book of Esther as
of the book; the intimate and detailed account
being part of the Holy Bible, “inspired of God and
shows that the writer must have lived through
beneficial." Even without directly mentioning God
these events in Shushan the palace. Though he is
or his name, it provides us sterling examples of
not mentioned in any other Bible book, there is no
faith. Mordecai and Esther were no mere figments
question that Mordecai was an actual individual of
of some storyteller’s imagination, but they were
history. Interestingly, an undated cuneiform text
real servants of Jehovah God, persons who placed
has been found that is described by A. Ungnad of
implicit confidence in Jehovah’s power to save.
Germany as referring to Mardukâ (Mordecai?) as a
Though they lived under “superior authorities” in a
high official at the court of Susa (Shushan) during
foreign land, they used every legal means to
the reign of Xerxes I. It was there at Shushan that
defend the interests of God’s people and their
Mordecai no doubt completed the record of the
worship. We today can follow their examples in
“the defending and legally establishing of the good
news” of God’s Kingdom of deliverance. —Phil. loose conduct, idolatry, practice of spiritism . . . As
1:7. to these things I am forewarning you, the same
way as I did forewarn you, that those who practice
No. 2 such things will not inherit God’s kingdom."
(Esther 6:1-10) (Resorting to spiritism for help means that a person
believes Satan’s lies about death; he is seeking
No. 3: advice from people who endeavor to draw power
A Mild Answer Can Turn Away Rage from Satan and his demons. Such a person thus
identifies himself with those who are avowed
No. 4: enemies of Jehovah God. Instead of being truly
Why True Christians Reject All Spiritistic helped, anyone persisting in such a course suffers
Practices lasting harm.)
rs p. 385 - p. 387 Spiritism
Luke 9:24: “Whoever wants to save his soul [or,
With whom are those who endeavor life] will lose it; but whoever loses his soul for my
to speak with the dead actually sake [because he is a follower of Jesus Christ] is
communicating? the one that will save it." (If a person deliberately
violates the clearly stated commands of God’s
The truth about the condition of the
Word in an endeavor to safeguard or preserve his
dead is clearly stated in the Bible. But
present life, he will lose out on the prospect of
who tried to deceive the first human
eternal life. How foolish!)
pair about death? Satan contradicted
God’s warning that disobedience 2 Cor. 11:14, 15: “Satan himself keeps
would bring death. (Gen. 3:4; Rev. transforming himself into an angel of light. It is
12:9) In time, of course, it became therefore nothing great if his ministers also keep
obvious that humans did die as God transforming themselves into ministers of
said they would. Reasonably, then, righteousness." (So we should not be misled when
who was responsible for inventing the some of the things done by spiritistic means seem
idea that humans really do not die but to be temporarily of benefit.)
that some spirit part of man survives
See also pages 156-160, under “Healing. ”
the death of the body? Such a
deception fits Satan the Devil, whom Is it wise to resort to spiritistic means to learn
Jesus described as “the father of the what the future holds or to assure oneself of
lie." (John 8:44; see also 2 success in some undertaking?
Thessalonians 2:9, 10.) Belief that the Isa. 8:19: “In case they should say to you
dead are really alive in another realm people: ‘Apply to the spiritistic mediums or to those
and that we can communicate with having a spirit of prediction who are chirping and
them has not benefited mankind. On making utterances in low tones,’ is it not to its God
the contrary, Revelation 18:23 says that any people should apply?”
that, by means of the spiritistic
practices of Babylon the Great, “all the Lev. 19:31: “Do not turn yourselves to the spirit
nations were misled." The spiritistic mediums, and do not consult professional
practice of ‘talking with the dead’ is foretellers of events, so as to become unclean by
actually a fraudulent deception that them. I am Jehovah your God."
can put people in contact with the 2 Ki. 21:6: “[King Manasseh] practiced magic and
demons (angels that became selfish looked for omens and made spirit mediums and
rebels against God) and often leads to professional foretellers of events. He did on a large
a person’s hearing unwanted voices scale what was bad in Jehovah’s eyes, to offend
and being harassed by those wicked him." (Such spiritistic practices actually involved
spirits. turning to Satan and his demons for help. No
wonder it was “bad in Jehovah’s eyes,” and he
Is there harm in seeking healing or protection brought severe punishment upon Manasseh for it.
by spiritistic means?
But when he repented and gave up these bad
Gal. 5:19-21: “The works of the flesh are practices, he was blessed by Jehovah.)
manifest, and they are fornication, uncleanness,
Mar. 13 you read or may even result in distorting the
Song 160 meaning of the text.
Bible reading: Job 1-5
In addition to punctuation, the way thoughts are
Speech Quality: Pausing for Punctuation and for
expressed within a sentence has a bearing on
Change of Thought (be p. 97 ¶ 1-p. 98 ¶ 5)
where pauses are appropriate. A famous musician
No. 1: Introduction to Job (si pp. 95-6 ¶ 1-6)
once said: “The notes I handle no better than many
No. 2: Job 2:1-13
pianists. But the pauses between the notes, ah,
No. 3: Do Not Be Curious About Demonic Powers
that is where the art resides." It is similar with
(rs p. 387 ¶ 4-p. 388 ¶ 2)
speaking. Appropriate use of pausing will add
No. 4: Why True Christians Avoid Murmuring
beauty and meaning to your well-prepared
Pausing for Punctuation and for Change of In preparing to read publicly, you may find it
Thought helpful to mark the printed material from which you
be study 5 pp. 97-98 Appropriate Pausing will read. Draw a small vertical line where a brief
pause, perhaps just a hesitation, is to be inserted.
What do you need to do? Use two closely spaced vertical lines for a longer
pause. If you find that certain wording is awkward
Make complete stops at appropriate for you and you repeatedly pause in the wrong
stages of your delivery. At times, you place, make pencil marks to tie together all the
may pause very briefly or simply allow words that make up the difficult phrase. Then read
the voice to fade momentarily. The the phrase from beginning to end. Many
pause is appropriate if it serves a experienced speakers do this.
Pausing in everyday speech usually does not
Why is it important? present a problem because you know the ideas
Proper use of pausing is an important that you want to convey. However, if you have the
factor in speech that can readily be mannerism of pausing at regular intervals
understood. Pausing also makes regardless of what the thought requires, your
important points stand out. speech will lack force and clarity. Suggestions for
improvement are given in Study 4, “Fluent
IN SPEECH, properly placed pauses are Delivery."
important. This is true whether you are delivering a
Pause for Change of Thought. When you are
discourse or speaking with an individual. Without
making a transition from one main point to another,
such pauses, what is said may sound like babble
a pause can give your audience an opportunity to
instead of clear expression of thought. Appropriate
reflect, to adjust, to recognize the change in
pausing helps to impart clarity to your speech. It
direction, and to grasp more clearly the next
can also be used in such a way that your main
thought presented. It is just as important for you to
points will make a lasting impression.
pause when changing from one idea to another as
How can you determine when you should it is for you to slow down when turning the corner
pause? How long should pauses be? from one street into another.
Pause to Punctuate. Punctuation has become One reason why some speakers rush from one
an important part of written language. It may idea to the next without pausing is that they try to
indicate the end of a statement or a question. In cover too much material. For some, the habit
some languages it is used to set off quotations. reflects their everyday speech pattern. Perhaps
Some punctuation indicates the relationship of one everyone around them speaks in the same
part of a sentence to other parts. A person who manner. But that does not result in effective
reads to himself can see the punctuation marks. teaching. If you have something to say that is worth
But when he reads aloud for the benefit of others, hearing and worth remembering, then take enough
his voice must convey the meaning of whatever time to make the idea stand out clearly. Recognize
punctuation appears in the written material. (For that pauses are essential to speech that conveys
further details, see Study 1, “Accurate Reading.") ideas clearly.
Failure to pause when required by punctuation
may make it difficult for others to understand what
If you are going to give a talk from an outline, That the book of Job is authentic and inspired
your material should be organized in such a way is also proved in that the ancient Hebrews always
that it is obvious where to pause between main included it in their Bible canon, a fact remarkable in
points. If you will be reading a manuscript, mark that Job himself was not an Israelite. In addition to
the places where there is a change from one main the references by Ezekiel and James, the book is
point to the next. quoted by the apostle Paul. (Job 5:13; 1 Cor. 3:19)
Pauses for change of thought are usually longer Powerful proof of the book’s inspiration is given in
than pauses for punctuation—however, not so long its amazing harmony with the proved facts of the
that they make the delivery drag. If they are too sciences. How could it be known that Jehovah is
long, they give the impression that you are “hanging the earth upon nothing,” when the
ill-prepared and are trying to determine what to say ancients had the most fantastic notions as to how
next. the earth was supported? (Job 26:7) One view held
in ancient times was that the earth was supported
No. 1: by elephants standing on a large sea turtle. Why
Introduction To Job does the book of Job not reflect such nonsense?
Obviously because Jehovah the Creator supplied
si pp. 95-96 Bible Book Number 18—Job the truth by inspiration. The many other
Writer: Moses descriptions of the earth and its wonders and of the
Place Written: Wilderness wild animals and birds in their natural habitats are
Writing Completed: c. 1473 B. C. E. so accurate that only Jehovah God could be the
Time Covered: Over 140 years between 1657 Author and Inspirer of the book of Job.
and 1473 B. C. E. Job lived in Uz, located, according to some
geographers, in northern Arabia near the land
ONE of the oldest books of the inspired occupied by the Edomites and east of the land
Scriptures! A book that is held in the highest promised to Abraham’s offspring. The Sabeans
esteem and that is often quoted, yet one that is were on the south, the Chaldeans on the east. (1:1,
little understood by mankind. Why was this book 3, 15, 17) The time of Job’s trial was long after
written, and what value does it have for us today? Abraham’s day. It was at a time when there was
The answer is indicated in the meaning of Job’s “no one like [Job] in the earth, a man blameless
name: “Object of Hostility." Yes, this book takes up and upright." (1:8) This appears to be the period
two important questions: Why do the innocent between the death of Joseph (1657 B. C. E.), a
suffer? Why does God permit wickedness in the man of outstanding faith, and the time that Moses
earth? We have the record of Job’s suffering and entered upon his course of integrity. Job excelled
his great endurance for our consideration in in pure worship at this period of Israel’s
answering these questions. It has all been written contamination by the demon worship of Egypt.
down, just as Job requested. —Job 19:23, 24. Furthermore, the practices mentioned in the first
Job has become synonymous with patience chapter of Job, and God’s acceptance of Job as a
and endurance. But was there such a person as true worshiper, point to patriarchal times rather
Job? In spite of all the efforts of the Devil to remove than to the later period from 1513 B. C. E. on, when
this sterling example of integrity from the pages of God dealt exclusively with Israel under the Law.
history, the answer is clear. Job was an actual (Amos 3:2; Eph. 2:12) Thus, allowing for Job’s long
person! Jehovah names him along with His life, it appears that the book covers a period
witnesses Noah and Daniel, whose existence was between 1657 B. C. E. and 1473 B. C. E. , the year
accepted by Jesus Christ. (Ezek. 14:14, 20; of Moses’ death; the book was completed by
compare Matthew 24:15, 37.) The ancient Hebrew Moses sometime after Job’s death and while the
nation regarded Job as a real person. The Israelites were in the wilderness. —Job 1:8; 42:16,
Christian writer James points to Job’s example of 17.
endurance. (Jas. 5:11) Only a true-life example, Why do we say Moses was the writer? This is
not a fictitious one, would carry weight, convincing according to the oldest tradition, among both
worshipers of God that integrity can be maintained Jewish and early Christian scholars. The vigorous
under all circumstances. Moreover, the intensity authentic style of Hebrew poetry used in the book
and feeling of the speeches recorded in Job testify of Job makes it evident that it was an original
to the reality of the situation. composition in Hebrew, the language of Moses. It
could not have been a translation from another to foretell events, not as a result of research, but by
language such as Arabic. Also, the portions in the interpretation of omens or by the help of
prose bear stronger resemblance to the supernatural powers. Jehovah prohibited such
Pentateuch than to any other writings in the Bible. practices among his servants. Why? All these
The writer must have been an Israelite, as Moses practices are an invitation to communication with
was, because the Jews “were entrusted with the or possession by unclean spirits, or demons.
sacred pronouncements of God." (Rom. 3:1, 2) Engaging in such things would be gross
After he had reached maturity, Moses spent 40 unfaithfulness toward Jehovah.)
years in Midian, not far from Uz, where he could
Acts 16:16-18: “A certain servant girl with a
obtain the detailed information recorded in Job.
spirit, a demon of divination, met us. She used to
Later, when he passed near Job’s homeland
furnish her masters with much gain by practicing
during Israel’s 40-year wilderness journey, Moses
the art of prediction." (Obviously, no one who loves
could learn of and record the concluding details in
righteousness would consult such a source of
6 information, whether with serious intent or as a
According to The New Encyclopædia Britannica,
game. Paul tired of her crying out, and he ordered
the book of Job often is “counted among the
the spirit to come out of her.)
masterpieces of world literature." However, the
book is much more than a literary masterpiece. Job Are wicked spirits able to take on human form?
is outstanding among the books of the Bible in In the days of Noah, disobedient angels did take
exalting Jehovah’s power, justice, wisdom, and on human form. They actually married, and they
love. It reveals most clearly the primary issue fathered children. (Gen. 6:1-4) However, when the
before the universe. It illuminates much that is said Flood came, those angels were forced back into
in other books of the Bible, especially Genesis, the spirit realm. Regarding them, Jude 6 says:
Exodus, Ecclesiastes, Luke, Romans, and “The angels that did not keep their original position
Revelation. (Compare Job 1:6-12; 2:1-7 with but forsook their own proper dwelling place he has
Genesis 3:15; Exodus 9:16; Luke 22:31, 32; reserved with eternal bonds under dense darkness
Romans 9:16-19 and Revelation 12:9; also Job for the judgment of the great day." Not only did God
1:21; 24:15; 21:23-26; 28:28 respectively with abase them from their former heavenly privileges
Ecclesiastes 5:15; 8:11; 9:2, 3; 12:13.) It provides and consign them to dense darkness regarding
the answers to many of life’s questions. It is Jehovah’s purposes, but the reference to bonds
certainly an integral part of the inspired Word of indicates that he has restrained them. From what?
God, to which it contributes much in the way of Evidently, from taking on physical bodies so they
beneficial understanding. could have relations with women, as they had done
before the Flood. The Bible reports that faithful
No. 2 angels, as messengers of God, did materialize in
(Job 2:1-13) the performance of their duties down until the first
century C. E. But following the Flood, those angels
No. 3: that had misused their gifts were deprived of the
Do Not Be Curious About Demonic Powers ability to take on human form.
rs p. 387 - p. 388 Spiritism It is of interest, however, that demons apparently
What harm can there be in playing games that can cause humans to see visions, and what they
involve a form of divination or in seeking the see may appear to be real. When the Devil
meaning of something that seems to be an tempted Jesus, he evidently made use of such
omen of good? means in order to show Jesus “all the kingdoms of
the world and their glory."—Matt. 4:8.
Deut. 18:10-12: “There should not be found in
you anyone who . . . employs divination, a practicer
of magic or anyone who looks for omens or a
Why True Christians Avoid Murmuring
sorcerer, or one who binds others with a spell or
anyone who consults a spirit medium or a
professional foreteller of events or anyone who
inquires of the dead. For everybody doing these
things is something detestable to Jehovah."
(Divination seeks to disclose hidden knowledge or
Mar. 20 you pose questions that should make your
Song 214 audience think but then you fail to pause
Bible reading: Job 6-10 sufficiently, much of the value of those questions
Speech Quality: Pausing to Emphasize, Pausing will be lost.
to Listen (be p. 99 ¶ 1-p. 100 ¶ 4)
Of course, it is important to pause not only when
No. 1: The Superiority of Spiritual Values
speaking from a platform but also when witnessing
(w0410/15 p. 4 ¶ 2-p. 5 ¶ 3)
to others. Some people never seem to pause. If
No. 2: Job 7:1-21
that is your problem, put forth earnest effort to
No. 3: What It Means to Be Pure in Heart
cultivate this speech quality. You will improve in
No. 4: How to Break Free From Spiritistic Influence
your communication with others as well as in the
(rs p. 388 ¶ 3-p. 389 ¶ 4)
effectiveness of your ministry in the field. A pause
is a moment of silence, and it has truthfully been
Speech Quality said that silence punctuates, it emphasizes, it
Pausing to Emphasize, Pausing to Listen commands attention, and it refreshes the ear.
be study 5 Appropriate Pausing
Everyday conversation involves a two-way flow
Pause for Emphasis. A pause for emphasis is of thoughts. Others are more inclined to listen to
often a dramatic one, that is, one that precedes or you when you listen to them and show interest in
follows a statement or a question delivered with a what they say. This requires that you pause long
measure of intensity. Such a pause gives the enough to give them opportunity to express
audience opportunity to reflect on what has just themselves.
been said, or it creates expectancy for what is to
follow. These are not the same. Decide which is In the field ministry, our witnessing is often more
the appropriate method to use. But keep in mind effective when it is done in the form of
that pauses for emphasis should be limited to truly conversation. After an exchange of greetings,
significant statements. Otherwise, the value of many Witnesses find it good to identify their
those statements will be lost. subject and then pose a question. They pause to
give the other person opportunity to reply, and then
When Jesus read aloud from the Scriptures in they acknowledge what the householder said.
the synagogue of Nazareth, he made effective use During the discussion, they may give the
of the pause. First, he read his commission from householder a number of opportunities to
the scroll of the prophet Isaiah. However, before comment. They know that they can usually do
applying it, he rolled the scroll up, handed it back to more to help a person if they know his views on the
the attendant, and sat down. Then, with the eyes of matter being discussed. —Prov. 20:5.
all in the synagogue intently fixed on him, he said:
“Today this scripture that you just heard is Of course, not everyone will respond to
fulfilled."—Luke 4:16-21. questions in a favorable way. But that did not deter
Jesus from stopping long enough to allow
Pause When Circumstances Require It. opportunity even for opposers to speak. (Mark
Interruptions may also occasionally require that 3:1-5) Allowing the other person opportunity to
you pause in your speech. The noise of passing speak encourages him to think, and he may, as a
traffic or a crying child may require an interruption result, reveal what is in his heart. One of the
in conversation with a householder you have met purposes of our ministry is, in fact, to stir a heartfelt
in the field ministry. If a disturbance at a place of response by presenting people with vital issues
assembly is not too severe, you may be able to from God’s Word on which they must make
raise your volume and continue. But if the decisions. —Heb. 4:12.
disturbance is loud and prolonged, you must
pause. Your audience will not be listening anyway. Use of appropriate pausing in our ministry is
So use pausing effectively, with a view to helping indeed an art. When pauses are used effectively,
your audience get the full benefit of the good things ideas are more clearly conveyed and are often
that you want to tell them. lastingly remembered.
Pause to Allow for Response. Although you HOW TO DO IT
may be giving a talk with no provision for formal Give special attention to punctuation
audience participation, it is important to allow the when you read aloud.
audience to respond, not audibly, but mentally. If
Listen carefully to well-qualified Bible. (Proverbs 16:16) Like jewels, profound
speakers, and observe where they truths are there for you to discover. Will you search
pause and for how long. and dig for them? (Proverbs 2:1-6) Our Creator,
the Source of true values, urges you to do so, and
After you say something that you really
he will help you. How?
want others to remember, pause to let
it sink in. Jehovah provides gems of truth through his
Word, his spirit, and his organization. (Psalm 1:1-3;
In conversation, invite others to
Isaiah 48:17, 18; Matthew 24:45-47; 1 Corinthians
express their thoughts, and then listen
2:10) Examining these rare gems of inestimable
to their reply. Let them finish. Do not
value gives you an opportunity to choose
intelligently the best and most rewarding way of
EXERCISE: Read Mark 9:1-13 aloud; pause
life. And that will not be hard because Jehovah, our
appropriately for the various marks of punctuation.
Creator, knows what we need to be truly happy.
Do not let the reading drag. After you have
practiced, ask someone to listen to you and offer The Bible Promotes the Highest Values
suggestions for improvement in your pausing.
The sound counsel, or advice, that is available
in the Bible is both practical and unequaled. The
moral standards it advocates are unsurpassed. Its
The Superiority of Spiritual Values
counsel is always beneficial. It has stood the test of
w04 10/15 pp. 4-5 Benefit by Pursuing Spiritual
time. Examples of the Bible’s sound advice are to
work hard, to be honest, to use money wisely, and
“Quit being fashioned after this system of to avoid laziness. —Proverbs 6:6-8; 20:23; 31:16.
things,” admonished the apostle Paul centuries
In line with that, Jesus said: “Stop storing up for
ago. (Romans 12:2) The world has a fondness for
yourselves treasures upon the earth, where moth
those who conform to its values. (John 15:19) The
and rust consume, and where thieves break in and
tendency is to appeal to your senses of sight,
steal. Rather, store up for yourselves treasures in
touch, taste, smell, and hearing—yes, to adopt a
heaven, where neither moth nor rust consumes,
materialistic life-style. The emphasis is on “the
and where thieves do not break in and
desire of the eyes” so that you and others will
steal."—Matthew 6:19, 20.
pursue material gain. —1 John 2:15-17.
That timely admonition is as applicable today as it
But there are values that transcend money, was 2,000 years ago. Rather than getting caught
prominence, and material wealth. Centuries ago, up in a quest for material wealth, we can benefit
King Solomon accumulated all that the world could now by pursuing a superior way of life. The key is
offer in a material way. He built houses and had storing up spiritual treasures, which lead to a life of
gardens, orchards, servants, livestock, male and real happiness and contentment. How can we do
female singers, along with much gold and silver. so? By reading God’s Word, the Bible, and by
Solomon increased his assets far beyond those of applying what it teaches.
all who had preceded him. To say that he was rich
is an understatement. Solomon had virtually No. 2
everything that could be desired. Yet, when he (Job 7:1-21)
looked at his accomplishments, he said:
“Everything was vanity and a striving after No. 3:
wind."—Ecclesiastes 2:1-11. What It Means to Be Pure in Heart
With the superior wisdom that he was privileged
to gain, Solomon knew that greater fulfillment
How to Break Free From Spiritistic Influence
comes from the pursuit of spiritual values. He
rs p. 388 - p. 389 Spiritism
wrote: “The conclusion of the matter, everything
having been heard, is: Fear the true God and keep How can a person be freed from spiritistic
his commandments. For this is the whole influence?
obligation of man."—Ecclesiastes 12:13.
Prov. 18:10: “The name of Jehovah is a strong
Of more value than gold or silver is the treasure tower. Into it the righteous runs and is given
that can be found in the pages of God’s Word, the protection." (This does not mean that use of God’s
personal name serves as a charm to ward off evil.
The “name” of Jehovah represents the Person
himself. We are protected when we come to know
him and put our full trust in him, submitting to his
authority and obeying his commands. If we do this,
then when we call out to him for help, using his
personal name, he provides the protection that he
has promised in his Word.)
Matt. 6:9-13: “You must pray, then, this way: ‘ . .
. Do not bring us into temptation, but deliver us
from the wicked one. ’” You must also “persevere
in prayer." (Rom. 12:12) (God hears such prayers
from those who truly desire to know the truth and to
worship him in a manner that is pleasing to him.)
1 Cor. 10:21: “You cannot be partaking of ‘the
table of Jehovah’ and the table of demons." (Those
who want Jehovah’s friendship and protection
must break off all participation in spiritistic
meetings. In harmony with the example recorded
at Acts 19:19, it is also important to destroy or
properly dispose of all objects in one’s possession
that relate to spiritism.)
Jas. 4:7: “Subject yourselves, therefore, to God;
but oppose the Devil, and he will flee from you."
(To do this, be diligent to learn God’s will and to
apply it in your life. With love for God fortifying you
against fear of man, firmly refuse to share in any
customs related to spiritism or to obey any rules
laid down by a spiritist.)
Put on “the complete suit of armor from God” that is
described in Ephesians 6:10-18 and be zealous
about keeping every part of it in good condition.
Mar. 27 only by the rest of the sentence but also by the
Song 8 context. (2) Sense stress may be used to
Bible reading: Job 11-15 emphasize the beginning of a new thought,
Speech Quality: Proper Sense Stress whether a main point or simply a change in the line
(be p. 101 ¶ 1-p. 102 ¶ 3) of reasoning. It might also draw attention to the
No. 1: "Pay Attention to How You Listen" conclusion of a line of reasoning. (3) A speaker
(be p. 13 ¶ 1-p. 14 ¶ 5) may employ sense stress to show how he feels
No. 2: Job 12:1-25 about a matter. (4) Proper sense stress can also
No. 3: Guard Against the Spirit of Independence be used to highlight the main points of a talk.
(rs p. 390 ¶ 1-4)
In order to use sense stress in these ways, a
No. 4: Why the Ministry Brings Us Joy
speaker or a public reader must clearly understand
his material and earnestly want his audience to
Speech Quality absorb it. Regarding instruction given in the days
Proper Sense Stress of Ezra, Nehemiah 8:8 states: “They continued
be study 6 pp. 101-102 reading aloud from the book, from the law of the
What do you need to do? true God, it being expounded, and there being a
putting of meaning into it; and they continued
Emphasize words and phrases in a giving understanding in the reading." It is obvious
way that makes it easy for listeners to that those who read and explained God’s Law on
grasp the ideas being expressed. that occasion realized the importance of helping
Why is it important? their audience to grasp the meaning of what was
read, to retain it, and to apply it.
Proper sense stress helps the speaker
to hold the attention of his audience as What May Cause a Problem. Most people are
well as to persuade or motivate them. able to make their meaning clear in normal,
everyday conversation. However, when they read
WHEN you speak or read aloud, it is important material that was written by someone else,
not only that you say individual words correctly but determining which words or expressions to stress
also that you emphasize key words and may present a challenge. The key lies in clearly
thought-containing expressions in a way that understanding the material. That requires careful
conveys ideas clearly. study of what was written. So if you are asked to
read some material at a congregation meeting, you
Proper sense stress involves more than giving
should prepare diligently.
added emphasis to a few words or even to many.
The right words must be emphasized. If the wrong Some people use what might be termed
words are stressed, the meaning of what you say “periodic stress” instead of sense stress. They
may be unclear to your audience, who, in turn, may emphasize words at fairly specific intervals,
let their thoughts drift to other things. Even though whether such emphasis is meaningful or not.
the material may be good, a delivery having poor Others emphasize function words, perhaps putting
sense stress will be less effective in motivating the exaggerated stress on prepositions and
audience. conjunctions. When the emphasis does not
contribute to clarity of thought, it easily becomes a
Added emphasis can be conveyed by various
means, frequently used in combination: by greater
In an effort to use sense stress, some speakers
volume, by more intensity of feeling, by slow and
employ increased volume in a way that may make
deliberate expression, by pausing before or after a
the audience feel that they are being scolded. Of
statement (or both), and by gestures and facial
course, that seldom yields the best results. If sense
expressions. In some languages, emphasis can
stress is not natural, the impression may be given
also be conveyed by lowering the tone or raising
that the speaker is talking down to his audience.
the pitch. Take into account the material and the
How much better simply to appeal to them on the
circumstances to determine what would be most
basis of love and to help them see that what is
being said is both Scriptural and reasonable!
When deciding what to emphasize, consider the
following. (1) Within any sentence, the words that No. 1
should be given added stress are determined not “Pay Attention to How You Listen”
be pp. 13-14 To avoid drifting back to the ways of Satan’s
world, we must prepare our hearts to receive the
LISTENING is an important factor in learning. It instruction that Jehovah is providing today. How?
can also influence a person’s prospects for One important way is by prayer. We should pray
survival. When Jehovah was preparing to deliver that we will receive divine instruction with a
his people from bondage in Egypt, he gave thankful spirit. (Ps. 27:4; 95:2) This will help us to
instructions to Moses, who told the older men of appreciate the efforts of our brothers who, though
Israel what they must do in order to save their imperfect, make themselves available for use by
firstborn from the angel of death. (Ex. 12:21-23) Jehovah in teaching his people. It will move us to
The older men then conveyed this information to thank Jehovah not only for new things that we are
each household. This was done orally. The people learning but also for the opportunity to deepen our
had to listen carefully. How did they respond? The appreciation for matters that we have learned
Bible reports: “All the sons of Israel did just as before. Having the desire to do God’s will fully, we
Jehovah had commanded Moses and Aaron. They pray: “Instruct me, O Jehovah, about your way. . . .
did just so." (Ex. 12:28, 50, 51) As a result, Israel Unify my heart to fear your name."—Ps. 86:11.
experienced an awe-inspiring deliverance.
Focus Your Attention
Today, Jehovah is preparing us for an even
There are many obstacles to our listening
greater deliverance. Surely, the instruction he
attentively. Our minds may be crowded with
provides merits our earnest attention. Such
anxieties. Noise and movement in the audience or
instruction is given at the congregation meetings.
outside the meeting place may distract us.
Are you benefiting fully from such gatherings?
Physical discomfort may make it difficult for us to
Much depends on how you listen.
concentrate. Those with young children often find
Do you retain highlights of the instruction given that their attention is divided. What can help us to
at the meetings? Is it your habit, week by week, to keep our attention focused on the program?
seek ways to apply in your own life the instruction
The eyes strongly influence where we focus our
given or to share it with others?
attention. Use your eyes to help you concentrate
Prepare Your Heart by keeping them on the speaker. When he cites a
To benefit fully from the instruction provided at Bible text—even a familiar one—look it up, and
Christian meetings, we need to prepare our hearts. follow along as he reads it. Resist the temptation to
The importance of doing so is highlighted by what turn your head in the direction of every noise or
occurred during the reign of King Jehoshaphat of movement. If the eyes are flooding your mind with
Judah. Jehoshaphat took a bold stand for true distracting information, you will miss much of what
worship. He “removed the high places and the is being presented from the platform.
sacred poles from Judah” and commissioned If any “disquieting thoughts” make it difficult for you
princes, Levites, and priests to teach Jehovah’s to focus on the program, pray to Jehovah for the
Law to the people in all the cities of Judah. Still, calmness of mind and heart needed to pay
“the high places themselves did not disappear." (2 attention. (Ps. 94:19; Phil. 4:6, 7) Do so repeatedly
Chron. 17:6-9; 20:33) The worship of false gods if necessary. (Matt. 7:7, 8) The congregation
and the unauthorized form of worship of Jehovah meetings are a provision from Jehovah. You can
practiced at the pagan high places were so be confident that he wants you to benefit from
strongly entrenched that they were not eradicated. them. —1 John 5:14, 15.
Why did the instruction arranged by No. 2
Jehoshaphat fail to have a lasting influence? The (Job 12:1-25)
record continues: “The people themselves had not
yet prepared their heart for the God of their
forefathers." They heard but failed to act No. 3:
accordingly. Perhaps they felt that traveling to the Guard Against the Spirit of Independence
temple in Jerusalem to offer sacrifices was rs p. 390 - p. 391 Spirit of the World
inconvenient. In any case, their hearts were not
Why is being tainted by the spirit of the world a
moved by faith.
matter of serious concern?
1 John 5:19: “The whole world is lying in the No. 4:
power of the wicked one." (Satan has fostered a Why the Ministry Brings Us Joy
spirit that dominates the thinking and activities of
those of mankind who are not Jehovah’s approved
servants. It is a spirit of selfishness and pride that
is so pervasive that it is like the air that humans
breathe. We need to exercise great care not to
submit to Satan’s power by letting that spirit mold
Rev. 12:9: “Down the great dragon was hurled,
the original serpent, the one called Devil and
Satan, who is misleading the entire inhabited
earth; he was hurled down to the earth, and his
angels were hurled down with him." (Ever since
this took place, following the birth of the Kingdom
in 1914, the influence of Satan and his demons has
intensified greatly among mankind. His spirit has
goaded people to acts of increased selfishness
and violence. Especially do those who seek to
serve Jehovah come under great pressure to be a
part of the world, to do what others do, and to
abandon true worship.)
What are some of the characteristics of the
spirit of the world against which we need to be
1 Cor. 2:12: “Now we received, not the spirit of
the world, but the spirit which is from God, that we
might know the things that have been kindly given
us by God." (If the spirit of the world takes root in a
person’s thinking and desires, its fruitage is soon
seen in actions that manifest that spirit. So,
breaking free from the spirit of the world requires
not only avoiding unchristian activities and
excesses but also getting to the root of the matter
by cultivating attitudes that reflect God’s spirit and
genuine love for his ways. This you should keep in
mind as you consider the following manifestations
of the spirit of the world.)
Doing what a person wants to do,
without regard for the will of God
Satan urged Eve to decide for herself what was
good and what was bad. (Gen. 3:3-5; in contrast
see Proverbs 3:5, 6.) Many who follow Eve’s
course do not know what God’s will for mankind is,
nor are they interested in finding out. They just “do
their own thing,” as they say. Those who know
God’s requirements and try to conform to them
need to be careful that the world’s spirit does not
cause them deliberately to ignore the counsel of
God’s Word in what they may view as “little
things."—Luke 16:10; see also “Independence."
Apr. 3 reasoning to influence the use of sense stress. You
Song 50 need to be aware of places where the line of
Bible reading: Job 16-20 reasoning ends or where the presentation shifts
Speech Quality: Improving Sense Stress (be p. from one important thought to another. The
102 ¶ 4-p. 104 ¶ 4) audience will appreciate it if your delivery alerts
No. 1: How We Show Our Love for God (w04 3/1 them to these places. This might be done by
pp. 19-21) accenting such words as first of all, next, finally,
No. 2: Job 16:1-22 thus, and reasonably.
No. 3: How Jehovah Draws People to Worship Him
Your counselor will also direct your attention to
No. 4: * The Dangers of Pride and a Rebellious
thoughts to which you want to attach special
Attitude (rs p. 391 ¶ 1-2)
feeling. To do this you might emphasize such
words as very, absolutely, by no means,
Speech Quality unthinkable, important, and always. Your doing so
Improving Sense Stress can influence how your audience feels about what
be study 6 Proper Sense Stress you are saying. More will be said about this in
How to Improve. Often a person who has a Study 11, “Warmth and Feeling."
problem with sense stress is not aware of it. To improve your use of sense stress, you will
Someone else may need to draw it to his attention. also be encouraged to have clearly in mind the
If you need to make improvement in this area, your main points that you want your audience to
school overseer will help you. Also, feel free to ask remember. This will be given further consideration
for help from anyone else who is a good speaker. from the standpoint of public reading in Study 7,
Ask him to listen carefully to your reading and “Principal Ideas Emphasized,” and from the
speaking and then to offer suggestions for standpoint of speaking in Study 37, “Main Points
improvement. Made to Stand Out."
As a start, your counselor may suggest that you If you are endeavoring to improve in your field
use an article in The Watchtower as a basis for ministry, give special attention to how you read
practice. He will undoubtedly tell you to analyze scriptures. Make it a practice to ask yourself, ‘Why
individual sentences to determine which words or am I reading this text?’ For a teacher, simply
phrases need to be emphasized in order to make saying the words properly is not always enough.
the meaning easy to grasp. He may remind you to Even reading the text with feeling may not suffice.
give special attention to certain words that are If you are answering someone’s question or
italicized. Remember that words within a sentence teaching a basic truth, it is good to emphasize in
work together. Frequently, it is a group of words the scripture the words or expressions that support
that should be emphasized, not merely an isolated what is being discussed. Otherwise, the person to
word. In some languages, students may be whom you are reading may miss the point.
encouraged to give more careful consideration to
what diacritics indicate as to proper sense stress. Since sense stress involves giving added
emphasis to certain words and phrases, an
As the next step in learning what to emphasize, inexperienced speaker may tend to hit those words
your counselor may urge you to consider a context and phrases too hard. The results will be
that is broader than the sentence itself. What somewhat like the notes played by a person who is
central thought is being developed in the entire just beginning to learn a musical instrument. With
paragraph? How should that influence what you added practice, however, the individual “notes” will
emphasize in the individual sentences? Look at the simply become part of “music” that is beautifully
title of the article and at the boldface subheading expressive.
under which your material appears. What bearing
do these have on your selection of expressions to After you have learned some of the basics, you
emphasize? All of these are factors to consider. will be in a position to benefit by observing
But take care not to put strong emphasis on too experienced speakers. You will soon come to
many words. realize what can be accomplished by varying
degrees of emphasis. And you will appreciate the
Whether you will be speaking value of using emphasis in various ways to make
extempore-aneously or reading, your counselor clear the meaning of what is said. Developing
may also encourage you to allow the line of
proper sense stress will greatly enhance the However, as we at times notice in our public
effectiveness of your own reading and speaking. ministry, learning about God does not always
cause a person to love him. Jesus said to certain
Do not learn just enough about sense stress to
unappreciative Jews of his day: “You are searching
get by. In order to speak effectively, keep working
the Scriptures, because you think that by means of
at it until you have mastered sense stress and can
them you will have everlasting life; . . . but I well
use it in a way that sounds natural to the ears of
know that you do not have the love of God in you."
(John 5:39, 42) Some spend years learning about
HOW TO DEVELOP IT Jehovah’s loving deeds and yet have little love for
him. Why? They fail to contemplate the
Practice identifying key words and implications of what they learn. In contrast, millions
word groups in sentences. Give of sincere people with whom we study the Bible
special attention to doing this on the experience that their love for God continues to
basis of context. grow. Why? Because, as we ourselves did, they
Try using emphasis to indicate (1) follow Asaph’s example. In what way?
change of thought and (2) how you feel Meditate Appreciatively
about what you are saying.
Asaph resolved to cultivate love for Jehovah in
When reading scriptures, make it a his heart. He wrote: “With my heart I will show
habit to emphasize the words that concern . . . I shall remember the practices of Jah;
directly support your reason for for I will remember your marvelous doing of long
referring to those texts. ago. And I shall certainly meditate on all your
EXERCISES: (1) Select two scriptures that you activity, and with your dealings I will concern
frequently use in the field ministry. Determine what myself." (Psalm 77:6, 11, 12) Love for God will
you are endeavoring to prove with each text. Read grow in the heart of one who ponders Jehovah’s
the texts aloud in a manner that emphasizes the ways as the psalmist did.
words or groups of words that support those
points. (2) Study Hebrews 1:1-14. Why must the In addition, recalling experiences that we have
words “prophets” (vs. 1), “Son” (vs. 2), and enjoyed while serving Jehovah strengthens our
“angels” (vss. 4, 5) be given special emphasis in relationship with him. The apostle Paul said that
order to express clearly the line of reasoning in this we are God’s “fellow workers,” and the friendship
chapter? Practice reading the chapter aloud with that may grow between fellow workers is very
sense stress that keeps the line of reasoning in special. (1 Corinthians 3:9) When we express our
focus. love for Jehovah, he appreciates it, and it makes
his heart glad. (Proverbs 27:11) Then, when we
No. 1: ask for Jehovah’s help and he guides us through
How We Show Our Love for God some difficulty, we know that he is with us, and our
w04 3/1 pp. 19-21 love for him deepens.
Friendship between two people develops as
CULTIVATING love for God is not an academic they express their feelings to each other. Similarly,
exercise. As God’s servants around the world can when we tell Jehovah why we are devoted to him,
testify, true love for God grows as one becomes we are strengthened in our love for him. We will
acquainted with his personality, and it becomes find ourselves reflecting on Jesus’ words: “You
even stronger as one gets familiar with what he must love Jehovah your God with your whole heart
loves, what he hates, and what his preferences and with your whole soul and with your whole mind
and his requirements are. and with your whole strength." (Mark 12:30) What
Lovingly, Jehovah has given us his Word, the can we do to make sure that we will continue to
Bible, in which he reveals himself. From it, we learn love Jehovah with our whole heart, our whole soul,
how Jehovah dealt with different situations. Just as our whole mind, and our whole strength?
a letter from a loved one gives us much pleasure, Loving Jehovah With Our Whole Heart
so the Bible brings us delight as we see new
aspects of Jehovah’s personality revealed. The Scriptures refer to the figurative heart,
which is the inner person—our desires, attitudes,
and feelings. So loving Jehovah with our whole
heart means that more than anything else, we Loving Jehovah with our whole mind means
desire to please God. (Psalm 86:11) We show that that we make every effort necessary to understand
we have such love by making our personality Jehovah’s personality, purposes, and
acceptable to him. We strive to imitate God by requirements. (John 17:3; Acts 17:11) We express
‘abhorring what is wicked and clinging to what is our love to Jehovah by using all our mental
good. ’—Romans 12:9. resources in helping others come to love Jehovah
too and by improving our art of teaching. “Brace up
Our love for God affects our feelings about
your minds for activity,” urged the apostle Peter. (1
everything. For example, we may find our
Peter 1:13) Also, we put effort into showing an
employment to be challenging or absorbing, but is
interest in others, especially fellow servants of
this where our heart is? No. Since we love Jehovah
God. We are aware of their circumstances and
with our whole heart, we are first of all ministers of
observe when commendation is appropriate or
God. Likewise, we want to please our parents, our
when consolation is needed.
marriage mate, and our boss, but we prove our
wholehearted love for Jehovah by seeking above We show Jehovah that we love him with our
all to please him. After all, he deserves first place in whole mind by submitting to him mentally. We try
our heart. —Matthew 6:24; 10:37. to see things his way, take notice of him when we
make decisions, and trust that his way is best.
Loving Jehovah With Our Whole Soul
(Proverbs 3:5, 6; Isaiah 55:9; Philippians 2:3-7) But
In the Scriptures the word “soul” basically refers as we continue to show our love for God, how can
to our entire person as well as to the life we we use our strength?
possess. So loving Jehovah with our whole soul
Loving Jehovah With Our Whole Strength
means that we use our life to praise him and to
prove our love for him. Many youths in the Christian congregation use
their strength in praising Jehovah. (Proverbs
Of course, we may have other interests in life,
20:29; Ecclesiastes 12:1) One way in which
such as learning a job, running a business, or
numerous young Christians show that they love
raising a family. But at the same time, we prove our
Jehovah with their whole strength is by sharing in
whole-souled love for Jehovah by doing things his
the pioneer service, the full-time ministry. Many
way and by keeping other things in their proper
mothers share in this ministry while their children
place in our life, thus “seeking first the kingdom
are at school. Faithful elders who make
and his righteousness." (Matthew 6:33)
shepherding calls in addition to caring for the
Whole-souled worship also means being zealous.
welfare of their own families show that they love
We show Jehovah that we love him by zealously
Jehovah with all their strength. (2 Corinthians
preaching the Kingdom message, giving
12:15) Jehovah gives power to those who hope in
upbuilding comments at the meetings, or helping
him, so that they can demonstrate their love by
our Christian brothers and sisters. In everything,
praising him, using whatever strength they have.
we keep “doing the will of God
—Isaiah 40:29; Hebrews 6:11, 12.
Love will grow if cultivated properly. Therefore, we
Jesus demonstrated whole-souled love for God continue to take time to meditate. We remember
by disowning himself. He put God’s will first and his what Jehovah has done for us and why he merits
personal needs second. Jesus invited us to follow our devotion. As imperfect descendants of Adam,
his example. He said: “If anyone wants to come we can never be worthy of “the things that God has
after me, let him disown himself and pick up his prepared for those who love him,” but we can show
torture stake and continually follow me." (Matthew that we love Jehovah with every fiber of our being.
16:24, 25) Disowning ourselves means making a Let us continue to do so!—1 Corinthians 2:9.
dedication. It means that we love God so much that
we hand ownership of ourselves over to him, as No. 2:
when an Israelite in Bible times loved his master so (Job 16:1-22)
much that he obligated himself to him permanently
as a slave. (Deuteronomy 15:16, 17) Dedicating No. 3:
our life to Jehovah provides convincing evidence How Jehovah Draws People to Worship Him
that we love him.
Loving Jehovah With Our Whole Mind No. 4:
The Dangers of Pride and a Rebellious Attitude
rs p. 391 Spirit of the World
Reacting to situations on the basis
It was Satan who first allowed an
overestimation of self to corrupt his
heart. (Compare Ezekiel 28:17;
Proverbs 16:5.) Pride is a divisive force
in the world of which he is ruler,
causing people to consider
themselves better than those of other
races, nations, language groups, and
economic status. Even those serving
God may need to root out remnants of
such feelings. They also need to be on
guard so that pride does not cause
them to make major issues of minor
matters, or become a barrier to their
acknowledging their own faults and
accepting counsel and thus benefiting
from much loving help that Jehovah
provides through his organization.
—Rom. 12:3; 1 Pet. 5:5.
Manifesting a rebellious attitude
Rebellion began with Satan, whose name means
“Resister." By his defiance of Jehovah, Nimrod,
whose name may mean “Let Us Rebel,”
demonstrated that he was a child of Satan.
Avoiding that spirit will prevent God-fearing
persons from becoming defiant of secular rulers
(Rom. 13:1); it will help minors to submit to the
God-given authority of their parents (Col. 3:20); it
will be a safeguard against sympathizing with
apostates, who disrespect those whom Jehovah
has entrusted with responsibility in his visible
organization. —Jude 11; Heb. 13:17.
Apr. 10 that you will be reading has been developed, it
Song 119 would be appropriate to make it stand out.
Bible reading: Job 21-27
Whether the portion you are to read is poetry or
Speech Quality: Principal Ideas Emphasized (be
prose, proverb or narrative, your audience will
p. 105 ¶ 1-p. 106 ¶ 2)
benefit if you read it well. (2 Tim. 3:16, 17) To do
No. 1: Spiritual Values Bring Rewards (w04 10/15
this you must take into account both the passages
p. 5 ¶ 4-p. 7 ¶ 2)
that you are going to read and your audience.
No. 2: Job 24:1-20
No. 3: Jehovah Gives Power Beyond What Is If you are to read aloud from a publication at a
Normal Bible study or at a congregation meeting, what are
No. 4: * Be on Guard Against the Desires of the the principal ideas that you need to emphasize?
Flesh (rs p. 391 ¶ 3) Treat the answers to the printed study questions as
the principal ideas. Also emphasize thoughts that
Speech Quality relate to the boldface subheading under which the
Principal Ideas Emphasized material appears.
be study 7 pp. 105-106 It is not recommended that you make a practice
of using a manuscript for talks given in the
What do you need to do? congregation. On occasion, however, manuscripts
When reading aloud, put special are provided for certain convention discourses so
emphasis on the principal ideas in the that the same thoughts will be presented in the
entire body of material being read, not same way at all the conventions. In order to
merely in individual sentences. emphasize the principal ideas in such a
manuscript, the speaker must first analyze the
Why is it important? material carefully. What are the main points? He
Your message will be easier to should be able to recognize these. The main points
remember if the principal ideas are are not simply ideas that he feels are interesting.
emphasized. They are the key thoughts around which the
material itself is developed. Sometimes a concise
AN EFFECTIVE reader looks beyond the statement of a principal idea in the manuscript
individual sentence, even beyond the paragraph in introduces a narrative or a line of argument. More
which it appears. When he reads, he has in mind often, a strong statement is made after the
the principal ideas in the entire body of material supporting evidence has been presented. When
that he is presenting. This influences his these key points have been identified, the speaker
placement of emphasis. should mark them in his manuscript. There usually
are only a few, probably not more than four or five.
If this process is not followed, there will be no
Next, he needs to practice reading in such a way
peaks in the delivery. Nothing will stand out clearly.
that the audience can readily identify them. These
When the presentation is concluded, it may be
are the peaks of the talk. If the material is delivered
difficult to remember anything as being
with proper emphasis, these principal ideas are
more likely to be remembered. That should be the
Proper attention to the emphasizing of principal speaker’s goal.
ideas can often do much to enhance the reading of
There are various ways in which a speaker can
an account from the Bible. Such emphasis can
convey the emphasis needed to help the audience
impart added significance to the reading of
identify the main points. He might use heightened
paragraphs at a home Bible study or at a
enthusiasm, a change of pace, depth of feeling, or
congregation meeting. And it is especially
appropriate gestures, to mention a few.
important when giving a discourse from a
manuscript, as is sometimes done at our
POINTS TO KEEP IN MIND
Analyze the printed material in order to
How to Do It. In the school, you may be
identify the principal ideas around
assigned to read a portion of the Bible. What
which it is developed. Mark these.
should be emphasized? If there is some central
idea or important event around which the material
When reading aloud, use heightened the wise and you will become wise." (Proverbs
enthusiasm, a slower pace, or depth of 13:20, Today’s English Version) Moreover, a
feeling, as appropriate, to make those successful family is built on wisdom and love, not
principal ideas stand out. material possessions. —Ephesians 5:22–6:4.
EXERCISE: Select five paragraphs from a We are not born with values. We must learn
Watchtower article scheduled for study. them from our peers or from a higher source. That
Underscore the answers to the study questions is why a Bible-based education can transform our
for those paragraphs. Read the paragraphs whole mental outlook regarding material things. “I
aloud in such a way that the answers will be was helped to rethink my values, and I learned to
easy for a listener to identify. be content with the necessities,” says Don, a
Pursue Lasting Spiritual Riches
Spiritual Values Bring Rewards
w04 10/15 Benefit by Pursuing Spiritual Values Spiritual values highlight long-range rewards,
not short-term gratification. Paul wrote: “The things
When properly applied, spiritual values benefit
seen [material] are temporary, but the things
us physically, emotionally, and spiritually. Just as
unseen [spiritual] are everlasting." (2 Corinthians
the ozone layer high above the earth shields us
4:18) It is true that material pursuits may gratify
from harmful rays of the sun, sound moral
momentary desires, but greed has no future.
principles help protect us by exposing the
Spiritual values are eternal. —Proverbs 11:4; 1
dangerous effects of materialism. The Christian
Corinthians 6:9, 10.
apostle Paul wrote: “Those who are determined to
be rich fall into temptation and a snare and many The Bible condemns the materialistic focus that
senseless and hurtful desires, which plunge men is so prominent at this time. It teaches us how to
into destruction and ruin. For the love of money is a curb a selfish appetite by keeping our eye simple,
root of all sorts of injurious things, and by reaching focused on the more important things, spiritual
out for this love some have been led astray from riches. (Philippians 1:10) It exposes greed for what
the faith and have stabbed themselves all over with it is—self-idolatry. As we apply what we learn from
many pains."—1 Timothy 6:9, 10. God’s Word, we realize greater happiness. Our
thoughts turn from receiving to giving. What a
The love of riches entices people to seek
powerful incentive to replace self-indulgence with
greater wealth, position, and power. Very often,
devious and dishonest means are used to achieve
these goals. The pursuit of material things can rob Admittedly, to a certain extent, money may
a person of time, strength, and abilities. It can even serve as a protection. (Ecclesiastes 7:12) But the
rob one of a good night’s sleep. (Ecclesiastes 5:12) Bible realistically states: “Your money can be gone
The quest for more certainly stifles spiritual in a flash, as if it had grown wings and flown away
progress. The greatest man who ever lived, Jesus like an eagle." (Proverbs 23:5, TEV) People have
Christ, clearly showed the better way: “Happy are sacrificed a great deal on the altar of
those conscious of their spiritual need." (Matthew materialism—health, families, even a good
5:3) He knew that spiritual riches lead to conscience—with disastrous results. On the other
permanent rewards and are vastly more important hand, having spirituality satisfies our most
than transient material gain. —Luke 12:13-31. important needs—the need for love, the need for
purpose, and the need to worship the loving God,
Does It Really Work?
Jehovah. It also points the way to everlasting life in
“My parents tried hard to convince me that human perfection on a paradise earth—the hope
spiritual values are impractical,” Greg remembers. that God holds out for us.
“Yet, I’ve gained tremendous peace of mind by
Soon mankind’s dream of prosperity will be fully
pursuing spiritual goals because I’m free from the
realized in God’s new world. (Psalm 145:16) At
stress of competing for wealth."
that time the whole earth will be “filled with the
Spiritual values also build better personal knowledge of Jehovah." (Isaiah 11:9) Spiritual
relationships. True friends are attracted to you values will flourish. Materialism and its scars will be
because of who you are, not because of what you completely eradicated. (2 Peter 3:13) Then the
own. The Bible recommends: “Keep company with things that make life infinitely more worth
living—perfect health, satisfying work, wholesome become just like a river, and your righteousness
leisure, warm family relationships, and lasting like the waves of the sea."—Isaiah 48:18.
friendship with God—will bring mankind true One reason God’s Word excels as a source of
happiness forever. instruction is that it contains the oldest and most
accurate account of human experience. You likely
[Box/Picture on page 6]
realize that painlessly learning from the successes
Use Your Money Wisely!
and failures of others is preferable to repeating
Identify your needs. Jesus taught us to pray:
their mistakes. (1 Corinthians 10:6-11) More
“Give us our bread for the day according to the
important, in the Bible, God provides us with
day’s requirement." (Luke 11:3) Do not let today’s
superb laws and guiding principles that are
wants become tomorrow’s needs. Remember that
unequaled in reliability. “The law of Jehovah is
your life does not result from what you possess.
perfect . . . The reminder of Jehovah is trustworthy,
making the inexperienced one wise." (Psalm 19:7)
Make a budget. Do not give in to impulse buying. Surely, learning from the wisdom of our loving
The Bible states: “The plans of the diligent one Creator is the best possible way.
surely make for advantage, but everyone that is
hasty surely heads for want." (Proverbs 21:5) No. 2:
Jesus advised his listeners to count the cost before (Job 24:1-20)
undertaking any financial project. —Luke
14:28-30. No. 3:
Avoid unnecessary debt. Wherever possible, Jehovah Gives Power Beyond What Is Normal
save for purchases instead of buying on credit. The
proverb puts it this way: “The borrower is servant to No. 4:
the man doing the lending." (Proverbs 22:7) By Be on Guard Against the Desires of the Flesh
exercising self-restraint and staying within your
budget, you can even successfully plan for major rs p. 391 Spirit of the World
purchases. Giving free rein to the desires of the
Avoid waste. Make what you already own last fallen flesh
much longer by caring well for it, thus cutting down The influence of this can be seen and heard
on waste. Jesus showed proper regard for everywhere. There is a need constantly to be on
conservation in connection with what he used. guard against it. (1 John 2:16; Eph. 4:17, 19; Gal.
—John 6:10-13. 5:19-21) The thinking and the desires that may
lead to more serious evidences of it may be
Keep first things first. A wise person will ‘buy out manifest in a person’s conversation, the jokes he
time’ to pursue more important goals. —Ephesians tells, the lyrics of music to which he listens, the kind
5:15, 16. of dancing he does, or in his watching shows that
[Box/Picture on page 7] feature immoral sex. This aspect of the world’s
Learning From Experience—There Is a Better spirit shows itself in drug abuse, drunkenness,
Way adultery, fornication, and homosexuality. It also is
Personal experience—both good and bad—can manifest when a person unscripturally, but
teach us valuable lessons. But is it true that perhaps legally, divorces one mate and takes
experience is the best teacher, as the saying another. —Mal. 2:16.
goes? No, there is a superior source of guidance.
The psalmist identified it when he said in prayer:
“Your word is a lamp to my foot, and a light to my
Why is learning from divine instruction far better
than learning from personal experience? For one
thing, learning only from experience—trial and
error—can be both costly and painful. It is also
unnecessary. “O if only you would actually pay
attention to my commandments!” God said to the
ancient Israelites. “Then your peace would
Apr. 17 the temple in Jerusalem in the days of Solomon,
Song 100 there was no sound equipment. So Solomon stood
Bible reading: Job 28-32 on an elevated platform and blessed the people
Speech Quality: Volume Suitable to the Audience “with a loud voice." (1 Ki. 8:55; 2 Chron. 6:13)
(be p. 107 ¶ 1-p. 108 ¶ 4) Centuries later, after the outpouring of holy spirit at
No. 1: Listening at Meetings and Assemblies (be p. Pentecost 33 C. E. , a multitude—some interested,
15 ¶1-p. 16 ¶ 5) others mocking—gathered around the small body
No. 2: Job 29:1-25 of Christians in Jerusalem. Showing practical
No. 3: Do Not Be Dominated by the Desire of the wisdom, Peter “stood up . . . and raised his voice."
Eyes (rs p. 392 ¶ 1-2) (Acts 2:14) A powerful witness was given.
No. 4: Why the Crowds Were Astounded at Jesus'
How can you tell whether the volume that you
Way of Teaching
are using is suitable in a given situation? Audience
reaction is one of the best barometers. If you notice
Speech Quality that some in the audience are straining to hear,
Volume Suitable to the Audience you should endeavor to adjust your volume.
be study 8 pp. 107-108 Suitable Volume
Whether we are speaking to an individual or to a
What do you need to do? group, it is wise to consider who make up the
audience. If someone is hard of hearing, you may
Speak with sufficient loudness or need to raise your voice. But shouting will not
intensity of voice. In determining what endear you to people who may simply react a little
is suitable, consider (1) the size and slower because of advanced age. It may even be
the makeup of your audience, (2) considered a sign of rudeness. In some cultures,
distracting noises, (3) the material too much volume is viewed as evidence that a
being discussed, and (4) your person is angry or impatient.
Consider Distracting Noises. When you
Why is it important? engage in the field ministry, the circumstances you
Unless others can readily hear you, encounter definitely influence the volume needed
their minds may wander, and the to give a witness. You may have to compete with
information you present may not be traffic noise, rowdy children, barking dogs, loud
clear to them. If you speak too loudly, music, or a blaring television. On the other hand, in
people may find it irritating—and even areas where homes are close together, it may
disrespectful. embarrass the householder if you speak so loudly
that you attract the attention of the neighbors.
IF A public speaker lacks needed volume, some
Brothers who give talks in the congregation or at
in the audience may begin to doze. If a publisher
conventions also have to cope with a wide variety
speaks too softly in the field ministry, he may not
of circumstances. Speaking to an audience
hold the attention of the householder. And at
outdoors is quite different from delivering a talk in a
meetings where comments from the audience are
hall that has fine acoustics. In Latin America two
not given with adequate volume, those present will
missionaries shared in giving a public talk on the
not receive needed encouragement. (Heb. 10:24,
patio of the home of an interested person while
25) On the other hand, if a speaker increases his
fireworks were going off in the nearby plaza and a
volume at the wrong time, the audience may
rooster was crowing insistently nearby!
become uncomfortable—even annoyed. —Prov.
27:14. In the middle of a talk, something might happen
that calls for either a pause until the disturbance
Consider Your Audience. To whom are you
subsides or an increase in volume. For example, if
speaking? to an individual? to a family group? to a
a meeting is being held in a structure with a tin roof,
modest-sized group that is meeting for field
a sudden downpour may make it almost
service? to the entire congregation? or to a large
impossible for the audience to hear the speaker. A
convention? It is evident that volume suitable in
crying child or a disturbance caused by late arrivals
one situation might not be appropriate in another.
will surely present a challenge. Learn to
On various occasions, servants of God have compensate for the distractions so that your
spoken to large audiences. At the inauguration of
audience can benefit fully from the information you explain and apply the material. Looking at the
are presenting. information from the viewpoint of others may give
Sound-amplifying equipment will be helpful if it is you fresh insight into a familiar subject. Contribute
available, but it does not eliminate the need for to the interchange by offering your own
increased volume on the part of the speaker when expressions of faith. —Rom. 1:12.
the situation calls for it. In some places where
Studying the assigned material in advance will
power outages are frequent, speakers are obliged
help you to be absorbed in the discussion and to
to continue their talk without the aid of a
follow the comments made by others. If your
circumstances make it difficult to study the material
thoroughly, at least take a few minutes to get an
overview of the information prior to the meeting.
Listening at Meetings and Assemblies
Doing this will enable you to get more out of the
be “Pay Attention to How You Listen”
Listening to Talks
Listening at Assemblies and Conventions
Likely, you can recall favorite points that you
At assemblies and conventions, there are likely
have heard in talks. Listening to a talk, however,
to be more distractions than at congregation
involves more than just collecting outstanding
meetings. This can make listening a greater
points. A talk is like a journey. Although there may
challenge. What can help us?
be interesting things to see along the way, the
main thing is the destination, the objective. The An important factor is getting enough rest at
speaker may be trying to lead the audience to a night. Before the program begins each day, fix the
certain conclusion or move them to take some theme firmly in mind. Look at the title of each talk,
action. and try to anticipate what will be presented. Make
good use of your Bible. Many people find that
Consider the speech Joshua made to the nation
taking brief notes of main points helps them to
of Israel, recorded at Joshua 24:1-15. His objective
keep their minds focused on the program. Make a
was to move the people to take an
note of instruction that you plan to apply in your
uncompromising stand for true worship by
own life and ministry. Discuss a few points as you
completely separating themselves from the idolatry
travel to and from the assembly site each day. This
of the surrounding nations. Why was that so
will help you to retain the information.
important? The prevalence of false worship posed
a serious threat to the nation’s good standing with Training Children to Listen
Jehovah. The people responded to Joshua’s plea Christian parents can help their children—even
by saying: “It is unthinkable, on our part, to leave infants—to become “wise for salvation” by bringing
Jehovah so as to serve other gods. . . . We shall them to congregation meetings, assemblies, and
serve Jehovah." And they did!—Josh. 24:16, 18, conventions. (2 Tim. 3:15) Since children vary in
31. disposition and attention span, discernment is
As you listen to a talk, try to discern its objective. needed to help them learn to listen attentively. You
Consider how the points the speaker brings out may find the following suggestions to be helpful.
contribute toward reaching that objective. Ask At home, arrange times for your young children
yourself what the information calls for you to do. to sit quietly and read or look at the pictures in our
Listening During Discussions Christian publications. At the meetings, avoid
using toys to keep young ones occupied. As was
The Watchtower Study, the Congregation Book
true in ancient Israel, so today young ones are
Study, and portions of the Service Meeting are
present “in order that they may listen and in order
conducted as question-and-answer discussions of
that they may learn." (Deut. 31:12) Where
printed Bible-based material.
practical, some parents provide even very young
Listening during a discussion is, in certain children with personal copies of the publications
respects, like sharing in a conversation. To benefit being considered. As children get a little older, help
fully, listen carefully. Observe the direction in which them prepare to have a share in programs that call
the discussion is moving. Note how the conductor for audience participation.
emphasizes the theme and the main points.
Mentally respond to his questions. Listen as others
The Scriptures reveal a close link between Showing off one’s possessions and
listening to Jehovah and obeying him. This can be supposed attainments
seen in Moses’ words to the nation of Israel: “I This practice, too, “originates with the world” and
have put life and death before you, the blessing needs to be abandoned by those who become
and the malediction; and you must choose life . . . servants of God. (1 John 2:16) It is rooted in pride,
by loving Jehovah your God, by listening to his and instead of building up others spiritually, it
voice and by sticking to him." (Deut. 30:19, 20) dangles material enticements and visions of
Today, listening to the instruction Jehovah worldly achievement before them. —Rom. 15:2.
provides and obediently applying it in our lives are
essential to gaining God’s approval and the No. 4:
blessing of everlasting life. How vital, then, that we Why the Crowds Were Astounded at Jesus'
heed Jesus’ admonition: “Pay attention to how you Way of Teaching
[Box on page 13]
TIPS FOR EFFECTIVE LISTENING
Pray for help to focus your attention on the
Keep your eyes on the speaker
When scriptures are cited, look them up in your
Bible, and follow along
Look for the objective of a talk
Mentally respond to questions asked; listen
carefully to comments given
Take brief notes
Isolate points that you personally plan to apply
Do Not Be Dominated by the Desire of the Eyes
rs p. 392 Spirit of the World
Allowing one’s life to be dominated
by the desire to possess what one
It was such a desire that Satan
cultivated in Eve, enticing her to do
something that ruined her relationship
with God. (Gen. 3:6; 1 John 2:16)
Jesus firmly rejected such a
temptation. (Matt. 4:8-10) Those who
want to please Jehovah need to be on
guard so that they do not allow the
commercial world to develop such a
spirit in them. Much grief and spiritual
ruin result to those ensnared by it.
—Matt. 13:22; 1 Tim. 6:7-10.
Apr 24 How to Improve Your Volume. For some,
Song 94 more than the usual effort is required to learn how
Bible reading: Job 33-37 to use suitable volume. A person may speak with
Speech Quality: How to Improve Your Volume (be insufficient volume because of having a weak
p. 108 ¶ 5-p. 110 ¶ 2) voice. However, with effort, improvement may be
possible, though he may still be soft-spoken. Give
Oral Review attention to breathing and posture. Practice sitting
and standing erect. Push back your shoulders, and
Speech Quality breathe deeply. Be sure that you are filling the
How to Improve Your Volume lower part of your lungs. It is this air supply,
be study 8 Suitable Volume properly regulated, that makes it possible for you to
control your volume when speaking.
Consider the Material Being Discussed. The
nature of the material in your talk also has a For others, the problem is that they speak too
bearing on the volume needed. If the subject calls loudly. Perhaps they developed the habit as a
for strength, do not weaken the presentation by result of working outdoors or in a noisy
speaking too softly. For example, when you are environment. On the other hand, they may come
reading denunciations from the Scriptures, your from a background where everyone shouts and
volume should be stronger than when you are interruptions are common. As a result, they feel
reading counsel on showing love. Adapt your that the only way to get a word in is to talk louder
volume to the material, but be careful to do it in a than the rest. As they progressively heed the
manner that does not draw attention to yourself. Bible’s counsel to clothe themselves with “the
tender affections of compassion, kindness,
Consider Your Objective. If you want to lowliness of mind, mildness, and long-suffering,”
stimulate your audience to spirited activity, you they will make adjustments in the volume they use
may need to use somewhat stronger volume. If you when conversing with others. —Col. 3:12.
want to change their thinking, do not drive them
away by using too much volume. If you are Good preparation, experience that comes from
endeavoring to console, a softer voice is usually regular participation in the field service, and prayer
better. to Jehovah will help you to speak with suitable
volume. Whether speaking from the platform or to
Effective Use of Increased Volume. When an individual in the field ministry, endeavor to focus
you are trying to get the attention of someone who your thoughts on how the other person can be
is busy, increased volume often helps. Parents helped by hearing what you are saying. —Prov.
know this, so they raise their voices to call their 18:21.
children when it is time for them to come in from
play. Increased volume may also be necessary HOW TO IMPROVE
when a chairman brings a congregation meeting or
an assembly to order. As publishers share in the Be observant of the reactions of those
field ministry, they may call out a greeting as they to whom you speak; use the right
approach people who are working outdoors. amount of volume so that they can
Even after you get someone’s attention, it is
important to continue to use sufficient volume. A Learn to fill the lower part of the lungs
very subdued voice may give the impression that as you breathe.
the speaker is ill-prepared or lacks conviction. EXERCISE: First read Acts 19:23-41 silently,
When coupled with a command, raising the getting in mind the setting as revealed in the
voice can move people to action. (Acts 14:9, 10) narrative and the context. Take note of who is
Similarly, a shouted command may avert disaster. speaking and the attitude being displayed. Then
In Philippi a jailer was about to kill himself because read it aloud with volume that is suitable for
he thought that his prisoners had escaped. “Paul each portion.
called out with a loud voice, saying: ‘Do not hurt [Box on page 108]
yourself, for we are all here!’” In this way a suicide WHEN INCREASED VOLUME MAY BE NEEDED
was averted. Paul and Silas then witnessed to the To hold the attention of a larger group.
jailer and his household, who all embraced the
truth. —Acts 16:27-33. To counteract distractions.
To command attention when saying something
To stimulate to action.
To get the attention of an individual or a group.
May 1 Adjust the Volume. One way to vary your
Song 154 vocal expression is to adjust your volume. But this
Bible reading: Job 38-42 should not be simply a routine increase or
Speech Quality: Modulation-Adjust Your Volume decrease in volume with monotonous regularity.
(be p. 111 ¶1-p. 112 ¶ 2) That would distort the sense of what you are
No. 1: Job-Why Beneficial (si p. 100 ¶ 39-43) saying. If you raise the volume too often, the
No. 2: Job 38:1-24 impression will be unpleasant.
No. 3: How Is Isaiah 60:22 Being Fulfilled Today?
Your volume should be appropriate to the
No. 4: * Abusive Speech and Violence Are Works
material. Whether you are reading an urgent
of the Flesh (rs p. 392 ¶ 3)
command, such as that found at Revelation 14:6, 7
or at Revelation 18:4, or an expression of strong
Speech Quality conviction, as recorded at Exodus 14:13, 14,
Modulation-Adjust Your Volume appropriate increase in volume is indicated.
be study 9 pp. 111-112 Modulation Likewise, if you are reading a strong denunciation
What do you need to do? from the Bible, such as that found at Jeremiah
25:27-38, varying your volume will make certain
Vary the sound of your voice. In this expressions stand out above the rest.
study, we consider changes in volume,
pace, and pitch. Consider, too, your objective. Do you want to
motivate your audience to action? Do you want to
Why is it important? make the main points of your presentation stand
Proper modulation gives life to a talk, out? Greater volume, used with discretion, helps to
stirs emotions, and motivates to accomplish these objectives. However, simply
action. increasing your volume may defeat your purpose.
How so? What you are saying may call for warmth
Lack of modulation may give the
and feeling instead of increased volume. We will
impression that you have no real
discuss this in Study 11.
interest in your subject.
When used with discernment, a drop in volume can
stir up anticipation. But that usually requires
YOUR use of simple sense stress helps an
greater intensity of tone immediately afterward.
audience to understand what you say. But when
Lower volume coupled with increased intensity can
you make good use of variety in volume, pace, and
be used to convey anxiety or fear. Reduced
pitch, your talk can be much more enjoyable to
volume may also be used to indicate that what is
listen to. More than that, it may tell your audience
being said is of secondary importance in
how you feel about what you are saying. Your
comparison with what surrounds it. If your volume
attitude toward the material can influence how they
is always low, however, this may convey
feel about it. This is true whether you are speaking
uncertainty or lack of conviction on your part or
from the platform or to an individual in the field
lack of real interest in your subject. Obviously, very
soft tones need to be used with discretion.
The human voice is a marvelous instrument,
capable of great variety. Properly used, it can give No. 1:
life to a talk, touch the heart, stir emotions, and Job – Why Beneficial
motivate to action. However, this cannot be
achieved by simply marking your notes to indicate si p. 100 Bible Book Number 18—Job
where to adjust the volume, change the pace, or
vary the pitch. Modulation in response to such
cues will sound artificial. Instead of imparting life The book of Job exalts Jehovah and testifies
and color to your delivery, it may make your to his unfathomable wisdom and power. (12:12,
audience feel uncomfortable. Proper use of 13; 37:23) In this one book, God is referred to as
modulation springs from the heart. the Almighty 31 times, which is more often than in
all the rest of the Scriptures. The account extols his
When used wisely, modulation will not attract
eternity and exalted position (10:5; 36:4, 22, 26;
undue attention to the speaker. Instead, it will help
40:2; 42:2) as well as his justice, loving-kindness,
the audience to enter into the spirit of the subject
and mercy (36:5-7; 10:12; 42:12). It stresses
Jehovah’s vindication above man’s salvation. (Job 1:6-12; 2:1-5; 38:6, 7) It indicates that the
(33:12; 34:10, 12; 35:2; 36:24; 40:8) Jehovah, the controversy existed before Job’s day and that
God of Israel, is shown to be also the God of Job. Satan is an actual spirit person. If the book of Job
40 was written by Moses, this is the first appearance
The record in Job magnifies and explains the
of the expression has Satan in the Hebrew text of
creative work of God. (38:4–39:30; 40:15, 19; 41:1;
the Bible, giving further identity to “the original
35:10) It harmonizes with the Genesis statement
serpent." (Job 1:6, footnote; Rev. 12:9) The book
that man is made from the dust and that he returns
also proves that God is not the cause of mankind’s
to it. (Job 10:8, 9; Gen. 2:7; 3:19) It uses the terms
suffering, sickness, and death, and it explains why
“redeemer,” “ransom,” and “live again,” thus giving
the righteous are persecuted, while the wicked and
a foreglimpse of teachings prominent in the
wickedness are permitted to continue. It shows
Christian Greek Scriptures. (Job 19:25; 33:24;
that Jehovah is interested in pushing the issue to
14:13, 14) Many of the book’s expressions have
its final settlement.
been drawn on or paralleled by the prophets and 43
Now is the time when all who want to live under
by Christian writers. Compare, for example, Job
God’s Kingdom rule must answer Satan, “the
7:17—Psalm 8:4; Job 9:24—1 John 5:19; Job
accuser,” by their course of integrity. (Rev. 12:10,
10:8—Psalm 119:73; Job 12:25—Deuteronomy
11) Even in the midst of ‘puzzling trials,’
28:29; Job 24:23—Proverbs 15:3; Job
integrity-keepers must continue praying for God’s
26:8—Proverbs 30:4; Job 28:12, 13,
name to be sanctified and for his Kingdom to come
15-19—Proverbs 3:13-15; Job 39:30—Matthew
and stamp out Satan and all his derisive seed. That
will be God’s “day of fight and war,” to be followed
Jehovah’s righteous standards for living are by the relief and blessings in which Job hoped to
set forth in many passages. The book strongly share. —1 Pet. 4:12; Matt. 6:9, 10; Job 38:23;
condemns materialism (Job 31:24, 25), idolatry 14:13-15.
(31:26-28), adultery (31:9-12), gloating (31:29),
injustice and partiality (31:13; 32:21), selfishness No. 2
(31:16-21), and dishonesty and lying (31:5), (Job 38:1-24)
showing that a person who practices these things
cannot gain God’s favor and eternal life. Elihu is a No. 3:
fine example of deep respect and modesty, How Is Isaiah 60:22 Being Fulfilled Today?
together with boldness, courage, and exaltation of
God. (32:2, 6, 7, 9, 10, 18-20; 33:6, 33) Job’s own No. 4:
exercise of headship, consideration of his family, Abusive Speech and Violence Are Works of the
and hospitality also provide a fine lesson. (1:5; 2:9, Flesh
10; 31:32) However, Job is remembered most for
his integrity-keeping and patient endurance, rs p. 392 Spirit of the World
setting an example that has proved to be a
Giving vent to one’s emotions in
faith-strengthening bulwark for God’s servants
abusive speech and violent acts
throughout the ages and especially in these
These are “works of the flesh” against which many
faith-trying times. “You have heard of the
persons have to put up a hard fight. With genuine
endurance of Job and have seen the outcome
faith and the help of God’s spirit they can conquer
Jehovah gave, that Jehovah is very tender in
the world rather than let its spirit dominate them.
affection and merciful."—Jas. 5:11.
—Gal. 5:19, 20, 22, 23; Eph. 4:31; 1 Cor. 13:4-8; 1
Job was not one of the seed of Abraham to John 5:4.
whom the Kingdom promises were given, yet the
record concerning his integrity does much to clarify
understanding of Jehovah’s Kingdom purposes.
The book is an essential part of the divine record,
for it reveals the fundamental issue between God
and Satan, which involves man’s integrity to
Jehovah as his Sovereign. It shows that the
angels, who were created before the earth and
man, are also spectators and very much interested
in this earth and the outcome of the controversy.
May 8 Writers: David and others
Song 168 Place Written: Undetermined
Bible reading: Psalms 1-10
Writing Completed: c. 460 B. C. E.
Speech Quality: Modulation-Change Your Pace
(be p. 112 ¶ 3-6) THE book of Psalms was the inspired songbook
No. 1: Introduction to Psalms-Part 1 (si p. 101 ¶ of true worshipers of Jehovah in ancient times, a
1-5) collection of 150 sacred songs, or psalms, set to
No. 2: Psalm 4:1-5:12 music and arranged for the public worship of
No. 3: Put Your Trust in God, Not Man (rs p. 392 ¶ Jehovah God in his temple at Jerusalem. These
4-p. 393 ¶ 1) psalms are songs of praise to Jehovah, and not
No. 4: Holding to the Pattern of Healthful Words only that, they also contain prayers of supplication
for mercy and help, as well as expressions of trust
Speech Quality and confidence. They abound with thanksgivings
Modulation-Change Your Pace and exultations and with exclamations of great,
be study 9 pp. 112-113 Modulation yes, superlative, joy. Some are recapitulations of
Change Your Pace. In everyday speech, history, contemplating Jehovah’s loving-kindness
words flow spontaneously as we express our and his great deeds. They are packed with
thoughts. When we are excited, we tend to speak prophecies, many of which have had remarkable
rapidly. When we want others to remember exactly fulfillments. They contain much instruction that is
what we say, the pace of our speech becomes beneficial and upbuilding, all of it clothed in lofty
more deliberate. language and imagery that stirs the reader to the
very depths. The psalms are a sumptuous spiritual
However, few speakers who are new to the meal, beautifully prepared and spread invitingly
public platform vary their pace. Why? They before us.
prepare their wording too carefully. It may all be 2
written down. Even if the talk is not delivered from What is the significance of the book’s title, and
a manuscript, the words may be virtually who wrote the Psalms? In the Hebrew Bible, the
memorized. As a result, everything is delivered in a book is called Sepher Tehillim, meaning “Book of
measured pace. Learning to speak from an outline Praises,” or simply Tehillim, that is, “Praises." This
will help to correct this weakness. is the plural form of Tehillah, meaning “A Praise” or
“Song of Praise,” found in the superscription of
Avoid increasing your pace so abruptly that it Psalm 145. The name “Praises” is most
reminds one of a strolling cat that suddenly leaps appropriate, as the book highlights praise to
away when it spots a dog. And never speak so Jehovah. The title “Psalms” comes from the Greek
rapidly that your diction suffers. Septuagint, which used the word Psalmoi,
To achieve variety in your pace, do not simply denoting songs sung with a musical
speed up and slow down at regular intervals. accompaniment. The word is also found at a
Rather than enhancing the material you are number of places in the Christian Greek
presenting, that style of delivery will detract from it. Scriptures, such as at Luke 20:42 and Acts 1:20. A
Changes of pace should be geared to what you are psalm is a sacred song or poem used in the praise
saying, the emotions you want to convey, and your and worship of God.
objective. Deliver your talk at a moderate pace. To 3
convey excitement, speak more rapidly, just as you Many of the psalms have headings, or
would in everyday life. This is also appropriate superscriptions, and these often name the writer.
when stating points of lesser importance or when Seventy-three headings bear the name of David,
narrating events in which details are not vital. This “the pleasant one of the melodies of Israel." (2
will add variety and help to keep your talk from Sam. 23:1) No doubt Psalms 2, 72, and 95 were
sounding too heavy. On the other hand, weightier also written by David. (See Acts 4:25, Psalm
arguments, main points, and climaxes in delivery 72:20, and Hebrews 4:7.) Additionally, Psalms 10
usually call for a slower pace. and 71 appear to be a continuation of Psalms 9
and 70 respectively and therefore may be
No. 1: attributed to David. Twelve psalms are ascribed to
Introduction To Psalms -Part 1 Asaph, evidently denoting the house of Asaph, as
some of these speak of events later than Asaph’s
si pp. 101-102 Bible Book Number 19—Psalms day. (Ps. 79; 80; 1 Chron. 16:4, 5, 7; Ezra 2:41)
Eleven psalms are directly attributed to the sons of rs p. 392 - p. 393 Spirit of the World
Korah. (1 Chron. 6:31-38) Psalm 43 appears to be
Basing one’s hopes and fears on
a continuation of Psalm 42, and therefore it may
what humans are able to do
also be attributed to the sons of Korah. In addition
to mentioning “the sons of Korah,” Psalm 88 also A physical man considers what he can
accredits Heman in its superscription, and Psalm see and touch to be what really counts.
89 names Ethan as the writer. Psalm 90 is His hopes and fears revolve around
attributed to Moses, and Psalm 91 is probably the promises and threats of other men.
Moses’ as well. Psalm 127 is Solomon’s. Over two He looks to human rulers for help and
thirds of the psalms are thus ascribed to various is disillusioned when they fail. (Ps.
writers. 146:3, 4; Isa. 8:12, 13) To him, this life
4 is all there is. Threats of death easily
The book of Psalms is the Bible’s largest
enslave him. (In contrast, see Matthew
single book. As evidenced by Psalms 90, 126, and
10:28; Hebrews 2:14, 15.) But a new
137, it was long in the writing, at least from the time
force actuates the minds of people
Moses wrote (1513-1473 B. C. E.) until after the
who get to know Jehovah, those who
restoration from Babylon and probably Ezra’s day
fill their minds and hearts with his
(537–c. 460 B. C. E.). Thus, the writing is seen to
promises and who learn to turn to him
span approximately a thousand years. The time
for help in every time of need. —Eph.
covered by the contents is much greater, though,
4:23, 24; Ps. 46:1; 68:19.
starting from the time of the creation and
epitomizing the history of Jehovah’s dealings with Giving to humans and things the
his servants down to the time of the composition of worshipful honor that belongs to
the last of the psalms. God
The book of Psalms is one that reflects “The god of this system of things,” Satan the Devil,
organization. David himself refers to “the encourages all sorts of practices that misdirect
processions of my God, my King, into the holy man’s God-given inclination to worship. (2 Cor.
place. The singers went in front, the players on 4:4) Some rulers have been treated as gods. (Acts
stringed instruments after them; in between were 12:21-23) Millions bow before idols. Millions more
the maidens beating tambourines. In congregated idolize actors and outstanding athletes.
throngs bless God, Jehovah." (Ps. 68:24-26) This Celebrations frequently give undue honor to
gives the reason for the oft repeated expression individual humans. So common is this spirit that
“To the director” in the superscriptions, as well as those who truly love Jehovah and want to give him
the many poetic and musical terms. Some exclusive devotion need to be alert to its influence
superscriptions explain the use or purpose of a every day.
psalm or provide musical instructions. (See the
superscriptions of Psalms 6, 30, 38, 60, 88, 102, No. 4:
and 120.) For at least 13 of David’s psalms, such Holding to the Pattern of Healthful Words
as Psalms 18 and 51, the events spurring their
composition are briefly related. Thirty-four of the
psalms are entirely without superscriptions. The
little word “Selah,” occurring 71 times in the main
text, is generally thought to be a technical term for
music or recitation, although its exact significance
is unknown. It is suggested by some that it
indicates a pause for silent meditation in the
singing or in both the singing and the instrumental
music. Hence, it need not be pronounced in
Put Your Trust in God, Not Man
May 15 Laying a Foundation. Where, then, does
Song 217 modulation begin? With selection of material for
Bible reading: Psalms 11-18 your talk. If you include nothing but argumentation
Speech Quality: Modulation-Vary Your Pitch (be or nothing but exhortation, you will have little
p. 113 ¶1-p. 114 ¶ 3) opportunity for variety in your delivery. So analyze
No. 1: Introduction to Psalms-Part 2 (si p. 102 ¶ your outline, and make sure that you have the
6-11) ingredients needed for a colorful, informative
No. 2: Psalm 14:1-16:6 presentation.
No. 3: In What Ways Are True Christians No Part
Suppose that in the middle of your talk, you feel
of the World?
the need for greater variety because your
No. 4: Who Is to Blame for Human Suffering? (rs p.
presentation is dragging. What then? Change the
393 ¶ 2-p. 394 ¶ 1)
nature of your material. How? One way is to open
the Bible, invite the audience to open theirs, and
Speech Quality read a scripture instead of simply talking. Or
Modulation-Vary Your Pitch convert some statement into a question, adding a
be study 9 Modulation pause for emphasis. Insert a simple illustration.
Vary Your Pitch. Imagine someone playing a These are techniques used by experienced
musical instrument for an hour or so. During all that speakers. But regardless of the extent of your
time, he sounds just one note—first loudly, then experience, you can use the same ideas when
softly, at times quickly, then slowly. There is preparing your material.
variation in volume and in pace, but with no It can be said that modulation is the spice in a
variation of pitch, the “music” is not very appealing. talk. If the right kind is used and in the right
Similarly, without variety in pitch, our voice will not amount, it will draw out the full flavor of your
be pleasant to the ears. material and make it a delight to your audience.
It must be noted that changes in pitch do not
have the same effect in all languages. In a tonal HOW TO DO IT
language, such as Chinese, changing the pitch Vary pitch, if appropriate, to convey
may change the meaning of a word. Nevertheless, emotions and touch hearts. In a tonal
even in such a language, there are things that a language, widen or narrow the range
person can do to add greater variety to his vocal of your voice.
expressions. He can work at improving the range
of his voice while retaining the same relative Modulation begins with your selection
values for the various tones. Thus he can make the of material for your talk.
high tones higher and the low tones lower. EXERCISES: (1) Read 1 Samuel 17:17-53 to
Even in languages that are not tonal, a change yourself, taking note of opportunities to use
in pitch may convey a variety of ideas. For appropriate variation in volume, pace, and
example, a slight raising of the pitch accompanied pitch. Then read it aloud in an expressive but
by a comparable increase in volume may be used not extreme manner. Do this several times. (2)
for sense stress. Or a change in pitch may be a To develop flexibility in your voice, read verses
means of indicating size or distance. A rising 48-51 aloud as rapidly as you can without
inflection at the end of a sentence may indicate stumbling. Without sacrificing articulation, read
that a question is being asked. Some languages it over and over, constantly increasing your
may require a falling inflection. pace. Then read the same material as slowly as
possible, drawing out the sounds. Next, speed
Excitement and enthusiasm may be expressed up and slow down alternately until your voice
with a higher pitch. (In a tonal language, that may will do what you want it to do.
call for a wider range of the voice.) Sorrow and
anxiety may call for a lower pitch. (Or in a tonal
language, a narrower voice range.) The emotions
mentioned here are ones that help the speaker
touch the heart. When you want to express them,
do not simply say the words. Use your voice in a
way that shows that you also feel them.
No. 1: enthusiastic worshiper of Jehovah and lover of His
Introduction To Psalms -Part 2 Law. Against such a background, it is little wonder
si pp. 102-103 Bible Book Number 19—Psalms that the book of Psalms runs the entire scale of
6 human emotions! Contributing to its power and
From ancient times, the book of Psalms has
beauty are the poetic parallelisms and contrasts so
been divided into five separate books, or volumes,
characteristic of Hebrew verse. —Ps. 1:6; 22:20;
as follows: (1) Psalms 1-41; (2) Psalms 42-72; (3)
42:1; 121:3, 4.
Psalms 73-89; (4) Psalms 90-106; (5) Psalms
107-150. It appears that the first collection of these The authenticity of these most ancient songs
songs was made by David. Evidently Ezra, the to Jehovah’s praise is amply testified to by their
priest and “skilled copyist in the law of Moses,” was being in complete harmony with the rest of the
the one used by Jehovah to arrange the book of Scriptures. The book of Psalms is quoted
Psalms into final form. —Ezra 7:6. numerous times by the writers of the Christian
7 Greek Scriptures. (Ps. 5:9 [Rom. 3:13]; Ps. 10:7
The progressive growth of the collection may
[Rom. 3:14]; Ps. 24:1 [1 Cor. 10:26]; Ps. 50:14
explain why some of the psalms are repeated in
[Matt. 5:33]; Ps. 78:24 [John 6:31]; Ps. 102:25-27
the different sections, such as Psalms 14 and 53;
[Heb. 1:10-12]; Ps. 112:9 [2 Cor. 9:9]) David
40:13-17 and 70; 57:7-11 and 108:1-5. Each of the
himself said in his last song: “The spirit of Jehovah
five sections closes with a blessing pronounced on
it was that spoke by me, and his word was upon my
Jehovah, or a doxology—the first four of these
tongue." It was this spirit that had operated upon
including responses by the people and the last one
him from the day of his anointing by Samuel. (2
being the entire Psalm 150. —Ps. 41:13, footnote.
Sam. 23:2; 1 Sam. 16:13) Additionally, the
A very special style of composition is apostles quoted from the Psalms. Peter referred to
employed in nine psalms; it is called acrostic “scripture . . . which the holy spirit spoke
because of its alphabetic structure. (Psalms 9, 10, beforehand by David’s mouth,” and in a number of
25, 34, 37, 111, 112, 119, and 145) In this structure quotations from the Psalms, the writer to the
the first verse or verses of the first stanza begin Hebrews referred to them either as statements
with the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, aleph spoken by God or introduced them with the words,
(?), the next verse(s) with the second letter, behth “just as the holy spirit says."—Acts 1:16; 4:25; Heb.
(?), and so on, through all or nearly all the letters of 1:5-14; 3:7; 5:5, 6.
the Hebrew alphabet. This may have served as a Coming to the strongest proof of authenticity, we
memory aid—just think of the temple singers quote Jesus, the risen Lord, saying to the disciples:
having to remember songs as long as Psalm 119! “These are my words which I spoke to you . . . that
Interestingly, an acrostic of Jehovah’s name is all the things written in the law of Moses and in the
found at Psalm 96:11. The first half of this verse in Prophets and Psalms about me must be fulfilled."
Hebrew consists of four words, and the initial Jesus was there grouping the entire Hebrew
letters of these words, when read from right to left, Scriptures in the way adopted by the Jews and well
are the four Hebrew consonants of the known to them. His mention of the Psalms included
Tetragrammaton, YHWH (????). the whole of the third group of Scriptures, called
These sacred, lyric poems are written in the Hagiographa (or Holy Writings), of which
unrhymed Hebrew verse and display unsurpassed Psalms was the first book. This is confirmed by
beauty of style and rhythmic flow of thought. They what he said a few hours earlier to the two on their
speak directly to the mind and heart. They paint way to Emmaus, when “he interpreted to them
vivid pictures. The wonderful breadth and depth, in things pertaining to himself in all the
both the subject matter and the strong emotions Scriptures."—Luke 24:27, 44.
expressed, are due in part to David’s extraordinary
life experiences, which provide background to No. 2
many of the psalms. Few men have lived so varied (Psalms 14:1-16:6)
a life—as a shepherd boy, a lone warrior against
Goliath, a court musician, an outlaw among loyal No. 3:
friends and among traitors, a king and conqueror, a In What Ways Are True Christians No Part of
loving father beset with divisions in his own the World?
household, one who twice experienced the
bitterness of serious sin and yet was ever an No. 4:
Who Is to Blame for Human Suffering?
rs p. 393 - p. 394 Suffering
Why does God permit suffering?
Who really is to blame for it?
Humans are to blame for much of the
suffering. They fight wars, commit
crimes, pollute the environment, often
carry on business in a manner
motivated by greed rather than
concern for their fellowman, and
sometimes indulge in habits that they
know can be harmful to their health.
When they do these things, they hurt
others and themselves. Should it be
expected that humans would be
immune to the consequences of what
they do? (Gal. 6:7; Prov. 1:30-33) Is it
reasonable to blame God for these
things that humans themselves do?
Satan and his demons also share responsibility.
The Bible discloses that much suffering is because
of the influence of wicked spirits. The suffering for
which so many people blame God does not come
from him at all. —Rev. 12:12; Acts 10:38; see also
pages 363, 364, under the heading “Satan the
May 22 speaker delivers his talk, his thoughts must be
Song 23 filled, not merely with details, but with appreciation
Bible reading: Psalms 19-25 for what Jesus’ sacrifice means both to the
Speech Quality: Speak With Feeling (be p. 115 ¶ speaker himself and to his audience. He needs to
1-p. 116 ¶ 4) recall his feelings of gratitude to Jehovah God and
No. 1: Good Insight Wins Favor (w04 7/15 p. 27 ¶ Christ Jesus for this marvelous provision. He
4-p. 28 ¶ 4) needs to think of the grand prospect of life that it
No. 2: Psalm 22:1-22 opens up for mankind—eternal happiness in
No. 3: How Did Suffering Get Started? (rs p. 394 ¶ perfect health in a restored earthly paradise! Thus
2-3) he needs to get his heart involved.
No. 4: * What Are God's Reminders, and Why
Concerning the scribe Ezra, a teacher in Israel,
Should We Heed Them?
the Bible says that he “prepared his heart to
consult the law of Jehovah and to do it and to teach
Speech Quality in Israel." (Ezra 7:10) If we do likewise—preparing
Speak With Feeling not only information but also our hearts—we will
be study 10 pp. 115-116 Enthusiasm speak from the heart. Such heartfelt expression of
the truth can do much to help those to whom we
What do you need to do? speak develop a real love for the truth.
By animated delivery, give evidence of Think About Your Audience. Another
your strong feeling about the value of important factor in manifesting enthusiasm is
what you are saying. having the conviction that your audience needs to
Why is it important? hear what you have to say. This means that when
preparing your presentation, you should not only
Enthusiasm on your part will help to
gather worthwhile material but also pray to
hold the interest of your listeners; it
Jehovah for his guidance in using it to benefit those
may also rouse them to action. If you
to whom you are going to speak. (Ps. 32:8; Matt.
are enthusiastic about what you say,
7:7, 8) Analyze why your audience needs to hear
your audience will be too.
the information, how it will benefit them, and how
you can present it in such a way that they will
ENTHUSIASM helps give life to a talk. While it
appreciate its value.
is important to have informative material, it is a
lively, enthusiastic delivery that will help capture Work on your material until you have something
the attention of an audience. Regardless of your that you feel excited about. It need not be new, but
cultural background or personality, you can your approach to the subject can be fresh. If you
cultivate enthusiasm. prepare something that will truly help your
audience to strengthen their relationship with
Speak With Feeling. When speaking to a
Jehovah, to appreciate his provisions, to cope
woman of Samaria, Jesus said that those who
successfully with the pressures of life in this old
worship Jehovah must do so “with spirit and truth. ”
system, or to be effective in their ministry, then you
(John 4:24) Their worship must be motivated by
have every reason to be enthusiastic about your
appreciative hearts and be in harmony with the
truth found in God’s Word. When a person has that
depth of appreciation, it will be reflected in the way What if your assignment is to read publicly? In
he speaks. He will be eager to talk to others about order to do that enthusiastically, more is required
Jehovah’s loving provisions. His facial than being able to say the words correctly and to
expressions, his gestures, and his voice will reflect group them together properly. Study the material. If
the way he really feels. you are going to read a portion of the Bible, do
some research on it. Be sure that you understand
Why is it, then, that a speaker who loves
its basic meaning. Consider how it is beneficial to
Jehovah and who believes what he is saying may
you and to your audience, and read with a desire to
lack enthusiasm when speaking? It is not enough
convey that to those listening to you.
for him to prepare what he is going to say. He must
Are you preparing for the field ministry? Review
live his subject, be emotionally involved in it.
your subject for discussion and the scriptures that
Suppose that he is assigned to speak about the
you plan to use. Consider, too, what is on the
ransom sacrifice of Jesus Christ. When the
minds of the people. What has been in the news? his lips in check. He prayerfully tries to manifest the
What problems do they encounter? When you are fruitage of the holy spirit so that he does not get
equipped to show people that God’s Word contains overly irritated. (Galatians 5:22, 23) The prudent
the solutions to the very problems that concern one does not allow the other person or the situation
them, you feel an eagerness to do so, and to control him. Rather, he stays in control and
enthusiasm comes naturally. avoids the fights that frequently befall an individual
who quickly flares up when offended.
No. 1: The shrewd one also acts with knowledge when
Good Insight Wins Favor making decisions. He knows that wise actions are
rarely a product of guessing, acting on emotions,
w04 7/15 pp. 27-28 “Everyone Shrewd Will Act or simply following the crowd. Therefore, he takes
With Knowledge” time to investigate the situation at hand. He
gathers all the facts and determines what options
“Good insight itself gives favor,” says Solomon,
are open to him. Then he searches the Scriptures
“but the way of those dealing treacherously is
and decides which Bible laws or principles apply.
rugged." (Proverbs 13:15) The original-language
The path of such a person remains straight.
expression for “good insight,” or good
—Proverbs 3:5, 6.
understanding, “describes the capacity for good
sense, sound judgment, and wise opinions,” states
one reference work. A person having such
qualities does not find it difficult to gain the favor of
Consider the insightful way in which the apostle How Did Suffering Get Started?
Paul dealt with his fellow Christian Philemon when
sending back Philemon’s runaway slave rs p. 394 pars. 2-3 Suffering
Onesimus, who had become a Christian. Paul
How did suffering get started?
exhorted Philemon to receive Onesimus back in a
Examination of the causes focuses
kind manner, even as he might welcome the
attention on our first human parents,
apostle himself. In fact, Paul offered to make the
Adam and Eve. Jehovah God created
payment if Onesimus owed Philemon anything.
them perfect and put them in paradise
Yes, Paul could have used his authority and
surroundings. If they had obeyed God,
ordered Philemon to do the right thing. But the
they would never have got sick or died.
apostle chose to handle the matter tactfully and
They could have enjoyed perfect
lovingly. In doing so, Paul felt confident that he
human life forever. Suffering was not
would win Philemon’s cooperation, moving him to
part of Jehovah’s purpose for
do even more than what he was asked to do.
mankind. But Jehovah clearly told
Should we not also deal with fellow believers in this
Adam that continued enjoyment of
what He had given them depended on
The way of the treacherous, on the other hand, obedience. Obviously, they had to
is rugged, or “hard." (New International Version) In breathe, eat, drink, and sleep in order
what sense? According to one scholar, the word to continue living. And they had to
used here means “strong or firm, referring to the keep God’s moral requirements in
callous behavior of wicked people. . . . The man order to enjoy life fully and to be
who is set in his evil ways, callous and indifferent to favored with such life forever. But they
the wise instruction of others, is on a path to ruin." chose to go their own way, to set their
Solomon continues: “Everyone shrewd will act own standards of good and bad, and
with knowledge, but the one that is stupid will thus they turned away from God, the
spread abroad foolishness." (Proverbs 13:16) This Life-Giver. (Gen. 2:16, 17; 3:1-6) Sin
shrewd one is not a crafty person. Shrewdness led to death. It was as sinners that
here is connected with knowledge and is Adam and Eve produced children, and
associated with a prudent person, who thinks they could not pass on to their children
things out before acting. When facing unfair what they no longer had. All were born
criticism or even insult, the shrewd person keeps in sin, with inclinations toward
wrongdoing, weaknesses that could
lead to illness, a sinful inheritance that
would eventually result in death.
Because everyone on earth today was
born in sin, all of us experience
suffering in various ways. —Gen. 8:21;
Ecclesiastes 9:11 says that “time and unforeseen
occurrence” also have a bearing on what happens
to us. We may get hurt, not because the Devil
directly causes it or because any human does it,
but because by chance we are in a place at the
* What Are God's Reminders, and Why Should
We Heed Them?
May 29 high points of your talk, they will usually be the
Song 203 points designed to motivate your audience. Having
Bible reading: Psalms 26-33 convinced your audience, you need to stimulate
Speech Quality: Enthusiasm Appropriate to them, to show them the benefits of applying what
Material (be p. 116 ¶ 5-p. 117 ¶ 4) has been discussed. Your enthusiasm will help you
No. 1: You Can Improve Your Memory (be p. 17¶ reach the hearts of your listeners. Animated
1-p. 19 ¶ 1) delivery should never be forced. There should be a
No. 2: Psalm 30:1-31:8 reason for it, and your material will provide you with
No. 3: In What Ways Does the Truth Set One that reason.
No. 4: How We Can Avoid Much Suffering (rs p. HOW TO DEVELOP IT
395 ¶ 1-2) Prepare not only the information that
you will present but also your heart;
Speech Quality thus you get your emotions involved.
Enthusiasm Appropriate to Material
be study 10 Enthusiasm Give careful thought to how the points
you are going to cover will benefit
Show Enthusiasm by Animated Delivery. those to whom you speak.
Enthusiasm is most clearly manifested by
animation in your delivery. This should be evident Identify the portions that require
in your facial expression. You must sound special enthusiasm.
convinced, not dogmatic. Be thoroughly alive in your manner of
Balance is needed. Some may be inclined to get speaking. Make sure that your face
excited about everything. They may need to be reflects how you feel. Speak with
helped to realize that when a person becomes strength and vigor.
bombastic or overly emotional, his audience will be EXERCISE: Examine Joshua chapters 1 and 2,
thinking about him rather than about the message. determining where and how enthusiasm might
On the other hand, those who are shy need appropriately be expressed when reading this
encouragement to be more expressive. account. Practice reading it aloud with appropriate
Enthusiasm is contagious. If you have good
audience contact and are enthusiastic about your No. 1
talk, your audience will pick up that enthusiasm. You Can Improve Your Memory
Apollos showed animation in his speaking, and he be pp. 17-19
was described as an eloquent speaker. If you are
aglow with God’s spirit, your animated delivery will JEHOVAH GOD created the human brain with
move those who listen to you to action. —Acts the marvelous ability to remember. He designed it
18:24, 25; Rom. 12:11. to be a reservoir that could be tapped without
losing the precious things that had been put into it.
Enthusiasm Appropriate to Material. Take The brain’s design is consistent with God’s
care not to carry your enthusiasm on such a high purpose that humans should live forever. —Ps.
plane throughout your entire talk that your 139:14; John 17:3.
audience becomes exhausted. Any exhortation
that you give to act on what is being discussed will But you may feel that too much of what you take
fall on weary ears. This emphasizes the need to into your mind gets lost. It does not seem to be
prepare material that allows for variety in your there when you want it. What can you do to
delivery. Try not to lapse into a style that reflects improve your memory?
indifference. If you choose your material carefully, Take an Interest
you will be keenly interested in it. But some points
naturally call for more enthusiasm in delivery than Interest is an important factor in memory
others, and these should be skillfully interwoven improvement. If we make it a habit to be observant,
throughout your talk. to be interested in people and what is going on
around us, our mind is stimulated. It will then be
Main points particularly should be presented easier for us to respond with similar interest when
enthusiastically. Your talk must have peaks, we read or hear something of lasting value.
climaxes to which you build. Since these are the
It is not uncommon for a person to have Then in the next few days, seek an opportunity
difficulty in remembering the names of people. Yet, to review what you read by sharing the information
as Christians, we know that people are with someone else. You might do so with a family
important—fellow Christians, those to whom we member, someone in the congregation, a
witness, and others with whom we have dealings workmate, a schoolmate, a neighbor, or someone
as we care for necessary matters of life. What can you meet in the field ministry. Try to repeat not only
help us to remember the names that we really the key facts but also the Scriptural reasoning that
should? The apostle Paul listed by name 26 of goes with them. Doing this will benefit you, helping
those in a congregation to which he wrote. His to fix important things in your memory; it will also
interest in them is indicated by the fact that he not benefit others.
only knew their names but mentioned specific
Meditate on Important Things
details concerning many of them. (Rom. 16:3-16)
Some modern-day traveling overseers of In addition to reviewing what you have read and
Jehovah’s Witnesses do very well in remembering telling others about it, you will find that meditating
names, although they move from one congregation on important things that have been learned is
to another each week. What helps them? They beneficial. The Bible writers Asaph and David did
may make it a practice to use a person’s name that. Asaph said: “I shall remember the practices of
several times when they first speak together. They Jah; for I will remember your marvelous doing of
put forth effort to associate the person’s name with long ago. And I shall certainly meditate on all your
his face. Additionally, they spend time with various activity, and with your dealings I will concern
individuals in the field ministry and at meals myself." (Ps. 77:11, 12) David similarly wrote:
together. When you meet someone, will you “During the night watches I meditate on you,” and “I
remember that person’s name? Start by having a have remembered days of long ago; I have
good reason for remembering the name; then try meditated on all your activity." (Ps. 63:6; 143:5) Do
some of the foregoing suggestions. you do that?
Such deep, concentrated thinking in which you
Remembering what you read is also important.
ponder on Jehovah’s doings, his qualities, and
What can help you to improve in this regard? Both
expressions of his will does more than help you to
interest and comprehension play a part. You need
retain facts. If you make a practice of such thinking,
to care enough about what you are reading to
it will impress truly vital things on your heart. It will
focus your full attention on it. You will not retain
mold the sort of person you are inside. The
information if your mind is somewhere else while
memories that are made will represent your inmost
you are trying to read. Comprehension is improved
thoughts. —Ps. 119:16.
when you relate the information to things that are
familiar to you or to knowledge that you already
have. Ask yourself: ‘How and when can I apply this
information in my own life? How can I use it to help
someone else?’ Comprehension is also improved
if you read phrases instead of individual words.
In What Ways Does the Truth Set One Free?
You will more readily grasp ideas and identify
principal thoughts, so they are easier to remember.
Take Time to Review How We Can Avoid Much Suffering
Experts in the field of education emphasize the
rs p. 395 Suffering
value of review. In one study, a college professor
demonstrated that one minute spent in prompt Why does God not do something to
review would double the amount of information bring relief to mankind? Why
retained. So immediately after you finish your should we all suffer for something
reading—or some major portion of it—mentally that Adam did?
review the principal ideas in order to fix these in
In the Bible, God tells us how we can
your mind. Think about how you would explain in
avoid much suffering. He has provided
your own words any new points you learned. By
the very best counsel on living. When
refreshing your memory soon after you have read
applied, this fills our lives with
an idea, you will extend the length of time that you
meaning, results in happy family life,
can retain the point.
brings us into close association with
people who really love one another,
and safeguards us against practices
that can bring much needless physical
suffering. If we ignore that help, is it fair
to blame God for the trouble that we
bring upon ourselves and others?—2
Tim. 3:16, 17; Ps. 119:97-105.
Jehovah has made provision to end all
suffering. He created the first human
pair perfect, and he lovingly made
every provision so that life would be
pleasant for them. When they
deliberately turned their backs on God,
was God obligated to intervene so as
to shield their children from the effects
of what the parents had done? (Deut.
32:4, 5; Job 14:4) As we well know,
married couples may have the joys
that go with producing children, but
they also have responsibilities. The
attitudes and actions of parents affect
their children. Nevertheless, Jehovah,
as an expression of marvelous
undeserved kindness, sent his own
dearly loved Son to earth to lay down
his life as a ransom, to provide relief for
those of Adam’s offspring who would
appreciatively exercise faith in this
provision. (John 3:16) As a result, the
opportunity is open to people living
today to have what Adam lost—perfect
human life, free from suffering, in a
paradise earth. What a generous
provision that is!
See also pages 306-308
June 5 A leper comes to Jesus and begs to be healed.
Song 167 Imagine Jesus’ tone of voice when he says: “I want
Bible reading: Psalms 34-37 to. Be made clean." (Mark 1:40, 41) Picture, too,
Speech Quality: Expressing Warmth (be p. 118 ¶ the scene as a woman subject to a flow of blood for
1-p. 119 ¶ 5) 12 years quietly approaches Jesus from behind
No. 1: The Power of Prayer (w04 8/15 p. 18 ¶ 6-p. and touches the fringe of his outer garment. Upon
19 ¶ 10) realizing that she has not escaped notice, the
No. 2: Psalm 34:1-22 woman comes forward trembling, falls at Jesus’
No. 3: Why a God of Love Has Allowed Suffering feet, and discloses before all the people why she
for So Long (rs p. 395 ¶4) has touched his garment and how she has been
No. 4: From What Forms of Idolatry Must We Flee? healed. Think of the manner in which Jesus says to
her: “Daughter, your faith has made you well; go
Speech Quality: your way in peace." (Luke 8:42b-48) The warmth
Expressing Warmth that Jesus displayed on those occasions touches
be study 11 pp. 118-119 Warmth and Feeling our hearts down to this day.
When, like Jesus, we feel compassion for people
What do you need to do? and when we truly want to help them, it shows in
the way we speak to them. Such an expression of
Speak in a manner that reflects the
warmth is sincere, not excessive. Our warmth can
emotions you feel and that is
make a big difference in how people respond. Most
consistent with what you are saying.
of the things we say in the field ministry lend
Why is it important? themselves to this kind of expression, especially
It is essential if you are to reach the when we are reasoning, encouraging, exhorting,
hearts of those listening. and sympathizing.
If you have a warm feeling toward others, show
EMOTION is a fundamental part of human life. it on your face. When you manifest warmth, your
When a person expresses his emotions, he audience is drawn to you as to a fire on a cold
reveals what is in his heart, the sort of person he is night. If warmth is not evident on your face, your
inside, how he feels about situations and people. audience may not be convinced that you sincerely
Because of harsh experiences in their lives—and care about them. Warmth cannot be put on like a
in some instances because of cultural mask—it must be genuine.
influences—many people hide their emotions. But
Jehovah encourages us to cultivate positive Warmth should also be evident in your voice. If
qualities in the inner person and then to give you have a hard, coarse voice, it might be difficult
appropriate expression to what is there. —Rom. to express warmth in your speech. But with time
12:10; 1 Thess. 2:7, 8. and conscious effort, you can. One thing that might
help, from a purely mechanical standpoint, is to
When we speak, the words we use may remember that short, clipped sounds make speech
correctly identify emotions. But if our words are not hard. Learn to draw out the softer sounds in words.
expressed with corresponding feeling, those who This will help to put warmth into your speech.
hear us may doubt our sincerity. On the other
hand, if the words are expressed with appropriate Of even greater importance, however, is the
feeling, our speech can take on a beauty and a focus of your interest. If your thoughts are centered
richness that may touch the hearts of those who sincerely on those to whom you are speaking and
are listening. you have an earnest desire to convey something
that can benefit them, that feeling will be reflected
Expressing Warmth. Warm feelings are in the way you speak.
frequently associated with thoughts about people. A spirited delivery is stimulating, but tender feeling
Thus, when we speak about Jehovah’s endearing is also needed. It is not always enough for us to
qualities and when we express our appreciation for persuade the mind; we must also move the heart.
Jehovah’s goodness, our voice should be warm.
(Isa. 63:7-9) And when speaking to fellow humans,
our manner of speaking should also convey an
No. 1 “I have called with my whole heart. Answer me, O
The Power of Prayer Jehovah." (Psalm 119:145) Unlike the ritualistic
w04 8/15 pp. 18-19 Jehovah, Our ‘Fortress in prayers in many religions, our prayers are not
Times of Distress’ perfunctory or halfhearted. When we pray to
6 Jehovah with our “whole heart,” our words are
Some health experts recommend prayer as
charged with meaning and purpose. After such
treatment for depression and stress. While it may
earnest prayers, we begin to experience the relief
be true that a quiet moment of prayerlike reflection
that comes from throwing our “burden upon
may relieve stress, much the same could be said
Jehovah himself." As the Bible promises, “he
about certain sounds of nature or even a back rub.
himself will sustain” us. —Psalm 55:22; 1 Peter
True Christians do not trivialize prayer by viewing it
as just a feel-good therapy. We view prayer as
reverential communication with the Creator. Prayer
involves our devotion to and confidence in God.
Yes, prayer is part of our worship.
Our prayers must be accompanied by a sense No. 3:
of confidence, or trust, in Jehovah. The apostle Why a God of Love Has Allowed Suffering for
John wrote: “This is the confidence that we have So Long
toward him, that, no matter what it is that we ask
according to his will, he hears us." (1 John 5:14) rs p. 395 - p. 396 Suffering
Jehovah, the Supreme Being, the only true and
But why would a God of love allow
almighty God, actually gives special attention to
the suffering to continue so long?
the earnest prayers of his worshipers. Just
Have we benefited because he has allowed it until
knowing that our loving God hears us when we
now? “Jehovah is not slow respecting his promise,
share our anxieties and problems with him is
as some people consider slowness, but he is
comforting. —Philippians 4:6.
patient with you because he does not desire any to
Faithful Christians should never feel shy, be destroyed but desires all to attain to
unworthy, or lacking in confidence when repentance." (2 Pet. 3:9) If God had immediately
approaching Jehovah in prayer. True, when we are executed Adam and Eve, following their sin, none
disappointed in ourselves or are overwhelmed with of us would be in existence today. Surely that is not
problems, we might not always be inclined to what we would want. Moreover, had God at some
approach Jehovah in prayer. On such occasions later time destroyed all who were sinners, we
we do well to remember that Jehovah “shows pity would not have been born. The fact that God has
upon his own afflicted ones” and that he “comforts allowed this sinful world to exist until now has
those laid low." (Isaiah 49:13; 2 Corinthians 7:6) It afforded us the opportunity to be alive and learn his
is especially in times of anguish and distress that ways, to make needed changes in our lives, and to
we need to turn confidently to our heavenly Father avail ourselves of his loving provisions for eternal
as our fortress. life. That Jehovah has granted us this opportunity
To benefit fully from the privilege of prayer, we is an evidence of great love on his part. The Bible
must have real faith. The Bible says that “he that shows that God has a set time to destroy this
approaches God must believe that he is and that wicked system and will do so soon. —Hab. 2:3;
he becomes the rewarder of those earnestly Zeph. 1:14.
seeking him." (Hebrews 11:6) Faith is more than
just believing that God exists, that “he is." True No. 4
faith involves a strong belief in God’s ability and From What Forms of Idolatry Must We Flee?
desire to reward our life course of obedience to
him. “The eyes of Jehovah are upon the righteous
ones, and his ears are toward their supplication."
(1 Peter 3:12) A constant awareness of Jehovah’s
loving concern for us gives special meaning to our
Jehovah listens to our prayers when they are
offered with a complete heart. The psalmist wrote:
June 12 indication in verse 16 of how Judah felt about the
Song 216 reason for the calamity, and how Joseph himself
Bible reading: Psalms 38-44 reacted, as stated at Genesis 45:1.
Speech Quality: Expressing Emotion (be p. 119 ¶
Thus, whether we are reading or speaking, to
6-p. 120 ¶ 5)
do so effectively we must give thought not only to
No. 1: The Role of God's Spirit in Remembering
words and ideas but also to the feeling that ought
(be p. 19 ¶ 2 p. 20 ¶ 3)
to accompany these.
No. 2: Psalm 40:1-17
No. 3: True Science Is Not at Odds With the Bible HOW TO EXPRESS IT
No. 4: God Will Undo All the Harm His Servants
Have Suffered (rs p. 396 ¶ 1-4) Instead of being overly concerned
about the words you are using, focus
Speech Quality: on your desire to help your listeners.
Expressing Emotion Both your tone of voice and your facial
be study 11 Warmth and Feeling expression should reflect whatever
Expressing Other Feelings. Emotions such as emotion is appropriate for your
anxiety, fear, and depression might be expressed material.
by a person who is in distress. Joy is an emotion Learn by carefully observing others
that should be prominent in our lives and that we who speak expressively.
freely express when speaking to others. On the EXERCISE: Read aloud the following portions of
other hand, some emotions need to be curbed. Scripture, doing so with feeling appropriate to the
They are not consistent with the Christian material: Matthew 20:29-34; Luke 15:11-32.
personality. (Eph. 4:31, 32; Phil. 4:4) Emotions of
all sorts can be conveyed by the words we choose, No. 1
our tone of voice, the intensity with which we The Role of God's Spirit in Remembering
speak, our facial expression, and gestures. be You Can Improve Your Memory
The Bible reports on the whole range of human The Role of God’s Spirit
emotions. Sometimes it simply names emotions.
At other times it relates events or quotes When seeking to remember truths concerning
statements that reveal emotions. When you read the activities of Jehovah and the things spoken by
such material aloud, it will have a greater impact, Jesus Christ, we are not left on our own. On the
both on you and on those who are listening, if your night before his death, Jesus told his followers:
voice reflects those emotions. To do that you need “While remaining with you I have spoken these
to put yourself in the place of those about whom things to you. But the helper, the holy spirit, which
you are reading. A talk is not a theatrical the Father will send in my name, that one will teach
production, however, so be careful not to you all things and bring back to your minds all the
exaggerate. Make the passages live in the minds things I told you." (John 14:25, 26) Matthew and
of those who are listening. John were among those present. Did the holy spirit
prove to be such a helper to them? Yes, indeed!
Appropriate to the Material. As with About eight years later, Matthew completed writing
enthusiasm, the warmth you put into your the first detailed account of the life of Christ,
expression and the other emotions you express including such priceless memories as the Sermon
depend in large measure on what you are saying. on the Mount and the detailed sign of Christ’s
Turn to Matthew 11:28-30, and take note of presence and of the conclusion of the system of
what it says. Then read Jesus’ condemnation of things. Sixty-five years after Jesus’ death, the
the scribes and Pharisees, as recorded in Matthew apostle John wrote his Gospel, including details of
chapter 23. We cannot imagine him expressing what Jesus said on the last night that the apostles
these scathing words of condemnation in a dull spent with the Lord before he laid down his life. No
and lifeless way. doubt, both Matthew and John had vivid memories
of the things that Jesus had said and done while
What sort of feeling do you believe is required they were with him, but the holy spirit played a
by an account such as that in Genesis chapter 44 major role in ensuring that they did not forget
concerning Judah’s plea for his brother Benjamin?
Notice the emotion expressed in verse 13, the
important details that Jehovah wanted in his spirit can help you to remember will expand, and
written Word. your growing love for Jehovah will motivate you to
act in harmony with it.
Does the holy spirit act as a helper to servants
of God today? Definitely! Of course, the holy spirit [Box on page 17]
does not put into our minds things that we have HOW TO IMPROVE YOUR READING RECALL
never learned, but it does act as a helper to bring
After reading a portion of text, ask yourself, ‘What
back to our minds important things that we have
is the main point of what I just read?’ If you
studied in the past. (Luke 11:13; 1 John 5:14)
cannot recall the key point, then look back and
Then, as the need arises, our thinking faculties are
find it in the material
stirred to “remember the sayings previously
When you finish reading an entire chapter or
spoken by the holy prophets and the
article, test yourself again. List all the main points.
commandment of the Lord and Savior."—2 Pet.
If they do not readily come to mind, look back and
review what you read
‘You Must Not Forget’
Jehovah repeatedly cautioned Israel: ‘You must
not forget. ’ It was not that he expected them to
remember everything perfectly. But they were not
to become so wrapped up in personal pursuits that
True Science Is Not at Odds With the Bible
they pushed their recollections of Jehovah’s
dealings into the background. They were to keep
alive their memories of Jehovah’s deliverance of
God Will Undo All the Harm His Servants Have
them when his angel slew all the firstborn of Egypt
as well as when Jehovah opened the Red Sea and
then closed it, drowning Pharaoh and his army.
rs p. 396 pars. 1-4 Suffering
The Israelites were to recall that God gave them
his Law at Mount Sinai and that he led them God can and will undo all the harm that
through the wilderness and into the Promised may come upon his servants in this
Land. They were not to forget in the sense that system of things. God is not the one
memories of these things were to continue to have who is causing the suffering. But by
a profound effect on their daily lives. —Deut. 4:9, means of Jesus Christ, God will raise
10; 8:10-18; Ex. 12:24-27; Ps. 136:15. the dead, heal obedient ones of all
their illnesses, root out every trace of
We too should exercise care not to forget. As
sin, and even cause former grief to
we cope with the pressures of life, we need to
fade from our minds. —John 5:28, 29;
remember Jehovah, keeping in mind the kind of
Rev. 21:4; Isa. 65:17.
God he is and the love he manifested in the gift of
his Son, who provided a ransom for our sins so that The time that has elapsed has been
we might have perfect life forever. (Ps. 103:2, 8; needed to settle the issues that were
106:7, 13; John 3:16; Rom. 6:23) Regular Bible raised in Eden. For details, see pages
reading and active participation in congregation 363, 364, also 428-430.
meetings and in the field ministry will keep these
We personally are anxious to have
precious truths alive in us.
relief. But when God takes action, it
When faced with decisions, big or small, call to must be in behalf of all who love what
mind those vital truths, and let them influence your is right, not just a few. God is not
thinking. Do not forget. Look to Jehovah for partial. —Acts 10:34.
guidance. Instead of viewing matters simply from a Illustrations: Is it not true that a loving parent may
fleshly standpoint or trusting the impulse of an allow a child to undergo a painful operation
imperfect heart, ask yourself, ‘What counsel or because of beneficial results that can come from
principles from God’s Word should have a bearing it? Also, is it not true that “quick solutions” to painful
on my decision?’ (Prov. 3:5-7; 28:26) You cannot ailments are often only superficial? More time is
recall things that you have never read or heard. But frequently needed in order to eliminate the cause.
as you grow in accurate knowledge and love for
Jehovah, the reservoir of knowledge that God’s
June 19 the one speaking. But when these means of
Song 104 communication are tastefully blended, the
Bible reading: Psalms 45-51 effectiveness of speech is greatly enhanced. Even
Speech Quality: The Importance of Gestures and when you speak over the telephone, if you make
Facial Expressions (be p. 121 ¶ 1-4) appropriate use of gestures and facial
No. 1: When Does Jesus Come? (w04 3/1 p. 16, expressions, your voice will more readily convey
box) the importance of your message as well as your
No. 2: Psalm 46:1-47:9 personal feelings about what you are saying. Thus,
No. 3: Why God Did Not Simply Overlook Adam's whether you are speaking extemporaneously or
Sin (rs p. 396 ¶ 5-p. 397 ¶ 1) are reading, whether your audience is looking at
No. 4: How Can a Christian Be Weak and Yet you or at their own copies of the Bible, gestures
Powerful? (2 Cor. 12:10) and facial expressions are of value.
Your gestures and your facial expressions should
Speech Quality: The Importance of Gestures not be taken from a book. You never had to study
and Facial Expressions how to laugh or how to be indignant. Gestures
be study 12 p. 121 Gestures and Facial should also express feelings that are within you.
Expressions The more spontaneous your gestures, the better.
What do you need to do?
Use movements of the hands, the When Does Jesus Come?
shoulders, or the entire body to w04 3/1 p. 16 ‘The Faithful Slave’ Passes the
express ideas, sentiments, or Test!
[Box on page 16]
Use the eyes and the mouth as well as WHEN DOES JESUS COME?
the positioning of the head to reinforce In Matthew chapters 24 and 25, Jesus is said to
the spoken word and to convey “come” in different senses. He does not need to
feelings. move physically in order to “come." Rather, he
Why is it important? “comes” in the sense of turning his attention to
mankind or to his followers, often for judgment.
Gestures and facial expressions add Thus, in 1914 he “came” to begin his presence as
visual and emotional emphasis to your enthroned King. (Matthew 16:28; 17:1; Acts 1:11)
speech. They may stir up your feelings In 1918 he “came” as messenger of the covenant
and therefore enliven your voice. and began judging those claiming to serve
Jehovah. (Malachi 3:1-3; 1 Peter 4:17) At
PEOPLE of some cultures gesture more freely Armageddon, he will “come” to execute judgment
than those from other backgrounds. Yet, practically on Jehovah’s enemies. —Revelation 19:11-16.
everyone talks with changes of facial expression The coming (or, arriving) referred to a number of
and some form of gesturing. This is true both in times at Matthew 24:29-44 and 25:31-46 is at “the
personal conversation and in public speaking. great tribulation." (Revelation 7:14) On the other
Gestures were natural to Jesus and his early hand, the coming referred to a number of times at
disciples. On one occasion, someone reported to Matthew 24:45 to 25:30 has to do with his judging
Jesus that his mother and his brothers wanted to professed disciples from 1918 onward. It would not
speak with him. Jesus replied: “Who is my mother, be reasonable to say, for example, that the
and who are my brothers?” Then the Bible adds: rewarding of the faithful slave, the judgment of the
“Extending his hand toward his disciples, he said: foolish virgins, and the judgment of the sluggish
‘Look! My mother and my brothers!’” (Matt. 12:48, slave, who hid the Master’s talent, will take place
49) Among other references, the Bible shows at when Jesus “comes” at the great tribulation. That
Acts 12:17 and 13:16 that the apostles Peter and would imply that many of the anointed will be found
Paul also made spontaneous use of gestures. unfaithful at that time and will thus have to be
replaced. However, Revelation 7:3 indicates that
Ideas and feelings are communicated not only all of Christ’s anointed slaves will have been
with the voice but also by means of gestures and permanently “sealed” by that time.
facial expressions. Failure to use these well may
convey an impression of indifference on the part of No. 2
Why God Did Not Simply Overlook Adam's Sin
rs p. 396 - p. 397 Suffering
Why did God not forgive Adam and so prevent
the terrible suffering experienced by mankind?
Would that really have prevented suffering or
would it, instead, have made God responsible for
it? What happens when a father simply overlooks
deliberate wrongdoing on the part of his children
rather than take firm disciplinary measures? The
children often get involved in first one form of
wrongdoing and then another, and much of the
responsibility lies with the father.
Similarly, if Jehovah had forgiven Adam’s
deliberate sin, it would really have made God a
party to the wrongdoing. That would not have
improved conditions on earth at all. (Compare
Ecclesiastes 8:11.) Furthermore, it would have
resulted in disrespect for God on the part of his
angelic sons, and it would mean that there was no
real basis for hope of anything better. But such a
situation could never have occurred, because
righteousness is an unalterable foundation of
Jehovah’s rulership. —Ps. 89:14.
How Can a Christian Be Weak and Yet
Powerful? (2 Cor. 12:10)
June 26 As you gain experience and become more at
Song 103 ease in speaking, any emphatic gestures that you
Bible reading: Psalms 52-59 do use will express your inner feelings naturally,
Speech Quality: Using Gestures and Facial demonstrating your conviction and sincerity. They
Expressions (be p. 122 ¶ 1-p. 123 ¶ 2) will add meaning to your speech.
The Expression on Your Face. More than any
other bodily feature, your face often expresses
how you really feel. Your eyes, the shape of your
Speech Quality: mouth, the inclination of your head all play a part.
Using Gestures and Facial Expressions Without a word being spoken, your face can
be study 12 Gestures and Facial Expressions convey indifference, disgust, perplexity,
Gestures fall into two general categories: amazement, or delight. When such facial
descriptive and emphatic. Descriptive gestures expressions accompany the spoken word, they
express action or show dimension and location. In add visual and emotional impact. The Creator has
the school, when you are working on the use of placed a large concentration of muscles in your
gestures, do not be content with just one or two. face—over 30 in all. Nearly half of these come into
Try to gesture in a natural way throughout your play when you smile.
talk. If you are having difficulty in doing this, you Whether you are on the platform or are
may find it helpful to look for words that show participating in the field ministry, you are
direction, distance, size, location, or relative endeavoring to share with people a message that
positions. In many cases, however, all that you is pleasant, one that can make their hearts rejoice.
need to do is to get absorbed in your talk, not A warm smile confirms that. On the other hand, if
worrying about the impression you are making, but your face is devoid of expression, this may raise
saying and doing things as you would in daily life. questions about your sincerity.
When a person is relaxed, gestures come
naturally. More than that, a smile tells others that you
have a kindly feeling toward them. That is
Emphatic gestures express feeling and especially important in these days when people
conviction. They punctuate, vitalize, and reinforce are often afraid of strangers. Your smile can help
ideas. Emphatic gestures are important. But people to relax and to be more receptive to what
beware! Emphatic gestures can easily become you say.
mannerisms. If you use the same gesture again
and again, it may begin to draw attention to itself POINTS TO KEEP IN MIND
instead of enhancing your talk. If your school
overseer indicates that you have this problem, try The most effective gestures and facial
limiting yourself solely to descriptive gestures for a expressions spring from one’s inner
time. After a while, begin to use emphatic gestures self. Observe what others do, but do
once more. not try to imitate them in detail.
In determining the extent to which you should Study the material for your talks until
use emphatic gestures and the sort of gestures you know it well. Feel it, visualize it,
that are appropriate, consider the feelings of those and then use your voice, your hands,
to whom you are speaking. Pointing at the and your face to express it.
audience may make them feel uncomfortable. If a EXERCISES: (1) Read Genesis 6:13-22. In your
male in some cultures were to make certain own words, describe the building of the ark and the
gestures, such as putting his hand over his mouth gathering of the animals. Do not worry about
to express surprise, this would be viewed as details; simply tell what you remember. Use
effeminate. In some parts of the world, it is descriptive gestures while doing so. Ask someone
considered immodest for women to gesture freely to observe you and provide comments. (2) Talk as
with the hands. So in those places, sisters if you were witnessing to someone about God’s
especially need to make good use of facial Kingdom and the blessings that it will bring. Be
expressions. And before a small group, sweeping sure that your facial expressions reflect how you
gestures may be viewed as comical in almost any really feel about what you are describing.
part of the world.
July 3 However, where it is not offensive, looking an
Song 45 individual in the eye when making an important
Bible reading: Psalms 60-68 statement can add emphasis to what is said. It may
Speech Quality: Visual Contact in the Ministry (be be viewed as evidence of conviction on the part of
p. 124 ¶ 1-p. 125 ¶ 4) the speaker. Notice how Jesus responded when
No. 1: What Jehovah's Humility Means for Us (w04 his disciples expressed great surprise and said:
11/1 pp. 29-30) “Who really can be saved?” The Bible reports:
No. 2: Psalm 60:1-61:8 “Looking them in the face, Jesus said to them:
No. 3: Does Participation in Christian Activities ‘With men this is impossible, but with God all things
Excuse Us From Abiding by God's Laws? are possible. ’” (Matt. 19:25, 26) The Scriptures
No. 4: God Is Not the Cause of Physical and also show that the apostle Paul keenly observed
Mental Defects (rs p. 397 ¶ 2-4) the reactions of those in his audience. On one
occasion a man lame from birth was present when
Speech Quality: Paul spoke. Acts 14:9, 10 states: “This man was
Visual Contact in the Ministry listening to Paul speak, who, on looking at him
be study 13 pp. 124-125 Visual Contact intently and seeing he had faith to be made well,
said with a loud voice: ‘Stand up erect on your feet.
What do you need to do? ’”
Look at those to whom you are Suggestions for the Field Ministry. When you
speaking, allowing your eyes to meet share in the field ministry, be friendly and warm as
for a few seconds if that is acceptable you approach people. Where appropriate, use
locally. See individuals, not merely a thought-provoking questions to start a
group. conversation on something that may be of mutual
interest. As you do this, endeavor to establish eye
Why is it important?
contact—or at least to look the person in the face in
In many cultures, eye contact is a respectful and kindly way. A warm smile on the
viewed as an indication of interest in face of one whose eyes convey inner joy is very
the person being addressed. It is also appealing. Such an expression may tell the
viewed as evidence that you speak individual much about what sort of person you are
with conviction. and help him to feel more relaxed as you converse.
Observing the expression in the person’s eyes,
OUR eyes communicate attitudes and
where appropriate, may give you indications as to
emotions. They may indicate surprise or fear. They
how to deal with a situation. If the person is angry
may convey compassion or love. At times, they
or if he is really not interested, you may be able to
may betray doubt or give evidence of grief.
see it. If he does not understand you, you may
Concerning his countrymen, who had suffered
realize that. If he is getting impatient, you will
much, an elderly man said: “We speak with our
usually be able to tell. If he is keenly interested, this
too will be evident. The expression in his eyes may
Others may draw conclusions about us and alert you to the need to adjust your pace, to make
about what we say on the basis of where we focus added effort to involve him in the conversation, to
our eyes. In many cultures, people tend to trust an terminate the discussion or, possibly, to follow
individual who maintains friendly eye contact with through with a demonstration of how to study the
them. Conversely, they may doubt the sincerity or Bible.
competence of a person who looks at his feet or at
Whether you are engaging in public witnessing
some object rather than at the one to whom he is
or conducting a home Bible study, endeavor to
talking. Some other cultures view any intensive
maintain respectful eye contact with the one with
eye contact as rude, aggressive, or challenging.
whom you are speaking. Do not stare at him,
This is especially the case when speaking with
however, as that can be embarrassing. (2 Ki. 8:11)
members of the opposite sex or to a chief or other
But in a natural, friendly manner, frequently look
titled person. And in some areas, if a younger
the other person in the face. In many lands, this
person were to make direct eye contact when
conveys a feeling of sincere interest. Of course,
speaking to an older person, this would be viewed
when you are reading from the Bible or some other
publication, your eyes will be focused on the
printed page. But to emphasize a point, you may have dealings with each one of us. This gives us
want to look directly at the person, though doing so confidence that we may count on his unfailing help in
briefly. If you look up at intervals, this will also even the most difficult of circumstances. There is no
enable you to observe his reaction to what is being reason to fear that he will forget us. With regard to his
people of ancient Israel, Jehovah is aptly spoken of as
the one “who during [their] low condition remembered
If shyness makes visual contact difficult for you at [them]: for his loving-kindness is to time
first, do not give up. With practice, appropriate indefinite."—Psalm 136:23.
visual contact will become natural, and it may add As Jehovah’s present-day servants, we may suffer
to your effectiveness in communicating with adversity as David did. It may be that we face ridicule
others. from those who do not know God, or perhaps we are
struggling with poor health or have experienced
No. 1: bereavement. Whatever our situation, if our heart is
What Jehovah’s Humility Means for Us sincere, we can approach Jehovah in prayer, appealing
w04 11/1 pp. 29-30 to his mercy. Jehovah will ‘bend down’ to take note of us
and listen to our prayers. The inspired psalmist wrote:
“The eyes of Jehovah are toward the righteous ones,
DAVID was a man who knew adversity. He and his ears are toward their cry for help." (Psalm 34:15)
suffered mistreatment at the hands of King Saul, Does it not touch your heart to reflect on Jehovah’s
his jealous father-in-law. Three times Saul tried to endearing quality of humility?
kill David with a spear and for years hunted him
incessantly, forcing him to become a fugitive. (1 No. 2:
Samuel 18:11; 19:10; 26:20) Yet, Jehovah proved (Psalms 60:1-61:8)
to be with David. Jehovah saved him not only from
Saul but also from other enemies. We can, No. 3:
therefore, appreciate David’s sentiments, Does Participation in Christian Activities
expressed in song: “Jehovah is my crag and my Excuse Us From Abiding by God's Laws?
stronghold and the Provider of escape for me. . . .
You [Jehovah] will give me your shield of salvation, No. 4:
and it is your humility that makes me great." (2 God Is Not the Cause of Physical and Mental
Samuel 22:2, 36) David achieved a measure of Defects
greatness in Israel. How, then, was Jehovah’s rs p. 397 pars. 2-4 Suffering
God does not cause such defects. He created
When the Scriptures speak of Jehovah as being the first human pair perfect, with the ability to bring
humble, they do not mean that he is limited in any forth perfect children in their own likeness. —Gen.
way or that he is subject to others. Instead, this 1:27, 28.
beautiful quality indicates that he has deep
compassion for humans who sincerely strive to We have inherited sin from Adam. That
gain his approval and extends mercy to them. At inheritance carries with it the potential for physical
Psalm 113:6, 7, we read: “[Jehovah] is and mental defects. (Rom. 5:12; for further details
condescending to look on heaven and earth, see page 394.) This inheritance of sin is with us
raising up the lowly one from the very dust." His from the time of conception in the womb. It is for
“condescending” means that “he bends down to that reason that King David wrote: “In sin my
see” or that “he is humbling Himself to look." mother conceived me." (Ps. 51:5) If Adam had not
(Today’s English Version; Young’s Literal sinned, there would be only desirable traits to
Translation of the Holy Bible) So from the heavens transmit. (For comments on John 9:1, 2, see page
Jehovah himself ‘bent down,’ or ‘humbled himself,’ 319.)
in order to pay attention to David, an imperfect but Parents can harm their unborn offspring—for
humble man who desired to serve God. Therefore, example, by drug abuse or by smoking during
David reassures us: “Jehovah is high, and yet the pregnancy. Of course, it is not true that in every
humble one he sees." (Psalm 138:6) The merciful, case the mother or the father is responsible for
patient, and compassionate way in which Jehovah birth defects or poor health of their child.
dealt with David should encourage all who seek to
do God’s will.
Though Jehovah as the Sovereign occupies the
most exalted position in the universe, he is willing to
July 10 notes, audience contact will suffer. Consideration
Song 225 should be given both to how often you look at your
Bible reading: Psalms 69-73 notes and to when you do so. If you are looking at
Speech Quality: Visual Contact When Giving a your notes while you are reaching a climax in the
Discourse (be p. 125 ¶ 5-p. 127 ¶ 1) talk, not only will you fail to see your audience’s
No. 1: Why Apply Yourself to Reading? (be p. 21 ¶ reaction but your delivery will lose some of its
1-p. 23 ¶ 3) force. Likewise, if you are constantly consulting
No. 2: Psalm 71:1-18 your notes, you will lose audience contact.
No. 3: Jehovah Lovingly Extends to Children the
When you throw a ball to someone, you look to
Benefits of Christ's Ransom Sacrifice (rs p. 397 ¶
see if it is caught. Each thought in your talk is a
separate “throw” to the audience. A “catch” may be
No. 4: * Why Christians Must Be Impartial
indicated by their response—a nod, a smile, an
attentive look. If you maintain good visual contact,
Speech Quality: this can help you to make sure that your ideas are
Visual Contact When Giving a Discourse being “caught."
be study 13 Visual Contact
If you are assigned to read to the congregation,
When Giving a Discourse. The Bible tells us should you try to look at the audience during the
that before Jesus began his Sermon on the Mount, reading? If the audience is following your reading
“he lifted up his eyes upon his disciples." (Luke in the Bible, most of them will not be aware of
6:20) Learn from his example. If you are going to whether you look up or not. But looking at your
speak before a group, face them and then pause a audience can help to invigorate your reading
few seconds before you start to talk. In many because it will keep you keenly aware of their
places this will include making eye contact with reaction. And for any in the audience who are not
some in the audience. This brief delay may help using their Bibles and whose minds may be
you to overcome your initial nervousness. It will wandering, visual contact with the speaker may
also help the audience to adjust themselves to help bring their attention back to what is being
whatever attitude or emotion your face reveals. read. Of course, you will only be able to look up
Additionally, your doing this will permit the briefly, and it should not be done in a manner that
audience to settle down and be ready to give you causes you to stumble in your reading. To that end,
their attention. it is best to hold your Bible in your hand and to
During your talk, look at the audience. Do not keep your head up, not with the chin dropped
merely look at the group as a whole. Endeavor to toward the chest.
look at individuals in it. In almost every culture, At times, elders are called on to deliver a
some degree of eye contact is expected on the part convention discourse from a manuscript. Doing
of a public speaker. this effectively requires experience, careful
Looking at your audience means more than preparation, and much practice. Of course, use of
simply making a rhythmic eye movement from one a manuscript limits visual contact with the
side to the other. Make respectful visual contact audience. But if the speaker has prepared well, he
with someone in the audience, and if appropriate, should be able to look at his audience from time to
say a full sentence to that individual. Then look at time without losing his place. His doing so will help
another, and say a sentence or two to that person. hold the attention of the audience and enable them
Do not look at anyone so long that he becomes to benefit fully from the important spiritual
uncomfortable, and do not concentrate on only a instruction being presented.
few people in the entire audience. Continue to
move your eyes through the audience in this way, POINTS TO KEEP IN MIND
but as you speak to a person, really talk to that one Be natural and friendly, genuinely
and notice his reaction before you pass on to interested in those to whom you
Your notes should be on the speaker’s stand, in When reading, hold the reading
your hand, or in your Bible so that you can glance material in your hand and keep your
at these with only an eye movement. If it is chin up so that you need to move only
necessary to move your entire head to see your your eyes, not your head.
EXERCISE: In everyday conversation with family conjunction with the Theocratic Ministry School.
and friends, endeavor to increase your eye contact Even where such classes are not available, a
with others, doing so in ways that will not offend person can make good progress by taking some
local custom. time each day to read aloud and by regularly
attending and participating in the school.
Sadly, comics and television, among other
Why Apply Yourself to Reading?
things, have pushed reading into the background
be pp. 21-23 Apply Yourself to Reading
in the lives of many people. Television viewing and
limited reading may hinder the development of a
ANIMALS cannot do what you are doing right
person’s reading skills and his ability to think and to
now. One out of every 6 humans has not learned to
reason clearly and to express himself well.
read—often because of the lack of opportunity to
attend school—and of those who have, many do Publications that help us to understand the
not do so regularly. Yet, your ability to read the Bible are provided by “the faithful and discreet
printed page allows you by this means to travel to slave." These make available a wealth of
other lands, to meet people whose lives can enrich information concerning vital spiritual matters.
yours, and to gain practical knowledge that will (Matt. 24:45; 1 Cor. 2:12, 13) They also keep us
help you cope with the concerns of life. abreast of important world developments and their
meaning, help us to become better acquainted with
The ability to read influences how much a young
the natural world, and teach us ways to cope with
person gets from his schooling. When he seeks
issues that concern us. Above all, they focus on
employment, his reading ability may influence the
how to serve God acceptably and gain his
kind of work that he is able to get and the number
approval. Such wholesome reading will help you to
of hours that he has to work in order to make a
develop as a spiritual person.
living. Housewives who read well are better able to
Of course, the ability to read well is not a virtue in
care for their families with regard to proper
itself. The skill needs to be used in the proper way.
nutrition, hygiene, and prevention of sickness.
Like eating, reading must be done selectively. Why
Mothers who are good readers may also exercise
eat food that offers no real nourishment or that may
a very positive influence on the intellectual
even poison you? In like manner, why read
development of their children.
material, even casually, that can corrupt the mind
The greatest benefit that comes from reading, of and heart? Bible principles should provide the
course, is that it can enable you to “find the very standard against which we measure whatever
knowledge of God." (Prov. 2:5) Many of the ways in reading material we choose. Before deciding what
which we serve God involve the ability to read. The you will read, have in mind such scriptures as
Scriptures and Bible-based publications are read Ecclesiastes 12:12, 13; Ephesians 4:22-24; 5:3, 4;
at congregation meetings. Your effectiveness in Philippians 4:8; Colossians 2:8; 1 John 2:15-17;
the field ministry is greatly affected by the way you and 2 John 10.
read. And preparation for these activities involves
reading. For that reason your spiritual growth No. 2:
depends to a large extent on your reading habits. (Psalm 71:1-18)
Make Good Use of the Opportunity
Some who are learning God’s ways have had a Jehovah Lovingly Extends to Children the
limited education. They may need to be taught to Benefits of Christ's Ransom Sacrifice
read in order to improve their spiritual
advancement. Or they may need personal rs p. 397 par. 5 Suffering
assistance in improving their reading skills. Where Jehovah lovingly extends to children the benefits of
there is a local need, congregations endeavor to Christ’s ransom sacrifice. Out of consideration for
organize literacy classes based on the publication parents who faithfully serve God, he views their
Apply Yourself to Reading and Writing. Many young children as holy. (1 Cor. 7:14) This
thousands have benefited greatly from this motivates God-fearing parents to be careful about
provision. Because of the importance of being able their own standing with God, out of loving concern
to read well, some congregations arrange for for their offspring. To young ones who are old
reading-improvement classes to be held in enough to exercise faith and demonstrate
obedience to God’s commands, Jehovah extends
the privilege of having an approved standing as his
servants. (Ps. 119:9; 148:12, 13; Acts 16:1-3) It is
noteworthy that Jesus, who was a perfect
reflection of his Father, showed special interest in
the welfare of young ones, even raising a child
from the dead. Surely he will continue to do that as
Messianic King. —Matt. 19:13-15; Luke 8:41, 42,
* Why Christians Must Be Impartial
July 17 his presentation will be successful. None of this is
Song 28 unusual, but problems arise when too much
Bible reading: Psalms 74-78 attention is given to such things. If you get nervous
Speech Quality: Naturalness in the Field Ministry before engaging in the ministry, what can help?
(be p. 128 ¶ 1-p. 129 ¶ 1) Careful preparation and fervent prayer to Jehovah.
No. 1: Read With the Proper Motive (be p. 23 ¶ (Acts 4:29) Think about Jehovah’s great mercy in
4-p. 26 ¶ 5) inviting people to enjoy perfect health and eternal
No. 2: Psalm 75:1-76:12 life in Paradise. Think about those whom you are
No. 3: What Does Seeking Jehovah Involve? endeavoring to help and their need to hear the
(Zeph. 2:3) good news.
No. 4: God Is Not Using Natural Disasters to
Remember, too, that people have free will, so
Punish People (rs p. 398 ¶ 1-3)
they can either accept or reject the message. The
same was true when Jesus witnessed in ancient
Speech Quality: Israel. Your assignment is simply to preach. (Matt.
Naturalness in the Field Ministry 24:14) Even when people do not let you talk, your
be study 14 pp. 128-129 Naturalness very presence will give a witness. You will have
What do you need to do? succeeded because you let Jehovah use you to
Be yourself—conversational, sincere, accomplish his will. On those occasions when you
and unaffected. do have opportunity to talk, what will characterize
your speech? If you learn to focus your thoughts on
Why is it important? the needs of others, your speech will be appealing
If you are nervous, stiff, or awkward in and natural.
your speech because of being When giving a witness, if you act and speak as you
self-conscious, others may be do every day, this will put your listeners at ease.
distracted from what you say. They may even be more receptive to the Scriptural
thoughts that you want to share with them. Rather
EXPRESSING yourself in a natural manner than giving them a formal discourse, converse with
helps you win the confidence of others. Would you them. Be friendly. Show an interest in them, and
put your confidence in something said by someone welcome their comments. Of course, where the
who spoke to you from behind a mask? Would it language or local culture calls for certain protocols
make a difference if the face on the mask was to show respect when speaking to strangers, you
more handsome than the speaker’s own face? Not would want to observe these. But you can always
likely. So rather than using a disguise, be yourself. be ready with a relaxed smile.
Naturalness should not be confused with No. 1:
carelessness. Poor grammar, wrong Read With the Proper Motive
pronunciation, and muffled speech are not be Apply Yourself to Reading
appropriate. Slang should also be avoided. We
always want to manifest appropriate dignity, both The importance of the proper motive in reading
in our speech and in our bearing. Someone who becomes clear upon examination of the Gospel
manifests such naturalness is neither overly formal accounts. In Matthew’s Gospel, for example, we
nor overly concerned about impressing others. find Jesus asking well-versed religious leaders
such questions as “Have you not read?” and “Did
In the Field Ministry. When you approach a you never read this?” prior to his giving them the
house or step up to someone in a public place with Scriptural answers to their crafty questions. (Matt.
a view to giving a witness, do you feel nervous? 12:3, 5; 19:4; 21:16, 42; 22:31) One lesson we
Most of us do, but for some the feeling is more learn from this is that if our motive for reading is
persistent than for others. Tension may cause the improper, we can draw incorrect conclusions or
voice to sound somewhat strained or shaky, or miss the point altogether. The Pharisees were
nervousness may manifest itself in awkward reading the Scriptures because they thought that
movements of the hands or the head. by means of them, they would get everlasting life.
A publisher may encounter this problem for a That reward, as Jesus pointed out, is not granted
number of reasons. Perhaps he is thinking about to those who do not love God and accept His
the impression he will make or wondering whether means of salvation. (John 5:39-43) The intentions
of the Pharisees were selfish; hence, many of their visualize the dimensions and materials or imagine
conclusions were wrong. the scent of the incense, the roasted grain, and the
animals presented as burnt offerings. Think how
Love for Jehovah is the purest motive we can
awe-inspiring it must have been to carry out
have for reading his Word. Such love stirs us to
priestly services! (Luke 1:8-10) Involving your
learn God’s will, for love “rejoices with the truth." (1
senses and your emotions in this way will help you
Cor. 13:6) Even if we did not enjoy reading in the
grasp the significance of what you are reading and
past, loving Jehovah with our “whole mind” will
will serve as a memory aid.
move us to apply our minds vigorously to take in
the knowledge of God. (Matt. 22:37) Love awakens If you are not careful, though, when you try to
interest, and interest stimulates learning. read, your mind may wander. Your eyes may look
at the page, but your thoughts may be elsewhere.
Consider the Pace
Is music playing? Is the television on? Are family
Reading goes hand in hand with recognition. members talking? If possible, it is best to read in a
Even as you are reading right now, you are quiet location. However, the distraction may come
recognizing words and remembering their from within. Perhaps you had a busy day. Alas,
meaning. You can increase the pace of your how easy it is to replay the day’s activities in your
reading if you broaden out the area of recognition. mind! It is good, of course, to review the day’s
Instead of stopping to look at each word, try to see events—but not when you are reading. Perhaps
several words at a time. As you develop this ability, you start out with your mind focused, or you may
you will find that you more clearly understand what even open your reading session with a prayer. But
you are reading. then as you read, your mind begins to drift. Try
When reading deeper material, however, what again. Discipline yourself to keep your mind
you derive from your efforts may be increased by focused on the material you are reading.
using a different method. Counseling Joshua on Gradually, you will see improvement.
his reading of the Scriptures, Jehovah said: “This What do you do when you come to a word that
book of the law should not depart from your mouth, you do not understand? Some unfamiliar words
and you must in an undertone read in it." (Josh. may be defined or discussed in the text. Or you
1:8) Speaking in an undertone is often done when may be able to discern the meaning from the
a person is musing. Therefore, the Hebrew term context. If not, take the time to look the word up in a
that is rendered “in an undertone read” is also dictionary if one is available, or mark the word so
translated “meditate." (Ps. 63:6; 77:12; 143:5) that you can ask someone the meaning later. This
When meditating, a person thinks deeply; he does will broaden your vocabulary and contribute toward
not rush. Reading in a contemplative manner your reading comprehension.
allows God’s Word to have a greater impact on the
mind and heart. The Bible contains prophecy,
counsel, proverbs, poetry, pronouncements of When the apostle Paul told Timothy to continue
divine judgment, details regarding Jehovah’s applying himself to reading, Paul was specifically
purpose, and an abundance of real-life referring to reading for the benefit of others. (1 Tim.
examples—all valuable to those who want to walk 4:13) Effective public reading involves more than
in Jehovah’s ways. How beneficial to read the simply calling out words from a page. The reader
Bible in a manner that allows it to be deeply needs to understand the meaning of the words and
impressed on your mind and heart! comprehend the thoughts they express. Only when
he does that can he convey the ideas correctly and
Learn to Concentrate
reproduce the emotions accurately. This, of
As you read, put yourself in each scene being course, requires thorough preparation and
described. Try to see the characters in your mind’s practice. Hence, Paul exhorted: “Continue
eye, and participate emotionally in the experiences applying yourself to public reading." You will
taking place in their lives. This is relatively easy receive valuable training in this skill in the
when reading an account such as the one about Theocratic Ministry School.
David and Goliath, recorded in 1 Samuel chapter
Make Time to Read
17. But even details in Exodus and Leviticus about
the construction of the tabernacle or the installation “The plans of the diligent one surely make for
of the priesthood will come to life when you advantage, but everyone that is hasty surely heads
for want." (Prov. 21:5) How true that is with respect often in today’s news. He is not using these to
to our desire to read! To get the “advantage,” we bring punishment on certain peoples. To a large
need to plan diligently so that other activities do not extent, these are caused by natural forces that
crowd out our reading. have been operating since the earth’s creation.
The Bible foretold great earthquakes and food
When do you read? Do you benefit by reading
shortages for our day, but that does not mean that
early in the morning? Or are you more alert later in
either God or Jesus is responsible for them, any
the day? If you can set aside even 15 or 20
more than a meteorologist is responsible for the
minutes each day to do some reading, you will be
weather that he forecasts. Because these are
amazed at how much you can accomplish. The key
occurring along with all the other things foretold in
the composite sign of the conclusion of this system
Why has Jehovah chosen to have his grand of things, they are part of the evidence that the
purposes written down in a book? So that people blessings of God’s Kingdom are near. —Luke
can consult his written Word. This enables them to 21:11, 31.
consider Jehovah’s wonderful works, to tell these
Humans often bear heavy responsibility for
to their children, and to commit to memory God’s
harm done. In what way? Even when given ample
practices. (Ps. 78:5-7) Our appreciation for
warning, many people refuse to get out of the
Jehovah’s generosity in this matter is best shown
danger area or fail to take needed precautions.
by the way that we apply ourselves to reading his
—Prov. 22:3; compare Matthew 24:37-39.
God can control such natural forces. He
[Box on page 21] empowered Jesus Christ to calm a storm on the
WHAT IS INCLUDED IN YOUR READING Sea of Galilee, as an example of what He will do
PROGRAM? for mankind under His Messianic Kingdom. (Mark
Is the Bible at the top of your list? 4:37-41) By turning his back on God, Adam
rejected such divine intervention on behalf of
Do you regularly read the Watchtower and Awake! himself and his offspring. Those who are granted
magazines? life during Christ’s Messianic Reign will experience
Do you read new Bible study literature soon after it such loving care, the kind of care that only a
is received? government empowered by God can give. —Isa.
When given your copy of Our Kingdom Ministry,
do you read what has been provided there to
help you in your ministry?
How many of the older publications of Jehovah’s
Witnesses have you read?
What Does Seeking Jehovah Involve?
God Is Not Using Natural Disasters to Punish
rs p. 398 Suffering
Why does God permit “natural disasters,”
which cause extensive damage to property and
God is not causing the earthquakes, hurricanes,
floods, droughts, and volcanic eruptions that are so
July 24 Then when on the platform, you will more readily
Song 112 speak and act with appealing naturalness.
Bible reading: Psalms 79-86
Speech Quality: Naturalness on the Platform (be No. 1:
p. 129 ¶ 2-p. 130 ¶ 1) “The Tent of the Upright Ones Will Flourish”
No. 1: "The Tent of the Upright Ones Will Flourish" w04 11/15 pp. 26-28
(w04 11/15 p. 26 ¶ 1-p. 28 ¶ 2)
No. 2: Psalm 82:1-83:18 WHEN the storm of Har–Magedon breaks loose
No. 3: Adversity Should Not Be Considered Proof and brings an end to Satan’s wicked system of
of God's Disapproval (rs p. 398 ¶ 4-p. 399 ¶ 1) things, “the house of wicked people will be
No. 4: Can Imperfect Humans Really Please God? annihilated." What about “the tent of the upright
ones”? Why, in the new world of God’s making, it
Speech Quality: “will flourish."—Proverbs 14:11.
Naturalness on the Platform Until the time when ‘the wicked are cut off from
be study 14 pp. 129-130 Naturalness the very earth and the treacherous are torn away
On the Platform. When you speak to a group, a from it,’ however, the blameless must exist side by
natural, conversational style of delivery is usually side with them. (Proverbs 2:21, 22) Can the upright
best. Of course, when the audience is large, you ones flourish under these circumstances? Verses
need greater voice projection. If you try to 1 to 11 of chapter 14 in the Bible book of Proverbs
memorize your talk or if your notes are too show that by letting wisdom guide our speech and
detailed, you are probably overly concerned about actions, we can enjoy a measure of prosperity and
wording things precisely. Appropriate wording is stability even now.
important, but when it is given too much attention, When Wisdom Builds Up a Household
delivery becomes stiff and formal. Naturalness is
lost. Your ideas should be carefully thought out in Commenting on the wife’s influence on the
advance, but give most of your attention to the welfare of the family, King Solomon of ancient
ideas, not the exact wording. Israel says: “The truly wise woman has built up her
house, but the foolish one tears it down with her
The same is true when you are being own hands." (Proverbs 14:1) How does a woman
interviewed at a meeting. Be well prepared, but do possessing wisdom build up her household? A
not read or memorize your answers. Deliver them wise woman respects God’s arrangement of
with natural modulation so that your comments will headship. (1 Corinthians 11:3) She is not
have an appealing spontaneity. influenced by the spirit of independence that
Even desirable speech qualities taken to an permeates Satan’s world. (Ephesians 2:2) She is
extreme may strike an audience as being in submission to her husband and speaks well of
unnatural. For example, you should speak him, increasing the respect others may have for
distinctly and use proper pronunciation but not to him. A wise woman takes an active part in the
the extent that your speech sounds stiff or artificial. spiritual and practical education of her children.
Emphatic or descriptive gestures, when done well, She works hard for the good of the household,
can enliven your talk, but gestures that are stiff or making the home a pleasant and comfortable
grandiose will detract from what you are saying. place for the family. Her style of management is
Use ample volume, but try not to be excessively marked by prudence and economy. A truly wise
loud. It is good occasionally to put fire into your woman contributes to the prosperity and stability of
delivery, but you should avoid being bombastic. her household.
Modulation, enthusiasm, and feeling should all be A foolish woman lacks respect for God’s
used in a manner that does not draw attention to arrangement of headship. She does not hesitate to
yourself or make your audience feel speak ill of her husband. Not being thrifty, she
uncomfortable. squanders the household’s hard-earned
Some people naturally have a precise way of resources. She also wastes time. As a result, the
expressing themselves, even when they are not house is not well kept, and the children suffer
giving a talk. Others are more colloquial in their physically and spiritually. Yes, the foolish one tears
speech. The important thing is to speak well every down her household.
day and to conduct yourself with Christian dignity.
What, though, determines whether a person is harvest will not be great." The farmer must choose
wise or foolish? Proverbs 14:2 states: “The one wisely.
walking in his uprightness is fearing Jehovah, but
Would not the principle of this proverb also
the one crooked in his ways is despising Him." The
apply when we consider changing employment,
upright one fears the true God, and “the fear of
choosing a certain type of housing, purchasing a
Jehovah is the beginning of wisdom." (Psalm
car, acquiring a house pet, and the like? A wise
111:10) A truly wise person knows that it is his
person would weigh the advantages and the
obligation to “fear the true God and keep his
disadvantages and evaluate whether the endeavor
commandments." (Ecclesiastes 12:13) On the
is really worth the effort and expense.
other hand, the foolish one follows a course that is
not in harmony with God’s standards of When a Witness Is Wise
uprightness. His ways are crooked. Such a person “A faithful witness is one that will not lie,”
despises God, saying in his heart: “There is no continues Solomon, “but a false witness launches
Jehovah."—Psalm 14:1. forth mere lies." (Proverbs 14:5) The lies of a false
When Lips Are Guided by Wisdom witness certainly can do much harm. Naboth the
Jezreelite was stoned to death because two
What can be said about the speech of a person
good-for-nothing men falsely testified against him.
who fears Jehovah and of the one who despises
(1 Kings 21:7-13) And did not false witnesses
Him? “The rod of haughtiness is in the mouth of the
come forward against Jesus, leading to his death?
foolish one,” says the king, “but the very lips of the
(Matthew 26:59-61) False witnesses also testified
wise ones will guard them." (Proverbs 14:3)
against Stephen—the first disciple of Jesus to be
Lacking the wisdom from above, a foolish person is
killed because of his faith. —Acts 6:10, 11.
neither peaceable nor reasonable. The wisdom
that guides his steps is earthly, animal, demonic. A man of untruth may go unexposed for the time
He utters words that are contentious and arrogant. being, but consider his future. Jehovah hates “a
The haughtiness in his mouth stirs up much trouble false witness that launches forth lies,” states the
for himself and others. —James 3:13-18. Bible. (Proverbs 6:16-19) Such a man’s portion will
be in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur—the
The lips of a wise person guard, or protect, him,
second death—along with such wrongdoers as
adding to his sense of well-being. How? The
murderers, fornicators, and idolaters. —Revelation
Scriptures state: “There exists the one speaking
thoughtlessly as with the stabs of a sword, but the
The faithful witness does not commit perjury when
tongue of the wise ones is a healing." (Proverbs
testifying. His testimony is not tainted with lies.
12:18) The words of a wise person are not rash or
However, this does not mean that he is under
cutting. His heart meditates so as to answer.
obligation to give full information to those who may
(Proverbs 15:28) His well-thought-out speech is
want to bring harm to Jehovah’s people in some
healing—it encourages the depressed souls and
way. The patriarchs Abraham and Isaac withheld
refreshes the downtrodden. Rather than irritating
facts from some who did not worship Jehovah.
others, his lips promote peace and calmness.
(Genesis 12:10-19; 20:1-18; 26:1-10) Rahab of
When Wisdom Guides Human Endeavors Jericho misdirected the king’s men. (Joshua 2:1-7)
Jesus Christ himself refrained from divulging total
Solomon next presents an intriguing proverb
information when doing so would have caused
that seems to deal with the need to weigh the
needless harm. (John 7:1-10) He said: “Do not give
advantages and the disadvantages of undertaking
what is holy to dogs." Why not? So that “they may
a certain task. He says: “Where there are no cattle
never . . . turn around and rip you open."—Matthew
the manger is clean, but the crop is abundant
because of the power of a bull."—Proverbs 14:4.
Commenting on the meaning of this proverb, No. 2:
one reference work states: “An empty crib (Psalms 82:1-83:18)
[manger] indicates that there are no oxen [cattle] to
feed, and hence one is free of the trouble of
cleaning and caring for the animals, and expenses
would be less. But this ‘advantage’ is offset in
v[erse] 4b: without the use of oxen, it is implied, the
Adversity Should Not Be Considered Proof of
rs p. 398 - p. 399 Suffering
Are people who suffer adversity being
punished by God because of wickedness?
Those who violate godly standards of living do
experience bad effects. (Gal. 6:7) Sometimes they
reap a bitter harvest quickly. In other instances,
they may seem to prosper for a long time. In
contrast, Jesus Christ, who never did wrong, was
cruelly mistreated and put to death. So, in this
system of things prosperity should not be viewed
as proof of God’s blessing, nor should adversity be
considered proof of his disapproval.
When Job lost his possessions and was afflicted
with loathsome disease, that was not because of
God’s disapproval. The Bible clearly says that
Satan was responsible. (Job 2:3, 7, 8) But
companions who came to visit Job argued that
Job’s plight must prove that he had done
something wicked. (Job 4:7-9; 15:6, 20-24)
Jehovah reproved them, saying: “My anger has
grown hot against you . . . for you men have not
spoken concerning me what is truthful as has my
servant Job."—Job 42:7.
Can Imperfect Humans Really Please God?
July 31 When preparing a talk, give principal
Song 57 attention to ideas, not precise wording.
Bible reading: Psalms 87-91
When delivering a talk and when
Speech Quality: Naturalness When Reading
speaking in everyday conversation,
Publicly (be p. 130 ¶ 2-4)
avoid careless speech habits as well
No. 1: When "Knowledge Is an Easy Thing" and
as the tendency to use speech
Wisdom Guides Us (w04 11/15 p. 28 ¶ 3-p. 29 ¶ 7)
qualities in a manner that draws
No. 2: Psalm 89:1-21
attention to yourself.
No. 3: Study of the Bible Is Part of Our Worship
No. 4: Material Prosperity Should Not Be Prepare well for public reading. Read
Considered Proof of God's Blessing (rs p. 399 ¶ with feeling and a keen awareness of
EXERCISES: (1) Read Malachi 1:2-14 silently,
Speech Quality: and take note of those who are speaking. Now
Naturalness When Reading Publicly read it aloud with appropriate expressiveness. (2)
be study 14 Naturalness On three separate occasions before sharing in the
field ministry, read the first two paragraphs of this
When Reading Publicly. Naturalness in public lesson as well as the material under the
reading requires effort. To achieve it, identify the subheading “In the Field Ministry,” on page 128.
principal ideas in the material that you are going to Make an effort to apply the counsel.
read, and observe how these are developed. Have
these clearly in mind; otherwise, you will simply be No. 1:
reading words. Check the pronunciation of When "Knowledge Is an Easy Thing" and
unfamiliar words. Practice reading aloud so as to Wisdom Guides Us
get proper inflection and to group the words
together in a way that conveys thoughts clearly. Do w04 11/15 pp. 28-29 “The Tent of the Upright
it again and again until your reading is fluent. Get Ones Will Flourish”
to know the material well enough that when you
read it aloud, your reading sounds like spirited When “Knowledge Is an Easy Thing”
conversation. That is naturalness. Is wisdom a possession of all people? Proverbs
Of course, most of our public reading is from our 14:6 states: “The ridiculer has sought to find
Bible-based publications. Apart from reading wisdom, and there is none; but to the
assignments in the Theocratic Ministry School, we understanding one knowledge is an easy thing." A
read scriptures in the field ministry and when giving ridiculer, or scoffer, may seek wisdom, but true
talks from the platform. Brothers are assigned to wisdom eludes him. Since a ridiculer arrogantly
read material being considered at the Watchtower scoffs at the things of God, he fails to gain the
Study and at the Congregation Book Study. Some basic prerequisite for wisdom—accurate
qualified brothers receive assignments to read knowledge of the true God. His pride and
manuscripts before convention audiences. arrogance prevent him from learning about God
Whether you read the Bible or other materials, and gaining wisdom. (Proverbs 11:2) Why does he
read portions that embody quotations in a way that even bother to look for wisdom? The proverb does
makes the material live. If a number of characters not say, but perhaps he does so in order that
are quoted, alter your voice somewhat for each others may think that he is wise.
one. A word of caution: Do not be overly dramatic, “Knowledge is an easy thing” to an
but do put life into the reading in a natural way. understanding person. Understanding is defined
Reading that is natural is conversational. It does as “a mental grasp: comprehension,” “the capacity
not sound artificial but has conviction. to apprehend general relations of particulars." It is
the ability to connect various aspects of a subject
HOW TO DO IT and see the whole matter, not just the isolated
parts. This proverb is saying that knowledge
Speak in your everyday manner. comes easy to a person who has this ability.
Focus your thoughts, not on yourself,
but on Jehovah and on the need for In this regard, consider your own experience of
people to learn about him. gaining knowledge of Scriptural truth. When you
started to study the Bible, very likely the basic share with them precisely what we are
teachings about God, his promises, and his Son experiencing? And can one at all times fully
were among the first truths you learned. For a time understand how another person feels? The answer
they remained separate details. But as you to both questions is No.
continued to study, the pieces began to fit together
As an example, consider suicidal feelings. The
and you could clearly see how various details
one having them often cannot clearly communicate
related to Jehovah’s overall purpose for humans
these feelings to a family member or a friend. And
and the earth. The truth from the Bible became
others cannot always recognize signs of such
logical and connected. Learning and remembering
feelings in their associates. We need not feel guilty
new details then became easier because you
when we do not see these signs and fail to take
could see where to place them in the total picture.
helpful action. This proverb also teaches that
The wise king warns of where knowledge is not although it is comforting to turn to an empathetic
to be found. “Go away from in front of the stupid friend for emotional support, humans are limited in
man,” he says, “for you will certainly not take note the comfort they can offer. We may have to rely on
of the lips of knowledge." (Proverbs 14:7) A stupid Jehovah alone when it comes to enduring some
person lacks true knowledge. Lips that utter difficulties.
knowledge do not belong to him. The advice is to
“Valuable Things and Riches Are in His House”
get away from such a man, and it is wise to stay
away from him. Anyone “having dealings with the “The house of wicked people will be
stupid ones will fare badly."—Proverbs 13:20. annihilated,” states the king of Israel, “but the tent
of the upright ones will flourish." (Proverbs 14:11)
“The wisdom of the shrewd is to understand his
A wicked person may prosper in this system of
way,” continues Solomon, “but the foolishness of
things and may live in a well-built house, but of
stupid ones is deception." (Proverbs 14:8) A wise
what benefit will that be to him when he himself is
person gives thought to his actions. He considers
no more? (Psalm 37:10) On the other hand, the
the various options that are open to him and
dwelling place of an upright one may be quite
ponders the possible outcome to which each one
humble. But “valuable things and riches are in his
leads. He chooses his course wisely. What about a
house,” says Psalm 112:3. What are these?
stupid person? He chooses a foolish way,
When our words and deeds are guided by wisdom,
believing that he knows what he is doing and that
we have the “riches and glory” that exist with
he is making the best choice. His foolishness
wisdom. (Proverbs 8:18) They include a peaceful
relationship with God and our fellowman, a sense
When Wisdom Guides Relationships of well-being, and a measure of stability. Yes, “the
tent of the upright ones” can flourish even now.
The one guided by wisdom has peaceful
relationships with others. “Foolish are those who
make a derision of guilt,” observes the king of
Israel, “but among the upright ones there is
agreement." (Proverbs 14:9) The feeling of guilt, or
remorse, is a laughing matter to a fool. He has
Study of the Bible Is Part of Our Worship
damaged relationships at home and elsewhere
because he is “too arrogant to make amends” and
seek peace. (The New English Bible) The upright
person is willing to make allowances for the
shortcomings of others. He is ready to apologize
and make amends when he himself is in the wrong.
Because he pursues peace, he enjoys happy and
stable relationships with others. —Hebrews 12:14.
Solomon next points to a limiting factor in
human relationships. He says: “The heart is aware
of the bitterness of one’s soul, and with its rejoicing
no stranger will intermeddle." (Proverbs 14:10)
Can we always express our innermost
emotions—whether sadness or joy—to others and
Material Prosperity Should Not Be Considered
Proof of God's Blessing
rs p. 399 pars. 2-3 Suffering
Wicked ones may, in fact, prosper for a while.
Asaph wrote: “I became envious of the boasters,
when I would see the very peace of wicked people.
They are not even in the trouble of mortal man, and
they are not plagued the same as other men. They
scoff and speak about what is bad; about
defrauding they speak in an elevated style. Look!
These are the wicked, who are at ease indefinitely.
They have increased their means of
maintenance."—Ps. 73:3, 5, 8, 12.
The day of accounting with God will come. At that
time he will punish the wicked, destroying them
forever. Proverbs 2:21, 22 says: “The upright are
the ones that will reside in the earth, and the
blameless are the ones that will be left over in it. As
regards the wicked, they will be cut off from the
very earth; and as for the treacherous, they will be
torn away from it." Then the upright ones, many of
whom have suffered adversity, will enjoy perfect
health and a generous share of earth’s abundant
Aug. 7 our breath, and our clothing should be clean so
Song 190 that others do not find us offensive. Those who
Bible reading: Psalms 92-101 give talks or share in demonstrations in front of the
Speech Quality: Personal Cleanliness Adorns the congregation should set a fine example in this
Message (be p. 131 ¶ 1-3) regard. Giving attention to our personal
No. 1: How to Study (be p. 271']I-p. 311']2) appearance shows respect for Jehovah and for his
No. 2: Psalm 92:1-93:5 organization.
No. 3: Does Speaking in Tongues Prove That One
Has God's Spirit? (rs p. 400 ¶ 3-p. 401 ¶ 2) No. 1:
No. 4: The Importance of Moral Integrity How to Study
be pp. 27-31 Study Is Rewarding
Personal Cleanliness Adorns the Message HAVE you ever watched people select fruit?
be study 15 p. 131 Good Personal Appearance Most observe its color and size to determine its
What do you need to do? ripeness. Some people smell the fruit. Others
touch it, even squeeze it. Still others weigh it,
Be neat, clean, and modest in your putting one piece in each hand to detect which is
clothing. Hair should be neatly heavier with juice. What are these people thinking?
combed. Posture should convey an They are analyzing details, evaluating differences,
attentive attitude. remembering previous selections, and comparing
Why is it important? what they now see with what they already know. A
tasty reward awaits them because they give
Your personal appearance may careful attention to the matter.
influence how others view your
Christian beliefs and the way of life Of course, the rewards for studying God’s Word
that you represent. are far greater. When such study occupies an
important place in our lives, our faith becomes
YOUR personal appearance says much about stronger, our love deepens, our ministry becomes
you. While Jehovah sees what the heart is, more productive, and decisions that we make give
humans generally draw conclusions from “what greater evidence of discernment and godly
appears to the eyes." (1 Sam. 16:7) When you are wisdom. Concerning such rewards, Proverbs 3:15
clean and well-groomed, others will likely conclude says: “All other delights of yours cannot be made
that you have self-respect, and they will be more equal to it." Are you experiencing such rewards?
inclined to listen to you. Your being appropriately The way that you study may be a factor. —Col. 1:9,
dressed will also reflect well on the organization 10.
that you represent and on your listeners’ view of What is study? It is more than superficial
the God you worship. reading. It involves using your mental faculties in
Guidelines to Apply. The Bible does not set careful or extended consideration of a subject. It
out many rules about personal appearance. But it includes analyzing what you read, comparing it
does provide balanced principles that can help us with what you already know, and taking note of
make sound decisions. Fundamental to all of these reasons given for statements made. When
is the fact that we “do all things for God’s glory." (1 studying, think deeply on any ideas expressed that
Cor. 10:31) What principles come into play relative may be new to you. Consider, too, how you might
to our personal appearance? personally apply Scriptural counsel more fully. As a
First, the Bible encourages us to be clean, both in Witness of Jehovah, you will also want to think
our body and in our clothing. In his Law to ancient about opportunities to use the material to help
Israel, Jehovah set out requirements regarding others. Obviously, study includes meditation.
cleanliness. For example, when the priests were Getting Into the Right Frame of Mind
on duty, they were to bathe and wash their
garments at designated times. (Lev. 16:4, 24, 26, When preparing to study, you lay out such
28) Christians are not under the Mosaic Law, but things as your Bible, whatever publications you
principles embodied in it are still valid. (John 13:10; plan to use, a pencil or pen, and perhaps a
Rev. 19:8) Especially when we are going to a place notebook. But do you also prepare your heart? The
of worship or sharing in the field ministry, our body, Bible tells us that Ezra “prepared his heart to
consult the law of Jehovah and to do it and to teach may still mark important points that you want to
in Israel regulation and justice." (Ezra 7:10) What remember. If a thought is new to you, spend a little
does such heart preparation involve? extra time on it to be sure that you understand it
well. Be on the lookout for illustrations or lines of
Prayer enables us to approach the study of
reasoning that will be useful to you in the field
God’s Word with the proper attitude. We want our
ministry or that might be incorporated in an
heart, our inmost self, to be receptive to the
upcoming talk assignment. Think of specific people
instruction that Jehovah gives us. At the beginning
whose faith might be strengthened if you share
of each study session, petition Jehovah for the
with them what you are studying. Mark the points
help of his spirit. (Luke 11:13) Ask him to help you
that you want to use, and review them when you
understand the meaning of what you will study,
complete your study.
how it relates to his purpose, how it can help you to
discern between good and bad, how you should As you consider the material, look up the cited
apply his principles in your life, and how the scriptures. Analyze how each scripture relates to
material affects your relationship with him. (Prov. the general thrust of the paragraph.
9:10) As you study, “keep on asking God” for
You may encounter points that you do not
wisdom. (Jas. 1:5) Honestly evaluate yourself in
readily understand or that you would like to explore
the light of what you learn as you seek Jehovah’s
more thoroughly. Instead of letting them sidetrack
help in getting rid of erroneous thoughts or hurtful
you, make a note to give these further
desires. Always “respond to Jehovah with
consideration later. Points are often clarified as
thanksgiving” for the things he reveals. (Ps. 147:7)
you make your way through the material. If not, you
This prayerful approach to study leads to intimacy
can do additional research. What things might be
with Jehovah, since it enables us to respond to him
noted for such attention? Perhaps there is a
as he speaks to us through his Word. —Ps.
scripture quoted that you do not understand
clearly. Or you may not readily see how it applies
Such receptiveness differentiates Jehovah’s to the subject being discussed. Perhaps you feel
people from other students. Among those who lack that you understand a certain idea in the material
godly devotion, it is fashionable to doubt and but not well enough to explain it to someone else.
challenge what is written. But that is not our Rather than simply passing these by, it may be
attitude. We trust Jehovah. (Prov. 3:5-7) If we do wise to do research on them after you have
not understand something, we do not finished what you started to study.
presumptuously conclude that it must be in error.
When the apostle Paul wrote his detailed letter
While searching and digging for the answers, we
to the Hebrew Christians, he paused midway
wait on Jehovah. (Mic. 7:7) Like Ezra, we have the
through it to say: “This is the main point." (Heb. 8:1)
goal of acting on and teaching what we learn. With
Do you give yourself a reminder like that from time
this inclination of heart, we are in line to reap rich
to time? Consider why Paul did so. In the
rewards from our study.
preceding chapters of his inspired letter, he had
How to Study already shown that Christ as God’s great High
Priest had entered heaven itself. (Heb. 4:14–5:10;
Instead of simply starting with paragraph 1 and
6:20) Yet, by isolating and emphasizing that main
working your way through to the end, first take time
point at the beginning of chapter 8, Paul prepared
to preview the entire article or the chapter in the
the minds of his readers to think deeply on how it
material. Begin by analyzing the wording of the
related to their lives. He pointed out that Christ had
title. This is the theme of what you will be studying.
appeared before the person of God in their behalf
Then take careful note of how the subheadings
and had opened the way for their own entry into
relate to the theme. Examine any illustrations,
that heavenly “holy place." (Heb. 9:24; 10:19-22)
charts, or teaching boxes that accompany the text.
The surety of their hope would help move them to
Ask yourself: ‘Based on this preview, what do I
apply the further counsel that this letter contained
expect to learn? In what way will it be of value to
regarding faith, endurance, and Christian conduct.
me?’ This gives direction to your study.
Similarly, when we study, focusing on the main
Now get the facts. Watchtower study articles points will help us discern the development of the
and some books include printed questions. As you theme and will impress on our minds the sound
read each paragraph, it is beneficial to mark the reasons for acting in harmony with it.
answers. Even if there are no study questions, you
Will your personal study move you to act? This the truth. ’ (John 16:13) Do the
is a vital question. When you learn something, ask members of each of these religions
yourself: ‘How should this affect my attitude and believe that the others who also
my goals in life? How can I apply this information in “speak in tongues” have been guided
solving a problem, making a decision, or reaching into “all the truth”? How could that be,
a goal? How can I use it with my family, in the field since they are not all in agreement?
ministry, in the congregation?’ Consider these What spirit is making it possible for
questions prayerfully, contemplating real situations them to “speak in tongues”?
in which you can put your knowledge to work. A joint statement by the Fountain Trust and the
After completing a chapter or an article, take time Church of England Evangelical Council admitted:
for a brief review. See if you can recall the main “We are also aware that a similar phenomenon can
points and the supporting arguments. This step will occur under occult/demonic influence." (Gospel
help you to retain the information for future use. and Spirit, April 1977, published by the Fountain
Trust and the Church of England Evangelical
No. 2: Council, p. 12) The book Religious Movements in
(Psalms 92:1-93:5) Contemporary America (edited by Irving I.
Zaretsky and Mark P. Leone, quoting L. P.
No. 3: Gerlach) reports that in Haiti ‘speaking in tongues’
Does Speaking in Tongues Prove That One is characteristic of both Pentecostal and Voodoo
Has God's Spirit? religions. —(Princeton, N. J.; 1974), p. 693; see
rs p. 400 - p. 401 Tongues, Speaking in also 2 Thessalonians 2:9, 10.
Does the Bible say that all who would have
God’s spirit would “speak in tongues”?
The Importance of Moral Integrity
1 Cor. 12:13, 30: “Truly by one spirit we were all
baptized into one body . . . Not all have gifts of
healings, do they? Not all speak in tongues, do
they?” (Also 1 Corinthians 14:26)
1 Cor. 14:5: “Now I would like for all of you to
speak in tongues, but I prefer that you prophesy.
Indeed, he that prophesies is greater than he that
speaks in tongues, unless, in fact, he translates,
that the congregation may receive upbuilding."
Does ecstatic speech in a language that a
person never learned prove that he has holy
Can the ability to “speak in
tongues” come from a source other
than the true God?
1 John 4:1: “Beloved ones, do not
believe every inspired expression
[“every spirit,” KJ, RS], but test the
inspired expressions to see whether
they originate with God." (See also
Matthew 7:21-23; 2 Corinthians 11:14,
Among those ‘speaking in tongues’
today are Pentecostals and Baptists,
also Roman Catholics, Episcopalians,
Methodists, Lutherans, and
Presbyterians. Jesus said that the holy
spirit would ‘guide his disciples into all
Aug. 14 The apostle Peter showed that even more
Song 1 important than hairstyles and outer garments is
Bible reading: Psalms 102-105 apparel associated with “the secret person of the
Speech Quality: How Modesty and Soundness of heart." (1 Pet. 3:3, 4) When our hearts are filled
Mind Affect One's Dress and Grooming (be p. 131 with love, joy, peace, kindness, and faith that is
¶ 4-p. 132 ¶ 3) solidly based, these will become to us spiritual
No. 1: "How Many Your Works Are, 0 Jehovah!" garments that truly honor God.
(w04 11/15 pp. 8-9)
No. 2: Psalm 104:1-24 No. 1:
No. 3: Why We Must Keep on the Watch "How Many Your Works Are, 0 Jehovah!"
No. 4: Why Is Speaking in Tongues Today w04 11/15 “How Many Your Works Are, O
Different From That Done by First-Century Jehovah!”
Christians? (rs p. 401 ¶3-p. 402 ¶1)
The Splendor of Jehovah’s Creation
How Modesty and Soundness of Mind Affect WHETHER we live in the country or in a city,
One's Dress and Grooming high up in the mountains or way down by the sea,
be study 15 pp. 131-132 Good Personal we are surrounded by the awe-inspiring splendor
Appearance of creation. Fittingly, the 2004 Calendar of
Jehovah’s Witnesses features a panorama of
Second, the Bible exhorts us to cultivate Jehovah God’s astounding handiwork.
modesty and soundness of mind. The apostle Paul
urged Christian women to “adorn themselves . . . Appreciative humans have always concerned
with modesty and soundness of mind, not with themselves with God’s works. For example,
styles of hair braiding and gold or pearls or very consider Solomon, whose wisdom “was vaster
expensive garb, but in the way that befits women than the wisdom of all the Orientals." The Bible
professing to reverence God." (1 Tim. 2:9, 10) says: “He would speak about the trees, from the
Modesty and soundness of mind are also cedar that is in Lebanon to the hyssop that is
important in the dress and grooming of men. coming forth on the wall; and he would speak
about the beasts and about the flying creatures
A person who is modest is concerned about not and about the moving things and about the fishes."
needlessly offending others and not drawing (1 Kings 4:30, 33) Solomon’s father, King David,
undue attention to himself. Soundness of mind often meditated on God’s masterpieces. He was
results in discretion, or good judgment. The person moved to exclaim to his Maker: “How many your
who displays these qualities has balance that works are, O Jehovah! All of them in wisdom you
results from respect for godly standards. have made. The earth is full of your
Manifesting these qualities does not rule out productions."—Psalm 104:24.
dressing in an attractive manner but helps us to be
sensible in our appearance and to avoid We too do well to observe and study creation.
extravagant styles of dress and grooming. (1 John For instance, we might well “raise [our] eyes high
2:16) We want to apply these principles whether up” and ask: “Who has created these things?”
we are at a place of worship, sharing in the field Why, it is Jehovah God, who has an “abundance of
ministry, or engaging in other activities. Even our dynamic energy” and who truly is “vigorous in
casual dress should reflect modesty and power”!—Isaiah 40:26.
soundness of mind. At school or on our secular job, How should meditation on Jehovah’s creative
there will be opportunities to do informal works affect us? In at least three ways. It can (1)
witnessing. While we may not be dressed in the remind us to cherish our life, (2) move us to help
same manner as when attending meetings, others to learn from creation, and (3) impel us to
conventions, and assemblies, our dress should still get to know and appreciate our Creator more fully.
be neat, clean, and modest.
Our life as humans, far superior to that of
Of course, we do not all dress alike. We are not “unreasoning animals,” enables us to observe and
expected to. People have different tastes, and this value the wonders of creation. (2 Peter 2:12) Our
is quite proper. But Bible guidelines should always eyes can see the graceful landscape. Our ears can
be applied. hear the melodious songs of birds. And our sense
of time and place gives us reference points that his conceptions, interpreting a system that is His
become fond memories. Even though our present and not ours."—Louis Agassiz, American biologist.
life is not perfect, it is definitely worth living!
Parents can enjoy their children’s natural
fascination with creation. How children love to find
shells on the seashore, to pet an animal, to climb a
tree! Parents will want to help their young ones to
Why We Must Keep on the Watch
see the connection between creation and the
Creator. The awe and respect that children
develop for Jehovah’s creation can stay with them
Why Is Speaking in Tongues Today Different
throughout life. —Psalm 111:2, 10.
From That Done by First-Century Christians?
We would be extremely shortsighted were we to rs p. 401 - p. 402 Tongues, Speaking in
admire the creation but fail to appreciate the
Is the ‘speaking in tongues’ that is
Creator. Isaiah’s prophecy helps us to reflect on
done today the same as that done
this very point when it says: “Have you not come to
by first-century Christians?
know or have you not heard? Jehovah, the Creator
of the extremities of the earth, is a God to time In the first century, the miraculous gifts
indefinite. He does not tire out or grow weary. of the spirit, including the ability to
There is no searching out of his “speak in tongues,” verified that God’s
understanding."—Isaiah 40:28. favor had shifted from the Jewish
system of worship to the newly
Yes, Jehovah’s works give evidence of his
established Christian congregation.
peerless wisdom, his unrivaled power, and his
(Heb. 2:2-4) Since that objective was
deep love for us. When we see the beauty around
accomplished in the first century, is it
us and discern the qualities of the One who made it
necessary to prove the same thing
all, may we be moved to echo David’s words:
again and again in our day?
“There is none like you . . . , O Jehovah, neither are
there any works like yours."—Psalm 86:8. In the first century, the ability to “speak
in tongues” gave impetus to the
We can be assured that obedient humans will international work of witnessing that
continue to be fascinated by Jehovah’s creative Jesus had commissioned his followers
works. Throughout eternity, we will have endless to do. (Acts 1:8; 2:1-11; Matt. 28:19) Is
opportunities to learn more about Jehovah. that how those who “speak in tongues”
(Ecclesiastes 3:11) And the more we learn about use that ability today?
him, the more we will come to love our Creator.
In the first century, when Christians
[Box on page 9] Praise for the Creator ‘spoke in tongues,’ what they said had
Many appreciative scientists see the hand of God meaning to people who knew those
in creation. Following are a few examples: languages. (Acts 2:4, 8) Today, is it not
“The significance and joy in my science comes in true that ‘speaking in tongues’ usually
those occasional moments of discovering involves an ecstatic outburst of
something new and saying to myself, ‘So that’s unintelligible sounds?
how God did it. ’ My goal is to understand a little In the first century, the Bible shows,
corner of God’s plan."—Henry Schaefer, professor congregations were to limit the
of chemistry. ‘speaking in tongues’ to two or three
“As to the cause of the Universe, in context of persons who might do that at any given
expansion, that is left for the reader to insert, but meeting; they were to do it “each in
our picture is incomplete without Him turn,” and if there was no interpreter
[God]."—Edward Milne, British cosmologist. present they were to keep silent. (1
“We know that nature is described by the best of Cor. 14:27, 28, RS) Is that what is
all possible mathematics because God created being done today?
it."—Alexander Polyakov, Russian mathematician. See also pages 381, 382, under the heading
“In our study of natural objects we are “Spirit."
approaching the thoughts of the Creator, reading
Aug. 21 As the experience of Dinah illustrates, “if you
Song 201 make friends with stupid people, you will be
Bible reading: Psalms 106-109 ruined." (Proverbs 13:20, Today’s English Version)
Speech Quality: The Value of Well-Arranged Remember that in Biblical usage, the “stupid” one
Dress (be p. 132 ¶ 4-p. 133 ¶ 1) is somebody who does not know Jehovah or who
No. 1: Youths--Do Not Blindly Follow Your Peers chooses not to walk in his ways.
(w04 10/15 p. 22 ¶ 4-p. 24 ¶ 4)
It may not be easy, however, to reject the
No. 2: Psalm 107:20-43
viewpoints or practices of your classmates. María
No. 3: God's Word Helps Us to Reason On Claims
José explains: “I wanted other youths to accept
That Some Make About Having God's Spirit (rs p.
me. Since I didn’t want them to think that I was
402 ¶ 3-6)
different, I copied them as closely as possible."
No. 4: In What Ways Can We Imitate God?
Without realizing it, you may be affected by your
peers—in your choice of music, in what you want
Speech Quality: to wear, or even in how you speak. Perhaps you
The Value of Well-Arranged Dress feel comfortable with youths of your own age. That
be study 15 pp. 132-133 Good Personal is natural, but it leaves you susceptible to their
Appearance considerable influence, which may be destructive.
Third, the Bible urges us to consider whether —Proverbs 1:10-16.
our appearance is well arranged. At 1 Timothy 2:9, Caroline recalls the difficulty she faced a few
mention is made of “well-arranged dress." While years ago: “From the age of 13, most of the girls
the apostle Paul was referring to the attire of around me had boyfriends, and for several years I
women, the same principle applies to men. was under constant pressure to follow their
Something that is well arranged is neat and example. My mother, however, steered me
orderly. Whether we have much materially or not, through this difficult time. She spent hours listening
we can have a neat appearance. to me, reasoning with me, and helping me to see
One of the first aspects of personal appearance the need to postpone such relationships until I was
that is noticed by others is our hair. It ought to be more mature."
neat, or well arranged. Both local custom and Like Caroline’s mother, your parents may feel
hereditary factors have a bearing on how people obligated to warn you about peer pressure or even
wear their hair. At 1 Corinthians 11:14, 15, we find to restrict certain activities or friendships. Nathan
counsel from the apostle Paul on hairstyles, which remembers several clashes with his parents on
evidently took into consideration both of these such issues. “My friends often invited me to go out
factors. However, when a person’s hairstyle with them,” he explains, “but my parents didn’t
conveys the impression that he or she is trying to want me to hang around in large groups or go to
look like a person of the opposite sex, this is in large unsupervised parties. At the time, I couldn’t
conflict with Bible principles. —Deut. 22:5. understand why other parents were more
For men, a neat personal appearance may include permissive than mine."
being clean-shaven. In areas where mustaches
are widely viewed as dignified, any who wear these Later, however, Nathan did understand. “I know
should keep them neatly trimmed. that in my case ‘foolishness was tied up with the
heart of a boy,’” he admits. “This foolishness
No. 1: seems to surface easily when boys hang around in
Youths--Do Not Blindly Follow Your Peers groups. One starts something bad, another goes a
w04 10/15 Youths—Let Your Parents Help You step further, and a third takes it beyond that. Soon
Guard Your Heart! all the others are urged to join in. Even young ones
who profess to serve Jehovah can fall into this
The Persuasive Power of Your Peers trap."—Proverbs 22:15.
A strong tide or current can drive a ship off Nathan and María José both had a battle with
course. To counteract this force, the ship has to be their hearts when their parents did not allow them
steered in another direction. In a similar way, the to do things their peers suggested. They listened,
persuasive influence of other youths can push you though, and afterward they were glad that they did.
off course spiritually unless you take The proverb says: “Incline your ear and hear the
words of the wise ones, that you may apply your guide you, to lead you in the way of wisdom. The
very heart to my knowledge."—Proverbs 22:17. rewards can be incalculable.
“When wisdom enters into your heart and
Worthy of Honor
knowledge itself becomes pleasant to your very
A ship that lists is hard to maneuver, and if it soul, thinking ability itself will keep guard over you,
lists too much, it can easily capsize. Because of discernment itself will safeguard you, to deliver you
our imperfect nature, all of us lean toward the from the bad way, from the man speaking perverse
selfish and the forbidden. Despite these things, from those leaving the paths of uprightness
tendencies, young ones can still reach port, as it to walk in the ways of darkness . . . For the upright
were, if they carefully follow their parents’ are the ones that will reside in the earth, and the
guidance. blameless are the ones that will be left over in it.
For example, your parents can help you reject ”—Proverbs 2:10-13, 21.
the idea that there is a middle road between the
narrow one to life and the broad one to destruction. No. 2:
(Matthew 7:13, 14) It is unrealistic to think that you (Psalm 107:20-43)
can enjoy a little of what is wrong but not go all the
way, that you can “taste” without swallowing. No. 3:
Those who try to follow such a course are “limping God's Word Helps Us to Reason On Claims
upon two different opinions”—serving Jehovah to a That Some Make About Having God's Spirit
certain extent but also loving the world and the rs p. 402 Tongues, Speaking in
things in the world—and can easily capsize Might the holy spirit be directing
spiritually. (1 Kings 18:21; 1 John 2:15) Why does charismatics into practices that
that happen? Because of our sinful tendencies. reach beyond what is found in the
Our imperfect desires get stronger if we give in Scriptures?
to them. Our ‘treacherous heart’ will not be 2 Tim. 3:16, 17: “All Scripture is
satisfied with just a morsel. It will demand more. inspired of God and beneficial for
(Jeremiah 17:9) Once we start drifting spiritually, teaching, for reproving, for setting
the world will exercise greater and greater things straight, for disciplining in
influence on us. (Hebrews 2:1) You may not notice righteousness, that the man of God
that you are listing spiritually, but likely your may be fully competent, completely
Christian parents will. True, they may not be as equipped for every good work." (If
quick as you are at learning a computer program, someone claims to have an inspired
but they know much more than you do about the message that conflicts with revelations
wayward heart. And they want to help you to “lead made by God’s spirit through Jesus
your heart on in the way” that can result in life. and his apostles, could it possibly be
—Proverbs 23:19. from the same source?)
Of course, do not expect your parents to judge Gal. 1:8: “Even if we or an angel out of
matters perfectly when they have to give you heaven were to declare to you as good
guidelines in difficult areas, such as music, news something beyond [“at variance
entertainment, and grooming. Your parents may with,” NE] what we declared to you as
not have the wisdom of Solomon or the patience of good news, let him be accursed."
Job. Like a ship’s pilot, they might sometimes err
Does the way of life of members of
on the side of caution. Still, their guidance will
organizations that look with favor
prove invaluable if you pay attention to “the
on ‘speaking in tongues’ give
discipline of your father, and do not forsake the law
evidence that they have God’s
of your mother."—Proverbs 1:8, 9.
Other youths may talk disparagingly of their
As a group do they outstandingly
parents. Yet, if your parents are striving to follow
manifest such fruits of the spirit as
the Scriptures, they stand at your side, in all kinds
mildness and self-control? Are these
of weather, at all times, in the face of all
qualities readily evident to persons
adversities. Like the ship’s captain who is advised
who attend their meetings for
by an experienced pilot, you need your parents to
worship?—Gal. 5:22, 23.
Are they truly “no part of the world”? Because of
this do they give full devotion to the Kingdom of
God or are they involved in the world’s political
affairs? Have they remained clean of bloodguilt
during wartime? As a group do they have a fine
reputation because of avoiding the world’s immoral
conduct?—John 17:16; Isa. 2:4; 1 Thess. 4:3-8.
In What Ways Can We Imitate God?
Aug. 28 close the minds of people to whom we want to
Song 125 witness.
Bible reading: Psalms 110-118
Speech Quality: Good Personal Appearance
Gives No Cause for Stumbling (be p. 133 ¶ 2-4)
Good Personal Appearance Gives No Cause
be study 15 p. 133 Good Personal Appearance
Fourth, our appearance should not reflect love
of the world and its ways. The apostle John
cautioned: “Do not be loving either the world or the
things in the world." (1 John 2:15-17) Many sinful
desires characterize this world. Among these John
mentions the desire of the sinful flesh and the
showy display of one’s possessions. The
Scriptures also draw attention to the spirit of
rebellion, or disobedience to authority. (Prov.
17:11; Eph. 2:2) These desires and attitudes are
often manifest in the way that people dress and
groom themselves. As a result, their appearance
may be immodest, sensual, gaudy, unkempt,
careless, or sloppy. As Jehovah’s servants, we
avoid styles that reflect such unchristian ways.
Rather than imitate the world, how much better
to allow the fine example of spiritually mature men
and women in the Christian congregation to
influence your dress and grooming! Young men
who hope to be public speakers someday can
observe the attire of those who already qualify to
give public talks. All can learn from the example set
by individuals who have loyally shared for many
years in the public ministry. —1 Tim. 4:12; 1 Pet.
Fifth, in deciding what is appropriate, we ought
to keep in mind that “even the Christ did not please
himself." (Rom. 15:3) Jesus’ foremost concern was
the doing of God’s will. Jesus also put helping
others ahead of personal convenience. When it
comes to certain styles of dress and grooming, if
anything would raise a barrier between us and the
people where we are now serving, what should we
do? Imitating the humble spirit shown by Christ can
help us to decide wisely. The apostle Paul set out
the principle: “In no way are we giving any cause
for stumbling." (2 Cor. 6:3) For that reason we may
forgo hairstyles or items of attire that would tend to
Sept. 4 another place would be consistent with having your
Song 59 equipment well arranged. Realize, too, that placing
Bible reading: Psalm 119 the Bible or other religious publications on the floor
Speech Quality: Good Posture and Neat is viewed as very disrespectful in some cultures.
Equipment (be p. 133 ¶ 5-p. 134 ¶ 4)
Good personal appearance should be important
No. 1: Study Is Rewarding (be p. 31 ¶ 3-p. 32 ¶ 4)
to us. It also influences how others view us. But
No. 2: Psalm 119:25-48
above all, we give it careful attention because we
No. 3: Why We Show Respect for Secular
desire to “adorn the teaching of our Savior, God, in
all things."—Titus 2:10.
No. 4: Speaking in Tongues Does Not Identify True
Christians Today (rs p. 403 ¶ 1-3) CHECK YOUR APPEARANCE
Is everything clean?
Speech Quality: Does your appearance reflect modesty
Good Posture and Neat Equipment and good judgment?
be study 15 Good Personal Appearance Is everything well arranged?
Posture. Good personal appearance also Is your hair neat?
involves proper posture. Of course, we do not all Is there anything about your
carry ourselves in the same way, and we do not appearance that might reflect love of
endeavor to conform to a certain pattern. However, the world?
it is noteworthy that according to Bible usage,
Is there any good reason to think that
standing erect conveys a sense of personal dignity
your appearance could stumble
and optimism. (Lev. 26:13; Luke 21:28)
Nevertheless, because of working for years in a
EXERCISE: Once a day for a full week, regardless
stooped position or because of advancing years or
of what activity you plan, check yourself against
physical weakness, a brother or a sister may not
the list “Check Your Appearance,” on page 132.
be able to stand straight or may need to lean
against something for support. But for those who
are able to do so, standing reasonably erect when
Study Is Rewarding
speaking to others is recommended so as not to
be p. 31- 32
convey an indifferent or apologetic attitude.
Likewise, while it is not wrong for a speaker What to Study
occasionally to rest his hands on the speaker’s
As Jehovah’s people, we have plenty to study.
stand, a more positive impression is generally
But where should we start? Each day, we do well
conveyed to the audience if he does not lean on
to study the text and comments from Examining
the Scriptures Daily. Each week, we attend
Neat Equipment. Not only should our personal congregation meetings, and study done in
appearance be clean and well arranged but our preparation for these will help us to benefit to a
equipment for use in the ministry should also be greater extent. In addition to this, some have
clean and neat. wisely invested time in studying some of our
Christian publications that were printed prior to
Consider your Bible. It is not possible for all of
their learning the truth. Others select some portion
us to obtain a new Bible when ours has become
of their weekly Bible reading and do deeper study
worn. Nevertheless, no matter how long we have
of those verses.
had our Bible, it should give evidence that it has
been handled with care. What if your circumstances do not permit you to
study carefully all the information that will be
There are, of course, many ways to pack a
considered at the weekly congregation meetings?
witnessing case, but it should be neat. Have you
Avoid the pitfalls of rushing through the material
ever seen papers fall out of a Bible when a
just to get it done or, worse, of not studying any of it
publisher was preparing to read a scripture to the
because you cannot do it all. Instead, determine
householder or perhaps when a brother was giving
how much you can study, and do that well. Do it
a talk to the congregation? You were distracted,
each week. In time, endeavor to broaden out to
were you not? If papers kept in a Bible are a source
include the other meetings.
of distraction, it may be that your keeping them in
“Build Up Your Household” Marvelous as that is, it should not cause us to
become proud. Instead, daily examination of God’s
Jehovah recognizes that family heads must
Word helps us to remain humble. (Deut. 17:18-20)
work hard to provide for their loved ones. “Prepare
It also shields us from “the deceptive power of sin”
your work out of doors,” says Proverbs 24:27, “and
because when God’s Word is alive in our hearts,
make it ready for yourself in the field." Yet, your
the appeal of sin is less likely to overpower our
family’s spiritual needs cannot be overlooked.
determination to resist it. (Heb. 2:1; 3:13; Col.
Hence, the verse continues: “Afterward you must
3:5-10) Thus, we will “walk worthily of Jehovah to
also build up your household." How can family
the end of fully pleasing him as [we] go on bearing
heads do this? Proverbs 24:3 says: “By
fruit in every good work." (Col. 1:10) Doing so is
discernment [a household] will prove firmly
our objective in studying God’s Word, and
accomplishing it is the greatest reward.
How can discernment benefit your household?
[Box on page 27]
Discernment is the mental ability to look beyond
TO REAP THE GREATEST REWARDS
the obvious. It could well be said that an effective
family study begins with a study of your family Prepare your heart
itself. How are your family members progressing
Preview the study material
spiritually? Listen carefully during your
conversations with them. Is there a spirit of Isolate important facts
complaint or resentment? Are materialistic pursuits Consider how the scriptures provide reasons for
the big thing? When you are in the field ministry statements made
with your children, do they feel comfortable
identifying themselves before their peers as Review the main points
Jehovah’s Witnesses? Do they enjoy your program Meditate on how your own life should be
of family Bible reading and study? Are they really influenced by what you study
making Jehovah’s way their way of life? Careful
observation will reveal what you, as a family head, Seek opportunities to use the material to help
need to do in order to establish and build up others
spiritual qualities in each family member. [Box on page 28]
Check The Watchtower and Awake! for articles HOW TO PREVIEW STUDY MATERIAL
that deal with specific needs. Then tell the family in Analyze the wording of the title
advance what will be studied so that they can give
thought to the information. Maintain a loving Consider how each subheading relates to the title
atmosphere during the study. Without chastising or Examine any illustrations, charts, or teaching
embarrassing any family member, highlight the boxes
value of the material under consideration, making
specific application to your family’s needs. Keep No. 2:
each member involved. Help each one to see how (Psalm 119:25-48)
Jehovah’s Word is “perfect” in providing just what
is needed in life. —Ps. 19:7. No. 3:
Why We Show Respect for Secular Authorities
Reaping the Rewards
Observant people without spiritual No. 4:
comprehension can study the universe, world Speaking in Tongues Does Not Identify True
events, and even themselves but fail to Christians Today
comprehend the real meaning of what they are rs p. 403 Tongues, Speaking in
seeing. On the other hand, with the help of God’s Are true Christians today identified by the
spirit, people who regularly study God’s Word can ability to “speak in tongues”?
discern in these things the handiwork of God, the
fulfillment of Bible prophecy, and the unfolding of John 13:35: “By this all will know that you are
God’s purpose for blessing obedient humans. my disciples, if you have love among yourselves."
—Mark 13:4-29; Rom. 1:20; Rev. 12:12. 1 Cor. 13:1, 8: “If I speak in the tongues of men
and of angels but do not have love, I have become
a sounding piece of brass or a clashing cymbal.
Love never fails. But whether there are gifts of
prophesying, they will be done away with; whether
there are tongues, they will cease."
Jesus said that holy spirit would come upon his
followers and that they would be witnesses of him
to the most distant part of the earth. (Acts 1:8) He
instructed them to “make disciples of people of all
the nations." (Matt. 28:19) He also foretold that
‘this good news of the kingdom would be preached
in all the inhabited earth for a witness to all nations.
’ (Matt. 24:14) Who today, both as a group and
individually, are doing this work? In harmony with
what Jesus said, should we not look for this as an
evidence that a group has holy spirit?
Sept. 11 help you deal with your situation by increasing your
Song 65 energy level. The challenge is to channel the surge
Bible reading: Psalms 120-134 of energy into constructive thinking and
Speech Quality: How to Reduce Speaking enthusiastic delivery.
Anxiety (be p. 135 ¶ 1-p. 137 ¶ 2)
How to Reduce Anxiety. Remember that it is
No. 1: How to Do Research (be p. 33 ¶ 1-p. 35 ¶ 2)
normal to feel some anxiety. To maintain poise,
No. 2: Psalm 121:1-123:4
however, you need to be able to reduce the level of
No. 3: How Long Was the Gift of Tongues to Last?
anxiety and deal with your situation in a calm and
(rs p. 403 ¶ 4-p. 404 ¶ 1)
dignified manner. How can you accomplish this?
No. 4: What Is Hyperbole, and How Did Jesus
Make Use of It? Prepare thoroughly. Invest time in the
preparation of your talk. Make sure that you clearly
Speech Quality: understand your subject. If your talk is one in which
How to Reduce Speaking Anxiety you select the points to cover, take into account
be study 16 pp. 135-137 Poise what your audience already knows about the
What do you need to do? subject and what you hope to accomplish. This will
help you to select material that is most worthwhile.
Stand, move, and speak in a calm, If at first you find that difficult, discuss the problem
dignified manner that gives evidence with an experienced speaker. He can help you
of composure. make a constructive analysis of your material and
Why is it important? of the audience. When you are sure that you have
If you are poised, your audience will be material that will benefit your audience and you
more likely to concentrate on what you have it clearly in mind, your desire to share it will
are saying rather than on you. begin to overshadow the anxiety that you may feel
about the delivery.
IT IS not unusual for a speaker to feel nervous Give special attention to your introduction.
when he gets up to speak, especially if he does not Know how you are going to start. Once your talk is
give talks frequently. A publisher may feel under way, your nervousness will likely subside.
somewhat nervous when he makes the first few
calls of the day in the field ministry. When The same basic steps apply to preparing for the
commissioned to be a prophet, Jeremiah field ministry. Consider not only the subject that
responded: “Here I actually do not know how to you plan to discuss but also the type of people to
speak, for I am but a boy." (Jer. 1:5, 6) Jehovah whom you will be witnessing. Plan your
helped Jeremiah, and he will help you too. In time, introduction carefully. Benefit from the experience
you can develop poise. of mature publishers.
A poised speaker is one who is composed. This You may feel that you will be more poised if you
composure is evident in his physical bearing. His use a manuscript when giving a talk before a
posture is natural and appropriate to the occasion. group. Actually, this may result in increased
Movement of his hands is meaningful. His voice is anxiety every time you give a talk. It is true that
expressive and controlled. some speakers use extensive notes, while others
use few. But what will change the focus of your
Even though you may feel that this description thinking and reduce the level of your anxiety is, not
of a poised person does not fit you, you can the words on the paper, but the conviction in your
improve. How? Let us consider why a speaker heart that what you have prepared for your
feels nervous and lacks poise. The cause may be audience is truly worthwhile.
Practice your delivery aloud. Such practice will
When you are faced with a challenge and want give you confidence that you can put your thoughts
to do well but are not sure that you will, you feel into words. As you practice, you build up memory
anxiety. As a result, the brain signals the body to patterns that can readily be activated when you
produce more adrenaline. The resulting surge may give your talk. Make your practice session realistic.
cause a more rapid heartbeat, a change in Visualize your audience. Sit at a table or stand, just
breathing rate, increased perspiration, or even as you will when giving the talk.
shakiness in the hands and knees as well as
trembling of the voice. Your body is endeavoring to
Pray to Jehovah for help. Will he answer such a Consider that assignment to give a talk. The
prayer? “This is the confidence that we have material that you have been asked to cover may
toward him, that, no matter what it is that we ask seem quite general. How can you apply it locally?
according to his will, he hears us." (1 John 5:14) If Enrich it by doing research. When supported with a
you desire to honor God and to help people benefit statistic or two or with an example that fits your
from his Word, he will surely answer your prayer. material and that touches the lives of those in your
That assurance can do much to strengthen you to audience, a point that may have seemed obvious
fulfill your assignment. Furthermore, as you becomes informative, even motivating. The
cultivate the fruitage of the spirit—love, joy, peace, published material with which you are working may
mildness, and self-control—you will develop the have been prepared for readers worldwide, but you
mental attitude needed to handle situations with need to amplify, illustrate, and apply the points to
poise. —Gal. 5:22, 23. one congregation or to one person. How should
Acquire experience. The more you share in the
field service, the less nervous you will be. The Before running in search of information,
more you comment at congregation meetings, the consider your audience. What will they already
easier it will be to speak before others. As the know? What do they need to know? Then identify
number of talks that you give in the congregation your objective. Is it to explain? to convince? to
increases, the degree of anxiety that you feel refute? or to motivate? Explaining requires
before each talk will probably decrease. Would you providing further information to make a matter
like to have more opportunities to speak? Then clear. Although the basic facts may be understood,
volunteer to substitute in the school when others you may need to expand on when or how to do
are not able to fulfill their assignments. what is stated. Convincing calls for giving reasons
After you have taken the steps outlined above, you outlining why a thing is so, including presentation
will find it beneficial to examine the symptoms that of evidence. Refuting requires a thorough
point unmistakably to lack of composure. knowledge of both sides of an issue along with a
Identifying the symptoms and learning how to cope careful analysis of evidence used. Of course, we
with these will help you speak with poise. The seek not simply strong arguments but ways to
symptoms may be physical or vocal. present facts in a kindly manner. Motivating
involves reaching the heart. It means giving your
No. 1: audience incentive and building up their desire to
How to Do Research act on what is being discussed. Real-life examples
be pp. 33-35 of those who have taken such action, even in the
face of difficulty, can help to reach the heart.
KING SOLOMON “pondered and made a
Are you now ready to begin? Not quite.
thorough search, that he might arrange many
Consider how much information you need. Time
proverbs in order." Why? Because he was
may be an important factor. If you are going to
interested in writing “correct words of truth." (Eccl.
present the information to others, how much time
12:9, 10) Luke “traced all things from the start with
will be available for you to do it? Five minutes?
accuracy” in order to narrate in logical order the
Forty-five minutes? Is the time fixed, such as at a
events of Christ’s life. (Luke 1:3) Both of these
congregation meeting, or is it flexible, such as on a
servants of God were doing research.
Bible study or a shepherding call?
What is research? It is a careful search for
Finally, what research tools are available to
information about a particular matter. It includes
you? In addition to what you have at home, are
reading, and it requires the application of the
there more in the library at your Kingdom Hall?
principles of study. It may also involve interviewing
Would brothers who have been serving Jehovah
for many years be willing to let you consult their
What circumstances call for research? Here are research tools? Is there a public library in your area
a few examples. Your personal study or Bible where reference books can be used if necessary?
reading may give rise to questions that are
Using Our Foremost Research Tool—The Bible
important to you. Someone to whom you witness
may raise a question on which you would like to If your research project involves the meaning of
have specific information for a reply. You may have a scripture, start with the Bible itself.
been assigned to give a talk.
Examine the Context. Ask yourself: ‘To whom direct you to all the texts containing each of the
was this text directed? What do the surrounding principal words in the Bible.
verses indicate as to the circumstances leading up
to the statement or the attitude of the people No. 2:
involved?’ Such details can often help us (Psalms 121:1-123:4)
understand a text, and they can also add life to a
talk in which you might use them. No. 3:
How Long Was the Gift of Tongues to Last?
For example, Hebrews 4:12 is often quoted to
rs p. 403 - p. 404 Tongues, Speaking in
show the power of God’s Word to touch hearts and
influence lives. The context adds depth to our Is ‘speaking in tongues’ to continue
appreciation of how that can be so. It discusses the until that which is “perfect” comes?
experiences of Israel during the 40 years in the
At 1 Corinthians 13:8 reference is
wilderness before entering the land that Jehovah
made to several miraculous
had promised to Abraham. (Heb. 3:7–4:13) “The
gifts—prophecy, tongues, and
word of God,” his promise to bring them into a
knowledge. Verse 9 again refers to two
place of rest in harmony with his covenant with
of these gifts—knowledge and
Abraham, was not dead; it was alive and moving
prophecy—saying: “For we know in
toward fulfillment. The Israelites had every reason
part, and we prophesy in part." (KJ) Or,
to show faith in it. However, as Jehovah led them
as RS reads: “For our knowledge is
from Egypt to Mount Sinai and on toward the
imperfect and our prophecy is
Promised Land, they repeatedly showed a lack of
imperfect." Then verse 10 states: “But
faith. Thus, by their reaction to the way that God
when that which is perfect is come,
carried out his word, what was in their hearts was
then that which is in part shall be done
made manifest. In a similar way in our day, God’s
away." (KJ) The word “perfect” is
word of promise shows up what is in the hearts of
translated from the Greek teleion,
which conveys the thought of being full
Check the Cross-References. Some Bibles grown, complete, or perfect. Ro, By,
have cross-references. Does yours? If so, these and NW here render it “complete."
may help. Note an example from the New World Notice that it is not the gift of tongues
Translation of the Holy Scriptures. First Peter 3:6 that is said to be “imperfect,” “in part,”
points to Sarah as an example worthy of imitation or partial. That is said of “prophecy”
by Christian wives. A cross-reference to Genesis and “knowledge." In other words, even
18:12 reinforces that by disclosing that Sarah with those miraculous gifts, the early
spoke of Abraham as lord “inside herself." Her Christians had only an imperfect or
submission, therefore, was heartfelt. In addition to partial understanding of God’s
such insights, cross-references may refer you to purpose. But when the prophecies
texts that show the fulfillment of a Bible prophecy would come to fulfillment, when God’s
or of a Law covenant pattern. Realize, however, purpose would be accomplished, then
that some cross-references are not meant to give “that which is perfect,” or complete,
such explanations. They may simply refer to would come. So, this is obviously not
parallel thoughts or to biographical or geographic discussing how long the ‘gift of
information. tongues’ would continue.
Search With a Bible Concordance. A Bible However, the Bible does indicate how long the ‘gift
concordance is an alphabetic index of words used of tongues’ would be a part of Christian
in the Bible. It can help you locate scriptures that experience. According to the record, this gift and
relate to the subject on which you are doing the other gifts of the spirit were always conveyed to
research. As you explore them, you will learn other persons by the laying on of hands of the apostles
helpful details. You will see evidence of “the of Jesus Christ or in their presence. (Acts 2:4, 14,
pattern” of truth set forth in God’s Word. (2 Tim. 17; 10:44-46; 19:6; see also Acts 8:14-18.) Thus,
1:13) The New World Translation contains a basic after their death and when the individuals who in
listing of “Bible Words Indexed." The that way had received the gifts died, the
Comprehensive Concordance is much more miraculous gifts resulting from the operation of
extensive. If it is available in your language, it will God’s spirit must have come to their end. Such a
view agrees with the purpose of those gifts as
stated at Hebrews 2:2-4.
What Is Hyperbole, and How Did Jesus Make
Use of It?
Sept. 18 moment to look at your audience, pick out a
Song 97 friendly face, and smile. Speak slowly in the
Bible reading: Psalms 135-141 introduction, and then get immersed in your talk.
Speech Quality: How to Acquire Poise (be p. 137
What to Expect. Do not expect all feelings of
¶ 3-p. 138 ¶ 5)
nervousness to disappear. Many speakers with
No. 1: Psalms-Why Beneficial-Part 1 (si pp. 104-5
years of experience on the platform feel nervous
before they get up in front of an audience.
No. 2: Psalm 136:1-26
However, they have learned to control their
No. 3: In What Way Is the Memorial a Communion
nervousness. One such speaker said: “I still have
butterflies in my stomach, but now they fly in
No. 4: # The Trinity Is Not Based on the Bible (rs p.
405 ¶1-p. 411 ¶ 4)
If you make a sincere effort to eliminate the
Speech Quality: outward manifestations of nervousness, your
How to Acquire Poise audience will view you as a poised speaker. You
be study 16 Poise may still feel nervous, but they may not be aware of
that at all.
Physical Symptoms. Your poise, or lack of it,
is shown by your physical bearing and the way that Remember, the surge of adrenaline that causes
you use your hands. Consider first the hands. symptoms of nervousness also brings increased
Hands clasped behind the back, held rigidly at the energy. Use it to speak with feeling.
sides, or tightly clutching the speaker’s stand; There is no need to wait until you get on the
hands repeatedly in and out of pockets, buttoning platform to practice all these things. Learn to be
and unbuttoning the jacket, aimlessly moving to poised and controlled and to speak with
the cheek, the nose, the eyeglasses; hands toying appropriate feeling in your daily life. Your doing so
with a watch, a pencil, a ring, or notes; hand will go a long way toward giving you confidence on
gestures that are jerky or incomplete—all of these the platform and in the field ministry, where it is
demonstrate a lack of poise. most important.
Lack of confidence may also be indicated by
constantly shuffling the feet, swaying the body HOW TO ACQUIRE POISE
from side to side, standing with posture that is Prepare well.
overly rigid, slouching, frequently moistening the
lips, repeatedly swallowing, and breathing in a Practice your delivery aloud.
rapid and shallow manner. “Throw your burden upon Jehovah” in
With conscious effort these manifestations of prayer. —Ps. 55:22.
nervousness can be controlled. Work on just one Share regularly in field service,
at a time. Identify the problem, and consider in comment frequently at meetings, and
advance what you need to do to prevent it. If you volunteer for extra assignments in the
make that effort, you will give evidence of poise in school.
your physical bearing.
Identify symptoms of lack of
Vocal Symptoms. Vocal evidences of composure, and learn how to prevent
nervousness may include an abnormally or control these.
high-pitched or trembling voice. Perhaps you EXERCISE: Every week for a month, endeavor to
repeatedly clear the throat or speak too rapidly. comment more than once at the Watchtower Study
These problems and mannerisms can be and at the Congregation Book Study. Notice that
conquered by diligent effort to bring the voice nervousness begins to subside when you give your
under control. second or third comment at the same meeting.
If you feel nervous, pause to take a few deep
breaths before you go to the platform. Endeavor to
relax your entire body. Instead of thinking about
your nervousness, concentrate on why you want to
share with your audience the things you have
prepared. Before beginning to speak, take a
No. 1: his famous speech. This had to do with an
Psalms-- Why Beneficial Part 1 individual: “Jesus the Nazarene." The latter part of
si pp. 104-105 Bible Book Number 19—Psalms his argument is based almost entirely on
quotations from the Psalms proving that Christ
Jesus is the Greater David and that Jehovah would
Because of their perfection of beauty and not leave Jesus’ soul in Hades but would raise him
style, the psalms of the Bible are to be included from the dead. No, “David did not ascend to the
among the greatest literature in any language. heavens,” but as he foretold at Psalm 110:1, his
However, they are much more than literature. They Lord did. Who is David’s Lord? Peter reaches his
are a living message from the Supreme Sovereign great climax and forcefully answers: “This Jesus
of all the universe, Jehovah God himself. They give whom you impaled”!—Acts 2:14-36; Ps. 16:8-11;
deep insight into the fundamental teachings of the 132:11.
Bible, speaking first and foremost of Jehovah, its 26
Was Peter’s speech, based on the Psalms,
Author. He is clearly shown to be the Creator of the
beneficial? The baptism of about 3,000 who were
universe and everything in it. (8:3-9; 90:1, 2; 100:3;
added to the Christian congregation the same day
104:1-5, 24; 139:14) The name Jehovah is indeed
speaks for itself. —Acts 2:41.
magnified in the book of Psalms, where it appears 27
Shortly after, at a special gathering, the disciples
about 700 times. Additionally, the abbreviated form
appealed to Jehovah and quoted Psalm 2:1, 2.
“Jah” is to be found 43 times, so that all together
They said that this had been fulfilled in the united
the divine name is mentioned about 5 times, on the
opposition of the rulers against God’s “holy servant
average, in each Psalm. Moreover, Jehovah is
Jesus, whom [God] anointed." And the account
spoken of about 350 times as Elohim, or God.
goes on to say that they were “all filled with the holy
Jehovah’s supreme rulership is shown in
references to him as “Sovereign Lord” in a number
of psalms. —68:20; 69:6; 71:5; 73:28; 140:7;
In contrast with the eternal God, mortal man is
shown to be born in sin and in need of a redeemer, No. 3:
and he is shown as dying and returning to “crushed In What Way Is the Memorial a Communion
matter,” going down into Sheol, the common grave Meal?
of mankind. (6:4, 5; 49:7-20; 51:5, 7; 89:48; 90:1-5;
115:17; 146:4) The book of Psalms emphasizes No. 4:
the need for heeding the law of God and trusting in The Trinity Is Not Based on the Bible
Jehovah. (1:1, 2; 62:8; 65:5; 77:12; 115:11; 118:8; rs p. 405 - p. 412 Trinity
119:97, 105, 165) It warns against
What is the origin of the Trinity doctrine?
presumptuousness and “concealed sins”
(19:12-14; 131:1) and encourages honest and The New Encyclopædia Britannica says:
healthful associations. (15:1-5; 26:5; 101:5) It “Neither the word Trinity, nor the explicit doctrine
shows that right conduct brings Jehovah’s as such, appears in the New Testament, nor did
approval. (34:13-15; 97:10) It holds out bright hope Jesus and his followers intend to contradict the
in saying that “salvation belongs to Jehovah” and Shema in the Old Testament: ‘Hear, O Israel: The
that in the case of those fearing him, he will “deliver Lord our God is one Lord’ (Deut. 6:4). . . . The
their soul from death itself." (3:8; 33:19) This brings doctrine developed gradually over several
us to the prophetic aspect. centuries and through many controversies. . . . By
25 the end of the 4th century . . . the doctrine of the
The book of Psalms is virtually packed with
Trinity took substantially the form it has maintained
prophecies pointing forward to Jesus Christ, the
ever since."—(1976), Micropædia, Vol. X, p. 126.
“son of David,” and the role he would play as
Jehovah’s Anointed One and King. (Matt. 1:1) As The New Catholic Encyclopedia states: “The
the Christian congregation sprang into life on the formulation ‘one God in three Persons’ was not
day of Pentecost 33 C. E. , the holy spirit began to solidly established, certainly not fully assimilated
enlighten the apostles as to the fulfillment of these into Christian life and its profession of faith, prior to
prophecies. On that very day, Peter quoted the end of the 4th century. But it is precisely this
repeatedly from Psalms in developing the theme of formulation that has first claim to the title the
Trinitarian dogma. Among the Apostolic Fathers, “anointed” with it. (Luke 1:41; Matt.
there had been nothing even remotely 3:11; Acts 10:38) These latter
approaching such a mentality or references to holy spirit definitely do
perspective."—(1967), Vol. XIV, p. 299. not fit a person. To understand what
the Bible as a whole teaches, all these
In The Encyclopedia Americana we read:
texts must be considered. What is the
“Christianity derived from Judaism and Judaism
reasonable conclusion? That the first
was strictly Unitarian [believing that God is one
texts cited here employ a figure of
person]. The road which led from Jerusalem to
speech personifying God’s holy spirit,
Nicea was scarcely a straight one. Fourth century
his active force, as the Bible also
Trinitarianism did not reflect accurately early
personifies wisdom, sin, death, water,
Christian teaching regarding the nature of God; it
and blood. (See also pages 380, 381,
was, on the contrary, a deviation from this
under the heading “Spirit.”)
teaching."—(1956), Vol. XXVII, p. 294L.
The Holy Scriptures tell us the
According to the Nouveau Dictionnaire
personal name of the
Universel, “The Platonic trinity, itself merely a
Father—Jehovah. They inform us that
rearrangement of older trinities dating back to
the Son is Jesus Christ. But nowhere
earlier peoples, appears to be the rational
in the Scriptures is a personal name
philosophic trinity of attributes that gave birth to the
applied to the holy spirit.
three hypostases or divine persons taught by the
Christian churches. . . . This Greek philosopher’s Acts 7:55, 56 reports that Stephen was
[Plato, fourth century B. C. E. ] conception of the given a vision of heaven in which he
divine trinity . . . can be found in all the ancient saw “Jesus standing at God’s right
[pagan] religions."—(Paris, 1865-1870), edited by hand." But he made no mention of
M. Lachâtre, Vol. 2, p. 1467. seeing the holy spirit. (See also
Revelation 7:10; 22:1, 3.)
John L. McKenzie, S. J. , in his Dictionary of the
Bible, says: “The trinity of persons within the unity The New Catholic Encyclopedia
of nature is defined in terms of ‘person’ and ‘nature’ admits: “The majority of N[ew]
which are G[ree]k philosophical terms; actually the T[estament] texts reveal God’s spirit as
terms do not appear in the Bible. The trinitarian something, not someone; this is
definitions arose as the result of long controversies especially seen in the parallelism
in which these terms and others such as ‘essence’ between the spirit and the power of
and ‘substance’ were erroneously applied to God God." (1967, Vol. XIII, p. 575) It also
by some theologians."—(New York, 1965), p. 899. reports: “The Apologists [Greek
Christian writers of the second century]
Even though, as Trinitarians acknowledge,
spoke too haltingly of the Spirit; with a
neither the word “Trinity” nor a statement of
measure of anticipation, one might say
the Trinitarian dogma is found in the Bible, are
too impersonally."—Vol. XIV, p. 296.
the concepts that are embodied in that dogma
found there? Does the Bible agree with those
who teach that the Father and the
Does the Bible teach that the “Holy
Son are not separate and distinct
Spirit” is a person?
Some individual texts that refer to the
Matt. 26:39, RS: “Going a little farther
holy spirit (“Holy Ghost,” KJ) might
he [Jesus Christ] fell on his face and
seem to indicate personality. For
prayed, ‘My Father, if it be possible, let
example, the holy spirit is referred to
this cup pass from me; nevertheless,
as a helper (Greek, parakletos;
not as I will, but as thou wilt. ’” (If the
“Comforter,” KJ; “Advocate,” JB, NE)
Father and the Son were not distinct
that ‘teaches,’ ‘bears witness,’ ‘speaks’
individuals, such a prayer would have
and ‘hears. ’ (John 14:16, 17, 26;
been meaningless. Jesus would have
15:26; 16:13) But other texts say that
been praying to himself, and his will
people were “filled” with holy spirit, that
would of necessity have been the
some were ‘baptized’ with it or
John 8:17, 18, RS: “[Jesus answered Greek word here rendered “all things”
the Jewish Pharisees:] In your law it is is panta, an inflected form of pas. At
written that the testimony of two men is Luke 13:2, RS renders this “all . . .
true; I bear witness to myself, and the other”; JB reads “any other”; NE says
Father who sent me bears witness to “anyone else." (See also Luke 21:29 in
me." (So, Jesus definitely spoke of NE and Philippians 2:21 in JB.) In
himself as being an individual separate harmony with everything else that the
and distinct from the Father.) Bible says regarding the Son, NW
assigns the same meaning to panta at
See also pages 197, 198, under
Colossians 1:16, 17 so that it reads, in
part, “by means of him all other things
Does the Bible teach that all who are were created . . . All other things have
said to be part of the Trinity are been created through him and for him."
eternal, none having a beginning? Thus he is shown to be a created
Col. 1:15, 16, RS: “He [Jesus Christ] is being, part of the creation produced by
the image of the invisible God, the God.
first-born of all creation; for in him all Rev. 1:1; 3:14, RS: “The revelation of
things were created, in heaven and on Jesus Christ, which God gave him . . .
earth." In what sense is Jesus Christ ‘And to the angel of the church in
“the first-born of all creation”? (1) La-odicea write: “The words of the
Trinitarians say that “first-born” here Amen, the faithful and true witness, the
means prime, most excellent, most beginning [Greek, arkhe] of God’s
distinguished; thus Christ would be creation."’” (KJ, Dy, CC, and NW, as
understood to be, not part of creation, well as others, read similarly.) Is that
but the most distinguished in relation rendering correct? Some take the view
to those who were created. If that is so, that what is meant is that the Son was
and if the Trinity doctrine is true, why ‘the beginner of God’s creation,’ that
are the Father and the holy spirit not he was its ‘ultimate source. ’ But
also said to be the firstborn of all Liddell and Scott’s Greek-English
creation? But the Bible applies this Lexicon lists “beginning” as its first
expression only to the Son. According meaning of arkhe. (Oxford, 1968, p.
to the customary meaning of 252) The logical conclusion is that the
“firstborn,” it indicates that Jesus is the one being quoted at Revelation 3:14 is
eldest in Jehovah’s family of sons. (2) a creation, the first of God’s creations,
Before Colossians 1:15, the that he had a beginning. Compare
expression “the firstborn of” occurs Proverbs 8:22, where, as many Bible
upwards of 30 times in the Bible, and in commentators agree, the Son is
each instance that it is applied to living referred to as wisdom personified.
creatures the same meaning According to RS, NE, and JB, the one
applies—the firstborn is part of the there speaking is said to be “created.")
group. “The firstborn of Israel” is one of
Prophetically, with reference to the
the sons of Israel; “the firstborn of
Messiah, Micah 5:2 (KJ) says his
Pharaoh” is one of Pharaoh’s family;
“goings forth have been from of old,
“the firstborn of beast” are themselves
from everlasting." Dy reads: “his going
animals. What, then, causes some to
forth is from the beginning, from the
ascribe a different meaning to it at
days of eternity." Does that make him
Colossians 1:15? Is it Bible usage or is
the same as God? It is noteworthy that,
it a belief to which they already hold
instead of saying “days of eternity,” RS
and for which they seek proof? (3)
renders the Hebrew as “ancient days”;
Does Colossians 1:16, 17 (RS)
JB, “days of old”; NW, “days of time
exclude Jesus from having been
indefinite." Viewed in the light of
created, when it says “in him all things
Revelation 3:14, discussed above,
were created . . . all things were
created through him and for him”? The
Micah 5:2 does not prove that Jesus Instead, what Jesus said shows that
was without a beginning. the Father, to whom the “Spirit”
belonged, is greater than Jesus, the
Does the Bible teach that none of
Son of man.)
those who are said to be included in
the Trinity is greater or less than John 14:28, RS: “[Jesus said:] If you
another, that all are equal, that all loved me, you would have rejoiced,
are almighty? because I go to the Father; for the
Father is greater than I."
Mark 13:32, RS: “Of that day or that
hour no ones knows, not even the 1 Cor. 11:3, RS: “I want you to
angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only understand that the head of every man
the Father." (Of course, that would not is Christ, the head of a woman is her
be the case if Father, Son, and Holy husband, and the head of Christ is
Spirit were coequal, comprising one God." (Clearly, then, Christ is not God,
Godhead. And if, as some suggest, the and God is of superior rank to Christ. It
Son was limited by his human nature should be noted that this was written
from knowing, the question remains, about 55 C. E. , some 22 years after
Why did the Holy Spirit not know?) Jesus returned to heaven. So the truth
here stated applies to the relationship
Matt. 20:20-23, RS: “The mother of the
between God and Christ in heaven.)
sons of Zebedee . . . said to him
[Jesus], ‘Command that these two 1 Cor. 15:27, 28 RS: “‘God has put all
sons of mine may sit, one at your right things in subjection under his [Jesus’]
hand and one at your left, in your feet. ’ But when it says, ‘All things are
kingdom. ’ But Jesus answered, . . . put in subjection under him,’ it is plain
‘You will drink my cup, but to sit at my that he is excepted who put all things
right hand and at my left is not mine to under him. When all things are
grant, but it is for those for whom it has subjected to him, then the Son himself
been prepared by my Father. ’” (How will also be subjected to him who put
strange, if, as claimed, Jesus is God! all things under him, that God may be
Was Jesus here merely answering everything to every one."
according to his “human nature”? If, as
The Hebrew word Shaddai and the
Trinitarians say, Jesus was truly
Greek word Pantokrator are both
“God-man”—both God and man, not
translated “Almighty." Both
one or the other—would it truly be
original-language words are
consistent to resort to such an
repeatedly applied to Jehovah, the
explanation? Does not Matthew 20:23
Father. (Ex. 6:3; Rev. 19:6) Neither
rather show that the Son is not equal to
expression is ever applied to either the
the Father, that the Father has
Son or the holy spirit.
reserved some prerogatives for
himself?) Does the Bible teach that each of
those said to be part of the Trinity is
Matt. 12:31, 32, RS: “Every sin and
blasphemy will be forgiven men, but
the blasphemy against the Spirit will Jesus said in prayer: “Father, . . . this is
not be forgiven. And whoever says a eternal life, that they know thee the
word against the Son of man will be only true God, and Jesus Christ whom
forgiven; but whoever speaks against thou hast sent." (John 17:1-3, RS;
the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, italics added.) (Most translations here
either in this age or in the age to use the expression “the only true God”
come." (If the Holy Spirit were a person with reference to the Father. NE reads
and were God, this text would flatly “who alone art truly God." He cannot
contradict the Trinity doctrine, because be “the only true God,” the one “who
it would mean that in some way the alone [is] truly God,” if there are two
Holy Spirit was greater than the Son. others who are God to the same
degree as he is, can he? Any others
referred to as “gods” must be either
false or merely a reflection of the true
1 Cor. 8:5, 6, RS: “Although there may
be so-called gods in heaven or on
earth—as indeed there are many
‘gods’ and many ‘lords’—yet for us
there is one God, the Father, from
whom are all things and for whom we
exist, and one Lord, Jesus Christ,
through whom are all things and
through whom we exist." (This
presents the Father as the “one God”
of Christians and as being in a class
distinct from Jesus Christ.)
1 Pet. 1:3, RS: “Blessed be the God
and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ!”
(Repeatedly, even following Jesus’
ascension to heaven, the Scriptures
refer to the Father as “the God” of
Jesus Christ. At John 20:17, following
Jesus’ resurrection, he himself spoke
of the Father as “my God." Later, when
in heaven, as recorded at Revelation
3:12, he again used the same
expression. But never in the Bible is
the Father reported to refer to the Son
as “my God,” nor does either the
Father or the Son refer to the holy spirit
as “my God.")
For comments on scriptures used by
some in an effort to prove that Christ is
God, see pages 212-216, under the
heading “Jesus Christ."
In Theological Investigations, Karl Rahner, S. J. ,
admits: “Θεός [God] is still never used of the Spirit,”
and: “ο θεός [literally, the God] is never used in the
New Testament to speak of the πνευµα αγιον [holy
spirit]."—(Baltimore, Md. ; 1961), translated from
German, Vol. I, pp. 138, 143.
Sept. 25 4:1, 2) Why did Jesus speak from a boat?
Song 5 Evidently because the human voice carries with
Bible reading: Psalms 142-150 remarkable clarity over the smooth surface of a
Speech Quality: The Importance of Voice body of water.
Amplification (be p. 139 ¶ 1-p. 140 ¶ 1)
Until early in the 20th century, the volume and
No. 1: Psalms-Why Beneficial-Part 2 (si pp. 105-6
clarity of a speaker’s voice often determined how
many in an audience could hear what was said.
No. 2: Psalm 142:1-143:12
However, starting in the 1920’s, Jehovah’s
No. 3: # When Someone Asks, 'Do You Believe in
servants were able to take advantage of electrical
the Trinity?' (rs p. 425 ¶ 3-p. 426 ¶ 4)
sound amplification of the human voice at their
No. 4: In What Ways can We Put the Needs of
Others Ahead of Our Own?
Sound Equipment. Such equipment can
Speech Quality: amplify the volume of a speaker’s voice many
The Importance of Voice Amplification times and yet adequately maintain the quality and
be study 17 pp. 139-140 Use of Microphone tone of his voice. The speaker is not required to tax
his vocal cords. Listeners do not have to strain to
What do you need to do? catch what is said. Instead, they can concentrate
If a microphone is used for voice on the message.
amplification at your meetings, use it Much has been done to make sure that good
correctly. sound equipment is available at conventions and
assemblies of Jehovah’s Witnesses. Additionally,
Why is it important? many Kingdom Halls use sound equipment to
What is said will benefit others only if it amplify the voices of those who give discourses,
can be heard clearly. conduct meetings, or read from the platform. And
some congregations also have microphones that
OUR Christian brothers and sisters spend much are used by the audience when giving comments
time and effort attending Christian meetings. If they during meetings. If your congregation has such
are to benefit from what is said, they must be able equipment, learn to use it well.
to hear clearly.
In the days of ancient Israel, there was no
Psalms-- Why Beneficial Part 2
electrical sound amplification. When Moses spoke
to the nation of Israel on the Plains of Moab before
si pp. 105-106 Bible Book Number 19—Psalms
they entered the Promised Land, how were all of
those in his audience, numbering in the millions, Look, now, at the letter to the Hebrews. In the
able to hear? Moses possibly employed a system first two chapters, we find a number of quotations
of human relays whereby his words were from the Psalms respecting the superiority of
successively repeated by men stationed at Jesus, as God’s heavenly enthroned Son, over the
appropriate intervals across the camp. (Deut. 1:1; angels. Paul shows from Psalm 22:22 and other
31:1) Not long after the Israelites began their references that Jesus has a congregation of
conquest of the land west of the Jordan, Joshua “brothers,” part of Abraham’s seed and “partakers
gathered the nation in front of Mount Gerizim and of the heavenly calling." (Heb. 2:10-13, 16; 3:1)
Mount Ebal, evidently with the Levites in the valley Then, commencing at Hebrews 6:20 and
that separated them. There all the people heard continuing through chapter 7, the apostle enlarges
and responded to the divine blessings and on the additional office that Jesus occupies as
maledictions that were presented to them. (Josh. “high priest according to the manner of
8:33-35) It is possible that on this occasion too, Melchizedek forever." This refers to God’s
human relays were used, but no doubt the oath-bound promise at Psalm 110:4, to which Paul
excellent acoustics of the area were also helpful. makes reference time and again in proving the
superiority of Jesus’ priesthood over that of Aaron.
About 1,500 years later when “a very great
Paul explains that by Jehovah’s oath Jesus Christ
crowd gathered” at the Sea of Galilee to hear
is a priest, not on earth, but in heaven and “he
Jesus, he boarded a boat, pushed away from
remains a priest perpetually”—the benefits of his
shore, and sat down to speak to the crowd. (Mark
priestly service will be eternal. —Heb. 7:3, 15-17, “a praise, of David”: “About the glory of your
23-28. kingship they will talk, and about your mightiness
29 they will speak, to make known to the sons of men
Further, at Hebrews 10:5-10, we are told of
his mighty acts and the glory of the splendor of his
Jesus’ fine appreciation for the sacrificial course
kingship. Your kingship is a kingship for all times
that was God’s will for him and of his determination
indefinite, and your dominion is throughout all
to carry out that will. This is based on David’s
successive generations." (Ps. 145:5, 11-13) True
words at Psalm 40:6-8. This exemplary spirit of
to the prophetic psalm, the splendor of God’s
devotion is of the greatest benefit for all of us to
established Kingdom by Christ is even now being
consider and to copy so as to win God’s approval.
made known to the sons of men in all nations. How
—See also Psalm 116:14-19.
thankful we should be for that Kingdom and its
The course that Jesus took, culminating in King! Appropriate, indeed, are the closing words of
that terrible ordeal he endured on the torture stake, the Psalms: “Every breathing thing—let it praise
was foretold in the Psalms in remarkable detail. Jah. Praise Jah, you people!”—150:6.
This included his being offered vinegar to drink, the
casting of lots for his outer garments, the cruel No. 2:
treatment of his hands and feet, the mockery, and (Psalms 142:1-143:12)
the still more bitter mental anguish of that
agonizing cry: “My God, my God, why have you No. 3:
forsaken me?” (Matt. 27:34, 35, 43, 46; Ps. 22:1, 7, When Someone Asks, 'Do You Believe in the
8, 14-18; 69:20, 21) As indicated by John Trinity?'
19:23-30, even during those hours, Jesus must rs p. 425 - p. 426 Trinity
have drawn much comfort and guidance from the
When Someone Says—
Psalms, knowing that all these scriptures had to be
fulfilled down to the last detail. Jesus knew that the ‘Do you believe in the Trinity?’
Psalms also spoke concerning his resurrection and
You might reply: ‘That is a very popular belief
exaltation. He doubtless had such things in mind
in our time. But did you know that this is not what
when leading in “singing praises,” or psalms, with
was taught by Jesus and his disciples? So, we
his apostles on the last night before his death.
worship the One that Jesus said to worship. ’ Then
perhaps add: (1) ‘When Jesus was teaching, here
Thus Psalms clearly identifies the “son of is the commandment that he said was greatest . . .
David” and Kingdom Seed to be Christ Jesus, who (Mark 12:28-30). ’ (2) ‘Jesus never claimed to be
is now exalted as both King and Priest in the equal to God. He said . . . (John 14:28). ’ (3) ‘Then
heavenly Zion. Space does not permit a what is the origin of the Trinity doctrine? Notice
description in detail of all the passages from what well-known encyclopedias say about that.
Psalms that are quoted in the Christian Greek (See pages 405, 406.)’
Scriptures as fulfilled in this Anointed One of
Or you could say: ‘No, I do not. You see, there
Jehovah, but a few more examples are here listed:
are Bible texts that I could never fit in with that
Ps. 78:2—Matt. 13:31-35; Ps. 69:4—John 15:25;
belief. Here is one of them. (Matt. 24:36) Perhaps
Ps. 118:22, 23—Mark 12:10, 11 and Acts 4:11; Ps.
you can explain it to me. ’ Then perhaps add: (1)
34:20—John 19:33, 36; Ps. 45:6, 7—Heb. 1:8, 9.
‘If the Son is equal to the Father, how is it that the
Also, Jesus’ congregation of true followers is
Father knows things that the Son does not?’ If they
foretold in the Psalms, not as individuals, but as a
answer that this was true only regarding his human
group taken into God’s favor from all nations to
nature, then ask: (2) ‘But why does the holy spirit
share in a work of praise to Jehovah’s name. —Ps.
not know?’ (If the person shows a sincere interest
117:1—Rom. 15:11; Ps. 68:18—Eph. 4:8-11; Ps.
in the truth, show him what the Scriptures do say
95:7-11—Heb. 3:7, 8; 4:7.
32 about God. (Ps. 83:18; John 4:23, 24)’
Our study of the Psalms adds much to our
appreciation of the kingship of Jehovah God, which Another possibility: ‘We do believe in Jesus
He exercises through the promised Seed and Christ but not in the Trinity. Why? Because we
Kingdom Heir, to His glory and vindication. May we believe what the apostle Peter believed about
ever be among those loyal ones who exult in ‘the Christ. Notice what he said . . . (Matt. 16:15-17). ’
glorious splendor of Jehovah’s dignity’ and who
are spoken of in Psalm 145, which is referred to as
An additional suggestion: ‘I find that not
everyone has the same thing in mind when he
refers to the Trinity. Perhaps I could answer your
question better if I knew what you mean. ’ Then
perhaps add: ‘I appreciate that explanation. But
what I believe is only what the Bible teaches. Have
you ever seen the word “Trinity” in the Bible? . . .
(Refer to the concordance in your Bible.) But is
Christ referred to in the Bible? . . . Yes, and we
believe in him. Notice here in the concordance
under “Christ” one of the references is to Matthew
16:16. (Read it.) That is what I believe. ’
Or you might answer (if the person draws
particular attention to John 1:1): ‘I am acquainted
with that verse. In some Bible translations it says
that Jesus is “God,” and others say that he is “a
god." Why is that?’ (1) ‘Could it be because the
next verse says that he was “with God”?’ (2) ‘Might
it also be because of what is found here in John
1:18?’ (3) ‘Have you ever wondered whether Jesus
himself worships someone as God? (John 20:17)’
‘Do you believe in the divinity of Christ?’
You might reply: ‘Yes, I certainly do. But
perhaps I do not have in mind the same thing that
you do when you refer to “the divinity of Christ."’
Then perhaps add: (1) ‘Why do I say that? Well,
at Isaiah 9:6 Jesus Christ is described as “Mighty
God,” but only his Father is ever referred to in the
Bible as the Almighty God. ’ (2) ‘And notice that at
John 17:3 Jesus speaks of his Father as “the only
true God." So, at most, Jesus is just a reflection of
the true God. ’ (3) ‘What is required on our part to
be pleasing to God? (John 4:23, 24)
In What Ways can We Put the Needs of Others
Ahead of Our Own?
Oct. 2 side. This means that your head should be slightly
Song 111 to the other side of the microphone. Then when
Bible reading: Proverbs 1-6 you read, your voice will go directly into the
Speech Quality: Use Microphones Effectively (be microphone.
p. 140 ¶ 2-p. 142 ¶ 1)
Most brothers who read at the Watchtower
No. 1: Introduction to Proverbs-Part 1 (si pp. 106-7
Study stand and speak into an upright microphone.
This position allows them to breathe more freely
No. 2: Proverbs 5:1-23
and to read with greater expressiveness. Keep in
No. 3: Why Is There So Much Wickedness? (rs p.
mind that the reading of the paragraphs constitutes
427 ¶ 1-4)
a major part of the meeting. The benefit derived by
No. 4: * Do Not Spread False Stories (2 Tim. 4:4)
the audience depends, in large measure, on
hearing the material being read.
Use Microphones Effectively When Commenting During the Meeting. If
be study 17 Use of Microphone your congregation uses microphones for audience
participation, remember that there is still a need to
Some Basic Guidelines. To use the speak distinctly and with sufficient volume. When
equipment properly, keep the following points in commenting, endeavor to hold your study
mind: (1) The microphone should generally be publication or your Bible in your hand. This will
about four to six inches [10 to 15 cm] from your enable you to see the material clearly while you are
mouth. If the microphone is too close, your words speaking into the microphone.
may become distorted. If it is too far away, your
voice will be indistinct. (2) The microphone should In some congregations brothers are assigned to
be in front of you, not to one side. If you move your take microphones to those called on to comment. If
head to the right or to the left, speak only when that is the case in your congregation, when you are
your face is toward the microphone. (3) Use a little called on, keep your hand up so that the brother
more volume and intensity than you would in handling the microphone can see where you are
conversation. But there is no need to shout. The seated and get to you quickly. If the microphone is
sound equipment will easily carry your voice to the a hand-held type, be prepared to reach for it. Do
farthest ones in your audience. (4) If you need to not begin your comment until the microphone is in
clear your throat or have the urge to cough or position. When you finish your comment, return the
sneeze, be sure to turn your head away from the microphone promptly.
microphone. When Sharing in a Demonstration. Using a
When Giving a Discourse. When you step up microphone during a demonstration requires
to the speaker’s stand, a brother will ordinarily special forethought. If the microphone is mounted
adjust the position of the microphone. Stand in a on a stand, you will have both hands free to
natural manner with your face toward the audience manage your Bible and your notes. Using a
while he does that. Place your notes on the hand-held microphone may afford greater freedom
speaker’s stand, and be sure that the microphone of movement, but you may need to arrange for
does not block your view of them. your partner to hold it. In that way your hands will
be free to handle your Bible. You and your
When you begin to speak, listen to how your householder should practice this so that your
voice sounds as it comes through the loudspeaker. partner knows how to hold it properly. Remember,
Is the volume too loud, or do certain words result in too, that when on the platform, you should not turn
popping sounds? You may need to move back an your back to the audience, especially when you are
inch or two [2. 5 to 5 cm]. When you are glancing speaking.
at your notes, remember that you should speak
and read only when your face is directed toward In Service Meeting demonstrations, there may
the microphone or slightly above it, not below it. be a number of participants, and they may move
around on the platform. Thus, several
When Reading From the Platform. It is best to microphones may be required. These should be
hold your Bible or other publication up so that your put in place in advance or made available to the
face is toward the audience. Since the microphone participants when they go to the platform. Making
will probably be directly in front of you, you may sure that the microphones are in the right place at
need to hold your reading material slightly to one the right time takes advance planning. Rehearsing
demonstrations before they are presented affords proverbs." (1 Ki. 4:32) Some of this spoken wisdom
opportunity to instruct participants on the effective was recorded in the Bible book of Proverbs. Since
use of the microphones. When a rehearsal cannot his wisdom was really that which “God had put in
take place on the platform, it may be wise for his heart,” then in studying Proverbs we are in fact
participants to hold a small object similar in size to studying the wisdom of Jehovah God. (1 Ki. 10:23,
a microphone in order to practice proper 24) These proverbs sum up eternal truths. They
positioning. After the demonstration, the are just as up-to-date now as when they were first
participants should replace hand-held uttered.
microphones gently, being careful not to trip over 2
The reign of Solomon was an appropriate time
cords from other microphones as they leave the
for providing this divine guidance. Solomon was
said to “sit upon Jehovah’s throne." The theocratic
Our giving attention to the use of microphones kingdom of Israel was at its height, and Solomon
is directly connected with one of the principal was favored with surpassing “royal dignity." (1
objectives of our meetings, namely, benefiting one Chron. 29:23, 25) It was a time of peace and
another by our discussion of God’s Word. (Heb. plenty, a time of security. (1 Ki. 4:20-25) However,
10:24, 25) By learning to use microphones even under that theocratic rule, the people still had
effectively, we can personally contribute to this their personal problems and difficulties due to
important objective. human imperfections. That the people would look
to wise King Solomon to help them solve their
HOW TO DO IT
problems is understandable. (1 Ki. 3:16-28) In the
Keep the microphone four to six inches course of pronouncing judgment in these many
[10 to 15 cm] from your mouth. cases, he uttered proverbial sayings that fitted the
Be sure to speak only when your many circumstances of life arising from day to day.
mouth is toward the microphone. These brief but impressive sayings were greatly
treasured by those who desired to regulate their
Use a little more volume and intensity lives in accordance with the will of God.
than you would in conversation. 3
The record does not say that Solomon wrote
If you need to clear your throat, turn the Proverbs. However, it says that he ‘spoke’
your head away from the microphone. proverbs, also that “he . . . made a thorough
EXERCISE: If microphones are used in your search, that he might arrange many proverbs in
Kingdom Hall, take special note of how order,” thus showing that he had an interest in
experienced speakers use both fixed and preserving proverbs for later use. (1 Ki. 4:32; Eccl.
hand-held microphones. Identify procedures that 12:9) In the time of David and Solomon, there were
you desire to use or avoid, along with reasons for official secretaries in the lists of court officials. (2
your conclusions. Sam. 20:25; 2 Ki. 12:10) Whether these scribes in
his court wrote and collected his proverbs, we do
No. 1: not know, but the expressions of any ruler of his
Introduction To Proverbs -Part 1 caliber would be highly regarded and would
normally be recorded. It is generally agreed that
si pp. 106-107 Bible Book Number the book is a collection compiled from other
Speakers: Solomon, Agur, Lemuel The book of Proverbs may be divided into five
sections. These are: (1) Chapters 1-9, opening
Place Written: Jerusalem with the words, “The proverbs of Solomon the son
Writing Completed: c. 717 B. C. E. of David”; (2) Chapters 10-24, described as the
“Proverbs of Solomon”; (3) Chapters 25-29, which
WHEN Solomon, the son of David, became king division begins: “These also are the proverbs of
of Israel in 1037 B. C. E. , he prayed to Jehovah for Solomon that the men of Hezekiah the king of
“wisdom and knowledge” to “judge this great Judah transcribed”; (4) Chapter 30, introduced as
people." In response, Jehovah gave him “The words of Agur the son of Jakeh”; and (5)
‘knowledge and wisdom and an understanding Chapter 31, which comprises “The words of
heart. ’ (2 Chron. 1:10-12; 1 Ki. 3:12; 4:30, 31) As a Lemuel the king, the weighty message that his
result, Solomon came to “speak three thousand mother gave to him in correction." Solomon was
thus the originator of the bulk of the proverbs. As to of heaven following the birth of the Kingdom. See
Agur and Lemuel, nothing definite is known about verse 10.)
their identity. Some commentators suggest that 2 Tim. 3:1-5: “Know this, that in the last days
Lemuel may have been another name for critical times hard to deal with will be here. For men
Solomon. will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money,
When was Proverbs written and compiled? The self-assuming, haughty, blasphemers, disobedient
greater part was no doubt written down during to parents, unthankful, disloyal, having no natural
Solomon’s reign (1037-998 B. C. E.) before his affection, not open to any agreement, slanderers,
deflection. Because of uncertainty as to the identity without self-control, fierce, without love of
of Agur and Lemuel, it is not possible to date their goodness, betrayers, headstrong, puffed up with
material. Since one of the collections was made in pride, lovers of pleasures rather than lovers of
the reign of Hezekiah (745-717 B. C. E.), it could God, having a form of godly devotion but proving
not have been before his reign that the final false to its power." (This is the fruitage of centuries
collecting was done. Were the last two divisions of apostasy from true worship. These conditions
also collected under King Hezekiah’s purview? In have developed because people who have
answer there is an illuminating footnote to professed to be religious have ignored what God’s
Proverbs 31:31 in the New World Translation of the Word really says. They have proved false to the
Holy Scriptures—With References: “Some power for good that true godly devotion can have in
ed[itions] of the Heb[rew] text display the one’s life.)
trigrammaton, or three letters, Chehth, Zayin,
Qohph (???) that stand as King Hezekiah’s No. 4:
signature to the copy-work done by his scribes to Do Not Spread False Stories (2 Tim. 4:4)
signify that the work had been completed."
Why Is There So Much Wickedness?
rs p. 427 - p. 428 Wickedness
God is not to blame. He gave mankind a perfect
start, but humans have chosen to ignore God’s
requirements and decide for themselves what is
good and what is bad. (Deut. 32:4, 5; Eccl. 7:29;
Gen. 3:5, 6) By doing this, they have come under
the influence of wicked superhuman forces. —Eph.
1 John 5:19: “The whole world is lying in the
power of the wicked one."
Rev. 12:7-12: “War broke out in heaven . . . the
dragon and its angels battled but it did not prevail,
neither was a place found for them any longer in
heaven. So down the great dragon was hurled, the
original serpent, the one called Devil and Satan,
who is misleading the entire inhabited earth; he
was hurled down to the earth, and his angels were
hurled down with him. . . . ‘On this account be glad,
you heavens and you who reside in them! Woe for
the earth and for the sea, because the Devil has
come down to you, having great anger, knowing he
has a short period of time. ’” (This increased woe to
the world has occurred since Satan was hurled out
Oct. 9 questions and deal with situations that were thrust
Song 73 upon him? Sometimes by using illustrations that
Bible reading: Proverbs 7-11 would make people think. At other times by asking
Speech Quality: Use of the Bible in Replying (be the inquirer about his own understanding of a
p. 143 ¶ 1-3) scripture. Frequently by quoting scriptures,
No. 1: Introduction to Proverbs-Part 2 (si pp. 107-8 paraphrasing them, or alluding to them. (Matt.
¶ 6-11) 4:3-10; 12:1-8; Luke 10:25-28; 17:32) In the first
No. 2: Proverbs 7:1-27 century, Scripture scrolls were usually kept in the
No. 3: Christian Neutrality Contributes to the Unity synagogues. There is no evidence that Jesus had
of Our Brotherhood a personal collection of those scrolls, but he knew
No. 4: Why Does God Permit Wickedness? (rs p. the Scriptures well and referred to them liberally
428 ¶ 1-p. 429 ¶ 1) when teaching others. (Luke 24:27, 44-47) He
could truthfully say that what he taught was not of
Speech Quality: his own originality. He spoke what he had heard
Use of the Bible in Replying from his Father. —John 8:26.
be study 18 p. 143 Use of Bible in Replying
What do you need to do? Introduction To Proverbs -Part 2
Make good use of the Bible itself when si pp. 107-108 Bible Book Number
answering questions. 20—Proverbs
Why is it important? In Hebrew Bibles the book was first called by
the opening word in the book, mishleh, meaning
Our commission is to “preach the
“proverbs." Mishleh is the plural number, construct
word." Jesus set the example, saying:
state, of the Hebrew noun mashal, which noun is
“I do not speak of my own
generally thought to be derived from a root word
originality."—2 Tim. 4:2; John 14:10.
meaning “be like” or “be comparable." These terms
nicely describe the contents of the book, for
WHEN asked about our beliefs, our way of life,
proverbs are pithy sayings that often employ
our viewpoint regarding current events, our hope
likenesses or comparisons and that are designed
for the future, we endeavor to use the Bible in
to make the hearer think. The brief form of the
replying. Why? Because it is the Word of God. It is
proverbs makes them easy to follow and
from the Bible that we draw our beliefs. We base
interesting, and in this form they are easily taught,
our way of life on the Bible. It shapes our view of
learned, and remembered. The idea sticks.
world events. Our hope for the future is firmly
rooted in the Bible’s inspired promises. —2 Tim. The style of expression in the book is also
3:16, 17. most interesting. It is in Hebrew poetic style. The
structure of most of the book is parallel poetry. This
We are keenly aware of the responsibility that
does not make the ends of lines or verses rhyme,
goes with our name. We are Jehovah’s Witnesses.
or sound alike. It consists of making rhythmic lines
(Isa. 43:12) So we answer questions, not on the
give parallel thoughts or ideas. Its beauty and
basis of human philosophy, but on the basis of
power of instruction lie in this thought rhythm. The
what Jehovah says in his inspired Word. True, as
thoughts may be synonymous or contrasting, but
individuals we have opinions on matters, but we
the power of the parallel is there to give extension
allow God’s Word to shape our views because we
to the thought, to enlarge upon the idea, and to
are firmly convinced that it is the truth. Of course,
make sure of conveying the meaning in the
the Bible gives us latitude for personal preference
thought. Examples of the synonymous parallelism
in many matters. Rather than imposing our
are to be found at Proverbs 11:25; 16:18; and
preferences on others, we desire to teach the
18:15, and examples of the more abundant
principles set out in the Scriptures, thus allowing
contrasting parallelism at Proverbs 10:7, 30; 12:25;
our listeners to exercise the same freedom of
13:25; and 15:8. Another type of structure is found
choice that we enjoy. Like the apostle Paul, we
right at the end of the book. (Prov. 31:10-31) The
seek “to promote obedience by faith."—Rom.
22 verses there are arranged so that in Hebrew
each one begins with the succeeding letter of the
Jesus Christ is described at Revelation 3:14 as
Hebrew alphabet, this being the acrostic style that
“the faithful and true witness." How did he answer
is used also in a number of the psalms. For beauty
this style has no parallel in ancient writings. No. 2:
8 (Proverbs 7:1-27)
The authenticity of Proverbs is also shown in
the wide use made of the book by the early
Christians in stating rules of conduct. James was
Christian Neutrality Contributes to the Unity of
apparently very familiar with Proverbs and used its
basic principles in the fine counsel he gave for
Christian conduct. (Compare Proverbs 14:29;
17:27 with James 1:19, 20; Proverbs 3:34 with
Why Does God Permit Wickedness?
James 4:6; Proverbs 27:1 with James 4:13, 14.)
rs p. 428 - p. 429 Wickedness
Direct quotations from Proverbs are also to be
found in the following passages: Romans At times it may seem to us that the best thing
12:20—Proverbs 25:21, 22; Hebrews 12:5, would be simply to get rid of everyone who is
6—Proverbs 3:11, 12; 2 Peter 2:22—Proverbs wicked. We long for an end to wickedness, and yet
26:11. we have experienced it for relatively few years
9 when compared with the time that wickedness has
In addition, Proverbs shows itself to be in
existed. How must Jehovah God feel? For
harmony with the rest of the Bible, thus proving it to
thousands of years people have blamed him, even
be a part of “all Scripture." It presents striking unity
cursed him, for the bad conditions they have
of thought when compared with the Law of Moses,
endured. Yet, these are caused, not by him, but by
Jesus’ teaching, and the writings of Jesus’
Satan and by wicked men. Jehovah has the power
disciples and apostles. (See Proverbs 10:16—1
to destroy the wicked. Surely there must be good
Corinthians 15:58 and Galatians 6:8, 9; Proverbs
reasons why he has exercised such restraint. If
12:25—Matthew 6:25; Proverbs 20:20—Exodus
Jehovah’s way of handling the situation is different
20:12 and Matthew 15:4.) Even when touching on
from what we would recommend, should that
such points as the readying of the earth for human
surprise us? His experience is much greater than
habitation, there is oneness of thinking with other
man’s, and his view of the situation is much
Bible writers. —Prov. 3:19, 20; Gen. 1:6, 7; Job
broader than that of any human. —Compare Isaiah
38:4-11; Ps. 104:5-9.
55:8, 9; Ezekiel 33:17.
Also testifying to the book’s divine inspiration
There would be no wickedness if God had not
is its scientific accuracy, whether the proverb
endowed intelligent creatures with free will. But
involves chemical, medical, or health principles.
God has given us the capacity to choose to obey
Proverbs 25:20 apparently tells of acid-alkali
him because we love him or to disobey. (Deut.
reactions. Proverbs 31:4, 5 agrees with modern
30:19, 20; Josh. 24:15) Do we wish it were
scientific findings that alcohol dulls the thinking
otherwise? If we are parents, which makes us
processes. Many doctors and nutritionists agree
happier—when our children obey us because they
that honey is a healthful food, calling to mind the
love us or when we make them do it? Should God
proverb: “My son, eat honey, for it is good." (Prov.
have forced Adam to be obedient? Would we really
24:13) Modern observations on psychosomatics
be happier if we lived in a world where we were
are not new to Proverbs. “A heart that is joyful does
forced to obey God? Before destroying this wicked
good as a curer."—17:22; 15:17.
11 system, God is allowing opportunity for people to
Indeed, so completely does the book of Proverbs
demonstrate whether they really want to live in
cover every human need and situation that one
harmony with his righteous laws or not. At his
authority stated: “There is no relation in life which
appointed time, he will without fail destroy the
has not its appropriate instruction, no good or evil
wicked. —2 Thess. 1:9, 10.
tendency without its proper incentive or correction.
The human consciousness is everywhere brought Wisely he is allowing time for the settling of vital
into immediate relation with the Divine, . . . and issues: (1) The righteousness and rightfulness of
man walks as in the presence of his Maker and Jehovah’s rule was challenged in Eden. (Gen.
Judge . . . Every type of humanity is found in this 2:16, 17; 3:1-5) (2) The integrity of all of God’s
ancient book; and though sketched three thousand servants in heaven and on earth was called into
years ago, is still as true to nature as if now drawn question. (Job 1:6-11; 2:1-5; Luke 22:31) God
from its living representative."—Smith’s Dictionary could have destroyed the rebels (Satan, Adam,
of the Bible, 1890, Vol. III, page 2616. and Eve) immediately, but that would not have
settled matters. Might does not prove that one’s
cause is right. The issues raised were moral ones.
God’s allowing of time was, not to prove any point
to himself, but to permit all creatures with free will
to see for themselves the bad fruitage produced by
rebellion against his rulership, also to afford them
opportunity to demonstrate where they personally
stand on these vital matters. With these issues
settled, never again would anyone be permitted to
disrupt the peace. The good order, harmony, and
well-being of the entire universe depend upon the
sanctifying of Jehovah’s name, the treating of him
with heartfelt honor by all intelligent creatures.
(See also pages 363, 364, under the heading
“Satan the Devil.")
Illustration: If someone made a charge before the
whole community that you abused your position as
family head, that your children would be better off if
they made their own decisions independent of you,
and that all of them obeyed you, not because of
love, but because of material benefits you
provided, what would be the best way to settle the
matter? Would shooting the false accuser put the
charges to rest in the minds of the community?
Instead, what a fine answer it would be if you gave
your children opportunity to be your witnesses to
show that you are a just and loving family head and
that they live with you because they love you! If
some of your children believed your adversary, left
home, and ruined their lives by adopting other
life-styles, it would only make honest observers
realize that the children would have been better off
if they had heeded your direction.
Oct. 16 important that this counsel be firmly based on the
Song 180 Scriptures! An elder’s example in doing this can
Bible reading: Proverbs 12-16 influence many others in their manner of teaching.
Speech Quality: How to Improve in Using the
HOW TO BECOME MORE
Bible (be p. 144 ¶ 1-4)
No. 1: Learning to Use Other Research Tools (be
p. 35 ¶ 3-p. 38 ¶ 4) Read the Bible daily. Have a good
No. 2: Proverbs 14:1-21 program of personal study.
No. 3: How Has God's Permission of Wickedness Make it a practice to include scriptures
Benefited Us? (rs p. 429 ¶ 2-3) in your comments at congregation
No. 4: What Can Help Us to Pay Close Attention at meetings.
When faced with questions or
Speech Quality situations, before replying or making a
How to Improve in Using the Bible decision, always ask yourself, ‘What
be study 18 p. 144 Use of Bible in Replying does the Bible say?’
Our desire is to follow Jesus’ example. We have When you do not know what the Bible
not personally heard God speak, as Jesus did. But says on a matter, do not guess or give
the Bible is God’s Word. When we use it as the a private opinion. Offer to do research.
basis for our answers, we avoid drawing attention EXERCISE: List one or two questions that you
to ourselves. We show that instead of voicing the have been asked (1) in the field service, (2)
opinion of an imperfect human, we are firmly about some matter recently reported in the
determined to let God have the say as to what is news, and (3) about engaging in a certain
truth. —John 7:18; Rom. 3:4. popular activity. For each, select at least one
Of course, our desire is not merely to use the scripture that would be appropriate to use in
Bible but to do so in a way that will be most replying.
beneficial to our hearer. We want him to listen with
an open mind. Depending on the attitude of the No. 1:
person, you could introduce Biblical thoughts by Learning to Use Other Research Tools
saying: “Don’t you agree that what really counts is be How to Do Research
what God says?” Or you could say: “Did you know The box on page 33 lists a number of other
that the Bible discusses that very question?” If you research tools that have been provided by “the
are speaking to someone who does not have faithful and discreet slave." (Matt. 24:45-47) Many
respect for the Bible, you may need to use a of these have a table of contents, and many have
somewhat different introduction. You could say: an index in the back, which is designed to help you
“Let me share this ancient prophecy with you." Or pinpoint specific information. At the end of each
you might say: “The book that is the most widely year, subject indexes are published in both The
distributed in human history says this . . ." Watchtower and Awake! for that year’s collection
In some instances, you may choose simply to of articles.
paraphrase a text. Where possible, however, it is Being familiar with the type of information
best to open the Bible itself and read what it says. offered in these Bible study publications can
Show the scripture to the person in his own copy of accelerate the research process. Say, for instance,
the Bible whenever this is practical. This direct use that you want to know about prophecy, doctrine,
of the Bible often has a powerful effect on people. Christian conduct, or the application of Bible
—Heb. 4:12. principles. The Watchtower will likely contain what
Christian elders have a special responsibility to you seek. Awake! deals with current events,
use the Bible when answering questions. One of contemporary problems, religion, science, and
the qualifications for serving as an elder is that the peoples of various lands. Commentary on each
brother is “holding firmly to the faithful word as account in the Gospels in chronological order
respects his art of teaching." (Titus 1:9) A member appears in The Greatest Man Who Ever Lived. A
of the congregation may make a serious decision verse-by-verse discussion of entire Bible books is
in life after an elder has given him counsel. How found in such publications as Revelation—Its
Grand Climax At Hand!, Pay Attention to Daniel’s contains a vast collection of our publications. The
Prophecy!, and the two volumes of Isaiah’s easy-to-use search program enables you to look
Prophecy—Light for All Mankind. In Reasoning for a word, a combination of words, or a scripture
From the Scriptures, you will find satisfying citation in any of the publications in the
answers to hundreds of Bible questions that are Watchtower Library. Even if this research tool is
commonly raised in the field service. For a clearer not available in your language, you may be able to
understanding of other religions, their teachings, benefit from it in a widely used international
and their historical backgrounds, see Mankind’s language with which you are familiar.
Search for God. A detailed account of the
Other Theocratic Libraries
modern-day history of Jehovah’s Witnesses is
contained in Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of In his second inspired letter to Timothy, Paul
God’s Kingdom. For a report on current asked the young man to bring “the scrolls,
developments in the global preaching of the good especially the parchments,” to him at Rome. (2
news, check the latest Yearbook of Jehovah’s Tim. 4:13) Paul valued certain writings and kept
Witnesses. Insight on the Scriptures is a Bible them. You can do the same. Do you save your
encyclopedia and atlas. If you need details about personal copies of The Watchtower, Awake!, and
people, places, things, languages, or historical Our Kingdom Ministry even after these have been
events associated with the Bible, this is an considered at congregation meetings? If so, you
excellent resource. will have them available to use as research tools,
along with the other Christian publications you
“Watch Tower Publications Index.” This
have acquired. Most congregations maintain a
Index, published in more than 20 languages, will
collection of theocratic publications in a library at
direct you to information in a wide variety of our
the Kingdom Hall. These are for the benefit of the
publications. It is divided into a subject index and a
entire congregation, for their use while at the
scripture index. To use the subject index, locate a
word representing the subject you want to
investigate. To use the scripture index, locate in Maintain Personal Files
the list of scriptures the one you would like to Keep alert to items of interest that you can use
understand better. If something has been when you are speaking and teaching. If you find in
published in your language on that subject or that a newspaper or a magazine a news item, statistic,
scripture in the years covered by the Index, you will or example that you can use in your ministry, clip it
find a list of references to consult. Use the key in out or copy the information. Include the date, the
the front of the Index to decipher the abbreviations title of the periodical, and perhaps the name of the
for the names of cited publications. (With that help, author or publisher. At congregation meetings, jot
for example, you would learn that w99 3/1 15 refers down reasoning points and illustrations that may
to The Watchtower for 1999, March 1 issue, page help you to explain the truth to others. Have you
15.) Main headings such as “Field Ministry ever thought of a good illustration but did not have
Experiences” and “Life Stories of Jehovah’s an opportunity to use it right away? Write it down,
Witnesses” can be helpful in preparing motivating and keep it in a file. After you have been in the
presentations for the congregation. Theocratic Ministry School for some time, you will
Since doing research can be very absorbing, be have prepared a number of presentations. Instead
careful not to get sidetracked. Stay focused on of throwing away your notes from these talks, save
your objective to search out the material needed them. The research you have done may prove
for the task at hand. If the Index refers you to a useful later.
certain source, turn to the page(s) cited, then use Talk to People
subheadings and opening sentences of
paragraphs to guide you to the material that fits People are a rich source of information. When
your needs. If you are searching for the meaning of Luke was compiling his Gospel account, he
a particular Bible verse, first locate the citation on evidently gathered much information by
the page to which you are referred. Then examine interviewing eyewitnesses. (Luke 1:1-4) Perhaps a
the surrounding comments. fellow Christian can shed light on a matter on
which you have been endeavoring to do research.
“Watchtower Library” on CD-ROM. If you According to Ephesians 4:8, 11-16, Christ uses
have access to a computer, you may benefit from “gifts in men” to help us grow in “the accurate
using the Watchtower Library on CD-ROM, which
knowledge of the Son of God." Interviewing those New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures
with experience in serving God may yield useful
ideas. Conversing with people may also reveal
what they are thinking, and this can help you to The Watchtower and Awake!
prepare material that is truly practical. Reasoning From the Scriptures
Evaluate Your Results Jehovah’s Witnesses—Proclaimers of God’s
After wheat is harvested, the grain needs to be Kingdom
removed from the chaff. So it is with the fruitage of Insight on the Scriptures
your research. Before it is ready for use, you need
to separate what is valuable from what is Watch Tower Publications Index
superfluous. Watchtower Library on CD-ROM
If you are going to use the information in a talk, No. 2:
ask yourself: ‘Does the point I plan to use really (Proverbs 14:1-21)
contribute something worthwhile to my
presentation of the subject? Or, even though it is No. 3:
interesting material, does it tend to divert attention How Has God's Permission of Wickedness
from the subject that I ought to be talking about?’ If Benefited Us?
you are considering using current events or rs p. 429 - p. 430 Wickedness
material from the ever-changing fields of science
or medicine, make sure that the information is Have we in any way benefited by
up-to-date. Realize, too, that some points in older God’s permission of wickedness
publications of ours may have been updated, so down till the present?
consider what has most recently been published 2 Pet. 3:9: “Jehovah is not slow
on the topic. respecting his promise, as some
There is a special need to be cautious if you people consider slowness, but he is
choose to compile information from secular patient with you because he does not
sources. Never forget that God’s Word is truth. desire any to be destroyed but desires
(John 17:17) Jesus occupies the key role in the all to attain to repentance." (Because
fulfillment of God’s purpose. Therefore, Colossians his patience has extended down till our
2:3 says: “Carefully concealed in him are all the day, we have the opportunity to
treasures of wisdom and of knowledge." Evaluate demonstrate that we are repentant and
the fruits of your research from that perspective. that, instead of making our own
With regard to secular research, ask yourself: ‘Is decisions as to good and bad, we want
this material exaggerated, speculative, or to submit to Jehovah’s righteous
shortsighted? Was it written with a selfish or rulership.)
commercial motive? Do other authoritative sources Rom. 9:14-24: “What shall we say, then? Is there
agree with it? Above all, does it harmonize with injustice with God? Never may that become so! . . .
Bible truth?’ If, now, God, although having the will to
demonstrate his wrath and to make his power
Proverbs 2:1-5 encourages us to keep known, tolerated with much long-suffering vessels
searching for knowledge, understanding, and of wrath made fit for destruction [that is, he
discernment “as for silver, and as for hid tolerated the existence of wicked people for a
treasures." That implies both exertion and rich time], in order that he might make known the riches
rewards. Research takes effort, but doing it will of his glory upon vessels of mercy, which he
help you to find God’s thoughts on matters, to prepared beforehand for glory [that is, he would
correct mistaken ideas, and to make firm your use the time to extend mercy to certain ones, in
grasp of the truth. It will also add substance and life harmony with his purpose], namely, us, whom he
to your presentations, making them a pleasure to called not only from among Jews but also from
deliver and a delight to hear. among nations, what of it?” (Thus God put off the
[Box on page 33] destruction of the wicked so as to allow time to
WHICH OF THESE RESEARCH TOOLS DO YOU select people whom he would glorify with Christ as
HAVE? members of the heavenly Kingdom. Has God’s
doing that been an injustice to anyone? No; it is
part of Jehovah’s arrangement for blessing people
of all sorts who will be favored with the opportunity
to live forever on a paradise earth. Compare Psalm
What Can Help Us to Pay Close Attention at
Oct. 23 You must realize, however, that some Bible
Song 131 translators have taken liberties with God’s Word.
Bible reading: Proverbs 17-21 Their renderings may not conform in all respects to
Speech Quality: Use of the Bible Encouraged (be what was in the original Bible languages. A number
pp. 145-6) of modern translations have eliminated God’s
No. 1: Proverbs-Why Beneficial-Part 1 (si pp. personal name, obscured what the
109-10 ¶ 19-28) original-language text says regarding the condition
No. 2: Proverbs 17:1-20 of the dead, and concealed what the Bible says
No. 3: How Christians View the Elderly about God’s purpose for the earth. In order to show
No. 4: * What View of Women Does the Bible a person what has been done, you may need to
Promote? (rs p. 431 ¶ 2-3) compare key texts from a variety of Bibles or from
earlier translations in the same language. On a
Speech Quality number of subjects, Reasoning From the
Use of the Bible Encouraged Scriptures provides a comparison of the ways that
be study 19 pp. 145-146 various translations render key expressions in
verses that are often used. Anyone who loves truth
What do you need to do? will be grateful for knowledge of the facts.
Encourage your audience to follow At Congregation Meetings. All should be
along in the Bible as texts are read. encouraged to use their Bibles at congregation
Why is it important? meetings. This accomplishes good in a number of
ways. It helps to keep the attention of the audience
What a person sees with his own eyes,
on what is being discussed. It adds visual impact to
especially in his own Bible, makes a
the oral instruction given by the speaker. And it
impresses on the minds of newly interested ones
that the Bible is, indeed, the source of our beliefs.
OUR desire is to direct the attention of everyone
to God’s Word, the Bible. That sacred book is the Whether those in your audience actually follow
basis for the message that we preach, and we your reading of Scripture texts in their own Bibles
want people to realize that what we say is, not of will depend to a great extent on the
our own originality, but from God. People need to encouragement that you give. Direct invitation is
develop confidence in the Bible. one of the best methods.
In the Field Ministry. When preparing for the It is up to you, the speaker, to decide which
field ministry, always select one or more scriptures texts you want to emphasize by having the
to share with people who are willing to listen. Even audience look them up. It is best to read scriptures
if you are planning to make a relatively brief that will help you develop your main points. Then,
presentation of Bible literature, it is often beneficial as time permits, add a few others that support your
to read an appropriate Bible text. The Bible has argument.
greater power to direct sheeplike people than
Of course, merely citing the text or inviting the
anything that we might personally say. Where it is
audience to look up a scripture is not usually
not possible actually to read from the Bible, you
sufficient. If you read one text and then go on to
may choose to quote from it. In the first century,
another before your audience has even had time to
copies of Scripture scrolls were not widely
find the first one, they will soon become
available. Yet, Jesus and his apostles quoted
discouraged and will stop trying to follow along in
extensively from the Scriptures. We too should
the Bible. Be observant. When the majority have
make an effort to memorize scriptures and use
located the text, read it.
these appropriately in our ministry, sometimes just
quoting them. Think ahead. Cite your scripture sufficiently in
advance of reading it. This will minimize the loss of
When you are able to read from the Bible, hold it
time that results from waiting for the audience to
so that the householder can follow along as you
find the text. While less material will be covered if
read. If the householder follows along in his own
you allow time for the audience to look up
copy of the Bible, his response to what he reads
scriptures, the benefits will make it worthwhile.
may be even more favorable.
HOW TO DO IT
Show the householder the text as you in want of heart to turn aside and feed themselves
read it from the Bible, or invite him to with wisdom’s bread. Then, with the fear of
follow along in his own Bible. Jehovah, they will be happy even if they have little.
Many are the blessings of wisdom; greatly
When speaking in the congregation,
beneficial are its effects. Wisdom and
directly invite the audience to look up
knowledge—these are preliminary fundamentals
key scriptures, and then allow them
for thinking ability, the kind that will safeguard us.
enough time to do this.
As honey is beneficial and pleasant, so is wisdom.
EXERCISES: On return visits, try the following: (1)
It is of more value than gold; it is a tree of life.
Hand your Bible to the householder, and ask him if
People perish without wisdom, for wisdom
he would like to read a certain verse that you have
preserves life; it means life. —4:7; 1:7, 20-23; 2:6,
already located. (2) Ask the householder if he
7, 10, 11; 3:13-18, 21-26; 8:1-36; 9:1-6, 10; 10:8;
would like to get his own Bible and read a key
13:14; 15:16, 24; 16:16, 20-24; 24:13, 14.
(3) Besides knowledge and wisdom,
No. 1: understanding is vital; hence, “with all that you
Proverbs-- Why Beneficial - Part 1 acquire, acquire understanding." Understanding is
the ability to see a thing in its connected parts; it
si pp. 109-110 Bible Book Number means discernment, always with God in mind, for
20—Proverbs man cannot lean upon his own understanding.
How utterly impossible to have understanding or
discernment if one works in opposition to Jehovah!
The beneficial purpose of Proverbs is stated To make it our own, we must keenly seek
in the opening verses: “For one to know wisdom understanding as a hidden treasure. To
and discipline, to discern the sayings of understand, we must have knowledge. The search
understanding, to receive the discipline that gives that the understanding one makes for knowledge is
insight, righteousness and judgment and rewarded, and wisdom is in front of him. He is
uprightness, to give to the inexperienced ones safeguarded from this world’s innumerable pitfalls,
shrewdness, to a young man knowledge and such as from the countless bad people who might
thinking ability." (1:2-4) In harmony with that stated try to ensnare one to walk with them in the way of
purpose, the book highlights knowledge, wisdom, darkness. Thanks be to Jehovah God—the Source
and understanding, each of which is beneficial in of life-giving knowledge, wisdom, and
its particular way. understanding!—4:7; 2:3, 4; 3:5; 15:14; 17:24;
(1) Knowledge is man’s great need, for it is 19:8; 21:30.
not good for man to fall into ignorance. One can In harmony with the beneficial purpose of
never acquire accurate knowledge without the fear Proverbs, the book presents an abundance of
of Jehovah, for knowledge starts with that fear. wise, inspired counsel to help us acquire
Knowledge is to be preferred rather than choice understanding and safeguard the heart, “for out of
gold. Why? Through knowledge the righteous are it are the sources of life." (4:23) Following is a
rescued; it holds us back from hastening into sin. selection of the wise counsel stressed throughout
How we need to search for it, to take it in! Precious the book.
it is. So “incline your ear and hear the words of the 24
The wicked and the righteous contrasted: The
wise ones, that you may apply your very heart to
wicked one will be caught in his crooked ways, and
my knowledge."—22:17; 1:7; 8:10; 11:9; 18:15;
his treasures will not save him in the day of fury.
The righteous one is in line for life and will be
(2) Wisdom, the ability to use knowledge rewarded by Jehovah. —2:21, 22; 10:6, 7, 9, 24,
aright to the praise of Jehovah, “is the prime thing." 25, 27-32; 11:3-7, 18-21, 23, 30, 31; 12:2, 3, 7, 28;
Acquire it. Its Source is Jehovah. Life-giving 13:6, 9; 14:2, 11; 15:3, 8, 29; 29:16.
wisdom has its start in knowing and fearing 25
The need for clean morals: Solomon warns
Jehovah God—that is the great secret of wisdom.
continually against immorality. Adulterous persons
So fear God, not man. Wisdom personified issues
will receive a plague as well as dishonor, and their
a proclamation, urging all to mend their ways.
reproach will not be wiped out. “Stolen waters” may
Wisdom cries aloud in the very streets. Jehovah
seem sweet to a youth, but the prostitute descends
calls out to all those inexperienced ones and those
to death and takes her inexperienced victims with God indicated that woman would possess qualities
her. Those who fall into the deep pit of immorality that would complement those of man within God’s
are denounced by Jehovah. —2:16-19; 5:1-23; arrangement. A complement is one of two mutually
6:20-35; 7:4-27; 9:13-18; 22:14; 23:27, 28. completing parts. Thus women as a group are
26 outstanding in certain qualities and abilities; men,
The need for self-control: Drunkenness and
in others. Compare 1 Corinthians 11:11, 12.)
gluttony are condemned. All who will have God’s
Gen. 3:16: “To the woman [God] said: ‘ . . . your
approval must practice moderation in eating and
craving will be for your husband, and he will
drinking. (20:1; 21:17; 23:21, 29-35; 25:16; 31:4, 5)
dominate you. ’” (This declaration after Adam and
Those who are slow to anger are abundant in
Eve had sinned was not a statement of what men
discernment and greater than a mighty man that
should do but of what Jehovah foreknew they
captures a city. (14:17, 29; 15:1, 18; 16:32; 19:11;
would do now that selfishness had become part of
25:15, 28; 29:11, 22) Self-control is also needed to
human life. A number of Bible accounts thereafter
avoid envy and jealousy, which is rottenness in
tell of the very unhappy situations that developed
one’s bones. —14:30; 24:1; 27:4; 28:22.
because of such selfish domination by men. But
Wise and unwise use of speech: Crooked the Bible does not say that God approved of such
speech, the slanderer, the false witness, and the conduct or that it is an example for others to
falsifier will be uncovered, for they are detestable follow.)
to Jehovah. (4:24; 6:16-19; 11:13; 12:17, 22; 14:5,
25; 17:4; 19:5, 9; 20:17; 24:28; 25:18) If one’s
mouth speaks good things, it is a source of life; but
the mouth of the foolish person precipitates his
ruin. “Death and life are in the power of the tongue,
and he that is loving it will eat its fruitage." (18:21)
Slander, deceitful speech, flattery, and hasty
words are condemned. It is the course of wisdom
to speak truth, to honor God. —10:11, 13, 14;
12:13, 14, 18, 19; 13:3; 14:3; 16:27-30; 17:27, 28;
18:6-8, 20; 26:28; 29:20; 31:26.
The folly of pride and the need for humility: The
proud person elevates himself to a height that he
really does not have, so that he crashes. The
proud in heart are detestable to Jehovah, but he
gives humble ones wisdom, glory, riches, and life.
—3:7; 11:2; 12:9; 13:10; 15:33; 16:5, 18, 19; 18:12;
21:4; 22:4; 26:12; 28:25, 26; 29:23.
How Christians View the Elderly
What View of Women Does the Bible Promote?
rs p. 431 Women
Does the Bible downgrade women or treat
them as if they were inferior persons?
Gen. 2:18: “Jehovah God went on to say: ‘It is Song 9
not good for the man to continue by himself. I am Bible reading: Proverbs 22-26
going to make a helper for him, as a complement of Speech Quality: The Importance of Introducing
him. ’” (The man is not here described by God as Scriptures Effectively (be p. 147 ¶ 1-p. 148 ¶ 2)
being a better person than the woman. Rather,
Oral Review Timothy 3:1-5 with conditions that are familiar to
you." “Will there ever be an end to suffering and
Speech Quality death? The Bible answer can be found at
The Importance of Introducing Scriptures Revelation 21:4, 5."
Effectively In a discourse, careful use of questions to
introduce scriptures can motivate your audience to
be study 20 pp. 147-148 Scriptures Effectively take a fresh look at texts, even those familiar to
Introduced them. But will they do so? That may depend on
What do you need to do? whether the questions that you raise are of
genuine concern to them or not. Even when the
Prepare the minds of your listeners subject is of interest to the audience, their minds
before you read a scripture. may drift when you are reading texts that they have
Why is it important? heard many times. To prevent that from
happening, you need to give the matter enough
An effective introduction to a scripture
thought to make your presentation appealing.
can help your audience understand
the real significance of what the text Present a Problem. You might present a
says. problem and then direct attention to a scripture that
has a bearing on the solution. Do not lead the
THE Scriptures provide the foundation for audience to expect more than they will get. Often a
instruction given at our congregation meetings. scripture provides only part of the solution.
Bible texts are also focal points in what we say in However, you might ask the audience to consider,
the field ministry. How much these contribute to while you read the text, what guidance it does give
our discussion, however, depends in part on how for dealing with the situation.
effectively they are introduced. In a similar manner, you might state a principle of
godly conduct and then use a Bible account to
More is needed than simply referring to the
illustrate the wisdom of following it. If a scripture
scripture and inviting someone to read it with you.
contains two (or perhaps more) specific points
When introducing a scripture, endeavor to
related to what is being discussed, some speakers
accomplish two objectives: (1) Arouse anticipation,
ask the audience to watch for these. If a problem
and (2) focus attention on the reason for using the
appears to be too difficult for a particular audience,
text. These objectives can be attained in a variety
you can stimulate thought by presenting several
possibilities and then allowing the text and its
Ask a Question. This is most effective if the application to provide the answer.
answer is not already obvious to your audience.
Endeavor to phrase the question in a manner that
makes people think. Jesus did this. When the
Pharisees approached him in the temple and
publicly tested his understanding of the Scriptures,
Jesus asked them: “What do you think about the
Christ? Whose son is he?” They replied: “David’s."
Jesus then asked: “How, then, is it that David by
inspiration calls him ‘Lord’?” And with this he
proceeded to quote Psalm 110:1. The Pharisees
were silenced. The crowd, however, listened to
Jesus with pleasure. —Matt. 22:41-46.
In the field ministry, you might use such
introductory questions as the following: “You and I
have personal names. Does God have a personal
name? We can find the answer at Psalm 83:18."
“Will there ever be one government for all
mankind? Notice how this is answered at Daniel
2:44." “Does the Bible really deal with conditions
that exist in our day? Compare what is stated at 2
Nov. 6 the psalms were composed by David and not all of
Song 51 the book of Proverbs was written by Solomon. It is
Bible reading: Proverbs 27-31 also beneficial to know who was being addressed
Speech Quality: Selecting Appropriate Comments by the Bible writer and what general subject was
to Introduce Scriptures (be p. 148 ¶ 3-p. 149 ¶ 2) being discussed.
No. 1: Proverbs-Why Beneficial-Part 2 (si pp.
Use Background Information. This is
110-11 ¶ 29-38)
especially effective if you can show that
No. 2: Proverbs 28:1-18
circumstances existing at the time of the Bible
No. 3: Is the Assigning of Headship to Men
account were similar to those that you are
Demeaning to Women? (rs p. 432 ¶ 1-3)
discussing. In other instances background
No. 4: Why We Should Not Judge People We Meet
information is necessary in order to understand a
in the Ministry by Outward Appearances
particular text. If you were to use Hebrews 9:12, 24
in a talk on the ransom, for example, you might find
Speech Quality: it necessary to preface your reading of the text with
Selecting Appropriate Comments to Introduce a brief explanation of the innermost room of the
Scriptures tabernacle, which, the scripture indicates, pictures
be study 20 Scriptures Effectively Introduced the place Jesus entered when he ascended to
Cite the Bible as the Authority. If you have heaven. But do not include so much background
already aroused interest in your subject and stated material that it overshadows the text that you are
one or more views on some aspect of it, you might introducing.
introduce a scripture by simply saying: “Note what To improve the way that you introduce
God’s Word states on this point." This shows why scriptures, analyze what experienced speakers do.
the material that you are going to read is Note the different methods that they use. Analyze
authoritative. the effectiveness of these methods. In preparing
Jehovah used such men as John, Luke, Paul, your own talks, identify the key scriptures, and give
and Peter to write portions of the Bible. But they special thought to what each text should
were only writers; Jehovah is the Author. accomplish. Carefully plan the introduction for
Especially when speaking to people who are not each one so that it will be used with the most telling
students of the Holy Scriptures, introducing a text effect. Later, widen out to include all of the texts
by saying “Peter wrote” or “Paul said” may not that you use. As this aspect of your presentation
have the same force as an introduction that improves, you will be focusing greater attention on
identifies the text as the word of God. It is the Word of God.
noteworthy that in certain instances, Jehovah HOW TO DO IT
instructed Jeremiah to introduce proclamations by When selecting a method that will
saying: “Hear the word of Jehovah." (Jer. 7:2; arouse interest, take into account what
17:20; 19:3; 22:2) Whether we use Jehovah’s your audience already knows and how
name in introducing scriptures or not, before we they feel about the subject.
conclude our discussion, we should endeavor to
point out that what is in the Bible is his word. Be sure that you know what is to be
accomplished by each text, and let
Take the Context Into Account. You should your introductory comments reflect
be aware of the context when deciding how to that.
introduce a scripture. In some cases you will
directly mention the context; however, context may EXERCISE: Select a scripture that you believe you
in other ways influence what you say. For instance, can use effectively in your territory. Plan (1)
would you introduce the words of God-fearing Job what question or problem you will present to
in the same way that you would a statement made arouse anticipation on the part of the
by one of his false comforters? The book of Acts householder and (2) how you will focus
was written by Luke, but he quotes, among others, attention on your reason for reading the text.
James, Peter, Paul, Philip, Stephen, and angels,
as well as Gamaliel and other Jews who were not
Christians. To whom will you ascribe the text that
you quote? Remember, for example, that not all of
No. 1: course, but Jehovah must direct his steps. The
Proverbs-- Why Beneficial Part 2 name of Jehovah is a strong tower, into which the
si pp. 110-111 Bible Book Number righteous run and gain protection. Hope in
20—Proverbs Jehovah and go to his Word for guidance. —3:1, 5,
29 6; 16:1-9; 18:10; 20:22; 28:25, 26; 30:5, 6.
Diligence, not slothfulness: Many are the
descriptions of a lazy person. He should go to the How beneficial for teaching and disciplining
ant for a lesson and become wise. Ah, but the ourselves and others is the book of Proverbs! No
diligent one—he will prosper!—1:32; 6:6-11; 10:4, phase of human relationship seems to be
5, 26; 12:24; 13:4; 15:19; 18:9; 19:15, 24; 20:4, 13; overlooked. Is there a person who isolates himself
21:25, 26; 22:13; 24:30-34; 26:13-16; 31:24, 25. from his fellow worshipers of God? (18:1) Is one in
30 a high position coming to conclusions before
Right association: It is folly to associate with
hearing both sides of a matter? (18:17) Is one a
those who do not fear Jehovah, with wicked or
dangerous practical joker? (26:18, 19) Does one
stupid ones, with hot-tempered people, with
tend to be partial? (28:21) The tradesman in his
talebearers, or with gluttons. Rather, associate
store, the farmer in his field, the husband and wife
with wise persons, and you will become still wiser.
and child—all receive wholesome instruction.
—1:10-19; 4:14-19; 13:20; 14:7; 20:19; 22:24, 25;
Parents are helped so they can expose the many
snares lurking in the path of youth. Wise ones can
Need for reproof and correction: “The one teach the inexperienced ones. The proverbs are
whom Jehovah loves he reproves,” and those who practical wherever we live; the book’s instruction
pay heed to this discipline are on the way to glory and counsel never go out of date: “The book of
and life. He who hates reproof will come to Proverbs,” once said American educator William
dishonor. —3:11, 12; 10:17; 12:1; 13:18; 15:5, Lyon Phelps, “is more up to date than this
31-33; 17:10; 19:25; 29:1. morning’s newspaper." Up-to-date, practical, and
Counsel on being a good wife: Repeatedly beneficial for teaching is the book of Proverbs
the Proverbs warn against a wife’s being because it is inspired of God.
contentious and acting shamefully. The discreet, Being beneficial for setting things straight, the
capable God-fearing wife has the law of book of Proverbs, spoken largely by Solomon,
loving-kindness on her tongue; whoever finds such turns men to Almighty God. So, too, did Jesus
a wife gets goodwill from Jehovah. —12:4; 18:22; Christ, the one referred to at Matthew 12:42 as
19:13, 14; 21:9, 19; 27:15, 16; 31:10-31. “something more than Solomon."
The rearing of children: Teach them God’s How thankful we can be that this preeminently
commandments regularly so that they “do not wise One is Jehovah’s choice as the Kingdom
forget." Bring them up from infancy in the Seed! His throne it is that “will be firmly established
instruction of Jehovah. Do not spare the rod when by righteousness itself,” for a peaceful reign far
it is needed; as an expression of love, the rod and more glorious than even that of King Solomon.
reproof give a boy wisdom. Those who rear Concerning that Kingdom rule, it will be said,
children God’s way will have wise children who will “Loving-kindness and trueness—they safeguard
bring rejoicing and much pleasure to father and the king; and by loving-kindness he has sustained
mother. —4:1-9; 13:24; 17:21; 22:6, 15; 23:13, 14, his throne." That will open up an eternity of
22, 24, 25; 29:15, 17. righteous government for mankind, concerning
which the Proverbs also say: “Where a king is
Responsibility to help others: This is often judging the lowly ones in trueness, his throne will
stressed in the Proverbs. The wise one must be firmly established for all time." Thus, we come
spread knowledge about for the benefit of others. A to appreciate with joy that the Proverbs not only
person must also be generous in showing favor to light our pathway to knowledge, wisdom, and
those of little means, and in doing so, he is really understanding, as well as to everlasting life, but,
lending to Jehovah, who guarantees repayment. more important, they magnify Jehovah as the
—11:24-26; 15:7; 19:17; 24:11, 12; 28:27. Source of true wisdom, which he dispenses
Reliance upon Jehovah: Proverbs gets to the through Christ Jesus, the Kingdom Heir. Proverbs
heart of our problems in counseling that we put adds much to our appreciation of God’s Kingdom
complete trust in God. We must take notice of and the righteous principles by which it now
Jehovah in all our ways. A man may plan his governs. —Prov. 25:5; 16:12; 20:28; 29:14.
Jehovah refers to his own organization of loyal
No. 2: spirit creatures as a woman, his wife, the mother of
(Proverbs 28:1-18) his sons. (Rev. 12:1; Gal. 4:26) Also, the
spirit-anointed congregation of Jesus Christ is
No. 3: spoken of as his bride. (Rev. 19:7; 21:2, 9) And
Is the Assigning of Headship to Men from a spiritual standpoint there is no distinction
Demeaning to Women? between male and female among those called to
rs p. 432 Women share in the heavenly Kingdom with Christ. —Gal.
Is the assigning of headship to men
demeaning to women? No. 4:
Being under headship is not in itself Why We Should Not Judge People We Meet in
demeaning. Headship contributes to the Ministry by Outward Appearances
the handling of matters in an orderly
arrangement, and Jehovah is “a God,
not of disorder, but of peace." (1 Cor.
14:33) Jesus Christ is under the
headship of Jehovah God, and he
finds great satisfaction in that
relationship. —John 5:19, 20; 8:29; 1
Cor. 15:27, 28.
A relative headship is also assigned to
man, particularly in the family and in
the Christian congregation. God has
not given to man absolute authority
over woman; man must answer to his
head, Jesus Christ, and to God for the
way that he exercises such headship.
(1 Cor. 11:3) Furthermore, husbands
are commanded “to be loving their
wives as their own bodies” and to
‘assign honor’ to their wives. (Eph.
5:28; 1 Pet. 3:7) The sexual needs of a
husband are not put above those of his
wife in God’s arrangement for married
couples. (1 Cor. 7:3, 4) The role of a
capable wife, as outlined in the Bible,
emphasizes her value to the
household and the community. It
allows a broad field in which she can
use initiative while demonstrating her
appreciation for her husband’s
headship. (Prov. 31:10-31) The Bible
commands children to honor not only
their father but their mother as well.
(Eph. 6:1-3) It also gives special
attention to caring for the needs of
widows. (Jas. 1:27) Thus among true
Christians, women can find great
security, true appreciation for
themselves as individuals, and
personal satisfaction in their activity.
The dignity of woman’s position in God’s
arrangement is further shown by the fact that
Nov. 13 Writer: Solomon
Song 25 Place Written: Jerusalem
Bible reading: Ecclesiastes 1-6
Writing Completed: Before 1000 B. C. E.
Speech Quality: Proper Emphasis Involves
Feeling (be p. 150 ¶ 1-2) THE book of Ecclesiastes was written for a lofty
No. 1: Introduction to Ecclesiastes (si pp. 112-13 ¶ purpose. Solomon, as leader of a people dedicated
1-8) to Jehovah, had the responsibility to hold them
No. 2: Ecclesiastes 5:1-15 together in faithfulness to their dedication. He
No. 3: How Are Bible Truths Hidden From the Wise sought to fulfill this responsibility by means of the
and Intellectual Ones? (Matt. 11:25) wise counsel of Ecclesiastes.
No. 4: Should Women Be Ministers? (rs p. 432 ¶
4-p. 433 ¶ 1) In Ecclesiastes 1:1 he refers to himself as “the
congregator." The word in the Hebrew language is
Speech Quality: Qoheleth, and in the Hebrew Bible, the book is
Proper Emphasis Involves Feeling given that name. The Greek Septuagint gives the
title as Ekklesiastes, meaning “a member of an
be study 21 p. 150 Scriptures Read With Proper ecclesia (congregation; assembly),” from which is
Emphasis derived the English name Ecclesiastes. However,
Qoheleth is more aptly translated “The
What do you need to do?
Congregator,” and this is also a more fitting
Emphasize words and expressions designation for Solomon. It conveys Solomon’s
that highlight your line of reasoning. purpose in writing the book.
Read with appropriate feeling. 3
In what sense was King Solomon a
Why is it important? congregator, and to what did he do congregating?
The full force of scriptures that are He was a congregator of his people, the Israelites,
read is made to stand out with proper and of their companions, the temporary residents.
emphasis. He congregated all of these to the worship of his
God, Jehovah. Previously he had built Jehovah’s
WHEN you speak to others about God’s temple in Jerusalem, and at its dedication he had
purposes, whether privately or from the platform, called together, or congregated, all of them to the
your discussion should center on what is in God’s worship of God. (1 Ki. 8:1) Now, by means of
Word. This usually involves reading scriptures Ecclesiastes, he sought to congregate his people
from the Bible, which ought to be done well. to worthwhile works and away from the vain,
Proper Emphasis Involves Feeling. Scriptures fruitless works of this world. —Eccl. 12:8-10.
should be read with feeling. Consider some Though Solomon is not specifically named,
examples. When you read Psalm 37:11 aloud, several passages are quite conclusive in
your voice should convey happy anticipation of the establishing him as the writer. The congregator
peace that is promised there. When you read introduces himself as “the son of David” who
Revelation 21:4 regarding the end of suffering and “happened to be king over Israel in Jerusalem."
death, your voice should reflect warm appreciation This could apply only to King Solomon, for his
for the marvelous relief that is being foretold. successors in Jerusalem were kings over Judah
Revelation 18:2, 4, 5, with its appeal to get out of only. Moreover, as the congregator writes: “I
sin-laden “Babylon the Great,” ought to be read myself have greatly increased in wisdom more
with a tone of urgency. Of course, the feeling than anyone that happened to be before me in
expressed should be heartfelt but not overdone. Jerusalem, and my own heart saw a great deal of
The proper amount of emotion is determined by wisdom and knowledge." (1:1, 12, 16) This fits
the text itself and by the way it is being used. Solomon. Ecclesiastes 12:9 tells us that “he
pondered and made a thorough search, that he
No. 1: might arrange many proverbs in order." King
Introduction To Ecclesiastes Solomon spoke 3,000 proverbs. (1 Ki. 4:32)
Ecclesiastes 2:4-9 tells of the writer’s building
si pp. 112-113 Bible Book Number program; vineyards, gardens and parks; irrigation
21—Ecclesiastes system; arrangement of menservants and
maidservants; accumulation of silver and gold; and No. 2:
other accomplishments. All of this was true of (Ecclesiastes 5:1-15)
Solomon. When the queen of Sheba saw
Solomon’s wisdom and prosperity, she said: “I had No. 3:
not been told the half."—1 Ki. 10:7. How Are Bible Truths Hidden From the Wise
5 and Intellectual Ones? (Matt. 11:25)
The book identifies Jerusalem as the place of
writing in saying that the congregator was king “in
Jerusalem." The time must have been before the
Should Women Be Ministers?
year 1000 B. C. E. , well along in Solomon’s
rs p. 432 - p. 433 Women
40-year reign, after he had engaged in the
numerous pursuits referred to in the book but Those charged with oversight of a congregation
before his fall into idolatry. By then he would have are described in the Bible as being males. The 12
gained extensive knowledge of this world’s apostles of Jesus Christ were all males, and those
occupations and its striving after material gains. At later appointed to be overseers and ministerial
the time he would still have been in God’s favor servants in Christian congregations were males.
and under His inspiration. (Matt. 10:1-4; 1 Tim. 3:2, 12) Women are
6 counseled to “learn in silence with full
How can we be sure that Ecclesiastes is
submissiveness” at congregation meetings, in that
“inspired of God”? Some may query its inspiration
they do not raise questions challenging the men in
in that it does not once mention the divine name,
the congregation. The women are ‘not to speak’ at
Jehovah. However, it certainly advocates the true
such meetings if what they might say would
worship of God, and it repeatedly uses the
demonstrate lack of subjection. (1 Tim. 2:11, 12; 1
expression haElohim, “the true God." Another
Cor. 14:33, 34) Thus, although women make
objection may be raised because there are no
valuable contributions to the activity of the
direct quotations from Ecclesiastes in the other
congregation, there is no provision for them to
Bible books. However, the teachings presented
preside, or to take the lead by instructing the
and the principles laid down in the book are entirely
congregation, when qualified men are present.
in harmony with the remainder of the Scriptures.
But may women be preachers, proclaimers,
Clarke’s Commentary, Volume III, page 799,
ministers of the good news, outside the
states: “The book, entitled Koheleth, or
congregation meetings? At Pentecost of 33 C. E.
Ecclesiastes, has ever been received, both by the
holy spirit was poured out on both men and
Jewish and Christian Church, as written under the
women. In explanation, the apostle Peter quoted
inspiration of the Almighty; and was held to be
Joel 2:28, 29, saying: “‘In the last days,’ God says,
properly a part of the sacred canon."
‘I shall pour out some of my spirit upon every sort
Worldly-wise “higher critics” have claimed that of flesh, and your sons and your daughters will
Ecclesiastes is not Solomon’s writing or a genuine prophesy and your young men will see visions and
part of “all Scripture,” saying that its language and your old men will dream dreams; and even upon
its philosophy are of a later date. They ignore the my men slaves and upon my women slaves I will
fund of information that Solomon would have pour out some of my spirit in those days, and they
accumulated through his progressive development will prophesy. ’” (Acts 2:17, 18) In like manner
of international trade and industry, as well as from today, women properly share in the Christian
traveling dignitaries and other contacts with the ministry, preaching from house to house and
outside world. (1 Ki. 4:30, 34; 9:26-28; 10:1, 23, conducting home Bible studies. —See also Psalm
24) As F. C. Cook in his Bible Commentary, 68:11; Philippians 4:2, 3.
Volume IV, page 622, writes: “The daily
occupations and chosen pursuits of the great
Hebrew king must have carried him far out of the
sphere of ordinary Hebrew life, thought and
However, are outside sources really needed to
argue the canonicity of Ecclesiastes? An
examination of the book itself will reveal not only its
inward harmony but also its harmony with the rest
of the Scriptures, of which it is indeed a part.
Nov. 20 primary emphasis to “declared righteous” instead
Song 37 of to “works” might cause some who hear you to
Bible reading: Ecclesiastes 7-12 miss the point.
Speech Quality: Emphasize the Right Words (be Another helpful example can be found at Romans
p. 150 ¶ 3-p. 151 ¶ 2) 15:7-13. This is part of a letter written by the
No. 1: Ecclesiastes-Why Beneficial (si p. 114 ¶ apostle Paul to a congregation made up of both
15-19) Gentiles and natural Jews. Here the apostle
No. 2: Ecclesiastes 9:1-12 argues that the ministry of Christ benefits not only
No. 3: Why Do Christian Women Wear Head circumcised Jews but also people of the nations so
Coverings on Certain Occasions? (rs p. 433 ¶ 2-p. that “the nations might glorify God for his mercy."
434 ¶1) Then Paul quotes four scriptures, drawing
No. 4: What Is Wrong With Jealousy? attention to that opportunity for the nations. How
should you read those quotations in order to
Speech Quality emphasize the point that Paul had in mind? If you
Emphasize the Right Words are marking expressions to stress, you might
be study 21 pp. 150-151 Scriptures Read With highlight “the nations” in verse 9, “you nations” in
Proper Emphasis verse 10, “all you nations” and “all the peoples” in
verse 11, and “nations” in verse 12. Try reading
Emphasize the Right Words. If your Romans 15:7-13 with that emphasis. As you do so,
comments on a certain verse are built around just a Paul’s entire line of argument will become clearer
portion of it, you should highlight that portion when and easier to grasp.
reading the text. For example, when reading
Matthew 6:33, you would not give primary stress to No. 1:
“his righteousness” or to “all these other things” if Ecclesiastes -- Why Beneficial
you intend to analyze what is meant by “seeking
first the kingdom." si p. 114 Bible Book Number 21—Ecclesiastes
In a talk on the Service Meeting, you may plan WHY BENEFICIAL
to read Matthew 28:19. What words should you
emphasize? If you want to encourage diligence in Far from being a book of pessimism,
starting home Bible studies, stress “make Ecclesiastes is studded with bright gems of divine
disciples." On the other hand, if you plan to discuss wisdom. When enumerating the many
the Christian’s responsibility to share Bible truth accomplishments that he labels vanity, Solomon
with an immigrant population or you want to does not include the building of Jehovah’s temple
encourage certain publishers to serve where the on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem, nor the pure
need is greater, you might stress “people of all the worship of Jehovah. He does not describe God’s
nations." gift of life as vanity, but he shows that it was for the
purpose of man’s rejoicing and doing good. (3:12,
Frequently, a scripture is presented in answer to 13; 5:18-20; 8:15) The calamitous occupations are
a question or in support of an argument that others those that ignore God. A father may lay up wealth
view as controversial. If every thought expressed for his son, but a disaster destroys all and nothing
in the text is emphasized equally, your audience remains for him. Far better it would be to provide
may fail to see the connection. The point may be an enduring inheritance of spiritual riches. It is
obvious to you but not to them. calamitous to possess an abundance and not be
For example, when reading Psalm 83:18 from a able to enjoy it. Calamity overtakes all the worldly
Bible that contains the divine name, if you put all rich when they “go away” in death, with nothing in
the emphasis on the expression “the Most High,” a their hand. —5:13-15; 6:1, 2.
householder may fail to grasp the seemingly 16
At Matthew 12:42, Christ Jesus referred to
obvious fact that God has a personal name. You himself as “something more than Solomon." Since
should stress the name “Jehovah." However, when Solomon pictured Jesus, do we find the words of
you are using that same scripture in a discussion of Solomon in the book Qoheleth to be in harmony
Jehovah’s sovereignty, you should give primary with the teachings of Jesus? We find many
emphasis to the expression “the Most High." parallels! For example, Jesus underlined the
Likewise, when using James 2:24 to show the extensive scope of the work of God in saying, “My
importance of coupling faith with action, giving Father has kept working until now, and I keep
working." (John 5:17) Solomon also refers to God’s Why Do Christian Women Wear Head
works: “And I saw all the work of the true God, how Coverings on Certain Occasions?
mankind are not able to find out the work that has rs p. 433 - p. 434 Women
been done under the sun; however much mankind
1 Cor. 11:3-10: “The head of every man is the
keep working hard to seek, yet they do not find out.
Christ; in turn the head of a woman is the man; in
And even if they should say they are wise enough
turn the head of the Christ is God. . . . Every
to know, they would be unable to find out."—Eccl.
woman that prays or prophesies with her head
uncovered shames her head . . . For a man ought
Both Jesus and Solomon encouraged true not to have his head covered, as he is God’s image
worshipers to congregate. (Matt. 18:20; Eccl. and glory; but the woman is man’s glory. For man
4:9-12; 5:1) Jesus’ comments on “the conclusion of is not out of woman, but woman out of man; and,
the system of things” and “the appointed times of what is more, man was not created for the sake of
the nations” are in harmony with the statement by the woman, but woman for the sake of the man.
Solomon that “for everything there is an appointed That is why the woman ought to have a sign of
time, even a time for every affair under the authority upon her head because of the angels."
heavens."—Matt. 24:3; Luke 21:24; Eccl. 3:1. (When a Christian woman wears a head covering
18 on appropriate occasions, this is an evidence of
Above all, Jesus and his disciples join with
her respect for the headship arrangement that was
Solomon in warning of the pitfalls of materialism.
instituted by God. Christ respects theocratic
Wisdom is the true protection, for it “preserves
headship; man and woman are also obligated to do
alive its owners,” says Solomon. “Keep on, then,
so. The first man, Adam, was not produced by birth
seeking first the kingdom and his righteousness,
from a woman but was created by God. When
and all these other things will be added to you,”
creating Eve, God used a rib from Adam as a
says Jesus. (Eccl. 7:12; Matt. 6:33) At Ecclesiastes
foundation, and God stated that she was to be a
5:10 it is written: “A mere lover of silver will not be
helper for Adam. Thus to man, who was produced
satisfied with silver, neither any lover of wealth with
first, was assigned the position of head. The man
income. This too is vanity." Very similar is the
does not wear a head covering when ‘praying or
counsel that Paul gives at 1 Timothy 6:6-19 that
prophesying’ because, in regard to headship, man
“the love of money is a root of all sorts of injurious
is “God’s image,” having no earthly head in matters
things." There are similar parallel passages on
relating to his family. However, for a woman to
other points of Bible instruction. —Eccl. 3:17—Acts
‘pray or prophesy’ without a head covering would
17:31; Eccl. 4:1—Jas. 5:4; Eccl. 5:1, 2—Jas. 1:19;
show disrespect for man’s God-assigned position
Eccl. 6:12—Jas. 4:14; Eccl. 7:20—Rom. 3:23;
and would shame him. Even the angels, who are
Eccl. 8:17—Rom. 11:33.
19 members of Jehovah’s wifelike heavenly
The Kingdom rule of God’s beloved Son, Jesus
organization, observe the “sign of authority” worn
Christ, who in the flesh was a descendant of wise
by faithful Christian women and are reminded of
King Solomon, will establish a new earthly society.
their own subjection to Jehovah.)
(Rev. 21:1-5) What Solomon wrote for the
guidance of his subjects in his typical kingdom is of When is it necessary for a woman to
vital interest to all who now put their hope in God’s wear a head covering?
Kingdom under Christ Jesus. Under its rule When she “prays or prophesies,” as stated at 1
mankind will live by the same wise principles that Corinthians 11:5. This does not mean that a head
the congregator set forth and will rejoice eternally covering is needed when she prays privately or
in God’s gift of happy life. Now is the time to be when she converses with others about Bible
congregated in Jehovah’s worship, in order to prophecy. However, she should wear such a head
realize to the full the joys of life under his Kingdom. covering as an outward sign of her respect for
—Eccl. 3:12, 13; 12:13, 14. man’s headship when she cares for matters
pertaining to worship that would ordinarily be cared
No. 2: for by her husband or by another man. If she prays
(Ecclesiastes 9:1-12) aloud on behalf of herself and others or conducts a
formal Bible study, thus doing the teaching, in the
presence of her husband, she should wear a head
No. 3: covering, even if he does not share her faith. But
since she is divinely authorized to teach her
children, no head covering is needed when praying
or studying with her undedicated young ones at
times when her husband is not present. If, in an
exceptional circumstance, a dedicated male
member of the congregation is present or when
she is accompanied by a visiting traveling
overseer, then, when she conducts a prearranged
Bible study, she should cover her head, but he
should offer the prayer.
What Is Wrong With Jealousy?
Nov. 27 Tone of voice. In some languages, words may
Song 11 at times be read in a tone that influences their
Bible reading: Song of Solomon 1-8 meaning and sets them apart. Here, too, discretion
Speech Quality: Methods of Emphasis (be p. 151 should be exercised, especially in using sarcasm.
¶ 3-p. 152 ¶ 5)
When Others Read Texts. When a
No. 1: Introduction to Song of Solomon and Why
householder reads a scripture, he may stress the
Beneficial (si pp. 115-17 ¶ 1-4, 16-18)
wrong words or none at all. What can you do then?
No. 2: Song of Solomon 7:1-8:4
Generally it is best to make the meaning clear by
No. 3: Why Should Christians Be Neat, Clean, and
your application of the texts. After making the
Modest In Their Dress?
application, you might focus special attention
No. 4: Is It Proper for Women to Use Cosmetics or
directly on the thought-carrying words in the Bible.
Wear Jewelry? (rs p. 435 ¶ 1-3)
HOW TO CULTIVATE THE USE OF
Speech Quality: EMPHASIS
Methods of Emphasis
be study 21 Scriptures Read With Proper Regarding any scripture that you plan
Emphasis to read, ask yourself: ‘What feeling or
emotion do these words express? How
Methods of Emphasis. The thought-carrying should I convey it?’
words that you want to stand out may be stressed
in a number of ways. The means that you use Analyze texts that you plan to use.
should be in keeping with the scripture and the Regarding each one, ask yourself:
setting of the talk. A few suggestions are offered ‘What purpose will this text serve?
here. Which words need to be emphasized
in order to achieve that purpose?’
Voice stress. This involves any change in voice
that makes the thought-carrying words stand out EXERCISES: (1) Analyze a scripture that you plan
from the rest of the sentence. The emphasis may to use in the field service. Practice reading it
be achieved by a change in volume—either by with appropriate feeling. Having in mind the way
increasing it or by decreasing it. In many that you plan to use the text, read it aloud with
languages, a change in pitch adds emphasis. In emphasis on the correct word(s). (2) In a current
some languages, however, that may change the study publication, select one paragraph that
meaning altogether. When a slower pace is used contains quoted scriptures. Analyze how the
for key expressions, this adds weight to them. In scriptures are being used. Mark the
languages that do not permit voice stress as a thought-conveying words. Read the entire
means of emphasizing certain words, it will be paragraph aloud in a manner that gives proper
necessary to do whatever is customary in that emphasis to the scriptures.
language in order to obtain the desired results.
Pausing. This may be done before or after Introduction To Song of Solomon & Why
reading the key portion of a scripture—or both. Beneficial
Pausing immediately before you read a main si p. 115 Bible Book Number 22—The Song of
thought creates anticipation; pausing afterward Solomon
deepens the impression made. However, if there
are too many pauses, nothing will stand out. Writer: Solomon
Repetition. You can place emphasis on a Place Written: Jerusalem
particular point by interrupting yourself and
rereading the word or phrase. A method that is Writing Completed: c. 1020 B. C. E.
often preferable is to complete the text and then
repeat the key expression. “THE whole world was not worthy of the day in
which this sublime Song was given to Israel." Thus
Gestures. Body movement as well as facial the Jewish “rabbi” Akiba, who lived in the first
expression can often add emotion to a word or a century of the Common Era, expressed his
phrase. appreciation for The Song of Solomon. The book’s
title is a contraction of the opening words, “The
superlative song, which is Solomon’s." According
to the Hebrew word-for-word text, it is the “Song of said: “You are searching the Scriptures, because
the songs,” denoting superlative excellence, you think that by means of them you will have
similar to the expression “heavens of the heavens,” everlasting life." (John 5:39) Moreover, its powerful
for the highest heavens. (Deut. 10:14) It is not a portrayal of the exquisite quality of mutual love,
collection of songs but one song, “a song of the such as exists, in a spiritual sense, between Christ
utmost perfection, one of the best that existed, or and his “bride,” marks The Song of Solomon for its
had ever been penned." unique place in the Bible canon. —Rev. 19:7, 8;
King Solomon of Jerusalem was the writer of
this song, as is borne out by its introduction. He
si p. 117 Bible Book Number 22—The Song of
was highly qualified to write this supremely
beautiful example of Hebrew poetry. (1 Ki. 4:32) It
is an idyllic poem loaded with meaning and most WHY BENEFICIAL
colorful in its description of beauty. The reader who 16
What lessons are taught in this song of love
can visualize the Oriental setting will appreciate
that the man of God might find beneficial today?
this still more. (Song of Sol. 4:11, 13; 5:11; 7:4)
Faithfulness, loyalty, and integrity to godly
The occasion for its writing was a unique one. The
principles are clearly shown. The song teaches the
great king Solomon, glorious in wisdom, mighty in
beauty of virtue and innocence in a true lover. It
power, and dazzling in the luster of his material
teaches that genuine love remains unconquerable,
wealth, which evoked the admiration even of the
inextinguishable, unpurchasable. Young Christian
queen of Sheba, could not impress a simple
men and women as well as husbands and wives
country girl with whom he fell in love. Because of
can benefit from this fitting example of integrity
the constancy of her love for a shepherd boy, the
when temptations arise and allurements present
king lost out. The book, therefore, could rightly be
called The Song of Solomon’s Frustrated Love.
Jehovah God inspired him to compose this song But this inspired song is also most beneficial
for the benefit of Bible readers of the ages to for the Christian congregation as a whole. It was
follow. He wrote it in Jerusalem. Perhaps this was recognized as part of the inspired Scriptures by the
about 1020 B. C. E. , some years after the temple Christians of the first century, one of whom wrote:
had been completed. By the time he wrote the “All the things that were written aforetime were
song, Solomon had “sixty queens and eighty written for our instruction, that through our
concubines,” compared with “seven hundred endurance and through the comfort from the
wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines” Scriptures we might have hope." (Rom. 15:4) This
at the end of his reign. —Song of Sol. 6:8; 1 Ki. same inspired writer, Paul, could well have had in
11:3. mind the Shulammite girl’s exclusive love for her
3 shepherd when he wrote to the Christian
The canonicity of The Song of Solomon was
congregation: “For I am jealous over you with a
wholly unchallenged in early times. It was regarded
godly jealousy, for I personally promised you in
as an integral and inspired portion of the Hebrew
marriage to one husband that I might present you
canon long before the Common Era. It was
as a chaste virgin to the Christ." Paul also wrote of
embodied in the Greek Septuagint. Josephus
the love of Christ for the congregation as that of a
inserted it in his catalog of the sacred books.
husband for a wife. (2 Cor. 11:2; Eph. 5:23-27) Not
Therefore, it has the same evidence for its
only is Jesus Christ the Fine Shepherd for them but
canonicity as is commonly adduced for any other
he is also their King who holds out to his anointed
book of the Hebrew Scriptures.
4 followers the indescribable joy of “marriage” with
Some, however, have questioned the book’s
him in the heavens. —Rev. 19:9; John 10:11.
canonicity on the ground that there is no reference 18
Certainly these anointed followers of Christ
to God in it. The absence of any mention of God
Jesus can benefit much from the example of the
would not disqualify the book any more than the
Shulammite girl. They also must be loyal in their
mere presence of the word “God” would make it
love, unenticed by the materialistic glitter of the
canonical. The divine name does appear in its
world, keeping balance in their integrity clear
abbreviated form at chapter 8, verse 6, where love
through to the attainment of the reward. They have
is said to be “the flame of Jah." The book
their minds set on the things above and ‘seek first
unquestionably forms a part of those writings to
the Kingdom. ’ They welcome the loving
which Jesus Christ referred with approval when he
endearments of their Shepherd, Jesus Christ.
They are overjoyed in knowing that this dear one, Prov. 31:30: “Charm may be false, and prettiness
though unseen, is close beside them, calling on may be vain; but the woman that fears Jehovah is
them to take courage and conquer the world. the one that procures praise for herself."
Having that unquenchable love, as strong as “the
flame of Jah,” for their Shepherd King, they will
indeed overcome and be united with him as fellow
heirs in the glorious Kingdom of the heavens. Thus
will Jah’s name be sanctified!—Matt. 6:33; John
(Song of Solomon 7:1-8:4)
Why Should Christians Be Neat, Clean, and
Modest In Their Dress?
Is it proper for women to wear cosmetics or
rs p. 435 Women
1 Pet. 3:3, 4: “Do not let your adornment be that
of the external braiding of the hair and of the
putting on of gold ornaments or the wearing of
outer garments, but let it be the secret person of
the heart in the incorruptible apparel of the quiet
and mild spirit, which is of great value in the eyes of
God." (Does this mean that women should wear no
ornaments? Certainly not; just as it obviously does
not mean that they should not wear outer
garments. But they are here encouraged to be
balanced in their attitude regarding grooming and
dress, putting the primary emphasis on spiritual
1 Tim. 2:9, 10: “I desire the women to adorn
themselves in well-arranged dress, with modesty
and soundness of mind, not with styles of hair
braiding and gold or pearls or very expensive garb,
but in the way that befits women professing to
reverence God, namely, through good works."
(What really counts with God—one’s outward
appearance or one’s heart condition? Would God
be pleased if a woman wore no cosmetics or
jewelry but lived immorally? Or would he approve
women who are modest and sound in mind in their
use of cosmetics and jewelry and who primarily
adorn themselves with godly qualities and
Christian conduct? Jehovah says: “Not the way
man sees is the way God sees, because mere man
sees what appears to the eyes; but as for Jehovah,
he sees what the heart is."—1 Sam. 16:7.)
Dec. 4 further and to bring in more money. We do not
Song 90 adulterate the Word of God by mixing it with human
Bible reading: Isaiah 1-5 philosophies. “We are not peddlers of the word of
Speech Quality: Scriptures Correctly Applied (be God as many men are,” Paul declared, “but as out
p. 153 ¶ 1-p. 154 ¶ 3) of sincerity, yes, as sent from God, under God’s
No. 1: Introduction to Isaiah (si pp. 118-19 ¶ 1-8) view, in company with Christ, we are speaking."—2
No. 2: Isaiah 3:1-15 Cor. 2:17; 4:2.
No. 3: Will the World Be Destroyed by Fire? (rs p.
At times, you may quote a scripture to highlight
436 ¶ 1-2)
a principle. The Bible is filled with principles that
No. 4: * Why Christians Should Be "Slow About
provide sound guidance in dealing with a wide
Wrath" (Jas. 1:19)
variety of situations. (2 Tim. 3:16, 17) But you
should make sure that your application is accurate
Speech Quality and that you are not misusing a scripture, making it
Scriptures Correctly Applied appear to say what you want it to say. (Ps. 91:11,
be study 22 pp. 153-154 12; Matt. 4:5, 6) The application must be in
What do you need to do? harmony with Jehovah’s purpose, consistent with
Make sure that any application of a the entire Word of God.
scripture is in harmony with the context “Handling the word of the truth aright” also
and with the Bible as a whole. The includes getting the spirit of what the Bible says. It
application should also be in harmony is not a “club” with which to browbeat others.
with what has been published by “the Religious teachers who opposed Jesus Christ
faithful and discreet slave." quoted from the Scriptures, but they were shutting
Why is it important? their eyes to the weightier matters—those
involving justice and mercy and
It is a serious thing to teach others faithfulness—which are required by God. (Matt.
God’s Word. His will is that people 22:23, 24; 23:23, 24) When teaching God’s Word,
come to “an accurate knowledge of Jesus reflected his Father’s personality. Jesus’
truth." (1 Tim. 2:3, 4) That imposes on zeal for the truth was coupled with his deep love for
us the responsibility to teach God’s the people he taught. We should endeavor to
Word correctly. follow his example. —Matt. 11:28.
WHEN teaching others, more is required than How can we be sure that we are making proper
merely reading verses from the Bible. The apostle application of a scripture? Regular Bible reading
Paul wrote to his associate Timothy: “Do your will help. We also need to appreciate Jehovah’s
utmost to present yourself approved to God, a provision of “the faithful and discreet slave,” the
workman with nothing to be ashamed of, handling body of spirit-anointed Christians through whom he
the word of the truth aright."—2 Tim. 2:15. provides spiritual food for the household of faith.
(Matt. 24:45) Personal study as well as regular
To do this means that our explanation of attendance at and participation in congregation
scriptures must be consistent with what the Bible meetings will help us to benefit from the instruction
itself teaches. This requires that we take into provided through that faithful and discreet slave
account the context, instead of simply selecting class.
expressions that appeal to us and adding our own If the book Reasoning From the Scriptures is
ideas. Through the prophet Jeremiah, Jehovah available in your language and you learn to use it
warned against those prophets who professed to well, you will have at your fingertips the guidance
speak from the mouth of Jehovah but who actually that you need for correct application of hundreds of
presented “the vision of their own heart." (Jer. scriptures that are frequently used in our ministry.
23:16) The apostle Paul warned Christians against If you are planning to use an unfamiliar scripture,
contaminating God’s Word with human modesty will move you to do needed research so
philosophies when he wrote: “We have renounced that when you speak, you will be handling the word
the underhanded things of which to be ashamed, of the truth aright. —Prov. 11:2.
not walking with cunning, neither adulterating the
word of God." In those days dishonest wine
merchants would dilute their wine to make it go No. 1:
Introduction To Isaiah or no less than 46 years. No doubt he had also
si pp. 118-119 Bible Book Number 23—Isaiah committed his prophecy to writing by this latter
date. (1:1; 6:1; 36:1) Other prophets of his day
Writer: Isaiah were Micah in Judah and, to the north, Hosea and
Place Written: Jerusalem Oded. —Mic. 1:1; Hos. 1:1; 2 Chron. 28:6-9.
Writing Completed: After 732 B. C. E. That Jehovah commanded Isaiah to write
down prophetic judgments is established by Isaiah
Time Covered: c. 778–after 732 B. C. 30:8: “Now come, write it upon a tablet with them,
E. and inscribe it even in a book, that it may serve for
a future day, for a witness to time indefinite." The
THE menacing shadow of the cruel Assyrian ancient Jewish rabbis recognized Isaiah as the
monarch hung heavy over the other empires and writer and included the book as the first book of the
lesser kingdoms of the Middle East. The whole major prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel).
area was alive with talk of conspiracy and 5
confederation. (Isa. 8:9-13) Apostate Israel to the Though some have pointed to the book’s
north would soon fall victim to this international change of style from chapter 40 onward as
intrigue, while Judah’s kings to the south were indicating a different writer, or “Second Isaiah,” the
reigning precariously. (2 Ki. , chaps. 15-21) New change in subject matter should be sufficient to
weapons of war were being developed and put into explain this. There is much evidence that Isaiah
action, adding to the terror of the times. (2 Chron. wrote the entire book that bears his name. For
26:14, 15) Where could anyone look for protection example, the oneness of the book is indicated by
and salvation? Although the name of Jehovah was the expression, “the Holy One of Israel,” which
on the lips of the people and the priests in the little appears 12 times in chapters 1 to 39, and 13 times
kingdom of Judah, their hearts turned far off in in chapters 40 to 66, a total of 25 times; whereas it
other directions, first to Assyria and then down to appears only 6 times throughout the rest of the
Egypt. (2 Ki. 16:7; 18:21) Faith in Jehovah’s power Hebrew Scriptures. The apostle Paul also testifies
waned. Where it was not outright idolatry, there to the unity of the book by quoting from all parts of
prevailed a hypocritical way of worship, based on the prophecy and crediting the whole work to one
formalism and not the true fear of God. writer, Isaiah. —Compare Romans 10:16, 20;
15:12 with Isaiah 53:1; 65:1; 11:1.
Who, then, would speak for Jehovah? Who 6
would declare his saving power? “Here I am! Send Interestingly, starting in the year 1947, some
me,” came the ready response. The speaker was ancient documents were brought out of the
Isaiah, who had already been prophesying before darkness of caves not far from Khirbet Qumran,
this. It was the year that leprous King Uzziah died, near the northwest shore of the Dead Sea. These
about 778 B. C. E. (Isa. 6:1, 8) The name Isaiah were the Dead Sea Scrolls, which included the
means “Salvation of Jehovah,” which is the same prophecy of Isaiah. This is beautifully written in
meaning, though written in the reverse order, of the well-preserved pre-Masoretic Hebrew and is some
name Jesus (“Jehovah Is Salvation”). From start to 2,000 years old, from the end of the second
finish, Isaiah’s prophecy highlights this fact, that century B. C. E. Its text is thus about a thousand
Jehovah is salvation. years older than the oldest existing manuscript of
the Masoretic text, on which modern translations of
Isaiah was the son of Amoz (not to be the Hebrew Scriptures are based. There are some
confused with Amos, another prophet from Judah). minor variations of spelling and some differences
(1:1) The Scriptures are silent as to his birth and in grammatical construction, but it does not vary
death, though Jewish tradition has him sawn doctrinally from the Masoretic text. Here is
asunder by wicked King Manasseh. (Compare convincing proof that our Bibles today contain the
Hebrews 11:37.) His writings show him stationed in original inspired message of Isaiah. Moreover,
Jerusalem with his prophetess wife and at least these ancient scrolls refute the critics’ claims of two
two sons with prophetic names. (Isa. 7:3; 8:1, 3) “Isaiahs,” since chapter 40 begins on the last line
He served during the time of at least four kings of of the column of writing containing chapter 39, the
Judah: Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah; opening sentence being completed in the next
evidently beginning about 778 B. C. E. (when column. Thus, the copyist was obviously unaware
Uzziah died, or possibly earlier) and continuing at of any supposed change in writer or of any division
least till after 732 B. C. E. (Hezekiah’s 14th year), in the book at this point.
There is abundant proof of the authenticity of (Notice that it is “the ungodly men,” not humankind
Isaiah’s book. Aside from Moses, no other prophet as a whole, who are to be destroyed. Similarly,
is more often quoted by the Christian Bible writers. verse 6 refers to destruction of “the world” in
There is likewise a wealth of historical and Noah’s day. Wicked people were destroyed, but
archaeological evidence that proves it genuine, the earth as well as God-fearing Noah and his
such as the historical records of the Assyrian household remained. Is the “fire” in the coming day
monarchs, including Sennacherib’s hexagonal of judgment going to be literal, or is it symbolic of
prism on which he gives his own account of the complete destruction? What effect would literal fire
siege of Jerusalem. (Isa. , chaps. 36, 37) The heap have on such literal heavenly bodies as the already
of ruins that was once Babylon still bears witness intensely hot sun and stars? For further
to the fulfillment of Isaiah 13:17-22. There was a consideration of this text, see pages 113-115,
living testimony in each one of the thousands of under “Earth.")
Jews that marched back from Babylon, freed by a Prov. 2:21, 22: “The upright are the ones that will
king whose name, Cyrus, had been penned by reside in the earth, and the blameless are the ones
Isaiah nearly 200 years earlier. It may well be that that will be left over in it. As regards the wicked,
Cyrus was later shown this prophetic writing, for, they will be cut off from the very earth; and as for
on freeing the Jewish remnant, he spoke of being the treacherous, they will be torn away from it."
commissioned by Jehovah to do so. —Isa. 44:28;
45:1; Ezra 1:1-3. No. 4:
Outstanding in the book of Isaiah are the Why Christians Should Be "Slow About Wrath"
Messianic prophecies. Isaiah has been called “the (Jas. 1:19)
Evangelist prophet,” so numerous are the
predictions fulfilled in the events of Jesus’ life.
Chapter 53, for long a “mystery chapter,” not only
to the Ethiopian eunuch referred to in Acts chapter
8 but to the Jewish people as a whole, foretells so
vividly the treatment accorded Jesus that it is like
an eyewitness account. The Christian Greek
Scriptures record the prophetic fulfillments of this
remarkable chapter of Isaiah, as the following
comparisons show: vs. 1—John 12:37, 38; vs.
2—John 19:5-7; vs. 3—Mark 9:12; vs. 4—Matthew
8:16, 17; vs. 5—1 Peter 2:24; vs. 6—1 Peter 2:25;
vs. 7—Acts 8:32, 35; vs. 8—Acts 8:33; vs.
9—Matthew 27:57-60; vs. 10—Hebrews 7:27; vs.
11—Romans 5:18; vs. 12—Luke 22:37. Who but
God could be the source of such accurate
Will the world be destroyed by fire?
rs p. 436 World
2 Pet. 3:7: “By the same word [of God] the
heavens and the earth that are now are stored up
for fire and are being reserved to the day of
judgment and of destruction of the ungodly men."
Dec. 11 The Pharisees asked Jesus what they thought
Song 204 was a difficult question, namely: “Is it lawful for a
Bible reading: Isaiah 6-10 man to divorce his wife on every sort of ground?”
Speech Quality: Making Scripture Application Jesus based his reply on Genesis 2:24. Notice that
Clear (be 154 ¶ 4-p. 155 ¶ 4) he focused attention on just one part of it, and then
No. 1: Making an Outline (be pp. 39-42) he made the needed application. Having pointed
No. 2: Isaiah 10:1-14 out that the man and his wife become “one flesh,”
No. 3: Why Is Being Able to Forgive So Important? Jesus concluded: “Therefore, what God has yoked
No. 4: Who Rules This World-God or Satan? (rs p. together let no man put apart."—Matt. 19:3-6.
436 ¶ 3-p. 437 ¶ 2) How much explanation should you give in order to
make the application of a scripture clear? The
Speech Quality makeup of your audience and the importance of
Making Scripture Application Clear the point being discussed should determine that.
be study 22 pp. 154-155 Scriptures Correctly Let simplicity and directness be your aim.
Make the Application Clear. When teaching be pp. 39-42 Making an Outline
others, make sure that they clearly see the
connection between the subject that you are WHEN assigned to deliver a talk, many
discussing and the scriptures that you use. If you laboriously write it out, beginning with the
lead up to the scripture with a question, your introduction and working through to the conclusion.
listeners should see how the scripture answers Before the talk is completed, numerous drafts may
that question. If you are using the scripture in have been prepared. The process may take hours.
support of some statement, be sure that the
student clearly sees how the text proves the point. Is that the way you prepare your talks? Would
you like to learn an easier way? If you learn how to
Just reading the scripture—even with prepare an outline, you will no longer need to write
emphasis—is usually not enough. Remember, the everything out. This will give you more time to
average person is unfamiliar with the Bible and will practice delivering the talk. Your presentations will
probably not grasp your point with just one reading. be not only easier to give but more interesting to
Draw attention to the portion of the text that directly listen to and more motivating to your audience.
applies to what you are discussing.
Of course, for public talks given in the
This usually requires that you isolate key words, congregation, a basic outline is provided.
those that have a direct bearing on the point being However, that is not the case for most other talks.
discussed. The simplest method is to restate those You may be assigned only a subject or a theme. Or
thought-carrying words. If you are talking to an you may be asked to cover specific printed
individual, you might ask questions that will help material. Sometimes you may simply be provided
him to identify the key words. When talking to a with a few instructions. For all such assignments,
group, some speakers prefer to achieve their you need to prepare your own outline.
objective by using synonyms or by restating the
idea. However, if you choose to do this, exercise The sample on page 41 will give you an idea of
care that the audience does not lose sight of the how a brief outline might be arranged. Notice that
connection between the point of discussion and each of the main points begins at the left margin
the wording in the scripture. and is written in capital letters. Under each main
point are listed the thoughts that support it.
Having isolated the key words, you have laid a Additional points that will be used to develop those
good foundation. Now follow through. Did you thoughts are listed under them and indented a few
introduce the scripture with a clear indication as to spaces from the left margin. Examine this outline
your reason for using the text? If so, point out how carefully. Notice that the two main points relate
the words that you have highlighted relate to what directly to the theme. Observe, too, that the sub
you led your audience to expect. State clearly what points are not simply interesting items. Rather,
that connection is. Even if you did not use such an each one supports the main point under which it
explicit introduction to the text, there ought to be appears.
When you prepare an outline, it may not look points, note ideas that will help you to reason on
exactly like the sample. But if you grasp the those texts in a meaningful way. Put each item
principles involved, these will help you organize under the main point to which it belongs. If some of
your material and prepare a good talk in a the information does not fit any of your main points,
reasonable amount of time. How should you discard it—even if it is very interesting—or put it in
proceed? a file for use on another occasion. Keep only the
best material. If you try to cover too much, you will
Analyze, Select, and Organize
have to speak too fast and your coverage will be
You need a theme. Your theme is not merely a shallow. It is better to convey a few points that are
broad subject such as might be represented by a of real value to the audience and to do that well. Do
single word. It is the central idea that you want to not go overtime.
convey, and it indicates the angle from which you
At this point if not before, arrange your material
plan to discuss your subject. If a theme is
in logical sequence. The Gospel writer Luke did
assigned, analyze each main word carefully. If you
this. Having collected an abundance of facts
are to develop the assigned theme on the basis of
relating to his subject, he set them out “in logical
published material, study that material with the
order." (Luke 1:3) You might line your material up
theme in mind. If you are assigned only a subject,
chronologically or topically, possibly according to
then it will be up to you to choose the theme.
cause and effect or problem and solution,
Before doing so, however, you may find it helpful to
depending on what is most effective to attain your
do some research. By keeping your mind open,
objective. There should be no abrupt switching
you will often get fresh ideas.
from one idea to another. Your listeners should be
As you take these steps, keep asking yourself: led easily from one thought to another, with no
‘Why is this material important to my audience? gaps that cannot easily be bridged. Evidence
What is my objective?’ It should be not just to cover presented should lead the audience to logical
material or to give a colorful talk but to accomplish conclusions. As you arrange your points, think
something beneficial for your audience. When your about how the presentation will sound to your
objective takes shape, write it down. Keep audience. Will they readily follow your line of
reminding yourself of it as you prepare. thought? Will they be moved to act on what they
After you have determined your objective and hear, in harmony with the objective that you have
have selected a theme consistent with it (or in mind?
analyzed how your assigned theme fits in with that Next, prepare an introduction that arouses
objective), you can do research that is more interest in your subject and that shows your
focused. Look for material that will be of particular audience that what you are going to discuss is of
value to your audience. Do not settle for real value to them. It might help to write out your
generalities, but search for specific points that are first few sentences. Finally, plan a motivating
informative and truly helpful. Be realistic in the conclusion that is consistent with your objective.
amount of research that you do. In most cases you
If you work out your outline early enough, you
will soon have more material than you can use, so will have time to refine it before you deliver the talk.
you will need to be selective. You may see the need to support certain ideas with
Identify the main points that you need to discuss a few statistics, an illustration, or an experience.
in order to develop your theme and achieve your Using a current event or some item of local interest
objective. These will become your framework, your may help your audience to see more readily the
basic outline. How many main points should there relevance of the material. As you review your talk,
be? Perhaps two are enough for a short you may become aware of more opportunities to
discussion, and usually five are sufficient for even adapt the information to your audience. The
an hour-long discourse. The fewer the main points, process of analyzing and refining is essential to
shaping good material into an effective talk.
the more likely your audience will remember them.
Some speakers may need more extensive
Once you have your theme and the main points notes than others do. But if you organize your
in mind, organize your research material. Decide material under just a few main points, eliminate
what directly relates to your main points. Select what does not really support these, and put your
details that will add freshness to your presentation. ideas in logical order, you will find that with a little
When you choose scriptures to support the main experience, you will no longer need to write
everything out. What a time-saver that can be! And
the quality of your talks will improve. It will be rs p. 436 - p. 437 World
evident that you are truly benefiting from your
Theocratic Ministry School education. Dan. 4:35: “[The Most High God, Jehovah,] is
doing according to his own will among the army of
[Box on page 40] the heavens and the inhabitants of the earth. And
HOW TO PREPARE AN OUTLINE there exists no one that can check his hand or that
Determine why your subject is important to your can say to him, ‘What have you been doing?’” (In a
audience and what your objective is similar vein, Jeremiah 10:6, 7 refers to Jehovah as
“King of the nations” because he is the Superlative
Select a theme; if one is assigned, analyze it King, the one who can and will call to account
Gather informative, helpful material human kings and the nations over which they rule.
As the earth’s Creator, Jehovah is its rightful Ruler;
Identify your main points he has never abdicated that position.)
Organize your material; keep only the best John 14:30: “[Jesus said:] The ruler of the world
Prepare an interest-arousing introduction is coming. And he has no hold on me." (This ruler
obviously is not Jehovah God, whose will Jesus
Plan a motivating conclusion always performs loyally. This “ruler of the world”
Review your talk; refine it must be “the wicked one,” Satan the Devil, in
whose power “the whole world is lying,” as stated
[Box on page 41] at 1 John 5:19. Although mankind lives on a planet
WHAT IS GOD’S PURPOSE FOR THE EARTH? that belongs to God, the world that is made up of
those who are not Jehovah’s obedient servants is
GOD’S ORIGINAL PURPOSE WAS FOR THE under Satan’s control because such people obey
EARTH TO BE A PARADISE him. Those who wholeheartedly submit to
God started a paradise in Eden (Gen. 2:8, 15) Jehovah’s rulership are not part of that world.
Adam and Eve and their offspring were to Compare 2 Corinthians 4:4.)
extend Paradise earth wide (Gen. 1:28) Rev. 13:2: “The dragon [Satan the Devil] gave
GOD HAS NOT ABANDONED HIS PURPOSE TO to the beast its power and its throne and great
MAKE THE EARTH A PARADISE authority." (Comparison of the description of this
“beast” with Daniel 7 indicates that it represents
Lawless conduct of first humans under Satan’s human government, not just one such but the
influence did not change God’s purpose global system of political rulership. That Satan is its
At God’s appointed time, wicked people will ruler agrees with Luke 4:5-7, also with Revelation
be destroyed by God (Prov. 2:22) 16:14, 16, which depicts demonic utterances as
Satan will be cast into the abyss (Rev. leading the rulers of all the earth to war against
20:1-3) God at Armageddon. Satan’s rulership of the world
Christ will fulfill God’s purpose for the earth during is one that is merely tolerated by God until His
Millennial Rule appointed time arrives for settling the issue of
Sickness and death will be no more (Rev. universal sovereignty.)
21:3, 4) Rev. 11:15: “Loud voices occurred in heaven,
Dead ones will be resurrected to life on earth saying: ‘The kingdom of the world did become the
Under heavenly rulership, faithful humans will kingdom of our Lord [Jehovah] and of his Christ. ’”
share in making all the earth a paradise (Isa. (When this occurred in 1914, “the last days” for the
65:17, 21-25) present wicked system began. A new
manifestation of Jehovah’s sovereignty appeared,
this time through his own Son as Messianic Ruler.
Soon the wicked world will be destroyed, and
No. 2: Satan, its wicked spirit ruler, will be abyssed,
(Isaiah 10:1-14) unable to influence mankind.)
Why Is Being Able to Forgive So Important?
Who rules this world—God or Satan?
Dec. 18 It is evident that when answering questions,
Song 47 Jesus did not simply quote texts that gave a direct,
Bible reading: Isaiah 11-16 obvious answer. He analyzed what these said and
Speech Quality: Reason From the Scriptures (be then made application to the question at hand.
p. 155 ¶ 5-p. 156 ¶ 5)
When the resurrection hope was being
No. 1: Youths-Let Your Parents Help You Guard
challenged by the Sadducees, Jesus focused
Your Heart (w0410/15 p. 20 ¶1-p. 22 ¶ 3)
attention on one specific portion of Exodus 3:6. But
No. 2: Isaiah 11:1-12
he did not stop after quoting the scripture. He
No. 3: How Do True Christians View the World and
reasoned on it to show clearly that the resurrection
People Who Are Part of It? (rs p. 437 ¶ 3-p. 438 ¶
is part of God’s purpose. —Mark 12:24-27.
No. 4: True Christians Will Not Participate in the Mastering the ability to reason correctly and
War of Armageddon effectively from the Scriptures will be a significant
factor in your becoming a skilled teacher.
Reason From the Scriptures HOW TO DEVELOP THE ABILITY
be study 22 Scriptures Correctly Applied Read the Bible regularly. Carefully
Regarding the apostle Paul’s ministry in study The Watchtower, and prepare
Thessalonica, Acts 17:2, 3 tells us that he well for congregation meetings.
‘reasoned from the Scriptures. ’ This is an ability Be sure that you know the meaning of
that every servant of Jehovah should try to the words in any scripture that you plan
cultivate. For example, Paul related facts regarding to use. Read the text carefully so that
the life and ministry of Jesus, showed that these you correctly understand what it is
had been foretold in the Hebrew Scriptures, and saying.
then gave a forceful conclusion by saying: “This is
the Christ, this Jesus whom I am publishing to Make it a practice to do research in our
you." Christian publications.
EXERCISE: Reason on the meaning of 2 Peter
When writing to the Hebrews, Paul repeatedly 3:7. Does it prove that the earth will be destroyed
quoted from the Hebrew Scriptures. To emphasize by fire? (When defining “earth,” also consider what
or clarify a point, he often isolated one word or a is meant by “heavens." What scriptures show that
short phrase and then showed its significance. “earth” can be used in a figurative sense? Who or
(Heb. 12:26, 27) In the account found in Hebrews what is actually destroyed, as stated in verse 7?
chapter 3, Paul quoted from Psalm 95:7-11. Notice How does that agree with what occurred in Noah’s
that he then enlarged on three portions of it: (1) the day, which is referred to in verses 5 and 6?)
reference to the heart (Heb. 3:8-12), (2) the
significance of the expression “Today” (Heb. 3:7, No. 1:
13-15; 4:6-11), and (3) the meaning of the Youths-Let Your Parents Help You Guard Your
statement: “They shall not enter into my rest” (Heb. Heart
3:11, 18, 19; 4:1-11). Endeavor to imitate that w04 10/15 pp. 20-22
example as you make application of each
scripture. WHAT do you think is the most difficult
challenge facing a ship’s captain? Is it crossing a
Observe the effectiveness with which Jesus vast ocean safely? Not usually. Most shipwrecks
reasoned from the Scriptures in the account found occur near the shore, not in the open sea. In fact,
at Luke 10:25-37. A man versed in the Law asked: docking a ship can even be more hazardous than
“Teacher, by doing what shall I inherit everlasting landing an airplane. Why?
life?” In reply Jesus first invited the man to express
his view of the matter, and then Jesus emphasized Before a captain can safely berth his ship, he
the importance of doing what God’s Word says. has to avoid all the dangers that a particular port
When it became clear that the man was missing may pose. He needs to take into account
the point, Jesus discussed at length just one word underwater currents while steering clear of other
from the scripture—“neighbor." Instead of simply ships. He must also skirt any sandbanks, rocks, or
defining it, he used an illustration to help the man wrecks hidden underneath the water. And to make
come to the proper conclusion himself.
matters worse, this may be his first visit to the wrote that children should obey their parents, he
harbor. used a Greek word that can apply to children of
any age. As recorded at Matthew 23:37, for
To help overcome these problems, a wise
example, Jesus referred to the inhabitants of
captain may engage the services of a pilot who
Jerusalem as her “children,” even though the
knows the local waters intimately. The pilot stands
majority were adults.
at the captain’s side on the bridge and gives expert
direction. Together they consider the hazards and Many faithful men of old continued to obey their
steer the ship through any narrow channels to the parents long after they had become adults. Jacob,
port. although a grown man, understood that he should
obey his father’s command to avoid marrying a
The invaluable expertise of the pilot illustrates
woman who was not a worshiper of Jehovah.
the priceless help available to Christian youths
(Genesis 28:1, 2) Doubtless, Jacob had also
who have to chart a course through the difficult
noticed that his brother’s decision to marry pagan
waters of life. What is this help? Why do teenagers
Canaanite women had caused his parents
considerable heartache. —Genesis 27:46.
Let us continue the illustration of the ship. If you
Apart from their God-given duty to guide you,
are an adolescent, you are somewhat like the
your Christian parents are likely the most qualified
captain of a ship in that you must eventually take
to act as your advisers. That is primarily because
responsibility for your life. And your parents have a
they know you so well and have no doubt shown
role similar to that of a ship’s pilot as they try to
their selfless love for you over many years. Like the
guide you through some of the most difficult
ship’s pilot, they speak from experience. They
situations you will ever have to face in life. During
themselves have experienced “the desires
the teenage years, however, you may find it hard to
incidental to youth." And as true Christians, they
accept the advice your parents give you. Why is
have personally seen the value of following Bible
principles. —2 Timothy 2:22.
The problem often lies with the heart. Your
With such experienced help at your side, you
figurative heart may impel you to desire what is
are aided in handling even the most difficult of
forbidden or to protest at any apparent denial of
situations successfully. Take, for example, your
freedom. “The inclination of the heart of man,” the
relationship with the opposite sex. How can
Bible says, “is bad from his youth up." (Genesis
Christian parents guide you in this sensitive
8:21) Jehovah makes clear that you have a real
challenge ahead of you. “Deceitful is the heart
above all things, and dangerously wayward,” he Attraction to the Opposite Sex
warns. (Jeremiah 17:9, Rotherham) In addition to
Pilots advise ship captains to give sandbanks
harboring wrong desires, the heart can deceive a
that stretch beneath the waters a wide berth.
youth into thinking that he knows better than his
Sandbanks are soft but also treacherous, since
parents, even though they have much more
they constantly shift position. Your parents will
experience. There are good reasons, however, for
likewise want you to keep your distance from
you to seek your parents’ help when navigating the
situations that might ensnare you emotionally.
difficult teenage years.
Parents know, for example, that feelings toward
Why Obey Your Parents? the opposite sex go deep and can be difficult to
define. But once aroused, these feelings can
Above all, Jehovah, the Originator of the family,
cause you to run aground.
tells you that you should listen to your parents’
direction. (Ephesians 3:15) Since God has The example of Dinah illustrates a risk of
appointed your parents to take care of you, he steering too close to danger. Perhaps curiosity and
gives you this counsel: “Children, the right thing for a desire to have a good time moved Dinah to seek
you to do is to obey your parents as those whom companionship with Canaanite girls, whose morals
the Lord has set over you." (Ephesians 6:1-3, were undoubtedly lax. What at first seemed to be
Phillips; Psalm 78:5) While you may now be in your innocent fun soon led to a tragic experience—she
teenage years, your parents still have the was raped by “the most honorable” young man in
responsibility to guide you, and you have the town. —Genesis 34:1, 2, 19.
obligation to take notice. When the apostle Paul
Such dangers are compounded by the sexually Jehovah’s righteous ways.) (See pages 269-276,
oriented times in which we live. (Hosea 5:4) Most also 389-393.)
youths may give the impression that having fun
Jas. 4:4: “Adulteresses, do you not know that
with the opposite sex is the most exciting thing
the friendship with the world is enmity with God?
possible. Your heart may race at the thought of
Whoever, therefore, wants to be a friend of the
being alone with someone whom you find
world is constituting himself an enemy of God."
physically attractive. But loving parents will try to
(Because Christians are imperfect, they may at
protect you from association with youths who do
times get soiled through contacts with the world.
not respect God’s standards.
But when counseled from God’s Word, they repent
Laura admits that curiosity can blind teenagers and correct their ways. However, if some, by
to danger. “When the girls in my class tell me that deliberate choice, ally themselves with the world or
they have danced into the night with some great imitate its spirit, they show that they no longer are
boys, they make it sound like a true Christians but have become part of the world
never-to-be-forgotten experience. I realize that that is at enmity with God.)
they often exaggerate, but I still feel curious and
Rom. 13:1: “Let every soul be in subjection to
think that perhaps I’m missing out on a lot of fun.
the superior authorities, for there is no authority
Although I know that my parents are right not to let
except by God; the existing authorities stand
me go to such places, I still feel the temptation."
placed in their relative positions by God." (Those
A ship has no brakes, so it takes a long time to who heed this counsel are not rebels, trying to
stop. Parents know that passion behaves similarly. overthrow governments of the world. They subject
The book of Proverbs likens a man moved by themselves to the authority of political rulers,
unrestrained passion to a bull being led to the obeying them as long as the demands of such
slaughter. (Proverbs 7:21-23) You do not want to rulers do not conflict with God’s requirements.
allow such a thing to happen to you, leading you to Such governments were foreseen and foretold by
emotional and spiritual shipwreck. Your parents God. They exercise authority, not because he
may recognize when your heart has begun to empowered them, but by his permission. In his due
mislead you in this area, and they may give you time he will also remove them.)
counsel accordingly. Will you have the wisdom to
Gal. 6:10: “As long as we have time favorable
listen to them and thus avert calamity?—Proverbs
for it, let us work what is good toward all, but
especially toward those related to us in the faith."
You also need your parents’ support when you
(So, true Christians do not hold back from doing
have to cope with peer pressure. How can they
good to their fellowmen. They imitate God, who
makes the sun shine upon both wicked people and
good. —Matt. 5:43-48.)
Matt. 5:14-16: “You are the light of the world. . . .
Let your light shine before men, that they may see
your fine works and give glory to your Father who
is in the heavens." (For others to give glory to God
How Do True Christians View the World and
because of what Christians do, it is obvious that
People Who Are Part of It?
those who are Christians must be active witnesses
to the world concerning God’s name and purpose.
rs p. 437 - p. 438 World
It is to this activity that true Christians give primary
What is the attitude of true Christians toward emphasis.)
the world and toward people who are part of
John 15:19: “You [Jesus’ followers] are no part
of the world, but I have chosen you out of the
True Christians Will Not Participate in the War
world." (Thus true Christians are no part of the
mass of human society that is alienated from God.
They care for normal human activities, but they
shun attitudes, speech, and conduct that are
characteristic of the world and that conflict with
Dec. 25 very young ones, teenagers, adults, and some who
Song 53 are elderly. There may be newly interested ones as
Bible reading: Isaiah 17-23 well as those who began serving Jehovah before
Speech Quality: Practical Value Made Clear (be you were born. Some may be spiritually mature;
p. 157 ¶ 1-p. 158 ¶ 1) others may still be strongly influenced by certain
attitudes and practices of the world. Ask yourself:
Oral Review ‘How might the material I am going to discuss
benefit those in the audience? How can I help them
Speech Quality: to get the point?’ You may decide to give principal
Practical Value Made Clear attention to just one or two of the groups
be study 23 pp. 157-158 mentioned here. However, do not completely
What do you need to do? forget the others.
What if you are assigned to discuss a basic Bible
Help your audience to see how your teaching? How can you make such a talk beneficial
subject affects their lives or can be to an audience that already believes the teaching?
used by them in a beneficial way. Endeavor to strengthen their conviction in it. How?
Why is it important? By reasoning on the Scriptural evidence
supporting it. You can also deepen their
If people do not see the practical value appreciation for that Bible teaching. This might be
of what you are saying, they may tell done by showing how the teaching is consistent
you that they are not interested, or with other Bible truths and with Jehovah’s own
they may tune out mentally, allowing personality. Use examples—real-life experiences if
their minds to wander. possible—that show how understanding this
particular teaching has benefited people and has
WHETHER you are speaking to an individual or influenced their outlook on the future.
to a larger audience, it is unwise to assume that
your listener(s) will be interested in your subject
just because you are interested in it. Your
message is important, but if you fail to make clear
its practical value, you will probably not hold the
interest of your audience very long.
This is true of even a Kingdom Hall audience.
They may mentally tune in when you use an
illustration or experience that they have not heard
before. But they may tune out when you talk about
things they already know, especially if you fail to
build on those things. You need to help them see
why and how what you are saying is of real benefit
The Bible encourages us to think in practical
terms. (Prov. 3:21) Jehovah used John the
Baptizer to direct people to “the practical wisdom of
righteous ones." (Luke 1:17) This is wisdom that is
rooted in wholesome fear of Jehovah. (Ps. 111:10)
Those who appreciate this wisdom are helped to
cope successfully with life now and to lay hold on
the real life, the eternal life to come. —1 Tim. 4:8;
Making a Talk Practical. If your talk is going to
be practical, you must give careful thought not only
to the material but also to the audience. Do not
think of them merely as a group. That group is
made up of individuals and families. There may be