Rare kelp found in Pribilofs.pdf

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    The Aleutians and the Pribilofs
     Vol. 16, No. 45               •
                                                  The Dutch Harbor

                                           Unalaska, Alaska             •                                   •       $1.00          •
                                                                                                                                                                              to pick
                                                                                                                                                                              Ancient whalers’
                                                                                                                                                                              enduring impact
                                                                                                                                                                              Page 15

                                                                                                                                                                                October 9, 2008

                                                                                                                                                             Rare kelp
                                                                                                                                                             found in
                                                                                                                                                             ‘Missing link’ in sea plant
                                                                                                                                                             evolution at St. George Island
                                                                                                                                                             ALASKA NEWSPAPERS STAFF

                                                                                                                                                               Twenty-five students in the Pribilof Island
                                                                                                                                                             Marine Science Camp have discovered the
                                                                                                                                                             second-known population of a new species
                                                                                                                                                             of large brown marine algae, Aureophycus,
                                                                                                                                                             near St. George Island.
                                                                                                                                                               The kelp was discovered during the 11-day
                                                                                                                                                             Pribilof Island Marine Science Camp in July,
                                                                                                                                                             while elementary and high school students
                                                                                                                                                             were studying the area’s seawater tempera-
                                                                                                                                                             ture, salinity, marine habitats and sea crea-
                                                                                                                                                             ture biology.
                                                                                                                                                               The students used sophisticated instru-
                                                                                                                                                             ments like hydrophones for recording fur seal
                                                                                                                                                             sounds, fine-meshed chambered nets to sur-
                                                                                                                                                             vey local plankton and robotic underwater
                                                                                                                              Courtesy photo/ Karin Holser
                                                                                                                                                             cameras to see sealife.
                                                                                                                                                               During an early field trip, a 20-meter
Michelle Ridgway with Aureophycus from the Starya Artil patch on St. George Island.
                                                                                                                                                                               See Page 8, Kelp

Research goal: More king crab in every pot
This juvenile king crab
was raised from
                                                                                       Two-year old hatchery project                                  seaweed in conical shaped tanks in the Alutiiq Pride
                                                                                                                                                      Shellfish Hatchery in Seward were hatched by a
hatching at the Alutiiq                                                                working to restore population                                  team of scientists and research biologists in the ear-
Pride Shellfish                                                                                                                                       ly phases of a project designed to help restore long-
Hatchery and                                                                           JEFF STEPHAN, HEATHER MCCARTY                                  depressed king crab stocks. The project is a unique
is approximately 5                                                                     AND GALE VICK                                                  partnership between the crab industry, coastal com-
months old.                                                                                                                                           munities, Native groups, the National Marine
Courtesy photo / Ben Daly
                                                                                       For Alaska Newspapers
                                                                                                                                                      Fisheries Service (NMFS), the University of Alaska
                                                                                          The “Deadliest Catch” it’s not, but the results of          Fairbanks School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences
                                                                                       a research project in Seward might be just as                  (SFOS) and the Alaska Sea Grant college program.
                                                                                       intriguing to skippers of the rugged Bering Sea crab              In only its second year, AKCRRAB’s research
                                                                                       fleet as the next installment of the adrenalin-pump-           team made great progress in 2008 toward mass pro-
                                                                                       ing television show. After all, the goal of the Alaska         duction of juvenile king crab and successfully
                                                                                       King Crab Research, Rehabilitation and Biology                 launched a host of scientific studies that should
                                                                                       (AKCRRAB) program is to fill king crab pots                    result in greatly improved information about
                                                                                       throughout Alaska.
                                                                                           The tiny king crab clinging to tufts of artificial                               See Page 9, Crab

                            Caster’s Cutthroats meet one more time
                            Alaska Scouts recall                                       Platoon (Provisional) — came together at the
                                                                                       Anchorage Museum last month. It was their first meet-
                            World War II duty                                          ing in decades for Earl Acuff, Ed Walker and William
                                                                                       “Billy” Buck, and the three surviving Scouts told their
                            MIKE PETERS                                                stories to a crowd gathered to open a year-long exhib-
                                                 it at the museum that salutes the 66 Alaska Scouts as
                                                                                       war heroes.
                               As they scouted the Aleutian Islands for the U.S.          “A band of woodmen fighters like this hasn’t been
                            Army during World War II, sometimes they feasted           seen since the Alamo, and probably will never be seen
                            on Dall sheep, hauling the choice meat in by backpack      again,” said author Jim Reardon, who has written a
                            to their remote camps.                                     “faction” book that weaves the history of the men into
                               Other times, after going hungry for days, they’d dig    a fictional narrative. Reardon appeared on a panel with
                            up the sweet roots of basket grasses. The outdoor skills   the three surviving Scouts and later signed copies of
                            of that hardy outfit — Alaska Natives, trappers and        his book, which like the men is called “Castner’s
                            prospectors who knew how to live off the land — kept       Cutthroats.”
                            them alive as they monitored the Japanese-occupied            The men, most Alaska Natives like William “Billy”
                            islands of Attu and Kiska.                                 Buck, were recruited by the Army for their outdoors
        DH 10-9-08             The hardiness and derring-do of these men, and          skills after it became likely that Japanese forces would
                            their unconventional mix of Army and backwoods             invade the Aleutians. The islands were remote and scat-
                            garb, led to a gritty nickname that stuck to the unit:     tered in a wide area; the climate was often harsh: “It was                                                 Courtesy photo
                            Castner’s Cutthroats.                                      like having another enemy: The weather,” says Buck.               William “Billy” Buck in wartime.
                               Three grizzled veterans of that unit – the Alaska
     54159 00002
8                      8
                            Scouts, or more formally the 1st Combat Intelligence                           See Page 10, Cutthroats
Page 2                                                                                                                                        October 9, 2008

 Pen Air cuts flights,
 lays off 15 pilots
                                                   Natives question Palin’s support
                                                   Some say governor fails
 Fuel budget increased to                          to give issues a hearing
 $8 million by last month
                                                   ASSOCIATED PRESS
 ALASKA JOURNAL OF COMMERCE                           Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin routinely notes
    Peninsula Airways Inc. laid off 15             her husband’s Yup’ik Eskimo roots. But those
 pilots early in September and parked              connections haven’t erased doubts about her
 three of its turbo prop 19-passenger air-         in a community long slighted by the white
 craft in an effort to cut costs after a year of   settlers who flocked to Alaska and dominate
 high fuel prices.                                 its government.
    “We had a huge deficit that we had to             Since she took office in 2006, many Alaska
 make up over the rising costs of fuel, so I       Natives say they’ve felt ignored when she
 had to trim our operations back,” said            made appointments to her administration,
 Danny Seybert, chief executive officer at         sided with sporting interests over Native
 Pen Air.                                          hunting rights and pursued a lawsuit that
    Fuel prices rose above $4 a gallon for         Natives say seeks to undermine their ancient
 jet fuel in July, but fell below the $3 a gal-    traditions.
 lon mark during the second week in                   Alaska’s population today is mostly white
 September.                                        but nearly a fifth of its people are Native
    Seybert said the airline’s fuel budget         Americans — primarily Alaska Natives.
                                                                                                                                                                                Roy Corral/Alaska Newspapers
 swelled to $8 million by September and            Blacks and Asians combined make up less
 that the company’s budget was now $6              than 10 percent of the state’s population.
 million over budget. Pen Air operates on             As a result, race relations in Alaska are dif-   Emil Notti, right, a prominent Alaska Native leader, was appointed by Gov. Sarah Palin, left, as
 a March 31 fiscal year, Seybert said.             ferent from those in other states. Palin inher-     commissioner of the Department of Commerce. Notti was appointed at the beginning of Palin’s
    “Since we had an immediate need to             ited a complex, sometimes strained relation-        term in office and continues to hold the position.
 find $6 million, I decided to park the            ship with Alaska Natives. There is a wide
 Metros, lay off some of the pilot work-           economic disparity between its predominant-         advisers represent the state’s diversity. For      Anchorage history professor. But in her 21-
 force and increase ticket fares 17 percent,       ly white urban areas and the scores of isolated     example, Palin’s communications director, Bill     month tenure, the governor has used those
 and we are also cutting back service to           Native villages, and competition between            McAllister, is part black. Her commissioner        ties mostly to highlight her experiences in
 some destinations for a 15 percent reduc-         sport hunting rights and tribal sovereignty.        for the Department of Commerce,                    commercial fishing, moose hunting and gen-
 tion,” he said. “Still this only makes us $3         Early in her administration, Palin created a     Community and Economic Development,                eral outdoorsmanship.
 million closer to a $6 million deficit.”          furor by trying to appoint a white woman to         Emil Notti, is a noted Alaska Native leader.          “She has not manifested, so far, any extra-
    The airline will continue to operate in        a seat, held for more than 25 years by a              “The governor is colorblind when it comes        ordinary measures on behalf of Alaska
 this mode until spring, Seybert said.             Native, on the panel that oversees wildlife         to hiring,” Leighow said.                          Natives,” Haycox said.
    Peninsula Airways was started by               management. Ultimately, Palin named an                                                                    Alaska Inter-Tribal Council chairman
 Seybert’s father, Orin Seybert, in 1955           Athabascan Indian to the game board, but                                                               Mike Williams of Akiak said he’s been seek-
 from Pilot Point. The company started             not before relations were bruised.                      As a result, race relations in                 ing an audience with Palin to address tribal
 operating as Pen Air in 1991, after an               When a game board chairman suggested                                                                concerns ever since she was elected governor,
 agreement with Alaska Airlines to                 Alaska Natives missed a meeting because             Alaska are different from those in                 but her staff keeps telling him that her sched-
 become a code sharing and mileage point           they were drinking beer, the remark struck a           other states. Palin inherited a                 ule is full.
 partner.                                          chord since the Alaska Native community is                                                                “She’s so busy that she doesn’t have time
    Code sharing is an arrangement where           wracked by alcohol abuse. Palin, a candidate           complex, sometimes strained                     for the tribes. There needs to be respect and a
 another airline operates flights using the        for governor at the time, asked him to resign.      relationship with Alaska Natives.                  dialogue,” said Williams, who is also Yup’ik
 reservation codes and flight numbers of a            Critics felt the man’s remarks rose to the                                                          Eskimo.
 dominant airline.                                 level of misconduct that would have allowed                                                               This time of year, Williams is busy putting
    PenAir, Alaska’s largest commuter air-         the governor to fire him and were appalled             But Duke University political science pro-      away meat, fish and berries for the winter —
 line, normally operates as many as 40 air-        Palin didn’t do more to get him off the board       fessor Paula McClain, who went to high             supplies that are critical to survival in cash-
 craft providing scheduled service to 36           once she became governor later that year.           school in Alaska and now specializes in            poor rural villages — and he said he wants to
 communities throughout Southwest                     “He should have been removed,” said              minority relations, said Palin’s actions sug-      explain to Palin how increased pressures from
 Alaska.                                           Lloyd Miller, a tribal rights attorney based in     gest she has “a political tin ear or that she      sport hunting and fishing as well as oil and
                                                   Anchorage. “When your conduct fractures             simply doesn’t care.”                              mining have eroded native hunting lands.
                                                   the public trust, it’s misconduct.”                    “In a state like Alaska, how can you not be        Palin’s director of Community and
                                                      When Palin this summer fired Public              aware of how not reappointing a Native is          Regional Affairs, Tara Jollie, a member of the
         Get results.                              Safety Commissioner Walt Monegan, a
                                                   Native, she replaced him with a non-Native.
                                                                                                       going to play? At best, she’s naive,” McClain
                                                                                                                                                          Chippewa tribe of North Dakota, said the
                                                                                                                                                          popular governor’s schedule is busy, but she
                                                   His successor resigned after 10 days on the            Alaska Natives — the term includes              has attended events such as the yearly gath-
    To advertise in call                           job, when a previously undisclosed reprimand
                                                   that stemmed from a sexual harassment claim
                                                                                                       indigenous Eskimo, Aleut and Indian popu-
                                                                                                       lations — tend to lean Democrat. Many
                                                                                                                                                          ering of the Alaska Federation of Natives and
                                                                                                                                                          a recent bridge dedication honoring a native
                                                   against him came to light.                          prominent Native leaders have endorsed             leader.
           The Dutch Harbor                           The Monegan firing is the subject of two         Democrat Barack Obama for president.                  Jollie also said many of Palin’s initiatives,

  Fisherman                                        state investigations. Palin is accused of firing
                                                   Monegan because he refused to fire her sis-
                                                   ter’s former husband, a state trooper.
                                                      Two weeks after she was tapped as John
                                                                                                          But the mother of Palin’s husband, Todd, is
                                                                                                       a quarter Yup’ik Eskimo. Each summer, he
                                                                                                       heads to his birthplace in Western Alaska to
                                                                                                       work in the Bristol Bay commercial salmon
                                                                                                                                                          like energy assistance and sharing state rev-
                                                                                                                                                          enues with municipalities, are particularly
                                                                                                                                                          important to the rural Natives coping with
                                                                                                                                                          some of the highest fuel costs in the nation.
  (800) 770-9830                                   McCain’s running mate, Palin named a
                                                   Native to Monegan’s old position.
                                                                                                          Palin’s family ties would suggest she would
                                                                                                                                                             “It’s her nature to want the best for all
                                                                                                                                                          Alaskans,” said Jollie. “She would treat her
                                                      Palin spokeswoman Sharon Leighow said            be more sensitive to Native issues, said           native constituency exactly the same as any
                                                   the governor’s Cabinet members and chief            Stephen Haycox, a University of Alaska             other constituency.”
October 9, 2008                                                                                                                                          Page 3

Emergency fuel helps Adak survive
Debt, state revocation                              in sales taxes and utility bills.                   relations spokesman for Adak Fisheries.            ing earlier in the season than usual because
                                                       The city manager, with approval of the              But Adak Fisheries currently is experienc-      there was no guarantee utilities would be
disrupt utility service                             City Council, can disconnect power from a           ing hard times, as competition to process fish     available, Dushkin said. Contractors normal-
                                                    delinquent utility subscriber, but the council      has grown in recent months. The company            ly leave in October, but the last three planes
MARGARET BAUMEN                                     as whole has never approved a disconnect for        owes thousands of dollars in unpaid fuel bills     out were pretty full, she said.
Alaska Journal of Commerce
                                                    Adak Fisheries, Dushkin said.                       to the city and Aleut Enterprises, the fuel           The residents, however, are staying on. “I
                                                       Meanwhile, on Sept. 23, the Regulatory           division of the Aleut Corp.                        guess we could all pack up and leave, but to
   Emergency fuel shipments from the Aleut          Commission of Alaska released an order                 There is also plenty of friction between the    where?” she said.
Corp. are keeping the city of Adak’s genera-        finding that good cause exists to revoke the        city of Adak and the Aleut Corp. On Sept.             Adak Fisheries, meanwhile, is working
tors going for now, but officials of the region-    certificate of public convenience and necessi-      19, in the wake of an Adak City Council            with North Pacific Fishery Management
al Alaska Native corporation said Oct. 2 that       ty held by the city of Adak, doing business         agreement with Aleut Enterprises, city clerk       Council, which will introduce a discussion
state aid was needed to bail out the city.          as Adak Electric. RCA scheduled a public            Dushkin, city manager Steve Hines and City         paper at its October meeting to give more
   “We don’t want them to go without elec-          workshop in Anchorage for Oct. 20 for indi-         Council member Will Tillion tendered their         protection to Eastern Aleutian Island com-
tricity,” said Thomas Mack, president of the        viduals or entities interested in providing         resignations. According to Tillion, the trio       munities for processing Pacific cod.
Aleut Corp., in Anchorage. “We are trying           electric service to Adak.                           resigned in protest of council action without         From 2005 to 2007, vessels harvesting
to get it resolved, the quicker the better.”           RCA officials cited the utility’s continuing     the advice of the city attorney.                   Pacific cod delivered up to 84 percent of the
   Adak, population 136, lies on Kuluk Bay          struggle in providing adequate, safe and reli-         Tillion said the deal to allow fuel delivery    fish to the Adak shoreside processor, but
on Adak Island, 350 miles west of Unalaska.         able utility service in Adak as a reason to         included a provision that forgives the Alaska      when the crab-processing sector was consol-
   Since July, the city has had intermittent        revoke the certificate.                             Native corporation for removing copper com-        idated in 2008, landings to Adak Fisheries
problems getting fuel from the Aleut Corp.             Aleut’s Mack said his company wants the          ponents from the electric distribution system      dropped to 37 percent, Frasier said.
because the city was in arrears on paying the       city of Adak to have a viable power plant, but      that belongs to the city of Adak.                     This happened because some processor ves-
corporation’s subsidiary, Aleut Enterprises,        can only do so much.                                   Other council members were under duress         sels that previously worked in the crab fishery
for the fuel, said city clerk Chrissy Dushkin.         “We have been putting a little Band-Aid on       to sign the agreement because they were wor-       were suddenly freed up and began competing
   Meanwhile Aleut Corp. was in arrears pay-        the problem extending them fuel,” he said.“We       ried about a power outage, due to lack of fuel     to process Pacific cod. While Adak Fisheries
ing sales tax to the city, “because they wanted     are not helping the situation by just giving them   causing the clinic and school to close, he said.   processed black cod and halibut in summer
to deduct it from our (fuel) bill,” Dushkin said.   fuel; we are throwing good money after bad.”                                                           months and some crab in winter months,
   Dushkin estimated that the city owed                Adak Fisheries, which processes cod, hal-        Unfinished business                                Pacific cod is its most important fishery.
Aleut Enterprises about $500,000 for fuel, a        ibut, sablefish, crab and pollock, is the main-        The fuel shortage resulted in some 200 con-        To process the Pacific cod, Adak Fisheries
debt that in part was the result of Adak            stay of the Adak economy when things are            tractors, on the island to clean up unexploded     imports workers from outside the area,
Fisheries owing the city upward of $600,000         going well, said Dave Frasier, a government         ordinance left over from World War II, leav-       because most adult Adak residents are already
                                                                                                                                                           employed. Adak Fisheries does pay sales tax-
        NEWS IN BRIEF                                 DC-6 GOES OFF THE AIR
                                                                                                                                                           es on behalf of the fishermen who sell to
                                                                                                                                                           them, and pays a raw fish tax to the state,
                                                                                                                                                           which passes it on to the city of Adak.
AMHS releases 2009 schedule                                                                                                                                   Along with the processing competition,
   The Alaska Marine Highway System                                                                                                                        Adak Fisheries has had challenges in getting
announced the release of its 2009 summer                                                                                                                   its processed fish to market.
sailing schedule for its 11 vessels serving 32                                                                                                                “We are at the end of the line,” Frasier said.
ports between Bellingham, Wash., through                                                                                                                   There is no scheduled service from domestic
Prince Rupert, British Columbia and west to                                                                                                                vessels and processed fish for domestic mar-
the Aleutians.                                                                                                                                             kets can’t be shipped on a foreign processor.
   “The early release of next summer’s sched-                                                                                                                 The council’s discussion paper notes that
ule resulted from a cooperative effort between                                                                                                             the American Fisheries Act, the federal crab
the governor’s office, the Office of                                                                                                                       rationalization program and Bering Sea
Management and Budget, the Department                                                                                                                      Aleutian Island Amendment 80 program all
of Transportation and Public Facilities, the                                                                                                               allowed for consolidation that freed up some
Marine Transportation Advisory Board and                                                                                                                   processing sectors to compete for harvests
members of the public,” said Jim Beedle,                                                                                                                   that in the past went to shoreside facilities at
deputy commissioner of marine operations.                                                                                                                  Adak. The council will consider options to
   Beedle explained that the early schedule                                                                                                                protect processing efforts at Adak, which pro-
release might give Alaskans better and easier                                                                                                              vide several hundred jobs annually.
opportunities to plan business and vacation
travel needs.
   “Releasing the schedule as early as we did
                                                                                                                          Roy Corral/Alaska Newspapers
                                                                                                                                                                         Get Results.
should bring an added possibility of increased
ridership on the AMHS next summer,”                   A small crowd in the background gathered at Northern Air Cargo on Sept. 30 to witness the
Beedle added.                                         final flight of its DC-6 cargo aircraft. The company, which added three Boeing 737-200 jet                  Advertise weekly in
   The new schedule is available online and           aircraft to its fleet in 2007 and is considering expanding with additional aircraft, decided to
                                                                                                                                                                             The Dutch Harbor
reservations can be booked at www.ferry

Bingo returns to the Senior Center
                                                      retire its two active DC-6s. The 1950s-vintage aircraft provided service throughout Alaska’s
                                                      remote villages for NAC for the past 39 years. The company will donate one of its DC-6 to the
                                                      Alaska Aviation Heritage Museum.
  On Oct. 5, Bingo began at the Father
Ishmail Gromoff Senior Center in Unalaska
after a summer-long hiatus. Game will
resume on the first and third Sunday of every
month. Doors open at 4 p.m. and games
begin at 4:30 p.m. The permit number is
2057. For more information, call 581-5195.

  Send updated event information to vbar- by noon on
Wednesdays for it to appear in the next week’s
edition of The Fisherman.

Tuesday, Oct. 14
                                                               GRAND ALEUTIAN (liquor)
  • 7 p.m. City Council meeting. Meets are
held at City Hall on the second and fourth
Tuesday of the month.                                                   3X5
Thursday, Oct. 16
  • 7 p.m. School board meeting. Monthly
meetings are usually held on the third
Thursday of every month.

Sunday, Oct. 19
   • 4:30 p.m. Bingo! at the Father Ishmail
Gromoff Senior Center. Doors open at 4
p.m., bingo begins at 4:30. Takes place the
first and third Sunday of the month. For
more information call 581-5195.
Page 4
October 9, 2008                                                                                    FishermanOpinion
Tracking Palin’s opposition to Native rights
BY LLOYD MILLER AND HEATHER                                                                                                        although the federal court last year rejected         es to relent, regardless of the consequence for
KENDALL MILLER                                                                            COMMENT                                  this challenge, too, Palin has refused to lay         village children caught in the middle of the
For Alaska Newspapers                                                                                                              down her arms. The battle has thus moved              resulting jurisdictional nightmare.
                                                                              Alaska rejected Palin’s main challenge. The          on to the appellate courts. In both hunting              A third prong in her assault on Native peo-
   Perhaps no issue is of greater importance to                               court held that in 1980 Congress had                 and fishing matters, Palin has challenged crit-       ple has been Palin’s refusal to accord proper
Alaska Native peoples as the right to hunt and                                unequivocally granted the Department of the          ical protections that Native people depend            respect to Alaska Native languages and
fish according to ancient customary and tradi-                                Interior and the Department of Agriculture           upon for their subsistence way of life, merely        Alaska Native voters, by denying language
tional practices, and to carry on the subsistence                             joint authority to regulate and protect Alaska       to enhance sport fishing and hunting oppor-           assistance to Yup’ik-speaking voters. As a
way of life for future generations. These rights                              Native (and even non-Native) subsistence             tunities. She has tolerated leadership on her         result, this July the governor was ordered by a
are not just a matter of custom, they are a mat-                              fishing activities in most navigable waters.         state regulatory boards that is openly hostile        special three-judge panel of federal judges to
ter of necessity in a state where Native villages                             But that defeat has not deterred Palin.              to Native people, including people who have           provide various forms of voter assistance to
are spread across a largely roadless area cover-                                 Today Palin continues to argue in court that      gone so far as to suggest, when chairing pub-         Yup’ik voters residing in Southwest Alaska.
ing 375 million acres, and where subsistence                                  federal subsistence protections are too broad,       lic hearings, that all Native people are drunks.      Citing years of state neglect, Palin was
foods are still fully 60 percent of the local diet.                           and should be narrowed to exclude vast areas         Palin’s lawsuits are more than insensitive; they      ordered to provide trained poll workers who
   But Gov.Sarah Palin has consistently                                       from subsistence fishing in favor of sport and       are a direct attack on Alaska Native people.          are bilingual in English and Yup’ik; sample
opposed those essential and fundamental                                       commercial fishing. Palin opposes subsistence           Sadly, Palin’s campaign has not stopped with       ballots in written Yup’ik; a written Yup’ik
rights.                                                                       protections in marine waters, she opposes sub-       her attacks on subsistence. At the very same          glossary of election terms; consultation with
   As soon as Palin was sworn in as governor                                  sistence protections on many of the lands that       time that she has challenged federal subsistence      local tribes to ensure the accuracy of Yup’ik
she set a firm course against Native subsistence                              Alaska Natives selected under their 1971 land        rights, she has waged a second battle against         translations; a Yup’ik language coordinator;
rights. One of her very first decisions was to                                claims settlement, and she opposes subsistence       tribal sovereignty. While Palin pays lip service      and pre-election and post-election reports to
continue litigation that seeks to overturn every                              protections in many of the rivers where Alaska       to the fact that Alaska tribes are federally rec-     the court to track the state’s efforts.
subsistence fishing determination the federal                                 Natives customarily fish. Palin even opposes         ognized, it is an empty statement because she            Palin’s record is clear, and measured against
government has ever made in Alaska.The goal                                   subsistence fishing protections on Alaska            insists they have no authority whatsoever to act      some of the rights that are most fundamental
of Palin’s lawsuit (now known as Alaska v.                                    Native federal allotments, even though those         as sovereigns despite that recognition — unless,      to Alaska Native tribes — the subsistence
Kempthorne) is to invalidate all the subsistence                              riverside allotments were deeded to Native peo-      she argues, the state first permits a tribe to take   way of life, tribal sovereignty and voting
fishing regulations the federal government has                                ple purposely to foster Native subsistence activ-    some particular action. So unyielding is Palin        rights — that record is a failure.
ever issued to protect Alaska Native fishing in                               ities. In less than two years, Palin has proven      on tribal sovereignty issues that she has sought
navigable waters. If successful, Palin’s attack                               herself no friend of Alaska Native subsistence.      to block Alaska tribes from even exercising              Lloyd Miller and Heather Kendall Miller each
would move every subsistence issue into the                                      In her short tenure, Palin has also tried to      authority over the welfare of Native children         practice law in Anchorage, representing Native
courts and thus tie up Alaska Native subsis-                                  overturn critical federal protections for Alaska     — again, unless the state through its courts first    American interests. The views expressed here are
tence for generations.The reason is no secret: to                             Native customary and traditional uses of             authorizes a tribe to act. It is a position that is   theirs alone, and do not necessarily reflect the views
diminish subsistence fishing rights in order to                               game, again simply to enhance sport hunt-            so extreme that, not only have the federal courts     of their respective employers or their clients.
expand sport and commercial fishing.                                          ing. Palin’s attack here has targeted (among         rejected it, but even her own state courts have
   As it turns out, last year the federal court in                            others) the Ahtna in Chistochina, and                rejected it. Nonetheless, Palin stubbornly refus-

Fishery council delivers responsible management for catches
DAVID WITHERELL                                                                                                                    Pacific that it is now federal law and applies to     fisheries conservation is to reduce catches dur-
for The Dutch Harbor Fisherman                                                            COMMENT                                  all regional fisheries in the United States. By       ing years when stock productivity is low.
                                                                                                                                   law, the council can never assign total allow-           Alaska’s fisheries generate thousands of jobs,
  The recent opinion piece in the Sept. 19                                    fish’ isn’t responsible management,” is appar-       able catch limits higher than the sustainable         contribute millions of dollars to the economies
Fisherman by George Pletnikoff, “’Fish, baby,                                 ently based on a fundamental misunder-               limits set by the scientific committee. As a          of coastal communities across Alaska and pro-
                                                                              standing of federal fisheries management,            result, no stock of groundfish off Alaska is over-    vide high quality nutrition for people around
                                                                              and thus compels me to respond.                      fished or subject to overfishing, period.             the world. Yet Pletnikoff maligns industry and
                           The Dutch Harbor

  Fisherman                       (ISSN 1937-2175/USPS 015185)
                                                                                 The North Pacific Fishery Management
                                                                              Council was established in 1976 to allow local
                                                                              fishermen to participate in the development
                                                                              of fishing regulations right here in Alaska,
                                                                                                                                      Ironically, every point that Pletnikoff rais-
                                                                                                                                   es in his opinion piece illustrates how the
                                                                                                                                   council provides responsible stewardship of
                                                                                                                                   the marine resources off Alaska.
                                                                                                                                                                                         commerce, and implies that marine fish extrac-
                                                                                                                                                                                         tion is inherently bad and should be curtailed.
                                                                                                                                                                                         The fact is that federal law requires fisheries to
                                                                                                                                                                                         be managed for optimum yield, which includes
                                                                              rather than in Washington, D.C.                         For example, he notes that Pacific Ocean           commercial and recreational harvests for the
                   Victoria Barber, news editor
                                                                              Management measures developed by the                 perch and yellowfin sole stocks were deplet-          benefit of U.S. citizens.
                                       council must be approved by the National             ed by foreign vessels in the 1960s. What he              The North Pacific is recognized as having
                                        Marine Fisheries Service, and must comply            fails to mention is that these same stocks were       one of the best science-based fisheries man-
                     (800) 770-9830 ext. 424                                  with the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery                    rebuilt by conservative management measures           agement programs in the world, and has
                         (907) 348-2424
                       Fax: (907) 272-9512
                                                                              Conservation and Management Act, as well             implemented by the North Pacific Fishery              become a model for responsible fisheries man-
                     301 Calista Court, Suite B                               as all other applicable federal law.                 Management Council, and are now at very               agement in the United States. In fact, most of
                      Anchorage, AK 99518                                        The council is accountable to the American        high biomass levels and support sustainable           the world’s fish catch that is certified as envi-
                                                                              public through these laws and regulations,           fisheries.                                            ronmentally safe and sustainable by the Marine
                        Display advertising:
                          Carmen Zimbrick
                                                                              and not to the fishing industry, Greenpeace,            Pollock stocks increase and decline in             Stewardship Council (an independent, inter-
                                         or any other group.                                  response to environmental effects on produc-          national, nonprofit group) is caught off Alaska.
               In Alaska: (800) 770-9830 ext. 423                                Pletnikoff argues that because some coun-         tion and survival of young. As a result, bio-            I urge readers to get unbiased facts from
             (907) 348-2423 • Fax: (907) 272-9512                             cil members are fishermen, the council sets          mass can increase or decrease from year to year.      the National Marine Fisheries Service at
                Classified & Legal advertising:                                catch limits too high and allows overfishing         Biologically conservative catch limits, which
                In Alaska: (800) 770-9830 ext. 410
                                                                              to occur, and thus reforms are needed. Yet           are established by scientists rather than coun-
                        Fax: (907) 272-9512                                   this argument is patently false.                     cil members, are adjusted to constrain catches           — David Witherell is the deputy director of the
                         Subscriptions:                                          In the North Pacific, catch limits are estab-     relative to projected stock biomass and trends.       North Pacific Fishery Management Council. He holds
                         (907) 272-9830                                       lished annually based on comprehensive stock            For example, biomass of Bering Sea pollock         a master’s degree in fisheries management, is a
                                  assessments prepared by the National Marine          is currently declining from the 2004 peak abun-       certified fisheries professional, and has authored
                            Circulation:                                      Fisheries Service. Biologically sustainable catch    dance level. In 2008, catch limits were reduced       numerous peer-reviewed scientific papers on
                          (907) 348-2425
                                    limits are set by scientists on the Scientific and   by 24 percent, resulting in substantial econom-       ecosystem-based management and fisheries
                                                                              Statistical Committee, and not by council            ic losses to the fishing industry. Yet Pletnikoff     conservation. He can be reached at
                      Published Thursdays by
        Alaska Newspapers Inc./The Dutch Harbor Fisherman,                    members. The scientific committee has never          discusses the recent reduction in pollock catch
       301 Calista Court, Suite B, Anchorage, AK 99518-3028                   set a catch limit that allows overfishing. This      limits as an indication of mismanagement.The
    Postmaster: Please send address changes to The Dutch Harbor               practice has proven so successful in the North       exact opposite is true. The first tenet of good
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   © 2008 The Dutch Harbor Fisherman is a copyrighted publication
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October 9, 2008                                                                                                                                         Page 5

Demand for king crab likely to boost prices
    An eager market                                                                                     stocks there are on a slow but steady rebound.     show that in Greenland, it’s 186 pounds and
will be competing                                             F          F
                                                                  ISH ACTOR                                                                                200 pounds per person in Iceland. The coun-
for reduced supplies                                                                                    Celebrate seafood month                            try with the lowest per capita seafood con-
of king crab this                                   per-pound basis.                                       October is National Seafood Month – a dis-      sumption is Afghanistan at zero.
winter and that is                                      Retail sales are key to the king crab market    tinction proclaimed by Congress a quarter cen-        And where in the world do people eat the
likely to boost prices                              in the U.S. and reduced supplies have pushed        tury ago to recognize one of our nation’s oldest   most fish? The South Pacific islands of
for fishermen.                                      up wholesale prices by nearly 40 percent for        industries. Government figures show that           Tokelau, where each person eats more than
    A fleet of about                                imported product (primarily from Russia).           nationwide, the seafood industry provides more     440 pounds of seafood every year.
86 boats was on its                                 Talley said some major U.S. buyers may              than 250,000 jobs and contributes $60 billion to
way to the Bering                                   forego king crab until after the prime holiday      the U.S. economy each year. Alaska deserves        A green expo
Sea last week for the          LAINE WELCH          sales season when prices may soften.                special merit during Seafood Month, as it pro-        The first Green Industrial Business and
October 15 start of         For Alaska Newspapers      Alaska crabbers have proposed an opening         duces over half of our nation’s seafood – more     Career Expo is set for Oct. 10 at the Puget
king and Tanner crab                                price of $5.15 a pound for red king crab,           than all the other states combined. For 19 years   Sound Industrial Excellence Center.
fisheries. For Alaska’s largest king crab fishery according to market expert John Sackton of            in a row, Dutch harbor has ranked as the           Generating electricity from geothermal ener-
at Bristol Bay, crabbers will drop pots for a total That compares to of $4.35 a            nation’s No. 1 port for seafood landings. The      gy is a main topic and will include a presen-
catch of 20.36 million pounds of red king crab, pound last year. Fishermen receive a base               seafood industry is Alaska ’s No. 1 private        tation by Bernie Karl of the Chena Hot
compared to 20.38 million pounds last year. price and then a final adjustment after the                 employer. It ranks second only to Big Oil for      Springs Resort. The expo also includes work-
Ten percent comes off the top for the CDQ crab is sold.                                                 the tax dollars it pumps into state coffers.       shops where industrial firms can learn about

Quota) allocation, designed to I On the Web:
(Community          Development                                       Alaska crabbers compete with          More fish facts: Americans eat just over       energy efficiency, how to reduce emissions,
                                                                      Russia and Norway in world        16 pounds of seafood per person each year.         and “green collar” jobs of the future. Sponsors
help the economies of remote See how wind can power markets, and fishermen there                        (Compared to 63 pounds of beef.) America’s         include the Seattle Office of Economic
Western Alaska communities that fishing boats at:                     also are negotiating for higher   seafood favorites have remained largely the        Development, Seattle Community College
border the Bering Sea.                prices this year.                 same for five years: shrimp, canned tuna,          District, the National Wildlife Federation
    While U.S. king crab buyers                                       In other crab news, the catch     salmon, pollock and tilapia. The nation’s          and the Manufacturing Industrial Council of
might be tightening their belts due     v=4mFXxroPmqg                 quota for Bering Sea snow         seafood appetite is being fed mostly by for-       Seattle. (
to the sluggish economy, that’s not the case for crab (opilio Tanner) is reduced by 7 percent to        eign imports– nearly 80 percent of all fish           Pacific Marine Expo will take place Nov.
Alaska’s No. 1 customer: Japan. According to 58.5 million pounds, compared to 63 million                and shellfish eaten in the U.S. comes from         20-22 at the Qwest Center in Seattle. The
market analyst Ken Talley of Seafood Trend, pounds last season. The harvest for bairdi                  other countries.                                   event features four tracks: safety, workboat,
demand for Alaska king crab is strong in Japan Tanners, the larger cousin of snow crab, also               Speaking of other countries — that 16           fisheries/fisheries business and charter boats.
and that should be reflected in higher prices. decreased to 4.3 million pounds, a reduction             pounds of seafood that Americans eat pales         Keynote speaker is Dr. Jim Balsiger, NOAA
Imports of frozen crab into Japan through June of 23 percent. There will again be no fish-              when compared to other parts of the world.         Fisheries director, who will discuss Marine
dropped 27 percent from a year ago, and average eries for king crab at the Pribilofs and at St.         The Japanese, for example, eat 146 pounds          Fisheries in Transition. www.pacificmarine
wholesale prices increased by 41.5 percent on a Matthew Island, although blue king crab                 of seafood per person each year. U.N. figures

Regulators OK commercial, charter halibut catch split
Plan based on population                            timony. The plan must be approved by the               A limit would kick in during times when         no such restrictions.
                                                    U.S. Commerce Department secretary.                 the halibut population is low.                        Part of his plan would allow charter cap-
cuts take from two to one                             Commercial fishermen sought the split to             Charter captains say their customers can-       tains to lease catch rights from commercial
                                                    limit the growth of charter catches.                not tolerate a one-fish bag limit and would        fishermen to allow charter anglers to keep
ASSOCIATED PRESS                                      Charter boat captains asked the council not       likely cancel trips.                               more than one halibut per day.
    Federal regulators have approved a plan         to limit the number of fish their clients can          When federal fishery regulators tried to           Charter captains decry the high cost of
to apportion available halibut in two Alaska        take home.                                          enforce such a limit this summer in Southeast      leasing. They say the commercial fleet his-
regions among commercial and the charter              The lone council member voting no, Ed             Alaska, where the charter catch is growing         torically has caught the bulk of the halibut
fleets.                                             Dersham, said he could not support the plan         strongest, charter boat captains went to court     and will continue to under the council plan.
   The North Pacific Fishery Management             because it “does not meet the test of fair and      to block the regulation.                              The council is made up mostly of govern-
Council on Saturday voted 10-1 for the plan in      equitable.”                                            Council member Gerry Merrigan, a com-           ment and industry representatives from
Southeast and Southcentral Alaska, aimed set-         Dersham has operated a salmon and hal-            mercial halibut fisherman from Petersburg,         Alaska, Washington and Oregon. It helps reg-
tling a long-running fish feud between com-         ibut charter boat business out of Anchor            made the winning motion Saturday. He               ulate fisheries off Alaska by making recom-
mercial halibut fishermen and charter boat          Point on the Kenai Peninsula.                       defended his plan as fair to both fleets.          mendations to the U.S. commerce secretary.
operators who allow thousands of tourist and          The plan approved Saturday could lead to             Merrigan said commercial fishermen have            Some council decisions can take a couple of
residents to catch halibut with a rod and reel.     a lower halibut bag limit for charter boat          strict catch limits that float up or down with     years or more for regulations to take effect.
   The vote followed three days of public tes-      anglers — one halibut instead of two.               halibut abundance but the charter fleet faces

World War II submarine USS Grunion found off Aleutians
ASSOCIATED PRESS                                    in a news release last week.                        directed to return to Dutch Harbor Naval           helped pinpoint USS Grunion’s possible loca-
                                                      McAneny said the Navy was very grateful           Operating Base. The submarine was report-          tion.
   The Navy has confirmed the wreckage of           to the Abele family.                                ed lost Aug. 16, 1942.                                In August 2006, a team of side scan sonar
a sunken vessel found last year off Alaska’s          “We hope this announcement will help to             Japanese anti-submarine attack data              experts hired by the brothers located a target
Aleutians Islands is that of the USS Grunion,       give closure to the families of the 70 crew-        recorded no attack in the Aleutian area at the     near Kiska almost a mile below the ocean’s
which disappeared during World War II.              men of Grunion,” he said.                           time of the Grunion’s disappearance, so the        surface. A second expedition in August 2007
  Underwater video footage and pictures               The Grunion was last heard from July 30,          submarine’s fate remained an unsolved mys-         using a high definition camera on a remote-
captured by an expedition hired by sons of          1942. The submarine reported heavy anti-            tery for more than 60 years, the Navy said.        ly operated vehicle yielded video footage and
the commanding officer, Lt. Cmdr. Mannert           submarine activity at the entrance to Kiska,          Abele’s son’s, Bruce, Brad, and John, began      high resolution photos of the wreckage.
L. Abele, allowed the Navy to confirm the           and that it had 10 torpedoes remaining for-         working on a plan to find the sub after find-
discovery, Rear Adm. Douglas McAneny said           ward. On the same day, the Grunion was              ing information on the Internet in 2002 that

                                                                      AK AIRLINES
Page 6                                                                                                                                         October 9, 2008

Report shows jobs growth, loss moves with oil prices
Alaska lags behind Lower 48                         prices, which have doubled over the past two          While the support industry continues to          an economist with the Institute of Social and
                                                    years, and jumped five times since 2001.            grow much faster across the Lower 48, Alaska       Economic Research at the University of
in industry employees                                  “If we’re looking at $50 oil, I’m sure           outpaced the rest of the country in jobs           Alaska Anchorage.
                                                    employment would not have grown the way it          growth among oil producers through the first          “It’s unlikely that you would see a direct
Petroleum News                                      did,” Fried said. “Maybe it wouldn’t have           seven years of the decade.                         effect … Generally, it’s a second level effect to
                                                    grown at all, or grown very little.”                  Following those 15 years of steady employ-       market,” Berman said.
                                                       Something similar happened in the years          ment, the Prudhoe Bay work force jumped               During legislative hearings last year leading
   When North Slope oil production peaked           immediately following the peak of Alaska oil        50 percent between 2004 and last year, top-        to a revision of the state petroleum tax code,
20 years ago, around 8,500 people worked in         production in 1988.The first Gulf War pushed        ping 9,000 people.                                 those who argued against increasing taxes,
the Alaska oil industry. With production            prices up around the world, and by 1991, with         “It takes more people to get a barrel of oil     especially during a period of declining pro-
today down 70 percent from those highs, the         oil production down 10 percent, oil industry        out of the ground,” said Bill Popp, president      duction, claimed it would stunt jobs growth,
oil industry now employs around 12,600 peo-         employment in Alaska reached 10,700 jobs, a         and CEO of the Anchorage Economic                  or even lead to losses.
ple in Alaska, a record for the state.              milestone unsurpassed for 15 years.                 Development Corp. “The days of easy oil are           But the revisions also expanded the tax
   The difference? The price of oil today is           In 1998, with prices averaging around $19        behind us.”                                        credit program for exploration work.
five times higher than the price in 1988.           a barrel and production declines gaining                                                                  The upcoming drilling season, the first
   Over the past two decades, the growth and        momentum, oil companies started developing          Other factors play into jobs                       where recent tax changes would factor in to
contraction of oil industry employment in           a slate of new North Slope fields like Alpine,        Oil prices certainly aren’t the only factor in   company exploration decisions, is expected
Alaska has moved nearly in lockstep with            Tarn and Badami, leading to the first year of       jobs creation, of course.                          to be among the busiest in recent years. But
global oil prices, despite statewide produc-        major jobs growth since 1991.                         Following that record employment year in         even with recent volatility, prices remain
tion rates declining almost every year and a           But as oil prices fell 30 percent that year,     1991, a restructuring among several major oil      above $100 a barrel.
variety of tax and royalty systems.                 down to $13 per barrel, record jobs losses fol-     producers in the state led to 1,300 jobs being        Popp suggested Alaska might see jobs
   The jobs figures come from a new report by       lowed. Oil industry employment dropped              cut in Alaska, even though oil prices remained     growth during sustained high prices, and
the Alaska Department of Labor and                  below 8,000 for the first time since 1983.          unchanged. And as prices remained level over       could probably do little to stave off jobs cuts
Workforce Development that examines the                Prices and employment don’t always run           the ensuing six years, jobs cuts slowly brought    during sustained low prices, but that the fiscal
role the oil industry plays as an employer in       along parallel tracks, either.                      the industry work force back to 1988 levels.       system could become a pivotal force in jobs
Alaska, both compared to other industries in           Between 1994 and 1998, the oil industry in         And a major oil spill at Prudhoe Bay in          creation during periods of midrange prices.
the state and to other oil producing states         Alaska gradually lost jobs even as oil prices       2006 led BP to hire hundreds of workers to            Nevertheless, Popp believes it will take a
across the country, like Texas, Louisiana,          slightly rose, albeit remaining at or near his-     rebuild corroded pipelines, a project likely to    few more years to see how the recent tax
California and Wyoming.                             torical lows.                                       have moved forward without high prices.            changes will impact jobs creation.
   “We have record numbers of people in                                                                   During that same time, new technologies             “I think the jury’s still out on that,” Popp
Prudhoe Bay, and we’re producing a third as         Alaska lags behind Lower 48                         made it possible for companies to produce          said.
much oil,” said Neal Fried, the state labor            But while fluctuating oil prices often pre-      more oil from fewer wells and with fewer
economist who wrote the report. “I just find        dict jobs growth and loss, Alaska usually lags      people. Fried noted in his report that the oil     Growth depends on finds
that fascinating.”                                  behind other oil-producing states in jobs           industry is often ranked among the most pro-          Even with continued high prices, the state
   The report shows Alaska entering a phase         growth.                                             ductive industries in the country.                 Labor Department report suggests recent
where oil production is spread across more             Last year, Texas produced nearly twice as                                                           jobs growth might be temporary without
fields and producing oil from the old giants        much oil as Alaska, but employed nearly 17          Taxes still a wildcard                             “other major developments or discoveries.”
requires more workers than ever before. Also,       times as many people. Some of that can be              Although the report describes a situation          As Alaska matures as a basin, however,
while Alaska follows national employment            attributed to the oil company headquarters          where statewide jobs growth is often at the        independent companies and new players have
trends, it often lags behind the Lower 48.          based around Houston and Dallas, but                whim of global markets, it doesn’t address         already started exploring for relatively small-
   As an employer, the Alaska oil industry          California under-produced Alaska by 8 per-          how taxes, one of the few economic factors         er reservoirs passed over by larger companies.
makes big waves with small numbers.                 cent last year, but still employed 60 percent       the state can control, might impact the rela-         New oil production from the National
   The roughly 13,000 people employed by            more people within the industry.                    tionship between prices and employment.            Petroleum Reserve-Alaska and offshore
oil companies and the oil field support indus-         Unlike the mix of large and small oil fields        At least on the surface, changes to the state   prospects in the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas
try in Alaska make up only 4 percent of the         dotted across Texas and California, most of         fiscal system over the past 20 years appear to     and in Bristol Bay, along with a natural gas
statewide work force, but collect around 10         the oil produced in Alaska comes from just          have done little to alter the basic relationship   pipeline and associated gas production in the
percent of all wages earned in the state.           two fields: Prudhoe Bay and Kuparuk.                between prices and employment, though              future would further diversify the industry in
   Moreover, the oil industry accounts for near-       So while Alaska supplied 14.5 percent of the     whether the jobs growth could be greater or        Alaska.
ly 30 percent of the total gross state product.     total oil produced domestically last year, the      the losses could be less is open for debate.
                                                    state is home to just one-third of 1 percent of        Legislation in 1989 raising or maintaining
Prices have long driven jobs                        the total production sites in the country.This is   the tax rate on Prudhoe Bay, Kuparuk and
   Nationally, oil prices have long driven
employment, despite production rates.
                                                    probably why Alaska employed less than 3 per-
                                                    cent of the oil and gas work force in the coun-
                                                                                                        Endicott preceded several years of rising
                                                                                                        prices and jobs growth.
                                                                                                                                                           ‘Joe Six-pack,’ finds
   Take Wyoming, a major gas producing              try in 2007. Employment at Prudhoe Bay                 Meanwhile, jobs losses in 1987, 1992 and        representation by Palin
state with a long history of oil production.        remained fairly steady between 1990 and 2004,       1999 came not only during low-price peri-
   When employment fell to 6,250 in 1971,           despite a gradual decline in oil production.        ods, but also at times when regressive ele-
the state produced around 150 million bar-             Some of that is starting to change though.       ments in the prevailing tax code meant the
                                                                                                                                                           Spouse’s 401(k) took a hit,
rels of oil at an average price of $4 a barrel. A      The past three years have seen work to           state took a greater percentage of the well-       vice presidential nominee said
decade later, with prices closer to $35 a barrel,   bring Alpine satellites online, to develop pre-     head value of each barrel of oil.
employment peaked at 22,500, even though            viously uneconomic heavy and viscous oil               Because tax codes don’t change as fre-          ASSOCIATED PRESS
production dropped to 120 million barrels.          resources and to replace corroded pipelines         quently as markets, it can be hard to measure
   The recent spike in oil industry jobs in         at Prudhoe Bay, as well as unprecedented            the direct impact on jobs, especially in the          Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin portrayed herself
Alaska comes during an extended run up in           activity by independents and new players.           short term, according to Matthew Berman,           Tuesday as a champion of everyday people
                                                                                                                                                           while noting her family’s stock portfolio took
                                                                                                                                                           a $20,000 hit last week.
                                                                                                                                                              “It’s time that normal Joe Six-pack
                                                                                                                                                           American is finally represented in the posi-
                                                                                                                                                           tion of vice presidency,” the Republican vice
                                                                                                                                                           presidential candidate told radio talk show
                                                                                                                                                           host Hugh Hewitt.
                                                                                                                                                              Palin said if she and John McCain win,
                                                                                                                                                           they will “put government back on the side of
                                                                                                                                                           the people of Joe Six-pack like me.”
                                                                                                                                                              Palin said she and her husband, Todd, have
                                                                                                                                                           been affected by the economic downturn.
                                                                                                                                                              “I know what Americans are going
                                                                                                                                                           through,” she said a day after a record 778-

                                         OUNALASHKA                                                                                                        point plunge on Wall Street. “Todd and I,
                                                                                                                                                           heck, we’re going through that right now even
                                                                                                                                                           as we speak, which may put me, again, kind
                                                                                                                                                           of on the outs of those Washington elite who

                                             3X5                                                                                                           don’t like the idea of just an everyday, working-
                                                                                                                                                           class American running for such an office.”
                                                                                                                                                              Palin makes $125,000 yearly as governor,
                                                                                                                                                           and her husband makes about $90,000 a year
                                                                                                                                                           combined from his commercial fishing busi-
                                                                                                                                                           ness and his part-time job as a production
                                                                                                                                                           operator on the North Slope.
                                                                                                                                                              Palin said her husband’s 401(k) retirement
                                                                                                                                                           account lost probably $20,000 recently as the
                                                                                                                                                           market dropped.
                                                                                                                                                              According to the most recent state finan-
                                                                                                                                                           cial disclosure forms, filed March 10, 2008,
                                                                                                                                                           the Palins had about $164,699 in a private
                                                                                                                                                           investment account and $198,102 in a sepa-
                                                                                                                                                           rate retirement account.
October 9, 2008                                                                                                                                                     Page 7

Unalaska residents eat until they’re blue in the face
Blueberry bash brings in
about 150 delicious entries

   About 150 Unalaska bakers took advan-
tage of a bumper blueberry crop for the annu-
al Blueberry Bash on Sept. 28. They were
competing for top blueberry-baking honors,
but getting a taste of the results made every-
one a winner.
   The Blueberry Bash is an event that’s half
bake-off, half dessert potlatch, and is put on
every fall by Unalaska Pride, a community-
based, grassroots organization that encour-
ages civic pride in Unalaska.
   “We wanted to change the face of the com-
munity to reflect that it was people’s home, it
wasn’t just a work camp, and people cared about
the island,” said event organizer Annabelle
Wilt in explaining the origins of the Bash.

                                                                                                                                                                                         Courtesy photos/Wendy Hladick
 “If you couldn’t find a blueberry                                                                              Dejah and Jenna Wilson smile after winning their prize for blueberry crunch coffee cake in the
                                                                                                                Youth 12-and-under category. Top left: Vicki Peck holds the grand prize for her blueberry
  this year you weren’t looking.                                                                                cheesecake
   They were huge and big and
                                                                                                                fresh off the boat (or PenAir flight) ideally,     event for years.
           wonderful.”                                                                                          who have not yet formed blueberry biases.             “It’s a positive thing for the entire commu-
                                        —Vicki Peck                                                             Then there is the School District science          nity and I’m glad to be a part of it,” said Peck.
                                                                                                                teacher who carefully weighs and measures          “There were so many really nice desserts there
  Wilt said that at Unalaska Pride’s first                                                                      the circumferences of berries to determine         and I think it says a lot about a community
group meeting in 1998, members brain-                                                                           who gets the prize for the biggest blueberry.      when they can come together and bake some-
stormed ideas for activities that would bring                                                                      There were about 150 entrants in this year’s    thing that they know will be eaten by the
the community together and celebrate the                                                                        competition, about twice as many as last year.     hordes.”
nature and culture of the island. Someone                                                                       Wilt said that she believes that the big pool of      Wilt said that every year the Bash takes on
mentioned a blueberry themed bake-off “we                                                                       competitors came down to one critical factor       a life of its own, but although the structure can
grabbed it up and ran with it.” (Wilt said she                                                                  this year, the blueberries themselves.             be “loosy-goosy” it’s always a fun time to get
                                                                                      Courtesy photo/Jane Bye
couldn’t remember why other island berries –                                                                       Perhaps it was the snow cover over the win-     together and enjoy Unalaska bountiful berries.
such as salmonberries, moss berries, or cran-                                                                   ter, or the moist, cool spring, but whatever          “It’s a great fun family event,” said Wilt. “I
berries – were passed over for the honor).               Richard Bye’s blueberry s’mores were one of            the cause, “the blueberries were so bountiful      love the thought of people going up to the
  Blueberry Bash entries are organized into             the more unconventional blueberry treats                year, it was just a fantastic blueberry season     hills and picking the wild berries and going
10 categories. Some are the kind you’d expect           fierce), and “miscellaneous non-edible,” a cat-         this year,” said Wilt.                             home and creating something and entering it
in a baking contest – pies, jams and jellies,           egory that’s seen blue-berry tie-died t-shirts,            Two-time grand-prize winner Vicki Peck          and sharing with the community.”
breads and muffin and a category for youth              lip balm, play dough or blueberry jewelry.              agreed.
ages 12 and under.                                         To judge the competition, Wilt said                     “If you couldn’t find a blueberry this year        Victoria Barber can be reached at (907) 348-2424
  Other categories are more unconventional              Unalaska Pride tried to select the most impar-          you weren’t looking,” said Peck. “They were        or toll free at (800) 770-9830, ext. 424.
– best imitation blueberry, biggest blueberry           tial 18 people they can find on the island –            huge and big and wonderful.”
(the competition on that one, Wilt noted, is            generally that means newcomers – people                    Peck said that her winning recipe for blue-
                                                                                                                berry cheesecake was inspired by the abun-
                                                                                                                dance of two ingredients – blueberries of              Have an opinion?
                               Prize-winning plan                                                               course, and cream cheese.
                                                                                                                   Peck said her husband “came in from                    Submit your items to
  Want to try Vicki Peck’s grand-prize winning          filling, then pour the rest into the prepared crust.    Anchorage with a big thing of cream cheese,
  recipe for cheesecake with fresh blueberry top-
  ping? The cheesecake should be made a day
  ahead and left to cool overnight in the refrigera-
  tor. The toppings can be made ahead or on the
                                                        4. Roll one cup of blueberries in flour, then sprin-
                                                        kle on top of the batter and lightly push down
                                                        with the back of a spatula. Top with enough filling
                                                        to cover. This will create a blue “ribbon” when
                                                                                                                and you don’t use three pounds of cream
                                                                                                                cheese lightly,” said Peck.
                                                                                                                   Peck said her husband picked her all the
                                                                                                                                                                    Fisherman                  The Dutch Harbor

  day of serving if given enough time to cool com-
                                                        the cake is sliced.
                                                        5. Bake the cake for 1 hour, 15 minutes at 325
                                                                                                                blueberries for her recipe, which calls for well
                                                                                                                over a gallon to make a fresh blueberry top-             (800) 770-9830
                                                        degrees with an oven-proof dish of water in the         ping for one cheesecake.                    
  UNALASKA BLUEBERRY CHEESECAKE                         oven to keep it moist and prevent cracks. The              Peck said that she’s participated in the
  Crust:                                                cake is done when it set enough so that when
  2 cups crushed plain vanilla wafers                   you jiggle the pan the entire cake jiggles as a
  1/3 cup melted butter                                 whole (not just the middle). Turn off the heat and
  2 tablespoons sugar                                   let the cake sit inside the cooling oven, then cool
                                                        it further by keeping it in the refrigerator
  Filling:                                              overnight.
  2 ¾ lbs cream cheese at room temperature              6. Make the topping: Cook down about 1 gallon
  2 cups sugar                                          of cleaned blueberries, starting at low heat and
  1 tablespoon vanilla                                  then increasing temperature as the juices are
  1 tablespoon cornstarch                               released. Cook about 15 minutes or until all the
  1/3 cup whipping cream                                berries have popped, then mash with a potato
  4 eggs                                                masher.
  1 cup blueberries                                     7. Strain the berries twice using a cheesecloth, a

  Fresh blueberry topping:
  1 gallon plus 2 cups fresh blueberries
                                                        berry bag, sieve or other strainer, using a cours-
                                                        er strainer the first time and a finer one the sec-
                                                        8. Mix 2 cups of the strained blueberry juice with
                                                                                                                         NORTON SOUND
  5 tablespoons of cornstarch
  3/4 cup sugar

  Cream cheese frosting:
                                                        cornstarch and sugar, and cook until it becomes
                                                        thick and unclouded. Let the mixture cool com-
                                                        9. Gently fold in about 2 cups of fresh blueber-
                                                                                                                         ECON DEV CORP
  4 ounces cream cheese
  ½ cup of sugar
  1 teaspoon vanilla
  2 cups whipping cream
                                                        ries. This should result in a topping that stiff
                                                        enough to stand on its own.
                                                        10. Carefully remove the cooled cheesecake from
                                                        the spring form pan and set on the serving dish.
                                                        Make a cream cheese frosting by mixing 4
  1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees.                       ounces cream cheese with one half cup of sugar
  2. Make the crust: mix crushed vanilla wafers         and a teaspoon vanilla. In a separate dish, whip 2
  with melted butter and sugar. Push the mixture        cups whipping cream, and then add the cream
  into the bottom and up the sides of a spring form     cheese and sugar mixture. Put the frosting in a
  pan. Bake crust at 350 degrees for ten minutes.       pastry bag and pipe around the edge of the cake
  3. Make the filling: In a large bowl, mix together    (this will help prevent the blueberry topping from
  the cream cheese, whipping cream, sugar, vanil-       spilling over the sides of the cake).
  la and cornstarch until creamy. Beat in eggs one      11. Fill in the top of the cake with the blueberry
  at a time. Set aside about 1 and a half cups of the   topping, and spread out to the whipped cream
Page 8                                                                                                                                       October 9, 2008

                                                                                                                                                                             Photo courtesy Michelle Ridgway
                                                                                                      Alexay Lestenkov closely examines crustaceans he collected from kelp windrows on St. George

                                                                       Photo courtesy Kristi Morgan
Sarah Morgan, a Pribilof Marine Science Camp student, examines kelp tissue.

                                                                                                                                                                                            Courtesy Photo
                                                                                                      St. George Island School students sorting and pressing marine algae from their “Seaweed Safari.

                                                                                                                                                         the St. George Island kelp population is in
                                                                                                      Kelp …                                             fact a new and separate species.
                                                                                                                                                            Local school students, Ridgway and Pribilof
                                                                                                                                                         islanders have identified three small, nearshore
                                                                                                      From Page 1                                        patches of the kelp. They will continue map-
                                                                                                                                                         ping the distribution of the mini-V kelp, as well
                                                                                                                                                         as initiate in situ and laboratory studies on its
                                                                                                      hydrophone cable and the catchment end of          growth, development and survival strategies.
                                                                                                      a plankton net slipped away into the depths of        “This species is a ‘missing link’ in kelp evo-

                   MICROPLAY                                                                          Zapadni Bay. When science camp director
                                                                                                      Michelle Ridgway went diving to retrieve the
                                                                                                      equipment, she swam into a bed of unusual
                                                                                                                                                         lution in the North Pacific,” said Kawai. “Its
                                                                                                                                                         means of survival, ability to adjust to climate
                                                                                                                                                         change and reproductive processes remain a

                                                                                                      kelps.                                             mystery.”
                                                                                                         “I knew it the moment I saw it,” Ridgway           Kawai and Ridgway hope to collect fertile
                                                                                                      said.                                              specimens in order to attempt to culture this
                                                                                                         Colleagues at the 2008 NPRB Marine              rare species. To date, no reproductive tissue
                                                                                                      Science Symposium had announced the find-          has been found at the Kagomil site, therefore
                                                                                                      ing of a new kelp species and genus at             future studies and possibly preservation of
                                                                                                      Kagomil Island just months before. Scientists      the species may rely on lab culture in Japan or
                                                                                                      had reported beds of the new kelp were found       here in Alaska.
                                                                                                      only around one single island in the Aleutian         Meanwhile, eager student scientists have
                                                                                                      Islands, possibly due to volcanic activity caus-   continued collecting information on seawater
                                                                                                      ing unique growing conditions for the species.     conditions where it grows, surveyed beaches
                                                                                                         Researchers assigned the common name            on St. Paul and St. George islands for signs of
                                                                                                      “golden V kelp” to the large new kelp species.     the rare algae, and will prepare for more in-
                                                                                                      Specimens collected by Ridgway, students           depth exploration of the seas around their
                                                                                                      and volunteers with the St. George Island          Bering Sea island home next spring.
                                                                                                      Science Institute were much smaller than              The Pribilof Island Marine Science Camp
                                                                                                      those described from the Aleutian popula-          was led by Oceanus Alaska and supported
                                                                                                      tion. Locals now refer to it as the “St. George    through generous donations provided by the
                                                                                                      Island mini-V kelp,” or simply “mini-V.”           Pribilof School District, Traditional Council
                                                                                                         Recognizing that the basic structure was        of St. George, St. George Island Institute,
                                                                                                      similar to the new algae, and like nothing she     Society of Naval Architects and Marine
                                                                                                      had encountered in 22 years diving in Bering       Engineers,        SeaPerch       Organization,
                                                                                                      Sea kelp beds, Ridgway immediately pre-            Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
                                                                                                      served and shipped tissues to the molecular        University of Alaska SeaGrant, Central
                                                                                                      geneticist who named Aureophycus, Dr.              Bering Sea Fishermen’s Association, Aleutian
                                                                                                      Hitoshi Kawai at Kobe University in Japan.         Pribilof Island Community Development
                                                                                                         On Aug. 26, his lab reported results from       Association, U.S. Coast Guard R/V Healy,
                                                                                                      examining the St. George Island kelp tissue        North Pacific Research Board Bering Sea
                                                                                                      showed that both the microscopic cell struc-       Integrated Ecosystem Research Program
                                                                                                      ture investigations and preliminary molecular      research expedition III 2008, National
                                                                                                      analysis of the rbcL sequence exhibited a          Marine Fisheries Service, U.S. Fish and
                                                                                                      “perfect match” for the new genus. Further         Wildlife Service, Springboard STEM
                                                                                                      analysis is necessary to determine whether         Program and Tanaq Corp.
October 9, 2008                                                                                                                                       Page 9

                                                   between wild and hatchery-produced juve-          on the “Deadliest Catch.” A variety of cir-       crab industry and coastal communities, fed-
Crab …                                             niles; and
                                                      • Dietary requirements of larvae and juve-
                                                                                                     cumstances delayed this activity last season
                                                                                                     to the point where the crab had to be taken
                                                                                                                                                       eral and state grants, and support from Sea
                                                                                                                                                       Grant, SFOS and NMFS.
From Page 1                                        nile king crab.                                   through the ice offshore of Little Diomede
                                                        AKCRRAB also plans to conduct habi-          Island by local subsistence harvesters with       All three authors are members of the AKCRRAB
                                                   tat studies around the Pribilofs and Kodiak to    assistance by Nome Alaska Sea Grant marine        steering committee and were involved in the
Alaska’s king crab stocks. The project is determine the location of preferred habitats               advisory program agent Heidi Herter. Just         founding of the program.
focusing its research on eventually rehabili- in the two regions, continue with genetic              keeping the catch alive for the helicopter ride
tating stocks of Kodiak red king crab and research and gather other information that                 back to Nome was quite a challenge.
Pribilof Islands blue king crab, but the tech- should significantly improve the tools avail-         Funding for the project has come from a vari-
nology and research also can be used to help able to resource agencies to effectively man-           ety of sources, including contributions by the
restore king crab populations in Kachemak age the king crab resources of Alaska.
Bay, Southeast Alaska or anywhere else in the         The project is developing understanding of
state.                                             hatchery-based crab culture to produce
     The hatchery’s production biologists were enough healthy juvenile crab for a rehabilita-
very successful in spawning both stocks tion and enhancement program by 2011.
of crab this year, producing 40,000 juveniles Much work needs to be accomplished over
or 10 percent of the hatched larvae, compared the next three years, and some research will
to only 1 per cent in 2007. The hatchery continue beyond that point. In addition to
team’s goal for 2009 is to improve overall sur- supporting the rehabilitation goal, the
vival rates through the larval stages to more research thrust of the project will substan-
than 50 percent.                                                              tially increase the

successful hatchery I On the Web:
   For comparison, a                                                          body of knowledge
                                                                              available to state
program              for For more information about the Alaska                and         federal
Chesapeake Bay blue King Crab Research, Rehabilitation and                    resource managers
crab produced 5 per- Biology Program, visit the Web site at:                  regarding the early
cent survival to the                                                          life stages of king
juvenile stage in its crab.
first few years.           ives/king_crab/general/                               The best science
     At the same time,                                                        in the world by
project scientists are engaged in several pro- itself will not be enough to make the stocking
jects that will increase the information avail- of juvenile king crab a reality. That is a deci-
able to state and federal researchers and the sion that can be made only after the agen-
resource agencies that manage Alaska’s cies, king crab industry and coastal commu-
important king crab stocks. These include: nities closely examine the costs and benefits
• Studies of predation of juvenile crab by a of a rehabilitation program. AKCRRAB will
host of predators, such as rock sole and Pacific analyze the economic feasibility of rehabili-
cod;                                               tation programs as production costs become
• Experiments with tagging, a challenge with known and critical issues such as tagging or
crustaceans that continually shed their shells; marking hatchery juveniles are resolved.
• Identification of substrate preferences of          The success of producing juvenile crab is
both crab larvae and juvenile crab; the highlight of recent AKCRRAB activi-
• a cataloging of the genetic makeup of wild ties, but the harvesting of this year’s egg-bear-
king crab stocks throughout the state; ing female blue king crab from wild stocks
• Studies that examine the interaction might be the activity most worthy of a spot

Campaign tries to explain
Palin’s Putin comment                                                                                   HS-STATEMENT OF
Russian military incursions
non-existent in recent years
                                                  increased Russian bomber exercises — about
                                                  20 incidents in the last two years. When
                                                  Russian bombers enter that expanded area,
                                                  sometimes called the outer air defense iden-
  Gov. Sarah Palin cites vigilance against
Russian warplanes coming into U.S. airspace
over Alaska as one of her foreign policy cre-
                                                  tification zone by the military, U.S. or
                                                  Canadian fighter jets are dispatched to check
                                                  them, Herritage said.
                                                     Asked about Herritage’s statement, Palin’s
dentials. But the U.S. military command in        foreign policy adviser, Steve Biegun, insisted
charge says that hasn’t happened in her 21        the candidate’s position was correct. Russia’s
months in office.                                 “old behaviors” of aggressively flying into U.S.
  “When you consider even national securi-        airspace have been exhibited recently, he said.
ty issues with Russia, as (Prime Minister            “Gov. Palin told me that when Russian air-
Vladimir) Putin rears his head and comes          craft buzz American airspace and U.S. aircraft
into the airspace of the United States of         are mobilized at Elmendorf Air Force Base,
America, where — where do they go? It’s           she is informed by her National Guard com-
Alaska,” the Republican vice presidential         mander,” said Biegun, who did not offer any
nominee said in an interview with CBS             additional explanation for the contradiction.
News’ Katie Couric.                                  “The point she was making is that the geo-
  The spokeswoman for the McCain-Palin            graphical location of Alaska has unique
campaign, Maria Comella, clarified in an e-       attributes. This doesn’t happen to many states
mail to The Associated Press that when            in the union,” Biegun said. “Her point was
“Russian incursions near Alaskan airspace         that she’s pretty up close to some of the big
and inside the air defense identification zone    issues of international affairs.”
have occurred ... U.S. Air Force fighters have       Herritage said Air Force officials discussed
been scrambled repeatedly.”                       with Palin instances of Russian planes enter-
  The air defense identification zone, almost     ing the buffer zone and the U.S. response
completely over water, extends 12 miles past      during their annual statehouse briefing in
the perimeter of the United States. Most          February.
nations have similar areas.                          It could not immediately be determined
  However, no Russian military planes have        how many times Palin had been notified in
been flying even into that zone, said Maj.        real time of Russian planes having entered
Allen Herritage, a spokesman for the Alaska       the buffer zone. Maj. Gen. Craig E.
region of the North American Aerospace            Campbell, the adjutant general of the Alaska
Defense Command, at Elmendorf Air Force           National Guard, did not immediately return
Base.                                             calls and e-mails.
  “To be very clear, there has not been any
incursion in U.S. airspace in recent years,”                   Get Results.
Herritage said.
  What Palin might have been referring to
was a buffer zone of airspace that extends               Advertise weekly in
beyond the 12-mile strip. Although not rec-
                                                                    The Dutch Harbor
ognized internationally as America’s to pro-
tect, the military watches it.
  That zone is where there have been
Page 10                                                                                              October 9, 2008

                                                                                                                 face and dropped two BIG ones in the bot-
                                                               Cutthroats …                                      tom of the boat.”
                                                                                                                    “‘That enough?’” he asked. “We assured
                                                               From Page 1                                       him it was. I’d never seen anything like it.”
                                                                                                                    But he’d see a lot more like it, as the men
                                                                                                                 spent years building their own boats and
                                                                  The unit was the brainchild of Col.            dogsleds, hunting and fishing to feed them-
                                                               Lawrence V. Castner.                              selves, and getting on and off islands where
                                                                  “Most people don’t realize that Castner was    Japanese soldiers might be waiting.
                                                               physically crippled,” says Earl Acuff, now a         “The Army had us build a dogsled for
                                                               retired brigadier general who served in Korea     freighting,” says Buck. “They needed guys
                                                               and Vietnam after his Alaska Scout days.          who knew how to tie rawhide. We made the
                                                               “But he knew the kind of men it would take        sleds out of birch, because they would be
                                                               to get the job done out there.”                   durable and light. Then they took our model
                                                                  Acuff said Castner wanted men who knew         to a factory in the Midwest and made 10
                                                               the terrain, had unusual skills and were          copies out of hickory.” He shook his head. “It
                                                               stealthy.                                         was nice and strong wood, but too brittle in
                                                                  At the beginning of the war, Acuff was sent    cold weather.”
                                                               out to a remote Aleutian island to be a look-        “I think we learned more from them than
                                                               out for enemy activity. After sending regular     they did from us because they had all this
                                                               radio reports for a while, the Army told Acuff    experience in Alaska,” said Acuff, 90, a regu-
                                                               to go silent, but then forgot that order and      lar Army officer who had been stationed in
                                                               began to worry that something had happened        Montana and Idaho before coming to Alaska.
                                                               to him.                                           “The scouts were all very talented outdoors-
                                                                  “So we go out there to find him – recover      men. They could live and operate anywhere.”
                                                               his body is what we’re really thinking,” says        Much of the Scouts work involved
                                                               Walker. “And as we approach the shore, this       airstrips: Looking for the enemy’s, of course,
                                                               guy comes running down this huge moun-            but also finding suitable sites for planes to
                                                               tain like it was nothing. By the time he got to   use on islands near those occupied or threat-
                                                               us, he wasn’t ever breathing heavy.”              ened by the Japanese.
                                                                  So much for the “deceased” Acuff, who             Buck said his best memories involved res-
                                                               promptly hauled the group’s gear over the         cue work.
                                                               mountain to their quarters. Walker watched           “I remember when a B-17 bomber crashed
                                                               in amazement the next day as Acuff collect-       out there with six crew members - 29 miles
                                                               ed a crab dinner for his guests.                  from Cold Bay. I led the party to find them.
                                                                  “I asked where his crab traps were and he      They’d been out five days, and the leader said
                                                               looked at me like I was crazy,” Walker said.      they wouldn’t have survived another night.
                                                               “He just stripped off and dived out of the           “There was a wounded man with a head
                                              Courtesy photo
                                                               boat. We watched him on the bottom, pick-         cut – he wouldn’t allow any anesthesia. So the
                                                               ing up crabs, setting them aside, picking up      medics applied alcohol and gave him six
William “Billy” Buck in wartime.
                                                               others. Then he came shooting up to the sur-      stitches in his head.
                                                                                                                    “Then we had to repair the plane to fly it
                                                                                                                 out of there by stretching tarps over the wing,
                                                                                                                 which was in tatters,” he said. “I don’t know
                                                                                                                 how it worked, but it did.”
                                                                                                                    But Buck also remembers some good
                                                                                                                 times, from the camaraderie of the Scouts to
                                                                                                                 a visit by film star Olivia de Haviland, whom
                                                                                                                 he personally escorted.
                                                                                                                    The Scouts sometimes engaged the
                                                                                                                 Japanese, especially when the island of Attu
                                                                                                                 was re-taken. One Scout died in that cam-
                                                                                                                 paign, which claimed 550 American and
                                                                                                                 2,350 Japanese soldiers’ lives.
                                                                                                                    Walker remembers being in the first rubber
                                                                                                                 boat that landed on the second major island
                                                                                                                 held by the Japanese: Kiska. “But they had all
                                                                                                                 gone by the time we landed,” he said.
                                                                                                                    Later, the men returned to Fort Richardson
                                                                                                                 and helped survey western Alaska – “we were
                                                                                                                 loaned to the Navy for that,” said Buck. The
                                                                                                                 unit was deactivated in 1946.
                                                                                                                    Buck, now 87, and his two 90-year-old col-
                                                                                                                 leagues were awarded medals for their ser-
                                                                                                                 vice at the museum event. Buck now lives in
                                                                                                                 Glennallen; Walker came from Palmer and
                                                                                                                 Acuff from Virginia.
                                                                                                                    Col. Suellyn Novak, retired U.S. Air Force

                                   ACE AIR CARGO                                                                 colonel and president of the Alaska Veterans
                                                                                                                 Memorial Museum, said the project to doc-
                                                                                                                 ument the Scouts and their work started with
                                                                                                                 an oral history by Buck Delkette, a fourth

                                        3X9                                                                      Scout who died recently and who was hon-
                                                                                                                 ored posthumously with a service medal.
                                                                                                                    Novak told the crowd that the Alaska
                                                                                                                 Veterans Memorial Museum, which has been
                                                                                                                 seeking a site and funding, might open as ear-
                                                                                                                 ly as 2011 in partnership with a National
                                                                                                                 Guard Museum at Kulis Air Force Base in
                                                                                                                 Anchorage, which is scheduled to be closed.
                                                                                                                    The Battle of the Aleutian Islands effec-
                                                                                                                 tively ended in May 1943, when American
                                                                                                                 forces defeated the Japanese at Attu Island
                                                                                                                 at the cost of about 550 American and 2,350
                                                                                                                 Japanese lives. The Army also stormed Kiska
                                                                                                                 Island in August that year, but by that time
                                                                                                                 the Japanese had already abandoned it.
                                                                                                                 Walker said he was in the lead boat for that
                                                                                                                 assault, the last major operation for the
                                                                                                                    They returned to Fort Richardson and
                                                                                                                 helped survey western Alaska until the unit
                                                                                                                 was deactivated in 1946.

                                                                                                                   Mike Peters can be reached at
                                                                                                        or at (907) 348-
                                                                                                                 2433 or (800) 770-9830, ex. 433.
October 9, 2008                                                                                                                                          Page 11

Recycling machine gives old oil new life
Invention can save villages
thousands of dollars a year
Alaska Newspapers

    A program that has removed mountains
of junk from hard-to-reach villages will
expand next summer when it helps villages
along the Yukon River turn used engine oil
into valuable heating fuel.
    With heating fuel costing more than $6 a
gallon in much of rural Alaska, the recycling
effort will be a bonus for villages that have
stockpiled hundreds of gallons of old oil over
the years.
    The nonprofit Yukon River Intertribal
Watershed Council launched the effort in
Nenana last year, said Jon Waterhouse, coun-
cil director. It used $70,000 in mostly feder-
al grants to buy a little-known machine called
a WOTEC – short for Waste Oil To Energy
    By blending used oil with a big batch of
heating fuel and cleaning the mixture, the
big, boxy machine allowed the village of 550
near Fairbanks to create more heating fuel to
warm the clinic, said Edna Hancock, tribal
     The machine saved the village around
$2,000, but could have saved twice that if the                                                                                                                               Alex DeMarban/Alaska Newspapers
tribal government had more manpower, she           This crew helped get junk out of Alakanuk through a program organized by the Yukon River Intertribal Watershed Council. Crowley Maritime Corp.
said. There’s a lot more old oil to process and    hauls the junk for a small fee to Nenana, where the watershed council picks it up to distribute it to recycling companies. From left are Flora Phillip,
generators in town keep making more.               tribal environmental director, Jessica Tyson, environmental assistant, and Gary Murphy, a temporary employee.
    The savings may not sound like much, but
they can help small villages that rely on grants   housing to protect it from the weather.             for many villages. Tug operators like Crowley          As for recycling fuel next year, she said
to leverage more state and federal support,           The result is a $35,000 portable unit the        and Northland Services began charging 10            people have been bringing 55-gallon drums
she said.                                          size of an entertainment center that fits in        cents a pound this year to cover increasing         and buckets full of oil to a container van in
    “It shows we’re being prudent and trying       small airplanes. The watershed council plans        fuel costs, said Waterhouse.                        the village. It will be good to put the oil to use
to clean up the environment around us and          to fly it to several villages next year,                Still, that’s far below the standard ship-      so it doesn’t sit in the village for years, she
utilizing our funding in a better way,”            Waterhouse said.                                    ping cost and nothing compared to the cost of       said.
Hancock said.                                         The WOTEC machines were invented in              leaving the junk in the village, said Phillip,
    The oil recycling falls under the council’s    1996 after East Coast farmers sought a way          the tribe’s environmental director.                     Alex DeMarban can be reached at 907-348-2444
backhaul program to clean the Yukon River          to re-use old oil, said Otto Jacobi, one of the         “Our village looks a lot healthier, clean-      or 800-770-9830, ext. 444.
watershed by helping villages remove rusting       inventors.                                          er,” she said.
four-wheeler frames, beat-up trucks, old              Less than 100 have been sold around the
freezers and any other rubbish that can’t be       world, with many of the sales in Alaska, said
burned away.                                       Jacobi, who owns OS Environmental in
    The junk has sat in villages for decades       Roanoke, Va.
because transportation costs are so high. The         They’re often used by mining operations
council worried that battery acid, old oil,        or at power plants with large generators that
Freon and other waste would leak onto the          use a lot of oil, including at Eareckson Air
tundra and pollute the salmon-rich river,          Station on Shemya Island in the Aleutians,
Waterhouse said.                                   he said.
    To remove the junk, the council in 2004           The new, portable WOTEC will help
lined up shipping firms to haul it out for free.   Alakanuk, a village of 681 near the mouth of
With the council’s help, the trash ends up at      the Yukon River, said Flora Phillip, environ-
recycling companies in Anchorage, Fairbanks        mental coordinator for the tribal government.
and Seattle.                                          Last month, she and other tribal workers
    Getting oil out of the villages was anoth-     carted junk to the river bank along their vil-
er matter. Freight companies charge high           lage. They planned to get rid of dozens of
prices to move it because it’s hazardous,          snowmachine cowlings, scores of tires and
Waterhouse said.                                   rusty vehicles, plus freezers, fuel barrels and
    That’s why the council installed the           bicycle frames.
WOTEC machine in Nenana. After it                     Phillip figured the scraps – which includ-
worked so well there, the council bought a         ed a red Sno Cat and a battered police truck
smaller version and paid the distributor in        – amounted to some 70,000 pounds.
Alaska, Jon Ward, to create stainless steel

Alaska’s Russian neighbors protest
                                                      The backhaul program is no longer free
                                                                                                                          HS-AFN SUB
U.S. oil plans                                                                                                               2X7.5
FISHERMAN STAFF                                    munity and greens to suspend the develop-
                                                   ment of hydrocarbons in the area until eco-
                                                   logically safe ways of transporting them from
  Natives of the Russian Arctic living near        the Chukotka Sea shelf are found.
Alaska fear U.S. intentions to resume devel-          On Sept. 16, the U.S. House of
oping oil and gas resources on Chukotka Sea        Representatives approved a bill permitting oil
shelf may lead to an ecological catastrophe,       and gas development on the U.S. sea shelf
reports Russia’s RIA Novosti news agency.          except for the Gulf of Mexico area. It also
  According to the report, representatives of      recommended that President Bush imple-
Natives in Russia’s far eastern Chukotka           ment the construction of a pipeline to trans-
Peninsula have called on the American peo-         port gas from the Alaska coast as soon as pos-
ple, Arctic countries, the international com-      sible.

                              See all the news online at
Page 12                                                                                                                                    October 9, 2008

Senate passes legislation changing wages to locality pay
Alaska, Hawaii federal workers                       “Under the old version of the COLA sys-
                                                  tem, Alaska retirees simply weren’t getting the
                                                                                                     employee’s base pay for retirement purposes.
                                                                                                     Locality pay, on the other hand, is taxable
                                                                                                                                                        program to ensure that they may participate
                                                                                                                                                        in the new system.
helped by Stevens-Akaka bill                      same deal as those in the Lower 48,” Stevens       income and is part of an employee’s base pay.         The bill also includes language to assist
                                                  said. “Alaskan federal employees nearing           This means employees in Alaska are retiring        postal employees, who are not eligible to
                                                  retirement absolutely should not have to relo-     at much lower pay rates than their counter-        receive locality pay in the Lower 48, in retain-
ALASKA NEWSPAPERS STAFF                           cate in order to guarantee a better retirement.    parts in the Lower 48.                             ing their cost of living allowances benefits in                       With these changes, Alaska won’t be losing            The U.S. Office of Personnel Management         Alaska and Hawaii. While postal employees
                                                  those highly skilled, seasoned employees.”         has been seeking to slowly phase out the cost      will remain under the cost of living
    Retirement benefits are looking better for       “Alaska’s federal employees have told us        of living allowances system in favor of the        allowances system rather than locality pay,
Alaska’s federal employees after a recent         loud and clear that they want to receive local-    locality pay system. The Stevens-Akaka leg-        the 25 percent cap on cost of living
Senate vote.                                      ity pay which counts toward retirement, like       islation will speed up the process. The result     allowances will no longer apply. The cost of
   The Senate, on Oct. 1, unanimously             federal employees in other high cost parts of      will be that the new system will be fully imple-   living allowances rate will follow the locality
approved legislation sponsored by Sens. Ted       the country, instead of their present tax-free     mented in three years rather than the seven        pay rate, which is expected to be 27.65 per-
Stevens, R-Alaska, and Daniel Akaka, D-           cost of living allowance,” said Sen.               suggested by personnel management office.          cent or higher in Alaska.
Hawaii, to replace Alaska and Hawaii feder-       Murkowski. “It is important that we imple-            The legislation is intended to benefit all          “No Alaskan should have to worry about
al employee cost of living allowances with the    ment this change now.”                             federal employee groups whose Lower 48             their retirement, and that is even more impor-
locality pay system that has long been in place      Alaska and Hawaii are the only states in        counterparts currently receive locality pay.       tant with the current financial crisis,” Stevens
in the Lower 48. The legislation was co-          which federal employees do not receive local-      Employees who will soon be forced to retire        said. “It is vital to guarantee Alaskan federal
sponsored by Sens. Lisa Murkowski, R-             ity pay. Because cost of living allowances is      because of age and those intending to retire       employees the locality pay that they deserve.”
Alaska, and Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii.              not taxed, it is not considered part of an         within three years will be able to buy into the

                                                  7 Palin aides to testify in abuse-of-power probe
      COMMUNITY                                   Investigator to release                            began questioning him about getting rid of a          Palin says the legislative inquiry has
       CALENDAR                                   results of work Friday                             state trooper who had gone through a nasty
                                                                                                     divorce with her sister.
                                                                                                                                                        become too political and she believes that
                                                                                                                                                        only the state’s personnel board should inves-
       The Dutch Harbor Fisherman
                                                                                                        Monegan says he was dismissed because           tigate the firing. Todd Palin has agreed to
          welcomes the opportunity                                                                   he wouldn’t fire the governor’s former broth-      speak with investigators for that panel but
         to publish information about             ASSOCIATED PRESS                                   er-in-law, but Palin contends he was dis-          not for the legislative inquiry.
           your community events.                                                                    missed for insubordination. McCain opera-             The governor has the authority to fire the
     Contact The Dutch Harbor Fisherman              Seven aides to Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin          tives called Monegan a “rogue” who                 members of the personnel board.
      news editor about seminars, club            have reversed course and agreed to testify in      repeatedly tried to work outside normal chan-         Alaska’s Supreme Court, meanwhile, is
       meetings, entertainment events,            an investigation into whether the Republican       nels for requesting money.                         considering whether to block the findings of
       workshops and public meetings.             vice presidential nominee abused her powers           Lawmakers subpoenaed seven state                the legislative inquiry. The high court sched-
                fisherman@                        by firing a commissioner who refused to dis-       employees to testify in the inquiry but they       uled arguments for Oct. 8 over whether the
                    miss her former brother-in-law.                    challenged those subpoenas. After a judge          case is being manipulated to hurt Palin before
         (800) 770-9830 ext. 424                     There is no indication, however, that Palin     rejected that challenge last week, the employ-     Election Day on Nov. 4.
             (907) 348-2424                       or her husband will now agree to testify in        ees decided to testify, Alaska Attorney               The decision by the state employees to tes-
           Fax (907) 272-9512                     the legislative inquiry, which has dogged her      General Talis Colberg said.                        tify will not affect that appeal, said Kevin
                                                  for the past several months and could hurt            Democratic state Sen. Hollis French, who        Clarkson, a lawyer for five Republican law-
        Listings for the community calendar       John McCain in the final weeks of the pres-        is managing the investigation, said that, fol-     makers who brought that challenge.
      are free. The deadline for submission is    idential race.                                     lowing the court ruling, he again asked Palin         The independent investigator conducting
                 Thursdays at 5 p.m.
     the week prior to the newspaper’s weekly        Palin, a first-term governor, is the focus of   and her husband, Todd, whether they                the probe plans to turn over his conclusions
                   publication date.              a legislative investigation into her firing of     planned to testify.                                on the case by Oct. 10 to the Legislative
            ALASKA NEWSPAPERS INC.                Public Safety Commissioner Walt Monegan               “We’ve had no response,” French said            Council, the body that authorized it.
 301 CALISTA CT., SUITE B • ANCHORAGE, AK 99518   a year after she, her husband and key advisers     Sunday.
October 9, 2008                                                                                                                                          Page 13

Enrollment numbers passing at charter school
Closure is called unlikely                              I On the Web:
as critical count goes on                               For more information about the
                                                        Alaska Native Cultural Charter
MATT NEVALA                                             School, visit

   The number of children attending the               witnessed a steady stream of families enrolling
Alaska Native Cultural Charter School in              students after they moved to Anchorage from
Anchorage appeared robust last week so as to          rural Alaska in August and September. School
allow students and staff to concentrate on            district and city officials recently announced
more pressing matters — things like preparing         an influx of 400 new Native students have
reindeer and buffalo hides to make drums and          arrived in Anchorage since the year started.
making sure every last berry collected during            It is believed many of the families made
a recent harvesting trip is put to good use.          the move because of higher living costs in
   The Native charter school, the first of its        rural Alaska, especially energy costs. Godfrey
kind in the Anchorage School District, opened         said he couldn’t speak specifically about the
its critical enrollment period Sept. 29 with 156      status of those 400 new Native students.
students and ended the first week of the four-
week period Oct. 3 with 158 students.
   “We’re growing and growing,” said princi-          “We have to move on and not sit
pal Tim Godfrey.
   The school, which teaches academics with             here and think about (the
a touch of Alaska Native culture, must average            enrollment numbers).”
151 students during the state’s official count-                                 — Tim Godfrey, principal
ing period to remain eligible for state and local
funding. With only 150 students, the school is
eligible for $600,000. With 151 or more stu-             “We are taking in students coming in from
dents, it’s eligible for $1.2 million. School         the villages, our doors are definitely open,”
capacity would be capped at 200 students.             Godfrey said. “I’m under the impression some
   Enrollment numbers at the Native charter           of the families are moving (to Anchorage) not
school fell below expectations when school            because they want to, but out of necessity.”
opened with 133 students in August, and the              Godfrey said the school will soon offer bus
Anchorage School District had hinted the              service to some of the students who have dif-
school may have to close. But that plan didn’t        ficulty getting to the northeast Anchorage
seem likely as the calendar turned to October.        location. The school is expected to move into
   “We’re marking those days off as they come,”       a nearby permanent location after the winter
Godfrey said of the enrollment counting peri-         holiday break in early 2009.
od. “We have to move on and not sit here and
think about (the enrollment numbers).”                  Matt Nevala can be reached at 907-348-2480 or                                                                        Roy Corral/Alaska Newspapers Inc.
   The Native charter school – open to all stu-       800-770-9830, ext. 480. The Anchorage Daily News     Alaska Native Cultural Charter School kindergarten teacher Veronica Kaganak uses teaching
dents in grades kindergarten through sixth –          contributed to this report.                          methods based in Native ways of instruction and learning.

Advocacy group assails care of Alaska Guard
Report paints problems,                               zations such as Veterans Affairs to ensure the benefits for Alaska National Guard members
                                                      highest level of services and care are provided.” have also increased under her leadership.
but state officials disagree                             The report features an introduction, an            With the backing of Palin, federal law
                                                      overall list of problems and proposals for changes have also increased benefits to soldiers.
MATT NEVALA                                           assisting the Alaska National Guard.               Alaska is one of five states that provide veterans                             VFA said the greatest challenge facing the with home loans from the proceeds of issuing
                                                      Alaska National Guard members is access to the tax-exempt Qualified Veteran Mortgage
   A national military advocacy group says the        care. The report said:                                                      Bonds. The Alaska
post-deployment challenges facing Alaska’s               * More than one- I On the Web:                                           Veterans and Pioneers
Army National Guard are more daunting and             quarter of Alaska Guard                                                     Home was accredited
widespread than any the group has seen.               members live in rural To read Veterans for America’s full                   by Veterans Affairs, and
   Veterans for America, a Washington, D.C.,          areas, more than 60 preliminary report, go to                               now qualified veterans
group originally known as Vietnam Veterans            miles from the nearest                  living at the facility will
of America Foundation, released its prelimi-          Veterans Affairs (VA)                                                       have up to 30 percent of
nary report after three members of the group          health care, and many                                                       their personal monthly
spent a week in Alaska.                               live in such remote areas that they do not expense for care paid for by the VA.
   The Alaska Department of Military and
Veterans Affairs responded with an Oct. 2
statement. It said the preliminary findings
report does not appear to be comprehensive or
                                                      have access to Tricare — Department of                VFA made a number of proposals to assist
                                                      Defense-sponsored military health care facil- the Alaska National Guard. Some of the sug-
                                                      ity — providers.
                                                         * For Guard members living in remote vil-
                                                                                                         gestions included:
                                                                                                            * The Alaska Native Tribal Health
scientific and is filled with inaccurate assertions
regarding the Alaska Army National Guard.
   Veterans for America’s report said it
reviewed the needs of Alaska’s citizen-soldiers
                                                      lages, it can cost more than $1,500 to travel to Consortium should accept reimbursement
                                                      Anchorage for appointments. VA will reim- from the VA to cover post-combat care for
                                                      burse this money, however, the soldiers need rural Guard members who have served over-
                                                      to pay upfront. In Bethel, Alaska Native elders seas post Sept. 11, 2001.
and the resources in place to meet them. It
said the needs of Alaska’s Guard members and
their families far outstrip the available help.
   “I just hope the initial reaction (to the
                                                      and local village safety officers had to help
                                                      soldiers play for their travel and lodging.
                                                         * There are no Tricare providers in the vil- of the Yellow Ribbon Reintegration Program.
                                                      lages, so as a practical matter many rural
                                                                                                            * Palin should make the face-to-face men-
                                                                                                         tal and physical screening mandatory as part

                                                                                                            * The state must ensure Alaska has an ade-
report) is not defensive,” said Adrienne Willis,      Guard family members lost all health care quate number of geographically-distributed
VFA’s director of communications and co-              when their loved one was deployed.                 family assistance centers.
director of its National Guard program. “We              * Alaska benefits for state employees who          * Palin should expand the state state’s grant
put as many caveats on it as we can, the Alaska       are deployed are paltry relative to other states. program that provides emergency financial
National Guard leadership is doing every-                * Alaska’s Yellow Ribbon Reintegration assistance for Guard members and their fam-
thing is can and working extremely hard.              Program, which aims to improve post- ilies.
   “It’s an impossible task and we want to            deployment screening and information shar-            “We’re trying to help,” Willis said. “We’re
help.”                                                ing, is just getting started.                      not trying to get anyone fired. We’re address-
   The state called the VFA report’s conclu-             Willis wouldn’t give the names of Guard ing the issues.”
sion that the Alaska Army National Guard              members VFA spoke to during the trip,                 Willis said VFA will produce a more
should not continue to deploy in support of           which included stops in Anchorage, Wasilla, detailed report sometime soon.
the global war on terror “unsubstantiated.”           Fairbanks, the Kenai Peninsula, Bethel and
   “We are experienced, skilled professionals         Kwethluk.                                             Matt Nevala can be reached at 907-348-2480 or
who meet the needs of Alaskans and the                   In defense of the findings, the state said Gov. 800-770-9830, ext. 480.
nation whenever we are called upon,” said Lt.         Sarah Palin has advocated for increased bene-
Gen. (Alaska) Craig E. Campbell, adjutant             fits to Alaska National Guard members. This
general of the Alaska National Guard. “The            year, she signed into law a provision that waives
Alaska Army National Guard is constantly              the fee for hunting and fishing licenses to
working with its soldiers, families and organi-       Alaska National Guard members. Educational
Page 14                                                                                                                                                                       October 9, 2008

                                                                                                  NEWS IN BRIEF
Workshop offers home heating help                             the Alaska governor’s “lifelong passion for               ed for injuries.                                               Museum of North finalists picked
  An upcoming workshop offered by the                         the sport of hunting.”                                      Troopers say Tom was the driver of the                      Three finalists have been chosen to fill the
University of Alaska Fairbanks Cooperative                       The pink camouflage bow weighs 3.4                     ATV and Kobuk was his passenger at the                        director’s position of the University of
Extension Service will offer ideas and tech-                  pounds and is designed to accommodate                     time of the crash.                                            Alaska Museum of the North.
niques to help residents lower home energy                    female hunters and archers.                                 According to troopers, Tom lost control of                     Chosen for onsite interviews at the muse-
bills.                                                           Lakota chief executive Dick Williamson                 the vehicle, which dove into a ditch. Neither                 um in Fairbanks were:
  Extension energy and housing specialist                     says the bow also pays tribute to women who               man was wearing a helmet.                                        * Meredith Lane, a private consultant who
Rich Seifert will lead a cold climate home-                   “bear the responsibility of family and work                                                                             was most recently the public and scientific
building techniques workshop on Oct. 18.                      while strengthening the moral fiber of soci-              Noorvik man faces 20 years                                    liaison for the Global Biodiversity
The workshop will focus on insulating homes                   ety.”                                                        A 35-year-old Noorvik man has been                         Information Facility in Copenhagen,
and will cover options for retrofit, and radon                   The company will donate 10 percent of                  sentenced to 20 years in prison for sexual                    Denmark.
and indoor air quality, ventilation, roofs and                Sarah-Cuda proceeds to the National                       abuse of a minor.                                                * Frederick Sheldon, the director of the
permafrost. The workshop will run from 9                      Association for Down syndrome. The 44-                       David Foster was sentenced in Kotzebue                     Louisiana State University Museum of
a.m.-5 p.m. in Schaible Auditorium.                           year-old Palin is a mother of five who gave               Superior Court to serve 30 years in prison                    Natural Sciences and professor in the LSU
Participants receive a free manual with a CD.                 birth earlier this year to a son with the genet-          with 10 years suspended and 25 years proba-                   Department of Biological Sciences.
  For more information, contact Seifert at                    ic condition.                                             tion.                                                            * Shelby Tisdale, the director of the
907-474-7201 or at                                                                                          Alaska State Troopers in February received                 Museum of Indian Arts and Culture and the
                                                              Stebbins man dies in ATV crash                            a report that Foster had sexually abused a vic-               Laboratory of Anthropology in Santa Fe,
Company offers ‘Sarah-Cuda’ bow                                 A 37-year-old Stebbins man is dead and                  tim living in his home and that the abuse had                 N.M.
   A western Ohio manufacturer has                            another man injured after their all terrain               occurred for more than a year.                                   The director’s position will come open at
designed a custom-designed hunting bow                        vehicle crashed near the Western Alaska vil-                 Foster was arrested. He pleaded guilty in                  the end of the year with the retirement of
inspired by Republican vice presidential can-                 lage of Saint Michael.                                    June.                                                         Aldona Jonaitis, who has led the museum for
didate Sarah Palin.                                             Alaska State Troopers say Glen Tom died                    Noorvik is a community of 636 on the                       14 years.
   Lakota Industries Inc. in Xenia announced                  over the last weekend of September and 51-                Kobuk River about 45 miles east of
its “Sarah-Cuda” bow last week in honor of                    year-old Leo Kobuk Jr. of Stebbins was treat-             Kotzebue.

                                                                                            MATTER                OF       RECORD
Any charges reported in these statements are                                                                            A drunken, mumbling man reported his wife was                 Saturday, Sept. 27 – 12:54 a.m. Gashmaw
accusations, and the defendant is presumed                    Wednesday, Sept. 24 – 3:10 p.m. An officer initi-         missing and he was unable to locate his wallet,               Desalegan, 35, of Unalaska, was charged with
innocent until and unless proven guilty.                      ated an investigation into a defendant who had            which contained a significant amount of money.                furnishing alcohol to a minor after officers investi-
                                                              fled the jurisdiction, contrary to court orders. 6:15     The drunken man knew where his wife was and                   gated a case in which two high school-age stu-
POLICE                                                        p.m. A woman called regarding her brother, from           found his wallet after he looked for it. 10:31 p.m. A         dents had purchased and consumed a large
Sunday, Sept. 21 – 9:57 a.m. A man called                     whom she had not heard for several days. Officers         caller reported he heard what sounded like foot-              amount of alcohol. 12:51 p.m. A caller reported
regarding his brother, who he had not seen since              found the intoxicated brother at a residence and          steps and a door slamming, in what should have                that Geoffrey Edwards, whose court-ordered
his brother received his permanent fund dividend              advised the sister of his condition.                      been a deserted warehouse. An officer responded               release stated he was not to communicate with
check. Officers found the intoxicated brother at a                                                                      and found no footprints around the door in ques-              his former vessel crew, had spoken with several of
friendʼs residence and asked that he contact his              Thursday, Sept. 25 – 12:56 a.m. An officer issued         tion, and determined the noise was likely the wind            them. Edwards, 33, of Washington, was arrested
family. 1:19 p.m. Emergency Medical Services vol-             a citation to a man who was driving a vehicle with        blowing the door shut. 11:17 p.m. Dispatch                    and charged with violating conditions of release.
unteers provided medical care to a man with a                 expired registration. 1:30 a.m. Officers contacted        received a 911 call with suspicious background                4:45 p.m. A vehicle without a trailer was parked in
head injury. 1:20 p.m. Officers assisted EMS per-             a group of intoxicated men who were arguing out-          noise and conversation; attempts to phone back                the vehicles-with-trailers only parking area at the
sonnel with a patient. 5:20 p.m. A landfill employ-           side a bar. The men indicated the argument was            were unsuccessful. When contact was finally                   Alyeska boat launch. An officer issued a citation.
ee advised he was doing some work which might                 not serious, and they left shortly thereafter. 2:38       made with the caller, he reported there was no                6:20 p.m. Unisea Security requested assistance
activate the automated fire alarms. 9:05 p.m.                 a.m. An abandoned vehicle was impounded at the            emergency. 11:27 p.m. A caller reported what                  with an inebriate who refused to leave the premis-
Dispatch received a third-party request for a tow             airport. 4:23 a.m. Emergency Medical Services             sounded like a jet engine near the landfill. An offi-         es. The management had asked that he not return
truck for a disabled vehicle blocking a roadway.              volunteers provided medical care to a woman with          cer responded and found nothing of interest. 11:36            because of his obnoxious demeanor and recent
                                                              a foot injury. 4:24 a.m. Officers assisted EMS vol-       p.m. A man reported one of his tenants was kick-              vomiting in front of the bar entrance. An officer
Monday, Sept. 22 – 2:34 a.m. A 911 hang-up call               unteers with patient care. 8:59 a.m. A cat was            ing doors and yelling, and then kicked the landlord.          advised the man that he would be arrested if he
was received at Unalaska Department of Public                 turned in for adoption or destruction. 5:57 p.m.          Karl Kinser, 49, of Seattle, was arrested and                 returned to the bar. 6:41 p.m. Dispatch received a
Safety. An officer responded to the originating loca-         Smoke from burning food activated a fire alarm in         charged with disorderly conduct and subsequent-               parking complaint at Intersea Mall. A citation was

tion and determined there was no emergency.                   a city building. 10:55 p.m. A woman reported              ly struck one of the arresting officers. He was addi-         issued. 7:48 p.m. A caller requested a man, who
8:51 a.m. A request was received from a private               someone had stolen her daughterʼs bike. The sit-          tionally charged with assault in the fourth degree.           had been staying at a trailer on her property, be
business to tow a disabled vehicle off the compa-             uation is under investigation. 11:40 p.m. A securi-       11:40 p.m. An officer observed a man sleeping at              issued a trespass advisement. An officer agreed to
ny property. An officer advised the complainant of            ty officer observed two men, one of whom was              a table in a bar. The man was awakened and                    do so if the man, who had already left the proper-
their right to tow the vehicle at their own expense.          bleeding, push each other and then run into a hotel       advised not to return to any licensed alcohol estab-          ty, could be located. 11:02 p.m. A caller expressed
3:10 p.m. A complainant reported construction                 room. Officers responded, contacted the two intox-        lishments this evening. 11:51 p.m. A taxi driver              concern about the size of a bonfire on the beach.
equipment and vehicles were blocking a roadway.               icated men and determined there had been no               requested assistance with a drunken, belligerent,             An officer verified that the size fell within fire safe-
An officer advised the site manager of the com-               assault or other criminal activity.                       inarticulate fare. The responding officer attempted           ty regulations.
plaint, and the situation was rectified shortly there-                                                                  to discern where the man wished to go, but he
after.                                                        Friday, Sept. 26 – 12:52 a.m. An officer observed         continued to create problems for the driver and               Sunday, Sept. 28 – 12:19 a.m. A caller reported a
                                                              several drunken men who appeared ready to dri-            was eventually asked to leave the cab. 11:59 p.m.             vehicle blocking a driveway. The driver removed
Tuesday, Sept. 23 – 6:42 a.m. A caller reported a             ve away from a bar. The prospective driver was            An officer observed several youths behaving sus-              the vehicle shortly after an officer arrived. 12:26
propane grill hanging off the road. Officers were             contacted and strongly encouraged to take alter-          piciously and stopped to speak with them. Two of              a.m. An intoxicated man was escorted from a bar
unable to locate said item. 2:30 p.m. A report of a           native transportation. He wisely chose to do so,          the three exhibited numerous indicators of intoxi-            and told he was too drunk to return that night to
vehicle driving off-road on OC property. An officer           and the group left in a taxi. 5:04 a.m. A complainant     cation and admitted to consuming a significant                any licensed alcohol establishments. He left in a
advised OC personnel of the incident. 3:25 p.m. An            reported a vehicle speeding in an area frequented         quantity of alcohol, which they had purchased at a            taxi. 2:19 a.m. An officer observed an intoxicated
officer provided a subpoena service. 5:28 p.m. A              by pedestrians. Officers did not locate the suspect       local liquor store. Drug paraphernalia were also              man standing next to the road, and asked if he
driver reversing out of his driveway continued                vehicle. 10:26 a.m. An officer conducted random           found in their possession. Both juveniles were                needed assistance. The man said he was simply
across the street and backed into a car parked on             taxi inspections after receiving a complaint about        charged with minor in possession and returned to              resting.
the opposite side of the roadway. Both vehicles               some cabbies offering unauthorized fares. The             their father.
sustained minor damage.                                       officer found no evidence of wrongdoing. 7:18 p.m.

Fisherman                          The Dutch Harbor

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    Alaska Newspapers, Inc. • 301 Calista Court, #B • Anchorage, AK 99518 • (800) 770-9830 • Fax: (800) 770-9512 •
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                                                                                                                                                 Aleutians Priblof Center.                        9:30 AM. Dial 1-712-580-8020, access code
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               SOA/AMHT                                                                        Administrative Assistant
                                                                                               DEPARTMENT: Aleutian Priblof Center,
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                                                                                               GRADE: 27_75 DOE
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                                                                                                                                                 (314393, 10/9-10/23)
                                                                                                                                                 Refrigeration Operator / Maintenance
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                                                                                               OPEN: 9/27/09

                  2X3                                                                          CLOSE: 10/27/2008
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                                                                                               Unalaska, Alaska. This center provides edu-
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                                                                                                                                                                                                           The Dutch Harbor
                                                                                               cational services at a local and regional level

                                                                                               for rural students in the surrounding remote
                                                                                               villages. This position is responsible for the
                                                                                               job of and coordination of front office opera-
                                                                                               tions, which include distance delivery com-       “When God Calls, Are You Listening”, ECK-
                                                                                               munications, student and clerical support         ANKAR teleconference worship service with         (800) 770-9830
                                                                                               and general office management for the             spiritual discussion, Sunday, October 12th,
October 9, 2008                                                                                                                                            Page 15

Ancient whalers leave their mark on the north
Old homesites still impact                         ponds in the high arctic for about 20 years.
                                                   Their goal is to track past climate by seeing
water chemistry of lakes                           changes in diatom species over the years.
                                                   Almost all the waters they sampled have been
NED ROZELL                                         very low in nutrients, but lakes near aban-
For Alaska Newspapers                              doned Thule whaling sites are often high in
                                                   nutrients and contain many diatoms that are
   The high arctic is one of the farthest places   different than those found in other lakes.
from most of the 6 billion people on Earth,           One lake showing evidence of ancient
but Canadian researchers have found that the       whaling activity is located on Somerset Island
far north holds some of the oldest evidence of     in Canada’s arctic, at a latitude farther north
human impact on a lake’s ecosystem.                than Barrow.
   John Smol, of Queen’s University in                About 1,000 years ago, Natives from
Ontario, is a frequent visitor to Canada’s high    northern Alaska moved eastward into
arctic, a treeless world of tundra, lakes, and     Canada’s high arctic, bringing along their
constant winds.                                    whale-hunting skills and tools.
   From about A.D. 1200 to A.D. 1600, the             The hardy people used skin boats called
Thule people—descendents of the Native             umiaks, which allowed them to harpoon
whalers of northern Alaska—lived in the            whales in open water. James Savelle of
area, making homes out of rocks, peat and          McGill University, the archeologist on the
whale bones. Though the Thule people left          team, estimated that the Thule people used
the area about 400 years ago, Smol and his         up to 60 percent of each whale carcass.
                                                                                                                                                                                   Courtesy photo / J.M. Savelle
colleagues found that the ancient people              “They used bones (for rafters and wall sup-
changed the water chemistry of local lakes         ports), blubber for heat, and the meat as
and Thule homesites are still affecting lakes      food,” Smol said. “They were an ecologically      Researcher Allen McCartney stands near a dwelling made from whale bones on Bathhurst Island in
today.                                             efficient people.”                                Canada’s high arctic. Scientists have found that the people who lived at these ancient sites
   Smol is a scientist who reconstructs the           Preserved by a climate that resembles a        changed the chemistry of nearby lakes, perhaps the oldest evidence of mankind altering an
past by looking at ancient creatures preserved     freezer for nine months and a refrigerator for    aquatic ecosystem in Canada or the U.S.
in the muck at the bottom of lakes. He’s most      the other three, the crumbled whale-bone
interested in diatoms—single-celled algae          structures of the Thule are easy to find in the   groups of diatoms.                                  of the high arctic as pristine, and I think we
with cell walls made of glass. This glass, or      wide-open country, and the Somerset Island           The Thule people left the site about 400         now have one of the oldest records of human
silicon dioxide, makes diatoms last hundreds       site contains the remains of 11 whale bone        years ago, probably due to a decline in bow-        impact on an aquatic ecosystem.”
of years; diatom skeletons are a major com-        houses and at least 125 bowhead whales. In a      head whales caused by the increasing sum-
ponent of the sediment at the bottom of            lake nearby, Smol and his colleagues found        mer ice cover, Savelle said. When they moved            Ned Rozell is a science writer at the Geophysical
lakes.                                             elevated levels of phosphorus, organic car-       on, they left behind faint but lasting evidence     Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks. This column
   Smol and Marianne Douglas from the              bon, and calcium. The nutrients have nur-         of their stay.                                      first ran in 2004.
University of Toronto have sampled lakes and       tured the growth of mosses and certain              “It’s ironic,” Smol said. “We tend to think

Top five Alaska businesses culled from ranks of Native corporations
Business magazine notes                            handful of Native corporations on the list,”
                                                   Cutler said. “Arctic Slope had just 55 million
                                                                                                     Alaska Natives born before Dec. 18, 1971,
                                                                                                     although amendments to the act allow corpo-
                                                                                                                                                         on three pillars: economic growth, genera-
                                                                                                                                                         tional transmission of values to younger
highest gross revenues                             in total revenue, placed No. 13 on the list and   rations to extend shares to younger genera-         shareholders and focus on sustainable devel-
                                                   had 400 employees. Now they employ 7,400,         tions who might not have received shares as         opment in the region.
MARY LOCHNER                                       their revenues topped $1 billion, and they’re     gifts or inheritance from older relatives. Today       “We can balance economic development                      first on the list. We’ve seen other Native cor-   there are 13 regional corporations and more         with subsistence needs,” Sweeny said. “We pro-
                                                   porations follow this trend.”                     than 200 village corporations.                      vide a voice to ensure development takes place
  The top five revenue-generating Alaska              Regional corporations such as Arctic Slope                                                         on our terms, in an environmentally sound
businesses are Native corporations, and the        and Bristol Bay aren’t the only boats riding on   Benefits beyond dividends                           manner, to protect our traditional subsistence.”
top two – Arctic Slope Regional Corp. and          the wave of that trend. Chenega Corp., a vil-        Corporation leaders attending the awards            Providing scholarships for education and
Bristol Bay Native Corp. – reported more           lage corporation whose shareholders origi-        ceremony noted that Native corporations             vocational development is another way
than $1 billion dollars in gross revenue each      nally hail from a community near Cordova,         provide benefits to their shareholders that go      Alaska Native corporations could invest in
for the fiscal year 2007.                          placed No. five on the list, with $768 million    beyond merely paying out dividends.                 shareholders, said Bristol Bay Native Corp.
  The businesses were honored as Alaska            in gross revenue in 2007. The Eyak Corp,             For example, Chenega’s village corporation       director of shareholder and corporate rela-
Business Monthly magazine held its annual          which ranked at No. 12, saw the biggest jump      has played an important role in rebuilding          tions Jason Metrokin. He said BBNC’s edu-
awards banquet for the state’s top 49 mon-         in gross revenues out of all the AK 49ers,        the community after the 1964 earthquake             cation foundation paid out $230,000 in
ey-makers on Sept. 29 at the Dena’ina              expanding from $95.73 million in gross rev-       tsunami, director of corporate communica-           scholarships last year to shareholders.
Convention Center in Anchorage, in part-           enues in 2006, to $231.01 million in 2007 —       tions Karen Rogina said. The natural disaster       Chenega Corp. and ASRC also have schol-
nership with the Anchorage Chamber of              a 141 percent increase.                           claimed the lives of 26 members of the              arship programs for shareholders.
Commerce.                                             Alaska Native corporations were formed as      Chenega village, and many of the villagers             Ensuring that regional and village corpo-
  Out of the 49 Alaska businesses that made        part of the 1971 Alaska Native Claims             were displaced, although some settled back          rations are financially sustainable for future
the list, 18 were Alaska Native corporations.      Settlement Act, which was passed by Congress      in Chenega Bay, Karen Rogina said. The vil-         generations is part of what drives Native cor-
Businesses that made the list represented          to settle the land claims of indigenous tribes,   lage corporation, founded in the 1980s, helps       porations to succeed, said company represen-
$11.8 billion in total combined annual rev-        who were, in some cases, being encroached         maintain a sense of community among the             tatives at the AK 49ers awards banquet.
enue, and of that total, Alaska Native corpo-      upon by competing land claims of the state of     people of Chenega, invests money in cultur-            “It’s important for the corporation that we
rations comprised $7.8 billion.                    Alaska after the Statehood Act. As part of the    al preservation programs, and has helped to         continue to stay the course as defined by the
  Debbie Cutler, editor of Alaska Business         federal settlement, Alaska Native groups gave     rebuild the new village site, Rogain said.          board of directors,” Sweeny said. “It’s the
Monthly, said Alaska Native corporations           up claims to most of the lands and received, in      Tara Sweeny, Arctic Slope Regional Corp.’s       integration of Inupiat values, a strong busi-
have come up in a big way since the magazine       exchange, certain assets, including the option    vice president of external affairs, said the cor-   ness sense and disciplined approach to invest-
started publishing the list, called the AK         to form regional and village corporations in      poration works to promote its shareholders’         ment, that will allow us to handle the chal-
49ers, 24 years ago.                               part with money from the federal government.      Inupiat heritage and traditional way of life.       lenges of the future.”
  “When we first started, there were only a        Shares were originally made available to          She said ASRC based its 2007 strategic plan

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