The Aleutians and the Pribilofs
Vol. 16, No. 45 •
The Dutch Harbor
Unalaska, Alaska • www.thedutchharborfisherman.com • $1.00 •
October 9, 2008
‘Missing link’ in sea plant
evolution at St. George Island
ALASKA NEWSPAPERS STAFF
Twenty-five students in the Pribilof Island
Marine Science Camp have discovered the
second-known population of a new species
of large brown marine algae, Aureophycus,
near St. George Island.
The kelp was discovered during the 11-day
Pribilof Island Marine Science Camp in July,
while elementary and high school students
were studying the area’s seawater tempera-
ture, salinity, marine habitats and sea crea-
The students used sophisticated instru-
ments like hydrophones for recording fur seal
sounds, fine-meshed chambered nets to sur-
vey local plankton and robotic underwater
Courtesy photo/ Karin Holser
cameras to see sealife.
During an early field trip, a 20-meter
Michelle Ridgway with Aureophycus from the Starya Artil patch on St. George Island.
See Page 8, Kelp
Research goal: More king crab in every pot
This juvenile king crab
was raised from
Two-year old hatchery project seaweed in conical shaped tanks in the Alutiiq Pride
Shellfish Hatchery in Seward were hatched by a
hatching at the Alutiiq working to restore population team of scientists and research biologists in the ear-
Pride Shellfish ly phases of a project designed to help restore long-
Hatchery and JEFF STEPHAN, HEATHER MCCARTY depressed king crab stocks. The project is a unique
is approximately 5 AND GALE VICK partnership between the crab industry, coastal com-
months old. munities, Native groups, the National Marine
Courtesy photo / Ben Daly
For Alaska Newspapers
Fisheries Service (NMFS), the University of Alaska
The “Deadliest Catch” it’s not, but the results of Fairbanks School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences
a research project in Seward might be just as (SFOS) and the Alaska Sea Grant college program.
intriguing to skippers of the rugged Bering Sea crab In only its second year, AKCRRAB’s research
fleet as the next installment of the adrenalin-pump- team made great progress in 2008 toward mass pro-
ing television show. After all, the goal of the Alaska duction of juvenile king crab and successfully
King Crab Research, Rehabilitation and Biology launched a host of scientific studies that should
(AKCRRAB) program is to fill king crab pots result in greatly improved information about
The tiny king crab clinging to tufts of artificial See Page 9, Crab
Caster’s Cutthroats meet one more time
Alaska Scouts recall Platoon (Provisional) — came together at the
Anchorage Museum last month. It was their first meet-
World War II duty ing in decades for Earl Acuff, Ed Walker and William
“Billy” Buck, and the three surviving Scouts told their
MIKE PETERS stories to a crowd gathered to open a year-long exhib-
email@example.com it at the museum that salutes the 66 Alaska Scouts as
As they scouted the Aleutian Islands for the U.S. “A band of woodmen fighters like this hasn’t been
Army during World War II, sometimes they feasted seen since the Alamo, and probably will never be seen
on Dall sheep, hauling the choice meat in by backpack again,” said author Jim Reardon, who has written a
to their remote camps. “faction” book that weaves the history of the men into
Other times, after going hungry for days, they’d dig a fictional narrative. Reardon appeared on a panel with
up the sweet roots of basket grasses. The outdoor skills the three surviving Scouts and later signed copies of
of that hardy outfit — Alaska Natives, trappers and his book, which like the men is called “Castner’s
prospectors who knew how to live off the land — kept Cutthroats.”
them alive as they monitored the Japanese-occupied The men, most Alaska Natives like William “Billy”
islands of Attu and Kiska. Buck, were recruited by the Army for their outdoors
DH 10-9-08 The hardiness and derring-do of these men, and skills after it became likely that Japanese forces would
their unconventional mix of Army and backwoods invade the Aleutians. The islands were remote and scat-
garb, led to a gritty nickname that stuck to the unit: tered in a wide area; the climate was often harsh: “It was Courtesy photo
Castner’s Cutthroats. like having another enemy: The weather,” says Buck. William “Billy” Buck in wartime.
Three grizzled veterans of that unit – the Alaska
Scouts, or more formally the 1st Combat Intelligence See Page 10, Cutthroats
Page 2 www.thedutchharborfisherman.com October 9, 2008
Pen Air cuts flights,
lays off 15 pilots
Natives question Palin’s support
Some say governor fails
Fuel budget increased to to give issues a hearing
$8 million by last month
ALASKA JOURNAL OF COMMERCE Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin routinely notes
Peninsula Airways Inc. laid off 15 her husband’s Yup’ik Eskimo roots. But those
pilots early in September and parked connections haven’t erased doubts about her
three of its turbo prop 19-passenger air- in a community long slighted by the white
craft in an effort to cut costs after a year of settlers who flocked to Alaska and dominate
high fuel prices. its government.
“We had a huge deficit that we had to Since she took office in 2006, many Alaska
make up over the rising costs of fuel, so I Natives say they’ve felt ignored when she
had to trim our operations back,” said made appointments to her administration,
Danny Seybert, chief executive officer at sided with sporting interests over Native
Pen Air. hunting rights and pursued a lawsuit that
Fuel prices rose above $4 a gallon for Natives say seeks to undermine their ancient
jet fuel in July, but fell below the $3 a gal- traditions.
lon mark during the second week in Alaska’s population today is mostly white
September. but nearly a fifth of its people are Native
Seybert said the airline’s fuel budget Americans — primarily Alaska Natives.
Roy Corral/Alaska Newspapers
swelled to $8 million by September and Blacks and Asians combined make up less
that the company’s budget was now $6 than 10 percent of the state’s population.
million over budget. Pen Air operates on As a result, race relations in Alaska are dif- Emil Notti, right, a prominent Alaska Native leader, was appointed by Gov. Sarah Palin, left, as
a March 31 fiscal year, Seybert said. ferent from those in other states. Palin inher- commissioner of the Department of Commerce. Notti was appointed at the beginning of Palin’s
“Since we had an immediate need to ited a complex, sometimes strained relation- term in office and continues to hold the position.
find $6 million, I decided to park the ship with Alaska Natives. There is a wide
Metros, lay off some of the pilot work- economic disparity between its predominant- advisers represent the state’s diversity. For Anchorage history professor. But in her 21-
force and increase ticket fares 17 percent, ly white urban areas and the scores of isolated example, Palin’s communications director, Bill month tenure, the governor has used those
and we are also cutting back service to Native villages, and competition between McAllister, is part black. Her commissioner ties mostly to highlight her experiences in
some destinations for a 15 percent reduc- sport hunting rights and tribal sovereignty. for the Department of Commerce, commercial fishing, moose hunting and gen-
tion,” he said. “Still this only makes us $3 Early in her administration, Palin created a Community and Economic Development, eral outdoorsmanship.
million closer to a $6 million deficit.” furor by trying to appoint a white woman to Emil Notti, is a noted Alaska Native leader. “She has not manifested, so far, any extra-
The airline will continue to operate in a seat, held for more than 25 years by a “The governor is colorblind when it comes ordinary measures on behalf of Alaska
this mode until spring, Seybert said. Native, on the panel that oversees wildlife to hiring,” Leighow said. Natives,” Haycox said.
Peninsula Airways was started by management. Ultimately, Palin named an Alaska Inter-Tribal Council chairman
Seybert’s father, Orin Seybert, in 1955 Athabascan Indian to the game board, but Mike Williams of Akiak said he’s been seek-
from Pilot Point. The company started not before relations were bruised. As a result, race relations in ing an audience with Palin to address tribal
operating as Pen Air in 1991, after an When a game board chairman suggested concerns ever since she was elected governor,
agreement with Alaska Airlines to Alaska Natives missed a meeting because Alaska are different from those in but her staff keeps telling him that her sched-
become a code sharing and mileage point they were drinking beer, the remark struck a other states. Palin inherited a ule is full.
partner. chord since the Alaska Native community is “She’s so busy that she doesn’t have time
Code sharing is an arrangement where wracked by alcohol abuse. Palin, a candidate complex, sometimes strained for the tribes. There needs to be respect and a
another airline operates flights using the for governor at the time, asked him to resign. relationship with Alaska Natives. dialogue,” said Williams, who is also Yup’ik
reservation codes and flight numbers of a Critics felt the man’s remarks rose to the Eskimo.
dominant airline. level of misconduct that would have allowed This time of year, Williams is busy putting
PenAir, Alaska’s largest commuter air- the governor to fire him and were appalled But Duke University political science pro- away meat, fish and berries for the winter —
line, normally operates as many as 40 air- Palin didn’t do more to get him off the board fessor Paula McClain, who went to high supplies that are critical to survival in cash-
craft providing scheduled service to 36 once she became governor later that year. school in Alaska and now specializes in poor rural villages — and he said he wants to
communities throughout Southwest “He should have been removed,” said minority relations, said Palin’s actions sug- explain to Palin how increased pressures from
Alaska. Lloyd Miller, a tribal rights attorney based in gest she has “a political tin ear or that she sport hunting and fishing as well as oil and
Anchorage. “When your conduct fractures simply doesn’t care.” mining have eroded native hunting lands.
the public trust, it’s misconduct.” “In a state like Alaska, how can you not be Palin’s director of Community and
When Palin this summer fired Public aware of how not reappointing a Native is Regional Affairs, Tara Jollie, a member of the
Get results. Safety Commissioner Walt Monegan, a
Native, she replaced him with a non-Native.
going to play? At best, she’s naive,” McClain
Chippewa tribe of North Dakota, said the
popular governor’s schedule is busy, but she
His successor resigned after 10 days on the Alaska Natives — the term includes has attended events such as the yearly gath-
To advertise in call job, when a previously undisclosed reprimand
that stemmed from a sexual harassment claim
indigenous Eskimo, Aleut and Indian popu-
lations — tend to lean Democrat. Many
ering of the Alaska Federation of Natives and
a recent bridge dedication honoring a native
against him came to light. prominent Native leaders have endorsed leader.
The Dutch Harbor The Monegan firing is the subject of two Democrat Barack Obama for president. Jollie also said many of Palin’s initiatives,
Fisherman state investigations. Palin is accused of firing
Monegan because he refused to fire her sis-
ter’s former husband, a state trooper.
Two weeks after she was tapped as John
But the mother of Palin’s husband, Todd, is
a quarter Yup’ik Eskimo. Each summer, he
heads to his birthplace in Western Alaska to
work in the Bristol Bay commercial salmon
like energy assistance and sharing state rev-
enues with municipalities, are particularly
important to the rural Natives coping with
some of the highest fuel costs in the nation.
(800) 770-9830 McCain’s running mate, Palin named a
Native to Monegan’s old position.
Palin’s family ties would suggest she would
“It’s her nature to want the best for all
Alaskans,” said Jollie. “She would treat her
Palin spokeswoman Sharon Leighow said be more sensitive to Native issues, said native constituency exactly the same as any
the governor’s Cabinet members and chief Stephen Haycox, a University of Alaska other constituency.”
October 9, 2008 www.thedutchharborfisherman.com Page 3
Emergency fuel helps Adak survive
Debt, state revocation in sales taxes and utility bills. relations spokesman for Adak Fisheries. ing earlier in the season than usual because
The city manager, with approval of the But Adak Fisheries currently is experienc- there was no guarantee utilities would be
disrupt utility service City Council, can disconnect power from a ing hard times, as competition to process fish available, Dushkin said. Contractors normal-
delinquent utility subscriber, but the council has grown in recent months. The company ly leave in October, but the last three planes
MARGARET BAUMEN as whole has never approved a disconnect for owes thousands of dollars in unpaid fuel bills out were pretty full, she said.
Alaska Journal of Commerce
Adak Fisheries, Dushkin said. to the city and Aleut Enterprises, the fuel The residents, however, are staying on. “I
Meanwhile, on Sept. 23, the Regulatory division of the Aleut Corp. guess we could all pack up and leave, but to
Emergency fuel shipments from the Aleut Commission of Alaska released an order There is also plenty of friction between the where?” she said.
Corp. are keeping the city of Adak’s genera- finding that good cause exists to revoke the city of Adak and the Aleut Corp. On Sept. Adak Fisheries, meanwhile, is working
tors going for now, but officials of the region- certificate of public convenience and necessi- 19, in the wake of an Adak City Council with North Pacific Fishery Management
al Alaska Native corporation said Oct. 2 that ty held by the city of Adak, doing business agreement with Aleut Enterprises, city clerk Council, which will introduce a discussion
state aid was needed to bail out the city. as Adak Electric. RCA scheduled a public Dushkin, city manager Steve Hines and City paper at its October meeting to give more
“We don’t want them to go without elec- workshop in Anchorage for Oct. 20 for indi- Council member Will Tillion tendered their protection to Eastern Aleutian Island com-
tricity,” said Thomas Mack, president of the viduals or entities interested in providing resignations. According to Tillion, the trio munities for processing Pacific cod.
Aleut Corp., in Anchorage. “We are trying electric service to Adak. resigned in protest of council action without From 2005 to 2007, vessels harvesting
to get it resolved, the quicker the better.” RCA officials cited the utility’s continuing the advice of the city attorney. Pacific cod delivered up to 84 percent of the
Adak, population 136, lies on Kuluk Bay struggle in providing adequate, safe and reli- Tillion said the deal to allow fuel delivery fish to the Adak shoreside processor, but
on Adak Island, 350 miles west of Unalaska. able utility service in Adak as a reason to included a provision that forgives the Alaska when the crab-processing sector was consol-
Since July, the city has had intermittent revoke the certificate. Native corporation for removing copper com- idated in 2008, landings to Adak Fisheries
problems getting fuel from the Aleut Corp. Aleut’s Mack said his company wants the ponents from the electric distribution system dropped to 37 percent, Frasier said.
because the city was in arrears on paying the city of Adak to have a viable power plant, but that belongs to the city of Adak. This happened because some processor ves-
corporation’s subsidiary, Aleut Enterprises, can only do so much. Other council members were under duress sels that previously worked in the crab fishery
for the fuel, said city clerk Chrissy Dushkin. “We have been putting a little Band-Aid on to sign the agreement because they were wor- were suddenly freed up and began competing
Meanwhile Aleut Corp. was in arrears pay- the problem extending them fuel,” he said.“We ried about a power outage, due to lack of fuel to process Pacific cod. While Adak Fisheries
ing sales tax to the city, “because they wanted are not helping the situation by just giving them causing the clinic and school to close, he said. processed black cod and halibut in summer
to deduct it from our (fuel) bill,” Dushkin said. fuel; we are throwing good money after bad.” months and some crab in winter months,
Dushkin estimated that the city owed Adak Fisheries, which processes cod, hal- Unfinished business Pacific cod is its most important fishery.
Aleut Enterprises about $500,000 for fuel, a ibut, sablefish, crab and pollock, is the main- The fuel shortage resulted in some 200 con- To process the Pacific cod, Adak Fisheries
debt that in part was the result of Adak stay of the Adak economy when things are tractors, on the island to clean up unexploded imports workers from outside the area,
Fisheries owing the city upward of $600,000 going well, said Dave Frasier, a government ordinance left over from World War II, leav- because most adult Adak residents are already
employed. Adak Fisheries does pay sales tax-
NEWS IN BRIEF DC-6 GOES OFF THE AIR
es on behalf of the fishermen who sell to
them, and pays a raw fish tax to the state,
which passes it on to the city of Adak.
AMHS releases 2009 schedule Along with the processing competition,
The Alaska Marine Highway System Adak Fisheries has had challenges in getting
announced the release of its 2009 summer its processed fish to market.
sailing schedule for its 11 vessels serving 32 “We are at the end of the line,” Frasier said.
ports between Bellingham, Wash., through There is no scheduled service from domestic
Prince Rupert, British Columbia and west to vessels and processed fish for domestic mar-
the Aleutians. kets can’t be shipped on a foreign processor.
“The early release of next summer’s sched- The council’s discussion paper notes that
ule resulted from a cooperative effort between the American Fisheries Act, the federal crab
the governor’s office, the Office of rationalization program and Bering Sea
Management and Budget, the Department Aleutian Island Amendment 80 program all
of Transportation and Public Facilities, the allowed for consolidation that freed up some
Marine Transportation Advisory Board and processing sectors to compete for harvests
members of the public,” said Jim Beedle, that in the past went to shoreside facilities at
deputy commissioner of marine operations. Adak. The council will consider options to
Beedle explained that the early schedule protect processing efforts at Adak, which pro-
release might give Alaskans better and easier vide several hundred jobs annually.
opportunities to plan business and vacation
“Releasing the schedule as early as we did
Roy Corral/Alaska Newspapers
should bring an added possibility of increased
ridership on the AMHS next summer,” A small crowd in the background gathered at Northern Air Cargo on Sept. 30 to witness the
Beedle added. final flight of its DC-6 cargo aircraft. The company, which added three Boeing 737-200 jet Advertise weekly in
The new schedule is available online and aircraft to its fleet in 2007 and is considering expanding with additional aircraft, decided to
The Dutch Harbor
reservations can be booked at www.ferry
Bingo returns to the Senior Center
retire its two active DC-6s. The 1950s-vintage aircraft provided service throughout Alaska’s
remote villages for NAC for the past 39 years. The company will donate one of its DC-6 to the
Alaska Aviation Heritage Museum.
On Oct. 5, Bingo began at the Father
Ishmail Gromoff Senior Center in Unalaska
after a summer-long hiatus. Game will
resume on the first and third Sunday of every
month. Doors open at 4 p.m. and games
begin at 4:30 p.m. The permit number is
2057. For more information, call 581-5195.
Send updated event information to vbar-
firstname.lastname@example.org by noon on
Wednesdays for it to appear in the next week’s
edition of The Fisherman.
Tuesday, Oct. 14
GRAND ALEUTIAN (liquor)
• 7 p.m. City Council meeting. Meets are
held at City Hall on the second and fourth
Tuesday of the month. 3X5
Thursday, Oct. 16
• 7 p.m. School board meeting. Monthly
meetings are usually held on the third
Thursday of every month.
Sunday, Oct. 19
• 4:30 p.m. Bingo! at the Father Ishmail
Gromoff Senior Center. Doors open at 4
p.m., bingo begins at 4:30. Takes place the
first and third Sunday of the month. For
more information call 581-5195.
October 9, 2008 FishermanOpinion
Tracking Palin’s opposition to Native rights
BY LLOYD MILLER AND HEATHER although the federal court last year rejected es to relent, regardless of the consequence for
KENDALL MILLER COMMENT this challenge, too, Palin has refused to lay village children caught in the middle of the
For Alaska Newspapers down her arms. The battle has thus moved resulting jurisdictional nightmare.
Alaska rejected Palin’s main challenge. The on to the appellate courts. In both hunting A third prong in her assault on Native peo-
Perhaps no issue is of greater importance to court held that in 1980 Congress had and fishing matters, Palin has challenged crit- ple has been Palin’s refusal to accord proper
Alaska Native peoples as the right to hunt and unequivocally granted the Department of the ical protections that Native people depend respect to Alaska Native languages and
fish according to ancient customary and tradi- Interior and the Department of Agriculture upon for their subsistence way of life, merely Alaska Native voters, by denying language
tional practices, and to carry on the subsistence joint authority to regulate and protect Alaska to enhance sport fishing and hunting oppor- assistance to Yup’ik-speaking voters. As a
way of life for future generations. These rights Native (and even non-Native) subsistence tunities. She has tolerated leadership on her result, this July the governor was ordered by a
are not just a matter of custom, they are a mat- fishing activities in most navigable waters. state regulatory boards that is openly hostile special three-judge panel of federal judges to
ter of necessity in a state where Native villages But that defeat has not deterred Palin. to Native people, including people who have provide various forms of voter assistance to
are spread across a largely roadless area cover- Today Palin continues to argue in court that gone so far as to suggest, when chairing pub- Yup’ik voters residing in Southwest Alaska.
ing 375 million acres, and where subsistence federal subsistence protections are too broad, lic hearings, that all Native people are drunks. Citing years of state neglect, Palin was
foods are still fully 60 percent of the local diet. and should be narrowed to exclude vast areas Palin’s lawsuits are more than insensitive; they ordered to provide trained poll workers who
But Gov.Sarah Palin has consistently from subsistence fishing in favor of sport and are a direct attack on Alaska Native people. are bilingual in English and Yup’ik; sample
opposed those essential and fundamental commercial fishing. Palin opposes subsistence Sadly, Palin’s campaign has not stopped with ballots in written Yup’ik; a written Yup’ik
rights. protections in marine waters, she opposes sub- her attacks on subsistence. At the very same glossary of election terms; consultation with
As soon as Palin was sworn in as governor sistence protections on many of the lands that time that she has challenged federal subsistence local tribes to ensure the accuracy of Yup’ik
she set a firm course against Native subsistence Alaska Natives selected under their 1971 land rights, she has waged a second battle against translations; a Yup’ik language coordinator;
rights. One of her very first decisions was to claims settlement, and she opposes subsistence tribal sovereignty. While Palin pays lip service and pre-election and post-election reports to
continue litigation that seeks to overturn every protections in many of the rivers where Alaska to the fact that Alaska tribes are federally rec- the court to track the state’s efforts.
subsistence fishing determination the federal Natives customarily fish. Palin even opposes ognized, it is an empty statement because she Palin’s record is clear, and measured against
government has ever made in Alaska.The goal subsistence fishing protections on Alaska insists they have no authority whatsoever to act some of the rights that are most fundamental
of Palin’s lawsuit (now known as Alaska v. Native federal allotments, even though those as sovereigns despite that recognition — unless, to Alaska Native tribes — the subsistence
Kempthorne) is to invalidate all the subsistence riverside allotments were deeded to Native peo- she argues, the state first permits a tribe to take way of life, tribal sovereignty and voting
fishing regulations the federal government has ple purposely to foster Native subsistence activ- some particular action. So unyielding is Palin rights — that record is a failure.
ever issued to protect Alaska Native fishing in ities. In less than two years, Palin has proven on tribal sovereignty issues that she has sought
navigable waters. If successful, Palin’s attack herself no friend of Alaska Native subsistence. to block Alaska tribes from even exercising Lloyd Miller and Heather Kendall Miller each
would move every subsistence issue into the In her short tenure, Palin has also tried to authority over the welfare of Native children practice law in Anchorage, representing Native
courts and thus tie up Alaska Native subsis- overturn critical federal protections for Alaska — again, unless the state through its courts first American interests. The views expressed here are
tence for generations.The reason is no secret: to Native customary and traditional uses of authorizes a tribe to act. It is a position that is theirs alone, and do not necessarily reflect the views
diminish subsistence fishing rights in order to game, again simply to enhance sport hunt- so extreme that, not only have the federal courts of their respective employers or their clients.
expand sport and commercial fishing. ing. Palin’s attack here has targeted (among rejected it, but even her own state courts have
As it turns out, last year the federal court in others) the Ahtna in Chistochina, and rejected it. Nonetheless, Palin stubbornly refus-
Fishery council delivers responsible management for catches
DAVID WITHERELL Pacific that it is now federal law and applies to fisheries conservation is to reduce catches dur-
for The Dutch Harbor Fisherman COMMENT all regional fisheries in the United States. By ing years when stock productivity is low.
law, the council can never assign total allow- Alaska’s fisheries generate thousands of jobs,
The recent opinion piece in the Sept. 19 fish’ isn’t responsible management,” is appar- able catch limits higher than the sustainable contribute millions of dollars to the economies
Fisherman by George Pletnikoff, “’Fish, baby, ently based on a fundamental misunder- limits set by the scientific committee. As a of coastal communities across Alaska and pro-
standing of federal fisheries management, result, no stock of groundfish off Alaska is over- vide high quality nutrition for people around
and thus compels me to respond. fished or subject to overfishing, period. the world. Yet Pletnikoff maligns industry and
The Dutch Harbor
Fisherman (ISSN 1937-2175/USPS 015185)
The North Pacific Fishery Management
Council was established in 1976 to allow local
fishermen to participate in the development
of fishing regulations right here in Alaska,
Ironically, every point that Pletnikoff rais-
es in his opinion piece illustrates how the
council provides responsible stewardship of
the marine resources off Alaska.
commerce, and implies that marine fish extrac-
tion is inherently bad and should be curtailed.
The fact is that federal law requires fisheries to
be managed for optimum yield, which includes
rather than in Washington, D.C. For example, he notes that Pacific Ocean commercial and recreational harvests for the
Victoria Barber, news editor
Management measures developed by the perch and yellowfin sole stocks were deplet- benefit of U.S. citizens.
ﬁsherman@alaskanewspapers.com council must be approved by the National ed by foreign vessels in the 1960s. What he The North Pacific is recognized as having
email@example.com Marine Fisheries Service, and must comply fails to mention is that these same stocks were one of the best science-based fisheries man-
(800) 770-9830 ext. 424 with the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery rebuilt by conservative management measures agement programs in the world, and has
Fax: (907) 272-9512
Conservation and Management Act, as well implemented by the North Pacific Fishery become a model for responsible fisheries man-
301 Calista Court, Suite B as all other applicable federal law. Management Council, and are now at very agement in the United States. In fact, most of
Anchorage, AK 99518 The council is accountable to the American high biomass levels and support sustainable the world’s fish catch that is certified as envi-
public through these laws and regulations, fisheries. ronmentally safe and sustainable by the Marine
and not to the fishing industry, Greenpeace, Pollock stocks increase and decline in Stewardship Council (an independent, inter-
firstname.lastname@example.org or any other group. response to environmental effects on produc- national, nonprofit group) is caught off Alaska.
In Alaska: (800) 770-9830 ext. 423 Pletnikoff argues that because some coun- tion and survival of young. As a result, bio- I urge readers to get unbiased facts from
(907) 348-2423 • Fax: (907) 272-9512 cil members are fishermen, the council sets mass can increase or decrease from year to year. the National Marine Fisheries Service at
Classiﬁed & Legal advertising: catch limits too high and allows overfishing Biologically conservative catch limits, which www.nmfs.noaa.gov/fishwatch.
In Alaska: (800) 770-9830 ext. 410
to occur, and thus reforms are needed. Yet are established by scientists rather than coun-
Fax: (907) 272-9512 this argument is patently false. cil members, are adjusted to constrain catches — David Witherell is the deputy director of the
Subscriptions: In the North Pacific, catch limits are estab- relative to projected stock biomass and trends. North Pacific Fishery Management Council. He holds
(907) 272-9830 lished annually based on comprehensive stock For example, biomass of Bering Sea pollock a master’s degree in fisheries management, is a
email@example.com assessments prepared by the National Marine is currently declining from the 2004 peak abun- certified fisheries professional, and has authored
Circulation: Fisheries Service. Biologically sustainable catch dance level. In 2008, catch limits were reduced numerous peer-reviewed scientific papers on
firstname.lastname@example.org limits are set by scientists on the Scientific and by 24 percent, resulting in substantial econom- ecosystem-based management and fisheries
Statistical Committee, and not by council ic losses to the fishing industry. Yet Pletnikoff conservation. He can be reached at
Published Thursdays by
Alaska Newspapers Inc./The Dutch Harbor Fisherman, members. The scientific committee has never discusses the recent reduction in pollock catch David.Witherell@noaa.gov.
301 Calista Court, Suite B, Anchorage, AK 99518-3028 set a catch limit that allows overfishing. This limits as an indication of mismanagement.The
Postmaster: Please send address changes to The Dutch Harbor practice has proven so successful in the North exact opposite is true. The first tenet of good
Fisherman, 301 Calista Ct., Ste. B, Anchorage, AK 99518-3028.
Subscriptions: Periodicals mail: $75 for one year, $45 for six
months; ﬁrst-class rates are $100 for one year, $70 for six months.
The newsstand price: $1 each. Periodicals postage is paid at
Anchorage, AK 99502-9986.
The publisher reserves the right to reject or edit any advertisement
submitted. No part of this publication may be reproduced by any
TUNDRA by Chad Carpenter
means without the express permission of the publisher.
Alaska Newspapers Inc.
301 Calista Ct., Suite B
Anchorage, AK 99518-3028
(800) 770-9830 in Alaska
Fax: (907) 272-9512
Publisher: M. Therese O’Neill
Managing Editor: Tony Hall
Asst. Managing Editor: Matt Nevala
Creative Director: Tim Blum
Design: Dave Geiger, Germaine Grant,
Tammy Judd, Beth Skabar
© 2008 The Dutch Harbor Fisherman is a copyrighted publication
of Alaska Newspapers Inc. All rights reserved.
October 9, 2008 www.thedutchharborfisherman.com Page 5
Demand for king crab likely to boost prices
An eager market stocks there are on a slow but steady rebound. show that in Greenland, it’s 186 pounds and
will be competing F F
ISH ACTOR 200 pounds per person in Iceland. The coun-
for reduced supplies Celebrate seafood month try with the lowest per capita seafood con-
of king crab this per-pound basis. October is National Seafood Month – a dis- sumption is Afghanistan at zero.
winter and that is Retail sales are key to the king crab market tinction proclaimed by Congress a quarter cen- And where in the world do people eat the
likely to boost prices in the U.S. and reduced supplies have pushed tury ago to recognize one of our nation’s oldest most fish? The South Pacific islands of
for fishermen. up wholesale prices by nearly 40 percent for industries. Government figures show that Tokelau, where each person eats more than
A fleet of about imported product (primarily from Russia). nationwide, the seafood industry provides more 440 pounds of seafood every year.
86 boats was on its Talley said some major U.S. buyers may than 250,000 jobs and contributes $60 billion to
way to the Bering forego king crab until after the prime holiday the U.S. economy each year. Alaska deserves A green expo
Sea last week for the LAINE WELCH sales season when prices may soften. special merit during Seafood Month, as it pro- The first Green Industrial Business and
October 15 start of For Alaska Newspapers Alaska crabbers have proposed an opening duces over half of our nation’s seafood – more Career Expo is set for Oct. 10 at the Puget
king and Tanner crab price of $5.15 a pound for red king crab, than all the other states combined. For 19 years Sound Industrial Excellence Center.
fisheries. For Alaska’s largest king crab fishery according to market expert John Sackton of in a row, Dutch harbor has ranked as the Generating electricity from geothermal ener-
at Bristol Bay, crabbers will drop pots for a total Seafood.com. That compares to of $4.35 a nation’s No. 1 port for seafood landings. The gy is a main topic and will include a presen-
catch of 20.36 million pounds of red king crab, pound last year. Fishermen receive a base seafood industry is Alaska ’s No. 1 private tation by Bernie Karl of the Chena Hot
compared to 20.38 million pounds last year. price and then a final adjustment after the employer. It ranks second only to Big Oil for Springs Resort. The expo also includes work-
Ten percent comes off the top for the CDQ crab is sold. the tax dollars it pumps into state coffers. shops where industrial firms can learn about
Quota) allocation, designed to I On the Web:
(Community Development Alaska crabbers compete with More fish facts: Americans eat just over energy efficiency, how to reduce emissions,
Russia and Norway in world 16 pounds of seafood per person each year. and “green collar” jobs of the future. Sponsors
help the economies of remote See how wind can power markets, and fishermen there (Compared to 63 pounds of beef.) America’s include the Seattle Office of Economic
Western Alaska communities that fishing boats at: also are negotiating for higher seafood favorites have remained largely the Development, Seattle Community College
border the Bering Sea. www.youtube.com/watch? prices this year. same for five years: shrimp, canned tuna, District, the National Wildlife Federation
While U.S. king crab buyers In other crab news, the catch salmon, pollock and tilapia. The nation’s and the Manufacturing Industrial Council of
might be tightening their belts due v=4mFXxroPmqg quota for Bering Sea snow seafood appetite is being fed mostly by for- Seattle. (www.nwgreenexpo.org.)
to the sluggish economy, that’s not the case for crab (opilio Tanner) is reduced by 7 percent to eign imports– nearly 80 percent of all fish Pacific Marine Expo will take place Nov.
Alaska’s No. 1 customer: Japan. According to 58.5 million pounds, compared to 63 million and shellfish eaten in the U.S. comes from 20-22 at the Qwest Center in Seattle. The
market analyst Ken Talley of Seafood Trend, pounds last season. The harvest for bairdi other countries. event features four tracks: safety, workboat,
demand for Alaska king crab is strong in Japan Tanners, the larger cousin of snow crab, also Speaking of other countries — that 16 fisheries/fisheries business and charter boats.
and that should be reflected in higher prices. decreased to 4.3 million pounds, a reduction pounds of seafood that Americans eat pales Keynote speaker is Dr. Jim Balsiger, NOAA
Imports of frozen crab into Japan through June of 23 percent. There will again be no fish- when compared to other parts of the world. Fisheries director, who will discuss Marine
dropped 27 percent from a year ago, and average eries for king crab at the Pribilofs and at St. The Japanese, for example, eat 146 pounds Fisheries in Transition. www.pacificmarine
wholesale prices increased by 41.5 percent on a Matthew Island, although blue king crab of seafood per person each year. U.N. figures expo.com.
Regulators OK commercial, charter halibut catch split
Plan based on population timony. The plan must be approved by the A limit would kick in during times when no such restrictions.
U.S. Commerce Department secretary. the halibut population is low. Part of his plan would allow charter cap-
cuts take from two to one Commercial fishermen sought the split to Charter captains say their customers can- tains to lease catch rights from commercial
limit the growth of charter catches. not tolerate a one-fish bag limit and would fishermen to allow charter anglers to keep
ASSOCIATED PRESS Charter boat captains asked the council not likely cancel trips. more than one halibut per day.
Federal regulators have approved a plan to limit the number of fish their clients can When federal fishery regulators tried to Charter captains decry the high cost of
to apportion available halibut in two Alaska take home. enforce such a limit this summer in Southeast leasing. They say the commercial fleet his-
regions among commercial and the charter The lone council member voting no, Ed Alaska, where the charter catch is growing torically has caught the bulk of the halibut
fleets. Dersham, said he could not support the plan strongest, charter boat captains went to court and will continue to under the council plan.
The North Pacific Fishery Management because it “does not meet the test of fair and to block the regulation. The council is made up mostly of govern-
Council on Saturday voted 10-1 for the plan in equitable.” Council member Gerry Merrigan, a com- ment and industry representatives from
Southeast and Southcentral Alaska, aimed set- Dersham has operated a salmon and hal- mercial halibut fisherman from Petersburg, Alaska, Washington and Oregon. It helps reg-
tling a long-running fish feud between com- ibut charter boat business out of Anchor made the winning motion Saturday. He ulate fisheries off Alaska by making recom-
mercial halibut fishermen and charter boat Point on the Kenai Peninsula. defended his plan as fair to both fleets. mendations to the U.S. commerce secretary.
operators who allow thousands of tourist and The plan approved Saturday could lead to Merrigan said commercial fishermen have Some council decisions can take a couple of
residents to catch halibut with a rod and reel. a lower halibut bag limit for charter boat strict catch limits that float up or down with years or more for regulations to take effect.
The vote followed three days of public tes- anglers — one halibut instead of two. halibut abundance but the charter fleet faces
World War II submarine USS Grunion found off Aleutians
ASSOCIATED PRESS in a news release last week. directed to return to Dutch Harbor Naval helped pinpoint USS Grunion’s possible loca-
McAneny said the Navy was very grateful Operating Base. The submarine was report- tion.
The Navy has confirmed the wreckage of to the Abele family. ed lost Aug. 16, 1942. In August 2006, a team of side scan sonar
a sunken vessel found last year off Alaska’s “We hope this announcement will help to Japanese anti-submarine attack data experts hired by the brothers located a target
Aleutians Islands is that of the USS Grunion, give closure to the families of the 70 crew- recorded no attack in the Aleutian area at the near Kiska almost a mile below the ocean’s
which disappeared during World War II. men of Grunion,” he said. time of the Grunion’s disappearance, so the surface. A second expedition in August 2007
Underwater video footage and pictures The Grunion was last heard from July 30, submarine’s fate remained an unsolved mys- using a high definition camera on a remote-
captured by an expedition hired by sons of 1942. The submarine reported heavy anti- tery for more than 60 years, the Navy said. ly operated vehicle yielded video footage and
the commanding officer, Lt. Cmdr. Mannert submarine activity at the entrance to Kiska, Abele’s son’s, Bruce, Brad, and John, began high resolution photos of the wreckage.
L. Abele, allowed the Navy to confirm the and that it had 10 torpedoes remaining for- working on a plan to find the sub after find-
discovery, Rear Adm. Douglas McAneny said ward. On the same day, the Grunion was ing information on the Internet in 2002 that
Page 6 www.thedutchharborfisherman.com October 9, 2008
Report shows jobs growth, loss moves with oil prices
Alaska lags behind Lower 48 prices, which have doubled over the past two While the support industry continues to an economist with the Institute of Social and
years, and jumped five times since 2001. grow much faster across the Lower 48, Alaska Economic Research at the University of
in industry employees “If we’re looking at $50 oil, I’m sure outpaced the rest of the country in jobs Alaska Anchorage.
employment would not have grown the way it growth among oil producers through the first “It’s unlikely that you would see a direct
Petroleum News did,” Fried said. “Maybe it wouldn’t have seven years of the decade. effect … Generally, it’s a second level effect to
grown at all, or grown very little.” Following those 15 years of steady employ- market,” Berman said.
Something similar happened in the years ment, the Prudhoe Bay work force jumped During legislative hearings last year leading
When North Slope oil production peaked immediately following the peak of Alaska oil 50 percent between 2004 and last year, top- to a revision of the state petroleum tax code,
20 years ago, around 8,500 people worked in production in 1988.The first Gulf War pushed ping 9,000 people. those who argued against increasing taxes,
the Alaska oil industry. With production prices up around the world, and by 1991, with “It takes more people to get a barrel of oil especially during a period of declining pro-
today down 70 percent from those highs, the oil production down 10 percent, oil industry out of the ground,” said Bill Popp, president duction, claimed it would stunt jobs growth,
oil industry now employs around 12,600 peo- employment in Alaska reached 10,700 jobs, a and CEO of the Anchorage Economic or even lead to losses.
ple in Alaska, a record for the state. milestone unsurpassed for 15 years. Development Corp. “The days of easy oil are But the revisions also expanded the tax
The difference? The price of oil today is In 1998, with prices averaging around $19 behind us.” credit program for exploration work.
five times higher than the price in 1988. a barrel and production declines gaining The upcoming drilling season, the first
Over the past two decades, the growth and momentum, oil companies started developing Other factors play into jobs where recent tax changes would factor in to
contraction of oil industry employment in a slate of new North Slope fields like Alpine, Oil prices certainly aren’t the only factor in company exploration decisions, is expected
Alaska has moved nearly in lockstep with Tarn and Badami, leading to the first year of jobs creation, of course. to be among the busiest in recent years. But
global oil prices, despite statewide produc- major jobs growth since 1991. Following that record employment year in even with recent volatility, prices remain
tion rates declining almost every year and a But as oil prices fell 30 percent that year, 1991, a restructuring among several major oil above $100 a barrel.
variety of tax and royalty systems. down to $13 per barrel, record jobs losses fol- producers in the state led to 1,300 jobs being Popp suggested Alaska might see jobs
The jobs figures come from a new report by lowed. Oil industry employment dropped cut in Alaska, even though oil prices remained growth during sustained high prices, and
the Alaska Department of Labor and below 8,000 for the first time since 1983. unchanged. And as prices remained level over could probably do little to stave off jobs cuts
Workforce Development that examines the Prices and employment don’t always run the ensuing six years, jobs cuts slowly brought during sustained low prices, but that the fiscal
role the oil industry plays as an employer in along parallel tracks, either. the industry work force back to 1988 levels. system could become a pivotal force in jobs
Alaska, both compared to other industries in Between 1994 and 1998, the oil industry in And a major oil spill at Prudhoe Bay in creation during periods of midrange prices.
the state and to other oil producing states Alaska gradually lost jobs even as oil prices 2006 led BP to hire hundreds of workers to Nevertheless, Popp believes it will take a
across the country, like Texas, Louisiana, slightly rose, albeit remaining at or near his- rebuild corroded pipelines, a project likely to few more years to see how the recent tax
California and Wyoming. torical lows. have moved forward without high prices. changes will impact jobs creation.
“We have record numbers of people in During that same time, new technologies “I think the jury’s still out on that,” Popp
Prudhoe Bay, and we’re producing a third as Alaska lags behind Lower 48 made it possible for companies to produce said.
much oil,” said Neal Fried, the state labor But while fluctuating oil prices often pre- more oil from fewer wells and with fewer
economist who wrote the report. “I just find dict jobs growth and loss, Alaska usually lags people. Fried noted in his report that the oil Growth depends on finds
that fascinating.” behind other oil-producing states in jobs industry is often ranked among the most pro- Even with continued high prices, the state
The report shows Alaska entering a phase growth. ductive industries in the country. Labor Department report suggests recent
where oil production is spread across more Last year, Texas produced nearly twice as jobs growth might be temporary without
fields and producing oil from the old giants much oil as Alaska, but employed nearly 17 Taxes still a wildcard “other major developments or discoveries.”
requires more workers than ever before. Also, times as many people. Some of that can be Although the report describes a situation As Alaska matures as a basin, however,
while Alaska follows national employment attributed to the oil company headquarters where statewide jobs growth is often at the independent companies and new players have
trends, it often lags behind the Lower 48. based around Houston and Dallas, but whim of global markets, it doesn’t address already started exploring for relatively small-
As an employer, the Alaska oil industry California under-produced Alaska by 8 per- how taxes, one of the few economic factors er reservoirs passed over by larger companies.
makes big waves with small numbers. cent last year, but still employed 60 percent the state can control, might impact the rela- New oil production from the National
The roughly 13,000 people employed by more people within the industry. tionship between prices and employment. Petroleum Reserve-Alaska and offshore
oil companies and the oil field support indus- Unlike the mix of large and small oil fields At least on the surface, changes to the state prospects in the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas
try in Alaska make up only 4 percent of the dotted across Texas and California, most of fiscal system over the past 20 years appear to and in Bristol Bay, along with a natural gas
statewide work force, but collect around 10 the oil produced in Alaska comes from just have done little to alter the basic relationship pipeline and associated gas production in the
percent of all wages earned in the state. two fields: Prudhoe Bay and Kuparuk. between prices and employment, though future would further diversify the industry in
Moreover, the oil industry accounts for near- So while Alaska supplied 14.5 percent of the whether the jobs growth could be greater or Alaska.
ly 30 percent of the total gross state product. total oil produced domestically last year, the the losses could be less is open for debate.
state is home to just one-third of 1 percent of Legislation in 1989 raising or maintaining
Prices have long driven jobs the total production sites in the country.This is the tax rate on Prudhoe Bay, Kuparuk and
Nationally, oil prices have long driven
employment, despite production rates.
probably why Alaska employed less than 3 per-
cent of the oil and gas work force in the coun-
Endicott preceded several years of rising
prices and jobs growth.
‘Joe Six-pack,’ finds
Take Wyoming, a major gas producing try in 2007. Employment at Prudhoe Bay Meanwhile, jobs losses in 1987, 1992 and representation by Palin
state with a long history of oil production. remained fairly steady between 1990 and 2004, 1999 came not only during low-price peri-
When employment fell to 6,250 in 1971, despite a gradual decline in oil production. ods, but also at times when regressive ele-
the state produced around 150 million bar- Some of that is starting to change though. ments in the prevailing tax code meant the
Spouse’s 401(k) took a hit,
rels of oil at an average price of $4 a barrel. A The past three years have seen work to state took a greater percentage of the well- vice presidential nominee said
decade later, with prices closer to $35 a barrel, bring Alpine satellites online, to develop pre- head value of each barrel of oil.
employment peaked at 22,500, even though viously uneconomic heavy and viscous oil Because tax codes don’t change as fre- ASSOCIATED PRESS
production dropped to 120 million barrels. resources and to replace corroded pipelines quently as markets, it can be hard to measure
The recent spike in oil industry jobs in at Prudhoe Bay, as well as unprecedented the direct impact on jobs, especially in the Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin portrayed herself
Alaska comes during an extended run up in activity by independents and new players. short term, according to Matthew Berman, Tuesday as a champion of everyday people
while noting her family’s stock portfolio took
a $20,000 hit last week.
“It’s time that normal Joe Six-pack
American is finally represented in the posi-
tion of vice presidency,” the Republican vice
presidential candidate told radio talk show
host Hugh Hewitt.
Palin said if she and John McCain win,
they will “put government back on the side of
the people of Joe Six-pack like me.”
Palin said she and her husband, Todd, have
been affected by the economic downturn.
“I know what Americans are going
through,” she said a day after a record 778-
OUNALASHKA point plunge on Wall Street. “Todd and I,
heck, we’re going through that right now even
as we speak, which may put me, again, kind
of on the outs of those Washington elite who
3X5 don’t like the idea of just an everyday, working-
class American running for such an office.”
Palin makes $125,000 yearly as governor,
and her husband makes about $90,000 a year
combined from his commercial fishing busi-
ness and his part-time job as a production
operator on the North Slope.
Palin said her husband’s 401(k) retirement
account lost probably $20,000 recently as the
According to the most recent state finan-
cial disclosure forms, filed March 10, 2008,
the Palins had about $164,699 in a private
investment account and $198,102 in a sepa-
rate retirement account.
October 9, 2008 www.thedutchharborfisherman.com Page 7
Unalaska residents eat until they’re blue in the face
Blueberry bash brings in
about 150 delicious entries
About 150 Unalaska bakers took advan-
tage of a bumper blueberry crop for the annu-
al Blueberry Bash on Sept. 28. They were
competing for top blueberry-baking honors,
but getting a taste of the results made every-
one a winner.
The Blueberry Bash is an event that’s half
bake-off, half dessert potlatch, and is put on
every fall by Unalaska Pride, a community-
based, grassroots organization that encour-
ages civic pride in Unalaska.
“We wanted to change the face of the com-
munity to reflect that it was people’s home, it
wasn’t just a work camp, and people cared about
the island,” said event organizer Annabelle
Wilt in explaining the origins of the Bash.
Courtesy photos/Wendy Hladick
“If you couldn’t find a blueberry Dejah and Jenna Wilson smile after winning their prize for blueberry crunch coffee cake in the
Youth 12-and-under category. Top left: Vicki Peck holds the grand prize for her blueberry
this year you weren’t looking. cheesecake
They were huge and big and
fresh off the boat (or PenAir flight) ideally, event for years.
wonderful.” who have not yet formed blueberry biases. “It’s a positive thing for the entire commu-
—Vicki Peck Then there is the School District science nity and I’m glad to be a part of it,” said Peck.
teacher who carefully weighs and measures “There were so many really nice desserts there
Wilt said that at Unalaska Pride’s first the circumferences of berries to determine and I think it says a lot about a community
group meeting in 1998, members brain- who gets the prize for the biggest blueberry. when they can come together and bake some-
stormed ideas for activities that would bring There were about 150 entrants in this year’s thing that they know will be eaten by the
the community together and celebrate the competition, about twice as many as last year. hordes.”
nature and culture of the island. Someone Wilt said that she believes that the big pool of Wilt said that every year the Bash takes on
mentioned a blueberry themed bake-off “we competitors came down to one critical factor a life of its own, but although the structure can
grabbed it up and ran with it.” (Wilt said she this year, the blueberries themselves. be “loosy-goosy” it’s always a fun time to get
Courtesy photo/Jane Bye
couldn’t remember why other island berries – Perhaps it was the snow cover over the win- together and enjoy Unalaska bountiful berries.
such as salmonberries, moss berries, or cran- ter, or the moist, cool spring, but whatever “It’s a great fun family event,” said Wilt. “I
berries – were passed over for the honor). Richard Bye’s blueberry s’mores were one of the cause, “the blueberries were so bountiful love the thought of people going up to the
Blueberry Bash entries are organized into the more unconventional blueberry treats year, it was just a fantastic blueberry season hills and picking the wild berries and going
10 categories. Some are the kind you’d expect fierce), and “miscellaneous non-edible,” a cat- this year,” said Wilt. home and creating something and entering it
in a baking contest – pies, jams and jellies, egory that’s seen blue-berry tie-died t-shirts, Two-time grand-prize winner Vicki Peck and sharing with the community.”
breads and muffin and a category for youth lip balm, play dough or blueberry jewelry. agreed.
ages 12 and under. To judge the competition, Wilt said “If you couldn’t find a blueberry this year Victoria Barber can be reached at (907) 348-2424
Other categories are more unconventional Unalaska Pride tried to select the most impar- you weren’t looking,” said Peck. “They were or toll free at (800) 770-9830, ext. 424.
– best imitation blueberry, biggest blueberry tial 18 people they can find on the island – huge and big and wonderful.”
(the competition on that one, Wilt noted, is generally that means newcomers – people Peck said that her winning recipe for blue-
berry cheesecake was inspired by the abun-
dance of two ingredients – blueberries of Have an opinion?
Prize-winning plan course, and cream cheese.
Peck said her husband “came in from Submit your items to
Want to try Vicki Peck’s grand-prize winning filling, then pour the rest into the prepared crust. Anchorage with a big thing of cream cheese,
recipe for cheesecake with fresh blueberry top-
ping? The cheesecake should be made a day
ahead and left to cool overnight in the refrigera-
tor. The toppings can be made ahead or on the
4. Roll one cup of blueberries in flour, then sprin-
kle on top of the batter and lightly push down
with the back of a spatula. Top with enough filling
to cover. This will create a blue “ribbon” when
and you don’t use three pounds of cream
cheese lightly,” said Peck.
Peck said her husband picked her all the
Fisherman The Dutch Harbor
day of serving if given enough time to cool com-
the cake is sliced.
5. Bake the cake for 1 hour, 15 minutes at 325
blueberries for her recipe, which calls for well
over a gallon to make a fresh blueberry top- (800) 770-9830
degrees with an oven-proof dish of water in the ping for one cheesecake. ﬁsherman@alaskanewspapers.com
UNALASKA BLUEBERRY CHEESECAKE oven to keep it moist and prevent cracks. The Peck said that she’s participated in the
Crust: cake is done when it set enough so that when
2 cups crushed plain vanilla wafers you jiggle the pan the entire cake jiggles as a
1/3 cup melted butter whole (not just the middle). Turn off the heat and
2 tablespoons sugar let the cake sit inside the cooling oven, then cool
it further by keeping it in the refrigerator
2 ¾ lbs cream cheese at room temperature 6. Make the topping: Cook down about 1 gallon
2 cups sugar of cleaned blueberries, starting at low heat and
1 tablespoon vanilla then increasing temperature as the juices are
1 tablespoon cornstarch released. Cook about 15 minutes or until all the
1/3 cup whipping cream berries have popped, then mash with a potato
4 eggs masher.
1 cup blueberries 7. Strain the berries twice using a cheesecloth, a
Fresh blueberry topping:
1 gallon plus 2 cups fresh blueberries
berry bag, sieve or other strainer, using a cours-
er strainer the first time and a finer one the sec-
8. Mix 2 cups of the strained blueberry juice with
5 tablespoons of cornstarch
3/4 cup sugar
Cream cheese frosting:
cornstarch and sugar, and cook until it becomes
thick and unclouded. Let the mixture cool com-
9. Gently fold in about 2 cups of fresh blueber-
ECON DEV CORP
4 ounces cream cheese
½ cup of sugar
1 teaspoon vanilla
2 cups whipping cream
ries. This should result in a topping that stiff
enough to stand on its own.
10. Carefully remove the cooled cheesecake from
the spring form pan and set on the serving dish.
Make a cream cheese frosting by mixing 4
1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees. ounces cream cheese with one half cup of sugar
2. Make the crust: mix crushed vanilla wafers and a teaspoon vanilla. In a separate dish, whip 2
with melted butter and sugar. Push the mixture cups whipping cream, and then add the cream
into the bottom and up the sides of a spring form cheese and sugar mixture. Put the frosting in a
pan. Bake crust at 350 degrees for ten minutes. pastry bag and pipe around the edge of the cake
3. Make the filling: In a large bowl, mix together (this will help prevent the blueberry topping from
the cream cheese, whipping cream, sugar, vanil- spilling over the sides of the cake).
la and cornstarch until creamy. Beat in eggs one 11. Fill in the top of the cake with the blueberry
at a time. Set aside about 1 and a half cups of the topping, and spread out to the whipped cream
Page 8 www.thedutchharborfisherman.com October 9, 2008
Photo courtesy Michelle Ridgway
Alexay Lestenkov closely examines crustaceans he collected from kelp windrows on St. George
Photo courtesy Kristi Morgan
Sarah Morgan, a Pribilof Marine Science Camp student, examines kelp tissue.
St. George Island School students sorting and pressing marine algae from their “Seaweed Safari.
the St. George Island kelp population is in
Kelp … fact a new and separate species.
Local school students, Ridgway and Pribilof
islanders have identified three small, nearshore
From Page 1 patches of the kelp. They will continue map-
ping the distribution of the mini-V kelp, as well
as initiate in situ and laboratory studies on its
hydrophone cable and the catchment end of growth, development and survival strategies.
a plankton net slipped away into the depths of “This species is a ‘missing link’ in kelp evo-
MICROPLAY Zapadni Bay. When science camp director
Michelle Ridgway went diving to retrieve the
equipment, she swam into a bed of unusual
lution in the North Pacific,” said Kawai. “Its
means of survival, ability to adjust to climate
change and reproductive processes remain a
“I knew it the moment I saw it,” Ridgway Kawai and Ridgway hope to collect fertile
said. specimens in order to attempt to culture this
Colleagues at the 2008 NPRB Marine rare species. To date, no reproductive tissue
Science Symposium had announced the find- has been found at the Kagomil site, therefore
ing of a new kelp species and genus at future studies and possibly preservation of
Kagomil Island just months before. Scientists the species may rely on lab culture in Japan or
had reported beds of the new kelp were found here in Alaska.
only around one single island in the Aleutian Meanwhile, eager student scientists have
Islands, possibly due to volcanic activity caus- continued collecting information on seawater
ing unique growing conditions for the species. conditions where it grows, surveyed beaches
Researchers assigned the common name on St. Paul and St. George islands for signs of
“golden V kelp” to the large new kelp species. the rare algae, and will prepare for more in-
Specimens collected by Ridgway, students depth exploration of the seas around their
and volunteers with the St. George Island Bering Sea island home next spring.
Science Institute were much smaller than The Pribilof Island Marine Science Camp
those described from the Aleutian popula- was led by Oceanus Alaska and supported
tion. Locals now refer to it as the “St. George through generous donations provided by the
Island mini-V kelp,” or simply “mini-V.” Pribilof School District, Traditional Council
Recognizing that the basic structure was of St. George, St. George Island Institute,
similar to the new algae, and like nothing she Society of Naval Architects and Marine
had encountered in 22 years diving in Bering Engineers, SeaPerch Organization,
Sea kelp beds, Ridgway immediately pre- Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
served and shipped tissues to the molecular University of Alaska SeaGrant, Central
geneticist who named Aureophycus, Dr. Bering Sea Fishermen’s Association, Aleutian
Hitoshi Kawai at Kobe University in Japan. Pribilof Island Community Development
On Aug. 26, his lab reported results from Association, U.S. Coast Guard R/V Healy,
examining the St. George Island kelp tissue North Pacific Research Board Bering Sea
showed that both the microscopic cell struc- Integrated Ecosystem Research Program
ture investigations and preliminary molecular research expedition III 2008, National
analysis of the rbcL sequence exhibited a Marine Fisheries Service, U.S. Fish and
“perfect match” for the new genus. Further Wildlife Service, Springboard STEM
analysis is necessary to determine whether Program and Tanaq Corp.
October 9, 2008 www.thedutchharborfisherman.com Page 9
between wild and hatchery-produced juve- on the “Deadliest Catch.” A variety of cir- crab industry and coastal communities, fed-
Crab … niles; and
• Dietary requirements of larvae and juve-
cumstances delayed this activity last season
to the point where the crab had to be taken
eral and state grants, and support from Sea
Grant, SFOS and NMFS.
From Page 1 nile king crab. through the ice offshore of Little Diomede
AKCRRAB also plans to conduct habi- Island by local subsistence harvesters with All three authors are members of the AKCRRAB
tat studies around the Pribilofs and Kodiak to assistance by Nome Alaska Sea Grant marine steering committee and were involved in the
Alaska’s king crab stocks. The project is determine the location of preferred habitats advisory program agent Heidi Herter. Just founding of the program.
focusing its research on eventually rehabili- in the two regions, continue with genetic keeping the catch alive for the helicopter ride
tating stocks of Kodiak red king crab and research and gather other information that back to Nome was quite a challenge.
Pribilof Islands blue king crab, but the tech- should significantly improve the tools avail- Funding for the project has come from a vari-
nology and research also can be used to help able to resource agencies to effectively man- ety of sources, including contributions by the
restore king crab populations in Kachemak age the king crab resources of Alaska.
Bay, Southeast Alaska or anywhere else in the The project is developing understanding of
state. hatchery-based crab culture to produce
The hatchery’s production biologists were enough healthy juvenile crab for a rehabilita-
very successful in spawning both stocks tion and enhancement program by 2011.
of crab this year, producing 40,000 juveniles Much work needs to be accomplished over
or 10 percent of the hatched larvae, compared the next three years, and some research will
to only 1 per cent in 2007. The hatchery continue beyond that point. In addition to
team’s goal for 2009 is to improve overall sur- supporting the rehabilitation goal, the
vival rates through the larval stages to more research thrust of the project will substan-
than 50 percent. tially increase the
successful hatchery I On the Web:
For comparison, a body of knowledge
available to state
program for For more information about the Alaska and federal
Chesapeake Bay blue King Crab Research, Rehabilitation and resource managers
crab produced 5 per- Biology Program, visit the Web site at: regarding the early
cent survival to the life stages of king
juvenile stage in its http://seagrant.uaf.edu/research/projects/initiat crab.
first few years. ives/king_crab/general/ The best science
At the same time, in the world by
project scientists are engaged in several pro- itself will not be enough to make the stocking
jects that will increase the information avail- of juvenile king crab a reality. That is a deci-
able to state and federal researchers and the sion that can be made only after the agen-
resource agencies that manage Alaska’s cies, king crab industry and coastal commu-
important king crab stocks. These include: nities closely examine the costs and benefits
• Studies of predation of juvenile crab by a of a rehabilitation program. AKCRRAB will
host of predators, such as rock sole and Pacific analyze the economic feasibility of rehabili-
cod; tation programs as production costs become
• Experiments with tagging, a challenge with known and critical issues such as tagging or
crustaceans that continually shed their shells; marking hatchery juveniles are resolved.
• Identification of substrate preferences of The success of producing juvenile crab is
both crab larvae and juvenile crab; the highlight of recent AKCRRAB activi-
• a cataloging of the genetic makeup of wild ties, but the harvesting of this year’s egg-bear-
king crab stocks throughout the state; ing female blue king crab from wild stocks
• Studies that examine the interaction might be the activity most worthy of a spot
Campaign tries to explain
Palin’s Putin comment HS-STATEMENT OF
Russian military incursions
non-existent in recent years
increased Russian bomber exercises — about
20 incidents in the last two years. When
Russian bombers enter that expanded area,
sometimes called the outer air defense iden-
Gov. Sarah Palin cites vigilance against
Russian warplanes coming into U.S. airspace
over Alaska as one of her foreign policy cre-
tification zone by the military, U.S. or
Canadian fighter jets are dispatched to check
them, Herritage said.
Asked about Herritage’s statement, Palin’s
dentials. But the U.S. military command in foreign policy adviser, Steve Biegun, insisted
charge says that hasn’t happened in her 21 the candidate’s position was correct. Russia’s
months in office. “old behaviors” of aggressively flying into U.S.
“When you consider even national securi- airspace have been exhibited recently, he said.
ty issues with Russia, as (Prime Minister “Gov. Palin told me that when Russian air-
Vladimir) Putin rears his head and comes craft buzz American airspace and U.S. aircraft
into the airspace of the United States of are mobilized at Elmendorf Air Force Base,
America, where — where do they go? It’s she is informed by her National Guard com-
Alaska,” the Republican vice presidential mander,” said Biegun, who did not offer any
nominee said in an interview with CBS additional explanation for the contradiction.
News’ Katie Couric. “The point she was making is that the geo-
The spokeswoman for the McCain-Palin graphical location of Alaska has unique
campaign, Maria Comella, clarified in an e- attributes. This doesn’t happen to many states
mail to The Associated Press that when in the union,” Biegun said. “Her point was
“Russian incursions near Alaskan airspace that she’s pretty up close to some of the big
and inside the air defense identification zone issues of international affairs.”
have occurred ... U.S. Air Force fighters have Herritage said Air Force officials discussed
been scrambled repeatedly.” with Palin instances of Russian planes enter-
The air defense identification zone, almost ing the buffer zone and the U.S. response
completely over water, extends 12 miles past during their annual statehouse briefing in
the perimeter of the United States. Most February.
nations have similar areas. It could not immediately be determined
However, no Russian military planes have how many times Palin had been notified in
been flying even into that zone, said Maj. real time of Russian planes having entered
Allen Herritage, a spokesman for the Alaska the buffer zone. Maj. Gen. Craig E.
region of the North American Aerospace Campbell, the adjutant general of the Alaska
Defense Command, at Elmendorf Air Force National Guard, did not immediately return
Base. calls and e-mails.
“To be very clear, there has not been any
incursion in U.S. airspace in recent years,” Get Results.
What Palin might have been referring to
was a buffer zone of airspace that extends Advertise weekly in
beyond the 12-mile strip. Although not rec-
The Dutch Harbor
ognized internationally as America’s to pro-
tect, the military watches it.
That zone is where there have been
Page 10 www.thedutchharborfisherman.com October 9, 2008
face and dropped two BIG ones in the bot-
Cutthroats … tom of the boat.”
“‘That enough?’” he asked. “We assured
From Page 1 him it was. I’d never seen anything like it.”
But he’d see a lot more like it, as the men
spent years building their own boats and
The unit was the brainchild of Col. dogsleds, hunting and fishing to feed them-
Lawrence V. Castner. selves, and getting on and off islands where
“Most people don’t realize that Castner was Japanese soldiers might be waiting.
physically crippled,” says Earl Acuff, now a “The Army had us build a dogsled for
retired brigadier general who served in Korea freighting,” says Buck. “They needed guys
and Vietnam after his Alaska Scout days. who knew how to tie rawhide. We made the
“But he knew the kind of men it would take sleds out of birch, because they would be
to get the job done out there.” durable and light. Then they took our model
Acuff said Castner wanted men who knew to a factory in the Midwest and made 10
the terrain, had unusual skills and were copies out of hickory.” He shook his head. “It
stealthy. was nice and strong wood, but too brittle in
At the beginning of the war, Acuff was sent cold weather.”
out to a remote Aleutian island to be a look- “I think we learned more from them than
out for enemy activity. After sending regular they did from us because they had all this
radio reports for a while, the Army told Acuff experience in Alaska,” said Acuff, 90, a regu-
to go silent, but then forgot that order and lar Army officer who had been stationed in
began to worry that something had happened Montana and Idaho before coming to Alaska.
to him. “The scouts were all very talented outdoors-
“So we go out there to find him – recover men. They could live and operate anywhere.”
his body is what we’re really thinking,” says Much of the Scouts work involved
Walker. “And as we approach the shore, this airstrips: Looking for the enemy’s, of course,
guy comes running down this huge moun- but also finding suitable sites for planes to
tain like it was nothing. By the time he got to use on islands near those occupied or threat-
us, he wasn’t ever breathing heavy.” ened by the Japanese.
So much for the “deceased” Acuff, who Buck said his best memories involved res-
promptly hauled the group’s gear over the cue work.
mountain to their quarters. Walker watched “I remember when a B-17 bomber crashed
in amazement the next day as Acuff collect- out there with six crew members - 29 miles
ed a crab dinner for his guests. from Cold Bay. I led the party to find them.
“I asked where his crab traps were and he They’d been out five days, and the leader said
looked at me like I was crazy,” Walker said. they wouldn’t have survived another night.
“He just stripped off and dived out of the “There was a wounded man with a head
boat. We watched him on the bottom, pick- cut – he wouldn’t allow any anesthesia. So the
ing up crabs, setting them aside, picking up medics applied alcohol and gave him six
William “Billy” Buck in wartime.
others. Then he came shooting up to the sur- stitches in his head.
“Then we had to repair the plane to fly it
out of there by stretching tarps over the wing,
which was in tatters,” he said. “I don’t know
how it worked, but it did.”
But Buck also remembers some good
times, from the camaraderie of the Scouts to
a visit by film star Olivia de Haviland, whom
he personally escorted.
The Scouts sometimes engaged the
Japanese, especially when the island of Attu
was re-taken. One Scout died in that cam-
paign, which claimed 550 American and
2,350 Japanese soldiers’ lives.
Walker remembers being in the first rubber
boat that landed on the second major island
held by the Japanese: Kiska. “But they had all
gone by the time we landed,” he said.
Later, the men returned to Fort Richardson
and helped survey western Alaska – “we were
loaned to the Navy for that,” said Buck. The
unit was deactivated in 1946.
Buck, now 87, and his two 90-year-old col-
leagues were awarded medals for their ser-
vice at the museum event. Buck now lives in
Glennallen; Walker came from Palmer and
Acuff from Virginia.
Col. Suellyn Novak, retired U.S. Air Force
ACE AIR CARGO colonel and president of the Alaska Veterans
Memorial Museum, said the project to doc-
ument the Scouts and their work started with
an oral history by Buck Delkette, a fourth
3X9 Scout who died recently and who was hon-
ored posthumously with a service medal.
Novak told the crowd that the Alaska
Veterans Memorial Museum, which has been
seeking a site and funding, might open as ear-
ly as 2011 in partnership with a National
Guard Museum at Kulis Air Force Base in
Anchorage, which is scheduled to be closed.
The Battle of the Aleutian Islands effec-
tively ended in May 1943, when American
forces defeated the Japanese at Attu Island
at the cost of about 550 American and 2,350
Japanese lives. The Army also stormed Kiska
Island in August that year, but by that time
the Japanese had already abandoned it.
Walker said he was in the lead boat for that
assault, the last major operation for the
They returned to Fort Richardson and
helped survey western Alaska until the unit
was deactivated in 1946.
Mike Peters can be reached at
email@example.com or at (907) 348-
2433 or (800) 770-9830, ex. 433.
October 9, 2008 www.thedutchharborfisherman.com Page 11
Recycling machine gives old oil new life
Invention can save villages
thousands of dollars a year
BY ALEX DEMARBAN
A program that has removed mountains
of junk from hard-to-reach villages will
expand next summer when it helps villages
along the Yukon River turn used engine oil
into valuable heating fuel.
With heating fuel costing more than $6 a
gallon in much of rural Alaska, the recycling
effort will be a bonus for villages that have
stockpiled hundreds of gallons of old oil over
The nonprofit Yukon River Intertribal
Watershed Council launched the effort in
Nenana last year, said Jon Waterhouse, coun-
cil director. It used $70,000 in mostly feder-
al grants to buy a little-known machine called
a WOTEC – short for Waste Oil To Energy
By blending used oil with a big batch of
heating fuel and cleaning the mixture, the
big, boxy machine allowed the village of 550
near Fairbanks to create more heating fuel to
warm the clinic, said Edna Hancock, tribal
The machine saved the village around
$2,000, but could have saved twice that if the Alex DeMarban/Alaska Newspapers
tribal government had more manpower, she This crew helped get junk out of Alakanuk through a program organized by the Yukon River Intertribal Watershed Council. Crowley Maritime Corp.
said. There’s a lot more old oil to process and hauls the junk for a small fee to Nenana, where the watershed council picks it up to distribute it to recycling companies. From left are Flora Phillip,
generators in town keep making more. tribal environmental director, Jessica Tyson, environmental assistant, and Gary Murphy, a temporary employee.
The savings may not sound like much, but
they can help small villages that rely on grants housing to protect it from the weather. for many villages. Tug operators like Crowley As for recycling fuel next year, she said
to leverage more state and federal support, The result is a $35,000 portable unit the and Northland Services began charging 10 people have been bringing 55-gallon drums
she said. size of an entertainment center that fits in cents a pound this year to cover increasing and buckets full of oil to a container van in
“It shows we’re being prudent and trying small airplanes. The watershed council plans fuel costs, said Waterhouse. the village. It will be good to put the oil to use
to clean up the environment around us and to fly it to several villages next year, Still, that’s far below the standard ship- so it doesn’t sit in the village for years, she
utilizing our funding in a better way,” Waterhouse said. ping cost and nothing compared to the cost of said.
Hancock said. The WOTEC machines were invented in leaving the junk in the village, said Phillip,
The oil recycling falls under the council’s 1996 after East Coast farmers sought a way the tribe’s environmental director. Alex DeMarban can be reached at 907-348-2444
backhaul program to clean the Yukon River to re-use old oil, said Otto Jacobi, one of the “Our village looks a lot healthier, clean- or 800-770-9830, ext. 444.
watershed by helping villages remove rusting inventors. er,” she said.
four-wheeler frames, beat-up trucks, old Less than 100 have been sold around the
freezers and any other rubbish that can’t be world, with many of the sales in Alaska, said
burned away. Jacobi, who owns OS Environmental in
The junk has sat in villages for decades Roanoke, Va.
because transportation costs are so high. The They’re often used by mining operations
council worried that battery acid, old oil, or at power plants with large generators that
Freon and other waste would leak onto the use a lot of oil, including at Eareckson Air
tundra and pollute the salmon-rich river, Station on Shemya Island in the Aleutians,
Waterhouse said. he said.
To remove the junk, the council in 2004 The new, portable WOTEC will help
lined up shipping firms to haul it out for free. Alakanuk, a village of 681 near the mouth of
With the council’s help, the trash ends up at the Yukon River, said Flora Phillip, environ-
recycling companies in Anchorage, Fairbanks mental coordinator for the tribal government.
and Seattle. Last month, she and other tribal workers
Getting oil out of the villages was anoth- carted junk to the river bank along their vil-
er matter. Freight companies charge high lage. They planned to get rid of dozens of
prices to move it because it’s hazardous, snowmachine cowlings, scores of tires and
Waterhouse said. rusty vehicles, plus freezers, fuel barrels and
That’s why the council installed the bicycle frames.
WOTEC machine in Nenana. After it Phillip figured the scraps – which includ-
worked so well there, the council bought a ed a red Sno Cat and a battered police truck
smaller version and paid the distributor in – amounted to some 70,000 pounds.
Alaska, Jon Ward, to create stainless steel
Alaska’s Russian neighbors protest
The backhaul program is no longer free
U.S. oil plans 2X7.5
FISHERMAN STAFF munity and greens to suspend the develop-
ment of hydrocarbons in the area until eco-
logically safe ways of transporting them from
Natives of the Russian Arctic living near the Chukotka Sea shelf are found.
Alaska fear U.S. intentions to resume devel- On Sept. 16, the U.S. House of
oping oil and gas resources on Chukotka Sea Representatives approved a bill permitting oil
shelf may lead to an ecological catastrophe, and gas development on the U.S. sea shelf
reports Russia’s RIA Novosti news agency. except for the Gulf of Mexico area. It also
According to the report, representatives of recommended that President Bush imple-
Natives in Russia’s far eastern Chukotka ment the construction of a pipeline to trans-
Peninsula have called on the American peo- port gas from the Alaska coast as soon as pos-
ple, Arctic countries, the international com- sible.
See all the news online at
Page 12 www.thedutchharborfisherman.com October 9, 2008
Senate passes legislation changing wages to locality pay
Alaska, Hawaii federal workers “Under the old version of the COLA sys-
tem, Alaska retirees simply weren’t getting the
employee’s base pay for retirement purposes.
Locality pay, on the other hand, is taxable
program to ensure that they may participate
in the new system.
helped by Stevens-Akaka bill same deal as those in the Lower 48,” Stevens income and is part of an employee’s base pay. The bill also includes language to assist
said. “Alaskan federal employees nearing This means employees in Alaska are retiring postal employees, who are not eligible to
retirement absolutely should not have to relo- at much lower pay rates than their counter- receive locality pay in the Lower 48, in retain-
ALASKA NEWSPAPERS STAFF cate in order to guarantee a better retirement. parts in the Lower 48. ing their cost of living allowances benefits in
firstname.lastname@example.org With these changes, Alaska won’t be losing The U.S. Office of Personnel Management Alaska and Hawaii. While postal employees
those highly skilled, seasoned employees.” has been seeking to slowly phase out the cost will remain under the cost of living
Retirement benefits are looking better for “Alaska’s federal employees have told us of living allowances system in favor of the allowances system rather than locality pay,
Alaska’s federal employees after a recent loud and clear that they want to receive local- locality pay system. The Stevens-Akaka leg- the 25 percent cap on cost of living
Senate vote. ity pay which counts toward retirement, like islation will speed up the process. The result allowances will no longer apply. The cost of
The Senate, on Oct. 1, unanimously federal employees in other high cost parts of will be that the new system will be fully imple- living allowances rate will follow the locality
approved legislation sponsored by Sens. Ted the country, instead of their present tax-free mented in three years rather than the seven pay rate, which is expected to be 27.65 per-
Stevens, R-Alaska, and Daniel Akaka, D- cost of living allowance,” said Sen. suggested by personnel management office. cent or higher in Alaska.
Hawaii, to replace Alaska and Hawaii feder- Murkowski. “It is important that we imple- The legislation is intended to benefit all “No Alaskan should have to worry about
al employee cost of living allowances with the ment this change now.” federal employee groups whose Lower 48 their retirement, and that is even more impor-
locality pay system that has long been in place Alaska and Hawaii are the only states in counterparts currently receive locality pay. tant with the current financial crisis,” Stevens
in the Lower 48. The legislation was co- which federal employees do not receive local- Employees who will soon be forced to retire said. “It is vital to guarantee Alaskan federal
sponsored by Sens. Lisa Murkowski, R- ity pay. Because cost of living allowances is because of age and those intending to retire employees the locality pay that they deserve.”
Alaska, and Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii. not taxed, it is not considered part of an within three years will be able to buy into the
7 Palin aides to testify in abuse-of-power probe
COMMUNITY Investigator to release began questioning him about getting rid of a Palin says the legislative inquiry has
CALENDAR results of work Friday state trooper who had gone through a nasty
divorce with her sister.
become too political and she believes that
only the state’s personnel board should inves-
The Dutch Harbor Fisherman
Monegan says he was dismissed because tigate the firing. Todd Palin has agreed to
welcomes the opportunity he wouldn’t fire the governor’s former broth- speak with investigators for that panel but
to publish information about ASSOCIATED PRESS er-in-law, but Palin contends he was dis- not for the legislative inquiry.
your community events. missed for insubordination. McCain opera- The governor has the authority to fire the
Contact The Dutch Harbor Fisherman Seven aides to Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin tives called Monegan a “rogue” who members of the personnel board.
news editor about seminars, club have reversed course and agreed to testify in repeatedly tried to work outside normal chan- Alaska’s Supreme Court, meanwhile, is
meetings, entertainment events, an investigation into whether the Republican nels for requesting money. considering whether to block the findings of
workshops and public meetings. vice presidential nominee abused her powers Lawmakers subpoenaed seven state the legislative inquiry. The high court sched-
fisherman@ by firing a commissioner who refused to dis- employees to testify in the inquiry but they uled arguments for Oct. 8 over whether the
alaskanewspapers.com miss her former brother-in-law. challenged those subpoenas. After a judge case is being manipulated to hurt Palin before
(800) 770-9830 ext. 424 There is no indication, however, that Palin rejected that challenge last week, the employ- Election Day on Nov. 4.
(907) 348-2424 or her husband will now agree to testify in ees decided to testify, Alaska Attorney The decision by the state employees to tes-
Fax (907) 272-9512 the legislative inquiry, which has dogged her General Talis Colberg said. tify will not affect that appeal, said Kevin
for the past several months and could hurt Democratic state Sen. Hollis French, who Clarkson, a lawyer for five Republican law-
Listings for the community calendar John McCain in the final weeks of the pres- is managing the investigation, said that, fol- makers who brought that challenge.
are free. The deadline for submission is idential race. lowing the court ruling, he again asked Palin The independent investigator conducting
Thursdays at 5 p.m.
the week prior to the newspaper’s weekly Palin, a first-term governor, is the focus of and her husband, Todd, whether they the probe plans to turn over his conclusions
publication date. a legislative investigation into her firing of planned to testify. on the case by Oct. 10 to the Legislative
ALASKA NEWSPAPERS INC. Public Safety Commissioner Walt Monegan “We’ve had no response,” French said Council, the body that authorized it.
301 CALISTA CT., SUITE B • ANCHORAGE, AK 99518 a year after she, her husband and key advisers Sunday.
October 9, 2008 www.thedutchharborfisherman.com Page 13
Enrollment numbers passing at charter school
Closure is called unlikely I On the Web:
as critical count goes on For more information about the
Alaska Native Cultural Charter
MATT NEVALA School, visit www.asdk12.org/schools/
The number of children attending the witnessed a steady stream of families enrolling
Alaska Native Cultural Charter School in students after they moved to Anchorage from
Anchorage appeared robust last week so as to rural Alaska in August and September. School
allow students and staff to concentrate on district and city officials recently announced
more pressing matters — things like preparing an influx of 400 new Native students have
reindeer and buffalo hides to make drums and arrived in Anchorage since the year started.
making sure every last berry collected during It is believed many of the families made
a recent harvesting trip is put to good use. the move because of higher living costs in
The Native charter school, the first of its rural Alaska, especially energy costs. Godfrey
kind in the Anchorage School District, opened said he couldn’t speak specifically about the
its critical enrollment period Sept. 29 with 156 status of those 400 new Native students.
students and ended the first week of the four-
week period Oct. 3 with 158 students.
“We’re growing and growing,” said princi- “We have to move on and not sit
pal Tim Godfrey.
The school, which teaches academics with here and think about (the
a touch of Alaska Native culture, must average enrollment numbers).”
151 students during the state’s official count- — Tim Godfrey, principal
ing period to remain eligible for state and local
funding. With only 150 students, the school is
eligible for $600,000. With 151 or more stu- “We are taking in students coming in from
dents, it’s eligible for $1.2 million. School the villages, our doors are definitely open,”
capacity would be capped at 200 students. Godfrey said. “I’m under the impression some
Enrollment numbers at the Native charter of the families are moving (to Anchorage) not
school fell below expectations when school because they want to, but out of necessity.”
opened with 133 students in August, and the Godfrey said the school will soon offer bus
Anchorage School District had hinted the service to some of the students who have dif-
school may have to close. But that plan didn’t ficulty getting to the northeast Anchorage
seem likely as the calendar turned to October. location. The school is expected to move into
“We’re marking those days off as they come,” a nearby permanent location after the winter
Godfrey said of the enrollment counting peri- holiday break in early 2009.
od. “We have to move on and not sit here and
think about (the enrollment numbers).” Matt Nevala can be reached at 907-348-2480 or Roy Corral/Alaska Newspapers Inc.
The Native charter school – open to all stu- 800-770-9830, ext. 480. The Anchorage Daily News Alaska Native Cultural Charter School kindergarten teacher Veronica Kaganak uses teaching
dents in grades kindergarten through sixth – contributed to this report. methods based in Native ways of instruction and learning.
Advocacy group assails care of Alaska Guard
Report paints problems, zations such as Veterans Affairs to ensure the benefits for Alaska National Guard members
highest level of services and care are provided.” have also increased under her leadership.
but state officials disagree The report features an introduction, an With the backing of Palin, federal law
overall list of problems and proposals for changes have also increased benefits to soldiers.
MATT NEVALA assisting the Alaska National Guard. Alaska is one of five states that provide veterans
email@example.com VFA said the greatest challenge facing the with home loans from the proceeds of issuing
Alaska National Guard members is access to the tax-exempt Qualified Veteran Mortgage
A national military advocacy group says the care. The report said: Bonds. The Alaska
post-deployment challenges facing Alaska’s * More than one- I On the Web: Veterans and Pioneers
Army National Guard are more daunting and quarter of Alaska Guard Home was accredited
widespread than any the group has seen. members live in rural To read Veterans for America’s full by Veterans Affairs, and
Veterans for America, a Washington, D.C., areas, more than 60 preliminary report, go to now qualified veterans
group originally known as Vietnam Veterans miles from the nearest http://www.veteransforamerica.org/. living at the facility will
of America Foundation, released its prelimi- Veterans Affairs (VA) have up to 30 percent of
nary report after three members of the group health care, and many their personal monthly
spent a week in Alaska. live in such remote areas that they do not expense for care paid for by the VA.
The Alaska Department of Military and
Veterans Affairs responded with an Oct. 2
statement. It said the preliminary findings
report does not appear to be comprehensive or
have access to Tricare — Department of VFA made a number of proposals to assist
Defense-sponsored military health care facil- the Alaska National Guard. Some of the sug-
ity — providers.
* For Guard members living in remote vil-
* The Alaska Native Tribal Health
scientific and is filled with inaccurate assertions
regarding the Alaska Army National Guard.
Veterans for America’s report said it
reviewed the needs of Alaska’s citizen-soldiers
lages, it can cost more than $1,500 to travel to Consortium should accept reimbursement
Anchorage for appointments. VA will reim- from the VA to cover post-combat care for
burse this money, however, the soldiers need rural Guard members who have served over-
to pay upfront. In Bethel, Alaska Native elders seas post Sept. 11, 2001.
and the resources in place to meet them. It
said the needs of Alaska’s Guard members and
their families far outstrip the available help.
“I just hope the initial reaction (to the
and local village safety officers had to help
soldiers play for their travel and lodging.
* There are no Tricare providers in the vil- of the Yellow Ribbon Reintegration Program.
lages, so as a practical matter many rural
* Palin should make the face-to-face men-
tal and physical screening mandatory as part
* The state must ensure Alaska has an ade-
report) is not defensive,” said Adrienne Willis, Guard family members lost all health care quate number of geographically-distributed
VFA’s director of communications and co- when their loved one was deployed. family assistance centers.
director of its National Guard program. “We * Alaska benefits for state employees who * Palin should expand the state state’s grant
put as many caveats on it as we can, the Alaska are deployed are paltry relative to other states. program that provides emergency financial
National Guard leadership is doing every- * Alaska’s Yellow Ribbon Reintegration assistance for Guard members and their fam-
thing is can and working extremely hard. Program, which aims to improve post- ilies.
“It’s an impossible task and we want to deployment screening and information shar- “We’re trying to help,” Willis said. “We’re
help.” ing, is just getting started. not trying to get anyone fired. We’re address-
The state called the VFA report’s conclu- Willis wouldn’t give the names of Guard ing the issues.”
sion that the Alaska Army National Guard members VFA spoke to during the trip, Willis said VFA will produce a more
should not continue to deploy in support of which included stops in Anchorage, Wasilla, detailed report sometime soon.
the global war on terror “unsubstantiated.” Fairbanks, the Kenai Peninsula, Bethel and
“We are experienced, skilled professionals Kwethluk. Matt Nevala can be reached at 907-348-2480 or
who meet the needs of Alaskans and the In defense of the findings, the state said Gov. 800-770-9830, ext. 480.
nation whenever we are called upon,” said Lt. Sarah Palin has advocated for increased bene-
Gen. (Alaska) Craig E. Campbell, adjutant fits to Alaska National Guard members. This
general of the Alaska National Guard. “The year, she signed into law a provision that waives
Alaska Army National Guard is constantly the fee for hunting and fishing licenses to
working with its soldiers, families and organi- Alaska National Guard members. Educational
Page 14 www.thedutchharborfisherman.com October 9, 2008
NEWS IN BRIEF
Workshop offers home heating help the Alaska governor’s “lifelong passion for ed for injuries. Museum of North finalists picked
An upcoming workshop offered by the the sport of hunting.” Troopers say Tom was the driver of the Three finalists have been chosen to fill the
University of Alaska Fairbanks Cooperative The pink camouflage bow weighs 3.4 ATV and Kobuk was his passenger at the director’s position of the University of
Extension Service will offer ideas and tech- pounds and is designed to accommodate time of the crash. Alaska Museum of the North.
niques to help residents lower home energy female hunters and archers. According to troopers, Tom lost control of Chosen for onsite interviews at the muse-
bills. Lakota chief executive Dick Williamson the vehicle, which dove into a ditch. Neither um in Fairbanks were:
Extension energy and housing specialist says the bow also pays tribute to women who man was wearing a helmet. * Meredith Lane, a private consultant who
Rich Seifert will lead a cold climate home- “bear the responsibility of family and work was most recently the public and scientific
building techniques workshop on Oct. 18. while strengthening the moral fiber of soci- Noorvik man faces 20 years liaison for the Global Biodiversity
The workshop will focus on insulating homes ety.” A 35-year-old Noorvik man has been Information Facility in Copenhagen,
and will cover options for retrofit, and radon The company will donate 10 percent of sentenced to 20 years in prison for sexual Denmark.
and indoor air quality, ventilation, roofs and Sarah-Cuda proceeds to the National abuse of a minor. * Frederick Sheldon, the director of the
permafrost. The workshop will run from 9 Association for Down syndrome. The 44- David Foster was sentenced in Kotzebue Louisiana State University Museum of
a.m.-5 p.m. in Schaible Auditorium. year-old Palin is a mother of five who gave Superior Court to serve 30 years in prison Natural Sciences and professor in the LSU
Participants receive a free manual with a CD. birth earlier this year to a son with the genet- with 10 years suspended and 25 years proba- Department of Biological Sciences.
For more information, contact Seifert at ic condition. tion. * Shelby Tisdale, the director of the
907-474-7201 or at firstname.lastname@example.org. Alaska State Troopers in February received Museum of Indian Arts and Culture and the
Stebbins man dies in ATV crash a report that Foster had sexually abused a vic- Laboratory of Anthropology in Santa Fe,
Company offers ‘Sarah-Cuda’ bow A 37-year-old Stebbins man is dead and tim living in his home and that the abuse had N.M.
A western Ohio manufacturer has another man injured after their all terrain occurred for more than a year. The director’s position will come open at
designed a custom-designed hunting bow vehicle crashed near the Western Alaska vil- Foster was arrested. He pleaded guilty in the end of the year with the retirement of
inspired by Republican vice presidential can- lage of Saint Michael. June. Aldona Jonaitis, who has led the museum for
didate Sarah Palin. Alaska State Troopers say Glen Tom died Noorvik is a community of 636 on the 14 years.
Lakota Industries Inc. in Xenia announced over the last weekend of September and 51- Kobuk River about 45 miles east of
its “Sarah-Cuda” bow last week in honor of year-old Leo Kobuk Jr. of Stebbins was treat- Kotzebue.
MATTER OF RECORD
Any charges reported in these statements are A drunken, mumbling man reported his wife was Saturday, Sept. 27 – 12:54 a.m. Gashmaw
accusations, and the defendant is presumed Wednesday, Sept. 24 – 3:10 p.m. An officer initi- missing and he was unable to locate his wallet, Desalegan, 35, of Unalaska, was charged with
innocent until and unless proven guilty. ated an investigation into a defendant who had which contained a significant amount of money. furnishing alcohol to a minor after officers investi-
fled the jurisdiction, contrary to court orders. 6:15 The drunken man knew where his wife was and gated a case in which two high school-age stu-
POLICE p.m. A woman called regarding her brother, from found his wallet after he looked for it. 10:31 p.m. A dents had purchased and consumed a large
Sunday, Sept. 21 – 9:57 a.m. A man called whom she had not heard for several days. Officers caller reported he heard what sounded like foot- amount of alcohol. 12:51 p.m. A caller reported
regarding his brother, who he had not seen since found the intoxicated brother at a residence and steps and a door slamming, in what should have that Geoffrey Edwards, whose court-ordered
his brother received his permanent fund dividend advised the sister of his condition. been a deserted warehouse. An officer responded release stated he was not to communicate with
check. Officers found the intoxicated brother at a and found no footprints around the door in ques- his former vessel crew, had spoken with several of
friendʼs residence and asked that he contact his Thursday, Sept. 25 – 12:56 a.m. An officer issued tion, and determined the noise was likely the wind them. Edwards, 33, of Washington, was arrested
family. 1:19 p.m. Emergency Medical Services vol- a citation to a man who was driving a vehicle with blowing the door shut. 11:17 p.m. Dispatch and charged with violating conditions of release.
unteers provided medical care to a man with a expired registration. 1:30 a.m. Officers contacted received a 911 call with suspicious background 4:45 p.m. A vehicle without a trailer was parked in
head injury. 1:20 p.m. Officers assisted EMS per- a group of intoxicated men who were arguing out- noise and conversation; attempts to phone back the vehicles-with-trailers only parking area at the
sonnel with a patient. 5:20 p.m. A landfill employ- side a bar. The men indicated the argument was were unsuccessful. When contact was finally Alyeska boat launch. An officer issued a citation.
ee advised he was doing some work which might not serious, and they left shortly thereafter. 2:38 made with the caller, he reported there was no 6:20 p.m. Unisea Security requested assistance
activate the automated fire alarms. 9:05 p.m. a.m. An abandoned vehicle was impounded at the emergency. 11:27 p.m. A caller reported what with an inebriate who refused to leave the premis-
Dispatch received a third-party request for a tow airport. 4:23 a.m. Emergency Medical Services sounded like a jet engine near the landfill. An offi- es. The management had asked that he not return
truck for a disabled vehicle blocking a roadway. volunteers provided medical care to a woman with cer responded and found nothing of interest. 11:36 because of his obnoxious demeanor and recent
a foot injury. 4:24 a.m. Officers assisted EMS vol- p.m. A man reported one of his tenants was kick- vomiting in front of the bar entrance. An officer
Monday, Sept. 22 – 2:34 a.m. A 911 hang-up call unteers with patient care. 8:59 a.m. A cat was ing doors and yelling, and then kicked the landlord. advised the man that he would be arrested if he
was received at Unalaska Department of Public turned in for adoption or destruction. 5:57 p.m. Karl Kinser, 49, of Seattle, was arrested and returned to the bar. 6:41 p.m. Dispatch received a
Safety. An officer responded to the originating loca- Smoke from burning food activated a fire alarm in charged with disorderly conduct and subsequent- parking complaint at Intersea Mall. A citation was
tion and determined there was no emergency. a city building. 10:55 p.m. A woman reported ly struck one of the arresting officers. He was addi- issued. 7:48 p.m. A caller requested a man, who
8:51 a.m. A request was received from a private someone had stolen her daughterʼs bike. The sit- tionally charged with assault in the fourth degree. had been staying at a trailer on her property, be
business to tow a disabled vehicle off the compa- uation is under investigation. 11:40 p.m. A securi- 11:40 p.m. An officer observed a man sleeping at issued a trespass advisement. An officer agreed to
ny property. An officer advised the complainant of ty officer observed two men, one of whom was a table in a bar. The man was awakened and do so if the man, who had already left the proper-
their right to tow the vehicle at their own expense. bleeding, push each other and then run into a hotel advised not to return to any licensed alcohol estab- ty, could be located. 11:02 p.m. A caller expressed
3:10 p.m. A complainant reported construction room. Officers responded, contacted the two intox- lishments this evening. 11:51 p.m. A taxi driver concern about the size of a bonfire on the beach.
equipment and vehicles were blocking a roadway. icated men and determined there had been no requested assistance with a drunken, belligerent, An officer verified that the size fell within fire safe-
An officer advised the site manager of the com- assault or other criminal activity. inarticulate fare. The responding officer attempted ty regulations.
plaint, and the situation was rectified shortly there- to discern where the man wished to go, but he
after. Friday, Sept. 26 – 12:52 a.m. An officer observed continued to create problems for the driver and Sunday, Sept. 28 – 12:19 a.m. A caller reported a
several drunken men who appeared ready to dri- was eventually asked to leave the cab. 11:59 p.m. vehicle blocking a driveway. The driver removed
Tuesday, Sept. 23 – 6:42 a.m. A caller reported a ve away from a bar. The prospective driver was An officer observed several youths behaving sus- the vehicle shortly after an officer arrived. 12:26
propane grill hanging off the road. Officers were contacted and strongly encouraged to take alter- piciously and stopped to speak with them. Two of a.m. An intoxicated man was escorted from a bar
unable to locate said item. 2:30 p.m. A report of a native transportation. He wisely chose to do so, the three exhibited numerous indicators of intoxi- and told he was too drunk to return that night to
vehicle driving off-road on OC property. An officer and the group left in a taxi. 5:04 a.m. A complainant cation and admitted to consuming a significant any licensed alcohol establishments. He left in a
advised OC personnel of the incident. 3:25 p.m. An reported a vehicle speeding in an area frequented quantity of alcohol, which they had purchased at a taxi. 2:19 a.m. An officer observed an intoxicated
officer provided a subpoena service. 5:28 p.m. A by pedestrians. Officers did not locate the suspect local liquor store. Drug paraphernalia were also man standing next to the road, and asked if he
driver reversing out of his driveway continued vehicle. 10:26 a.m. An officer conducted random found in their possession. Both juveniles were needed assistance. The man said he was simply
across the street and backed into a car parked on taxi inspections after receiving a complaint about charged with minor in possession and returned to resting.
the opposite side of the roadway. Both vehicles some cabbies offering unauthorized fares. The their father.
sustained minor damage. officer found no evidence of wrongdoing. 7:18 p.m.
Fisherman The Dutch Harbor
RATES: 50 cents per word, minimum $5 per insertion (10 words). Sales tax may apply.
DEADLINE: 12 noon, Friday, week prior
Alaska Newspapers, Inc. • 301 Calista Court, #B • Anchorage, AK 99518 • (800) 770-9830 • Fax: (800) 770-9512 • email@example.com
Aleutians Priblof Center. 9:30 AM. Dial 1-712-580-8020, access code
(314397, 10/9-10/23) 9677447. www.eckalaska.org or 1-800-LOVE
Alaska Newspapers, Inc., does not evalu- Senior Program Manager, Energy
ate or endorse the representations made Federal-State partnership seeks self-motivat-
by these advertisers. For possible infor- ed individual to be responsible for the Energy
mation, contact the Better Business Program.
Bureau at 562-0704 or the Alaska Competitive salary & full benefits.
Department of Labor at (907) 269-4900.
For more details, visit our website
JOB TITLE: Aleutian Priblof Center
www.denali.gov or submit your resume to
SOA/AMHT Administrative Assistant
DEPARTMENT: Aleutian Priblof Center,
Interior-Aleutians Campus, CRCD
GRADE: 27_75 DOE
STATUS: Regular, Full-Time, 10 Months
Refrigeration Operator / Maintenance
2X3 CLOSE: 10/27/2008
TYPICAL DUTIES: The Interior Aleutians
Campus Aleutians Priblof Center is based in
Unalaska, Alaska. This center provides edu-
Full time w/benefits
Wage DOE 16.50-23.00
Call Lori@ 907-772-4294
The Dutch Harbor
cational services at a local and regional level
for rural students in the surrounding remote
villages. This position is responsible for the
job of and coordination of front office opera-
tions, which include distance delivery com- “When God Calls, Are You Listening”, ECK-
munications, student and clerical support ANKAR teleconference worship service with (800) 770-9830
and general office management for the spiritual discussion, Sunday, October 12th,
October 9, 2008 www.thedutchharborfisherman.com Page 15
Ancient whalers leave their mark on the north
Old homesites still impact ponds in the high arctic for about 20 years.
Their goal is to track past climate by seeing
water chemistry of lakes changes in diatom species over the years.
Almost all the waters they sampled have been
NED ROZELL very low in nutrients, but lakes near aban-
For Alaska Newspapers doned Thule whaling sites are often high in
nutrients and contain many diatoms that are
The high arctic is one of the farthest places different than those found in other lakes.
from most of the 6 billion people on Earth, One lake showing evidence of ancient
but Canadian researchers have found that the whaling activity is located on Somerset Island
far north holds some of the oldest evidence of in Canada’s arctic, at a latitude farther north
human impact on a lake’s ecosystem. than Barrow.
John Smol, of Queen’s University in About 1,000 years ago, Natives from
Ontario, is a frequent visitor to Canada’s high northern Alaska moved eastward into
arctic, a treeless world of tundra, lakes, and Canada’s high arctic, bringing along their
constant winds. whale-hunting skills and tools.
From about A.D. 1200 to A.D. 1600, the The hardy people used skin boats called
Thule people—descendents of the Native umiaks, which allowed them to harpoon
whalers of northern Alaska—lived in the whales in open water. James Savelle of
area, making homes out of rocks, peat and McGill University, the archeologist on the
whale bones. Though the Thule people left team, estimated that the Thule people used
the area about 400 years ago, Smol and his up to 60 percent of each whale carcass.
Courtesy photo / J.M. Savelle
colleagues found that the ancient people “They used bones (for rafters and wall sup-
changed the water chemistry of local lakes ports), blubber for heat, and the meat as
and Thule homesites are still affecting lakes food,” Smol said. “They were an ecologically Researcher Allen McCartney stands near a dwelling made from whale bones on Bathhurst Island in
today. efficient people.” Canada’s high arctic. Scientists have found that the people who lived at these ancient sites
Smol is a scientist who reconstructs the Preserved by a climate that resembles a changed the chemistry of nearby lakes, perhaps the oldest evidence of mankind altering an
past by looking at ancient creatures preserved freezer for nine months and a refrigerator for aquatic ecosystem in Canada or the U.S.
in the muck at the bottom of lakes. He’s most the other three, the crumbled whale-bone
interested in diatoms—single-celled algae structures of the Thule are easy to find in the groups of diatoms. of the high arctic as pristine, and I think we
with cell walls made of glass. This glass, or wide-open country, and the Somerset Island The Thule people left the site about 400 now have one of the oldest records of human
silicon dioxide, makes diatoms last hundreds site contains the remains of 11 whale bone years ago, probably due to a decline in bow- impact on an aquatic ecosystem.”
of years; diatom skeletons are a major com- houses and at least 125 bowhead whales. In a head whales caused by the increasing sum-
ponent of the sediment at the bottom of lake nearby, Smol and his colleagues found mer ice cover, Savelle said. When they moved Ned Rozell is a science writer at the Geophysical
lakes. elevated levels of phosphorus, organic car- on, they left behind faint but lasting evidence Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks. This column
Smol and Marianne Douglas from the bon, and calcium. The nutrients have nur- of their stay. first ran in 2004.
University of Toronto have sampled lakes and tured the growth of mosses and certain “It’s ironic,” Smol said. “We tend to think
Top five Alaska businesses culled from ranks of Native corporations
Business magazine notes handful of Native corporations on the list,”
Cutler said. “Arctic Slope had just 55 million
Alaska Natives born before Dec. 18, 1971,
although amendments to the act allow corpo-
on three pillars: economic growth, genera-
tional transmission of values to younger
highest gross revenues in total revenue, placed No. 13 on the list and rations to extend shares to younger genera- shareholders and focus on sustainable devel-
had 400 employees. Now they employ 7,400, tions who might not have received shares as opment in the region.
MARY LOCHNER their revenues topped $1 billion, and they’re gifts or inheritance from older relatives. Today “We can balance economic development
firstname.lastname@example.org first on the list. We’ve seen other Native cor- there are 13 regional corporations and more with subsistence needs,” Sweeny said. “We pro-
porations follow this trend.” than 200 village corporations. vide a voice to ensure development takes place
The top five revenue-generating Alaska Regional corporations such as Arctic Slope on our terms, in an environmentally sound
businesses are Native corporations, and the and Bristol Bay aren’t the only boats riding on Benefits beyond dividends manner, to protect our traditional subsistence.”
top two – Arctic Slope Regional Corp. and the wave of that trend. Chenega Corp., a vil- Corporation leaders attending the awards Providing scholarships for education and
Bristol Bay Native Corp. – reported more lage corporation whose shareholders origi- ceremony noted that Native corporations vocational development is another way
than $1 billion dollars in gross revenue each nally hail from a community near Cordova, provide benefits to their shareholders that go Alaska Native corporations could invest in
for the fiscal year 2007. placed No. five on the list, with $768 million beyond merely paying out dividends. shareholders, said Bristol Bay Native Corp.
The businesses were honored as Alaska in gross revenue in 2007. The Eyak Corp, For example, Chenega’s village corporation director of shareholder and corporate rela-
Business Monthly magazine held its annual which ranked at No. 12, saw the biggest jump has played an important role in rebuilding tions Jason Metrokin. He said BBNC’s edu-
awards banquet for the state’s top 49 mon- in gross revenues out of all the AK 49ers, the community after the 1964 earthquake cation foundation paid out $230,000 in
ey-makers on Sept. 29 at the Dena’ina expanding from $95.73 million in gross rev- tsunami, director of corporate communica- scholarships last year to shareholders.
Convention Center in Anchorage, in part- enues in 2006, to $231.01 million in 2007 — tions Karen Rogina said. The natural disaster Chenega Corp. and ASRC also have schol-
nership with the Anchorage Chamber of a 141 percent increase. claimed the lives of 26 members of the arship programs for shareholders.
Commerce. Alaska Native corporations were formed as Chenega village, and many of the villagers Ensuring that regional and village corpo-
Out of the 49 Alaska businesses that made part of the 1971 Alaska Native Claims were displaced, although some settled back rations are financially sustainable for future
the list, 18 were Alaska Native corporations. Settlement Act, which was passed by Congress in Chenega Bay, Karen Rogina said. The vil- generations is part of what drives Native cor-
Businesses that made the list represented to settle the land claims of indigenous tribes, lage corporation, founded in the 1980s, helps porations to succeed, said company represen-
$11.8 billion in total combined annual rev- who were, in some cases, being encroached maintain a sense of community among the tatives at the AK 49ers awards banquet.
enue, and of that total, Alaska Native corpo- upon by competing land claims of the state of people of Chenega, invests money in cultur- “It’s important for the corporation that we
rations comprised $7.8 billion. Alaska after the Statehood Act. As part of the al preservation programs, and has helped to continue to stay the course as defined by the
Debbie Cutler, editor of Alaska Business federal settlement, Alaska Native groups gave rebuild the new village site, Rogain said. board of directors,” Sweeny said. “It’s the
Monthly, said Alaska Native corporations up claims to most of the lands and received, in Tara Sweeny, Arctic Slope Regional Corp.’s integration of Inupiat values, a strong busi-
have come up in a big way since the magazine exchange, certain assets, including the option vice president of external affairs, said the cor- ness sense and disciplined approach to invest-
started publishing the list, called the AK to form regional and village corporations in poration works to promote its shareholders’ ment, that will allow us to handle the chal-
49ers, 24 years ago. part with money from the federal government. Inupiat heritage and traditional way of life. lenges of the future.”
“When we first started, there were only a Shares were originally made available to She said ASRC based its 2007 strategic plan
Page 16 www.thedutchharborfisherman.com October 9, 2008