The Government of Australia
The United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
(January 2010 – December 2010)
PROJECT INFORMATION SHEET
Project Title: Partnership Framework between the Government of Australia and
the United Nations, secretariat of the International Strategy for
Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR)
Reporting Dates: January 2010 – December 2010
Project Duration: 2008-2010
Project Amount: For 2010 – AUD 2,000,000
Overall – AUD 5,000,000
Project Start Date: 17 March 2008
Project End Date: 16 March 2011
Person responsible German Velasquez
for completing the Senior Regional Coordinator
report: UNISDR Secretariat Asia and the Pacific Office
(name, title, office UNESCAP Building, 4F section B, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue,
address, phone, fax Bangkok 10200 Thailand
and e-mail) Tel: 66-2-288-2750, Fax: 66-2-288-1050
Report Preparation 28 February 2011
I. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE OF THE PROJECT
Following the recommendations of the AusAID Report on “Disaster Risk Management Needs
in the Asia Region”, the Government Australia in August 2007 announced a financial
contribution of 5 million Australian Dollars to the UNISDR Asia Pacific Secretariat.
Subsequently, a Partnership Framework between AusAID and UNISDR Asia Pacific (AP)
was finalized, identifying the shared objectives and main areas of collaboration at the regional
and national level in the years from 2008 – 2010.
II. OVERALL PROGRESS OF THE PROJECT
UNISDR-Asia Pacific (AP) has established its role and strengthened its reputation as a critical
stakeholder to progress in disaster risk reduction. UNISDR Asia Pacific is seen as a
torchbearer and may well be the regional authority for disaster risk reduction. Our
performance, defined as progress towards achievement of results, is geared towards a singular
goal of building safer and more resilient nations and communities in Asia and Pacific.
UNISDR Asia Pacific activities are focused on influencing national policies as well as
making communities better prepared for disasters or better able to prevent and mitigate
During 2010, UNISDR Asia Pacific has worked to further rationalize our operations,
supporting the organization of the Asia and Pacific Regional Platforms for DRR,
strengthening systematic partnerships with inter-governmental sub-regional organizations
such as the South Asia Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), the Association of
Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and the Pacific Islands Applied Geoscience Commission
(SOPAC). During the reporting period the resilient cities and the one million safe schools and
hospitals campaign was also launched in the region and systematic engagement of countries
and stakeholders has already resulted in increased levels of commitment and awareness of
UNISDR Asia Pacific focused on ISDR system coordination and resource mobilization,
advocacy and partnerships, strategic information and guidance, and an effective UNISDR
secretariat. During 2010, we have taken on board and acted on many of the recommendations
of the evaluations of the UNISDR Asia Pacific office to further improve the effectiveness and
relevance of its work in the region.
UNISDR Asia Pacific has contributed to the creation of a culture of good practice and
sharing. Knowledge transfer and sharing of lessons learned drive the paradigm shift from
response and relief to preparedness and mitigation. Networking and inter-governmental
mechanisms facilitated by UNISDR Asia Pacific effectively heightens awareness about
national policies and legal framework and provides opportunities for benchmarking. Aligning
disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation, previously thought impracticable, the
integration of both disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation for a nation’s
development is made possible with the UNISDR Asia Pacific as facilitator and the United
Nations Country Team as development partner. This is underpinned by a strong advocacy
approach, which has not only proved to be effective, but has also been recognized by many
stakeholders as a key strength of the secretariat.
B. Progress towards Strategic Goals and Operational Objectives and
Disaster risk reduction accepted and applied for climate change adaptation
Enhanced political commitment and national investment in climate-related DRR
UNISDR’s long-term engagement, advocacy with and technical support to
governments and organizations have resulted in the formal endorsement of disaster
risk reduction as a necessary tool for climate change adaptation. Globally the Cancun
Adaptation Framework under the climate change convention identified DRR and HFA
as tools for improving and promoting climate adaptation. Similar recognition
happened at the regional level, Asia Pacific platforms endorsed DRR approaches as a
tool for adapting to climate change. Nationally, six countries have formally
recognized and have taken concrete action to use DRR for adapting to climate change.
CCA experts included in National Platforms/ coordination mechanisms for DRR
and DRR-CCA duly integrated into NP's work.
High-level advocacy for DRR/CCA mainstreaming
In 2010, UNISDR advocated with several Governments on the mainstreaming and the
integration of DRR and CCA in development policies and planning
UNISDR continued to work with the UN Country Team, AusAID and other partners
in Viet Nam to promote the development of a joint National Platform on DRR and
CCA. After the first high level National Forum in 2009, which was hosted by the
Deputy Prime Minister and the Ministers of MARD and MONRE, a follow-up
meeting was held in June 2010 to prepare for the launch of the platform in 2011.
Working closely with the UN Country Team in Thailand, UNISDR has successfully
promoted for the integration of DRR and CCA into the UNPAF (UN Partnership
Assistance Framework) for Thailand 2012-2016. Climate Change including climate
change adaptation and disaster risk reduction is one of the six result areas of the
UNPAF, responding to main objectives of Thailand’s 11th National Socio-Economic
Development Plan (NESDP) that is “to prepare the people and the community to be
resilient to changes”.
Working closely with the Climate Change Commission, the National Disaster Risk
Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) and the Philippine Senate, UNISDR
has been promoting the improved linkages between DRR and CCA in the Philippines.
This has resulted in several discussions between the PCCC and the NDRRMC and a
proposal for the signing of an MOU between the 2 entities in 2011.
UNISDR has started discussion with Indonesia National Platform on DRR (PLANAS)
on the organization of a high level national forum to explore the expansion of the
PLANNAS to also address CCA.
UNISDR together with the UN Country Team assisted Maldives to develop the first
joint DRR and CCA Strategic National Action Plan, which is now awaiting approval
by the Cabinet. This document has already been integrated into the next UNDAF of
Fiji and Samoa
The UN Country Teams in Fiji & Samoa have agreed to develop a Joint UN
Programme on Climate Change under the Regional UNDAF. UNISDR is a member of
the Task Team to oversee the development on the programme concept (draft
disseminated for comments to UNCT in May). The integration of climate change
adaptation and disaster risk reduction will be one of the key issues to be addressed
under the programme. UNISDR and the UNDP Pacific Centre are planning to
collaborate in the development of a proposal under the joint programme that will
focus on implementing some of the recommendations of the Pacific DRR/CCA
Institutional and Policy Review.
In addition, UNISDR assisted the Samoa Disaster Management Office and UNDP
with mainstreaming DRR and adaptation during a Village Planning exercise which
took place from 9-12 March in Mutiatelle– a community affected by the 2009
Tsunami. The CCSDP is a joint UN programme to which UNISDR is an
UNISDR was invited by the Government of Fiji to present on the ‘Linkages between
Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction’ at the Capacity Building
Training Workshop on Vulnerability & Adaptation, held in Suva, Fiji. UNISDR was
suggested to become a member of the Technical Working Group on Vulnerability &
Adaptation Assessment for preparing the 2nd National Communication.
UNISDR provided guidance and technical assistance to SOPAC and SPREP towards
a common approach to the Mid-Term Reviews of the two Regional Frameworks for
Action on Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction.
Improved availability of information on climate-related risk and risk-reducing
Information products available on DRR and CCA in UNISDR managed/sponsored
online information management systems have increased significantly. Preventionweb
is a unique tool for DRR professionals to directly receive climate related information,
allowing the ability to search, categorize and share the latest information from around
the world. This is a unique service targeted to DRR professionals.
Lessons learned and good practice documents on DRR-CCA developed and
Guidance materials, sound practice and lessons learned on DRR-CCA
Together with UNESCAP, UNISDR developed the first edition of the Asia Pacific
Disaster Report 2010, which was launched on 26 October 2010, at the opening
ceremonies of the 4AMCDRR in Korea. The report notes that people in the Asia-
Pacific region are four times more likely to be affected by natural disasters than those
in Africa and 25 times more likely than those in Europe or North America. The report
further notes that while the region generated one quarter of the world’s GDP, it
accounted for a staggering 85 per cent of deaths and 38 per cent of global economic
losses due to natural disasters over the last three decades. The report can be
downloaded here: http://www.unescap.org/publications/detail.asp?id=1406
Together with UNOCHA and IFRC, UNISDR developed a Pacific Policy Brief for
COP 15. The Policy brief was finalized jointly, and disseminated to national DRR and
CC Focal Points as well as regional partners prior to COP 15. Positive feed-back was
received on the usefulness of the briefing paper. The brief can be downloaded here:
UNISDR developed a Regional Institutional and Policy Mapping of DRR-CCA.
These reports provide a regional review of the institutions and policies related to both
DRR and CCA in Asia and the Pacific. This was requested by countries as a
background for the preparation of the Incheon Roadmap on DRR-CCA, an outcome
of the 4AMCDRR. The reports are available here: http://www.unisdr-
The recently launched DRR Projects Portal (refer to 2.2.2) aims to capture CCA
projects in the Asia Pacific region building on the process already carried out for DRR
initiatives. This will provide additional support not only to the in-country climate
focal points but also to DRR practitioners while programming and developing
Objective 2: Coordination Mechanism
Measurable reduction of disaster losses achieved through optimal investments in
Increased demand for disaster-risk sensitive development plans in sectors and
The Global Assessment Report 2011 is in final phase of its completion and the global
launch is planned during the third session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk
Reduction in 10 May 2011. There have been measurable increases in the use and
popularity of PreventionWeb.net with 130% increase in content submissions from
partners and 75% increase in the number of users. Email subscription services now
have over 2,800 subscribers. PreventionWeb now has over 87,000 users and 227,000
page views per month. Over 25,000 DRR professional uses the service more than
once per week
GAR II and Economics Study launched and disseminated in the Asia Pacific region
Regional study for GAR 11
Regional preparation study for GAR 11 completed with country summaries in 10
ASEAN countries and 8 SAARC countries. In-depth studies were carried out in
Cambodia and Sri Lanka, aligning the issues from GAR 11 which are priority to these
2 countries. The in-depth studies provide specific recommendation on downscaling of
GAR 11 by the main DRR/CCA/Development stakeholders.
Launch of the Economics Study
The joint World Bank – UN study “Natural Hazards, Un-Natural Disasters: The
Economics of Effective Prevention” was launched in Bangkok in December 2010,
with plans for further regional and national launches in 2011.
Prevention web recognized and used as a common platform for exchange of
information on investments into DRR
Briefing to DIPECHO partners related to the 7th DIPECHO call for proposals on 12
February 2010. Offered partners the services of Prevention Web for use in the project
implementation and dissemination of results, during the briefing.
Prevention web team participated in the IAP meeting where discussions were held
with system partners on mechanisms for stronger information sharing. Prevention web
has also been linked to the Disaster risk reduction project portal being developed by
ADPC and under the leadership of ISDR. The aforementioned portal was launched at
the 4AMC and a detailed discussion on the linkage was held with the IMU team
during the market place meeting. Further discussions are as well continuing with
ESCAP towards linking the same with Asia pacific disaster gateway whenever ready.
As of now, IDD/ESCAP is still working on the detailed design. Finally, the Asia
pacific team has contributed on a regular basis to the prevention web updating events,
publications, news etc.
DRR Project Portal
Under the ISDR Asia Partnership (IAP) partners, UNISDR assisted in the
development of the online DRR Project Portal, The Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)
Project Portal aims to collect information on all multi-country and national level DRR
projects and initiatives in Asia and the Pacific implemented since 2005. By facilitating
information sharing in Asia and the Pacific, the Portal aims to advance the Hyogo
Framework for Action (HFA) strategic goals. This Portal will help in effective
planning, programming, and cooperation and collaboration of DRR projects and
programmes, which is essential for governments, organizations and donors involved
in implementing and supporting DRR projects and programmes in the region. It will
also be a useful re-source for academics, students and the media for obtaining an
overview of the type of DRR projects being implemented in the Asia Pacific region.
The portal’s pre-launch was held in the Pacific during the Pacific Platform for DRM
in August 2010 in Suva, Fiji and the Global launch was held at Incheon, Republic of
South Korea at the 4th Asian Ministerial Conference. In 2011 the project portal would
be as available through the Prevention Web.
The portal can be viewed here: http://drrprojects.net/drrp/drrpp/home
Pacific Disaster Net (PDN)
Developed and finalized grant agreement with SOPAC to support in the re-design of
the Pacific Disaster Net and other information systems supported by the SOPAC
Disaster Risk Programme. The PDN re-design looks at opportunities to enhance and
improve the user friendliness of Search and Navigation and other current
functionalities, implementing new functionalities, and as well preparing for
integration and with other systems. In addition, the PDN will be redesigned to
accommodate French language functionalities which have arisen through the
‘expansion’ of the PDN usage into the Pacific French territories. Opportunities will be
taken to facilitate linkages with the Prevention Web.
ASEAN DRR Portal
The ASEAN DRR Portal aims to facilitate and encourage knowledge generation,
sharing, and exchange on disaster risk reduction among relevant stakeholders in the
ASEAN region. By building a strong community of practice and knowledge exchange
platform on disaster risk reduction in the region, the portal can help respond to the
aim of the Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response
(AADMER) Work Programme which is to enhance disaster consciousness so that a
culture of safety and resilience can be instilled among the peoples of ASEAN. The
portal will be launched in February 2011 at the next ACDM meeting. This initiative is
made possible through the ASEAN-UNISDR Technical Cooperation for the
Implementation of the Hyogo Frame work for Action (HFA). This portal would be
made available through Prevention web later in 2011.
SAARC Disaster Knowledge Network (SADKN)
South Asia Disaster Knowledge Network is in the final stage of completion, as the
common platform for knowledge sharing among the SAARC member countries. The
portal hardware installation at the SAARC Disaster Management Centre is completed,
and partner agreements have been signed with 7 countries. The portal includes real-
time disaster data, disaster updates, and information on more than 6 thematic areas.
The partnership arrangements include engaging organizations and institutions within
and outsides the governments of the SAARC member countries that are engaged in
collection, creation, dissemination and applications of different aspects of knowledge
on disaster management. SADKN will be launched at the Global Platform for DRR in
International and national commitments for disaster risk reduction are
increased, using benchmarks for promotion.
More than 30 countries in Asia Pacific used the HFA monitor over the past year to
report on the progress made in the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for
Action, with 3 Inter-Governmental Organizations participating in the sub-regional
HFA progress review. In addition, the HFA review process at the local level has
started in 2 pilot countries including in a number of participating cities of the “Making
Cities Resilient: My City is getting Ready!” campaign. This Government-owned and
Government-led process at the regional, national and local level has resulted in the
strengthening of disaster risk reduction actions within 1 regional agreement with
ASEAN and within 09 national instruments in the Brunei, Cook Islands, Marshall
Islands, Nepal, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Vietnam.
National, sub-regional and regional HFA progress reports developed and submitted
Technical Support and HFA Reporting Follow-up
Seven countries, from South Asia (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal,
Pakistan, and Sri Lanka has already submitted Interim HFA Progress Report for 2009-
2011, developed in consultation with stakeholders in the countries. UNISDR extended
technical support for facilitating multi-stakeholder National level workshops as
requested by Maldives and Pakistan. Consultation process has already been initiated
in Afghanistan and the report is expected in March 2011. Afghanistan is experiencing
institutional constraints due to the change of the HFA Focal point, and the time gap
till the new focal point is appointed. Technical assistance of the UNESCAP DRR
advisor in coordination with UNISDR was also made available to the HFA review of
two LDCs in the South Asia sub region, Bhutan and Nepal, on request from the
relevant Ministries to the UNESCAP.
South East Asia
In South East Asia, 06 countries (Indonesia, Lao-PDR, Myanmar, Philippines, Timor-
Leste and Vietnam) have already submitted their Interim HFA Progress Report for
2009-2011, after consultation process. While 04 countries (Brunei, Cambodia,
Thailand and Malaysia) are still in process of consultation with the stakeholders in the
countries. These countries are expected to submit their final report for 2009-2011 in
March 2011. Out of the 6 reports submitted, UNISDR provided direct support to two
countries (Myanmar & Lao-PDR) in organizing multi-stakeholder workshops at
In Pacific, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji and Solomon Islands have submitted their
Interim HFA Progress Report 2009-2011, to the online HFA Monitor. Draft Interim
Reports in Cooks Island, Marshall Islands and Vanuatu have been prepared through
multi-stakeholder consultation and are being finalized for submission to the online
HFA Monitors. In Papua New Guinea and Samoa, the HFA consultation process has
been delayed and is expected to be done in early 20111.
Note the Samoa report was finalised in March 2011.
In addition to South Asia, South East Asia, UNISDR is following-up with China, Iran,
Japan and Korea for the submission of their HFA Progress Reports for 2009-2011.
Among these countries, China has already submitted its Interim HFA Progress Report,
while other countries are still in process of stakeholder consultations. These countries
are expected to submit final HFA Progress Report for 2009-2011 cycle by April 2011.
Regional Progress Report:
SAARC has submitted the Sub - regional Interim HFA Progress Report for 2009-
2011, while ASEAN and SOPAC have commenced with the information collection
and stakeholder consultations for the preparation of their respective sub-regional
synthesis reports. The final reports will be available by end of March 2011. SOPAC
has chosen not to follow the regional reporting structure developed by UNISDR but
use the structure of the Pacific Regional DRM Framework for Action as the basis for
the report preparation.
HFA Utilization Studies
Studies on utilization of HFA and 2009 GAR were completed in South East and South
Asia and findings were shared at the IAP meeting held in March 2010 for feedback.
Based on this feedback, UNISDR has initiated the incorporation of the study findings
into the guidance notes for HFA 2009-11 reporting. Findings of the study were also
shared with the main stakeholders from Asia Pacific for management response.
A study was conducted in the Asia Pacific to review the capturing of the cross cutting
issues in the HFA in the 2007-09 reporting cycle by the Gender Thematic Working
Group of the Regional Coordination Mechanism (RCM), and UNIFEM. The
recommendations were provided to the UNISDR Focal team on HFA Monitor for
incorporation in the guidance provided for the 2009-11 cycle, and shared for Peer
review at the Gender Thematic Working Group of the RCM.
Methodology to measure national and international investments in DRR developed
with regional inputs and applied by countries in Asia and Pacific
SNAPs/UNDAF/NPs/Legislation/Joint investment planning
SNAP of Maldives has been sent to Cabinet, as stated by the Minister in his statement
at the 4 AMCDRR. Afghanistan SNAP is nearing completion; country stakeholder
consultations have been completed, led by the National Platform Afghanistan and
drafting in process. The SNAP development is carried out in consultation and
coordination with UNDP BCPR regional advisor for South Asia , who provided inputs
to the methodology and the process.
The draft SNAP of Brunei is now available and has been submitted to the cabinet for
approval. With Brunei 7 out of 10 countries in South East Asia now have a national
action plan. ISDR has initiated the process of converting the SNAPs to investment
plans with Philippines as the pilot.
The Joint Work Planning in Nepal: The Govt of Nepal has appointed a Steering
Committee to coordinate the Nepal Risk Reduction Consortium, and the Flagship
progamme. The Flagship Programme has been expanded with detailed plans ready
for submission for financial support to close the funding gap. As proposed at the Bi-
laterals with SRSG in Incheon, a high-level event for fundraising for the Flagship
Programme is getting finalized- meeting is scheduled for 13-14 February. Two new
members have joined the consortium- the EC and the Govt. of USA.
UNISDR Asia Pacific has been capacitated on incorporating DRR in the UNDAF
process and our staff is also part of the roster of the UN System Staff College.
UNISDR is planning to utilize this resource to assist countries for incorporating DRR
in the UNDAF 2011. These countries include India, Nepal, Pakistan, the Pacific (Fiji
and Samoa), Bangladesh and Mongolia.
UNISDR Asia Pacific has provided inputs into UNPAF of Thailand, the UN Country
Team retreat to prepare UNDAF in Maldives. These will serve to determine
modalities for providing DRR inputs into the upcoming UNDAF in the region.
Following the calls for increasing investment in DRR and knowing the complexity in
the process, UNISDR has initiated the process of conducting pilots in India &
Philippines to capture the existing financial mechanisms in at the national, local and
community levels, for allocating & tracking investments on DRR with regard to
stand-alone (explicit) & mainstreamed (implicit/embedded) investments. The pilots
would as well help propose indicators adaptable to Planning and Finance to ensure
effective investments at national level and recommend a framework for allocating &
tracking both the types of investments (stand alone & embedded). This process will
provide a mechanism for other countries and donors on the investment process and
requirements at a later stage.
Asian Ministerial Conference
The 4th Asian Ministerial Conference successfully concluded on 28 October 2010
which brought together more than 800 representatives, including approximately 200
representatives from National Governments (essentially DRM/DRR focal points but
also from Ministries of Finance, Planning and Environment), 500 from International
Organizations, Academia and Civil Society. Prime Ministers of Bhutan and Korea
graced the opening. 16 side events (addressing climate smart DRR, gender, risk
assessment and vulnerability mapping), 4 pre-conference events with Inter-
Governmental partners and Media Training, as well as 3 special sessions were held in
the context of the Ministerial.
The Special Sessions organized by UNISDR with the support of the ISDR Asia
Partnership (IAP, the operational arm of the Asian regional Platform on DRR)
focused on Accelerating HFA progress, Increasing investment in DRR and Safer
cities. Two press releases were issued during the conference. Amongst others the
AMC adopted a Ministerial Declaration and Roadmap and a specific action plan to
support the implementation of the roadmap. The 5th Asian Ministerial Conference on
Disaster Risk Reduction will take place in Indonesia.
ISDR Asia Partnership
The 1st IAP meeting for 2010 was held from 24-26th March. This IAP meeting
included a one-day review of HFA and briefing on the Mid-Term Review of the HFA.
The meeting was attended by more than 70 participants encompassing various system
partners. Apart from regular updates on ongoing activities by IAP members the
meeting also discussed the World Disaster Reduction Campaign on Making Resilient
Cities, the One Million Safe School and Hospitals Initiative as part of the Campaign,
and Prevention web.
Under the umbrella of IAP, a technical experts meeting was as well organized to seek
feedback from various DRR & climate change related organizations on the
background documents developed for the 4th AMC.
The 2nd IAP meeting was conducted in August 11-13 in Incheon which focused on
the finalization of the AMC road-map, action plan and declaration. The meeting also
focused on the preparation of the 4th AMCDRR. For details of the meeting please
Pacific Platform for Disaster Risk Management
The Pacific Platform meeting was held from 9 – 13 August 2010 in Suva, Fiji. The
Platform was co-convened by SOPAC and UNISDR and conducted in two parts.
Firstly the 16th Regional Disaster Managers Meeting titled “Professional
Development Workshop for Disaster Managers” took place from 9 – 11 August
(Closed Meeting for Regional Disaster Managers and SOPAC Community Risk
Programme). Secondly the 5th Pacific Disaster Risk Management Partnership
Network Meeting from the 12 -13 August 2010. The theme of the meeting was
“Enhancing the Implementation of the Pacific DRR and DM Framework for Action
through a Multi Stakeholder Approach”. The Platform was attended by over 60
regional partners and 17 representatives of Pacific island countries and territories.
UNISDR contributed in preparation of the meeting agenda; message by UNSRSG for
DRR; report of Pacific Delegation at the 2009 Global Platform; session facilitator on
MTR of Pacific Framework for Action on Climate Change; consultation on RFA and
HFA Mid-term review; partners expo; co-sponsorship of PICs travel. For a summary
of key recommendations please visit the related link:
Schools and hospitals are safe from disaster risks
Disaster-resilient cities, schools and hospitals
UNISDR worked to raise the profile of local governments’ work in reducing disaster
risk and building resilience by targeting mayors and city councils, through the ISDR
World Disaster Reduction Campaign “Making cities Resilient: My City is getting
ready!” which is boosting efforts to develop and implement local resilience strategies.
Eighty Eight 88 local governments are presently engaged in this Campaign, with 08
role model cities engaged and helping other cities build resilience through the sharing
of their sound practices in local disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation.
The campaign has attracted the interest of many stakeholders. 20 partners at regional
level are supporting the campaign implementation. UN agencies including UN-
HABITAT, UNDP, UNEP, WHO and UNICEF are key partners along with city
associations and organizations. NGO networks, grassroots organizations, National
Platform for disaster risk reduction and other UNISDR partners are also engaged in
Biennial campaign on Safer Cities launched and related national and regional
events including International Day for DRR organized and supported by local
International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction
South and South East Asia
All ASEAN countries and 5 countries from South Asia entered the My City, My
Future: Making Cities Safe from Disasters. 88 essays were submitted to the essay
competition on the theme of “The Role of Youth in Urban Disaster Risk Reduction”.
The drawing and essay winners were given prizes and certificates in the morning of
13 Oct 2010 at the UNCC, Bangkok. Prizes were contributed by Siam Commercial
Bank, Islamic Bank of Thailand, Bangchak Petroleum Company, Unilever Thailand
and Thai Airways International. Exhibition of the drawings was organized for both
national and regional drawing winners at the UNCC.
In the afternoon of IDDR, UNISDR together with UNHABITAT, ADPC and ESCAP
organized Thailand Launch of the World Disaster Reduction Campaign on Making
Cities Resilient “My City is Getting Ready”. There were in total 9 city mayors signing
up to the Campaign with two cities - Bangkok and Phuket signing up as a Role Model
City. Besides, there was a formal awarding of “Making Cities Resilient” Champion to
all Bangkok governors who have contributed immensely in making Bangkok a safer
place for many urban communities. A Panel Discussion on Making Cities Resilient
was also held on flood and landslide threats with the presentation of signing city
mayors and their representatives.
The International Day for DRR was celebrated on 13th October 2011 by the regional
launch of the Making Cities Resilient campaign at the Commonwealth Local
Government Forum’s (CLGF) 2010 Pacific Symposium in Port Vila, Vanuatu.
UNISDR and UN-Habitat facilitated a technical working group session, titled
“Building Urban Resilience to Disasters and Climate Change”. About 30 Local
Government leaders and participants from around the region discussed ways to build
urban resilience in Pacific island countries and were encouraged to sign up to the
Making Cities Resilient campaign and commit to addressing one or more of the Ten
Essentials to make their community more resilient. During the conclusion of the
session, a number of local governments expressed their interest in signing up to the
campaign. The Day was also commemorated in Fiji as part of the National Disaster
Awareness Week 2010.
Making Resilient Cities Campaign
By the end of December 2010, 88 provinces, cities and municipalities have joined the
resilient cities campaign in Asia and Pacific, as follows:
Asia 51. Muang Had Yai Municipality, Songkhla,
1. Abra Province, Philippines Thailand
2. Albay, Philippines 52. Muang Samutprakarn, Samutprakarn,
3. Bangkok, Thailand Thailand
4. Baofeng County, Henan Province, P.R. 53. Mumbai, India
China 54. Muzzafarabad, Pakistan
5. Barisal, Bangladesh 55. Nagaoka, Japan
6. Bhatinda, Punjab, India 56. Nanded, Maharashtra, India
7. Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India 57. Nawalparasi District, Nepal
8. Bukidnon Province, Philippines 58. Northern Samar Province, Philippines
9. Cagayan Province, Philippines 59. Nueva Viscaya Province, Philippines
10. Camarines Norte Province, Philippines 60. Occidental Mindoro Province, Philippines
11. Chandigarh, India 61. Oriental Mindoro Province, Philippines
12. Chengdu, China 62. Palawan Province, Philippines
13. Chennai City, Tamilnadu, India 63. Patiala, Punjab, India
14. Chitwan District, Nepal 64. Pasig, Philippines
15. Colombo, Sri Lanka 65. Patong, Thailand
16. Cotabato Province, Philippines 66. Pilar Municipality, Cebu, Philippines
17. Dagupan City, Philippines 67. Poro Municipality, Cebu, Philippines
18. Delhi, India 68. Pune, Maharashtra, India
19. Dhaka, Bangladesh 69. Rizal Province, Philippines
20. Dumangas, Iloilo, Philippines 70. Saijo, Japan
21. Galle, Sri Lanka 71. Saint Bernard, Southern Leyte, Philippines
22. Gangtok, Sikkim, India 72. San Francisco, Cebu, Philippines
23. Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India 73. Sangli, Maharashtra, India
24. Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India 74. Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
25. Haripur, Pakistan 75. Siliguri, West Bengal, India
26. Howrah, West Bengal, India 76. South Cotabato Province, Philippines
27. Huysatyai Community, Prachuap Khiri 77. Southern Leyte Province, Philippines
Khan, Thailand 78. TAO Mae Poon, Uttaradit, Thailand
28. Hyogo Prefecture, Japan 79. TAO Toong Yang, Uttaradit, Thailand
29. Ilocos Sur Province, Philippines 80. Tehran, Iran
30. Jalgaon, Maharashtra, India 81. Thimphu, Bhutan
31. Jamalpur, Bangladesh 82. Tudela Municipality, Cebu, Philippines
32. Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India 83. Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
33. Kabul, Afghanistan 84. Zambales Province, Philippines
34. Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India 85. Zamboanga Del Norte Province,
35. Kalinga Province, Philippines Philippines
36. Kalutara, Sri Lanka
37. Kandy, Sri Lanka Pacific
38. Karachi, Pakistan 1. Cairns, Australia
39. Kathmandu, Nepal 2. Lake Maquarie City, Australia
40. Khammam, Andhra Pradesh, India 3. Lami, Fiji
41. Kobe, Japan
42. Maguindanao Province, Philippines
43. Makassar, Indonesia
44. Makati City, Philippines
45. Male, Maldives
46. Mashhad, Iran
47. Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
48. Mountain Province, Philippines
49. Muang Chiang Rai Municipality, Thailand
50. Muang District, Udonthani, Thailand
The ASEAN Committee on Disaster Management endorsed the Resilient Cities
Campaign. At the ASEAN+3 International Conference on Disaster Management on
30 August - 1 September 2010 in Tokyo, Japan the meeting welcomed the ISDR
campaign and encouraged all ASEAN countries to nominate participating cities and
role model cities from their countries for this campaign.
Safety of existing education and health facilities is assessed, and concrete action
plans for safer schools and hospitals developed and implemented
As part of the Making Cities Resilient Campaign and as a next phase of previous
campaigns on school and hospital safety, UNISDR Asia launched the One million
Safe Schools and Hospitals pledging initiative with more than 20 partners supporting
the campaign. The Safe Schools and Hospitals campaign has been able to generate
individual and institutional pledges to improve the safety of more than 80,000 schools
and hospitals through the “One Million Safe Schools and Hospitals Initiative”. Work
has started to translate the pledges into actions. In South Asia, collaboration with UN-
Habitat is going on to develop standards and guidance on safety of schools and
National Platforms integrated safe schools and hospitals in their agenda of work
One Million Safe Schools and Hospitals Initiative
By the end of 2010, 80,815 schools and hospitals have been pledged for safety by
1,041 individuals along the initiative in Asia Pacific region. The initiative’s website
(http://www.safe-schools-hospitals.net) is now fully operational in English, Hindi,
Bahasa and Thai. Partners are supporting its translation in other languages including
Vietnamese and Chinese. Promotion materials have been produced, including
notebooks, T-Shirts and caps. An updated version of the school and hospital
inspection guide is available from: http://tinyurl.com/2v5mevf.
The global launch of the initiative was held in Manila under the auspices of National
Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC), Department of Health (DoH), and the
Department of Education (DepEd), on 8th April 2010. The launch was supported by
the ASEAN Secretariat, UNISDR, WHO, UNICEF, GFDRR and the Center for
Disaster Preparedness of the Philippines (CDP). Led by the Philippine government,
and then followed by ASEAN member States, more than 58,000 schools and hospitals
have been pledged for safety during the launch event. The event was widely covered
by print and television media, and appeared in a number of television broadcasts in
the Philippines. Australian AID, European Union DG ECHO and DG Development
are now full partners of the initiative. The Initiative was launched in Indonesia on 29
Several launches of the initiative are planned for 2011. The Malaysia launch of both
the Making Resilient Cities Campaign and Safe Schools and Hospitals Initiative on is
planned for 17-18 February 2011 in Melaka on the occasion of the 2011 National
Disaster Awareness Day and the ASEAN forum to mainstream DRR in education.
The launch in Thailand is planned for March in Bangkok. Bangladesh, India and
several countries will launch the Making Resilient Cities and the Initiative in the first
months of 2011.
DIPECHO launched the 7th action plan call for proposals with a total funding of Euro
10 million covering the period May 2010 to October 2011, under which partners were
encouraged to support the pledging initiative through actual projects on the ground.
UNISDR organized a briefing for partners on how best they can incorporate the
aspects of the One Million Safe Schools and hospitals initiative in their project
proposals. ISDR is pursuing up bilaterally with some of the partners.
UNISDR and ASEAN are partnering with engineers and architects association in Asia
to build capacity, starting with a special session on safe schools and hospitals at the
ACCE‐2010 on 1 to 3 December 2010 in Bangkok.
UNISDR supported ASEAN to obtain funding to pilot the inspection of and
improvement of safety of schools and hospitals in the Philippines and Indonesia,
which will start in 2011.
An effective ISDR system supported by a strengthened Secretariat
UNISDR secretariat strengthened with improved result-based management to
support effective implementation of the HFA
UNISDR’s accomplishments are focused on strengthened organizational capacity to
deliver its work as the secretariat of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
and the Hyogo Framework of Action. UNISDR secretariat Asia Pacific strengthened
its results based managements system, is improving resourcing of its work and is
improving its administrative and other services. The Results based management was
initiated in UNISDR in 2008, with the goal of developing a coherent and manageable
biennial work plan for 2008-2009. In 2009, a pilot programme to develop an online
work planning, reporting and financial tracking system was started in the Asia Pacific
regional office. In 2010, this pilot was expanded, with the E-Management Tool used
for work planning and activity and output reporting to all UNISDR regional offices.
Different strategies, frameworks, systems and tools developed and implemented for
effective and efficient delivery of UNISDR Asia Pacific secretariat
Advocacy and Communication Strategy
To address the ongoing Making Resilient Cities Campaign and One Million Safe
Schools and Hospitals Initiative, standardized communication materials have been
developed. Many of the materials have been translated to Hindi & Bahasa and Thai
Capacity building of UNISDR Asia Pacific Secretariat Staff
A training programme was developed for the year 2010 which focused on capacity
building of staff in Monitoring and Evaluation, Climate Change and Communication.
ISDR has been in discussion with potential agencies, for conducting the
aforementioned trainings. RED-R has been identified as one potential partner to
provide training for Monitoring & Evaluation and Communication. For Climate
change SEI would be involved. These trainings will be conducted in 2011.
A 3 day staff retreat was organized in August involving all Asia Pacific staffs in the
region. This retreat focused on communication, team building and time management.
Three staff members from UNISDR participated in Regional Training on Disaster
Management, organized by ADPC.
Result Based Management System in UNISDR Asia Pacific Secretariat and sub-
Management response to recent office evaluations has been finalized and published
and implementation of the recommendation has been going on. Planning and M&E
framework and communications strategy have been finalized and have been printed
Continuous improvements to the M&E framework, including the development of
bimonthly update to partners, and distributing to the Asia Pacific group and Inter-
agency group in Geneva. Regional work planning retreat planned for end of January
Sub-Regional Office for the Pacific
UNISDR Sub-Regional Office for Pacific is part of the UN Multi-Country Teams in
Suva (Fiji) and Apia (Samoa). An Admin/Finance Assistant and a Junior Programme
Officer have been hired as part of UNISDR Pacific Sub-Regional office. In addition,
UNISDR hosted an Australian Youth Ambassador from May – November 2010. All
programme officers of the UNISDR Sub-Regional Office for the Pacific also
participated in the regional staff retreat in Hua Hin, Thailand from 17 – 20 August
UNISDR Asia Pacific accompanied SRSG on her mission to Australia to launch the
Resilient Cities Campaign in Australia (see 3.1.1) and to visit AusAID in Canberra. A
range of meetings with high-ranking AusAID officials was held, including with the
Director General. The planned signing of the Partnership Agreement between
AusAID and UNISDR was postponed, although AusAID reconfirmed its commitment
A detailed summary of all bilateral meetings was prepared and shared with the office
of the SRSG.
Presented UNISDR’s mandate and it’s role before, during and after disasters at the
AusAID/NZAID Cyclone Preparedness Training which was held from 4 to 8 October
2010 in Apia, Samoa. Meeting on 17 Nov 2010 with Elisabeth Edland from the EU
(Brussels) who was on mission to the Pacific. Amongst other, she explained the focus
of the ACP funds which will be channeled regionally through SOPAC.
Online E-Management tool & Knowledge Management Framework
The e-management system has gone several updates considering the suggestions
provided by RMU and is currently in the final stages of completion. Sections related
to work planning, finance management and reporting have been finalized; by the first
quarter of 2011 modules related to office management would be complete. Sections
related to MoU, contract, leave and inventory management are currently under
The e-management tool was tested for the reporting of the first bi-monthly reporting.
While all regional offices reported, there were some enhancements made post the
reporting. The version 1 of the e-management tool is now ready with capacity of
managing and assisting in reporting, work planning, budget management, mission,
contracts and agreements management. A detailed user-manual has been developed.
An online training for all regional offices was conducted in this reporting period.
Regular enhancements are being done in order to address necessary gaps or bugs. The
e-management tool is now being utilized by almost all regional offices for reporting
and financial management. To keep staff informed on the ongoing developments, a
monthly newsletter is being broadcasted, as well for the ease of understanding and
On knowledge management (KM), a third party KM assessment has now been
completed and submitted to UNISDR Senior Management Team and is awaiting
feedback. In addition, a KM demand study has also been completed and has been
shared at the IAP.
III. PERFORMANCE MONITORING
A. Performance Tracking Table
S. #. Indicator Target Actual
Objective 1: Disaster risk reduction accepted and applied for climate change
1.1 At least 4 national multi-stakeholder coordination 4 1
mechanisms (or national platforms) in Asia and the
Pacific with participation of DRR and CCA
experts by 2011 and the integration of DRR-CCA
as part of their agenda
1.2 At least four guidance notes developed on sound 4 4
DRR-CCA practices, by the mid of first year 2010
2.1 Findings of GAR II and Economics Study 4 0
reflected in at least 4 statements of Ministers from
Asia Pacific at DRR related national and regional
fora and meetings, including the Global Platform.
2.2. At least two sub-regional networks linked to 2 0
PreventionWeb by the end of 2011
2.3 Number of countries and regional partners 40 20
reporting on HFA implementation in Asia Pacific
region, compared with previous biennium
2.4 At least 4 national DRR programme, policy or 4 2
planning documents utilize HFA reporting results
2.5 DRR investment tracking information from Asia 1 1
Pacific reflected in the Global Platform
3.1 Number of activities related to the campaign on 10 5
safer cities DRR organized in the region by 2011
3.2 Number of organization / individuals / government 200000 95891-Inst.
departments pledging on safe schools and hospitals 1262 – Ind.
in Asia Pacific region
4.1 At least 10 positive feed-backs from ISDR Head 10 6
Quarter donors and countries on UNISDR
services, by the end of 2011
4.2 10% increase in amount of resources mobilized for 10% 20%
implementing UNISDR Asia Pacific biennial
4.3 At least 4 UNISDR Asia Pacific Secretariat staff 4 3
members trained in different disciplines, by the
end of year one (2010)
Note: Means of Verifications against the performance indicators are attached with
the report as Annexure - A
IV. PROBLEMS / ISSUES MATERIALLY IMPAIRING THE
ACHIEVEMENT OF PROJECT OBJECTIVES, PROPOSED SOLUTIONS
AND ACTIONS TAKEN OR TO BE TAKEN.
Major problems/issues referenced here have already been encountered, are currently
emerging, or are foreseen in the near to medium term. Once a problem/issue has been
resolved and reported, it should be removed from this section.
Proposed solutions and action(s) taken or to
Problem/Issues be taken (if action necessary, identify person
Specific – Strategic knowledge management Response to the strategic KM components of
on DRR issues has been the weakest aspect the internal and demand knowledge
of the work of the secretariat so far. management audit and evaluation that was
conducted in 2009 has been difficult to
implement because these require actions by
UNISDR in Geneva. Close coordination and
dialogue will be necessary to look at the
implementation of these recommendations.
Actions on all other recommendations are
General – Promoting linkages between DRR Studies of the office on the enabling
and CCA challenging with institutional and environment to allow for better linkages
policy set up in the region between DRR and CCA has shown that
countries and organizations in the region still
treat DRR and CCA issue separately and that
promoting their linkages remain a challenging
task. Advocacy is the first priority that needs
to be in place in order to foster more dialogue
between the two issues.
B. Stakeholders, partners and implementing agencies:
Proposed solutions and action(s) taken or to
Problem/Issues be taken (if action necessary, identify person
Specific – Working with inter-governmental With the adoption of the AADMER, working
processes within partners such as ASEAN is within the inter-governmental process of the
challenging. ASEAN has become more challenging
because of the new processes that have been
put in place within the workings of the
Secretariat including various decisions
making and screening processes. This requires
more lead time in preparation and the
engagement of new groups such as working
General - Engaging participants from all It is important to promote multi-stakeholder
sectors within the HFA review process is participation within the HFA review process.
essential to create an enabling environment While this proved to be a challenging task,
for resilience most countries have made considerable efforts
for consultations. Equally important is the
promotion of participation of local
governments into this review process. Future
reporting should look at ways to ensure that
the consultation takes into consideration these
challenges so as to foster more multi-
stakeholder participation and thus more
ownership and use of the HFA reports.
C. External factors:
Proposed solutions and action(s) taken or to be
Problem/Issues taken (if action necessary, identify person
D. Other major issues/problems
Proposed solutions and action(s) taken or to be
Problem/Issues taken (if action necessary, identify person
Disaster risk reduction needs to expand its scope to include new actors and
With increased attention to climate change and its clear linkages with the work of
DRR in the region, it is necessary to increase the focus of DRR work to be able to
engage new stakeholders, not only within the Ministries of Environment, but also
within planning and finance. The Campaign activities provide opportunities to engage
local governments. Therefore, synergy between the project objectives needs to be in
place to capture these opportunities.
VI. LESSONS LEARNED AND EMERGING GOOD PRACTICES
Lessons from Multi stakeholder consultations
Stakeholders’ response was very good in the countries especially from INGOs, NGOs,
International organizations and local authorities. The process of HFA reporting was
strong where UNCT focal points are more engaged. There is a need to strengthen the
HFA Reporting process and formalize it to DRR Mechanism / Platform in some of the
countries. In countries where National Platform / DRR Mechanisms are strong, the
HFA Monitoring process is much organized and need little help from outside. “Key
questions” introduced in the new HFA Monitoring Template helped stakeholders to
respond back to the requirements, however these Key Question also Limited the
response from the stakeholders in some cases. It was also observed that countries
experienced difficulties in collecting Means of Verification (MoVs). The requirement
of MoVs was introduced in this reporting cycle. To overcome this problem, the
countries were asked to only mention the name of the document / verification source.
The ownership of the reporting Process and Report it self is still weak in the countries.
Although more stakeholders were involved in the process during this reporting cycle,
but the need to consult more stakeholders, especially at the local level was felt during
the consultations. It was also observed that countries are reluctant to share budget
information, or in some cases National Focal points do not have enough information
on resources for DRR. The utilization of HFA report still remains a big question in the
countries. Countries are still not clear how to integrate HFA reporting process in their
existing processes at national and local levels.
UNISDR is working to link HFA reporting process with existing DRR mechanisms in
the countries. UNISDR is supporting several countries in developing Strategic
National Action Plans (SNAP) and is promoting the use of HFA monitoring process
for the review of SNAP on periodic basis. Similarly, cities signed up for Resilient
Cities Campaigns are also encourage to use HFA Local Government Self Assessment
Tool to review and implement DRR at the local level and finally linking it to the
National HFA reporting process.
Lessons from the campaigns
The Making Resilient Cities Campaign and One Million Safe Schools and Hospitals
Initiative have been well received by the countries and partners in the region. For
launching the Campaign in any country, it is important that responsible national
agencies and committed partners are identified. Clear understanding of the Campaign
objectives, expected outcomes and how its activities complement the on-going similar
efforts in countries and by partners is equally important.
The success of the Campaign will depend on how the commitments will be translated
into actions. In this regard, an important lesson learned is the need to build a common
understanding of different roles in the Campaign. For example, UNISDR has the
catalyst/advocacy and coordination role while the implementation rests with
Government, local government agencies and partners. Furthermore, drawing on the
on-going activities by the country and partner agencies is crucial. Identification of
these activities and developing partnerships are important as part of preparation for
launching the Campaign.
To keep the momentum of signed up cities/local governments and partners, especially
in the context of the Campaign continuing until 2015, it is important for UNISDR to
work with partner agencies to put in place some support mechanisms for the
implementation of the Campaign activities, at least for selected cities/local
governments and promote peer learning.
UNISDR is encouraging local governments to self assess their progress in the
implementation of the ten essentials, to help achieving the goals of this global
campaign and to assist the national governments in the biannual disaster risk
reduction review, a third tier of the monitoring and review framework that could
review the progress at the local level2 (i.e. municipalities, cities, provinces and so
forth) has now been introduced: Local government Self Assessment Tool (LG-SAT).
The main objectives of the third tier review process or the ‘Local Government Self
Assessment tool’ (LG-SAT) are to:
o Provide a self assessment tool and a feedback mechanism for local and city
o and facilitate the understanding of gaps and challenges in disaster risk
reduction at the local level.
o Complement the national HFA monitoring and multi-stakeholder engagement
process by providing information and an assessment of the situation from the
o Present a “baseline” and a status report for cities and municipalities that have
committed to the Making Cities Resilient Campaign – and share this
information with other cities participating in the campaign.
Areas, which require further attention
Recognition that linkages between DRR and CCA at the national level is slowly being
accepted by government and non-government stakeholders, as we see more and more
calls, programmes and projects that intend to clarify these linkages. However, the
practical basis for the links to take place, in particular planning and the knowledge
base is mostly not present at the national level, making the promotion of these
linkages more difficult.
Experience in pilot work in particular with high level advocacy related missions by
UNISDR in the region have shown that development related stakeholders or science
related stakeholders are more easily linked, but cross linking them, including between
the DRR and CCA divide is more difficult. This makes the traditional vulnerability
focused work of DRR difficult to be adopted by CCA practitioners who focus firstly
on climate science and information, and the additionallity of interventions which
confront climate change.
UNISDR is currently mapping the institutional and policy landscape on DRR and
CCA in the Asia Pacific region, and analyzing the enabling environment related to the
integration of DRR and CCA into development processes. Through this work, further
actions can be identified for the coming biennium.
VII. FINANCIAL REPORT (OLD – Need to be updated by Geneva)
Budgeted costs Amount Spent
Strategic Objective 1 254,886.50 345,586.14
Disaster risk reduction accepted and applied for
climate change adaptation
Strategic Objective 2 670,386.50 616,077.22
Measurable increases in investments in disaster
Strategic Objective 3 341,386.50 359,306.19
Disaster resilient cities, school and hospital
Strategic Objective 4 267,886.50 310,867.63
Strengthened international system for disaster risk
Programme Support Costs 199,490.98 212,138.83
Grand Total 1,734,036.98 1,843,975.99
Means of Verifications against Performance Indicators
GAR II not launched yet
6. Hong Kong
13. New Zealand
16. Sri Lanka
17. Solons Island
Global Platform Document / Agenda
1. Main Theme for Global Platform in 2011 is on tracking investments for
1. Global Launch in Manila, 8 April 2010
2. Indonesia Nation Launch, 29 July 2010.
3. Thailand: First meeting of the Partnership to support of the Initiative, 24
4. Indonesia: First National Safe School Conference, Jakarta, 21-22
5. ACCE-2010 – Bangkok, 1-3 December 2010 – Safe Schools and
6. 95,891 Institutions (schools and hospitals)
7. 1,262 Individuals
Countries support in HFA Monitoring process 2009-2011
Amount of resources Allocated for UNISDR Asia Pacific secretariat in
2010, including other sources of funds i.e. GFDRR = USD. 2,374,796
Amount of resources Allocated for UNISDR Asia Pacific secretariat in
2010, including other sources of funds i.e. GFDRR = USD. 2,858,731
Three staff members from UNISDR participated in Regional Training on
Disaster Management, organized by ADPC.