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					  Welcome
   Opening Day
September 2, 2008
The story we are told.
Inside photos
showed Alexei
doing complicated
experiments in        Stephen, by
physics and           contrast,
chemistry and         retreated from a
reading aloud         geometry problem
from Sister Carrie.   on the blackboard
                      and the caption
                      advised, "Stephen
                      amused class with
                      wisecracks about
                      his ineptitude."
                      Seated at a
                      typewriter in
                      typing class,
                      Stephen tells us "I
                      type about one
   Zhao, 2008         word a minute."
Our Nation is at risk. Our
once unchallenged
preeminence in
commerce, industry,
science, and technological
innovation is being
overtaken by competitors
throughout the world.

The educational
foundations of our society
are presently being
eroded by a rising tide of
mediocrity that threatens
our very future as a
Nation and a people.


 We are raising a new
 generation of Americans that
 is scientifically and
 technologically illiterate.


      Zhao, 2008
   1995 TIMSS Grade 8 Mathematics Performance

  Nations with Average Scores            Nations with Average Scores Not          Nations with Average Scores Significantly
 Significantly Higher than the US        Significantly Different than the US                  Lower than the US
Nation                Average       Nation                          Average    Nation                          Average
Singapore              643          Thailand                          522      Lithuania                        477
Korea                  607          Israel                            522      Cyprus                           474
Japan                  605          (Germany)                         509
Hong Kong              588                                                     Portugal                         454
                                    New Zealand                       508      Iran, Islamic Republic           428
Belgium (Fl)           565
                                    England                           506
Czech Republic         564                                                     (Kuwait)                         392
Slovak Republic        547          Norway                            503
                                                                               (Columbia)                       385
Switzerland            545          (Denmark)                         502
                                                                               South Africa                     354
(Netherlands)          541          United States                     500
(Slovenia)             541          (Scotland)                        498
(Bulgaria)             540          Latvia (LSS)                      493
(Austria)              539          Spain                             487
France                 538          Iceland                           487
Hungary                537          (Greece)                          484
Russian Fed.           535          (Romania)                         482
(Australia)            530
Ireland                527
Canada                 527
(Belgium (Fr))         526
Sweden                 519


                                                                                                       Zhao, 2008
Two Million Minutes, vividly reveals that American students are no longer “at risk” of falling
behind -- they are now clearly behind even Third World students in India and China, in addition to
being in 24th place among developed countries.




By comparing how these students prioritize their time (approximately four years or “two million
minutes” of high school), the film demonstrates that the typical student in the U.S. spends much
less time on his/her education and gives less thought to future career opportunities than his/her
global peers in India and China.
                                                                                   --2 million minutes
 Source: http://www.2mminutes.com/pressblog6.html

                                                                                    Zhao, 2008
Despite the billions of dollars being spent on ‘education reform’ since 1983, the U.S. has
implemented none of the meaningful recommendations of the 1983 report and as a result has
seen no real improvements to our math or science education system.

----Robert Compton,2008, creator and executive producer of the documentary Two Million
Minutes.
Source: http://www.2mminutes.com/pressblog6.html




Two decades later, A Nation at Risk remains significant in terms of setting the debate and
ushering in an era of reform in education, but its goals have not yet been realized. The changes
wrought by twenty years of task forces, committees, and study groups have not produced the
hoped-for improvement in student achievement. Few of the commission's recommendations were
properly implemented, and many of those that were proved too timid to bring about effective
educational reform.

--Diane Ravitch 2003
Source: http://www.hoover.org/pubaffairs/dailyreport/archive/2848976.html


                                                                                Zhao, 2008
U.S. treading water in reading
Bloomberg News Service
Russia, Hong Kong and Singapore shot to the top of 45
countries and provinces participating in a fourth-grade
reading test, while England fell below the United States,
according to results released yesterday. (Honolulu
Advertiser, November 29, 2007)


U.S. Students Fall Short in Math and Science
Teenagers in a majority of industrialized nations taking part in a leading
international exam showed greater scientific understanding than
students in the United States—and they far surpassed their American
peers in mathematics. (Education Week, December 4, 2007)


                                                            Zhao, 2008
But the story can’t be left there.
                             2007-2008 Global Competitiveness Index


              140


              120


              100
                                                                                United States
               80                                                               Japan
                                                                                Korea
               60                                                               China
                                                                                India
               40
                                                                                Russia

               20


                0
                    United    Japan   Korea   China     India   Russia
                    States


http://www.weforum.org/pdf/Global_Competitiveness_Reports/Reports/gcr_2007/gcr2007_rankings.pdf


                                                                                         Zhao, 2008
                Source: http://   www.worldmapper.org/




 World Population Distribution




           Toy Exports
Royalties Wealth DistributionExports
  World and License Fees
World Tertiary Education Enrollment                 Zhao, 2008
What do other countries
think?
[China 2002]

In December 2002, the Chinese Ministry of Education issued a policy designed to reform
assessment and evaluation in elementary and secondary schools. This document, entitled
Ministry of Education’s Notice Regarding Furthering the Reform of Evaluation and
Assessment Systems in Elementary and Secondary Schools, calls for alternative
assessments that go beyond simply testing academic knowledge. It specifically forbids
ranking school districts, schools, or individual students based on test results or making test
results public.

[China 2005]
High school curriculum reform

Among the problems targeted by the reforms:
•Overemphasis on knowledge transmission
•Too many required and uniform courses, which limited students’ individual development
•Too much overlapping content, resulting in excessive coursework burden on students
•Overemphasis on the value of individual discipline, resulting in too little interdisciplinary and social
integration
Remedies:
•Credit system
•More electives, fewer required courses
•Local subjects/school based curriculum
•Integrated studies
•New subjects (art, environment, technology, etc)

                                                                                             Zhao, 2008
Japan
• Since 2001, Japan has been working to implement its Education Plan for the
   21st Century, which has three major objectives:

    – The first is “enhancing emotional education,” that is, cultivating students as
      emotionally well-rounded human beings.

    – The second objective is “realizing a school system that helps children develop their
      individuality and gives them diverse choices” by moving towards a diverse, flexible
      educational system that encourages individuality and cultivates creativity.

    – The third is “promoting a system in which the school’s autonomy is respected”
      through decentralizing educational administration, enhancing local autonomy, and
      enabling independent self-management at the school level. (Iwao, 2000)




                                                                             Zhao, 2008
[Korea 2000]
Revised 7th National Curriculum

The ultimate goal is to cultivate creative, autonomous, and self-driven
human resources who will lead the era's developments in information,
knowledge and globalization.

•Promote fundamental and basic education that fosters sound human
beings and nurtures creativity

•Help students build self-leading capacity so that they well meet the
challenges of today's globalization and information development

• Implement learner-oriented education that suits the students' capability,
aptitude and career development needs

• Ensure expanded autonomy for the local community and schools in
curriculum planning and operation.


                                                                 Zhao, 2008
Singapore
    Since 1997, Singapore another frequent high flyer in international comparative studies, has
    engaged in a major curriculum reform initiative. Entitled Thinking Schools, Learning Nation, this
    initiative aims to develop all students into active learners with critical thinking skills and to
    develop a creative and critical thinking culture within schools. Its key strategies include:


•   The explicit teaching of critical and creative thinking skills;
•   The reduction of subject content;
•   The revision of assessment modes; and;
•   A greater emphasis on processes instead of on outcomes when appraising schools.
•   In 2005, the Ministry of Education in Singapore released another major policy document
    Nurturing Every Child: Flexibility and Diversity in Singapore Schools, which called for a
    more varied curriculum, a focus on learning rather than teaching, and more autonomy for
    schools and teachers (Ministry of Education, 2005).




                                                                                        Zhao, 2008
Why?
       Imagination is more important than knowledge.

It is a miracle that curiosity survives formal education.

                                          Albert Einstein
Technology redefines
HD TV




        Zhao, 2008
Swanni's Annual 'Best & Worst' HDTV List


  1. Teri Hatcher                    1. Jessica Alba
  2. Demi Moore                      2. Eva Longoria
  3. Donald Trump                    3. Anna Kournikova
  4. Heather Locklear                4. Ben Affleck
  5. David Letterman                 5. Ashton Kutcher
  6. George W. Bush                  6. Marcia Cross
  7. Ray Liotta                      7. Halle Berry
  8. Sandra Bullock                  8. Jessica Simpson
  9. Bill Clinton                    9. Nicole Kidman
  10. Clint Eastwood                 10. Angelina Jolie

http://www.tvpredictions.com/fall2005hd092605.html
                                                          Zhao, 2008
"Say bud, can you tell me
where the illiterate club is?"
               Zhao, 2008
Industrial Revolution




                        Zhao, 2008
        Science!
                      What’s taught in schools


                     Latin
                     Chemistry           Chemistry
                                        Theology
                           Greek                     Biology
                                                     Religion

                    Physics
                    Greek
                                          Biology
                                         Latin
                              Grammar
                              Physics
                                         Technology
                                         Grammar




What knowledge is of most worth?
                   --Herbert Spencer, 1859


                                              Zhao, 2008
Our Challenge
(W)hy would the world’s employers pay us
more than they have to pay the Indians to
do their work? They would be willing to do
that only if we could offer something that
the Chinese and Indians, and others,
cannot.

--New Commission on the Skills of the American
Workforce (2007). Tough Choices or Tough Times
Because of the Death of Distance
As electrically contracted, the globe is no more
than a village.
                                Marshall McLuhan, 1964




  “Honey,” I confided, “I think the world is flat.”
                               Thomas Friedman, 2005
   It’s a Big Job to Make the Mini:
   Global Supply Chain

Therefore we need to move into niche areas where they will not
be able to completely replace us for quite some time.
                                            ---Lee Kuan Yew, 2007
Daniel H. Pink (2005).A Whole New Mind: Moving from the Information Age to
the Conceptual Age
   A Whole New Mind
Information Age:
L-Directed Thinking
   –   Sequential
   –   Literal           Asia
   –   Functional     Automation
   –   Textual        Abundance
   –   Analytic                    Conceptual Age:
                                   R-Directed Thinking
                                      –   Simultaneous
                                      –   Metaphorical
                                      –   Aesthetic
                                      –   Contextual
                                      –   Synthetic


                                                   Zhao, 2008
Essential Aptitudes in the
Conceptual Age
• Design
• Story
• Symphony
• Empathy
• Play
• Meaning
Five Minds for the Future
• Disciplinary Mind          • Respectful Mind
   – Mastery                    – Awareness and
      • Schools of Thought        appreciation of differences
      • Professional Craft
                             • Ethical Mind
• Synthesizing Mind             – Fulfillment of
   – Integrate Ideas              responsibilities
   – Communicate

• Creating Mind
   – Uncover new ideas
   – Clarify new ideas
                                         Gardner, 2006
 Global Citizenship

The completely untraveled person will view all foreigners as
the savage regards a member of another herd. But the man
who has traveled, or who has studied international politics, will
have discovered that, if his herd is to prosper, it must, to some
degree, become amalgamated with other herds.
                                         --Bertrand Russell, 1950
American companies lose an estimated $2 billion a year due to inadequate
cross-cultural guidance for their employees in multicultural situations. A
2002 survey of large U.S. corporations found that nearly 30 percent of the
companies believed they had failed to exploit fully their international
business opportunities due to insufficient personnel with international
skills. Microsoft’s Windows95 was banned by India because its Time Zone
map put the region of Kashmir outside the boundaries of India. (Committee
for Economic Development, 2006)
Are we preparing citizens for the
globalized world?
• Unique talents
• Creativity, Imagination, and Passion
• Cross-cultural competencies
  – Understanding the globe
  – Foreign languages
  – Understanding other cultures
• Global responsibilities
                                         Zhao, 2008
What does it take?
Personalize education: Is there a
core curriculum?

Creativity and discipline: Skills,
knowledge, and attitude

Globalization: Schools as global
enterprises

                                     Zhao, 2008
Digital Citizenship
• Living in the digital world
   – Consumers
   – Citizens
   – Community leaders
• Making a living in the digital world
   – Digital workers
   – Global workers
• (Re)Creating the digital world
   – Innovators
   – Entrepreneurs
                                         Zhao, 2008
What can we do?
Assume Moral Responsibility of Public
Educators
          Public education does not serve a public. It
          creates a public.

                                          Neil Postman
           The philosophy of the classroom today will
           be the philosophy of government tomorrow.

                                      Abraham Lincoln




                                                 Zhao, 2008
Be informed of changes.

              Model attitudes and behaviors.

Lead changes in curriculum, policy, and
events in your schools.

          Advocate changes in the state and the
                                         nation.

                                          Zhao, 2008
Imagine a District where…
People work together to
improve instruction in all
classrooms.
People strive to
personalize instruction for
all students.
People model professionalism
creating a healthy and
supportive environment for
students to learn.
People treat each other with
respect and learn from their
differences.
People believe that
communication is the most
important subject we teach.
People take risks and
encourage students to take
risks.
People employ technology as
a tool to instruct.
Students turn on to
education when they come
through our doors.
Can you imagine?
Is it or could it be the
Watertown Public Schools?
We can only do this together!

				
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