CTC Cycle Digest 2008 - Issue 53 by 63h775


									CTC Cycle Digest 2008 - Issue 53
CycleDigest is a publication of the CTC Charitable Trust (Registered Charity
No. 1104324). The Trust is the charity arm of CTC, the UK’s largest cycling membership
organisation with 70,000 members and affiliates.

Views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect those of the editor or the
policies of CTC. Material from the CycleDigest may be reproduced in any form for the
purposes of campaigning and in the promotion of bicycle use, provided the source is

Published by CTC, Parklands, Railton Road, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 9JX
Editor: Cherry Allan • Tel: 0870 873 0060 • Fax: 0870 873 0064 • e-mail:

In this issue…
   Government Puts Millions into Cycling
   £Ms for London Cyclists too
   Railway Station Travel Planning – get involved
   Cycling, DfT & a Low Carbon World (Towards a Sustainable Transport System)
   Refreshing NATA
   Sustrans Connect2
   Low Carbon Cities
   2006 Transport Statistics Published
   Obesity Strategy & NICE Guidelines (stop press)
   Planning Policies Don’t Match (PPS1 & PPS 4)
   Government to Study Cyclist Road Safety + other road safety news
   News from Scotland
   Cycle Demonstration Towns
   Bill could be Blow for London Cyclists
   20mph in North Tyneside
   LSPs & LAAs – what’s in them for cycling?
   Budget Power for the People
   Government Petitions for Petitions
   Gateshead Crossings
   Bus & Bikes
   Bedford Station – more cycle parking
   Oxford Cycle Campaigns Conferences (November 2007)
   Kirklees Greenway Best in Europe
   By-laws lifted on Lowestoft Promenade
   Branchline Revitalised
   Bristol to Bath Path – not good news
   New Publications
   Diary
Government Puts Millions into Cycling
CTC has welcomed the announcement that the Government is putting £140m towards
cycling in England. Over the next three years this will fund a variety of progammes
including Bikeability cycle training for an extra 500,000 children; another 250 Safe Links
to Schools; further Cycling Demonstration Towns and the first large Demonstration City.

The funding includes a contribution from the Department of Health as part of its new
obesity strategy and will be channelled through Cycling England, set up in 2005 to
promote cycling. Making the announcement Secretary for Transport Ruth Kelly said that
the results of both Bikeability and Cycle Demonstration Towns are “hugely
impressive and prove that by providing the right facilities and supportmore people are
willing to get on their bikes.”

CTC Director Kevin Mayne said, “What is particularly welcome is the involvement
of Ministers not only for transport but also for children and health. We are keen to see
Cycling England get behind local authorities and Primary Care Trusts who want to
challenge unnecessary car use and work with local cycling advocates so that the health
benefits of cycling can be enjoyed by more people.”


CTC’s charity arm, the CTC Charitable Trust, is a significant contributor to Cycling
England, delivering a range of support for cycle training and local authority
effectiveness. www.ctc.org.uk / www.cyclingengland.co.uk

… and Millions for London Cyclists too…
Ken Livingstone, Mayor of London, has announced £62m for walking and cycling in
the capital (2008/9), a 20% increase on the last budget. He also plans to encourage
London boroughs to adopt area-wide 20mph limits for residential areas.
www.london.gov.uk/news.jsp - 22/1/08

Railway Station Travel Planning – Get Involved!
The DfT's Delivering a Sustainable Railway White Paper proposed that railway stations
adopt travel plans, jointly sponsored by local authorities, train operators and Network
Rail. Cycle storage and safe and convenient access for cyclists are potential outcomes.

CTC has been invited to join the steering group for a pilot phase and we would like to
hear from any groups, individuals or local authorities interested in creating a station
travel plan in their area. Please email chris.peck@ctc.org.uk or phone 01483 238313.

The Campaign for Better Transport has produced some good examples of local rail
partnerships –

Cycling, DfT and a Low Carbon World
With the prospect of mandatory emissions reduction targets emerging from the
Climate Change Bill, the Government appears at last to be giving a bit more priority to
climate change. Until recently its policies tended to concentrate on energy efficiency in
the domestic and business sectors rather than transport, but recently there have been
some fairly positive developments.

‘Towards a Sustainable Transport System’
The Department for Transport (DfT) published its response to both the Stern Review
(on climate change) and the Eddington Transport Study in October. This sets out
the Department’s strategic direction for the next 7 years and, encouragingly, will in part
focus specifically on the 56% of car journeys under 5 miles - easily shifted to cycle trips.
Offering bespoke travel advice to households is an option seriously considered,
something that’s proved highly successful in Darlington, a Cycling Demonstration Town.
Another innovation is the inclusion of health in the Department's goals.

Initiatives such as individualised travel marketing and cycle training could therefore do
very well out of these moves, but efforts to increase cycling will inevitably row against
the tide until and unless the Government also puts in place policies to halt and reverse
road traffic growth and to tackle road danger. Also, with the culture of devolution
currently sweeping through government it remains to be seen whether these tentative
steps towards healthier and more sustainable transport will bear fruit at the local level
(i.e. it’s not the Government’s job to tell councils they need to address climate change!).

Download Towards a Sustainable Transport System: Supporting economic growth in a
low carbon world (TaSTS) from www.dft.gov.uk/about/strategy/transportstrategy/

Refreshing NATA
At the same time that TaSTS emerged (see above), the DfT decided it was also
the moment for a ‘Refresh’ of the New Approach to Appraisal (NATA), originally
conceived in the Integrated Transport White Paper of 1998.

Some aspects of their proposals are welcome, such as the recognition that the health
impacts of walking and cycling schemes upon adults have economic value. Also, climate
change is an identified theme.

The Department acknowledges that NATA’s original intention to be ‘mode neutral’ –
 meaning not favouring road schemes over rail – hasn’t happened yet. They propose
that planners will decide goals and then objectively generate a variety of options – say
road, rail, bus or cycling - to reach those goals. But the Refresh doesn’t propose altering
some of the fundamental problems with the costing of time, whereby business travellers
in cars are assigned a higher time value than cyclists or pedestrians; or the fact that any
scheme that reduces car use must be penalised through lost fuel tax revenue to the
Treasury. Equally, NATA doesn’t offer a way of appraising a 'local sustainable transport
plus less travel' option – something we feel it certainly ought to include.

Accessibility is also poorly addressed, a problem perpetuated by the more recent
‘Accessibility planning' methodology, which is very helpful towards public transport, but
omits walking and cycling almost entirely. It fails to recognise that the biggest
impediment to walking and cycling accessibility are major roads and junctions. DfT has
also announced a revision of Accessibility Planning, so CTC will take the opportunity to
call for a methodology for scoring the 'cycleability' of different roads.
CTC will be responding to the consultation on the NATA Refresh (late March) and
contributing to the debate that TaSTShas started.


A public vote has landed Sustrans, the sustainable transport charity, with £50m from the
Big Lottery Fund for its five year Connect2 project. The money will go towards 79 UK
schemes designed to connect up networks for walkers and cyclists by providing links
such as crossings and bridges over busy roads, railway lines and rivers.

One of the schemes welcomed by cyclists is a new bridge across Newstead Road
in Weymouth, thus completing the Rodwell Trail, and making it part of a motor-traffic free
route to Portland. It should benefit access to the Olympic sailing events taking place in
the area in 2012 too. The original application for the bridge was made by CTC’s West
Dorset branch.

Sustrans’ local authority partners are poised to go and will be adding matched funding.


Low Carbon Cities
With the help of the Carbon Trust and the Energy Saving Trust, Bristol, Leeds and
Manchester will be developing tailored action plans to cut their CO2 emissions under the
Low Carbon Cities Programme, funded by Defra. Promoting cycling to work is one of the
energy saving measures that the cities could well undertake.
www.gnn.gov.uk > National news release 8/11/07.

Statistics on local and regional CO2 emissions for 2005 have been published
at: www.defra.gov.uk/news/2007/071120a.htm . Overall, 28% of end-user emissions
assigned to local authority areas are attributed to road transport.

• Over the next three years, local transport will benefit from the latest Capital Settlement
of £4billion. Announcing the funding for local authorities, Transport Minister Rosie
Winterton said: "Tackling congestion, improving road safety and providing genuine
alternatives to the car are essential to people's quality of life and the economy. And
without good local transport none of this is achievable.”

• In a recent Parliamentary Question, Theresa Villiers MP asked what proportion of the
DfT’s spending has been devoted to encouraging cycling in each of the last five years. In
her answer, Rosie Winterton said ‘cycling spend’ was £60.3m for 2006-7, via money
from Local Transport Plan settlements and London’s transport grant. The Minister added
that this was only a partial picture because this figure does not include other schemes –
traffic calming and 20mph zones, for example – which also encourage cycling. The
recognition that such measures do help cycling is welcome.
Transport Statistics for Great Britain: 2007 Edition
Published in November, this shows that cycling in 2006 rose a little in comparison with
2005, from 4.4 to 4.6 billion vehicle kilometres. The number of cyclists killed in 2006 was
146 (148 in 2005). For this and many more statistics on road traffic, casualties, speed
and transport emissions, see the full publication at: www.dft.gov.uk/transtat

Regional Transport Statistics (2007 Edition) have also just been published on this

As Digest went to press, the Department for Health launched its strategy to
tackle obesity and the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE)
published guidance on creating physical environments to promote physical activity.

Both documents are welcome and helpfully suggest that health professionals play
a greater role in the local planning process. Meanwhile the NICE guidelines recommend
that “ those responsible for all strategies, policies and plans involving changes to the
physical environment” should “ Assess in advance what impact (both intended and
unintended) the proposals are likely to have on physical activity levels. (For example, will
local services be accessible on foot, by bicycle or by people whose mobility is
impaired?) Make the results publicly available and accessible”.

Obesity Strategy:
NICE guidance:

Planning Policies don’t Match
In mid-December the Department for Communities and Local Government at last
published the supplement to Planning Policy Statement 1 (PPS1), Planning and Climate
Change, and a consultation on PPS4 - Planning for Sustainable Economic Development.

The latter offers policy advice in direct contradiction to the values expressed in the
former. PPS1 follows the agenda set by Planning Policy Guidance 13 (PPG13),
and establishes clearly that reducing the need to travel through land use planning
must be fundamental to meeting our climate change goals. Of course, that message
is bundled up with a collection of recommendations on renewable energy, adaptation to
climate change etc., but picking out the section on transport and repeating it back to
local authorities may help to hammer home the principle that better land use planning
will reduce car dependency and benefit cycling.

Draft PPS4, on the other hand, unhelpfully suggests that out-of-town developments may
be acceptable, and reverses some of the maximum car parking standards set in PPG13.
Mixed messages!

ultation (closes 17/3/08)
PPS1: www.communities.gov.uk/publications/planningandbuilding/consultationeconomic

Government to Study Road Safety for Cyclists
Roger Geffen, CTC Campaigns and Policy Manager

CTC has welcomed plans for a major Government study into factors affecting cyclists'

We understand the Department for Transport (DfT) plans to look firstly at how to improve
the collection of data on cycle safety - a comparison of hospital admissions and police
data suggests that cyclists’ injuries are under-reported in the latter.

DfT also proposes to weigh up the safety impacts of cycle facilities (cycle lanes and
cycle tracks) and wider measures such as traffic reduction and lower traffic speeds. This
is all very welcome.

We also hope that the project will include an assessment of the risks of cycling
compared with other day-to-day activities, to place the issue in context - after all, the
health benefits greatly outweigh the risks and the study needs to avoid generating
headlines of the ‘cycling is really dangerous’ variety. It needs to identify the main causal
factors affecting cyclists' safety too. For instance, we need to know much more about
what vehicles are involved in cyclists' collisions, where they occur (e.g. what types of
junction) and what kinds of manoeuvres are being made by those involved.

We also need an even-handed assessment of the contribution of dangerous or
illegal behaviour to cyclists' injuries. There is a widespread belief that lawless cycling
(red light jumping etc) contributes significantly to both pedestrians' and cyclists'
own injuries, but no evidence to support this. What data there are suggests that
dangerous driving (e.g. speeding or mobile phone use) plays a much greater role.

Meanwhile the Commons Transport Select Committee has announced an inquiry looking
at road safety in general. CTC will argue for lower speed limits, better street design and
more emphasis on driver awareness campaigns backed by tougher and better-enforced
road traffic law. The aim must be to make speeding, mobile phone use and other forms
of dangerous driving as socially unacceptable as drink-driving has now become.

In the background to all this, work is likely to begin soon on overhauling the
Government's Road Safety Strategy - a new version for the coming decade is due out
in Summer 2009. CTC is planning a major road safety initiative for later this year - watch
this space for more information!

Other Road Safety News
Road safety is set to be a major issue for CTC in 2008 with a number of developments in
the pipeline:

• The new offence of 'causing death by careless driving' (Road Safety Act
2006), comes into force in the spring. We remain concerned that, instead of tougher
penalties for drivers who kill, it could result in cases being treated as 'careless' when
previously the more serious offence of 'causing death by dangerous driving' would have
been used. In any event, the new offence still does not address the mismatch between
the tough sentences now available for drivers who kill compared with those whose
driving is potentially lethal but where nobody actually dies (including cases
where someone is maimed instead). CTC and other road safety groups will
be monitoring the new legal framework carefully.

• The Crown Prosecution Service has meanwhile launched new guidelines
on prosecuting bad driving under the new offences. It advises that drivers who crash
while using mobile phones should be prosecuted for dangerous (rather than careless)
driving, in response to mounting evidence that using either a hands-free or hand-
held mobile causes a four-fold increase in a driver's risk of crashing, and that the level
of impairment is about the same as being at the drinkdrive limit.

• The Sentencing Guidelines Council (SGC), also responding to the new offences, is
now consulting on a draft guideline for the sentencing of drivers who kill, drawing on
the results of an earlier Sentencing Advisory Panel consultation. Media publicity has
highlighted the SGC's recommendation that drivers who kill should sometimes face
community sentences only.

Our view is that many of the problems lie not with the SGC’s proposals but with the legal
framework itself. We did not support the introduction of the new ‘causing death by
careless driving’ offence in the first place (see above), and have since argued that it
should be used only in very limited circumstances (the fact that someone died
strongly indicates either a ‘dangerous’ driving offence or ‘manslaughter’).

A community sentence may well be the appropriate penalty in those rare cases where
causing death by careless (rather than dangerous) driving is the right conviction (i.e.
where someone happened to die in a situation where a 'careful and competent driver'
could not reasonably have foreseen 'danger').

However even then we will continue to argue that this should always be backed up by an
appropriate length driving ban.

• Finally, the Government will be consulting on plans to increase the sanctions
for speeding offences - for instance, driving at 45mph in a 30mph zone is set to
be increased from 3 to 6 penalty points. We will argue that the thresholds should
be lower - 3 points for driving at 44mph in a 30mph zone is still woefully inadequate,
given that this more than doubles the risk of killing a pedestrian compared with sticking
to the posted speed limit.

For CTC’s responses to road safety and legal consultations, with related links,
see www.ctc.org.uk/campaigns > our campaigns > safe drivers and vehicles

News from Scotland
Stewart Stevenson, the SNP’s Minister for Transport in Scotland, was the keynote
speaker at Cycling Scotland’s conference in November. He spoke very positively about
the contribution cycling could make to every one of the Scottish Government’s core
policy objectives – particularly health, the environment and social inclusion – and floated
the idea of a new Cycling Action Plan for Scotland, now under discussion.

The very next day the SNP-led Government announced its first budget, including a
very healthy £33m of direct support over the next three years for promoting sustainable
and active travel. But it also included £3,177m over the same period for the building
and maintenance of motorways and trunk roads.

All of this provided plenty of food for thought at CTC Scotland’s own conference a
fortnight later. An excellent turn-out from CTC’s local groups and campaign networks in
Scotland discussed future priorities for campaigning, projects to encourage more people
to cycle (e.g. around the health agenda), and the organisation of CTC Scotland itself.

A summary of the CTC Scotland conference is
at: www.ctcscotland.org.uk/conferences/actions.php

For more on Cycling Scotland, see www.cyclingscotland.co.uk/

Scotland’s National Planning Framework
The Scottish Government has issued a discussion draft on the second National
Planning Framework, a strategy for Scotland's long-term spatial development to 2030.
Cycling advocates may want to respond, for example by building on the document’s
statement that ‘The challenges for land use planning are to create urban environments
which facilitate walking and cycling’. Deadline for responses is 15/4/2008.

News in Brief
Pupil wins £10,000 to fuel bike campaign
Sixteen-year-old Tom Sparks has convinced the Scottish Government to back his cycle-
toschool campaign to the tune of £10,000 from the Young Persons Challenge Fund.
Tom’s ‘Pedals Not Petrol’ project at James Gillespie's High School in Edinburgh, will
award points to pupils for every day they cycle to school to convert into high street
shop vouchers. The funding will also go towards an after-school bike club and a

100+ businesses sign up to sustainable travel planning
More than 100 companies have signed up to the Government's National Business
Travel Network dedicated to promoting sustainable travel plans to help tackle climate
change whilst maintaining profitability. Members include Asda, AstraZeneca, B&Q, BAA,
BBC, BMW, Boots, British Land, BSkyB, BT, Capshop, Computershare, Cooperative
Bank, Deloitte, Debenhams, E.ON UK, EDF Energy, GSK, HBOS, IBM, ICI, IKEA,
National Express, Next, O2, Orange, Pfizer, Royal Bank of Scotland, Sainsbury's,
Somerfield, Virgin Trains and Vodafone. The Network forms a part of the cross-
government climate change campaign, ACT ON CO2. www.nbtn.org.uk

Capital Benchmarking
The London Cycling Benchmarking Project, funded by Transport for London, has
been very successful so far with eight visits now completed. A further three visits are due
in 2008 and a Consolidation Workshop planned for April 2008. The best practice case
studies from Hackney, Lambeth and Islington are now
at www.ctc.org.uk/Default.aspx?TabID=4501#Hackney

Camden appoints Cycling Champion
Cllr Paul Braithwaite has become the first Cycling Champion for the London Borough
of Camden. A committed cyclist, Cllr Braithwaite will spearhead Camden Council’s
efforts to ensure cyclists’ interests are properly considered.

Update from Demonstration Towns
Cycling England’s six ‘Cycle Demonstration Towns’ (CDTs) reported back to other local
authorities on their experiences so far at a conference in November. Aylesbury, Brighton
& Hove, Darlington, Derby, Exeter and Lancaster with Morecambe are all using the
money in different ways but were all able to report early signs of increased cycle
use. For the results from the CDTs, see: www.cyclingengland.co.uk/dt_cyclingtowns-of-

Bill could be a Blow for London Cyclists
CTC has responded to a Private Bill that introduces several potentially anti-
cyclist provisions. Sponsored by Westminster Council (on behalf of all London
councils) and Transport for London, the Bill seeks to give boroughs in London the power
to remove ‘any item deposited on the highway’ - not excluding cycles. Furthermore, they
are proposing to enable local authorities to vary the level of penalty notice handed down
to cyclists on the pavements. We would prefer that first offenders be offered the chance
to attend cycle training. One positive idea in the Bill is to make Advanced Stop Lines
stricter and allow them to be enforced by cameras – something we would like to
see undertaken nationally, not just in the capital.
www.tfl.gov.uk/corporate/abouttfl/publications/2878.aspx / for CTC’s response see

20mph in North Tyneside
North Tyneside Council has made orders for 20mph speed limits in several local estates,
as part of a programme to cut road casualties. The limit will apply to nearly 80 roads, a
number of them near schools. Extensive consultations have been carried out with
residents and the police. Enforcement measures vary: some streets have no traffic
calming features, whilst speed cushions and humps have been installed or are planned
for others. www.northtyneside.gov.uk

Partnerships & Agreements
What are LSPs and LAAs and what’s in them for cycling?
Chris Peck, CTC’s Policy Coordinator investigates
In November the Government published an array of documents setting out the
‘new performance framework’ for local government. This reforms the process of
agreeing priorities and targets on a variety of social, economic and environmental
Local Strategic Partnerships in England ( LSPs - see box) have chosen up to 35 from
198 indicators and decided, in negotiation with national government, ‘stretch targets’
to work towards in a Local Area Agreement ( LAAs - see box).

Three of the national indicators cover cycling directly. Numbers 175, 176 and 198 in turn
cover access to facilities and employment by sustainable transport and mode of
travel used to access school. On top of these there are others that could also usefully
relate to cycling: two indicators on childhood obesity, two on adult and child participation
in sport and two on adult and child road casualties.

Funding sources from several different Government departments are being rolled into
one locally administered grant stream (and reduced in the process!) to be
channelled specifically towards meeting LAA targets. So far the Department for
Transport has succeeded in preventing the Local Transport Plan grant from being
absorbed into this stream.

Although the possibility of directing further funding and attention towards
sustainable transport measures seems attractive, the fear remains that the
Government’s devolutionary agenda will not alter the situation in the many local
authorities where cycling and sustainable transport receives very little attention.

CTC is preparing an information sheet on getting the best out of LSP/LAAs for cycling.
For a copy when it’s available, please contact chris.peck@ctc.org.uk / 01483 238313

For more on the national indicators, to be implemented from April 2008,
see: www.communities.gov.uk/local government/performanceframeworkpartnerships/nat

For more on LSPs and LAAs generally, see: www.neighbourhood.gov.uk

  What are Local Strategic Partnerships? Now becoming fully operational, LSPs are
  led by local authorities but involve stakeholders such as health authorities,
  local businesses, emergency services and non-governmental organisations. The
  intention is for them to bring together the shared interests of the above groups, leading
  to a local decisionmaking process that is both inclusive and efficient. CTC campaigners’
  experience with pilot LSPs so far indicates that the quality of decision making and
  discussion varies greatly, but some have found them a useful channel for negotiating
  better provision for and understanding of local cycling.

  What are Local Area Agreements? LAAs are three year arrangements made between
  local authorities, through discussion with LSPs, and national government.
  National government will assess the performance of local authorities based on how well
  they meet their LAA targets.

Budget Power for the People
Following successful pilot schemes, the Government is increasing the number of areas
where people are given a direct say in how council money is spent. This will enable
communities to take control of budgets through communityled debates, neighbourhood
votes and public meetings. Initiatives can include better transport solutions. Training for
local people on how council budgets work and how priorities are set is also on offer.

Newcastle, Bradford, Sunderland, Salford, Manton and Lewisham will now be joined by
Thanet, Wiltshire, Dartford, Sefton, Cornwall, Lancaster, Mansfield, Suffolk, Leicester,
Wirral, Reigate & Banstead and Buckinghamshire. Communities Secretary Hazel Blears
wants all local authorities to follow suit within five years.
For more see ‘community kitty’ national press release 4/12/07 at www.gnn.gov.uk/

Government Petitions for Petitions
The Government is consulting on proposals to require councils to respond to petitions
submitted by local people. Under the proposed new measures local people could ask
their local councillor to trigger a ‘select committee’ style hearing to debate the issue if the
council ignores a petition or the response is unsatisfactory. Petitions could relate to any
issue for which the local authority has responsibility, including
cycling. www.communities.gov.uk/publications/localgovernment/ petitionscalls

Crossing News from Gateshead
Gateshead has installed a £60,000 ‘doubledecker’ Pegasus crossing to help ramblers,
horseriders and cyclists get over the busy A692 Watergate Bank to the Tanfield Railway
Path. The light-controlled feature has two push-button controls, one low down for
pedestrians and cyclists, the other higher up for riders, so that they don’t have to
dismount. More good news from Gateshead – the Millennium Bridge, built in 2001, has
led to a huge increase in the numbers of people crossing the River Tyne by
cycle, according to Gateshead Council. Before the bridge opened, around 50,000
cycle trips were being made each year over the Tyne Bridge, but the Millennium
Bridge has now attracted an additional 94,000. www.gateshead.gov.uk

Bus and Bikes - the Ideal Company
By Dave Holladay
When Hitrans (the statutory transport partnership in the Highlands & Islands of Scotland)
specified cycle carriage on the bus service linking Tarbert, Kennacraig, and Claonaig
ferry terminals across the Argyll Peninsula, they had to shuffle buses around to get the
appropriate vehicle to the operator; but it speaks volumes when the same hard-headed
commercial bus operator, West Coast Motors, actually orders a new bus to the
same specification for use on an existing route and elsewhere on rural services. After
its introduction last summer, the new vehicle carried over 100 bikes, providing
valuable additional passengers.

The vehicles are Optare Solos, an increasingly popular small bus for rural bus routes.
The first bike bus versions were used in Sheffield for the Bradfields/Rivelin Rural Links
network - reported to be carrying around 30 bikes per month. Practically any route with
this sort of vehicle, where off-peak (i.e. school time) loadings are low, can become a bike
bus, and in some instances the driver will appreciate having another person to talk to!

The ultimate level of use reported in the UK is on Stagecoach's Express interurban route
through Moray, which serves the MTB trails at Fochabers and takes up to 8 bikes on a
coach - 16% of the seated capacity. Almost all Stagecoach Express coach services
carry bikes, including Oxford Tube, but boarding points may be limited for obvious
reasons. Stagecoach also carries bikes on the AD122 Hadrian's Wall and the 505
Windermere-Coniston bus services.

CTC would love to see more operators prepared to do this. We're also looking at the
Veluwe Park region in the Netherlands where all bus services after 09.30 carried bikes
for a small fare in 2006 and 2007.

Bedford Station Gets 50% Increase in Bike Parking Capacity
First Capital Connect has delivered 120 more cycle parking spaces and binned
the hated ‘wheelbender’ units at Bedford station. They have also provided a
specific area for motorbikes, which had previously taken up cycle spaces. This
follows monitoring of the use of cycle parking by local users, and a partnership
between Bedfordshire Council and First to fund the work.

With almost all of Bedford & Kempston within a 15 minute (3 mile) bike ride of
the station, and many London commuters having to catch early trains before the
bus services get going at normal daytime frequencies, the choice for many is to drive or
cycle, and increasing numbers are finding that cycling is best. Next on the agenda is St
Albans, where road conditions mean that driving to the station can take well over 20
minutes of slow and tiring motoring, replaceable by a 5-10 minute bike ride.

Oxford Campaigns Conferences
CTC CTC, Cycle Campaign Network (CCN) and Cyclox, the Oxford Cycle Campaign,
held a very well attended day-long best practice seminar in Oxford for local authority
officers on 16th November. The meeting discussed issues of road design and cycle
infrastructure, particularly the promotion and application of the ‘hierarchy of solutions’.
For the presentations see: www.ctc.org.uk > campaigns and policy >
campaigning events

The next day CTC, CCN and Cyclox also organised a national conference on climate
change and cycling. Around 100 delegates heard from keynote speaker Mark Lynas,
author and activist on climate change, participated in a debate on facilities for urban
cycling (particularly the relatively new concept of ‘cycle permeability’) and a series of
workshops led by expert campaigners.

Notes from some of the workshops, including planning gain for cyclists, major
road crossings and cycling & the media are available on the above mentioned website.
You’ll also find CTC Campaigns and Policy Manager Roger Geffen’s presentation on
Cycle Campaigning: Where are we at and where are we going? And Filtered
Permeability: Giving the advantage to the bikeby Steve Melia.
The next CTC/CCN conference is due in Cambridge in May 2008, hosted by Cambridge
Cycling Campaign. Details when confirmed will be available on CTC’s website, or email

Kirklees Greenway Network Best in Europe
Yorkshire's traffic-free greenway network in Kirklees has won first prize for mobility in
the 2007 European Greenway Awards. The award recognises the activities of Sustrans
and Kirklees Council for encouraging and promoting the use of this purpose built, motor-
traffic free route for walkers, cyclists and wheelchair users.

CTC’s Right to Ride representative and member of the Kirklees Cycling Forum, Melvyn
Gibson, puts it down to the combined and focused efforts of Sustrans and the Forum.
“Now that they have recognised the strategic and leisure potential,” he says “Kirklees
Council has been spurred on to building more and more routes on old railways.”

Ride Beside the Seaside – by-laws lifted in Lowestoft
Waveney District Council in Suffolk has accepted changes in by-laws that will
allow cyclists to ride along Lowestoft's seafront promenade. County planners
advised against the move on grounds of public safety, and some councillors feared
that cyclists and pedestrians could be a dangerous mix, but the local council
favoured the idea as public opposition dwindled and sound support manifested itself in
letter after letter in the Lowestoft Journal.

CTC’s Right to Ride representative, John Thompson, advocate of the scheme for years,
said "I'm delighted by this change of heart by the majority of the Council's
elected members. The Lowestoft seafront runs parallel to London Road South (A21),
the main entrance and exit road to and from the southern end of the town. It is always
very busy, particularly at commuter times. It is clear from talking to people and letters to
the local press that this road is one of the biggest deterrents to more cycling in

“As the sea front runs parallel, cyclists will have a motor-traffic free route, which
won’t involve any further distance other than a few hundred yards along a short
residential road.

“Although there are other things that need to be done to make Lowestoft more
cyclefriendly, I am confident that this will encourage more cycling. Lowestoft already has
above average cycling levels so it will be interesting to see how much higher they get. “It
could also make a contribution to encouraging more cycle touring in the area. Waveney's
gentle terrain and quiet country lanes makes it ideal for newcomers and families. What
better to finish a ride than with a cup of tea or ice cream on Lowestoft's lovely seafront
and perhaps a swim?"

Branch Line Revitalised
Part of a former Great Western Railway branch line in Warwickshire, first opened in
1876, has been re-vitalised. The line that connected Alcester to the Stratford-on-Avon
railway at Bearley had mixed fortunes and was closed and re-opened on a number of
occasions. It carried grain, imported through Bristol, to the mill at Great Alne and some
of the flour produced was distributed by rail to Birmingham. During World War II it took
workers from Coventry to the Maudslay Motor Works, which had been re-sited for
strategic reasons at the direction of the Government in Great Alne.

The section of line in Alcester was acquired some years ago by the Town Council.
Recently, together with Stratford District Council and Warwickshire County Council, a
partnership was formed to create a shared-use cycleway and footway. The need for this
facility together with other cycle provision was identified as part of the ‘Bikes in Alcester’
project during the initial public consultation stage of the local Market Town Initiative.

The works undertaken include widening, tarmacing and drainage improvements. An
all weather surface is therefore now available to those using the route for travel
from residential areas to centres of employment and for people cycling and walking for
leisure. The last phase of ‘Bikes in Alcester’ funded by the District and County Councils
starts this year with further improvements to connections between residential and
employment areas.

The consulting engineer to the works was David Miller, a CTC member.

As One Path Opens…
A cry of protest, headed by Sustrans, has greeted proposals for a high speed bus route
alongside much of the Bristol and Bath Railway Path, the most popular route on the
National Cycle Network. Sustrans is all for high quality public transport schemes, but not
if they undermine walking and cycling facilities. They argue that reallocation of road
space into dedicated bus lanes would be a much better option. www.sustrans.org.uk
 > News release 23/01/2008

New Publications…
    Top Tips for Campaigners by Tess Kingham and Jim Coe (National Council for
     Voluntary Organisations)
Report on the patterns characterising winning charity campaigns over the past
decade, giving ten key elements to success, from selecting the right issue to promoting
a campaigning culture in a whole organisation. Also looks at what goes wrong. Read this
for the voice of experience – and for inspiration. 52 pages. Call 020 7520 2577 for a
paper copy (free, but charge for p&p). Download: www.ncvo-vol.org.uk/ce

   Means of transportation to work and overweight and obesity: A population-
    based study in southern Sweden by Martin Lindström
Study of almost 17,000 participants that found that walking and cycling to work
significantly reduces the risk of overweight and obesity; and that public transportation is
significantly negatively associated with overweight + obesity and obesity among men.
www.sciencedirect.com/ (search for title)

 What’s the evidence? Cycling & Health (Cycling England)
Report reviewing all the available evidence on the health benefits of cycling, pulling
it together in one place. An essential reference guide for health practitioners &
those promoting the ‘cycling is good for you’ message. 27 pages. 020 7260 2782 /
Download: www.cyclingengland.co.uk

 Transport Trends - 10th edition (Department for Transport)
An introduction to the major trends in transport and travel in Great Britain over the past
25 years, intended as a companion volume to Transport Statistics Great Britain. Free.
020 7944 4846 / publicationgeneral.enq@dft.gsi.gov.uk
Download: www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/statistics/datatables publications/trends

   Making personal travel planning work: research report (Department for
Report, prepared for the DfT by ITP Ltd, on Personal Travel Planning (PTP), a
technique that delivers information, incentives and motivation to individuals to help
them make sustainable travel choices. Says that PTP has been reported to reduce
the number of car driver trips by 11%, and the distance travelled by car by 12%; and
that it offers value for money for local authorities. 163 pages. Summary and case studies
also available separately. Free from DfT Publications (contact details above) or
download from www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/sustainable/travelplans

   Understanding the travel needs, behaviour and aspirations of people in later
    life / Understanding the travel aspirations, needs and behaviour of young
    adults (Department for Transport)
Two publications based on follow-up interviews with National Travel
Survey respondents. Happily older people see the bicycle as a ‘pleasant way to
travel around’; sadly, the report on young adults says, ‘The distances travelled by
bicycle by this age group are perhaps surprisingly low.’ Car travel was their main
mode. www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/scienceresearch/social/

 Home Zones: Challenging the future of our streets (Department for Transport)
Although not intended as a design manual, this is a useful good practice guide on Home
Zone design and scheme development. Looks at the process, community involvement,
design, implementation and what has been achieved. 100 pages. Free. Printed copy
including a CD of scheme summaries, from DfT Publications, PO Box 236, Wetherby,
West Yorkshire, LS23 7NB 0870 122 6236 / dft@twoten.press.net

 Sustainable design, climate change and the built environment (CABE)
Briefing paper setting out what the Commission for Architecture and the
Built Environment (CABE) will do to address the issues of sustainable design for places
and space, climate change and the action needed from the public and private sectors. 8
pages. Download: www.cabe.org.uk/AssetLibrary/10661.pdf
CABE is also developing an online resource on sustainable design with England's core
cities www.cabe.org.uk

 The Environment in your Pocket (Defra)
Annual booklet giving trends and statistics on environmental issues, with
several indicators of sustainable development and a section looking at pressures on
the environment. Includes coverage of transport. 76 pages. Free. 08459 556000
/ defra@cambertown.com www.defra.gov.uk/environment/statistics/ eiyp/index.htm
 2007 Survey of Attitudes and Behaviour in Relation to the Environment (Defra)
Report giving a picture of what people in England think, and how they behave, on issues
relevant to the environment, including transport and climate change. Of interest to those
trying to understand attitudes to car use, reasons for driving and local utility travel and
useful reading for anyone looking to ‘sell’ cycling as an environmental
benefit. www.defra.gov.uk/environment/statistics/pubatt/index.htm

Defra has also discovered that parents and the retired are more likely to adopt
proenvironmental behaviours www.defra.gov.uk/news/2007/071123b.htm

   Crap Cycle Lanes – 50 worst cycle lanes in Britain (Warrington Cycle
    Campaign/Eye Books Ltd)
Small, hardcover book inspired by the renowned ‘Facility of the Month’ feature
at www.warringtoncyclecampaign.co.uk. Images and assessments blend humour with
serious messages about the need to address some laughable deficiencies in provision
for cyclists. Royalties go to the Cyclists’ Defence Fund - www.cyclistsdefencefund.org.uk
£4.99. IBSN 1 – 903070 – 58 – 9. 0845 450 8870 / info@eye-books.com /

 Mobile phone use by drivers 2005-2007 (TRL)
DFT commissioned a study of some 100,000 vehicles at 30 sites in the South East,
suggesting that the number of car drivers using hand-held mobile phones at the wheel
has dropped: 1% were seen committing the offence, compared with 1.7% the year
before. Download from Reports and Publications > Free reports at www.trl.co.uk

Diary Date…
18th March 2008
Bolton University
Infrastructure Design for Cycle Traffic
Topics include:
• Innovation in design;
• Design and the safety audit process;
• Facilities and national standard cycle training;
• Differentiation between guidance and standards;
• Shared surfaces and tactile paving.

Specialist speakers drawn from local authorities, consultancies and user groups,
including Guide Dogs for the Blind.
£150 / £55 concessionary (see website for terms)
01204 903 657, lh4@bolton.ac.uk

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