JOURNAL OF WILLARD RICHARDS1
Mt. Pisgah to W. Branch 4 Tuesday, June 2, 1846
Prairie 7 Wednesday, June 3, 1846
Bronberry Hill 20 Thursday, June 4, 1846
Prairie 4 Friday, June 5, 1846
Ring 12 Saturday, June 6, 1846
Pleasant Valley 7 Sunday, June 7, 1846
Creek 14 Monday, June 8, 1846
Nishboarobotony 16 Tuesday, June 9, 1846
General Encampment 11 Thursday, June 11, 1846
West Fork 9 Friday, June 12, 1846
Mosquito 10 Saturday, June 13, 1846
Thursday, May 21, 1846. Mt. Pisgah. Pottawattamie [Pottawatamie] Lands. Some rain
during the night and a heavy rain in the morning till 9 1\2 [9:30 a.m.], when a clear sky began to
appear. Commissary John D. Lee started for Missouri on a trading excursion with beds, etc.
One mare rode by Albert Dunham, etc. l0 1\2 [10:30], [a] general council assembled in front of
President’s tent, viz., B. Young, H. C. Kimball, P. P. Pratt, O. Pratt, George A. Smith, A. Lyman,
W. Richards, and all the brethren. The postmaster read the superscription of letters remaining in
office, preparatory to dead letter office. President Kimball stated that "the time had come for
the brethren to decide whether the Twelve should go on or stay, and let the brethren go on," that
President Young and ... year but they had fed it to the camp, to the brethren who came out
without means. The people have stripped the Twelve and not the Twelve the people, and he
wanted it published to the nations that unless the people let the Twelve go and find a place, the
Church will be scattered. A motion was made that the brethren fit out the Twelve for the
mountains, a part voted in favor and a part did not vote either way, and 3, Young, Kimball and
Richards, voted that the 12 stay and fit out the brethren.
15 minutes to 11, President Young spoke confirming Brother Kimball's statements of the
sectarian conversions of the world and the gathering of Israel, that the Church was told publicly
at Nauvoo that those authorities of the Church against whom all the artillery of the enemy was
aimed should be removed, but we had to stop at Sugar Creek three weeks to get teams to draw
out Bishop Whitney and William Clayton with the public property they had in charge such as
mill irons, saws, guns, etc. , while there were 50 teams lying at Sugar Creek loaded with families
that neither God, man, nor the devil cared about, and rising of 800 men reported themselves
without a fortnight’s provision; that he had a year’s provision for his family but had fed it all out,
and now if the brethren will continue to tie our hands so that we cannot find a resting place,
where is Zion? Don't know, and where is your gospel? You have none. Bishop Whitney and
William Clayton and the artillery and public stores have not teams to go on, neither has Dr.
Richards, and the Lord’s House must be established in the tops the mountain where the people
may gather, the Saints receive their endowments, and the Lord hide Israel while his indignation
Journal of Willard Richards, Volume 15, 21 May 1846 to 27 August 1846, holograph, LDS
Church Archives. Grammar has been standardized.
shall pass by.
President Young called on those who wanted to help to give their names, when was offered by
Daniel Davis one yoke oxen, Stephen Hadlock one cow, James Gully one yoke oxen. President
Young said the brethren had not better all settle together as timber was scattered and a few
families might locate together. Elder William Huntington was elected president of Mt. Pisgah
to attend to all matters spiritual and temporal, and Ezra T. Benson and Charles C. Rich,
counselors, with the expectation...
Lorenzo Young and Jedediah M. Grant spoke in favor of fitting out the Twelve. P. P. Pratt
advised the brethren who should tarry to counsel with their Presidency in their locations, etc.
Bishop Miller wanted the President to command the teams [which he declined doing], and urged
the importance of fitting out the Twelve. Joseph Wharthen offered one yoke oxen, William
Perkins one yoke oxen, Andrew Perkins one yoke oxen, and one wagon by Noah Green, wagon
now with E. Shumway. Jacob Houtz [offered] two yoke oxen, William H. Shepherdson said he
could spare two horses and a wagon.
[At] 1\4 1 [12:45], council adjourned to reassemble at sound of horn. Sky mostly clear. Wind
cont. [continued]. At 2, President Young rode out on horseback. Andrew Lytle says [there
was] one span [of] horses and wagon belonging to James Brinkerhoof, if wanted. Postmaster
wrote, read, and bound 20 letters. George P. Dykes arrived about 4 p.m. with 13 souls.
Presidents Young and Kimball returned from the next creek west about 4 miles where they found
a place for a bridge about 6. Cloudy and considerable thunder. Historian sat at his desk 7
hours. Brother P. Pratt wrote to the Saints at Nauvoo concerning Brother Higginbotham, signed
Brigham Young, W. Richards, clerk [on file]. About 7 p.m. [there was] a severe thunderstorm
with heavy rain from the west.
Friday, May 22, 1846. Mt. Pisgah. Wind west. Cloudy, but broken. Occasional showers
through the night. [In the morning] a.m., Presidents Young and Kimball had an interview with
President Huntington and counseled about a location for a farm, etc. Benjamin Gardner, Joseph
B. Peck, Chandler Holbrook, and Josiah Arnold received honorable discharges from the first 50
to return for their families. At 2 p.m. the brethren assembled at sound of horn, when President
Young requested those who intended going west to separate themselves from the rest, when most
of the people separated themselves from the meeting. Voted that those who stop [will] labor
together in large field. Voted that those persons who will not hearken to the counsel of the
presidents left to preside over them, but withdraw here and there to make farms of their own,
shall be... The President remarked that if any person went unprepared, after all that had been
said, the consequences should be upon their own heads, for they need not expect assistance from
those who had prepared themselves.
The names and number of teams offered on yesterday to carry public property, etc., were read,
when Dr. Meeks offered one yoke oxen and a poor wagon. Voted that those who intend leaving
with the Twelve assist their brethren who tarry with their teams, building, ploughing, etc., etc.
[minutes on file signed by B. Y., O. Pratt organization]. Day pleasant with many clouds flying,
and very warm. James Bean arrived in camp with 8 in his family and several others. About 7,
Presidents Young, Kimball, Richards, Bishop Whitney, Lorenzo Young, A. P. Rockwood and
others walked in a northeast direction through P. P. Pratt's encampment about half a mile to a
spring which the brethren had ditched near the foot of the high bluff. The water clear and cold
rising out of quick sand, running half a barrel or more per minute, and the taste indicated an
impregnation of iron, but no oxide appeared on the banks. Returned at 3. Sky clear WNW
Saturday, May 23, 1846. Mt. Pisgah. South wind. Clear. Presidents Young and Kimball
went north of headquarters and looked a place for four houses which they design to build, and
were engaged after that in fitting wagons etc., etc., and counseling, and at 41\2 [4:30] came into
the post office and heard the recorder read two letters for Henry Jacobs and two for Oliver
Huntington concerning their English mission which they have been appointed unto, and a letter
to print William Huntington, stating his authority at Mt. Pisgah, all of which the President
[At 5:10] 5 and 10 min., Elder John Taylor arrived from Nauvoo with a mail of 72 letters and
packages. His encampment arrived from the farm at the same time and met near Mt. Pisgah.
H. G. Sherwood and Hazen Kimball returned from the Indian encampment at a late hour and
reported they had been 50 miles to the Indian encampment, instead of 15 as was represented.
Found them very friendly, but no chiefs. Expected some of the Pottawattamies [Pottawatamies]
would be here in four or five days. Many teams arrived in camp from...
Sunday, May 24, 1846. Mt. Pisgah. Rain in the a.m. [morning; afternoon] p.m. cloudy. At
noon the camp was called to gather at the sound of the horn, but few came. President Young
addressed the assembly and told the people the time had come when he should command them
what to do, inasmuch as they were not willing to hearken to counsel without being commanded.
Levi W. Hancock, H. C. Kimball, Father John Smith, John Taylor, Bishop Miller, William
Huntington, P. P. Pratt, Joshua Holman, Amasa Lyman and President Young again all spoke to
show the Saints their duty and the plan of salvation, the right way to fit out a company for the
mountains, and till the farm at this place.
Monday, May 25, 1846. Mt. Pisgah. A heavy shower at 5 a.m.; cloudy, wind east. John D.
Lee returned from his trading voyage, finding the river so high he could not cross at Miller’s
settlement. Preached on Sunday and the people gave him $l4.75. Learned from four Indian
traders and others that we could do better to fall back in that neighborhood for provisions than go
on to the Plato [Platte], etc., as flour would be 8 or 10 dollars per bushel at the Bluffs. Clancy,
an Indian trader, came up with him to camp. At 8 a.m., President Young come in the post office
and wrote an order to the trustees for boards for a wagon box to Joseph B. Peck.
At l0 1\4 [10:15], Presidents Young, Kimball, Taylor, Richards, Bishop Whitney, and John D.
Lee reported his mission as before stated in council at the post office. President Young
suggested that we load our wagons intended for provisions with goods, send them trading for
grain, etc., and have them meet us at Council Bluffs. Adjourned to receive a yoke of oxen from
Isaac Miller. Wind south, cloudy. Council wrote a letter of consolation to James Richardson
of Nauvoo, enclosing an order for Richardson to have a team, wagon, and other necessary fixings
of the trustees because the title to the land he bought of the Church [was] not proving good. At
4 p.m., President Young, who was at work preparing to journey, heard said letter and others, read
and signed them, which was followed by a sudden shower from the south of about two minutes
duration, then calm with occasional thunder and lightning, when the rain fell in torrents till about
10, when the stars shone.
Tuesday, May 26, 1846. Mt. Pisgah. Wind west, flying clouds. Many brethren called for
counsel, and Presidents Young and Kimball spent most of the a.m. in the post office in counsel.
Richards Sessions one wagon, two yoke oxen and driver. Joseph Horn one yoke oxen, wagon
teamster, and provision. Jabus Nowlin 800 lbs. cartage, one cow. John Oakly two sovereigns.
President Young wrote to trustees at Nauvoo to stop payment of $90 due Staley on note because
of the false reports he had circulated concerning his team in saying he had given it to Brother
Brigham when he had received $110 of the $200 in payment, and for abusing Brother C. C. Rich.
Also turned out a span of horses, wagon, and harness on receipt of William Leffingwell and John
G. Adams for David W. Adams, to answer on order of $160 on the trustees not paid.
[Afternoon] p.m. very pleasant. At 4, Charles Shumway arrived, having been out nine days
and mostly without food from the Missouri River in company with George Herring. Presidents
Young, Kimball, and Richards met them as they dismounted and had a chat. Repaired to the
post office where they set, and left [at] 5 1\4 [5:15]. Daniel Lewis and 14 others reported the
number of their families at 95, wagons 24, yoke oxen 43, horses 18, cattle 74, sheep 82, and
submitted to the council whether they should go on. This was the first company that ever made
a voluntary report on company.
President Young told Daniel and O. Spencer that he dreamed, asleep or awake, that the Spirit
said to him, tell Daniel to gather up what teams, tools, and seed and men he can, and go on and
let Orson stay and take care of the families and bring them on, etc. William Clayton arrived at
Wednesday, May 27, 1846. Mt. Pisgah. Slight shower in the morning, wind south. [In the
morning] a.m. 8, wrote the trustees at Nauvoo to send 25, or at least 20, bushels of New England
yellow corn to Council Bluffs, sent by Adam. Tolerably pleasant till near 10 o'clock, and at 11,
sky mostly clouded and very warm. Father Baker and two others rode in on horseback, said the
14 teams in their company would be in three hours, four weeks from Nauvoo. Cloudy, and the
brethren very busy repairing and fitting wagons for their journey, ploughs for the farm, etc., till
4½ [4:30] p.m. The Saints have got to become so pure that their bodies will be changed in a
moment as Jesus’ was, and not rest in the grave a 100 or a thousand years. Meeting adjourned
12. [At] 25 minutes to 3, rain commenced and continued powerfully till 3, when Presidents
Young, Kimball, Richards, Lyman and etc. and a few assembled at the stand. Cloudy.
Brother Noah Rogers died in his tent about 12 and 20 min. [12:20] p.m., Presidents Young and
Richards having spent an hour in President Kimball's wagon. After awhile, O. Pratt, G. A.
Smith, A. Lyman, William Huntington and council arrived. Amasa Lyman prayed. Slight rain.
President Young presiding, voted that Brother Robert Campbell be clerk and postmaster at Mt.
Pisgah, that the Presidency divide the lots, when it is formed in lots, and let the brethren cast lots
for 20 acres, 10 acres, 5 acres, etc., etc.. the brethren who are going to carry all the provision they
can. We calculate to carry upwards of 200 lbs. None must go with less than 200. The
brethren are forbidden to go unless they are prepared with plenty of food, etc., and teams are
wanted for to carry blacksmiths, viz., Brother Peck and tools. About ... of the brethren present
voted they were going, and enough to heed Brother Rich. Two voted to take Brother Peck.
President Young told them to make every man who wanted blacksmithing, to make them pay till
they bought the whole Co [company].
We want all the public tents to be given up that can be tomorrow, and the remainder to be given
up soon to the Presidency here, to be sent on to us. Elder Kimball thought the brethren had
better take the ends out of the tents (ironically), and wanted to get five yoke oxen of the brethren
who stay and pay them in oxen at Nauvoo. W. Richards wanted four yoke oxen, two log chains,
can pay at Nauvoo about half. The assembly voted they were going to stay and get ready to go
to work. Counselor Rich said they wanted the brethren to make rails and plough tomorrow.
Meeting dismissed at 25 minutes past 5 by President Kimball. President Young gave notice
[that] all who want to purchase grain must be agreed about it and not raise the price. Many lost
goods were cried off, and Brother W. Richards said he had borrowed a fish hook and had
forgotten the one he borrowed it of, and enquired the owner.
[At] 7 p.m., Lorenzo D. Butler received his letters for the English mission, also Henry B. Jacobs
for himself and Oliver B. Huntington, and a letter to George A. Webb to fit them out.
June, 1, 1846. Monday. Mt. Pisgah. Rained last night and until 9 a.m. At 1 1\2 [1:30] p.m.,
George W. Hickeson took eight letters for Nauvoo. Pleasant. 2 p.m., President Young came in
the office, overhauled several old letters, wrote an order on trustees in favor of Elisha Wilcox
$25, wrote Erastus H. Derby in reply to his of the 24 ult. (on file on the same letter), Joel Ricks
paid 1\2 eagle, or $5.00, and five cows and three calves. James Olive paid $2.00 cash.
President introduced George W. Brown to Dr. Richards to drive a team for him. [4:30] 4 1\ 2
p.m., some of first 50 began to move across the river. At 5, Horace Rockwell arrived with mail
from Nauvoo, 20 letters, half a dozen packages of papers. Ezra T. Benson paid l2 1\2 cents
postage for a letter for the benefit of the post master, which was refused but accepted as a gift.
[At 8:30] 8 1\2, President B. Young, C. C. Rich, and Sister Young came in the office and heard a
letter from Edmund Ellsworth stating that the Nauvoons had stored Dr. Richard’s buggy, and
wrote a letter in behalf of council for Charles C. Rich to travel, regulate the churches, and gather
men to help him to the mountains (on file); also a letter to Major General Charles C. Rich to take
charge of the guns, public teams, etc., in hands of Colonel Hosea Stout, and send them on, etc.
(letter on file). Colonel Markham came in and chat continued till 11. Rain about 8 o'clock,
wind west and high. Most of first 50 that were going on passed over the river except the
President’s family wagon and carriage.
Tuesday, June 2, 1846. Mt. Pisgah. Cold. 10 a.m., President Young and family passed over
the river, returned at 3, signed letters of commendation for Ezra T. Benson, William Huntington,
and C. C. Rich, having signed an order to General Rich to take possession of the commissary
and send on before he started. W. Richards bought of Samuel Gully one yoke oxen $45, of
Thomas Been two yoke oxen and chair. $75 order on trustees, delivered all papers, etc.,
belonging the farm to President Huntington, and left the encampment at 1\4 before 7. [6:45] p.m.
Crossed the river and encamped for the night just as a thundershower commenced.
June 3, Wednesday, 1845. Grand River, West Fork. At 7, Dr. Richards passed on with his
team and arrived at and crossed the west fork of Grand River about 9, where he found President
Young and his camp. Gave an order on William Garner for a yoke of oxen to be delivered to
Joseph Horn, also an order on trustees to pay William H. Shepherdson $l60 for a team he let go
to carry church property. Thundershower at 10 a.m., cloudy. 12½ [12:30], B. Young, H. C.
Kimball, O. Pratt, J. Taylor, W. Richards, George A. Smith, Amos Fielding, William
Huntington, C. C. Rich, E. T. Benson, and A. P. Rockwood. Amos Fielding asked where it was
best for the emigrants to land on the western coast, and what shall the English society do with
their money. President Young said if Ward and Hedlock pursued the course they had and did
not repent and turn about they would destroy themselves, and suggested that it would be a good
investment for the British Joint Stock Company to purchase the Great Basin on a long credit, and
occasional instatements. Voted that an order be sent to the trustees to let Horace Rockwell have
a wagon and two yoke oxen to bring on his mother. Mary Isabella, wife of Joseph Horn, was
delivered of a daughter, Elizabeth Ann, at Garden Grove 5. min. to 11 a.m. [10:55 a.m.], reported
by Sister Sessions. Traveled 7 miles and encamped on the prairie.
Thursday, June 4. 1846. Prairie. Traveled 20 miles, encamped at Bromberry Hill.
Friday, June 5, 1846. Bromberry Hill. Amos Fielding came up to the encampment about 7,
and again wanted to know what he should say to the joint stock company. President Young said
he had no counsel to give, for Ward and Hedlock were not subject to counsel, but if they were
disposed to purchase the Great Basin for the Church, thought it would be a good appropriation.
Encamped on the prairie near a small creek after 14 miles travel, having forded what we
supposed the west branch of Grand River, and fall on in with the Indian trail to Council Bluffs.
Saturday, June 6, 1846. Prairie. Eleven oxen were missing this morning and were found 7
miles ahead. Traveled seven miles, and while stopped for dinner, there was a moderate shower
during which Bishop Whitney passed by to Elder Kimball who was a little ahead. [In the
afternoon went] p.m. eight miles and encamped in a circle of 72 wagons and carriages, and 15
more in sight. Ring encampment.
Sunday, June 7, 1846. Ring. [At 10:55] 5 min. to 11 a.m., Elder Kimball called the meeting to
order in the circle. Eight Indians present. Spoke of the old paths, traveling and tenting by the
way, and the spirit of the times. That the Saints and even their cattle were bound west., etc.
President Young commenced at 1\4 to 12 [11:45], and spoke of the great desire of the brethren to
be with the Twelve, and the duties of women to bear all the children they can lawfully, take care
of their children, keep them neat, clean, etc. Let no one go to Missouri to buy grain, etc., till he
is instructed, and the company travels in order by tens. Closed 1\4 to 1 [12:45] p.m. [At] 3,
started travel, seven miles, Pleasant Valley, weather very pleasant.
Monday, June 8, 1846. Pleasant Valley. Passed Pottawattamie [Pottawatamie], Iowa.
Crossed one branch of Nishonee Botany River on floodwood bridge and forded another. Saw
many Indians. Very friendly. Traveled 14 miles to a creek and crossed. Presidents Young,
Richards and Kimball visited Lorenzo Young, then retired to headquarters. President called
captains of tens and instructed them to move out in order, see that their guns were all cleaned.
Tuesday, June 9, 1846. Creek. Traveled 16 miles and encamped on the hill east of a fork of
the Nishonee Botany.
Wednesday, June 10, 1846. Nishonee Botony. Waited for General Miller to build a floodwood
bridge. The spare men, about 100, in the camp were engaged in making a road through the
woods, bridge, etc. Completed about 6 p.m.
Thursday, June 11, 1846. General Encampment. Traveled 10 miles. Encamped to build a
bridge over the west fork Nishonee Botony. General Miller has got one stringer over.
Presidents Young and Richards went down to the river to see it done. About 2 p.m., James W.
Cummings arrived at headquarters with Brother Potter; said Emmett had left his company with a
squaw and all the jewelry and seven horses, and gone to St. Peters, that Emmett's company was
at the fort 30 miles below the Bluffs, and John L. Butler with them, etc. Headquarters came up
with General Miller’s encampment and the Pioneers have called general encampment.
Friday, June 12, 1846. West fork Nishonee Botony. [At] 9 a.m. Brother Potter returned to
Emmett's company with a letter from council to fit themselves for the mountains, stay where
they are till they hear from us again. Traveled nine miles west from west fork of Nishonee.
Encamped on the east bank of a small tributary of the Nishonee Botony [Silver Creek], and
waited to build a bridge. Banks of the creek very miry. Some 30 or 50 cattle had to be pulled
out, which prevented building the bridge.
Saturday, June 13, 1846. Mosquito. Built a bridge over the west fork of the west Nishonee
Botony, traveled 10 miles, encamped on the hill near Mosquito Creek to build a bridge.
Miller’s, Spencer’s, and Parley’s companies encamped near the creek. Many baskets of
strawberries were picked here. Presidents Young and Richards were fishing from 5 to 6 p.m.
Tuesday, June 16, 1846. Mosquito. Caroline, wife of Alva L. Tibbetts, was delivered of a son
named Alva L. Tibbets, 11½ [11:30] p.m. Reported by Patty Sessions.
Wednesday, June 17, 1846. Constentia, wife of Jacob F. Hutchinson, was delivered of a son
named Jacob 7½ [7:30] a.m. Reported by Patty Sessions.
Friday, June 19, 1846. Mosquito Creek. Very warm and pleasant. [At] 9 a.m., Mr. Sarpee
and Gyren, interpreter, arrived in camp at post office, also Elders Young, Kimball, P. P. Pratt, O.
Pratt, John Taylor, George A. Smith, W. Richards, and Bishop Miller; had a long conversation
about the road, country, the climate, etc., etc., about Great Bear Valley. Mr. Sarpee offered
$l000 to have about 90,000 lbs. of peltry brought from the head of Grand Island, and 15 or 20
barrels of provisions and a horse. Bishop Miller took the job, and Sarpee and Gyren left about
11. Council wrote to William Huntington at Mt. Pisgah to send on the public tents, have Cutler,
Cahoon, and Chase come on, and for the Presidency to raise 100 mounted men, etc., for Guard,
Trustees, etc. (letter on file) .
Council wrote to O. Hyde to get money and means from Brother Boss; also to John L. Butler and
the Saints with him to come to the Ferry Point immediately, to go after the furs, etc. Thomas
Williams started with a mail of seven letters for Mt. Pisgah about 1 p.m. [From] 1 to 5 p.m.,
President Young went to pick strawberries; Elders Hyde and Kimball visited at the post office
from 4 to 5.
Saturday, June 20, 1846. Mosquito Creek. About 10 a.m., Presidents Young, Kimball, O.
Hyde, P. P. Pratt, O. Pratt, J. Taylor, W. Richards, and their families and the band and many
others from the camp started for town, and about 12 stopped at Major Mitchell's, the Indian
agent. Many Indians and others were assembled. Half Day and Hoby, two chiefs, were
introduced to the Presidency and band. After a few tunes, the Presidency, ladies and band dined
with Major Mitchell, 12 at a table, 6 tables. Then music and dancing and songs by Brother Kay
till about 6 ½ [6:30], when the party started for home. After Elder Kimball had broken one of
his carriages and the Presidency had traded at Mr. Sarpee’s store, and arrived home about 8½
[8:30]. All parties appeared highly delighted with the reports and amusements of the day and
the best of feelings were manifested by the citizens and Indians toward the Saints. A lady from
Fort Leavenworth told Brother Lewis that Boggs started with a company of emigrants for
Oregon, heard that 4,000 Mormons were on their way, and for fear they would find him and kill
him he had returned home to Independence, Missouri. President Young's best mule died this
day, and the first and second ten of the first 50 built a fence round their camp. [From] 10 to
11½ [11:30], President Young was in the post office writing to John D. Lee and W. W. Phelps.
Many teams arrived in camp this day. Wind east.
Sunday, June 21, l846. Mosquito. Meeting in a small grove on a small creek which runs west
emptying into Mosquito Creek. Present: B. Young, H. C. Kimball, O. Hyde, P. P. Pratt, O.
Pratt, John Taylor, George A. Smith, A. Lyman, W. Richards, Father John Smith, Bishop Miller.
At 12 noon O. Hyde addressed the assembly one hour. [Before meeting, Levi Stewart received
a letter to John D. Lee, and W. W. Phelps, and $100 from B. Young, and $50 from W. Richards
to carry to John D. Lee to buy cattle, and $11 to get spirits, turpentine, etc.] A. Lyman followed
till 20 min. to 2 p.m. Meeting notified for the brethren at 5 p.m. to attend to business. A part of
the council was at the post office during recess, and several Indians were about. Letters and
papers were received from Nauvoo, one from Dr. Bernhisel 10th instant, by Bickford.
[At 5:30] 5 ½ p.m., council assembled as in the morning and many of the brethren. Meeting
opened by prayer by George A. Smith. President Young called for [?] counter hewers for
building boats; eight volunteered, four carpenters, eight volunteered, eight narrow ax-men were
called for, nine offered, one dozen spades men, twelve volunteered, six yoke oxen at boat and
twelve at mill, one overseer, two wagons to draw planks, coal pit for each company, bridge over
the Horn is wanting, 60 teams were called for to go with Bishop Miller after peltry to start on
Thursday. P. P. Pratt spoke of the road and order of traveling. President Young told the
brethren not to ride another man’s horse without leave. 100 mounted men, wagons with
provisions, etc., for them, must be raised to guard the camp, and any man who sleeps on guard
will be punished. No matter how many teams go with General Miller, the hand of the Lord is in
it in bringing us from Nauvoo, and saved us from the war which is pending. Amos Fielding
counted 902 wagons in three days as he was returning to Nauvoo. All who will do as I
command, hold up the right hand, hands up generally. Government has provided that emigrants
may stay, where they cannot go through to the mountains. It is a law of the camp from proper
source that all dogs shall be chained during the night, or from sundown till 7 next morning, and if
any dog is found worrying sheep it may be shot without trial, voted unanimously. [At] 10
minutes past 7, meeting adjourned.
Twelve adjourned to post office. Some company passed a piece of bogus to the Pottawattamies
[Pottawatamies], and the Indians took an ox from the next company and killed it, and President
Young decided they did right. P. P. Pratt asked for oxen and wagon for Father Smith who had
lost an ox and had one team taken from him which was promised him to the mountains.
Meeting dismissed again. At 18 past 7, Dr. Levi Richards and Brother Van Cott arrived in camp
this day. Twelve had conversation freely on various subjects till 9 eve, and returned home.
Strong east wind all day.
Monday, June 22, 1846. Mosquito. Council wrote William Huntington and council to send on
the tents, also the general news of the day by Solomon Chamberlain, also to Brother Woodruff
to come on. President Young rode in his carriage to Mr. Wick's at the saw mill, calling by the
way at Brother Van Cott’s and taking with him Drs. Levi and Willard Richards and Joseph
Scofield to drive. Purchased boards, returned home by the prairie or flats of the river, took tea
at Brother Van Cott’s, and arrived home about sunset. President Young spent the evening in the
post office, and Dr. Richards wrote to Dr. Bernhisel. Closed at 12. Strong east wind all day.
Martha, wife of Seely Reaves, was delivered of a son James Seely, 12½ [12:30] p.m. Reported
by M. [Patty?] Sessions.
Tuesday, June 23, 1846. East wind. President Young read a letter to Dr. Bernhisel and signed
it. Also, wrote to a few in Nauvoo. Dr. R. [Richards?] wrote to trustees and Stephen
Longstroth, sent by Ezra Bickford, who left about 11. a.m. Rain had commenced with strong
wind from the east. At 12, Presidents Young, Kimball, and Taylor, at the post office reading
newspapers. [In the afternoon] p.m., heavy gale of wind. Two of President Young's tents blew
down. At 3, President Young sent Stirling Davis’ ponies to him in care of the Presidency at Mt
Pisgah, by Orrin Packard and William Fellows. 5 p.m., John F. Green arrived from Mt. Pisgah
with Nauvoo mail, 46 letters and packages of papers. Father Smith called at the post office, had
an interview with President Young and A. Lyman. Went to Elder Taylor's encampment. Wind
Wednesday, June 24, 1846. Missouri River. Cloudy and rain occasionally through the day.
Presidents Young, Kimball, Taylor, and others spent much of the time in the post office hearing,
reading, and talking on various subjects.
Thursday, June 25, 1846. Mosquito. Cloudy and foggy. A shower from 10 to 11 a.m.
Occasional showers till 2 p.m., when the clouds began to break, and so continued till about 5
when it commenced raining and continued till dark. About [afternoon] p.m., President Young
rode to the point in company with Charles Birch. Mr. Sarpee told President Young that Major
Mitchell had written to Colonel at Fort Kearney that the Mormons were conniving with the
Indians, had committed some depredations at Pottawattamie [Pottawatamie] town, and wanted
the dragoons to come up and keep the peace and prevent their uniting with the Indians to fight
the United States. Dr. Richards spent the [afternoon] p.m. with his brother Levi and returned at
dark, just after President Young returned from the point through mud, and spent the evening at
the post office in conversation about Joseph in Carthage Jail two years ago, etc., etc.
Friday, June 26, l846. Mosquito. Clear and pleasant. Some little flying clouds. Wind
northwest. Council, B. Young, H. C. Kimball, O. Hyde, P. P. Pratt, O. Pratt, John Taylor,
George A. Smith, A. Lyman, W. Richards, N. K. Whitney, A. P. Rockwood, John Smith,
George Grant, Levi Richards, assembled in council on the prairie north of headquarters at 11
a.m. Conversed about Mitchell’s writing to Fort Kearney for troops to take the Mormon leaders
and drive off the leaders, as related by Sarpee to President Young yesterday. Voted that O.
Hyde and N. K. Whitney go to Major Mitchell and inquire if he has written to Fort Kearney for
troops, and if so, learn the cause and get him to write a letter to counteract his former letter.
Council adjourned to Major Hunt’s camp two miles north where they dined, except Hyde and
Whitney who had leave to retire and visit Major Mitchell.
After dinner Major Hunt went with the council to headquarters where they separated, and
Presidents Young, P. P. Pratt, Kimball, and George A. Smith went to the boat, when Elders Hyde
and Whitney came to them and informed them that Major Mitchell said he had written no letter
to Fort Kearney except one he wrote some two months ago about Emmett's company; that since
his acquaintance with the Mormons his feelings had materially changed, that he had found them
gentlemen, and wished them well and would do all in his power to do them good; that he would
write to Fort Kearney if the committee wished it, but it was of no use as the officers had taken no
notice of his letters, and the officers wanted the Mormons to go forward to their destination.
Saturday, June 27, 1846. Mosquito. At 9½ [9:30] a.m., Presidents Young, Kimball, P.P. Pratt,
O. Pratt, Taylor, G. A. Smith, Richards, met in a council at post office. President Young related
Hyde and Whitney's report of their visit to Mitchell. President Young said if he organized the
camp as he pleased, he should form them all in one company to march in divisions, so as to form
one square if occasion should require the Twelve, all in the first division. Motioned by George
A. Smith and second by John Taylor, that John E. Page be cut off from the Quorum of the
Twelve Apostles. Voted unanimously. P. P. Pratt nominated Joseph Young. O. Pratt
nominated C. C. Rich. Young, Richards, and Kimball, E. T. Benson voted to have a general
council on the morrow, and the brethren be instructed to form a general encampment. Council
adjourned 12½ [12:30]. Presidents Young and Kimball rode out on the prairie.
Sunday, June 28, 1846. Mosquito Creek. [At 1:15] l 1/4 this morning, a severe storm of wind
and rain from the west blew down Captain Rockwood's tent and one of J. D. Lee's and others.
Morning pleasant. [Morning] a.m. cloudy, wind east. Brother Christman came up from the
point and said U. S. officers had arrived to enlist the Mormons to go and take Santa Fe, and if
they did not enlist should consider them as enemies and treat them accordingly. [At] 11,
Thomas Williams arrived from Mt. Pisgah with mail of 11 letters, one from William Huntington,
and reported the artillery within 15 miles. C. P. Lott, Cutler and Cahoon this side Mt. Pisgah.
Woodruff, Mt. Pisgah. Great rains there, some bridges gone, others afloat, which would retard
the progress of the brethren.
[At 11:30] 11½, meeting organized in the valley near where it was last Sabbath. Presidents
Young, Kimball, Hyde, P. Pratt, O. Pratt, Taylor, George A. Smith, W. Richards, and Father
Smith, present, and about 300 Saints. President Young addressed the assembly on the situation
of the Church, that no new thing has happened to us, others have been persecuted and killed.
All things are controlled to the perfecting of the Saints and the overthrow of the wicked.
Although an evil deed may bring good, yet a good deed may bring a greater good. If the elders
should be scattered instead of going to a place of rest and safety as we have contemplated, they
will preach the gospel and gather Israel the quicker. 1 o’clock and 1 min. p.m., President Young
closed, and Elder Kimball commenced and addressed the assembly. [He said] that the brethren
are better off than at Nauvoo. There, they could not get enough to eat. Here they have plenty.
15 minutes, post master called off letters and referred two years back to entering Nauvoo with
the dead bodies of the prophets. Meeting dismissed 20 min. 2 [1:40]. All the brethren to meet
for business at 5 p.m. if it rained in the morning. Heavy shower from the west. About 3,
Brother Miller came to the post office with Lieutenant Lincoln and Dr. Sanderson. At 4, Father
Smith, PresidentYoung, H. C. Kimball, P. Pratt, G. A. Smith, and W. Richards in council at the
post office. Read a sketch from the St. Louis New Era, that whipping and driving and
threatening were going ahead in Hancock County on the 11th. President Young proposed
sending a company from this to the great Bear River Valley without families forthwith. Voted
that two men be sent to Mt. Pisgah after men and means to go to the mountains, and that Parley
P. Pratt and ... [At 5:30] 5½, adjourned to public meeting to meet again.
After meeting, Taylor, and Hyde, and O. Pratt, were added to the council in general meeting.
The sheep owners were called forward by George A. Smith, 15 present, who voted to put their
sheep together and herd them to protect them from the wolves. O. Hyde proposed that the
different companies form on the different points around, and each company furnish a herdsman.
Voted that all the camps within 100 miles come near each other, the north or east limits Captain
Flake’s company, and herd their cattle. Moved by President Young that a delegate be sent to
every company and command them to come within half mile of the President’s. Voted John
Taylor be the delegate to notify the companies to come together tomorrow. 21 were volunteered
as spades men to prepare to launch the boat. An invitation was given to all to the launch at 2
p.m. tomorrow. All the caulkers are wanted early in the morning. President Young instructed
the brethren to enroll themselves in some company and report themselves, and a company will be
selected to go over the mountains and put in seed. All that men and hell can invent to hedge up
the way of this camp.
Hazen Kimball came today and wanted help because I borrowed a little flour and gave to the
poor, so I gave him $l0 to go and load his wagon. I fed his cattle month after month, no thanks.
If the brethren didn't send over their teams, they will have to buy grain another year. Let every
company and man report Tuesday night. Moved by President Young that we all go over the
mountains leaving our families, voted unanimously. Who will volunteer to leave their families
and go over the mountains? Two scores voted. If this church is blown to the four winds and
never been gathered again, remember I have told you how and when and where to gather too,
and if you do not go now, remember I bear my witness in the day of judgment. When God tells
a man what to do, he admits of no argument and I want no arguments, and if they will do it, I
will warrant them safe. B. Young. [At 7:15] 7 1/4 o'clock meeting dismissed. 8, met council,
12 at post office, except O. Hyde. Conversed on many points relative to the Mountain Mission.
Monday, June 29, 1846. Mosquito. Pleasant. Council together. O. Hyde nominated E. T.
Benson to take the crown of John E. Page, and council wrote him accordingly (letter on file).
Also letter to William Huntington and council, to help raise a company of pioneers (on file), and
sent 10 a.m. by P. P. Pratt and Solomon Hancock, with a mail of 27 letters. The boat was
launched this p.m. [afternoon].
Wright arrived with letters to Colonel Scott and President Young from Mt. Pisgah. President
Young was gone to the launch, and Dr. Richards visiting the camps. About 7, they walked to
President Kimball's. President Young wrote to Colonel Scott to pass over the ordinance this
night, having heard that U. S. officers were on their way from Garden Grove for to enlist soldiers
for Santa Fe. At 9, Presidents Young, Kimball, O. Pratt, George A. Smith, A. Lyman, W.
Richards, Bishop Whitney, John Scott, were in council at post office. Letter was received from
W. Woodruff dated June 26, Mt. Pisgah (on file). Read that the United States officers were at
Mt. Pisgah to enlist soldiers. Taylor reported that he had commanded all tens to come together.
President Young commanded all the Twelve to be at the river tomorrow and cross as quick as
possible. Wrote Bishop Miller, by Brother Glines at l0, to cross the river immediately and help
Colonel Scott over this night with the heavy wagon, and be ready to help others tomorrow.
Council adjourned to the prairie west of the camp and continued in session till 11, then went
home determined to go to the river early in the morning.
Sunday, June 30, 1846. Mosquito. Presidents Young, Kimball, and Richards moved their
families on the flats near their old encampment. George A. Smith, A. Lyman, and O. Pratt
began to move. Shower about 1 p.m., which hindered the movement. Evening, Brothers
Grover and Lewis at headquarters. Informed the council Captain Allen of the U. S. Army had
arrived on the hill and wanted volunteers; had agreed to counsel in the morning at 10 with
Young, Kimball, Richards, etc., in O. Pratt's tent. Agreed it was best to meet them in the
morning and raise the men wanted. Adjourned about 10½ [10:30] and went to bed.
Wednesday, July 1, 1846. Missouri River. Pleasant. At 9, Presidents Young, Kimball,
Richards, P. Pratt, rode to Elder Taylor’s camp at Mosquito where they met O. Hyde, George A.
Smith, J. Taylor, John Smith, Levi Richards, and others. Captain James Allen of the U S. Army
and two others, first regiment of dragoons, Fort Leavenworth, when Captain Allen read his
authority from Colonel S. W. Kearney of the Army of the West, dated June 19, 1846, for him to
proceed to the Mormon Camp and enlist from 3 to 500 men to go to California by way of Santa
Fe. Each company to enlist of from 73 to 109. Captain, first and second lieutenant, four
laundresses to each company. Also read a circular to the Mormon camp for enlistment.
Captains and lieutenants to be elected by the privates.
[At] 20 past 11, council sent for the brethren within call to assemble. Captain Allen presented
the “reveille,” and O. Hyde read an extract from the Hancock Eagle of the 13th June, that 400
armed men were within striking distance of Nauvoo, and a company at Golden's Point. [At a
quarter] ¼ to 12, adjourned to the wagon stand where the people were addressed by Captain
Allen, introduced by President Young; that he was sent by Colonel Kearney, through the
benevolence of President, l00s and l000s of volunteers ready in the states. Read his orders from
Colonel Kearney and Captain Allen's circular to the Mormons, and explained.
At 12 noon, President Young addressed the assembly, wished them to make a distinction
between this action of the government, and our former oppressors. Is it prudent for us to enlist
to defend the country, the U. S., if so all are ready to go. If we were a state and the President
did not call on us we would feel ourselves neglected, well we are noticed by him. Last year this
people expected to have been there, but the blow was struck a little too soon. Let the Mormons
be the first men to set their feet on that soil. Captain Allen has assumed the responsibility of
saying that we may go to Grand Island and stay till they can go on, or the young men return. It
is the first offer we have ever had to benefit us one whit, and proposed that the 500 men be
raised, that he would see all their families brought forward as far as his reach, and feed them
when he had to eat. 12:25 minutes, Captain Allen said he would write the President to give us
leave to stay on the route where it is necessary, that 18 of bread, 3/4 pork bacon paid over in two
months, camp kettle, two pans, one tent to every six men.
Elder Kimball moved, second by W. Richards, that 500 be raised. General vote, and President
Young walked out as orderly sergeant by his clerk, W. Richards, took names as follows, Eli B.
Hewitt, Joseph Matthews, Frederick N. Bainbridge, George W. Rosecrans, Charles Hancock,
Henrys S. Dalton, John M. Lewis, James H. Glines, George S. Sexton, Willard Smith, (Ebenezer
Harmon) only 13 July, William Reynolds. [At 12:55] 5 min to one, dismissed till 10 a.m.
tomorrow, to the slough near the old campground near the river.
The Twelve and Captain Allen repaired to Mr. Taylor's tent. Has not an officer enlisting men on
Indian lands to say to their families you can stay till your husbands return, says President
Young? Captain Allen that he was a representative of the President, and he could act till he
could notify the President, and the President was bound to ratify his doings or indemnify for
damage, and that the President might give permission to travel through the Indian country and
stop wherever and whenever circumstances might require. [At 1:30] 1½, Captain Allen left, and
the Twelve continued to converse on the good prospect before us, and they wanted to get 500
men to go. Voted that Presidents Young and Kimball go to Mt. Pisgah to raise volunteers.
President Young said he would start in the morning. President Young said the companies must
be organized, see who can go to the island and who must remain. After raising the troops, the
Twelve to go on with their families.
About 2, part of the council dined with Elder Taylor. About 4, Presidents Young, Kimball, and
Richards returned to their encampments. Young and Richards to the river whither their teams
had gone, and some of P. Young's gone over. Boat moved slowly, little help, and Kimball
moved forward with his encampment to be near the ferry, but President Young turned back and
informed him he could not cross, and he turned and encamped 3/4 miles west of the town. Elder
Richards took his family and teams to the same place where was no water. President Young
continued to cross.
Thursday, July 2, 1846. Missouri River. President Young finished crossing his family, and in
the evening returned to Brother J. D. Lee’s encampment on the east. side of the river. Elders
Kimball and Richards visited the river about noon, found they could not cross, returned to their
encampment and dug a well about 10 feet deep, plenty of good water.
Friday, July 3, 1846. Missouri River. About 9 a.m., Elders Young, Kimball, and Richards,
started in President Young's carriage. Called at John D. Lee’s encampment, and stopped at the
Mosquito encampment. About 1 p.m., fed horses, dined, etc. Passed on at 2½ [2:30] towards
Mt. Pisgah, meeting George A. Smith, O. Pratt, and O. Hyde by the way. [At 2:15] 2 1/4, rode
on. Strong east wind. Clouds arose in the west. About 5, passed different companies
traveling and encamped. One of 9 wagons, one of 6, 5, 7, 25, 28. Hiram Clark and Hosea
Stout and etc., one William Clayton, five Galland, twenty Brown. Total 108 wagons. Put up
with Eben Brown and Brother Barnard at 9½ [9:30], having traveled about 34 miles, on the creek
near the big spring about six miles east of the west branch of the Nishonee Botany. Brother
Joseph S. Scofield, Glines, Thomas Williams, George Langly accompanied these carriages on
horseback. Very cheerful on the ride, conversed with the brethren about enlisting till near
midnight. Nancy B., wife of John Freeman, delivered of a daughter named Rosaline Beal, 6
p.m. Reported by Patty Sessions.
Saturday, July 4, 1846. Very pleasant. Northwest wind. At 8, in carriage ready to start when
P. P. Pratt, W. Woodruff, E. T. Benson, and Solomon Hancock came up on return from raising
volunteers as pioneers to go over the mountains. 84 volunteers were reported, and some 50
dollars. P. P. Pratt and Solomon Hancock, about 9, went on to headquarters. Brother Woodruff
returned about 20 miles and met his family. Joseph S. Scofield met his wife at the same place
and returned to headquarters. President and suite passed Pottawattamie [Pottawatamie] town
about sun half hour high and encamped eight miles east with Father Morley, having passed 206
wagons, and met William Weeks, Frank Pullen, Brother Huntsucker, John Murdock, Isaac
Houston, Brother Pierce, etc., etc. Brother Young and Richards lay down in Father Morley’s
tent about 10½ [10:30]. Soon the rain, thunder, and lightning commenced, blew up the tent;
they held it down till someone pinned it, though the ends were gone, and they crawled into
Brother Joseph S. Clark's wagon with his family. The storm continued to rage till Father
Morley’s tent blew quite down, and other tents in the neighborhood. Water fell abundantly.
They lay on the edge of the wagon box, etc., their clothes wet.
Saturday, July 5, 1846. Creek. One a.m., skies become clear and all calm. Sun rose clear.
Oquakee Indians, White Hawk Chief, etc., encamped near Father Morley's last night, were
hungry. President Young told Brother ... to give them a fat cow and he would give him another
at the Bluffs. They were very glad. After breakfast started at 8½ [8:30], met Evan H. Green,
who turned back and went with the company. Met Captain Olive and company, Woodworth, C.
P. Lott, and the Perkins from LeHarpe, at a creek. [At 11:30] 11½ a.m., President Young
preached to them with little effort after turning his carriage to go on. Reproved Captain Andrew
Perkins for harboring a wrong spirit in his company, to which Captain Perkins responded with
gratitude for the reproof. Rode on at 12¼ [12:15]. At 1, met E. T. Benson's family where they
dined. Staid till 4. Phinehas Richards was near there. Passed James Allred's camp, Wolfs,
William Pritchard, Lewis Nealy, Downs, Mower, Hale, etc., and put up with Brother Alfred
Randall, having counted 242 wagons. At 9 evening, stopped and slept in his tent.
Monday, July 6, 1846. Pleasant. Arose at 4, washed and rode on at 4 ½ [4:30]. Breakfast at 8
with Ezra Chase about four miles east of Bramble Hill, having taken the new route on the left.
In the course of the day met or passed Brothers Stokes, Fields, Samuel Gully, Yates, Groves,
Fare, Eldridge, Baum, and after bating our horses on the prairie about 11 miles from Mt. Pisgah,
met C. C. Rich and Brother Little, presiding elder of Northeast and New York, Daniel Russell,
prayed for his wife, and stopped at Father Cutler’s and Elder Cahoon’s camps about three miles
from Mt. Pisgah. Had tea with Sister J. P. Green. Elder Kimball tarried overnight. The others
rode to Mt. Pisgah, about 7½, and put up with Father Huntington and General Rich. Brothers
Rich and Little returned to Mt. Pisgah with the Presidency.
Brother Little was direct from Washington by way of Nauvoo, having been to see the President
about emigrating to the western coast, and had an understanding with him that the Saints might
enlist to go to California, etc., the same mission that Captain J. Allen was on, and Rich and Little
were on their way to Council Bluffs to see the council during the day. The President’s carriage
met or passed 241 wagons, besides 63 encamped on the creek opposite the town of Mt. Pisgah,
making in all between the encampment at the Bluffs and Mt. Pisgah, 800 wagons and carriages.
Tuesday, July 7, 1846. Mt. Pisgah. Clear and pleasant. South wind. About 10, Elder
Kimball arrived and Presidents Young and Kimball met the brethren at the stand and Richards
went to writing a letter to the Presidency at Mt. Pisgah at the house of General Rich, by
instruction of President Young. Several speeches were made at the meeting, and 50 volunteered
to enlist into the army. [At 3:30] 3½ p.m., George Langley started with the letter to Garden
Grove. Brother Richards spent the p.m. and evening in writing for the council to the trustees at
Nauvoo. President Young signed it at 11 (also on file). He also wrote to Edmund Ellsworth.
The brethren counted and reported 205 wagons at Mt. Pisgah, which with three on the road and
at headquarters made 1805 wagons.
Wednesday, July 8, 1846. Mt. Pisgah. Pleasant and warm. Presidents Young, Kimball, and
Richards visited the Saints in a.m. [morning]. Most of the volunteers started for Council Bluffs
after receiving instructions from General Rich, and from 1 to 2 p.m. the brethren dined at L. N.
Scovill's tent. Then rode out [in the afternoon] p.m. and met Captain Davis and company from
Montrose and visited Lorenzo Snow and Evan Green’s family. Elder Kimball passed over the
creek to Father Cutler’s, and Young and Kimball returned to Mt. Pisgah. Dr. Richards took tea
at Silas St. John’s and spent the evening with Brothers Young, and Little, and General Rich, after
administering to Sister Moss, who had been bit by a rattlesnake. Joseph Robinson started for
Nauvoo with the mail about noon.
Thursday, July 9, 1846. Mt. Pisgah. George Langly returned from Garden Grove 10 minutes
before 2 a.m. Pleasant. Brother Calhoun wished President Young to take charge of his wife
Lucinda and three children, and he would resign all right and title to them forever as he and his
wife could not live happily together. [At 11:30] 11½, Presidents Young and Richards and E. T.
Benson and J. C. Little and Father Huntington, C. C. Rich, and the escort rode to Father Cutler’s,
calling at Captain Davis' camp by the way, where President Young addressed the camp and
dined. The Presidency, escort, and Brother Little left for the Bluffs at 20 minutes to 3 p.m.
[At] 8 minutes to 6, bated on the prairie. Rode till 12 midnight, and stopped at Brother Bean’s
encampment, four or five miles west of Bramble Hill. Traveled about 33 miles. Young and
Kimball sat in the carriage, some lay in Bean’s tent, and some on the ground.
Friday, July 10, 1846. Prairie. Cloudy. Started at 4½ [4:30], rode ½ mile, breakfasted with
Major and Daniel Russell. Thomas Robert Burns enlisted to go to California. [At 6:10] 10
minutes past 6, started and bated on the prairie 11 minutes to 10, during a thunder shower. [At
10:36] 24 minutes to 11, went [?] rode to Ringtown or Ring Encampment about one. Found
Poorook’s son and the braves of the Misquakies, who wanted the Mormon chiefs to wait till they
could send 10 miles for Poorook [Pursheck, Pursheek, Poorsheek], who had something to say.
They consented to stay and Poorook’s messenger started, and a heavy rain commenced. Dined
with Brother Baum about 4. Cloudy. Rain about 7 p.m., when Poorook arrived and went into
Dr. Coulson’s tents with his chiefs and braves, and Presidents Young, Kimball, and Richards,
and escorts, and others. Poorook wanted to see Mormon chief, to know where Mormon chief
came [from], where going, were going off with the Pottawattamies [Pottawatamies]. Sold some
land 5 ½ years ago, white man take it all. Keokuk sold his land on the Des Moines. Inquired
about the war with Mexico. Nothenath was the interpreter. Wobkeesuk, the Pottawattamie
interpreter, was present. Poorook said give him money if he go over Missouri River this year, if
stay don't get any. Red Face, Poorook’s son, like to know how make gun powder, lead. Great
Spirit looks at all.
Saturday, July 11, 1846. Ring Camp. Mr. Wheelock let the Squachees have a two-year-old
heifer on order of President. Cloudy morning. Breakfast with Brother Coray and Dr. Coulson.
At 7, went into council in Poorook’s tent who was on the east side of the creek. Poorook asked
where we winter, where cross the Mississippi. Somebody stole from Mormons, if he find them
will fetch. Chement, interpreter read, wanted Mormon chief to tell him something. President
Young told him, "come over the mountains and see us with your men and hunt for us and we will
make your men blankets, guns, powder, cloth, etc." Poorook said he would like to go.
President Young said he would send a man in two or three years, or as soon as he can, to bring
them onto us. Poorook said white man watch where he go, don't want him go far, would go
when he could, would send his son, Red Face. President Young asked if Red Face would like to
go with us. Red Face said he would go when we send for him. President Young said when you
come see us we tell you great many things. Captain Wolf said he like what Mormons say to
Poorook, would not talk here, afraid some mean man tell white man. Not tell white man talk
Dined about 7½ [7:30]. As the Presidency passed out of the tent, Baquejappa, a Pottawattamie
[Pottawatamie] chief, called them aside and presented a paper counseling them not to sell their
lands, given them by Dunham and two sheets of hieroglyphics on the world from back of
Abraham. Started 10 minutes past 8, rode till 10 o'clock. Stopped at west branch Notaway,
found Ezra Chase. Started [at 11:30] 11½, arrived at Pottawattamie town 1:45 minutes p.m.
One of their captains presented two sheets, Book of Abraham, the world, etc., letter from their
“Father" Joseph 1843, and map of their land by Phelps [see above]. Boated at 3:27 minutes
[p.m.], and arrived at a creek of the Nishonee Botany 33 miles from General Encampment at 8,
and put up with Brother Savage. Brother Young slept in his carriage...the in a tent. Many
mosquitoes, little rest. Wind northwest.
Sunday, July 12, 1846. Nishonee Botany. Very pleasant. Started at 4½ [4:30], rode across
the flood-wood bridge and breakfasted with Pleasant Ewell and others. About 6, passed on till
about 1. Dined with C. P. Lott's family at Keg Creek. Passed on, calling on different
encampments, passing between 30 and 40 encampments west of Keg Creek and put up at Elder
Taylor's tent on the Bluff a few rods west of the lower bridge on Mosquito Creek, where [there]
was Elders Woodruff's, O. Pratt's, P. P. Pratt's and Taylor's encampments and a large bower
where was a meeting this day. At 5½ [5:30] p.m., Presidents Young, Kimball, P. P. Pratt,
Taylor, Richards, J. E. Little, L. Richards, William Clayton and Father Morley present.
At 6, council wrote to O. Pratt and others of the council who were across the Missouri to notify
all those who had enlisted, or wanted to enlist, to meet at headquarters near Mosquito Creek at
Pratt and Taylor encampments at 10 tomorrow a.m., and all others of the brethren to meet at the
same place at 12 noon with Captain Allen and Colonel Kane, son of the Attorney General of
Pennsylvania, who was at Washington with J. C. Little and had come on to go with the
"Mormon" troops to California. Also sent messengers to the different camps east of Keg Creek
to meet at the sane time and place.
Monday, July 13, 1846. Missouri River. Cloudy. [At] 8 rain commenced, heavy shower till
10 o'clock, then pleasant. Brethren began to assemble according to appointment. Colonel
Kane and Captain Allen were present about 11. At 1/4 before 12 [11:45], Major Hunt began to
call out the first company of volunteers. President Young was in counsel with Colonel Kane in
Woodruff's carriage, conversing about the state of the nations. President Young told Colonel
Kane the time would come when the Saints would support the government of the U. S. or it
would crumble to atoms. [At] 20 before 1 p.m., the brethren were generally assembled under
Present: Presidents Young, Kimball, O. Hyde, P. P. Pratt, O. Pratt, Taylor, Woodruff, George
A. Smith, A. Lyman, W. Richards, and E. T. Benson. Also, Captain J. Allen, J. C. Little,
Colonel Kane. William Clayton took minutes, after playing a few tunes with the band.
Followed with an address from President Young who requested that families should not be
mentioned today, but men must be enlisted and it is right they should enlist, and there is no time
for argument. It is for our salvation in time certainly, and we want 500, and we can do things
that no other people can do--build temples out of nothing because we build them out of
nothing--and we can raise 500 good active young men from among the old men and boys. We
want 500 men right here, not wait for those who are coming on from Mt. Pisgah, and those who
come up will take care of the teams you leave, and when we have arrived at Grand Island, we
will send back and bring up others till they are all up.
[At 1:05] 1 o'clock 5 minutes, President Young closed and Colonel Kane arose and endorsed all
that our eloquent men will say. Elder Hyde said the work is forged out, it is now for us to
perform, and encouraged the brethren to enlist. [At 1:14] 1 and 14 minutes, President Young
said he would relate what two gentlemen said at Mt Pisgah, that Kearney had discharged some of
the Missouri troops to accept of Mormon troops, which mortified the Missourians exceedingly.
Those who go will be glad to all eternity. Meeting voted they were satisfied with the order
proposed by President Young, who said he wanted to hear no more requests for office, he would
nominate if wished, etc. Voted that President Young and council nominate the officers of the
companies. [At] 1:31 minutes, Captain Allen said if he could enroll the men soon enough for
the expected boat, he would embark them for Fort Leavenworth and save the march. O. Pratt
suggested the importance of a rapid movement so as to cross the mountains before snow.
Captain Allen said the soldiers would have pay for their clothing, but have no clothing found
them, carry their clothing in knapsacks. No uniform required, must furnish themselves with
blankets. He would furnish blankets through Mr. Sarpee and have the amount taken out of their
first payment. President Young said he wanted to see the companies when they are organized
and give particular instructions. Captain Allen said that Sutters would be on the way, priced by
their own officers.
President Young said the captains would be nominated according to rank, that P. P. Pratt follow
out. For second company, Jesse D. Hunter nominated captain, who gathers 73. Also O. Hyde,
who gathered another company of 73. [At] 2:25, council met in front of company A, nominated
George Brown 1st lieutenant, voted unanimously. Lowry Clark was nominated 2nd lieutenant,
voted unanimously. William W. Willis, orderly sergeant, voted unanimously. Ebenezer
Brown, 2nd sergeant. Phinehas Wright, 3rd sergeant. Reddick M. Allred, 4th sergeant. [At] 5
minutes to 3, dismissed for 1 hour.
[At] 5 p.m., council convened, nominated officers for 3rd company, or C, as follows: James
Brown, captain, George W. Rosecrans, 1st lieutenant, Samuel Thompson 2nd lieutenant, Robert
Clift, 1st sergeant, Elijah Ellmore, 2nd sergeant, Orson B. Adams, 3rd sergeant, Jabus T.
Nowlin, 4th sergeant. [At 5:20] 5 o'clock 20 minutes, dismissed all the companies till 8
tomorrow a.m. [morning]. About 6, the council, Captain Allen, Colonel Kane, and a large party
of the Saints assembled inside the bower and danced to the music of the band until near dark,
when the concert closed with a song, "the Maid of Judah," by Susan Divine, and a blessing by
President Young. At 9, a part of the council met in Brother Woodruff’s tent with President
Young, where he spent the night.
Tuesday, July 14, 1846. Missouri River. Pleasant. Easterly wind. At 9, commenced a
muster roll of the 1st company. At 10:30, 4th company, or D, was full and marched out under
O. Pratt. Nelson Higgins was nominated captain by the council. George P. Dykes, 1st
lieutenant, Sylvester Hewlitt, 2nd lieutenant, and voted unanimously. Cyrus Canfield, 1st
sergeant, Thomas Williams, 2nd sergeant, Nathaniel Jones, 3rd sergeant, Alpheus Haws, 4th
sergeant, voted. Arnold Stephens, 1st corporal, Luther Tuttle, 2nd corporal, John Buchanan, 3rd
corporal, Lewis Lane, 4th corporal, voted.
[At] 11:13 minutes [a.m.], President Young signed a recommend to Captain Allen to appoint
George P. Dykes adjutant of the Regiment. Charles Decker arrived at headquarters from Elk
Horn and stated that Bishop Miller and company and Emmett's company was 60 miles west and
going on. One o'clock, Elders Young, Kimball, and Richards, with their ladies, dined at Elder
Woodruff’s tent. At 3 p.m., Presidents, Young, Kimball, P. Pratt, O. Pratt, Woodruff, Taylor,
Richards and E. T. Benson and J. M. Grant, L. Richards, J. D. Lee, J. C. Little, H. P. Rockwood,
assembled in council at Elder Taylor's Camp. President Young suggested the propriety of going
up the east side of Missouri to winter, the main body send a small company to Grand Island, and
Miller with a company go over the mountains, and some go to England and send emigrants to
Vancouver Island. Voted that a colony be sent immediately up the east side of the Missouri
River to put in buckwheat and corn, and winter. Voted that the Twelve go and examine the
location east of the Missouri River as soon as the regiment has left.
Voted that a party go to the Grand Island, build a fort, etc., and prepare a settlement. Voted that
Bishop Miller and company go over the mountain. Voted that two of the Twelve, and Brother
Little with them, go to England forthwith. P. P. Pratt and J. Taylor were nominated. Council
adjourned on a drought of L [?] at 5½ [5:30] p.m. and repaired to the concert under the bower,
the Mt. Pisgah volunteers having arrived about half an hour previous. Music and dancing
continued until 8½ [8:30], adjourned. Eliza, wife of Amasa Lyman, delivered of a son named
Don Carlos 2½ [2:30] p.m. Reported by Patty Sessions. Also Sophia, wife of [?] Dame,
delivered of a daughter Sarah Elsa, 10 p.m. Reported by P. Sessions. William Hulms and
Eunice I. Twitchel were married by G. P. Dykes in the presence of Jefferson Hunt and A. Coons
at Council Bluffs, certified by Ephraim and Phoebe M. Twichel, her parents.
Wednesday, July 15, 1846. Missouri River. Cloudy, some rain. Council assembled in Elder
Taylor's tent at 9 a.m. Conversation various subjects. President Young proposed to go and see
his family across the river with Elders Kimball and Richards, and the remainder of the 12 to get
the soldiers together and instruct them how to behave, etc., on their expedition, wear their temple
garments, and prove themselves the best soldiers, and instruct the other brethren con [?] in
carrying out the decisions of the council of yesterday. Lots were cast between O. Hyde, P. P.
Pratt and J. Taylor, which two should go to England, and the lot fell on Brothers Hyde and
Taylor to go. "Soldiers can tarry and go to work when they are disbanded, and the next temple
should be built in the Rocky Mountains," and he wanted the Twelve and the old brethren to live
in the mountains where the temple is to be, and where the brethren will have to come to get their
President Young said he would prophecy that the time would come when some one of the
Twelve, or a high priest, would come up and say can’t we have a temple at Vancouver Island, or
at California, etc., etc., but it is wisdom to unite all our forces to build one house in the
mountains. Captains Hunt and Hunter called on the council and received instruction to ascertain
how much wages each soldier will have paid at Fort Leavenworth. Council appointed 5 p.m. for
volunteers to enlist for the 5th company. [At] 5 minutes to 11, J. C. Little was appointed to visit
Captain Allen and get a recommend to the brethren to tarry here or any place this side of the
Pacific. Adjourned till 12 o'clock tomorrow, same place.
Thursday, July 16, 1846. Council Bluffs. West side river. [At] 9 a.m., President Young in his
wagon. Elders Kimball, Hyde, and Richards met the brethren near the Cold Spring. Elder
Kimball gave the brethren the privilege of going into the army, go over the mountain, go to
Grand Island, or go back over the river to winter. Quite a number voted to go over the
mountains. Some voted to go to the island. Volunteers were called for to repair the ferry road
and ferry over those who wished to join the company. About 12, Elders Young, Kimball, Hyde,
and Richards walked onto the prairie and consulted about the English mission and the business in
England. [At 1:30] 1½ p.m., started for the river in Elder Kimball's carriage. On their way
received a letter from Hardin for a yearling blond steer and one yearling heifer. Crossed the
river at 2½ [2:30] and proceeded toward the Bluff. About half a mile out [?] California, and
arrived at Brother O. Pratt's tent on the hills near the bank of Missouri River at 41/2 [4:30] p.m.
Present: B.Young, H. C. Kimball, O. Hyde, P. P Pratt, O. Pratt, W. Richards, W. Woodruff,
John Taylor, George A. Smith, Amasa Lyman, of the Quorum of the Twelve, and Ezra T.
Benson, N. K. Whitney, J. C. Little present. Two Indians came with a letter from Major
Mitchell to have the Mormons find six stray horses. Council answered Mitchell they would
advertise the horses in their public meetings, but they had no knowledge of them. By O. Hyde,
all present voted that E. T. Benson be ordained an apostle. At 5, the Quorum kneeled before the
Lord in prayer, led by President Young, then arose and laid their hands on Ezra T. Benson, and
ordained him an apostle in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, with all the keys and
power and blessings pertaining to the apostleship in the Church and kingdom of God in these last
days, and take the crown of him who has fallen from the Quorum of the Twelve (J. E. Page).
[At 5:45] ¼ to 6, council adjourned to the hill after Brother J.C. Little had presented the council
with "A Concise View of the Policy of the Latter-day Saints in Reference to Their Emigration to
California," presented him by Picket. Council rode to Elders Taylor's tent on the Bluff, a few
rods west of Mosquito Creek, where they arrived about 7, and after supper with Elder Woodruff,
assembled in council at Elder Taylor's tent. Elder Taylor reported that he had raised provisions
for Hosea Stout and eight in his family to go on at the rate of 22, or 50 per person. Voted that
O. Hyde, P. P. Pratt, and John Taylor go to England. Voted that Reuben Hedlock be
disfellowshipped by the council. Also voted Thomas Ward be disfellowshipped, until they shall
appear before the council and make satisfaction for their repeated disregard of counsel.
Elder Hyde drafted a letter of commendation for the elders going to England, which was
accepted by the council. [At 10:30] 10½, adjourned to 8 in the morning. Before council
adjourned, papers were received from Captain Allen and the chiefs and braves of the
Pottawattamie [Pottawatamie] nation, giving permission for the Mormons to stop on Indian
Friday, July 17, 1846. Missouri River, east side. Pleasant morning. At 9, Twelve assembled
at Elder Taylor's tent, and President Young signed a letter of commendation to O. Hyde, P. P.
Pratt and J. Taylor to go to England. About 10, repaired to the bower and met the Saints.
President proposed to them that some go over the mountain, some to Grand Island and send their
cattle back to Missouri River to winter, some stay here and bring up the poor from Nauvoo to
this place. Take your choice. If you go over the mountain you will have a hard time, and if
you stay here you must send back teams and bring up the poor and fulfill their covenants they
made in the temple, never to cease our exertion till all were removed.
Let Bishop Whitney direct and gather up all the Church cattle and let Brother Lott take charge of
them and take them up the river to winter. Forty or fifty volunteers were called for to fill the 5th
company, and said President Young’s hundreds and thousands will eternally regret they did go
when they had a chance. President Young retired, and O. Hyde was called on to preach a
sermon about the woman in the wilderness and the two wings of a great eagle, etc., and Elder
Hyde spoke accordingly, followed by H. C. Kimball who urged the importance of enlisting to fill
the 500 enrollments. At 10½ [10:30], meeting adjourned a few minutes to fill up the companies.
President Young, in writing, requested Colonel Allen to take special care of Justus Earl,
drummer and fiddler, etc.
[At] 11½ [11:30], meeting assembled. Brother Kimball called for volunteers to work on the
road over the river, etc., and a contribution for Brother Yokum who was shot in Missouri. Elder
Hyde read Major Mitchell’s letter about six stray horses. J. Taylor advertized a lost coat by an
Indian on 4 July. 10 minutes to 12, President Young came into meeting and proposed that men
be selected to take care of the families who were left by the soldiers. Charles Bird, John
Murdock, Isaac Morley, Roswell Stephens, John A. Wolf, Jonathan H. Hale, Ellis M. Sanders,
Levi Hancock, Asa Davis, Madison D. Hambleton, Abraham Hoagland, Prudy Meeks, William
Draper, Jr., Edson Whipple, Jacob Myers, Isaac Haight, Caleb Haight, William Perkins, Andrew
Perkins, Roland Cobb, Thomas Guyman, Benjamin Willis, Landford Holmon, John Tanner,
Sidney Tanner, Ute Perkins, George Coulsen, James Allred, George W. Harris, Daniel Spencer,
William Blackhurst, Samuel Shepherd, Lewis Zabriskie, Seth Taft, Jeremiah Root, John T.
Tanner, John Tibbetts.
James Bean, William Simmons, were appointed bishops over the soldiers. President Young said
the soldiers must leave their wages for the benefit of their families. The bishops must keep a
correct account of all monies received by them and how disposed of, at the risk of being drawn
before the council, etc., and reproved etc. Bishop George Bundy, Henry W. Miller, Joseph
Meacham, Sidney Knowlton, Hazen Kimball, James S. Kimball, James Huntsman, James H.
Rollins, John Shaw, Samuel Parrish, Daniel Russell, Samuel M. Russell, William Henry, James
Eastman, John Benbow, John Barnard, Charles Chapman, Job Barnum, Benjamin F. Bird,
Andrew Burnham, Jonathan C. Wright, Samuel Conrad, Erastus Root, Hector C. Hate, James
Davis, Justin Merrill, Allen Taylor, Alfred Randall, Abraham O. Smoot, James McLellin,
Frederick Van Leuven, Thomas Pearson, Samuel Turnbow, James Dunn, Newman Buckley,
Luther Bunnel, John Van Cott, James N. Jones, Isaac Houston, Moses Clawson, Samuel Snider,
James Lake, Robert Gibson, Raymond Clark, J. C. Little, Andrew Cunnington, Hiram Spencer,
President Young said arrangements must be made not to have the cattle trample on all they could
not eat. A concert at l p.m. tomorrow for Captain Allen and troops. Dismissed at 12½ [12:30].
Notice was given for the brethren to drive in all the cattle this p.m. [afternoon]. John Vance,
and Even M. Green were voted in by the Twelve in Elder Taylor's tent to be bishops. After
dinner and about 3 o'clock, Presidents Young, Kimball, P. P. Pratt, O. Pratt, W. Richards, W.
Woodruff, John Taylor, George A. Smith, and A. Lyman, N. K. Whitney, Andrew Perkins, John
Scott, C. P. Lott, J. C. Little, Ham[?], J. M. Flake, J. M. Grant, C. C. Webb started to find a
location on the rush bottoms. Three carriages, one buggy and some on horseback.
Arrived at the half breed settlement, edge of the Bluff at 4 1/2 [miles or o'clock?], where they
were joined by Henry Miller as pilot, and rode north through the woods 5½ [miles], thence
followed a sharp ridge one hour, a part of the company walking on a high bluff on the left, the
carriages passing through a deep basin, apparently no inlet or outlet for several miles, where they
passed the ridge and entered on the bottoms and arrived at Pigeon Creek, about 20 miles south,
where [there] was Brother Shockley [on a little rise of land] and others of Henry Miller’s
company in about eight wagons who had gone up to commence a settlement for the winter.
Here the party took supper and retired to rest. July 17, George Cummings [was] confirmed and
ordained an elder by Elders E. T. Benson and J. C. Little.
Saturday, July 18, 1846. Pigeon Creek, Missouri River. Very pleasant. After breakfast with
the encampment, at 9½ [9:30] council dispatched seven of the brethren, viz. Henry Miller, [?].
Council left at 9½ [9:30] for headquarters, where they arrived at 1½ [1:30] p.m. [At] 20
minutes to 6 p.m., the Presidency met the commissioned and noncommissioned officers in
council in the poplars near the bank of the river. Perfect list of property and family and amount
of wages to be drawn at Fort Leavenworth was called for, but were not ready. The persons must
be selected to receive the money. President Young said the captains must be fathers to their
companies, and in their companies manage the whole affair by the power of the priesthood, and
you will have power to preserve your lives and the lives of their companies and escape many
difficulties. [He] would not be afraid to pledge his right hand that every man will return alive if
they will go in the name of the Lord and pray every morning and evening in every tent. Office
of a soldier is as honorable as any officer if they behave as well. No one is distinguished as
being better flesh and blood than another, but honor the calling of every man in his place. All
the officers but three had been in the temple. Let no man be without his undergarment, and
always wear a coat or vest. Keep neat and clean, teach them gentility, civility, no swearing. It
must not be admitted. Insult no man. Have no conversation with the Missourians, Mexicans,
or any class of people. Preach only where people want it, and then by wise men.
Impose not your principles on any people. Take your Bibles, Books of Mormon. Burn up
cards. Let the officers regulate all the dances. If you come home and say the captains have
managed all dancing and it will all be right to dance, etc. Card playing cannot be admitted.
With the world all things are lawful, but not expedient. Never trespass on the rights of others.
When the Father has proved that a man will be his friend under all circumstances he will give
that man. Don't lay out your money for bacon and provision on credit for your families. Elder
Kimball concurred in what President Young had said, and encouraged them to humility and
prayer, and God will lead you in paths and before the people, that you will get as great a name as
any people since the days of Moses. Hold your tongues and mind your own business. If you
are sick, you have the privilege of calling the elders and rebuking all manner of disease.
Elders Taylor and P. P. Pratt concurred in what had been said. President Young spoke of Polk's
feelings toward us as a people. Be discharged on parole. You will have no fighting to do. Go
about your business. We shall go in the Great Basin where [it] is the place to build temples.
There will be our strongholds against mobs. The Con. [Congress?] of the U.S. is good. You
will probably be dismissed about 800 miles from us. Bishop Whitney, Jonathan H. Hale, Daniel
Spencer were proposed as agents to draw the wages of the soldiers for their families at Fort
Leavenworth. After much conversation and explanation, adjourned and returned to camp about
sunset. Elders Young [and] Kimball retired to Ezra Chase's, and Richards and Little to Brother
Bosse's tent about ¼ mile east of the town where they spent the night. James Brown[?] [proxy
for--in the street near] of George Black to Mary McRea, [?] O. Sedyh’s camp. James Owens
ordained an elder by E. T. Benson and David Wilkie.
Sunday, July 19, 1846. Missouri River, E. B. [eastern bank]. At 9, Presidents Young, Richards
[and] Kimball borrowed horses [and] went across the river. Home about 10. [At] 1 ½ [1:30]
p.m., public meeting. Present: Young, Kimball, Hyde. President Young spoke at some length
to have a company start over the mountains (110 wagons were ready on the west side of river), to
have hands go and repair the river road, tend the ferry, and have the herdsmen keep the cattle out
of the Indian’s corn. About sunset, Young, Kimball, and Richards started in the President’s
carriage and arrived at Elder Taylor's and Woodruff's tents on the bluff near Mosquito Creek at
little before 11 p.m., where exertions had been made to raise 20 or 30 more volunteers to
complete the 500 for Colonel Allen. Levi Savage ordained an elder by E. T. Benson.
Monday, July 20, 1846. Missouri River, east side. Elders Young, Kimball, and A. Lyman rode
across the Mosquito on the Bluffs to raise volunteers. Started about 8, returned 9 1/2 [9:30].
Brother Woodruff put up his new mill to try [it and see] how it would grind wheat, corn, etc. At
11, Henry Miller and company returned from their exploring expedition and went into council
with the Twelve under the bower, and Andrew Perkins, as clerk of the company, reported they
had been to the Boyer River, found it unfavorable, went up some distance, returned, saw an
Indian who said the rushes were above the Boyer; that the country was good for fall and spring,
but no better for winter than Mosquito Creek; that they had been 40 miles from headquarters
[copy of report on file] on counsel of President Young. Other ways could be figured out to us in
appearance to be so lucrative as to make settlements on the Pottawattamie [Pottawatamie] lands,
after President Young had said that it was his private feelings that many of the brethren stop on
the Pottawattamie lands, for it would be dangerous to go over the mountains for many of them.
Moved by President Young and voted that most of the brethren stop on Pottawattamie
[Pottawatamie] lands. [At] 20 minutes to 12, adjourned to go to dinner and then to the river.
The weather was excessively hot, little air. The band assembled in concert on the bluff near
headquarters and spent the p.m. [evening] with dancing. The Presidency was in conversation in
various tents. Lyman Stevens complained to President Young that Dominicus Carter was
interfering with his domestic concerns. Presidents Young and Richards visited Steven’s tent
and saw the parties. Carter denied, and they were all instructed to let all their difficulties cease
till Stevens should return from the army. Spent the p.m. and evening in conversation about the
camp, and put up for night.
Tuesday, July 21, 1846. Missouri River. Rain commenced from the northwest with heavy
thunder about 6 a.m., and continued with little interruption. At 11¼ [11:15], B. Young, H. C.
Kimball, W. Richards, W. Woodruff, J. Taylor, P. P. Pratt, and E. T. Benson assembled in P. P.
Pratt's tents and voted to select 12 men to preside in all matters spiritual and temporal at Council
Bluffs, and Isaac Morley, George W. Harris, James Allred, Thomas Grover, Phinehas Richards,
Heman Hyde, Andrew H. Perkins, William G. Perkins, Henry W. Miller, Daniel Spencer,
Jonathan H. Hale, and John Murdock were selected. President Young directed a letter to be
written to the foregoing brethren to inform them of their appointment and duties. [At] 25
minutes past 12 noon, council adjourned. Rain ceased about 11½ [11:30]. After dinner, rode
to the ferry where they arrived about 5 [o'clock]. Found four companies of Mormon volunteers.
Marched about 3 [o'clock]. Had conversation with Colonel Allen and Kane. While waiting for
the boat, Colonel Allen said he knew of no road from Santa Fe to California, and probably might
return to the South Pass. Bid him farewell. Crossed the river and arrived home about sunset.
Wednesday, July 22, 1846. West side, Missouri River. Some thunder, lightning, a little rain,
cloudy. About 9, several wagons started from President Young’s company for the mountains.
[At] ¼ 12 noon [11:45 a.m.], Presidents Young, Kimball and Richards started from first fifty for
Elkhorn River. At Kimball's camp, C. P. Lott was instructed in writing to cross the river and get
five or six teams to take loads to Grand Island to get teamsters, and have Andrew H. Perkins go
to Savannah and get a cording machine and fixtures, and furnish funds to pay freight. Also,
Brother Lott was instructed to take his flocks and herds to Grand Island. Brothers Young and
Richards dined with Bishop Whitney. At 15 before 2, the Presidency started in Brother Young's
carriage with Brother Kimball, accompanied by Joshua S. Holman on horseback. Traveled a
westerly course about two hours across many small fields of corn, when they came up with 15 or
20 wagons. Passed through a beautiful grove and onto a high rolling prairie, when a cloud arose
in the west and some wind and rain came upon them. They wheeled the carriage into a valley
nearby and tarried about a quarter of an hour. The rain ceased and they passed on to a small
creek where they found a bad mudhole. Took the carriage over by hand and found Brothers
Knowlton and Calvert with their wagon poles broke.
Passed on and arrived at the bank of the Elk Horn ¼ before 7, where the captain [of] Joseph
Holbrook’s company was rafting wagons. It took about 10 minutes to make a trip. The raft
was made by Bishop Miller. It had broke loose and floated down the river about half a mile,
and Brother Holbrook’s company waded the stream and shoved it up the stream. At dusk fell
back on the Bluff, supped with Father Mikesell, in whose tent Brothers Young and Kimball
lodged, much afflicted with mosquitoes, and Richards and Holman lodged in Brother Matthew’s
wagon, rocked by the oxen. Night clear and pleasant.
Thursday, July 23, 1846. Elk Horn. Very pleasant. At 6, Brothers Kimball and Richards took
breakfast with Brother Matthews. At 6½ [6:30], the brethren of the first fifty assembled in
council with Presidents Young and Kimball when [?] Mikesell, Newel K. Knight, and Joseph
Holbrook were appointed to preside over the first fifty. At 7, the Presidency took breakfast with
N. K. Knight near the river and walked to the ferry. President Young required of Joseph
Holbrook that he examine every family to know if they had plenty of provision and instructed
Joshua S. Holman to return and boss the building of the bridge across the Elk Horn, making
seven bents or butments in the water. Solomon Hancock paced the river and found it about 150
feet across. Then went across the river on the raft, saw the brethren a few minutes, returned.
Instructed Father Mikesell to see that the names of all who passed the river were registered, with
the number of any living animal, and left for the benefit of the camp.
[At 10:30] 10½, started for camp, overtook some brethren with teams, trees, etc., going out three
miles to make a bridge. Also, Joseph Holbrook and Anson Call [were] on the same business,
who rode part way in the carriage. Arrived at the creek one mile from the encampment and
about five miles from Missouri River [at] 10 before 3 p.m. The water was so high it could not
be forded. Here they found Hiram Clark and Brother Bartholomew with their companies bound
for the mountains, making a bridge which the Presidency advised should be raised another log.
This is Clark’s bridge. They crossed on the stringers, leaving the carriage and swimming the
horses. Found Elder Taylor, who took Elders Young and Richards home in his carriage about 4.
About 7, President Young returned and got his carriage. The day very warm. Found Elders
Pratts, Woodruff, Taylor had come over the river to hold council. Received copy of a letter
from President Huntington concerning Rufus Pack, etc., from Phinehas Richards (on file).
Friday, July 24, 1846. Missouri River, west bank. Clerk wrote the names of the bishops at
Council Bluffs to President Isaac Morley. About 2 p.m., President Young rode in his carriage
with Bishop Whitney and Dr. Richards, on the hill about one mile northwest, where was H. C.
Kimball, P. P. Pratt, O. Pratt, O. Hyde, W. Woodruff, J. Taylor, George A. Smith, A. Lyman,
and E. T. Benson. Pitched a tent, covered the ground with buffalo robes. After resting a few
moments, Elder Hyde asked what appropriation should be asked of the British Parliament in
peopling Vancouver Island. President Young replied a certain number of acres to each person
of the emigrations. O. Hyde asked where Brothers Hyde, Pratt, and J. Taylor should leave their
families while they were gone to England. President, "Just where you pleased." Voted that
Orson Spencer and Elias Smith repair to Liverpool, England, as soon as circumstances will
permit to labor, as the Twelve now going shall direct, in the printing and publishing department,
etc. Clerk gave O. Hyde a copy of the [letter] received of July 16th, disfellowshipping Reuben
Hedlock and Thomas Ward.
At 4 p.m., council dressed and prayed. P. P. Pratt laid hands on Brothers Hyde, P. P. Pratt, and
J. Taylor for their mission to England, and E. T. Benson for a mission to the States. Then O.
Hyde prayed in the Quorum. Had conversation about the privileges of the elders traveling.
Also, on the laws of marriage. President Young gave instructions. Clerk wrote notice to Orson
Spencer of his appointment to go to England. "A Concise View of the Policy of Mormon
Emigration to California" was read (on file), [a] paper that Elder Little brought from Nauvoo.
Clerk wrote notice of appointment to Elias Smith. Council adjourned 1/4 before [?] p.m. and
returned to camp. Elders Pratts, Woodruff, and Taylor crossed the river. About 9 [in the]
evening, President Young called at the post office and heard J. C. Little read a letter from
Colonel J. Allen, another from Mitchell, Indian Sub Agent, and Colonel Kane (copy on file).
President and clerk signed letters of commendation for O. Hyde, P. P. Pratt, and J. Taylor.
South wind. Dr. [Willard Richards?] lay in his wagon this p.m., quite unwell, toward night.
Saturday, July 25, 1846. Missouri River, west bank. Morning pleasant. O. Hyde [was] at post
office copying letters for Pratt and Taylor which were signed by President and clerk, after which
Elder Hyde started with his family to re-cross the river. About 1 p.m., President Young rode to
the river. Colonel Kane called at the clerk’s wagon and requested documents relating to the
history of the Church. Several teams came into camp from the river. Dr. Richards [was]
unwell, lay down most of the p.m. [afternoon, evening], wrote a letter of commendation for E. T.
Benson and wrote history. Towards night, south wind, but clear and pleasant. Heard that
Albert Dunham was dead. Heavy rain, thunder, and lightning in the evening from 10 to 12.
Sunday, July 26, 1846. Missouri River, Mohawk Nation. Pleasant. Presidents Young,
Kimball, and Bishop Whitney left camp to pass over the river about [?] a.m. Dr. Richards could
get no conveyance, and went to his wagon and spent the day in vomiting and purging till about 6
p.m., when he wrote letters of commendation for Orson Spencer and Elias Smith to go to
Monday July 27, 1846. Omaha Nation. Pleasant. Dr. [Willard Richards] sick at his wagon.
About 8, Presidents Young and Kimball returned home from the east side of the river. Brother
Griffin arrived from Bishop Miller’s camp (at Pawnee Village) about 4 p.m. and looked after
Brother Case, who has been employed by the United States as a farmer among the Indians for
seven years, was baptized at Pawnee, and came into camp with a wagonload of goods in
company with six other wagons of Millers’ with missionary and government property which had
been removed from Pawnee village through fear of the Indians.
Tuesday, July 28, 1846. Omaha Nation. About 9, the chief and some of the warriors of the
Otoes came to the spring to see the Mormon chief. Wanted a beef. President Young shook
hands with them and directed a beef to be given them and tears started in the Chief's eyes. Then
walked to Brother Woodruff’s tent and requested Brother Kesler to set up Brother Woodruff’s
mill and try it and see if it would operate well. At 11½ [11:30], Presidents Young, Kimball, P.
Pratt, O. Pratt, W. Woodruff, W. Richards, J. C. Little, and N. K. Whitney and A. Lyman
assembled at O. Pratt's tent and the Quorum laid hands on Brother Little and blessed him.
At 12, Brother William, Sister Marshall, Sister Martindale and Bunnel came in. President
Young asked Brother Martindale the cause of putting away his wife and taking another woman.
Martindale said his trouble commenced from the time he began to investigate Mormonism. His
wife began to oppose. She was not a believer and continued her opposition, etc., and spoke
more than half an hour. President Young said however wrong Sister Martindale has been, it
would not justify any man in taking another woman under color of the priesthood, and in
opposition of the order the priesthood. Sister Martindale objected to some of Brother
Martindale’s statements, but said she would like to live with him if he would treat her as used to.
Elder Kimball motioned, seconded by Elder Richards, that they live together, be baptized, make
a fire. Brother Martindale thought they could not live in peace. President Young, "Brother
Martindale, if you don't look wild. Instead of getting more wives you will lose what you have
got. I advise you to come over and provide for your wife. If she will not go with you, provide
for her." Elder Kimball's motion carried, and council adjourned 20 minutes [to] 2 p.m.
About 2, a thundershower commenced from the west and continued about one hour, and the
showers continued till about midnight. The water ran six inches deep through the tents. No
wagon was exempt from the water, and goods and provisions were more or less damaged. No
one in camp remembered such a succession of heavy thunder and lightning and rain in so short a
space. Brother Eldridge’s ox was killed by lightning about sun one hour high.
Wednesday, July 29, 1846. Missouri River, Omaha Nation. Morning pleasant. Presidents
Young and Kimball rode to the river in Elder Kimball's carriage. A general movement in camp
drying clothes, grain, etc. The Presidents returned to camp about 8. About 9, the horn blew to
call the brethren together to inform them that Father Cutler, Elder Cahoon, and others were on
the flats wanting to cross the river and several were getting sick, and every man was wanted to
turn out with teams and help them over in the morning.
Thursday, July 30, 1846. Missouri River, Omaha Nation. Pleasant. About 7, many teams and
men started for the river. Elder P. P. Pratt left home about sunrise for England. About 9,
President Young left camp for the ferry. While Dr. Richards was at a breakfast, Brother Bunnell
came in and gave him 2 1/2 solanges, $10.00. While at dinner, Daniel Abel came in and gave
him a pipe he had made with a jack knife from a piece of red stone found on the prairie. Brother
Daniel Russell called and took 1½ bushels [of] corn for seed to carry over the mountains.
Brother Russell being destitute of seed, offered Brother Richards on the Bluff east side the river,
to take his seed and do by him as he did by himself, and Dr. Richards furnished him with 10
bushels [of] seed wheat, 3 bushels [of] spring wheat, near 3 bushels [of] seed corn, 2 bushels [of]
oats, and a great variety of garden seeds. The corn, above mentioned, being the last taken.
[At] 3 p.m. the clerk left camp on horseback for the east side of the river to make out the Nauvoo
mail and close up the unfinished business of the council. Crossed the river at 4½ [4:30], and
Presidents Young and Kimball returned west on the same boat. The Dr. [Willard Richards]
arrived at Elder Taylor's encampment on the bluff at dusk, where he found Elders Hyde, P. Pratt,
and Taylor ready to start for England, and J. C. Little ready to accompany them to New York on
his way home. After supper in Elder Taylor's tent, a tremendous storm of wind, thunder, and
rain commenced. Elder Taylor lowered two of his tents and the third, prepared to lodge Elders
Richards and Little, blew down and covered them while the water fell in torrents. They soon
repaired to Brother Wilcox’s tent, which had blown down and left his wife, Wealthy Merrill,
exposed to the storm, who, although she was delivered of a daughter the Sunday previous, fled to
her father, Phinehas Richard’s, tent, where Elders Richards and Little stayed and watched with
the family the remainder of the night, Brothers Richards and Wilcox being absent at Mt. Pisgah.
Friday, July 31, 1846. Missouri River, east side. Some cloudy, and slight rain. The brethren
were designing to go by land to Nauvoo, but Elder Little (and Brother Pierce who was going
east) could get no passage and took carriage for Belvue to take the steamer, “General Brook,”
then going down the river. About 8 a.m., Elders Hyde, Pratt, and Taylor, found it impossible to
cross the Mosquito Creek, the water was so high and bridges gone. At one p.m. they left the
Bluff in Elder Taylor’s carriage for Belvue, hoping to find a passage down the river. There they
found Elders Little and Pierce, and they all went on board of a Mackenae boat with the
missionaries who had come from Pawnee village about 5 1/2 [5:30] p.m., Presidents Young and
Kimball being present.
Dr. Richards left a letter of commendation with the council for George W. Harris and Orson
Spencer to go to England. Made out the Nauvoo and Mt. Pisgah mail, and at 3 p.m. started
home, passing near the old barrack where he got a mess of garden sauce, and found William
Clayton on the flat 1 1/2 miles from the ferry, to whom he committed the copies of the muster
rolls of Companies A and B, on the east side of the river and returned to the ferry at sunset. The
boat had crossed for the last time and he put up with Brother Bauch. Supper and lodging with
Lorin Farr, who had been with him incidentally and waited for him. The night clear and air
Saturday, August 1, 1846. Missouri River. Pleasant and clear. Dr. Richards returned home
about 9, found the council in session in Captain Rockwood’s tent where they wrote a letter to
George Miller at Pawnee Village, instructing him and captains of fifties how to manage through
the winter (letter on file). Council adjourned at 12, and after dinner, Presidents Young and
Kimball rode with their ladies in carriages to the village on the west bank of the Missouri and
returned about 5 ½ [5:30], bringing some green corn purchased at 1 cent per ear. About the
middle of the p.m. [evening], the sky began to be overcast with a strong south wind and at 6 ½
[6:30] the sun was hid and sky covered. The Otoes brought roasting ears into camp to sell.
Supposing it to have been stolen from the Omahas, President Young gave orders that the Saints
should not purchase corn of the Otoes.
Sunday, August 2, 1846. West side, Missouri River, Omaha Nation. [In the morning] a.m.,
President Young rode out five miles and reported a good place for a road on the divide up the
west bank of Missori River. About noon, Brother Matthews arrived from Fort Leavenworth
with about 30 letters from the troops to their friends. He met the Battalion about 30 miles north
of Fort Leavenworth. Brother Joshua Holman arrived from Elkhorn, and stated there was only
about 15 men at that place and the butments of the bridge were nearly done, or about 2/3. Voted
that Holman finish the butments and leave the remainder of the bridge till winter. About 5 p.m.,
the council and others were together at Colonel Rockwood’s tent, and heard Brother Matthews
report that they feel well at Fort Leavenworth, and the Mormon Battalion all feel well, and
Colonel Allen told them to purchase horses of the Missourians and give them notes and he would
sign with them.
Voted the council keep a fish net belonging to the Church with them. President Young
instructed a letter to be written to John Scott to take his position between first and second
companies with the ordinance, and retain that position (copy on file). Council wrote to Colonel
Kane to inform him of our staying at Missouri River (on file). Received from Brother Holman
schedule 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7 tens of first fifty, and first ten of second fifty that had left the Elkhorn for
the mountains (on file).
Monday, August 3, 1846. Omaha. Warm and pleasant. President Young quite unwell in the
a.m. [morning]. One of his oxen fell in the creek and broke his neck. It was immediately bled,
dressed, and distributed to the camp. In the p.m. [afternoon], President [Young] rode out, and
from 3½ to 6 [3:30 to 6:00 p.m.] was in counsel at the post office with Brothers H. C. Kimball
and Richards. Wrote a letter to President Isaac Morley and council in reply to their minutes (on
file). Also, letter to George W. Harris to have him write his wife to meet Bishop Whitney at St.
Louis and come on with him, bringing her daughter from Alton. The day was very hot.
Tuesday, August 4, 1846. Omaha, 4 miles west [of] Missouri River. Dry and pleasant.
President Young rode to the ferry on Missouri River in the a.m. [morning]. About 1 p.m., John
Kay and Newel K. Knight arrived from Pawnee village with a letter from George Miller, 1st of
August, asking for a cannon and two coils of large rope, and saying he had a load of powder
through mistake. Presidents Young and Richards met the brethren in council in Captain
Rockwood’s tent at 2.
Wednesday, August 5, 1846.
Thursday, August 6, 1846.
Friday, August 7, 1846. Place of inquiry, Samuel S. Russell’s tent, H. C. Kimball’s
encampment, 8:30 a.m. Pleasant morning. B. Young, H. C. Kimball, W. Richards, W.
Woodruff, of the Twelve, and several of the council of 50 and others met to consult on a
location. Luman H. Calkins said he had followed the Indian trail up the river about 12 miles.
Some patches of scrubby timber, none for building, no water good. Plenty of good water 10
miles. Very miry, cattails, frogs. 12 miles a sink 20 or 30 rods long, 18 inches wide, 1 foot
deep. Found Holman and Averett from Elk Horn (at the end of their journey) where they were
building a bridge. President Young asked if we should stop here or look farther, and shall we
settle together or every man for himself. C. P. Lott spoke in favor of following the counsel of
the Twelve, followed by Brother Cahoon and others.
President Young proposed that the brethren on this side of the river settle together and organize
in city form. Would draw his logs for homes five miles, if necessary. Could build his bedroom
in a haystack. First build a two-story house for counsel and praying, another for schoolhouse.
If the brethren want preaching and counsel, they must stay where I am. We must be organized
as one family, in order, and be in a compact body. Build in a systematic order, and keep clean.
Build pounds for our cattle, and if a few are alone they will be likely to be robbed by war parties.
Will have our cattle away from our farms, our families. If you are a mind to stop here, we will
choose a committee to settle families and manage town affairs. Am willing to stop here.
President Kimball concurred in President Young’s observation, said he would go and get his
house logs five miles if anyone had any feelings.
Moved by H. C. Kimball, seconded by W. Richards, that we appoint 12 men out of the camp to
dictate the settling of the camp and all matters relating to the town corporation. Voted that the
brethren all settle together. Voted that 12 men be appointed for council. Voted Alpheus Cutler
President, Reynolds Cahoon, C. P. Lott, A. P. Rockwood, Ezra Chase, Daniel Russell, Alanson
Eldridge, Thomas Grover, Jedediah Grant, Samuel S. Russell, Winslow Farr, and Benjamin L.
Clapp be the council for the location. Motioned that the council locate the camp on the top of
some bluff near a spring. Cut our hay and let not a stick be cut for timber till hay is gathered.
Let no man infringe on others' grass cutting.
The Omahas like to be consulted about settling on their lands, and we will see them, the chiefs,
when they come home. Do not disturb any Indian’s graves. President Young moved that the
twelve councilors enter on their duties and tell us where to locate together, and council
adjourned at l0:28 to J. D. Grant’s tent, ie., the twelve, Bishop Whitney, J. D. Lee, and Colonel
Kane, who wished to know our intentions. President Young said we intend settling in the Great
Basin and those who go by water settle on San Francisco. We would be glad to raise the
American flag, like the Constitution, but are opposed to mobocracy. We will not live under
such governors and judges as we have. We are willing to have the banner of the U.S.
Constitution float over us. If the government of the United States is disposed to do us good, we
can do them as much good as they can us. Colonel Kane said Governor Boggs had been
working against you in Washington. I suppose you would like a territorial government. "Yes,
sir," was the President’s reply.
English emigrants will probably settle at Vancouver Island. Lord Aberdeen said to Mr. McLane
we design to colonize Oregon as speedily as possible, would carry the mail across and build
block houses wherever the U. S. may want. Monzotland is in the possession of the U. S. and all
California. Colonel Kane proposed that we send President Polk a resolution of thanks for what
he has done, and let him know that we have a pledge from President Polk that he will defend the
Mormons in a territorial government by the strong arm of the law, 20,000 and l0,000s of cannon.
Colonel Kane asked whether we believed in conversing with the Lord bodily. President Young
replied no, but in vision by the Spirit. We live for a glorious resurrection. Joseph was engaged
in the work 10 years before he confessed he was a prophet. Adjourned [at] l2 ½ [12:30] p.m.
Thomas L. Kane, Judge Kane, Cor. Locust and Schuyll, 7th Streets, Philadelphia.
George F. Lehman, Esquire, Postmaster, Philada.
Saturday, August 8, 1846. Died at Appanoose, Iowa Territory, James Jones of ague and fever.
Born March 14, 1794.
Sunday, August 9, 1846. Pleasant day. Presidents Young and Woodruff (Dr. Richards was
sick) met the brethren and sisters of the President’s and other encampments at 10 ½ [10:30] a.m.
at the place prepared on Saturday for meetings, and after waiting till noon for Elder Kimball,
who did not come, addressed the congregation. Elder Kimball had a meeting in his division of
the camp to give some instructions, and the time passed faster than he was aware till he thought
it too late to go to the grove. [At] 5 p.m., minutes of previous meetings read by Dr. Richards
and Lee, when it, the twelve councilors previously elected on the 7th, were severally confirmed
by vote. Horace Eldridge was elected city marshall for Cutler's Park, a name proposed by
President Young. Motioned by Elder Kimball and voted unanimously, Elder Cutler having first
selected the spot. Letter to President Polk was read by Dr. Richards; unanimously sanctioned by
the whole Presidency and signed by President Young and Clerk, W. Richards. Voted
unanimously that all on this side the river form one camp.
After notice of many articles lost and found, and prayer by President Kimball, meeting adjourned
about 7. On return, Presidents Young and Richards called on Colonel Kane. Found him more
comfortable, and about 8, met with Father Smith, Woodruff, and others, in Colonel Rockwood’s
tent, organizing the camp preparatory to settling till cold weather, and continued conversation till
1/4 past 11 on various subjects, Strangism, letter to President Polk, etc.
Tuesday, August 11, 1846. Very pleasant. Strong east wind. About 8, President Young
began to move his family onto the new camping ground where the camp is expected to stay till
after haying. About 9 a.m., P. P. Pratt arrived from Fort Leavenworth with a special message
from the Fort to N. K. Whitney for council, signed by O. Hyde, and a package of $5,860 dollars,
being a portion of the pay of the Mormon Battalion for clothing at Fort Leavenworth at 3.50
cents per month. Council counted the money, found it correct. Read a letter from Samuel
Gully, who gave $10 to the President. Also, letter from Ferguson to W. Woodruff. Heard a
good report from Brother Pratt concerning the Battalion and Colonel Allen. Said it was reported
in Missouri that President Polk had issued his proclamation that the Mormons had better not be
in haste in going to California, that they should be protected and paid for all their losses in
Missouri and Iowa. Council adjourned from 12 to 6 p.m., there having been present Young, P.
Pratt, O. Pratt, Woodruff, A. Lyman, W. Richards, George A. Smith, and N. K. Whitney.
President Young was engaged in organizing and settling his wagons. Also, of Dr. Richard’s, G.
A. Smith’s, O. Pratt’s, Taylor’s, P. P. Pratt’s, and W. Woodruff’s, and in all about 300 in the
oblong square then fencing a little south of Kimball’s encampment. [At] 6 p.m., H. C. Kimball,
W. Woodruff, George A. Smith, O. Pratt, met in council with President Cutler and council by
invitation. Council voted that the brethren sow turnips as soon as they have built their fences.
President Young proposed that the camp be numbered into l00's, l0's, etc., and let the council call
for an equal distribution of men from the various companies for the various branches of business.
Voted that the camp meet at the sound of horn 6 a.m. tomorrow to receive letters and other
important business between the camps, suggested by Dr. Richards. Elder Kimball proposed that
order be entered into in herding so that each may herd his own so far as practicable. President
Young said shall write the name in my camp, divide them into l0's, appoint a foreman to each,
give my herd in charge of herdsmen who must return the cattle at night, etc. Council adjourned
about 8½ [8:30]. Colonel Kane had little fever and was apparently much more comfortable than
the day previous. Strong south wind.
In the council, President Young referred to a man who had passed $l5 bogus below the
settlement and gone on west in Miller’s company; that he had sent for him to return immediately
and pay the man, satisfy him for his trouble, repent and make satisfaction to the Church, or he
should pay fourfold if [it] took the last farthing he possessed, and be cast out from among us, and
that is the law to Israel, and you may write it.
Wednesday, August 12, 1846. Strong south wind continued till near noon when the wind
changed to the north. President Young was engaged in taking the number of men, wagons,
oxen, cows, sheep, and mules in his camp and organizing the same in companies and giving
direction how to manage the labors of the camp. At 7 a.m., Dr. Richards met the brethren
between the two camps, called off between two and three hundred letters, then returned to his
wagon and made out the mail for Council Point, 111 letters and 13 letters for the Eastern mail,
and delivered the same to William Miller who had come from the opposite shore and brought a
letter from Daniel Spencer, saying his wife and child and his brother, Hiram Spencer, were dead,
and asking council how to distribute their property. Brothers Young and Richards wrote him a
word of consolation, invited him to move over the river to take [care] of the widow and orphans,
and offered instructions about property when he arrived, and informed him of his appointment to
receive and disburse funds for the Mormon Battalion, and sent by William Miller.
Colonel Kane was more feverish. Had his head shaved, and requested Dr. Richards to get a
Dover powder and bathing tub. The postmaster made out mail for the army and one for Pawnee
Village, but no chance to send. Wrote history. At 5, President Young rode round the square
with Brother Duzette, who was convalescent from a severe illness, and Dr. Richards. [In the
afternoon] p.m., wind chilly from the north. About 7½ [7:30], at the blast of the trumpet, the
first division of the camp assembled in the square, when 324 men over ten years old were
reported and on bills of 11 companies, and 359 wagons, 146 horses, 1051 oxen, 39 mules, 588
cows, 372 sheep. There were elected by general vote and nomination of each company as
follows: first company, Joshua Holman, foreman; second, Levi Stewart; third, James M. Flake;
fourth, Welcome Chapman; fifth, Isaac C. Haight; sixth, John Vance; seventh, Sidney Tanner;
eighth, Joseph Horne; ninth, W. M. Leffingwell; tenth, A. O. Smoot; eleventh, Ormus Bates.
President Young proposed that each company prepare a yard for cattle, build a back house, keep
the yard clean, draw wood on wagons, cut it short, burn it in a chimney made of turf, drive teams
back of wagons, build a hay rack and keep hay in the cattle yard, and keep up a night watch.
Adjourned about 9. Presidents Young, Richards, and J. D. Lee walked south on the green and
saw the young people dance about half an hour and returned home. The bills of the several
companies, to 11, were reported to the high council for use and safe keeping. A refreshing
shower about midnight.
Thursday, August 13, 1846. Near Cutler's Park. Morning cloudy. A little sprinkle of rain
about 11 o’clock. President Young was visiting the different parts of the camp, counseling, etc.
At 6 p.m., Presidents Young, Richards, Woodruff, and the high council at Dr. Richard’s tent and
heard them investigate the affairs of the camps. A report of first company from A. P.
Rockwood was read, consisting of 12 divisions. Total, 324 men and boys over 10 years, 359
wagons, 146 horses, 1264 oxen, 49 mules, 828 cows, 416 sheep. President Young advised that
the cattle now in be retained in the yards on the morrow and till further instructions, and gather
all they could on the morrow, and gather hay into the yards for the cattle, and finish the yards,
and on Saturday all hands turn out and gather all the cattle from every quarter. After that keep
them all herded, and the council voted accordingly.
On suggestion of President Young, the foremen of the several divisions of his company were
called by marshall and instructed by President Cutler to carry out the last vote, and similar notice
was written by Dr. Richards to second company and read round their camp by Jedediah M.
Grant. President Young said he wanted the council to take into consideration the propriety of
sending Bishop Whitney to St. Louis for the purpose of laying in supplies for the camp.
There are many women in camp who have husbands in the army who have sent them money, and
we have them to take care of, and all we can help them to save we save to ourselves, for we
would have to pay it out of our own pockets. If they lay out their money here they will pay
three prices for what they get. Flour is $3 per hundred here, and we can get wheat for 25 cents,
and this would justify us in getting a small set of millstones and irons to move by two, three, or
four horsepower, and with our labor, added to our means, make a great saving of money, and I
want this council to take into consideration the propriety of this thing, and also of getting two
sets of burr stones and mill fixtures to carry with us over the mountains. And also the council
across the river to consider the same thing. About 9, adjourned to Monday next 1 p.m. at
Samuel Russell’s quarters.
Presidents Young and Richards and P. P. Pratt walked towards the east, stopping nearly in front
of the President’s tent where they stood in conversation nearly an hour, when President Young
spoke his feelings freely about the English mission and their former mission to England, and
Richard Hedlock and Thomas Ward and others; shipping office, etc., in which Brother Richards
concurred, and they separated about 10 o’clock.
Friday, August 14, 1846. Near Cutler's Park. Cool. Wind northeast. Light fog and a few
clouds. Some scolding in camp about keeping up their cattle according to council last evening.
[At] 7, President Young busy in fitting wagons and implements for making and hauling hay, and
about noon visited the post office with Elder Kimball and heard a pamphlet by Dr. Homer
relating the capture of the steamer, “President,” by the pirate ship, “Flying Mona.” Apparently a
romance, and directed the clerk to write a letter to the council at Council Point concerning the
funds of the “Mormon Battalion,” etc., as suggested to the council last evening. Dr. Richards
and ladies dined with Brother J. D. Lee at 2 p.m., and dictated a letter to Brother Lee for the
council at Council Point, and copied the same in the evening after reading it to the President
about 6 in the evening.
About 8, President Young came in the post office accompanied by E. D. Wooley and Brothers
Felshaw and Sterritt, who had just arrived from Nauvoo and were counseled to cross their
families over the river and move into camp if they chose so to do. About 4 p.m., Dr. Sprague
reported that he had visited 30 patients in camp and had l5 or 20 more to visit, mostly fevers, and
of newcomers, very few of those sick who had been out through the season.
Saturday, August 15, 1846. Near Cutler's Park. Pleasant. About 5, Agatha Ann, wife of John
D. Lee, was delivered of a son named Heber John. Wind south. About 8, was a general turnout
on horse, mules, and on foot to gather all the stray cattle, and returned to the yards with them
about noon, and President Young joined in the hunt on horseback. This p.m. [afternoon] was
spent by the camp in gathering the strays from the prairie and sorting their cattle, etc. Some hay
was cut and put in the yards. About 5 p.m., President Young called at the post office and
appointed a council at 7 to appoint a committee to visit the Omaha Indians. About 10 a.m.,
William G. Sterrett took a mail of five letters for Council Point, including yesterday’s letter to
council (copy on file). Dr. Richards visited Colonel Kane, found him better, his fever having
assumed the appearance of intermittent chill, fever, for four or five days. About 7, a mail of
eight letters arrived from Council Point.
About 7½ [7:30], high council met in Colonel Rockwood’s tent. Present also [were] Presidents
Young, Kimball, Richards, Woodruff, O. Pratt, George A. Smith, and A. Lyman, of the Twelve.
PresidentYoung proposed that a committee be appointed to visit the Omahas who had returned
from their hunt, and council voted to send a committee of three, and by suggestion of President
Young, elected A. P. Rockwood, Jedediah M. Grant, and Charles R. Bird as that committee.
President Young said it was his impression that the committee would not want to enter into any
specific agreement, but create a friendly feeling, and have a meeting at a future time, and that he
did not want the Indians to be invited to our camp, we would go [to] them.
President Young said to the committee, we want the privilege of staying this winter cutting
timber, building houses, perhaps leaving some families and crops. Suggest that we might do
them good, repairing their guns and learning them how, school children, and if they won’t pay,
we will pay them. They [will] not touch our property and we will not theirs; that he would not
be disappointed if the Mormons made a strong foothold at the Bluffs and more or less tarried for
some time to come; that he would rather go to the mountains than anywhere else to live on
account of health; that Parley Pratt said it was commonly reported in Missouri that the President
Polk had issued a circular that the Mormons need not be in a hurry to remove. They should be
protected on their lands while he was President.
Elder Woodruff reported a man had thrown down his fence and let out his cattle just for the sake
of getting a nearer path. President Young moved that all such persons be notified to appear
before the council on Monday next. Moved by Colonel Rockwood that each foreman of the
several divisions shall be instructed to have a good and sufficient night guard and herdsmen, and
if any stray, they shall be immediately hunted under the directive of the marshall, and carried.
President Young said if he was going to rule a kingdom he would have judges that would decide
according to righteousness, and let righteous be the law. Moved by A. P. Rockwood that
Colonel Hosea Stout be appointed to make out a roll of all the officers of the Legion that are in
this place in regular grade, and also a roll of all the able-bodied men between the ages of 18 and
45 and make report to their council as soon as may be, carried.
Dr. [Willard Richards] reported that Sister Omon was sick, needed a place and nurse. President
Young offered a wagon, and the foreman of Brother Lyman’s company to find a nurse. Cahoon,
Turnip Committee, called for 25 men and boys and 8 yoke of oxen to commence turnip ground.
George A. Smith reported that several boys were about to start for Nauvoo. Council appointed
Lorenzo Young to see the boys and learn their views and situations. President Young motioned
that the first company make a yard and gather and herd and yard all their sheep together, carried.
Same motion carried in E1der Kimball’s, or second company. Elder Kimball offered to build a
yard for his sheep in his company by Monday evening and council accepted his offer. Voted
that Brother Flake’s company build a sheep yard Monday. 20 minutes to 10 adjourned.
Sunday, August 16, 1846. Cutler's Park. Wind north. Pleasant. About 11 a.m., four or five
hundred of the Saints assembled at the stand in public meetings. Present: B. Young, H. C.
Kimball, O. Pratt, W. Richards, W. Woodruff, G. A. Smith, A. Lyman, and Father John Smith.
Meeting opened and addressed by O. Pratt, showing that the Saints were now living without the
laws of the state and the United States, and under the principles or the celestial law. The reason
why we have changed our counsel so often is because the people did not abide the best counsel
which was given us by the Spirit. The best counsel was for the Church to fit out a company to
go with the Twelve over the mountains, but as they were dilatory and failed to do this, we would
not forsake them but give the next best advice, so that no one has a right to find fault with the
council for changing their advice from time to time. It is unbelief that causes all our whining.
The council are determined to carry out those principles which are made manifest to us by the
whisperings of the Holy Spirit, if it takes the last shirt from our backs or our last property.
There has been some fault finding by those who have recently arrived in camp because they want
to cut their own hay and put in their own turnip patch, but we must be one, and feel a general
interest for the whole, and when anyone is told by the foreman to pick up a basket of chips and
pour them out again, then pick them up again and find no fault. But if the foreman does wrong,
let the council judge and not you. Quit at 12 noon, when Father John Smith arose and said he
arrived at this place last Sabbath, too late to attend meeting, and was happy in the present
privilege and urged the people to do as they would be done unto, and not cut his neighbor’s ox
with an axe because it came round his wagon in the night and other such things as he heard of,
and reproved parents for suffering children to take the name of God in vain, and be saucy to old
people, and enjoined it upon parents to train up their children so as to prepare them to take the
lead of the Church as they must do by and by, and follow council in all things.
At 13 minutes past 12, President Young arose and said he had a short discourse to preach to the
sisters whose husbands, brothers, etc., have gone into the army. Wanted every family left here
to feel their dependence on their brethren who have looked to them and took care of their cattle,
etc. O. Hyde, P. P. Pratt, and John Taylor, were led to Fort Leavenworth at the very time the
soldiers were receiving pay for their clothing, and prevailed upon them to send a part of their
money to their families, consigned to N. K. Whitney, J. Hale, and D. Spencer, and he saw
sniveling and crying the very day Brother Parley before the money was counted. And some
have written to their husbands to send no more money to the Church, for they could not get what
they had sent. If you will keep working to get what you can from your husbands to help the
poor, and you will [?] him the names of all who have written such news to their husbands will be
marked on the history, to be read in future days.
You can have your money and do what you please with it, but it will release the Saints from all
the obligations they are under by our pledge to look to their families. We are going to send N. K.
Whitney to St. Louis to get such things as we want to carry over the mountains at wholesale, and
recommended to the sisters to let their agents retain this money and get sugar, shoes, coffee, etc.,
at St. Louis, and get that in Missouri for 25 cents, and save all they can, and took two bills of
Missouri bank and showed it to the camp. He wanted to ascertain who wanted their money after
they understand it, and they shall have it, but it will release me from all the obligation I am under
to see that they are taken care of. The Almighty governs this camp.
[At 12:45] 1/4 to one, Father Smith proposed the camp all be united in sending to St. Louis, and
moved that all who concurred manifest it by show of hands. Elder Kimball concurred and said
he should let all he was to receive go to St. Louis with theirs. Lorenzo Young spoke on close
communion, and close communion sisters who choose to their money. President Young said,
“does this congregation council the sisters to let their money lay in the hands of Bishop Whitney
to be laid out by him to the best advantage for their families, all who do will manifest it by
uplifted hands,” and the congregation generally raised their hands. The opposite was called for,
but none voted.
President Young said again if any sister wanted her money she could apply for it and she should
have it. In the last days the Saints must be worn out, and I want to wear out, and I mean to go
and preach the gospel, and to England again, and when I was there before should have gone onto
the continent to Germany if he had not been called home.
Bishop Whitney said he wanted their prayers. Would rather go in the hay field than go to St.
Louis, and would say that he had seen goods sold in this region from 50 to 300 percent advance
of the original cost. Would go if the Saints said so, but wanted a man to go with him. President
Young gave notice that those who wanted to send to St. Louis had better make out their bills and
send them in soon. There is a feeling of distrust among the Saints about honest deals, and if any
man says we deal dishonestly he lies, and he knows he lies, and lies before God. And for two
years, while the Twelve have been building, the Twelve have paid when they have borrowed as
they have agreed. One man apostatized and returned to Nauvoo and said Elder Kimball had
stolen all his beans. Elder Kimball put two bushels [of] beans in his wagon to carry, and
afterwards went and distributed them to the poor, and the man apostatized. Elder Kimball said
he repented and asked forgiveness for not taking 1800 lbs. of flour he had before he left, and the
Church voted to forgive him if he would do so no more.
George A. Smith appointed a business meeting at 5 p.m., and closed by prayer about l ½ [1:30]
p.m., naming and praying for some six or eight sick persons. President Young requested the
singers and music meet on Thursday evening at the tabernacle to Samuel Russell’s tent, called
[the] tabernacle, because it was so large. About 5½ [5:30] p.m. the brethren assembled at the
stand, the Twelve present as in the morning, and Father Smith. President Alpheus Cutler said
the cattle were not all taken care of. Many were let loose last night, and he wanted the brethren
to gather their cattle and herd them. There are some things wrong. A fence is thrown down
and his cattle let out of the yard, and we want the sheep taken care of tomorrow, and cattle too,
and proposed that the brethren who had means come forward and send to St. Louis for two sets
of millstones and fixtures to set up a flour mill.
[At] 25 minutes to 7, President Young said they had made an estimate of the expense of two
sets of four foot burr stones with all the fixtures, [and it] could be had for $800 or less, weighing
about five tons, and the iron might be mostly carried on the wagons that carry the stones, and
wanted the brethren to form a company, take over the mill, and set them running and own it.
Did not want them to put a dollar into the trustees' hands. Did not want a dollar, nor any of the
Twelve. We can set our bogus machine in operation, and all the bogus machine I ever had was
the invisible hand of a kind providence. All who are in favor of a mill being procured on the
principle which has been told you by an individual or company, signify it by saying aye.
Universal "aye" resounded through the meeting. If the brethren will take council, five years will
not roll away before there will not be a poor man in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day
President Cutler requested the foreman to have their hands and tools ready to go to work.
President Young said he would tell a story. One of the brethren in Elder Kimball’s camp hung
his grindstone and guarded his tools and unhung his grindstone to put his back in his wagon.
[At 7:45] 1/4 before 8, Orrin Porter Rockwell arrived in camp with a mail of 39 letters and many
papers. About 8, President Young, O. Pratt, Richards, George A. Smith, and O. P. Rockwell
called to see Brother William Clayton who had been sick about four days. Found him in great
distress. Laid hands on him and he felt better. The brethren set down and read a letter from
John M. Bernhisel, telling that Emma had sold the lot on which the Nauvoo House stands (on
file), and talked till near l0 o'clock and returned home. Presidents Young and Richards laid
hands on Susan Green who was sick with the headache.
Monday, August 17, 1846. Omaha Nation, near Cutler’s Park. Pleasant morning. President
Young and many of the brethren called at the post office and read newspapers from 9 to 11.
Mail of three letters was received from Council Point. At 11, President Young, George A.
Smith, Woodruff [and] Richards called on William Clayton, found him better. (Dr. Richards
visited Colonel Kane, found him better.) Visited Bishop Whitney, bower, and counseled
Brother Marble not to go with his wife to Mt. Pisgah; if he did, he would not prosper. President
Young said no man must leave the camp to go back without his counsel.
[At] quarter past 2 p.m., high council opened to Brother Samuel Russell’s tent, second company,
present of the Twelve: B. Young, H. C. Kimball, O. Pratt, W. Woodruff, G. A. Smith, A.
Lyman, W. Richards. Minutes of all the proceedings of the council read by Samuel Russell. O.
P. Rockwell came in council with another package of ten letters and several papers, which were
mentioned in last evening’s report. Report was read by Samuel Russell of 222 men and boys,
230 wagons, 83 horses, 741 oxen, 340 cows, 105 young cattle, 244 sheep in second company,
or Elder Kimball’s company. Report recommitted. Question was asked if anyone would
furnish means for millstones. Brother Boss offered one half. Brother Van Waggenen $100.
Father Eldridge said they might as well choose a committee, for the rest could be made out.
President Young recommended that if any have means they do not want to spend now, they
should send and get such commodities as are needed in camp, and they will get their money
again when the goods are disposed of.
Voted that N. K. Whitney go to St. Louis and purchase articles wanted with the Battalion funds,
and burr stones, etc. President Young moved that J. C. Wright go with Bishop Whitney to St.
Louis and stand by him in every situation. And voted also that John Von Cott, as he is going to
St. Louis, be counseled to go with Bishop Whitney, and that they render each other mutual
assistance as far as possible. President Young nominated A. P. Rockwood to see that every
person is visited in first company, collect the means, and ascertain how and what articles will be
wanted in sending to St. Louis, voted. Elder Kimball nominated J. M. Grant for second
President Young proposed uniting with the brethren on the other side of the river and control the
purchase of wheat. Dr. Richards read a letter from the trustees of Nauvoo, July 15, one from E.
T. Benson, August 6, one from Phinehas Young, and four others. One from Elijah Haws, June
25, Phillip Packard, July 14, Nauvoo. Bishop Whitney asked whose name he should purchase
in. Council voted that Bishop Whitney act his own wisdom in that matter. Voted A. P.
Rockwood be appointed for the first company, and J. D. Grant for the second, to settle
newcomers and see that proper returns are made to the council.
Voted that Rockwood and Grant select a campground and form a third company of newcomers.
Voted that John S. Tanner and eight others, have permission to join themselves to Amasa
Lyman’s company, having 9 men and boys, 12 wagons, 5 horses, 36 oxen, 24 cows, 4 sheep.
Voted that Bishop Whitney pay or settle with John Evertts for a span of horses and wagon
appraised at $l50, and $25 a pair. Voted that the marshall visit the different families in camp
and notify them to build sod fire places, keep the yards clear and clean, and ropes out of the
backyards, on penalty of being brought before the council and having their noses rubbed in it.
Voted that the inner night guard be left to the discretion of the marshall.
Colonel Rockwood reported that the Omaha Indians had not returned from their hunt. On
motion of President Young, voted that Lorenzo Young assist Brother Lott in gathering all the old
cattle belonging to the Church, and put them in the care of Brother Lott. Every individual take
care of their own old cattle. [At] 6 ½ [6:30], adjourned till Thursday evening, 7 o’clock, Daniel
Russell’s tent. Dr. Richards called on Colonel Kane, saw H. J. M. Edes, M. D., who had just
arrived on request of the officers at Fort Leavenworth, from Weston, Missouri. Dr. Sprague
reported 100 cases of sickness in camp, mostly fever.
Tuesday, August 18, 1846. Near Cutler’s Park. Cloudy. Morning wind south. President
Young quite unwell, kept his bed most of the day. About [?], rain commenced and a light wind
veered toward the north by east with occasional showers till 2 or 3 p.m., when it rained steady till
night, which suspended most business of the camp. Colonel Kane had a fever in the morning
and after, quiet through the day.
Wednesday, August 19, 1846. Near Cutler’s Park. Morning cloudy. From 9 to 11 a.m.,
Presidents Young and Kimball were with O. P. Rockwell in Captain Rockwood’s tent with
others, hearing Rockwell’s report of his arrest, imprisonment, etc., while Dr. Richards was
writing a letter to Captain Jefferson Hunt, etc., of the Mormon Battalion, which was sent with 25
other letters to the soldiers by Dr. H. I. W. Edes to Fort Leavenworth, who took his departure this
day. charging Colonel Kane $200 for his visit, etc., having written his views of Colonel Kane to
Dr. Richards, which is on file.
About 11, Barnett Manzer called for counsel per Captain David Evans, who had taken a
company of the poor Saints out to the prairie near Farmington, and Dr. Richards wrote for the
Presidency to David Evans (copy on file) and sent by Brother Manzer. About 11½ [11:30],
President Young rode out with his family. Dr. [Richards?] called on Colonel Kane, found him
better. 6 p.m., Presidents Young and Richards visited Brother Van Cotts and examined a
bolting cloth. Then to Brother Woodruff's and examined another. Dr. Richards then went to
Colonel Kane’s, gave him duplicates of letter of council to Commander at Fort Leavenworth, and
Dr. Edes opinion. Then saw Isaac Morley, Phinehas Richards, and Jonathan H. Hale, who
brought a mail from Council Point of 17 letters for the Army, 33 for Cutler's Park and 23 he
received from Brother Brown from the Fort Leavenworth, and at 7½ [7:30] went to President
Young’s tent with the doctor.
Thursday, August 20, 1846. Cutler's Park. Cloudy. Cold north wind. About 9 a.m., council
assembled at President Young’s tent, Presidents Young, Kimball, W. Woodruff, O. Pratt,
Richards, George A. Smith, A. Lyman, W. Woodruff, and Isaac Morley, J. H. Hale, and P.
Richards of the council, east side of the river. Bishop Whitney, Father John Smith. Several
letters were read and sorted. Joseph L. Robinson had returned from Nauvoo and presented the
offer of William Meeks and Sons of Bonaparte to furnish flour from $2.75 or $2.50 per barrel, or
l.12½ to 1.00 per cwt. Also offer of A. P. Houghton of Farmington, $2.50 per barrel, 1.25 per
cwt to the Mormons.
President Young stated that if a man was willing to let his property, should be disposed of
anyway as the Lord would, the Lord was willing he should be made a bishop, and why not as
well as to put his funds into another’s hands. [At] quarter to 11, letter was read from Council
Point, August 18, 1846, I. Morley, president, E. M. Green, clerk. Fifty or more on that side the
river wanted a part or all of their money. President Young said we took those families into our
charge as we take charge of our own families, and [should] not be their servants. Heber Kimball
motioned, seconded by W. Richards and O. Pratt, that the money be disposed of as this council
President Young motioned that the council on the other side and on this side of the river, see to
the wants of individuals, and have no one suffer, but supply those who must have, or need
immediate help from their funds, carried. President Young proposed that we hire some of the
Omaha Indians to watch our cattle this winter. Also, that if some of our boys could be sent to
Pottawattamie [Pottawatamie] town to live this winter, they would learn their Indian language,
and if the Omahas will guard our cattle, we will make them a cornfield, and learn them to work,
etc., for our staying on their lands.
Chandler Rogers has been appointed councillor at Council Point instead of Thomas Grover, who
had moved [to] west side of the river. President Young said he was going to propose to the
various councils of this Church, to have some way devised to instruct this people concerning the
organization of the human system and how to take care of it.
The Sioux people told Emmet the government of the United States had agreed to furnish them
with mechanics, farmers, etc., for a certain number of years, but had never done it, and they
would give him a great tract of land if he would stay and settle among them. Voted that it is
wisdom to sow wheat on the east side the river on Potawattamie [Pottawatamie] lands. Voted
that the subject of employing the Omaha Indians to herd our cattle be referred to the high council
of this place. Proposed by President Young that the committee agitate the subject with the
chiefs and half breeds and see what can be done, if a chief will select a company to watch our
cattle, etc. Adjourned at 25 minutes past 12 for one hour. The marshall to notify the high
council to meet with us.
[At] 2 p.m., the council met as in the morning with the high council. Burrier Griffin arrived
with a letter from George Miller, eight miles above Pawnee Village, Augus 13, 1846, which was
read. Voted that $20 from L. H. McCollough be sent to St. Louis to purchase such things as she
needs. Voted the three councils present be resolved into one this p.m. [afternoon]. Voted that
the proceedings of the morning council be read. Letter from the council at Council Point to the
Presidency. Letter from the Twelve Apostles to the council at Council Point read and
sanctioned by vote. Voted that the report of the council from Council Point be accepted and
sanctioned by us. Presidents Young, Kimball, Richards, Woodruff, George A. Smith, O. Pratt,
A. Lyman, and John Smith severally nominate themselves to go to Council Point and complete
the business concerning the Battalion money. Voted. Letter was read from Isaac Bartholomew
to Mr. Miller to say that the bad money paid [by] him he received for wheat in Michigan, and
supposed it good, and sent him good money to redeem it by Brother Griffin. Council voted they
were satisfied with Bartholomew’s explanation, and signified the same in the letter, signed W.
Brother Ira Eldridge thought the arrangements were completed for the purchase of millstones and
fixtures, and the parties were ready to draw writings. Brother Matthews brought a mail of 27
letters from Fort Leavenworth. Moved by W. Richards and voted that this council write the
President of the United States immediately, informing him of the desire of the Indians to receive
instructions in education, mechanic arts, agriculture, etc., and our facilities for giving them the
desired information and employing them in our labors, and that thereby we might secure to the
United States a favorable influence among the red men while necessity compels us to stay among
them, and ask the President’s views and approval of the proposed measures.
Thomas Matthews reported that companies C and D at Fort Leavenworth wished that someone
might follow them to bring back their money when they received their next payment, and wanted
their families to be taken on. Voted that two men be sent to the Mormon Battalion and bring
back their first payment. Voted that Dr. Richards write a letter to the Battalion instructing them
what to do with their money. Brother Joseph Matthews stated that when the Mormon Battalion
was in camp 15 miles north of Fort Leavenworth, a terrible storm arose of wind and rains and
prostrated the forest all around, but did no harm within 50 yards. They called the place Mormon
Battalion Creek. Brother Matthews said wheat could be bought for 18 3/4, 20, and 25 cents per
bushel. Voted that a man be sent to Missouri with $1000 to buy wheat.
Several motions were made to establish a mail to Nauvoo and Fort Leavenworth, but after
discussion, President Young proposed to bring the subject before the people and say whether
they want a mail. Adjourned at 6 p.m. High council met at 7. President Young spent a part of
the evening in the marquee.[?] At 9, waked to Brother Kimball’s company with J. H. Hale. At
10, called at the post office and heard part of a letter written by Dr. Richards for council to J.
Hunt and Mormon Battalion. Cold night.
Friday, August 21, 1846. Cutler’s Park. Between 12 and 2 a.m., Dr. Richards made up a mail
of 45 letters for the Mormon Battalion and was called up about 8 a.m. to close the Fort
Leavenworth mail of 60 letters. President Young called and signed a letter of counsel to J.
Hunt, etc. (on file). Mail delivered to Brother Griffin who went to the ferry with Father Morley,
Brothers Hale and Richards, who started on return about 9 a.m. At 11, Dr. Richards called on
Colonel Kane, found him better, conversed with him about hiring the Indians, etc., and writing to
the President. He concurred and desired to be present, and present the subject to the President.
Went to Bishop Whitney’s tent, found President Young at rest on the carpet. Dined with
Brother Kimball, after which Henry G. Sherwood came on return from Farmington with his
family, and [at] about 3 returned home with President Young and the doctor. Pleasant but cool.
[At] 3, visited Sister Dykes and a sick brother, p.m. [in the afternoon], with President. About 4,
rode to C. P. Lott’s. Postmaster was engaged in regulating the post office, etc. Ten letters for
Council Point, 10 Pawnee, 20 [the] States, 90 unknown, total 130. [At] quarter to 9, President
Young, O. Pratt, W. Woodruff, George A. Smith came into the post office and read a letter from
C. C. Rich, 17th instant, giving an account of the death of Samuel Bent at Garden Grove and the
sickness of William Huntington. Mr. Gray, a missionary, brought the letter. President Young
supped at C. P. Lott’s.
Council wrote to the high and municipal council, respecting them to take such measures as
wisdom directs to prevent the too frequent repetition of evening parties and dances, injurious to
health and the quietness of the sick, and that they give notice next Sabbath. Examined the list
and found the brethren, ie., individuals in the Mormon Battalion, had sent $15 to President
Young and $33 to H. C. Kimball, $15 to G. A. Smith, $50 to Amasa Lyman, and to the Council
of the Twelve, poor, etc., $420. Total $533. Adjourned at 10. Cool evening.
Saturday, August 22, 1846. Near Cutler’s Park. Pleasant. About 1 p.m. Presidents Young,
Kimball, Richards, O. P. Rockwell, Emeline Free and William Kimball in Brother Kimball’s
carriage, and Presidents O. Pratt, W. Woodruff, G. A. Smith, A. Lyman and Brother Flake in
Brother Flake’s carriage, started for Council Point. Arrived at Cold Spring 35 minutes past 4.
Crossed the river about 6, and arrived at Father Morley's, at Council Point, about 8. After
supper chatted till about 11 and retired. Saw Brother Griffin at the ferry. He had concluded to
not to go to Fort Leavenworth. O. Pratt and W. Richards lodged with Joseph L. Robinson and
breakfasted with him and President Young.
Sunday, August 23, 1846. Pottawattamie [Pottawatamie] Nations, Council Point. At 10 a.m.,
the people began to assemble under a bower about 20 by 40 in the rear of father Morley’s
wagons. Prayer by O. Pratt, 3 minutes before 12. President Young arose to explain the object
of the meeting, to tell of our location on the other side of the river and our arrangements for
living. We are in two companies, about 600 wagons. We gave all the brethren the privilege of
living by themselves and tending their own herds, but if they got into difficulties they must not
call on us for help, etc. We shall adopt the law of liberty, and all who live up to it will enjoy all
the liberty they can ask for, not infringing on the rights of others.
The principal object of our coming over was to induce the people here to unite with us in the
principles of self preservation, which includes all business matters of our present salvation or
preservation. It is the invisible hand of the Almighty that is favoring Israel through the army,
and I shall tell you what I want to do and what I shall do, God and my brethren being my helpers,
and I will tell the people here what to do with the means received. And if they do it not, we
shall be released from our obligations to look after them.
There are no people under heaven we are acquainted with who would have gone into their army
as we have done. The Twelve, bishops and council here will get the privilege of making your
funds go the furtherest possible, and the privilege of waiting on you till we get you where you
want to go. I will warrant you two to one through council, for your means, to what you would
to have it in your own hands.
[At] 7 minutes to 1 p.m., President Kimball spoke on the principal importance of following
counsel, and that all the funds received from the army belongs to the disposition of the Twelve
and the council here, and not to the individuals to dispose of. [At] 15 minutes past 1, G. A.
Smith spoke in confirmation of previous speakers, and 20 minutes past 1, A. Lyman spoke about
confidence in the Twelve, etc. [At] 12.30 minutes [should be 1:30?], P. Pratt spoke. Did not
think that letting the sisters have their money would not release us from our obligation to see
them across the mountains. [At] 37 minutes past 1, W. Woodruff spoke and made a motion that
all persons that feel willing to have the money sent from the Battalion be spent by Bishop
Whitney for the purchase of goods, and moved that the funds received from the army be
appropriated according to the order of the councils through Bishop Whitney or the committee
appointed by the Battalion, for the purchase of goods, provisions etc., as shall be most needed by
President Young said he despised the idea of attempting to prove the Twelve honest men, as he
did the gates of hell. Let the man come, if he can, who can better the plans that have been laid
by myself. Moved by President Young that the funds in the camp on the east side of the river
for the purchase of dry goods, groceries, hardware, provisions, etc., this fall, be appropriated by
the order of the high council to a general purchase through Bishop Whitney. The funds to be
raised by Jonathan H. Hale and Daniel Spencer. Carried almost universally, no one dissenting.
While the high council retired a few moments, O. Pratt read the list of letters remaining in the
post office at Nauvoo, that they might be sent for on the morrow. Dr. Richards called over the
letters in the post office and gave instruction to the high council and bishops how to manage in
taking a bill of goods and wanted by individuals at St. Louis. Meeting closed about [?]. The
Presidency and suite rode on to the bluff, all except Dr. Richards who spent the afternoon in
paying small sums to 15, mostly sisters, to give them immediate relief. William Camp took all
his to the amount of $20, and received a lecture from the doctor, with the promise that it should
be recorded as history that he would not leave his money to send with the brethren. Jonathan
Browning was to receive the money from the camp, and was present, but made no offer to let the
Monday, August 24, 1846. Council Point. Pleasant morning. Doctor [Richards] had a fine
rest at Ira Oviat’s, and was called up by Pearis Raymond who took $20 for wife of A.P.
Raymond, who was present, and wanted all her money. Was capable of taking care of herself.
Elizabeth Pettigrew wanted 40 dollars, would take care of herself, but the money was sent to
Harmon Cutler who was not present to receipt it, but had counseled her to take all her money.
Dr. Richards wrote to William Kay, Stephen Longstroth, and Thomas Bullock, and postmaster at
Nauvoo for letters. At 12, rode with Brother Flake and A. Lyman to Henry Miller’s where he
found Presidents Young, Kimball, O. Pratt, W. Woodruff, and George A. Smith, eating green
corn, cucumbers, suckertosh, etc. After dinner, all ate freely of water and muskmelons. About
3, the company left, taking the remainder of a load of melons for the sick, and arrived at the
liberty pole. Visited Brother Hunter Wooley and P. Richards. Distributed melons to doctor.
Saw Jane Richards who was sick.
About 4 ½ [4:30], company started to find Daniel Spencer’s company. Crossed Mosquito Creek
at the Cold Spring north bridge onto the prairie. Could find no road to Spencer’s. Traveled
north for Perkin’s company, missed their way. Agreed to buy a sheep for supper. Passed a
deep ravine, ascended a hill, traveled on till about 7 ½ [7:30]. Found Brother Perkins sick at the
camp in a small grove near a beautiful, cold, spring. Supped. Lodged in Brother Horace
Pack’s new log house in one bed, except Young and Kimball in a wagon nearby.
Thundershower in the night.
Tuesday, August 25, 1846. Pottawattamie [Pottawatamie] Nation, Perkin Encampment. Cool,
pleasant morning. While the presidents were dressing in their wagons about quarter to 8, a boy
snapped one of the doctor’s pistols in the home and it discharged through the roof. After
breakfast and laying hands on Brother Andrew H. Perkins, two or three more, and blessing two
or three children. About 11, the brethren started for the liberty pole, [on the] bluff. Met
Harmon Cutler near Parley’s Spring and paid him $40 for Elizabeth Pettigrew. Harmon said
had committed her to send to St. Louis for all she wanted, etc.
Arrived [at] the liberty pole about 3, dined with Brother Wooley. Dr. Richards visited Jane
Richards, wife of Franklin D., found her very sick. About 5, left for Council Point where they
arrived about 6. Found Brother Charles Kennedy on his way to Nauvoo. Council wrote to
trustees. Dr. Richards wrote to Lucinda Callahan and John Rushton. Brother Kennedy said the
Omahas had returned from their hunt, that Colonel Rockwood, J. M. Grant, and Brother Bird had
been to see them. They were friendly and wanted a council, and Thursday had been proposed as
Wednesday, August 26, 1846. Council Point. Messenger arrived from Spencer’s camp saying
he was sick and wanted to see the brethren. Brothers Young, Kimball, and Porter went to see
him. Dr. Richards stayed to do business with Hale and Brother Flake, and those with him
returned across the river to notify Logan Fontelle, the Indian interpreter, to visit the camp and
return home about 9. Samuel Lance took all his money coming from the army $25, and said
that Mary Lance, his wife, would not give her consent to let it remain with the Church.
Brothers Young and Kimball and Porter returned from Daniel Spencer’s about 3 and reported
him sick, but getting better, and soon after started for home. Passed the river about sunset,
arrived at the Cold Spring past 8. Stayed with Sister Gheen, Brother Erastus Snow, etc. Cool
night. All the business of the committee and Battalion was left with Evan M. Green.
Thursday, August 27, 1846. Cold Spring Ferry, 4 miles. Brothers Bird and Davis were at the
spring. Had been after an interpreter to meet the Omaha and "Mormon" chiefs in council. Left
Cold Spring about 9 and arrived at camp at noon, being 2 hours, 45 minutes travel, stopping near
30 minutes in a grove by the way. Found Brother James Pace from the army saying Colonel
Allen was dead and bringing letters.
At 1 p.m., council met at Samuel Russell’s tent. Present: Presidents Young, Kimball, O. Pratt,
Woodruff, Richards, and high council. It was their meeting. Voted that the foreman of each
division give notice that all dogs be tied outside of the yards from sunset to sunrise. O. Pratt
read a letter from Samuel Gully, Fort Leavenworth, August 21, 1846. One from Dr. G. B.
Sanderson, 22 August, one from A. S. Smith, 23 August, one from Samuel Gully of the 23
August, 1846, concerning the death of Lieutenant Colonel J. Allen. Lieutenant Pace said
Lieutenant Allen and Dr. Sanderson tried to prevent our sending back to the camp. Major
Horton said it was the privilege of the Battalion to do as they had a mind to, the business was in
their own hands, that he had given instructions to Lieutenant Smith and Dr. Sanderson to do all
the good you can.
The question had arisen who should command the Mormon Battalion. President Young said the
right belongs to Captain Hunt, and he moved that he have his right. Elder Kimball and others
seconded it, and that a letter be written to Lieutenant Allen and Dr. Sanderson and General
Kearney and Captain Hunt.
Lorenzo Young said he called on Colonel Scott and he said he had no church oxen in his
company. Colonel Rockwood and President Young said several teams were given up to Colonel
Scott at Pleasant Point. After considerable conversation about Colonel Allen’s papers, said by
Lieutenant Pace to be in the hand of Lieutenant Smith, etc., etc., the subject of old oxen was
introduced. Lorenzo Young said it had been proposed that all old oxen be gathered and fattened
and butchered as wanted, and be distributed, giving the hide and tallow to the owner and meat as
he wanted, and thus save all the young cattle. President Young said the council could
recommend to the brethren to fat their old cattle, have help to take care of them, etc., and have
men appointed to buy the old cattle in camp, butcher and beef, and sell to the camp, and send to
St. Louis by Bishop Whitney to see what he can get for the hide next spring delivered at the
Point, or Subaguay, of the Pottawattamies [Pottawatamies].
Voted on motion of President Young that the council appoint a committee to appraise and take
charge of all cattle in camp, which individuals may wish to dispose of for beef or to exchange,
and that the committee fatten and kill said old cattle, pay the individuals thus putting in cattle in
other cattle or beef or other things as the owners may want, and the committee can supply all at
the order of the council. Voted that Lorenzo Young, Alpheus Cutler, and Cornelius P. Lott be
said beef committee.
President Young’s motion concerning the Battalion carried. [At] 5½ [5:30], council was
informed that the Omaha chiefs had arrived and voted to adjourn till tomorrow morning 8 ½
[8:30 a.m.] at headquarters.
About quarter before 8, council assembled at Captain Rockwood’s tent. Present: Presidents
Young, Kimball, O. Pratt, W. Woodruff, Richards, A. Lyman, Bishop Whitney, J. D. Lee, A. P.
Rockwood. After conversation on various subjects and O. Pratt’s taking a memorandum of
some things wanted of the Omaha chiefs, council retired about 9½ [9:30] and Dr. Richards
continued writing letters till quarter past 2 a.m.