"Out of This World Backward Design"
Out of This World 1 Running head: OUT OF THIS WORLD Out of This World: A Backwards Design Unit Tarleton State University Unit Title: Out of This World 2 Out of This World Grade Level: Fourth Subject/Topic Areas: Science/Space Key Words: Solar System, rotation, revolution, orbit Designed by: Time Frame: Two to three weeks School District: Killeen ISD School: Maxdale Elementary Brief Summary of Unit (including curricular context and unit goals): This unit deals with the interaction of the Solar System and our system on Earth. It addresses the movements of the Earth, the components of the Solar System, and why learning about the Solar System is important. This is the first Science unit of the year and leads into a unit on how the Solar System affects our weather systems on Earth. Established Goals (TEKS): Out of This World 3 4.5- The student is expected to know that a system is a collection of cycles, structures, and processes that interact. 4.6a- The student is expected to identify patterns of change such as in weather, metamorphosis, and objects in the sky. 4.6b- The student is expected to illustrate that certain characteristics of an object can remain constant even when the object is rotated, translated, or reflected. 4.11- The student is expected to understand that the natural world includes earth materials and objects in the sky. What understandings are desired? Students will understand that... Systems interact with one another and affect our daily lives. The world is made up of patterns. The Earth is constantly rotating and revolving. Many components make up the Solar System. What essential questions will be considered? Why do we care about the Solar System? How does the Solar System and its components interact with our system on Earth? What patterns can be found in the Solar System? How does the Earth move and how does this movement affect us? What key knowledge and skills will students acquire as a result of this unit? Out of This World 4 Students will know... Key Terms: rotation, revolution, orbit, system, axis Components of the Solar System The length of a day and a year and what determines these lengths The reason for the seasons Students will be able to... Demonstrate the movements of the Earth Explain how the Solar System interacts with Earth’s systems Describe patterns found in the Solar System What evidence will show that students understand? Out of This World 5 Performance Tasks: In a videotaped lesson, the students will take the role of teachers instructing a younger group of students on the movements of the Earth. Their lesson will include an explanation and demonstration of each of the movements using props and an explanation and demonstration for why we have seasons. In a podcast, students will take the role of tour guides leading tourists through space. During the tour, the students will describe the objects that are encountered in space and also supply pictures of these objects. Other evidence (quizzes, tests, prompts, observations, dialogues, work samples): Written Explanation: Reason for seasons to parent who was surveyed Quiz: Movements of the Earth Poster: Illustration and description of one object found in space Prompt: Write a letter to the principal explaining what you learned about the Solar System and why it is important. Student Self-Assessment and Reflection: Self-assess tour guide podcast Self-assess videotaped lesson Reflect on what was learned about the solar system and why it is important in written prompt Performance Task Blueprint Out of This World 6 What understandings and goals will be assessed through this task? Students will be able to explain the movements of the Earth. Students will be able to explain how the solar system interacts with our system on Earth. What criteria are implied in the standards and understandings regardless of the task specifics? What qualities must student work demonstrate to signify that standards were met? Accurate explanation of movements and seasons Use of terms rotation, revolution, axis, and orbit Ability to demonstrate movements Through what authentic performance task will students demonstrate understanding? Students will take the role of teachers with the job of teaching the movements of the Earth and how they affect people living on Earth. They will demonstrate the movements and the seasons using props and explain the movements and their effects in detail. What student products and performances will provide evidence of desired understandings? Videotaped demonstration of Earth’s movements Oral explanation of movements and how they affect people By what criteria will student products and performances be evaluated? Inclusion of rotation, revolution, axis, and orbit and detailed explanation of each Explanation of how Earth’s movements affect our life Performance Task Blueprint Out of This World 7 What understandings and goals will be assessed through this task? Students will be able to describe components found in the space system. What criteria are implied in the standards and understandings regardless of the task specifics? What qualities must student work demonstrate to signify that standards were met? Ability to explain role of objects Accuracy in description of objects in space Through what authentic performance task will students demonstrate understanding? Students will take the role of tour guides guiding visitors from Earth through the solar system. As their trip progresses they will point out the various components of space, describe them in detail, and explain their function in the system. What student products and performances will provide evidence of desired understandings? Podcast with pictures of objects Oral description and explanation of objects By what criteria will student products and performances be evaluated? Accurate pictures of all objects in space Thorough description of objects Complete explanation of function of each object Creativity in design Learning Experiences and Instruction: Out of This World 8 1. Launch question: Why do we care about the Solar System?- to hook students into considering if the Solar System really has anything to do with us on Earth. 2. KWL on space- cultivate prior knowledge and misconceptions 3. Introduce essential questions and performance tasks 4. Survey on reason for the seasons 5. Homework: Survey a parent on the reason for the seasons 6. Compile information from surveys 7. Prompt students to come up with resources we could use to begin inquiry into why we have seasons, ex. textbooks, trade books, computers, etc. 8. Conduct inquiry 9. Meet in small groups to discuss findings 10. Small groups present findings to whole group, come to a consensus 11. Collectively create class demonstration with key terms being explained when necessary 12. Explain reason for seasons in writing 13. Homework: Report back to parent about real reason for seasons 14. Create teaching presentation in small groups 15. Demonstrate for another group and critique each other’s demonstrations to allow for revision 16. Videotape lesson with self-assessment of performance and explanation 17. Quiz over movements of the Earth 18. Second launch question: Now that we know about Earth, what else is out there? 19. Discuss items from KWL and others that are brought up 20. Students will choose objects to research Out of This World 9 21. Students conduct research and prepare poster of object 22. Students will present findings, others will take notes and discuss 23. Create tour guide podcast using information from presentations and further research when needed with self-assessment 24. Respond to prompt for letter to principal with reflection