NAZI INDOCTRINATION

Document Sample
NAZI INDOCTRINATION Powered By Docstoc
					        NAZI INDOCTRINATION
   Provided new textbooks and
    gave teachers instructions on
    what should be taught
     – Racial theory
     – Teutonic prehistory
     – Pictures of Hitler hung in
       every classroom
     – Emphasis on physical
       education and sports
   Hitler Youth
     – Included 50% of boys
       between 10 and 14
     – Similar organization for
       girls—”League of German
       Girls”
           HITLER’S “LEADERSHIP
                PRINCIPLE”
   Defined as “doctrine of conflict”

   Tolerated open, aggressive
    competition between his
    subordinates and between
    branches of government

   Provided little supervision to
    government agencies

   Valued personal loyalty more than
    efficiency

   Kept precise functions of some of
    his important officials undefined
               REPERCUSSIONS
   Army and air force squabbled over
    resources
   SS and police quarreled over jurisdiction
   Four-Year Plan
     – Launched in 1936 by Hermann Goring
     – Supposed to provide blueprint and
       timetable for development of steel, iron,
       synthetic fuel and rubber industries
     – Goring instead used plan to increase his
       own powerbase
         Other branches of government tried
          to block plan at every step
         Plan failed because of infighting and
          personal power-grabbing
MEANS EMPLOYED TO ATTAIN
    POPULAR SUPPORT
               Rearmament

               Massive public works
                projects

               Increase in consumer
                products

               Cut-rate vacations
                 – “Strength through
                   Joy”
DOWNSIDE
      Industry became
       increasingly dependent on
       imported raw materials
      Development of department
       stores undercut small
       shopkeepers
      Number of small farmers
       declined
        – Despite Nazi glorification
          of rural virtues
            “Blood and Soil”
                  WOMEN
 Nazis believed that a
  woman’s place was in the
  home or delivery room
   – Forced women to give up
     industrial jobs and also
     public service and teaching
     jobs
 Certain occupations classified
  as “women’s work”
   – Farmwork
   – Traditional textile
     manufacturing
 Campaign to exclude women
  from industrial workforce
  failed because of need for
  industrial workers during the
  war
                INTELLECTUALS
   Philosopher Martin
    Heidegger praised Hitler
    and was used as an
    example of how German
    scholars supported the
    Third Reich
     – Exception, not the rule
     – Most great German
       scholars preferred to flee
       the country

   Nazis burned books they
    did not approve of
                          ART
   Nazis hated “decadent art”
    (anything modernistic)

   Walter Gropius
     – Founded Bauhaus in 1919
     – Stressed simplicity and
       beauty; function through form
     – Goal was to reconcile art and
       industry
   Hitler closed Bauhaus in 1934,
    claiming it was a symbol of
    “cultural Bolshevism”
 EXHIBITION OF DENGENERATE
         ART (1937)
BAD ART               GOOD ART
               GOOD
               ART
CULTURAL BIGOTRY
       Hated Jewish composers
         – Gustave Mahler
         – Arnold Schonberg
       Censored the theater
         – Hitler preferred light plays and
           stupid rural comedies
       Disliked anything that represented
        a loosening of sexual morality
         – Homosexuality
         – Jazz
         – Modern dances
       Joseph Goebbels
         – Allowed movie producers and
           newspaper editors to censor
           themselves
NAZI FILM

       Subsidized
        violently anti-
        semitic films
        – “The Swiss Jew”
          (1940)

       Commissioned
        propaganda films
        – Leni Riefenstahl
        – “Triumph of the
          Will” (1934)

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:165
posted:7/27/2012
language:English
pages:11