GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE by 4yI89Hd9

VIEWS: 8 PAGES: 35

									                                                  -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                                            CONTENTS
GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE .................................................................................................... 2
NATURAL RESOURCES ............................................................................................................ 3
  Agriculture ............................................................................................................................... 3
  Fishery..................................................................................................................................... 5
  Mineral Resources .................................................................................................................. 7
THE PEOPLE .............................................................................................................................. 8
THE GOVERNMENT ................................................................................................................... 8
  The Islands Plan ...................................................................................................................... 9
DEFENCE.................................................................................................................................. 10
ECONOMY ................................................................................................................................ 10
THE FALKLAND ISLANDS DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION ………...………………..…….12
COMMUNICATIONS ................................................................................................................. 13
EMPLOYMENT/ IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ................................................................... 14
TAXATION ................................................................................................................................ 15
  Corporation Tax..................................................................................................................... 15
  Income Tax............................................................................................................................ 15
  Tax Residency……………………………………………………………………..16
  Retirement Pension Scheme ................................................................................................. 17
EDUCATION ............................................................................................................................. 18
HEALTH SERVICES ................................................................................................................. 20
PHILATELY & POSTAL SERVICES ........................................................................................ 21
CURRENCY / BANKING ........................................................................................................... 22
TRANSPORT SERVICES ......................................................................................................... 23
  International........................................................................................................................... 23
  Internal .................................................................................................................................. 24
  Air Freight .............................................................................................................................. 24
TRAVEL & TOURISM ............................................................................................................... 25
WILDLIFE .................................................................................................................................. 27
RECREATION / AMENITIES .................................................................................................... 28
RELIGION ................................................................................................................................. 29
USEFUL ADDRESSES ............................................................................................................. 30
  Travel Agents in the Falkland Islands ................................................................................... 30
  Falkland Islands Support Groups .......................................................................................... 31
LIST OF FREIGHT FORWARDERS………………………………………………………………...33

            Please note that all information herein is subject to change without notice




                                                                      -1-

                       Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                      -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                     GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE

Situated in the South Atlantic, the Falkland Islands lie some 400 miles (483 km) from the South
American mainland and 850 miles (1,365 km) north of the Antarctic Circle. The Islands are
located between Latitude 51˚ and 53˚ S and Longitude 57˚ and 62˚ W; approximately the same
latitude south as London lies north.

The Falkland Islands comprise two main Islands (East and West Falkland) and 778 smaller
islands, with a total land area of approximately 4,700 square miles (12,173 square km),
covering an area just over half the size of Wales. The distance from Stanley, on the extreme
east, to New Island, on the extreme west, is some 148 miles (238 km).

The coastline is deeply indented and affords many good anchorages. There are no major
inland waters. Topographically the Islands are generally hilly, with the highest points being
Mount Usborne at 2,312 ft (705m) on East Falkland, and Mount Adam at 2,297 ft (700m) on
West Falkland. Most of the uplands are comparatively bare of vegetation, being of eroded peat,
scree and stone runs (‘rivers’ of angular quartzite boulders that ‘flow’ from the hilltops). Whilst
cultivated trees do grow, there are no indigenous trees, the natural vegetation being grassland,
with some species of heath and dwarf shrubs. Bird and marine mammal life, such as geese,
penguins, seabirds and seals, are diverse and unspoiled. There are no native land animals.
Legislation provides for the protection of most birds and mammals and for the establishment of
some areas as wildlife sanctuaries and reserves.

The climate is characterised by a narrow temperature range, which varies from 24˚C (76˚F) in
January, to - 5˚C (22˚F) in July, with a mean annual temperature of approximately 5.6˚C (42˚F).
Strong winds are common, but the rainfall pattern is comparatively low and evenly distributed
throughout the year, averaging 625 mm (24 inches) in Stanley. The climate is influenced by the
cold surface current from the Antarctic, which is much colder than the polar cap of the north.

Falkland Islands winters tend not to be as severe as found in some parts of the United
Kingdom, although snow has been recorded in most months it seldom lies for long. Whilst
summers are not quite as hot, the Islands generally enjoy more hours of sunshine than the
south of England. A combination of clear air, light winds and bright sunshine increase the risk
of sunburn; the wearing of a high factor suntan cream is recommended for extensive periods
outdoors.




                                                      -2-

                Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                     -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                       NATURAL RESOURCES

Agriculture
For 160 years, until the introduction of the Fishery Conservation Zone in 1987, sheep farming
and the export of wool provided the main base of the Islands economy.

Since 1987 the sale of fishing licences has become the major income source for the Islands.
However, sheep farming remains the major form of land use. The soils of the Islands are quite
acidic and relatively infertile. These inherent difficulties, when coupled with a windy and cool
oceanic climate, and added to the geographic isolation of the Falklands, have ensured that wool
is still the main land based export.

Farmland extends to approximately 1,140,500 hectares and carries approximately 600,000
sheep and 5,000 cattle. Pre-1979 there were 36 farms in the Islands. However, as a result of
Government policy to increase the number of locally owned and operated farms through sub-
division of some of the larger ‘corporate farms’, there are now 88 farms. Most of these are run
as family units with an average size of 10,000 hectares running 6,400 sheep.

In 1991, four large farms, equating to about 25% of the total farm land in the Islands, were
purchased by the Falkland Islands Government from the Falkland Islands Company,
demonstrating the Government’s commitment to agriculture in the Islands. The Falkland
Landholdings Corporation was established as a statutory organisation to run these farms, which
total 308,000 ha, with 180,000 sheep and approximately 900 head of cattle.

The Islands average annual wool clip for the past decade has been approximately 2,200 tonnes
(greasy) with an average fibre diameter of 26 micron. Sheep breeds are predominantly
Polwarth and Corriedale. In 2005 an ongoing major ovine Embryo Transplant and Artificial
Insemination programme was initiated, with the aim of speeding up the lowering of micron and
improving meat carcasses in order to increase revenue to farmers. This includes introducing
sheep breeds such as Dohne Merino and SAMMS (South African Mutton Merino) on farms.

In December 2002 the Islands newly constructed abattoir received accreditation to enable meat
exports to the UK and Europe. Sand Bay Abattoir’s first production of sheep meat was exported
to the UK in May 2003. In 2005 the meat from approximately 23,000 sheep and lambs was
exported to the UK and into European markets.

In addition to the sheep improvement work, funds are available through the Department of
Agriculture for pasture improvement. Farmers are being encouraged to run their farms as
profitable businesses that can compete on world markets and can enrol on the scheme if they
can demonstrate a return on funds provided by the Government.



                                                     -3-

               Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                     -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                       NATURAL RESOURCES

Agriculture (cont)
Farms in the Falkland Islands are extensively managed and lend themselves to the production
of sheep meat, wool and beef grazed almost exclusively on natural pastures with very little use
of synthetic chemicals or treatments. A number of farms in the Islands are designated as
organic suppliers for their produce.

The main charter of the Department of Agriculture is to foster a viable and internationally
competitive agricultural industry through integrated applied research, extension, business skill
development and regulatory programmes. The Department also provides veterinary, quarantine
and agricultural laboratory services to the Islands.

Department of Mineral Resources & Agriculture                     Tel:        + 500 27355
Stanley                                                           Fax:        + 500 27352
Falkland Islands                                                  Email:      KStephenson@doa.gov.fk
FIQQ 1ZZ                                                          Web:        www.agriculture.gov.fk




                                                     -4-

               Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                     -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                       NATURAL RESOURCES

Fishery

Falklands waters are noted for their squid production, accounting for c. 10% of world squid
supply. Squid usually account for around 75% of annual catches of some 200,000 tonnes, and
are destined for markets in Europe and the Far East. The balance of catches consist of
various finfish species including Blue Whiting, Hake, Hoki and Toothfish.

Illex argentinus squid are fished principally by specialist squid jigging vessels from the Far
East. Loligo gahi squid are fished mainly by trawlers registered in the Falklands and owned
jointly by Falklands and European companies. There are 21 ocean going fishing vessels
registered in Stanley.

Revenue from the sale of fishing licenses has been as high as £20-25M. More recently
revenue has declined to £12-15M per annum as a result of several poor Illex seasons. Some
£5M of fisheries income is spent each year on fisheries protection and research.

To ensure that conservation targets are achieved, fishing effort is controlled by limiting the
number of vessels licensed to fish within the zone. Additional restrictions include closed areas
and seasons to protect spawning squid and, in the case of finfish, a minimum mesh size is
imposed. Catch data is collected from all vessels on a daily basis.

To protect against poachers, the waters are patrolled by Falkland Islands Government aircraft
and an armed fishery protection vessel.

A recent major review of fisheries policy concluded with agreement on three significant policy
initiatives, outlined as follows:

         The development of port infrastructure and services to enable more fishing vessels to
          use Stanley as their home port, and to develop the range of fishing related activities
          that could be undertaken ashore, such as services to vessels and storage and
          processing of catch;

         The development of aquaculture and marine farming, introducing specific legislation
          to facilitate and regulate development;

         The introduction of a system of transferable rights in the fishery, which will have
          similarities with the Individual Transferable Quota schemes used elsewhere, but
          continue to be based on fishing effort. The security and flexibility this will give the
          industry should lead to significant development making this probably the most
          fundamental change in the fishery since the introduction of the fisheries zone.

                                                     -5-

               Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                       -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

Fishery (cont)

The common theme of all three policy initiatives is to greatly expand the contribution made by
fisheries and maritime businesses to the Falklands economy.

Falkland Islands fisheries law was substantially revised and re-stated in 2005; this is the first
major revision of fisheries law since the introduction of the Fishing Zone in 1986. The new law
enables and regulates the new system of transferable fishing rights. It has also provided the
opportunity to update fisheries law incorporating a number of international developments
particularly in relation to the conservation of marine resources.

Fisheries Department
Stanley                                 Tel:                           +500 27260
Falkland Islands                        Fax:                           +500 27265
FIQQ 1ZZ                                E-mail:                        director@fisheries.gov.fk
                                        Website:                       www.fis.com/falklandfish




                                                       -6-

                 Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                       -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                         NATURAL RESOURCES

  Mineral Resources
  Oil exploration around the Falkland Islands has gained considerable momentum over the last
  two years, providing a welcome, temporary boost to the Islands’ economy and making long-
  term oil production in the Falklands an increasingly realistic prospect.

  The 2010-2012 drilling campaign undertaken by Desire Petroleum and Rockhopper Exploration
  saw 11 wells drilled, most notable of which was the Sea Lion Oil Discovery and its subsequent
  appraisal and test wells. Rockhopper believe that the Sea Lion discovery could hold some
  350m barrels of recoverable oil, and have begun planning for a possible production phase.

  Should any operator enter a long-term production phase, it is envisaged that production and
  processing infrastructure will be based offshore. This will not only reduce the onshore
  environmental impact on the Islands, but will also ensure that the socio-economic impact will
  not prove overwhelming for the existing infrastructure.

  The Falkland Islands Government has began to plan ahead to ensure that the Falklands are
  prepared should a production phase take off. This includes reviewing not only the current level
  of infrastructure and service provision, but also the relevant legislation to ensure that it
  conforms to international best practice. Furthermore, an Oil & Gas Development Group has
  been set up in order to ensure that the existing private sector benefits from any oil exploration
  or production.

  Maintaining the unique natural heritage and unspoilt environment of the Falklands remains a
  key Government priority in approving any exploration or production. As such, all such
  operations require operators to submit an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), which in
  turn is subject to a strict public consultation period. The current exploration campaign has seen
  a very inclusive environmental auditing process, whereby NGOs and stakeholders are included
  in environmental impact discussions from as early a stage as possible. Furthermore, the
  department of Mineral Resources, in conjunction with operators, environmental stakeholders
  and other government departments, has created the Offshore Hydrocarbons Environmental
  Forum, whose aim it is to promote cooperation between all relevant bodies and jointly develop a
  shared vision on how best to protect the unique environment of the Falklands.

Department of Mineral Resources &                         Tel:         +500 27322
Agriculture                                               Fax:         +500 27321
Stanley                                                   Email:       RCordeiro@mineralresources.gov.fk
Falkland Islands                                          Web:         www.falklands-oil.com
FIQQ 1ZZ



                                                       -7-

                 Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                      -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                               THE PEOPLE

There was no indigenous population and the Islands remained uninhabited until 1833. The
population of the Falkland Islands is almost exclusively of British birth or descent, and many
can trace their origins in the territory back to the mid-nineteenth century.

The 2006 Census records a resident population of 2,478 people (not including military
personnel). The capital, Stanley, has 2,115 residents, an increase of 6.3% on the 2001 Census
figures. The remainder were living in scattered farms and settlements throughout Camp (the
local term for the countryside). The figures exclude the military garrison and 477 civilians based
at Mount Pleasant, but they include expatriate staff in fixed term government and permanent
posts.


                                           THE GOVERNMENT

The Falkland Islands are a United Kingdom Overseas Territory by choice. Supreme authority is
vested in Her Majesty The Queen and exercised by a Governor on her behalf, with the advice
and assistance of the Executive Council and Legislative Assembly.

Following almost ten years of discussion and negotiation, a new Constitution for the Falkland
Islands took effect on 1 January 2009. Marking an important milestone in the history of the
Falkland Islands, the new Constitution provides enhanced local democracy and internal self-
government, and enshrines the right of self-determination.

The Falklands have developed considerably both economically and socially since the previous
Constitution was introduced 1985, and the new Constitution reflects this. The Islanders’ right to
determine their own future has been reinforced, as self-determination is now embedded in the
main body of the Constitution. The Constitution enhances local democracy, while retaining
sufficient powers for the UK Government to protect UK interests and to ensure the overall good
governance of the Territory. It provides for greater transparency and accountability through the
creation of a Public Accounts Committee and a Complaints Commissioner, and the Human
Rights chapter has been brought up to date to bring it into line with international agreements.
In line with other UK Overseas Territories, the Legislative Council will now be called the
Legislative Assembly, and Legislative Councillors are now Members of the Legislative
Assembly.
The new Constitution makes much clearer Assembly Members’ responsibility for most domestic
policies and that, in general, the Governor will now have to abide by the advice of the Executive
Council on such matters. However, the new Constitution will also enshrine a power for the
Governor not to act upon Executive Council's advice "in the interests of good governance", or in
relation to external affairs, defence, internal security, the administration of justice, audit, and
management of the public service.
                                                      -8-

                Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                      -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-




The Legislative Assembly (LA) is chaired by a Speaker and includes two ex officio members:
the Chief Executive and the Financial Secretary. The Attorney General and Commander British
Forces South Atlantic Islands (CBFSAI) are also entitled to attend LA meetings. The Speaker
is a non-elected position, chosen from the community by Councillors.

Each year the Legislative Councillors elect three of their number to stand as members of the
Executive Council (ExCo), which includes the same two ex officio members who sit on LA. In
addition, the Attorney General and CBFSAI may attend and speak on any matter. The
Governor is obliged to consult ExCo in the exercise of his functions.

LA is empowered to pass legislation for the peace, order and good government of the Falkland
Islands, subject to the approval of Her Majesty the Queen, acting through her Secretary of State
for Foreign Affairs. LA meetings are held in public, usually bi-monthly.

Elected Councillors have a substantial measure of responsibility for the conduct of affairs
concerning the Falkland Islands, although the Governor retains responsibility for external affairs
and defence. The Governor nevertheless consults regularly with Councillors on these issues.



The Islands Plan
In 2001 the Falkland Islands Government (FIG) introduced The Islands Plan – a three year
rolling programme aimed at achieving sustainable economic growth, whilst preserving the
natural environment and unique culture of the Falkland Islands.

Diversification of the economy is fundamental to the Plan. In particular, a business plan for
agriculture has been approved, and is now being implemented, to reduce reliance on income
from wool by the development of a meat export industry meeting European standards. Newly
introduced legislation which completely re-structures fisheries licensing has been implemented
to encourage the development of the industry including services onshore, and encourage the
development of related industries such as mussel farms and freezer plants. Investment in
communications and tourism is also underway with a particular emphasis on the development
of land-based tourism building on successful cruise ship tourism.

Reviewed each year, The Islands Plan lays out nine themes under which targets for society, the
economy and environment in the medium term are laid out. The themes include:
    Ensuring, in partnership with the United Kingdom, the Islands’ right to self-determination
     and British Sovereignty;
    management of the economy to allow all sectors of society to prosper;


                                                      -9-

                Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                      -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

    providing all residents with the opportunity to develop their skills and abilities through
     education and training in a way that suits them and the needs of society;
    working to develop infrastructure, particularly transport and communications, to meet the
     economic and social development needs of Falkland Islanders;
    building a healthy and fit society;
    improving efficiency of Government Services to the community and ensuring that
     Government reserves are held at sensible levels;
    Camp to remain viable as a well populated and economically and socially self-sustaining
     community;
    protecting and treasuring the unspoiled nature of the environment through environmentally
     sustainable development;
    ensuring a well-housed, well-served, safe community.

All nine themes support FIG’s mission ‘to protect and to improve the quality of life of Falkland
Islands People and Community’. The latest and complete edition of the Islands plan can be
downloaded from the Falkland Islands Government website www.falklands.gov.fk


                                                  DEFENCE

Since the Argentine invasion in 1982 the Islands have been defended by a tri-service garrison
maintained at the minimum size (1,700) required to ensure their security. The Military run the
international airport at Mount Pleasant, opened in May 1985 and located some 35 miles from
Stanley. Relations between the civilian and military populations are good.

Local support is provided by the Falkland Islands Defence Force, whose history dates back to
1892. Funded by the Falkland Islands Government, the Defence Force is recognised as a
skilled and effective Territorial Army unit, not only forming an integral part of the Islands’
defence operation, but also carrying out search and rescue operations.


                                                 ECONOMY

Where the economy of the Falklands Islands was traditionally agriculture-based, the bulk of the
Government revenue now comes from the Fishery, following the declaration of the Falkland
Islands Interim Conservation and Management Zone (FICZ) in 1987. More recently, growth in
tourism and oil exploration activities have boosted the economy.



                                                      - 10 -

                Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                     -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

The activity generated by these activities has resulted in full employment and an increase in
salaries and wages. The GDP of the Islands rose from about £5 million in 1980, to
approximately £100 million in 2009.


          Below is a table showing the estimated Revenue & Expenditure for the
                                2011/2012 financial year.
                                                 Revenue                                            Expenditure
                                                   (£m)                                                (£m)

 Procurement & Efficiency                           1.3              Procurement & Efficiency          3.9
 Health & Education                                 2.7              Health & Education                12.7
 Public Works                                       6.1              Public Works                      8.9
 Natural Resources (includes Fishing
 licence revenue)                                   13.5             Natural Resources                  6.0
 Attorney General                                    0               Attorney General                   1.0
 Community Safety (includes Customs
 Services)                                          4.0              Community Safety                   1.8
 Executive Management                               0.1              Executive Management               2.7
 Mineral Resources                                  0.6              Mineral Resources                  0.5
 The Treasury (includes Taxation)                   18.1             The Treasury                       4.6
 Other                                               0               Other                              3.8

 TOTAL                                              46.4                                               45.9




                                                     - 11 -

               Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                     -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-



                THE FALKLAND ISLANDS DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION

The Falkland Islands Development Corporation (FIDC) was created in 1984, in response to one
of the recommendations of Lord Shackleton's 1982 economic study of the Falkland Islands.
Initially funded by the Overseas Development Administration (ODA), its annual budget of
approximately £1m is now funded by the Falkland Islands Government. Key policy decisions
are made by the Falkland Islands Development Board, which comprises representatives of
each of the key economic sectors and the Falkland Islands Government.

The Falkland Islands Development Corporation (FIDC) is responsible for encouraging the
economic development of the Islands. The organisation works at national, business sector and
individual levels.

At the national level, FIDC tackles important infrastructure issues. Externally, these include air
access and connection to the worldwide containerised shipping network. Within the Islands, the
organisation is working hard to establish an East-West ferry link and has invested £5m to create
from scratch a world-class meat export industry.

FIDC works closely with different economic sectors to further their interests. These activities
have included employing an aquaculture specialist to explore the potential for fish farming in the
Islands, appointing consultants to investigate the possibilities for expanded tourism facilities,
and working with others in the Islands to add value to wool.

FIDC also supports a range of promotional and marketing initiatives including the Falkland
Islands internet portal at www.falklandsislands.com, and the creation of the Falklands Wool
Mark and Mark of Origin.

Finally, FIDC is a key resource for individual companies, offering business development advice
and providing loans and targeted grants. The organisation can be involved in activities as
diverse as advising a single individual who wants to start a new business in their spare room, to
the establishment of a whole new industry, as in the case of meat exports

Falkland Islands Development Corporation                         Tel:         +500 27211
Stanley                                                          Fax:         +500 27210
Falkland Islands                                                 E-mail:      develop@fidc.co.fk
FIQQ 1ZZ                                                         Web:         www.fidc.co.fk




                                                     - 12 -

               Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                      -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                       COMMUNICATIONS

The first telephones were installed by the Falkland Island Company in 1880, with Cable &
Wireless installing the first international telephone link to the UK in the mid 60s.

Communication on the Islands has changed significantly since then, with Cable and Wireless
South Atlantic now providing national, international and mobile telephone coverage (albeit
mobile coverage is limited to Stanley and MPA) and internet services. In 2006 Broadband was
successfully implemented in Stanley and MPA, with 2008 / 09 seeing the service delivered
across the Islands. High quality satellite links provide clear and fast connection with the rest of
the World. Roaming facilities are also available on a number of mobile networks, which enables
calls and text messaging between agreed networks across the world.

Cable & Wireless has two shops; Ross Road West, Stanley, which is open all day Monday to
Friday 8am to 4.30pm and FIC shopping Complex at MPA, open Tuesday and Thursday
9.30am to 2.00pm. Both shops offer a full range of telecommunication equipment.

Phonecards for use in call boxes and mobile top up cards can be purchased at both C&W
shops and at many other retail outlets in Stanley. Only C&W Falkland Islands pre-paid
phonecards can be used in the call boxes situated throughout Stanley and at Mount Pleasant.

Wi-fi hotspots are available in a number of locations, including The Narrows Bar, Millers Bar,
Malvina House Hotel and C&W shop Stanley.

A ship-to-shore service is available to vessels anchored in port.

The Falkland Islands Radio Service (FIRS), in conjunction with the British Forces Broadcasting
Service (BFBS), broadcasts 24 hours a day on FM and MW. Some BBC World Service
programmes are also received in the Islands.

BFBS provides a single channel TV service (UKPAL) to Stanley, Mount Pleasant, and most
outlying settlements. Video equipment (VHS) is available for purchase and hire, and there are
several well-stocked video libraries. A Cable TV service is also in operation, broadcasting a
number of channels to Stanley residents. A decoder is required.

There is considerable interest in amateur radio and '2 metre' radio equipment is popular for
communication in remote areas, as well as from vehicles. The Falkland Islands Government is
the licensing authority.

Cable & Wireless                                   Tel:          +500 20820
Stanley                                            Fax:          +500 20811
Falkland Islands                                   E-mail:       info@cwfi.co.fk
FIQQ 1ZZ                                           Web:          www.cwfi.co.fk
                                                      - 13 -

                Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                     -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-


                        EMPLOYMENT/ IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS

There is a workforce of over 2,000 people in the Falkland Islands. Whilst FIG remains the
largest employer with a workforce of some 600 employees, there is a growing private sector in
the Falkland Islands supporting industries such as fisheries, tourism and infrastructure
development as well as business services and shops.

Technical and professional posts that cannot be filled from local resources are recruited for on
fixed term contracts from overseas, mainly the United Kingdom, St. Helena, Australia or New
Zealand. Permits are required to work in the Islands.

The Falkland Islands General Employees Union (GEU) is registered under the Trade Unions
and Trade Disputes Ordinance. It has the character of a general workers union and is an
affiliate member of the International Confederation of Trade Unions.

For information and forms for Work Permits, Visitors Permits, Customs and other Immigration
issues please contact:

Customs and Immigration Department                       Tel:                 +500 27340
Stanley                                                  Fax:                 +500 27342
Falkland Islands                                         Email:               admin@customs.gov.fk
FIQQ 1ZZ


To enquire about FIG vacancies being advertised from the London Office please contact:

The Recruitment Officer                                  Tel:                 +44 0207 222 2542
Falkland House                                           Fax:                 +44 0207 222 2375
14 Broadway                                              Email:               recruitment@falklands.gov.fk
London SW1H 0BH




                                                     - 14 -

               Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                      -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

   Taxation - This tax information is for guidance only and may alter without notice.
INCOME TAX

The Falkland Islands (FI) income tax year runs 1 Jan to 31 Dec. Husband and wife are taxed
independently. There is no self-assessment; individuals are required to complete an income tax
return.

The Personal Allowance (PA) for 2012 is £12,000. You may not be entitled to the full PA,
please see ‘Tax Residency’.

Individuals are taxed at the following rates, after taking into account allowable deductions:

          For 2012:
                            First £12,000                                  @ 21%
                            Rest                                           @ 26%

        (as from 1 Jan 2011 Family Allowance payments become subject to income tax)


MEDICAL SERVICES TAX (MST)

MST is applied through the same system as income tax and comes into force from 1 January
2011. There is a separate guide available on MST.

MST is due on all earnings from employment, including benefits in kind, and self-employed
earnings, the rates are:
                                      Employee           1.0%
                                      Employer           1.5%
                                      Self-employed      1.5%

MST is not applied to the below income:

          Bounties (FIDF, Fire & Police)
          All income of anyone under 17 years old
          Pensions
          Family allowance
          Net profits for a period of account which started before 1 Jan 2011
          Savings & investments
          Grants, welfare payments, reimbursements & employment expenses (conditions
          apply)




                                                      - 15 -

                Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                      -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

EMPLOYEE TAXATION
There is a system of withholding sums (POAT - Payments on Account of Tax) from employee
remuneration by employers. These are set out in detail in the Payments on Account of Tax
(Employees Deductions) Regulations.

Non-residents should have income tax deducted at a straight 21%, they can claim any PA
entitlement in their individual tax return. Resident individuals should have income tax
deductions made according to the monthly/weekly tax tables which take into account the PA.

There is limited taxation of benefits-in-kind; these are set out in detail in The Taxes (Benefits in
Kind) Rules. There is a separate guide available on Benefits In Kind.

As from 1 Jan 2011 you will have an additional monthly/weekly tax deduction of a 1% MST
applied to your gross earnings. Employee MST will be assessed on any benefits in kind
received from your employer at the same time your income tax return is assessed.

TAX RESIDENCY
An individual’s entitlement to allowances/deductions and chargeable income depends on their
residency position for tax purposes (please note that this differs to residency for immigration
purposes).

Resident – basically present in FI for a total of 183 days or more during the relevant tax year.

Ordinarily resident – repeatedly resident in FI except for a temporary absence (not exceeding
2 complete tax years)

Individuals resident and/or ordinarily resident for tax purposes are assessed on their
worldwide income, are entitled to the full PA and may claim a deduction for certain
pension/retirement benefit schemes (a copy of the relevant policy documents and proof of
premium payments are required in order to consider if the scheme is allowable under FI taxes
legislation), subscriptions and charitable donations.

Credit will normally be given for foreign taxes either unilaterally or through the one Double
Taxation Agreement, with the UK. Proof of foreign tax paid will be required.

Individuals who are neither resident nor ordinarily resident (present less than 183 days in
the tax year) are assessed on income from within FI and/or for duties performed in the FI and
are only entitled to a proportion of the PA according to the number of days they were present in
the FI during the relevant tax year. A non-resident individual can claim relief for compulsory
Retirement Pension Contributions (RPC).
NB: Please also be aware that any allowance granted may also be subject to Benefit in
Kind and it is your responsibility to check with the Tax Office details of these
allowances/payments.
                                                      - 16 -

                Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                      -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-


TAXATION EXAMPLES:

The amount of tax that would be charged on an individual FI tax resident (present 183 days or
more in the tax year) with an annual salary of £32,000, no other taxable income and a full year’s
RPC payments is as follows:



Tax Year 2011

Worldwide income      £32,000
Personal Allowance     £12,000
RPC                    £ 702
Net chargeable income £19,298

Income Tax Calculation £12,000 @ 21% = 2,520
                        £ 7,298 @ 26% = 1,897.48
                                        £4,417.48

Employee MST due             £32,000 @ 1% = £ 320


Total Due     Income Tax £ 4,417.48
              MST        £ 320.00
                         £ 4,737.48



The Taxation Office holds further guides available by email, post or collection. If you have any
questions on taxation please contact or visit their office.

FIG Taxation Office, St Mary’s Walk, Stanley, Falkland Islands, FIQQ 1ZZ
Telephone No. (+500) 28470 Fax No. (+500) 27287 E-mail: general@taxation.gov.fk

All information in this appendix is subject to change without notice.

Employment Tax Proposal

The introduction of a new tax, “Employment Tax” is under consideration. A tax at the rate of 2%
of gross earnings (including allowances and gratuity payments) has been proposed however a
decision on this has been deferred pending a review of Falkland Islands Taxation.

                                                      - 17 -

                Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                     -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

Retirement Pension Scheme
Employees are required to pay weekly contributions which are currently set at £13.50.
Contributions are compulsory and will be deducted from salary each month. Under the terms
of Falkland Islands law there is no facility for refunds of contributions to be made, under any
circumstances, however a partial pension can be paid at retirement age provided an individual
makes 250 weekly contributions to the scheme. If your period of residence in the Falklands is
less than 5 years you can, if you so wish, make voluntary payments to the scheme from
anywhere in the world in order to achieve 250 contributions. These payments will be at the
higher overseas rate however, of which the exact amount can be confirmed by the Pensions
Officer. This is a state operated pension scheme, it is not recognised in the UK and likewise
UK National Insurance is not recognised in the Falklands. Further information can be obtained
from the Pensions Officer (details below).

All rates and income levels above are under annual review and are subject to change; therefore
all rates given are Estimates only.

This is a state operated scheme. It is not recognised in the UK and likewise UK National
Insurance is not recognised in the Falklands therefore it is not transferable.

Taxation Office                                               Tel:            +500 28470
Stanley                                                       Fax:            +500 27287
Falkland Islands                                              E-mail:         general@taxation.gov.fk
FIQQ 1ZZ

Pensions Officer
Stanley                                                       Tel:            +500 28415
Falkland Islands                                              Fax:            +500 27411
FIQQ 1ZZ                                                      E-mail:         NDodd@sec.gov.fk




                                                     - 18 -

               Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                      -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                                EDUCATION

Schooling is free and compulsory for children between five and sixteen years of age. FIG
provides staff, equipment and supplies for education throughout the Islands, has a primary and
a secondary school in Stanley and operates three small settlement schools on large farms.
Other primary aged, rural pupils are taught by travelling teachers, and older children attend
school in Stanley, living at a boarding hostel.

The Falkland Islands education system operates to United Kingdom standards using British
methods and examination systems. Teaching staff tend to come from Britain, Australia or New
Zealand, although there are also local teachers, all of whom have received training in the
United Kingdom. Schools are inclusive. Children with a wide range of special needs work
alongside other children in mainstream classes and receive additional support.

Stanley Infant/Junior School is conveniently sited in the centre of town. The main school block
was constructed in 1955, with large modern extensions being completed in 1990, 1996 and
2002. It is a well resourced, forward-looking school with full curriculum provision for pupils from
pre-school to Year 6. There are 21 teaching staff, with 240 pupils.

In rural areas younger children attend a settlement school, or are visited by one of a team of
travelling teachers for two out of every six weeks. Settlement and travelling teachers receive
support from the Camp Education Unit based in Stanley. This unit conducts individual daily
lessons by telephone and also helps by setting homework for children between travelling
teachers’ visits.

Older children from Camp attend school in Stanley and live in a boarding hostel staffed by a
Head of Hostel, a Matron, four houseparents and others. In early 1985, purpose built
dormitories were opened for up to 65 pupils aged between 10 and 16. There is also ample
accommodation for dining, study and recreational activities.

The Falkland Islands Community School (FICS), which opened in 1992, has 23 specialist staff,
and offers 12 subjects at GCSE level to its 153 students. Pupils also have the opportunity to
take a variety of RSA and Pitman examinations as well as some locally certified courses. All
school leavers receive a Record of Achievement, which identifies their positive achievements
during their time at school.

Students who achieve the appropriate grades at GCSE are funded for A Level courses at Peter
Symonds’ Sixth Form College, Winchester, or to attend Chichester College to acquire National
Diplomas or NVQs. FIG also offers grants to attend Higher Education courses, mainly in the
UK.



                                                      - 19 -

                Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                     -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

The Community School is home to the Leisure Centre, which includes a 25 metre heated
swimming pool amongst its facilities, and is open to the public when not in use by the school.
The joint public/school library is also situated in the Community School.

The school year in Stanley begins in September and is divided into three terms, each having a
half term break. Term dates for Camp are similar but may be modified to suit the convenience
of farms, provided that the days worked are not fewer than those in Stanley schools.

PLEASE NOTE THAT THE SCHOOLS CLOSE FOR LUNCH BREAKS AND THERE ARE NO
SCHOOL DINNER/ CANTEEN FACILITIES. PICK UP AND DROP OFF FEES CAN BE
PROVIDED FOR A FEE BY SOME OF THE LOCAL CHILDCARE FACILITIES HOWEVER.

Education Department                                          Tel:        +500 27289
Stanley                                                       Fax:        +500 27292
Falkland Islands                                              E-mail:     lmcmullen.edu@sec.gov.fk
FIQQ 1ZZ




                                                     - 20 -

               Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                     -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                          HEALTH SERVICES

The Falkland Islands Government Health Service is responsible for the provision of all
preventive and curative medical services in the Islands, including dental care, social and
benefits services. The Chief Medical Officer is also responsible for advising the Falkland
Islands Government on health policy matters. The general standard of health within the
Falkland Islands is good.
Primary and secondary health care facilities are based at the King Edward VII Memorial
Hospital (KEMH) in Stanley, the only hospital in the Islands. It is a 27-bedded hospital with a
small accident and emergency department, an acute ward with a two-bedded intensive care
unit, an isolation unit, and a maternity bed. It has an adjoining 7-bedded long stay nursing care
unit consisting of single rooms with en suite facilities.     Patients requiring primary care and
outpatient services are seen in the dedicated outpatient suite. Dental services are also located
in the hospital. There is a well-equipped pharmacy which dispenses all prescriptions and
provides an ‘over the counter’ medicine sales and health advice service.

The social services team provides support for a wide range of people with social care needs
including children, older people, and people with disabilities or long-term mental health
problems. As well as a sheltered and mobile warden service, they also provide the Islands’
probation service.

KEMH has a full range of medical, dental, nursing (including midwives and community nurses),
allied health professional staff and engineering, qualified to UK standards or recognised
equivalents. Wherever possible, the hospital adheres to UK standards/guidelines for medical
practice.

Care to the remote farm settlements is provided by the GPs via telephone consultations and
regular visits. In an emergency situation, the doctor can be taken to the settlement, or the
patient evacuated to Stanley, using the Falkland Islands Government Air Service (FIGAS).

Specialist services are provided by a range of visiting consultants based in the United Kingdom.
These include ophthalmologist, gynaecologist, ENT surgeon, orthopaedic surgeon, psychiatrist,
and oral surgeon. Patients who cannot wait for their visits, or who need access to other
diagnostic or treatment services are referred either to UK hospitals under a reciprocal
agreement with the UK NHS, or, increasingly, to Santiago. Patients who need emergency
treatment that the hospital cannot provide may be flown by air ambulance to Chile or Uruguay.

Medical Department
King Edward VII Memorial Hospital
Stanley                                                          Tel:         +500 28000
Falkland Islands                                                 Fax:         +500 28002
FIQQ 1ZZ                                                         E-mail:      cblackley@kemh.gov.fk

                                                     - 21 -

               Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                     -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                PHILATELY & POSTAL SERVICES
Airmail is exchanged with the UK via the RAF Airbridge on average six times per month.
Incoming Surface Mails are received approximately once a month. Surface mail can take
around 12 weeks before receipt in Stanley due to shipping schedules and voyage times en
route.

An Air Parcel Service (over 2kg) is received weekly from the UK and the World via Chile.

Airmail postage rates world-wide as at November 2010:

         Letters – 70p for first 20gms
         Small Packets and Printed Papers – £1.15 for first 70gms
         Postcards – 60p

Philatelic Bureau

Established in 1978 to handle the day to day running of philatelic needs, the Falkland Islands
Philatelic Bureau provides mail order services to collectors around the world. During the 1980’s,
the sale of Falkland Islands stamps and philatelic material reached such heights that it became
one of the largest earners for the Treasury. Whilst other revenues have now grown and this is
no longer the case, Falkland stamps remain extremely popular.
The Falkland Islands Bureau and Post Office also provide Postal and Philatelic Services for
South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands and the British Antarctic Territory. The Bureau
accepts orders via email as well as by facsimile, and there is a philatelic web site. UK cheques,
VISA and MasterCard are accepted as payment from mail order customers.


                                                   Tel:           +500 27159
Philatelic Bureau
                                                   Fax:           +500 27160
Stanley
Falkland Islands                                   Email:         philatelicbureau@townhall.gov.fk
                                                   Web:           www.falklandstamps.com
FIQQ 1ZZ
Post Office                                        Tel:           +500 27180
Stanley                                            Fax:           +500 27160
Falkland Islands
FIQQ 1ZZ




                                                     - 22 -

               Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                      -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                         CURRENCY / BANKING

The Falklands’ pound (FKP) is equal to one pound Sterling (GBP), with notes and coins being
similar to those in the UK except in their design. There are generally no currency restrictions.
Whilst Sterling is accepted in the Islands, visitors can exchange this for FKP after arrival if they
so wish (minimum exchange £1). There is currently no charge for exchanging GBP for FKP,
but a charge of 1% is applied when changing FKP to GBP. Variable charges are also applied
when exchanging other currencies. It should be noted that FKP is not easily exchangeable
outside the Islands.

GBP and USD traveller’s cheques are generally accepted. Exchange facilities are available at
the Standard Chartered Bank (SCB) in Stanley. They are unable however to exchange Euro or
other Travellers cheques at this time.

SCB opened their Stanley branch in 1983, moving in May 1995 to purpose built premises
adjacent to the Town Hall. It is the Islands’ only bank, and provides a comprehensive range of
banking facilities.

Cheques from most, but not all, British High Street banks can be cashed at the bank, up to the
value of a valid cheque guarantee card. At the time of print SCB are unable to cash cheques
form Banks such as Barclays and HSBC and they therefore advise customers to seek advice
from their own banks or SCB directly prior to departure for up to date information. SCB offers
cash on Visa or Mastercard credit cards, subject to a fee and the production of suitable
identification (i.e. Passport or Photocard Driving Licence).

Standard Chartered Bank Charges as at August 2006 (Currently under review. Please
contact SCB for most recent tariffs in case of changes).

Cashing UK cheque                                                     0.25% (min £3.00 / max £55.00)
Cashing Travellers Cheque (Sterling/US dollars)                       0.25% (min £3.00 / max £55.00)
Cashing Travellers Cheque (Euros)                                     0.5% (min £5.00 / no max)
Advance on Visa or Mastercard credit or debit card                    3% (min £3) + min £1.50 call charge

Many outlets now take credit cards such as Visa, MasterCard or American Express whilst very
few can take debit cards such as Switch, Maestro, Electron or Solo.

Standard Chartered Bank
Stanley                                                   Tel: +500 21352
Falkland Islands                                          Fax: +500 22219
FIQQ 1ZZ                                                  E-mail: bank.info@fk.standardchartered.com

                                                      - 23 -

                Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                      -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                        TRANSPORT SERVICES

International
There are, on average, two passenger flights in each week from RAF Brize Norton in
Oxfordshire to Mount Pleasant International Airport in the Falkland Islands. The journey takes
approximately 18 hours, with a short re-fuelling stop on Ascension Island.

Three main fare scales are currently applicable (per person, subject to change):

Fare Type                 Tariff                     BZZ-ASI                   ASI-FI
Adult (Duty)              Return                       £925                     £645
                          Single                       £467                     £330
Child/Student             Return                       £515                     £360
                          Single                       £261                     £185
Group Tourist             Return                      £1010                    £1010
                          Single                       £510                     £510
Standard Econ             Return                      £1122                    £1122

A Departure Tax of £22 per person is payable in addition to the above.

Bookings amended or cancelled within two weeks of the scheduled flight date may result in the
loss of the full fare, depending on circumstances.

For further flight information and bookings please contact:

Travel Coordinator                                                             If booking from the UK
Falkland Islands Government Office
Falkland House                                                    Tel:         +44 (0) 20 7222 2542
14 Broadway                                                       Fax:         +44 (0) 20 7222 2375
Westminster                                                       E-mail:      travel@falklands.gov.fk
London SW1H 0BH

Falkland Islands Company Ltd                                                   If booking from the Islands
Stanley                                                           Tel:         +500 27633
Falkland Islands                                                  Fax:         +500 27626
FIQQ 1ZZ                                                          E-mail:      fic.travel@horizon.co.fk




                                                      - 24 -

                Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                      -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

The Chilean airline, LAN, operates a weekly service to the Falklands, flying from Santiago in
Chile Puerto via Punta Arenas with a monthly stop at Rio Gallegos in Argentina.

For further information on this connection please contact your local travel agent or:

International Tours & Travel Ltd
1 Dean Street
P.O. Box 408                                                     Tel:          +500 22041
Stanley                                                          Fax:          +500 22042
Falkland Islands                                                 E-mail:       jf.itt@horizon.co.fk
FIQQ 1ZZ                                                         Web:          www.falklandislands.travel

Each passenger must be in possession of a valid passport (and visa if required) a return air
ticket or evidence of prepaid onward travel arrangements, sufficient funds to cover the expected
stay in the Islands and pre-booked accommodation.

There are no mandatory health requirements for the Falkland Islands or Ascension Island but
yellow fever injections are advisable in case of diversion. Travellers are advised to take out
medical insurance to cover the period of their journey.

Internal
Travel within the Islands is by a variety of means, mainly by aircraft and 4WD vehicles;
motorbikes and horses are also used in Camp. The previously limited road network is
expanding, currently extending to around 550km. This includes the 80 kilometres of road from
Stanley to Mount Pleasant and Goose Green, the largest civilian settlement outside Stanley.

Air transport within the Islands is provided by the Falkland Islands Government Air Service
(FIGAS) on an increasingly scheduled basis. FIGAS operates four, nine-seater Britten-Norman
"Islander" aircraft to over 35 landing strips across the Islands.

Freight is normally transported around the Islands by the coastal ship, MV ‘Tamar FI’. The ship
carries fuel and supplies to farms and outlying islands. The ‘Tamar’ makes occasional voyages
to Chile and its two double cabins can be booked by passengers.

Air Freight
An air freight service to the Islands is available via the RAF route. DHL also operate a service
using commercial carriers via Chile. Their contact details, along with a list of freight forwarding
companies using the RAF route, can be found at the back of this booklet.




                                                      - 25 -

                Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                      -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                          TRAVEL & TOURISM


Tourism has become a major contributor to the Falkland Islands economy, second only to the
Fisheries sector.

While the Falkland Islands Development Corporation (FIDC) will continue its support for
developing businesses in the tourism sector, the strategic development of the tourism industry
in the Falklands and the marketing of the Islands’ tourism product is the prime responsibility of
the Falkland Islands Tourist Board (FITB). FITB is constitutionally a ‘Company Limited by
Guarantee’, similar to the Falkland Islands Chamber of Commerce.

Tourism in the Islands is an industry that is now predominantly owned and controlled by the
private sector. Central to the tourism strategy is sustainable development, preserving and
protecting the Islands’ character, building on the Islands’ natural strengths – the abundant
wildlife, flora, clean air, open skies, space and remote location – as well as their friendly people
and virtually crime-free environment.

For anyone seeking an escape from the stresses and strains of an urban existence, the Islands
offer a perfect antidote. Lovers of wildlife and the outdoors are delighted by what they find. The
clear light and subject range make this an appealing destination for photographers, while
anglers can enjoy the sea trout and Falklands ‘mullet’ fishing set in peaceful and majestic
scenery.

The number of visitors to the Islands has grown considerably in the last few years, not least due
to the increasing number of cruise ships touring the region. During the 2007/2008 season there
were over 62,000 day visitors from cruise ships, mainly from the USA, Canada, the UK and
Germany. Land-based tourism also continues to grow with local operators reporting an average
increase of 18% in the number of visitors during 2007/08.

There are now more than 30 tour operators featuring tailor-made packages and escorted tours
to the Falkland Islands. Many visitors travel to the Islands on the Ministry of Defence (MoD)
Charter flight from the UK, but increasingly, others are using the weekly commercial service
from South America. The weekly flight, offered by LAN departs Santiago, Chile en route to the
Falklands every Saturday.

 Travel agents in the Islands are also seeing a growth in independent travellers as the LAN
service and the use of the Internet for holiday planning have become more established.




                                                      - 26 -

                Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                     -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

The main tourist lodges on the Islands are located at Darwin, Port Howard, Sea Lion Island,
Carcass Island and Pebble Island. Self-catering accommodation can be found at a selection of
holiday cottages on island farms, and several locations in East and West Falkland. In Stanley
there is one principal hotel (The Malvina House) one motel, and a choice of guest houses and
bed & breakfast accommodation. Whether you stay at a B&B, lodge or up-market hotel, you’ll
be treated to fresh, locally-grown ingredients served in creative, specialist menus.

For more information, visit www.visitorfalklands.com.


Falkland Islands Tourist Board                                Tel:     +500 22215
Tourism Office                                                Fax:     +500 27020
Stanley                                                       Email:   tourism@horizon.co.fk
Falkland Islands                                              Web:     www.visitorfalklands.com
FIQQ 1ZZ


Jetty VisitorCentre                                           Tel:     +500 22381
Stanley                                                       Fax:     +500 22619
Falkland Islands                                              Email:   jettycentre@horizon.co.fk
FIQQ 1ZZ




                                                     - 27 -

               Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                      -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                                  WILDLIFE
The Falkland Islands have a fascinating and unique range of wildlife, found in the many areas
of unspoiled natural landscape.
The rich marine life in the deep waters of the South Atlantic is the key to the survival of many
species breeding in the Islands. Over half the Islands' breeding birds (over 60 species) are
largely dependent on the sea for food.
There are the five different species of breeding penguin in the Falkland Islands (Rockhopper,
Magellanic, Gentoo, King and Macaroni). The Islands are the most important world site for the
endangered Rockhopper Penguin and home to 80% of the world's breeding population of
Black-Browed Albatross, although most of the major colonies are remote and inaccessible.
Several rare and threatened species of Petrel nest on offshore islands.
The endemic Falkland Flightless Steamer Duck or ‘Logger Duck’ can be found in coastal areas
along with Kelp Geese and Crested Duck. Oystercatchers, Night Herons and three species of
Gulls feed along the shore. Terns, White-Rumped Sandpipers and Skuas are summer visitors.
In places where there are fresh water ponds, especially near the coast, the Upland Goose and
globally 'Near-threatened' Ruddy-Headed or ‘Brent’ Goose have contributed to the formation of
fine green grass by their continued cropping. Silver Teal, Chiloe Widgeon, White-tufted Grebe
and many other species frequent such areas too.
Inland, the most common species of bird are the Long Tailed Meadowlark or "Military Starling"
with its brilliant scarlet breast; the Finch; Pipit; Falkland Thrush; and the friendly Tussac Bird.
Predators are: Cassin's Falcon (part of the Peregrine family); Red-Backed Hawk; and Crested
Caracara. Offshore islands to the west and north are the breeding grounds of one of the world's
rarest birds of prey, the Striated Caracara or “Johnny Rook”, found only in the Falkland Islands
and some islands off Cape Horn.
The Elephant Seal, Sea Lion and Fur Seal all breed on the Islands. Occasionally, seals found
breeding in Antarctic waters occur on Falkland Island shorelines, most notably Leopard Seals
and Ross Seals. The largest breeding site of Elephant Seal is found on Sea Lion Island, home
to over 500 individuals. Porpoises and Dolphins are commonly seen around the coast.
Sightings and strandings of whales are also reported from time to time.
Falklands Conservation is a non-governmental charity which acts for the conservation and
preservation of wildlife and habitat around the Falklands. They conduct many research projects
on different aspects of the wildlife, produce literature and public information materials and work
towards habitat restoration and education.
Falklands Conservation (Falklands)                        For UK details please see page 32
Stanley                                                   Tel: +500 22247
Falkland Islands                                          Fax: +500 22288
FIQQ 1ZZ                                                  Web: www.falklandsconservation.com
                                                          Email: conservation@horizon.co.fk

                                                      - 28 -

                Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                      -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                      RECREATION / AMENITIES

There are a range of sporting activities and hobby clubs in the Islands. In Stanley the
numerous organisations include: Scouts; Cubs; Guides; Brownies; a branch of the British Red
Cross; a Youth Club; Badminton Club; and Amateur Dramatics to name but a few.
David Wilkie OBE officially opened the Islands’ first public swimming pool in February 1990.
The indoor heated pool is 25m in length and is open daily. Adjacent to the pool is an excellent
gymnasium, with basketball, badminton/short tennis and squash courts, all with viewing
facilities, as well as football, volleyball and indoor bowls. Out of doors there is football and a
growing cricket scene. Football is played regularly by Stanley teams against visiting military
and ships' crews.
Golf is a popular sport in the Falklands. The Stanley Golf Club has a healthy membership, who
play on a rudimentary 18-hole course. Other golf courses are scattered throughout Camp, most
notably at Goose Green, Port Howard and Fox Bay.
Angling is also a favoured pastime; mullet can be caught on most shores and trout fishing is
available in Camp. The trout-fishing season runs from 1st September to 30th April. The
Stanley Angling Club has exclusive rights to fish the Malo river.
Stanley Harbour provides a base for sailing, windsurfing, jet skiing and canoeing activities.
Full-bore target rifle shooting is organised by the Falkland Islands Defence Force (FIDF) Rifle
Association, which has a keen membership, and there is also a Pistol Club. Members of these
clubs have competed internationally with some success.
The Town Hall in Stanley houses a large hall with stage, dressing rooms and refreshment room
and is regularly used for functions.
The Falkland Islands Museum, at Britannia House, Ross Road West in Stanley, provides a
fascinating insight into the Islands' heritage.
The Islands are an excellent location for artists and photographers, who benefit from the clear
light, abundant wildlife and open scenery. Those wildlife areas around the Islands not within
the immediate vicinity of Stanley are well served by lodges or self-catering accommodation.
In Camp, fishing, golfing, walking, observing wildlife and riding are popular pastimes. Most
large settlements have a social club where activities such as video shows, dances and indoor
sports, such as darts and snooker, take place. Darts is a popular winter pastime and the
Stanley league has many teams competing, with a high standard of play.
During the summer (Nov-Feb) there are three major sports meetings: Christmas sports in
Stanley for horse racing; East & West sports at the end of the shearing season (last week in
February) which lasts about a week, with the programme usually comprising horse racing,
gymkhana, steer riding, shearing and sheep dog trials.



                                                      - 29 -

                Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                     -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                   RELIGION - Places of Worship

There are three places of worship in Stanley:

         Christ Church Cathedral (Anglican), consecrated in 1892,
               o    17 Ross Road, Stanley, Falkland Islands FIQQ 1ZZ
               o    Tel: +500 21100 Fax: +500 21842
         St Mary's Catholic Church, established in 1899
               o    12 Ross Road, Stanley, Falkland Islands FIQQ 1ZZ
               o    Tel: +500 21204          Fax: +500 22242 Email: stmarys@horizon.co.fk
         The Tabernacle (United Free Church), established in 1890

               o    Barrack Street , Stanley Falkland Islands FIQQ 1ZZ
               o    Tel: +500 21787


There are small communities of the following faiths:

         Baha'i Faith, C/o PO Box 50, Stanley, Falkland Islands FIQQ 1ZZ.
               o    Tel/Fax: +500 21393 Email: secretary@bahai.fk
         Jehovah's Witnesses, 9 Brandon Road, Stanley.

              o      Tel: +500 21267.


A number of other religions are also represented in the Islands.




                                                     - 30 -

               Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                    -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                       USEFUL ADDRESSES


Falkland Islands Government Office
Falkland House                                         Tel:         +44 (0) 20 7222 2542
14 Broadway                                            Fax:         +44 (0) 20 7222 2375
Westminster                                            Email:       reception@falklands.gov.fk
London SW1H 0BH                                        Web:         www.falklands.gov.fk

Overseas Territories Department
Foreign and Commonwealth Office                        Tel:         +44 (0) 20 7008 2569
King Charles Street                                    Email:       OTDEnquiries@fco.gov.uk
London SW1A 2AP                                        Web:         www.fco.gov.uk

Falkland Islands Tourist Board                         Tel:         +500 22215
Tourism Office                                         Fax:         +500 27020
Stanley                                                Email:       tourism@horizon.co.fk
Falkland Islands, FIQQ 1ZZ                             Web:         www.visitorfalklands.com

The Falkland Islands Company Limited                   Tel:         +44 (0) 1279 461630
Kenburgh Court,                                        Fax:         +44 (0) 1279 461631
131-137 South Street                                   Email:       admin@fihplc.com
Bishops Stortford                                      Web:         www.the-falkland-islands-co.com
Hertfordshire CM23 3HX                                              www.fihplc.com
and also at:-
Crozier Place                                          Tel:         +500 27600
Stanley                                                Fax:         +500 27603
Falkland Islands, FIQQ 1ZZ                             Email:       fic@horizon.co.fk

Falkland Islands Chamber of Commerce                   Tel:         +500 22264
West Hillside estate                                   Fax:         +500 22265
Stanley                                                Email:       commerce@horizon.co.fk
Falkland Islands, FIQQ 1ZZ                             Web:         www.falklandislandschamberofcommerce.com

Corona Worldwide(Women’s Corona Society) known locally as Falklands Women’s Association
A support group for expatriates, offering advice on living and working abroad
Southbank House                                        Tel/Fax        +44 020 7793 4020
Black Prince Road                                      Email:         corona@coronaworldwide.org
London SE1 7SJ                                         Web:           www.coronaworldwide.org



                                                    - 31 -

              Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                     -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                        USEFUL ADDRESSES

Travel Agents in the Falkland Islands

Inclusive costed itineraries including transfers, accommodation, transport and excursions may
be made via (in no particular order):

The Falkland Islands Company Ltd
Travel & Shipping Services
The West Store
Stanley                                                       Tel:     +500 27633
Falkland Islands                                              Fax:     +500 27626
FIQQ 1ZZ                                                      Email:   fic.travel@horizon.co.fk

International Tours & Travel Ltd
PO Box 408                                                    Tel:     + 500 22041
Stanley                                                       Fax:     + 500 22042
Falkland Islands                                              Email:   jf.itt@horizon.co.fk
FIQQ 1ZZ                                                      Web:     www.falklandislands.travel

Falkland Islands Holidays
PO Box 117                                                    Tel:     +500 22622
Stanley                                                       Fax:     +500 22623
Falkland Islands                                              Email:   info@falklandislandsholidays.com
FIQQ 1ZZ                                                      Web:     www.falklandislandsholidays.com

Sulivan Shipping Services Ltd
PO Box 159                                                    Tel:     +500 22626 / 22627
Stanley                                                       Fax:     +500 22625
Falkland Islands                                              Email:   sulivan@horizon.co.fk
FIQQ 1ZZ                                                      Web:     www.sulivanshipping.com




                                                     - 32 -

               Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                       -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                          USEFUL ADDRESSES

Falkland Islands Support Groups

Falkland Islands Association (FIA)
UK supporters group established in 1978
c/o Falkland Islands Government Office
Falkland House
14 Broadway
Westminster                                               Email:         honsecfia@msn.com
London SW1H 0BH                                           Web:           www.fiassociation.com

United Kingdom Falkland Islands Trust (UKFIT) (Registered Charity No. 282786)
A trust formed in 1981 dedicated to assisting with projects not normally funded by Government,
particularly in the areas of agriculture, forestry and rural development
c/o Falkland Islands Government Office                    Web:           www.ukfit.org.uk

The Shackleton Scholarship Fund
Operated under the auspices of the UKFIT to increase knowledge of the Islands in the UK by
promoting academic and cultural exchanges
c/o Falkland Islands Government Office                    Web:           www.shackletonfund.com

Falklands Conservation UK (Registered Charity No. 279347)
Charity set up in 1979 to monitor and protect the unique natural heritage of the Falkland Islands
14 East Hatley                                            Email:         info@falklandsconservation.com
Bedfordshire                                              Web:           www.falklandsconservation.com
SG19 3JA




        For more information, visit the Falkland Islands Government website at:

                               www.falklands.gov.fk



                                                       - 33 -

                 Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                    -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-

                                         Freight Forwarders

These Companies regularly send sea or air freight to the Falkland Islands and Ascension
Island.
Please note that if you are sending air freight the requirements of the MOD will always
take
precedent over civilian freight.

TYPE          Company            Address                     Contact details

Air & Sea     Richard            Worthy Road                 Contact:        Keith Jones
Freight       James              Chittening Estate           Phone:          +44 (0)1179 382 349
              International      Avonmouth                   Fax:            +44 (0)1179 822 959
              Ltd                Bristol BS11 0YB                            Keith@richard-james.co.uk



Export        Wilkinson &        Hawthorn House              Contact:        Mr Brian or Mrs Samantha
Procurem-     Gaviller Ltd       20 Hawkshead                Phone:          Parr
ent and                          St Southport                Fax:            +44 (0) 1704 534 343
Shipping                         Merseyside PR9              Email:          +44 (0) 1704 534 344
Agents                           9HF                                         sales@wilkinsonandgaviller
                                                                             .co.uk


Sea Freight   Falkland           Kenburgh Court,             Contact:        Ray Burke
&             Islands            131-137 South               Phone:          +44 (0) 1279 461 630
Consolida-    Holdings           Street                      Fax:            +44 (0) 1279 461 631
ted           (For Darwin        Bishops Stortford           Email:          ray.burke@fihplc.com
              Shipping,          Hertfordshire
              Falkland           CM23 3HX
              Islands
              Company –
              FIC)

Consolida-    Geodis             Unit 6,                     Contact:        Debbie Collier
ted Sea       Wilson UK          Waterloo Industrial         Phone:          +44 01489 797 711
Freight       Ltd (for           Estate,                     Direct:         Or +44 01489 779 960
              Stanley            Hedge End,                  Fax:            +44 01489 779 950
              Services)          Southampton                 Email:          debbie.collier@uk.geodiswi
                                 SO30 2QT                                    lson.com




                                                    - 34 -

              Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice
                                    -Introduction to the Falkland Islands-


Air Freight   Air-Wave           Units 6-8 Precision         Contact:        David Garrett
              Freight            Way
              Management         Alcester,                   Phone:          +44(0) 845 680 0688
              Ltd                Warwickshire                                (option 2)
                                 B49 6EP                     Fax:            +44(0) 1789 762000
                                                             Email:          +44(0) 0845680 0689
                                                                             david.garrett@air-
                                                                             wave.co.uk


Air Freight   DHL Global         Danzas House                Contact:        Rob Hart, Jamie Sheehan
              Forwarding         Kestrel Way                                 Laura Martin
              -this is also      Dawley Park                 Phone:          +44 (0) 208 754 5321
              the company        Hayes                                       +44 (0) 208 754 5250
              that the           Middlesex                   Email:          dscom@dhl.com
              MOD has
              hired to pack
              all of the air
              freight for
              their aircrafts

Sea Freight   DHL                Global Forwarding           Contact:        Heather Suliemani
                                 Room Building 36,           Phone:          +44 (0)2380 663 455
                                 First floor                 Fax:            +44 (0)2380 666 021
                                 Sea Mounting                Email:          heather.suliemani@dhl.co
                                 Centre                                      m
                                 (Marchwood
                                 Military Port)
                                 Marchwood,
                                 Hampshire SO40
                                 4ZG




                                                    - 35 -

              Information is correct as of February 2012 but is subject to change without notice

								
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