UNICEF Southern Sudan Area Programme
Terms of Reference for a Consultancy on
Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on Child Marriage in 3 States
of Southern Sudan: Central Equatoria, Unity & Upper Nile
Title Child Protection Consultant: Knowledge, Attitudes and
Practices on child marriage in 3 States of Southern Sudan:
Unity, Upper Nile and Central Equatoria
Purpose To conduct Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (KAP) study on
child marriage in 3 most affected states in Southern Sudan; the
information generated and recommendations will be used to
develop a plan of action that will include a communication for
Expected Fee L3
Location Juba with field visits to Central Equatoria, Unity & Upper Nile
Duration 12 Weeks
Start Date 1 August 2009
Reporting to Child Protection Specialist, Southern Sudan Area Programme
Despite the ratification of international resolutions and the recent adoption of a Child Act, child
marriage remains a widespread cultural and traditional practice in many of the different ethnic groups
in Southern Sudan and affects thousands of mainly girl children.
The 2006 Sudan Household Survey provides an insight into the magnitude of the problem. For
example, the survey findings reveal that throughout Southern Sudan 57.25% of women between 15-
19 years of age are married or in union, 41% of women are married before the age of 18 and 17%
before the age of 15 (SHHS, 2006).
The 2009-2012 Child Protection Program developed between UNICEF and the Government of
Southern Sudan, and the subsequent 2009 Annual Work Plan (AWP) provides amongst other
planned activities, to undertake a Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Study within 3 States with high
rate of child marriage. These States are Unity: 24.1% of children married before 15 years of age, and
56.8% married before the age of 18; Upper Nile: 15.5% of children married before they reach 15
years of age and 49.2% before they reach 18 years; and Central Equatoria where, 16.1% of children
are married before they reach 15 years of age, and 32% before they reach 18.
The aims of the study include:
1. Researching norms, values, beliefs, attitudes and community practices with regard to child
2. Recommending the most effective ways of progressively eradicating child marriage within the
The scope of the study will entail a desk review, the preparation of research protocol, developing data
collection tools, pre-testing and translation of questionnaires, training of enumerators; data processing
(data entry, verification and analysis), report writing, facilitating a dissemination workshop and
finalizing the study report.
UNICEF is looking forward to recruiting a consultant who will undertake the KAP study on child
marriage in the 3 states. The study is expected to generate a good understanding on the knowledge,
attitudes and practices with regard to child marriage. The findings will support the development of an
evidence-based plan of action as well a communication strategy aiming at behavioral change.
1. Clarification on the purpose of the KAP study and develop a detailed work plan for the
Prior to the commencement of the study the consultant is expected to develop a detailed work plan
for the whole exercise. This plan will be shared with the line ministries both at GOSS and State level,
UNICEF Child Protection Program, and the Social Policy and Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation
2. Sampling and estimating the sample size
Child marriage is widespread in Southern Sudan; nevertheless, the focus of this KAP study will be
limited to Unity, Upper Nile and Central Equatoria.
The sample size of population will be determined by appropriate sampling techniques and the chosen
level of precision agreed by UNICEF and the consultant.
3. Data Collection and analysis
The focus of information collection will be on norms, values, beliefs and community practices in
relation to child marriage. The data for this study will be collected through desk review including of all
studies/researches in the field of child marriage focusing on Sudan and on other countries, and
neighboring countries in particular, administration of questionnaires, face to face interviews and focus
The consultant is expected to train the enumerators on data collection and data entry and a pre test of
research tools should be done prior to the data collection.
The consultant will ensure that all the enumerators follow the same interview protocol. All interviewers
should adopt the same approach in explaining the survey, phrasing of particular questions, and
recording the responses.
The consultant will recommend the most effective way of developing strategic interventions for
progressive and sustainable eradication of child marriage in the 3 States.
5. Quality Control
Throughout the course of the study, agreed upon mechanisms between the consultant and UNICEF
will be put in place for ensuring quality of work is maintained and that the end results are credible and
The KAP study survey will be conducted in a participatory manner that will enable key counterparts
from MGSWRA, MoLAC, MoSD, MOI-Police, MOI-Prison, the Judiciary, members of the Legislative
Assemblies both at GOSS and state level, NGOs, CBOs, FBOs, youth and women groups and
associations; in- school and out of school children, children victim of child marriage, social workers,
UNICEF staff, Child Protection Working Groups, Community elders and leaders including religious
leaders and Paramount Chiefs, within sample areas, to provide their input to the survey.
The research methodology will include:
a) Desk review of existing data and documents
b) Development, pre-test and administration of research tools including
c) Focused group discussions (FGDs)
d) Individual in-depth interviews
A workshop with all key stake holders will be organized to present and discuss the preliminary
A Validation workshop will be held.
Group consultative sessions will be held with the Chief of Programs, Communication Program PPME,
Education, Health & Nutrition, HIV/AIDS and Child Protection sections, to ensure participatory review
All the survey instruments will be reviewed and approved by SPPME.
The duration of the survey will be 3 months and starting date will be the date of signature of the
1. Inception Report: Outlining the tools, a detailed work plan and a draft questionnaire.
2. Preliminary Report: This will be shared in a workshop with all stakeholders to present preliminary
findings. Input collected from the workshop will be considered in the final report.
3. Final Report: This will outline the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices with regard to child marriage
in the 3 selected states in Southern Sudan. The report will clearly identify attitudes and practices,
including positive attitudes, practices and values, as well as best practices that need to be built on for
a strengthened protective environment of children from child marriage.
The final report will incorporate specific and achievable recommendations, including the most
appropriate content of a communication strategy and messages that can be developed by GOSS with
UNICEF’s support to address child marriage in Southern Sudan.
The final report will be presented in both hard and electronic copies.
Weekly reports on progress and final report at the end of the consultancy will be done to the Child
Protection, and SPPME Sections.
20% of the payment upon submission of inception report
40% of the payment upon submission of preliminary report
40% of the payment upon completion of the final report and it’s presentation in a workshop.
The timeline and frequency of the reporting required by the UNICEF on progress to date will be
agreed upon during the drafting of the agreement/contract with the supervisor.
Expected Background and Experience
A reputable consultant with documented experience in conducting Knowledge, Attitudes and
Practices (KAP) studies relating to Child Protection and/or, or behavioral change.
The consultant must be a holder of a Masters Degree in sociology, anthropology or related discipline.
She/He must have good analytical, negotiating, communication and advocacy skills.
Prior work experience in Southern Sudan would be an advantage.
The Consultant must be fluent in spoken and written English. Ability to communicate in Arabic is an
In addition, the Consultant must have excellent facilitation reporting and presentation skills, and must
be familiar with Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) in particular and all relevant
computer applications in general.
It is expected that the work will last 12 weeks from signing of contract to the production of a final
report. The schedule for each phase is set out in the table below:
1. Development and finalization of Research Tools and submission of Week 1
2. Training of data collectors and organization of a consultative meeting with Week 2
3. Pre-testing of Research Tools Week 3
4. Field Work ( Desk Review, Administration of Questionnaires, Face to Face Week 4- Week 8
5. Analysis of findings, drafting of preliminary report and sharing with Child Week 9-10
Protection and SPPME Sections
6. Workshop with Stakeholders Week 11
7. Finalization and Presentation of the Final Report Week 12
General Conditions: Procedures and Logistics
The consultant is entitled to DSA inside Southern Sudan as per the rules and regulation
Working space and working tools (except computers) will be provided for the consultant to work
from UNICEF premises;
The consultant will have access to UNICEF transport for official purposes as per rules and
The assignment is for a period of 3 months, and the consultant shall be paid according to the days
worked per month on a pro-rata basis;
UNICEF will be responsible for the identification, recruitment and management of the
The consultant is not entitled to sick leave with pay, annual leave or over-time payment, including
weekends and during holidays;
Flight tickets both local (within Sudan) and international travel (most economical and direct route)
shall be paid for by UNICEF.
Policy both parties should be aware of:
Under the consultancy agreements, a month is defined as 21 working days, and fees are
prorated accordingly. Consultants are not paid for weekends or public holidays.
Consultants are not entitled to payment of overtime. All remuneration must be within the
No contract may commence unless the contract is signed by both UNICEF and the consultant
For international consultants outside the duty station, signed contracts must be sent by fax or
email. Signed contract copy or written agreement must be received by the office before
Travel Authorization is issued.
No consultant may travel without a signed Travel Authorization (TA) prior to the
commencement of the journey to the duty station.
Unless authorized, UNICEF will buy the tickets the consultant. In exceptional cases, the
consultant may be authorized to buy their travel tickets and shall be reimbursed at the “most
economical and direct route” but this must be agreed to beforehand.
Consultants will not have supervisory responsibilities or authority on UNICEF budget.
Consultant will be required to sign the Health statement for consultants/Individual contractor
prior to taking up the assignment, and to document that they have appropriate health
insurance, including Medical Evacuation.
The Form 'Designation, change or revocation of beneficiary' must be completed by the
consultant upon arrival, at the HR Section.
**** Please consult with HR on entitlements as many are set by UNICEF rules.