*Acmena smithii � Lillypilly (Myrtaceae) by 3K50Av1m


									                               Rainforest Species of La Perouse
                Botany Bay National Park 15 December 2007: Walk lead by Dean
                                 Rainforest and Allied Species
                                    Blechnum cartilagineum – Gristle      Ceratopetalum gummiferum
                                    Fern (Blechnaceae)
*Acmena smithii – Lillypilly

(Myrtaceae)                         Blechnum indicum – Swamp Water
                                                                          *Cissus Antarctica – Kangaroo
                                    Fern (Blechnaceae) Once plentiful
Adiantum aethiopicum-Common         around Botany Bay and an
Maidenhair (Adiantaceae) the        important food for Aborigines but
genus and family name from the      now uncommon. The starchy
Greek meaning “not to wet”. Pliny   rhizome was roasted.
wrote that when you place
Adiantum in water it remains dry.   *Breynia oblongifolia
Named by Linnaeus


                                                                          *Cissus hypoglauca

                                    Calochlaena dubia – False Bracken
**Angophora costata(Myrtaceae)      (Dicksoniaceae)
                                                                          Commelina cyanea
                                                                          A creeping leafy herb – similar to
                                                                          weed wandering jew – but with blue

                                    Ceratopetalum apetalum -
Asplenium difforme (Aspleniaceae)   Coachwood (Cunoniaceae)
A rare species in Sydney only       10-25m high with smooth mottled       flowers.
recorded from La Perouse.           bark with multicoloured lichen
                                    patches. Flowers small and white      Cyathea australis – Rough Treefern
                                    lacking petals(hence the species
                                    name). Flowers November.
                                    Important timber for coahes and
                                    buggies hence the common name.
                                    In WWWII provided the butts for all
**Banksia integrifolia              rifles made in Australia.


                                                                          Elaeocarpus reticulatus
*Endiandra sieberi (Lauraceae)         *Geitonoplesium cymosum –             *Glycine clandestina
Flowers small whitish and fruit
shiny deep blue/purple. The genus
name is Greek for ‘inner anthers’.

                                       Scrambling Lily

                                                                             Histiopteris incisa – Batswing Fern
                                                                             (Dennstaedtiaceae) A fern with soft
**Eucalyptus botryoides                                                      pale green fonds 1-2m long.

                                       Gleichenia dicarpa – Pouched
                                       Coral Fern (Gleicheniaceae)

                                                                             Hypolepis Muelleri – Harsh Ground
**Eucalyptus tereticornis                                                    Fern (Dennstaedtiaceae)

                                       Gleichenia microphylla – Coral Fern

                                                                             Lindsaea linearis – Screw Fern
*Eustrephus latifolius

                                       Gleichenia rupestris – Coral Fern

*Ficus rubiginosa (Moraceae)
distinguished from other fig species
by rusty leaf undersides(hence the
species name) and absence of           *Glochidion ferdinandi
buttresses on the trunk. Begins life   (Euphorbiaceae)
as an epiphyte in crevicies on                                               *Lomandra longifolia
shandstone cliffs. Figs 12-20mm in                                           Macrozamia communis –
dia. and edibile.                                                            Burrawang (Zamiaceae) Red fleshy
                                                                             seeds rich in starch were a staple
                                                                             food for Aborigines. Crew from the
                                                                             Laperouse expedition were
                                                                             recorded as eating without noting
                                                                             the appropriate protocols and were
                                                                             violently ill as a result.
                                                                             Melia azedarach – all parts of tree

                                                                             Melia = Gk for Manna Ash
                                                                             *Notelaea longifolia – Mock Olive
                                                                             (Oleaceae) 2-3m, survives fires
because of stout deep lignotuber.      species name means sweet-leaved        Sydney Basin and South East
                                                                              Corner bioregions – endangered
                                                                              ecological community listing
                                                                              **identified as Emergent species in
                                                                              Littoral rainforest
                                                                              Several species have compound
                                                                              leaves, and vines may be a major
*Pittosporum undulatum – Sweet         in Greek.                              component of the canopy. These
Pittosporum/Native Daphne/Mock                                                features differentiate littoral
Orange (Pittosporaceae) Collected      Solanum aviculare (Solanaceae)         rainforest from sclerophyll forest or
by Banks/Solander. Seeds ground                                               scrub, but while the canopy is
as food by Aborigines in Sydney                                               dominated by rainforest species,
region. Flowers white with very                                               scattered emergent individuals of
sweet fragrance. Species name                                                 sclerophyll species, such as
refers to the leaf margins which are                                          Angophora costata, Banksia
wavy. Genus name refers to the                                                integrifolia, Eucalyptus botryoides
sticky coating on the seeds.                                                  and E. tereticornis occur in many
                                       Syzygium australe (Myrtaceae)          stands…..Littoral rainforest occurs
                                                                              on both sand dunes and on soils
                                                                              derived from underlying rocks
                                                                              (McKinley et al. 1999). Stands on
                                                                              headlands exposed to strong wind
                                                                              action may take the form of dense
                                                                              windpruned thickets (for example
Pteridium esculentum – Bracken                                                the Bunga Head Rainforest
                                       Syzygium oleosum(Myrtaceae)
(Dennstaedtiaceae)                                                            illustrated by Keith & Bedward 1999,
                                                                              or MU5 Littoral Windshear Thicket
                                                                              in NPWS 2002). In more sheltered
                                                                              sites, and in hind dunes, the
                                                                              community is generally taller,
                                                                              although still with wind pruning on
                                                                              the windward side of stands.
                                       *Synoum glandulosum – Scentless        Floristically there is a high degree
*Rapanea variabilis – Mutton Wood      Rosewood (Meliaceae) The genus         of similarity between stands on
(Myrsinaceae) 2-3m, flowers Spring.    first decribed by Antoine Jussieu      different substrates. Most stands of
                                       French botanist who was the first to   Littoral Rainforest occur within 2 km
                                       classify plants on a number of         of the sea, but may occasionally be
                                       characteristics(an improvement on      found further inland, but within
                                       Linnaeus). It was Condorcet,           reach of maritime influence.
                                       Buffon and Jussieu who decided
Rapanea howittiana – Mutton            which scientists would go along on     REFERENCES:
Wood (Myrsinaceae)                     the Laperouse expedition.              Adam, P. Littoral rainforest in the
                                       Napoleon applied to be a junior        NSW North Coast, Sydney Basin
                                       astronomer and was knocked back.       and South East Corner bioregions –
                                       Flowers creamy white, petals tinged    endangered ecological community
                                       with pink; fruits red capsules 3       listing, NSW Scientific Committee –
                                       lobed. The species name refers to      final determination. DECC website.
                                       the domatia – having glands.           Robinson, L.(1994) Field Guide to
                                                                              the Native Plants of Sydney,
                                                                              Kangaroo Press, Kenthurst.
*Smilax glyciphylla – Native
Sarsaparilla (Smilacaceae) This
                                                                              In view of the above the Scientific
was the most famous bush tea of
                                                                              Committee is of the opinion that
early colonial times. William Woolls
                                                                              Littoral Rainforest in the NSW North
wrote”Excellent sarsaparilla may be
                                                                              Coast, Sydney Basin and South
obtained from it, and a few years
                                                                              East Corner Bioregions is likely to
since it was an article of export      *Viola hederacea
                                                                              become extinct in nature in New
from this colony.” Fruits bunces of
                                                                              South Wales unless the
black glossy berries in winter. The
                                                                              circumstances and factors
                                                                              threatening its survival or
                                                                              evolutionary development cease to
                                       *Species identified in the Littoral
                                       rainforest in the NSW North Coast,
Associate Professor Paul Adam
Scientific Committee

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