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Resources: Books that Teach Service-Learning Values By Wayne Bock Service-Learning Coordinator Southeast Region ISSUE: Child Soldiers Children Soldiers Ishmael Beah has written a memoir about his years as a A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier child soldier in Sierra Leone. Orphaned by the civil war there, he was carrying an AK- 47 by the age of 12. Pumped up by drugs, he was forced to kill or be killed. When he was 15, UNICEF took Beah to a rehabilitation center. He was eventually adopted by an American woman and brought to the United States, where he attended high school and graduated from Oberlin College. Other Resources • Child Soldiers by Leora Kahn • Soldier's Heart : Being the Story of the Enlistment and Due Service of the Boy Charley Goddard in the First Minnesota Volunteers by Gary Paulsen • Child Soldiers in Africa by Alcinda Honwana • Children at War by P. W. Singer • http://www.amnesty.org/en/chi ldren • http://www.child- soldiers.org/home ISSUE: Refugees from War Brothers in Hope: The Story of the Lost Boys of Sudan Brothers in Hope is the true story of young Garang , who was about eight years old when his Sudanese village was brutally attacked and his family torn apart. Out in the fields tending livestock when the attack occurred, he escaped the initial assault. Soon he discovered that many other boys were in the same situation. The boys banded together and began walking. Garang and about 30,000 other boys walked from Sudan to Ethiopia, then on to Kenya, a trip of almost 1,000 miles. In his own words, he describes his journey and how he and the other Lost Boys became a family to each other, taking care of one another and supporting one another through unbelievable circumstances. Told in a simple and straightforward manner, and accompanied by illustrations that are at once unpretentious and sympathetic, Brothers in Hope is a stirring journey of faith, perseverance, and hope. They Poured Fire On Us From the Sky Raised by Sudan's Dinka tribe, the Deng brothers and their cousin Benjamin were all under the age of seven when they left their homes after terrifying attacks on their villages during the Sudanese civil war. In 2001, the three were relocated to the U.S. from Kenya's Kakuma refugee camp as part of an international refugee relief program. Arriving in this country, they immediately began to fill composition books with the memoirs of chaos and culture shock collected here. Well written, often poetic essays by Benson, Alepho and Benjamin, who are now San Diego residents in their mid-20s, are arranged in alternating chapters and recall their childhood experiences, their treacherous trek and their education in the camp ("People were learning under trees"). Other pieces remember the rampant disease and famine among refugees, and the tremendous hardship of day-to-day living ("Refugee life was like being devoured by wild animals"). Other Resources • Infidel by Ayaan Hirsi Ali • The Devil Came on Horseback: Bearing Witness to the Genocide in Darfur by Brian Steidle, Gretchen Steidle Wallace, • http://www.refugeesintern ational.org/ ISSUE: Racial Prejudice Ruby Bridges Through My Eyes How would you have felt if you had been the first black child to ever set foot in an all white school? In this poignant story, we are allowed to see through the eyes of six- year-old Ruby Bridges who, escorted by federal marshals through mobs of screaming segregationists, became the first black child to enter a white school. Other Resources • Kaffir Boy : The True Story of a Black Youth's Coming of Age in Apartheid South Africa by Mark Mathabane • http://www.understanding prejudice.org/ • http://remember.org/guid e/History.root.stereotypes.h tml ISSUE: Genocide Yellow Star /Number the Stars The Yellow Star FOR CENTURIES, the Star of David was a symbol of Jewish pride. But during World War II, Nazis used the star to segregate and terrorize the Jewish people. Except in Denmark. When Nazi soldiers occupied his country, King Christian X of Denmark committed himself to keeping all Danes safe from harm. The bravery of the Danes and their king during that dangerous time has inspired many legends. The most enduring is the legend of the yellow star, which symbolizes the loyalty and fearless spirit of the king and his people. Milkweed Milkweed opens in 1939 and tells the story of a homeless, nameless boy—a “nobody” until he takes up with other street kids and embraces the identity of a gypsy—Misha Pilsudski. Misha is fascinated by the Jackboots, and spends his days stealing food for himself and the orphans. When he meets Janina Milgrom, a Jewish girl, and follows her family to the Jewish ghetto, he loses his fascination with the Nazi soldiers. He slips in and out of the cracks of the walled ghetto, getting food for the Milgroms. For the first time in his life he has a family until resettlement and deportation snatch them away. This good- hearted boy is once again a “nobody” and eventually makes his way to America, carrying only the memories of his adopted family with him. Other Resources • Stalin • The Forsaken : The American Emigration to Soviet Russia by Timotheos Tzouliadis, • Pol Pot • Children of Cambodia's Killing Fields : Memoirs by Survivors by Dith Pran • North Korea This is Paradise! by Hyok Kang • Not on Our Watch : A Mission to End Genocide in Darfur and Beyond by Don Cheadle, John Prendergast ISSUE: Immigration The Immigrants/Harvest Harvest George Ancona Grades 4-6--This photo-documentary focuses on the lives and work of Mexican migrant workers as they pick various crops on the West coast. The narrative switches back and forth from the personal stories of the campesinos to information on the actual harvesting, at times abruptly. Readers learn of the workers' difficult lives and how, despite backbreaking labor and poor conditions, they take pride in what they do and struggle to help their families get ahead. Interspersed are first-person accounts by the workers. The volume concludes with two pages on the life and work of Ceasar Chevez. The full-color photographs are generally of high quality; some will make a lasting impression on readers. Other Resources • Ashes of Roses Mary Jane Auch • Keeping Quilt by Patricia Polacco, • Red Midnight Ben Mikaelsen ISSUE: Slavery Dream Freedom Sonia Levitin DREAM FREEDOM is a story inspired by actual events. It focuses on the very serious issue of human slavery as it exists in modern-day Africa. The book offers viewpoints from both sides, weaving back and forth between stories of enslaved Dinkas in the Sudan and the reactions of American children who learn of the Africans' plight and are determined to help them. Enslaved: True Stories of Modern Day Slavery Today, millions of people are being held in slavery around the world. From poverty-stricken countries to affluent American suburbs, slaves toil as sweatshop workers, sex slaves, migrant workers, and domestic servants. With exposes by seven former slaves--as well as one slaveholder--from Southeast Asia, Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and the United States, this groundbreaking collection of harrowing first-hand accounts reveals how slavery continues to thrive in the twenty-first century. From the memoirs of Micheline, a Haitian girl coerced into domestic work in Connecticut, to the confessions of Abdel Nasser, a Mauritanian master turned abolitionist, these stories heighten awareness of a global human rights crisis that can no longer be ignored. Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global Economy Slavery is illegal throughout the world, yet more than twenty-seven million people are still trapped in one of history's oldest social institutions. Kevin Bales's disturbing story of contemporary slavery reaches from Pakistan's brick kilns and Thailand's brothels to various multinational corporations. His investigations reveal how the tragic emergence of a "new slavery" is inextricably linked to the global economy. Other Resources • Elijah of Buxton by Christopher Paul Curtis • Henry's Freedom Box by Levine, • A Crime So Monstrous: Face-to-Face with Modern- Day Slavery by E. Benjamin Skinner ISSUE: Community Safety Anti-Bullying Wringer Palmer LaRue is not looking forward to the day he turns 10. His town has an annual Pigeon Day. When a boy turns 10 in this town, they become "wringers" and strangle the pigeons wounded during the annual pigeon shoot. He must either accept this task or find the courage to say no. His buddies soon discover Palmer is hiding a pet pigeon in his room. He finds friendship with Dorothy, the girl across the street. Palmer finds it is hard not to go along with the crowd. Give a Boy a Gun Todd Strasser Bang! Gunshots echo through the gym. Two heavily armed students hold their classmates hostage at a high school dance. Their motive: revenge for the bullying and taunting they’ve been forced to endure in school for years. A stunning work of fiction taken straight from today’s headlines, GIVE A BOY A GUN, is a stirring wake-up call to stop violence and teasing, and to explore the role of guns in the lives of teenagers. Mr. Lincoln’s Way "Mean Gene" is the bully of the school, the one who has been taught to hate anyone different from himself. But Gene has also been taught, by his grandfather, to identify and love birds. He knows everything about birds, from the types of trees they like to nest in to the kind of food they need to eat. Mr. Lincoln latches onto this talent and nurtures it, asking Gene to be in charge of figuring out what should go into the school's atrium. As Gene eventually blossoms, so do the ducks who live in the atrium--and as he helps herd the ducklings towards the pond, so is he led by Mr. Lincoln towards greater understanding and tolerance. Other Resources • http://www.redcross.org/ • http://www.dhs.gov (Homeland Security) • http://www.ready.gov/am erica/index.html (Emergency Supply kit information) ISSUE: Child Labor Counting on Grace Inspired by a Lewis Hine photo of a child at work in a Vermont cotton mill in the early twentieth century, Winthrop imagines the story of Grace, 12, torn from her one-room schoolhouse and forced to work long hours in the textile mill as a "doffer," turning cotton into thread, alongside her mother, in the spinning room. The child-labor story is gripping--the dangerous working conditions, the work of activists who sought to publicize the abuse--and although sometimes the research overwhelms the story, Grace's present- tense narrative makes the history heartbreaking. Grace is no sweet victim. Furious at having to leave school and distressed by her failure to satisfy her French Canadian immigrant family, she quarrels with her best friend and smart ex-classmate, who deliberately injures himself on the machines to get back in school. The fiction is framed by notes about Hine and a bibliography that will lead readers to such books as Russell Freedman's Kids at Work: Lewis Hine and the Crusade against Child Labor (1994) as well as to accounts of abuse today. • Child Labor • A girl working in the reconstruction effort carries a tile on her head in the city of Choluteca, Honduras. • An estimated 158 million children aged 5-14 are engaged in child labor - one in six children in the world. Millions of children are engaged in hazardous situations or conditions, such as working in mines, working with chemicals and pesticides in agriculture or working with dangerous machinery. They are everywhere but invisible, toiling as domestic servants in homes, laboring behind the walls of workshops, hidden from view in plantations. • In Sub-Saharan Africa around one in three children are engaged in child labor, representing 69 million children. • In South Asia, another 44 million are engaged in child labor. • Children living in the poorest households and in rural areas are most likely to be engaged in child labor. Those burdened with household chores are overwhelmingly girls. Millions of girls who work as domestic servants are especially vulnerable to exploitation and abuse. • Labor often interferes with children’s education. Ensuring that all children go to school and that their education is of good quality are keys to preventing child labor. Kids at Work/ Growing Up in Coal Country This is a fascinating history of the anthracite coal industry in Photobiography of early twentieth-century photographer and Pennsylvania from the point of view of child laborers. How schoolteacher Lewis Hine, using his own work as illustrations. boys grew from "breakers" (who sorted the coal), to "nippers" Hines's photographs of children at work were so devastating that (keepers of the underground gates), to "spraggers" (human they convinced the American people that Congress must pass child brakes for careening coal cars), to mule drivers, and finally to labor laws. full-fledged miners is worth the price of admission in itself. But Bartoletti's book goes way beyond this to describe the company towns, the labor disputes, and the ethnic animosity. She recreates a way of life. Wonderfully evocative black and white photos and selected excerpts from oral histories of survivors complete the picture. Online lessons on child labor at http://www.childlabor.org Child Labor in America Joyce Kasman Valenza and Carl Atkinson Children have always worked, often exploited and under less than healthy conditions. Industrialization, the Great Depression and the vast influx of poor immigrants in the 19th and 20th centuries, made it easy to justify the work of young children. To gain a true understanding of child labor, both as an historical and social issue, students should examine the worlds of real working children. This unit asks students to critically examine, respond to and report on photographs as historical evidence. Students will discover the work of reformer/photographer Lewis Hine, whose photographs give the issue of child labor a dramatic personal relevance and illustrate the impact of photojournalism in the course of American history. Overview | Procedure | Evaluation and Extension Objectives Students will: develop an understanding of the importance of historical inquiry; recognize the factors which contributed to the Industrial Revolution in the United States; evaluate primary source materials as artifacts for greater understanding of the past; function as historians by formulating their own questions from encounters with primary source documents and images; identify the problems confronted by people in the past, analyze how decisions for action were made and propose alternative solutions; understand that political, economic, and social history are connected; and recognize the impact of citizen action on public policy. Time Required 2 - 3 weeks, in 45 - 60 minute class periods, depending on activities selected. Recommended Grade Level Middle and high school Curriculum Fit U.S. history, industrial development, social issues, economics, literature, art Other Resources • http://www.unicef.org/prot ection/index_childlabour.h tml • http://www.dol.gov/dol/to pic/youthlabor/ • http://www.childlaborphot oproject.org/childlabor.ht ml#us • http://www.childlabor.org ISSUE: The Environment The Environment The Wartville Wizard This story takes place in the town of Wartville. Wartville citizens are illegally dumping their trash and litter: soda bottles under flowers, juice cans by mailboxes, and candy wrappers and papers on the road side. Every day the trash pile continues to grow. One man continues to clean the town litter, and one day, he realizes he has the power to get rid of all the litter forever. He magically sends each piece of litter back to the person who dropped it. The town has a meeting to decide how to handle the problem. Hoot Carl Hiaasen plunges readers right into the middle of an ecological mystery, made up of endangered miniature owls, the Mother Paula's All-American Pancake House scheduled to be built over their burrows, and the owls' unlikely allies--three middle school kids determined to beat the screwed-up adult system. The Great Kapok Tree This book is a plea for the rainforests of the earth. The green foliage of the equatorial jungle covers the pages and hides some of the creatures who become spokesmen for the forest. Two men approach a huge kapok tree and the larger man commands the smaller one to cut it down and then departs. Cutting a kapok tree of that size is no easy task and the man soon tires and falls asleep at the base of the tree. One by one the animals approach him and whisper reasons for letting the tree live into his ear as he sleeps. Wakening he sees the creatures, including a human child, clustered around him. They fall silent, letting his own senses do the communicating now, and he drops his ax and walks away. Owl Moon A girl and her father go owling on a moonlit winter night near the farm where they live. Bundled tight in wool clothes, they trudge through snow "whiter than the milk in a cereal bowl"; here and there, hidden in ink-blue shadows, a fox, raccoon, field mouse and deer watch them pass. An air of expectancy builds as Pa imitates the Great Horned Owl's call once without answer, then again. From out of the darkness "an echo/ came threading its way/ through the trees." Schoenherr's watercolor washes depict a New England few readers see: the bold stare of a nocturnal owl, a bird's-eye view of a farmhouse. Other Resources • The Lorax by Dr. Seuss • Missing 'Gator of Gumbo Limbo : An Ecological Mystery by Jean Craighead George, • http://mdc.mo.gov/ • http://www.epa.gov/ ISSUE: Hunger and Homelessness Darfur Stove Project • what is a darfur stove? • Imagine having to knowingly put yourself at grave risk just to feed your family. Imagine the fear of being hours from safety with no hope of protection. Imagine having to rely on food rations to live — and being forced to sell some of them to buy wood just to avoid the risk of rape. No one should have to image this yet it is reality for thousands of women every day in Darfur. • Now imagine there is a solution. And imagine you can be part of it. • the solution: the berkeley-darfur stove® • • The Berkeley Darfur Stove® is four time more efficient than traditional 3-stones fires and two times more efficient than clay stoves. The efficiency and design of the stove has many benefits including: • less time outside of the camps collecting fuel wood, reducing the risk of exposure to rape. • fully enclosed flames reducing the danger of the dense straw and stick shelters from burning down. • reduction of smoke production compared to other stoves, reducing smoke inhalation and lung disease. • saving time by cutting down fuel wood treks, allowing women to pursue income generating opportunities. The Devil Came on Horseback: Bearing Witness to the Genocide in Darfur by Brian Steidle Not on Our Watch: The Mission to End Genocide in Darfur and Beyond by Don Cheadle Darfur Diaries: Stories of Survival by Jen Marlowe Under the Overpass As a college student in Santa Barbara, Yankoski was comfortable with his life. However, listening to a Sunday sermon one morning, he began to wonder whether his faith would remain as strong if his privileged upbringing and typical college existence were taken away. So began his decision to put his faith to the test. After discussing his plans with his family and various advisors, he and a friend took a leave of absence from their studies and their middle-class lives to enter the world of the homeless. They spent five months in 2003 on the streets of Denver; Phoenix; Washington, DC; and other cities. Playing their guitars and panhandling, they relied entirely on charity. The harshness, hunger, dangers, and indignities they faced are reported in detail. They formed friendships with other homeless people and watched many of them struggle with alcoholism and drug addiction. Yankoski steers clear of preachy or patronizing tones, and his dry sense of humor makes the book thoroughly readable. Teens will appreciate the frankness with which he approaches the day-to-day challenges and his personal struggles Just Juice Karen Hesse Nine-year-old Juice Faulstich, the middle child of five sisters, plays a pivotal role in her family. She takes care of her younger sisters, watches over her pregnant, diabetic mother, and helps her depressed father in his metal workshop. Though plucky and resourceful at home, Juice has had a hard time at school: She's been kept back in third grade because she can't read. Feeling that she'll never catch up and that she's really needed at home, she is often truant. Money is tight for the Faulstich family. Juice's dad has been laid off from his job in the mines and most family meals consist of jelly sandwiches. Worse yet, her dad, secretly illiterate, has just received a letter warning him that they will lose their house if he can't raise the money for back taxes. Other Resources • http://www.nationalhomeless.org (some activities) • http://www.endhomelessness.org/ • http://www.hud.gov/ • A Shelter in Our Car (Hardcover) by Monica Gunning • Uncle Wille and the Soup Kitchen by Dyanne Disalvo-Ryan • http://www.feedthechildren.org/ Officer Buckles and Gloria How would you use this book? • Community Safety • Animals in Danger (Animal Welfare) • Friendship Peggy Rathmann’s Web Site of Resources for the book Bill and Pete Bill and Pete is an imaginative, somewhat quirky tale of two true friends. This book describes friendship in how it should be, that no matter how different two people are, sometimes the opposites make the best friends. The idea that a crocodile (Bill) and his toothbrush (Pete), became best friends is a little bit odd, but it exercises the imaginations of the children reading it. The illustrations, though simple, get the point across perfectly. ISSUE: Literacy Thank You Mr. Falker Thank You Mr. Falker, The Story (from Patricia Polacco) THIS STORY IS TRULY AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL. IT IS ABOUT MY OWN STRUGGLE WITH NOT BEING ABLE TO READ. THIS STORY HONORS THE TEACHER THAT TOOK TIME TO SEE A CHILD THAT WAS DROWNING AND NEEDED HELP. I AM A DYSLEXIC, DISNUMERIC AND DISGRAPHIC. CAN YOU IMAGINE WHAT IT WAS LIKE TO TRY AND LEARN ALONG WITH OTHER STUDENTS WHEN I NEEDED SPECIALIZED HELP...HELP THAT WASN'T AVAILABLE IN THOSE DAYS. I REMEMBER FEELING DUMB, THAT TERRIBLE FEELING ABOUT MYSELF WAS COMPOUNDED BY BEING TEASED BY A BULLY. THAT BOY CHANGED MY LIFE AND MADE ME FEEL SO UNSAFE AND SO SAD THAT I DIDN'T WANT TO GO TO SCHOOL ANYMORE. MR. FALKER, MY HERO, MY TEACHER, NOT ONLY STOPPED THIS BOY FROM TEASING ME, BUT HE ALSO NOTICED THAT I WASN'T READING WELL AND GOT A READING SPECIALIST TO HELP TO THIS DAY, I REMEMBER THE FIRST DAY THAT WORDS ON A PAGE HAD MEANING TO ME...MR. FALKER HAD REACHED INTO THE MOST LONELY DARKNESS AND PULLED ME INTO BRIGHT SUNLIGHT AND SAT ME ON A SHOOTING STAR. I SHALL NEVER FORGET HIM...SO THIS BOOK WAS WRITTEN BOTH TO HONOR MR. FALKER, BUT ALSO TO WARN YOUNG PEOPLE THAT MEAN WORDS HAVE A TERRIBLE POWER...AND THAT THEY SHOULD DO ALL THAT THEY CAN TO SEE THAT TEASING STOPS AT THEIR SCHOOL. THANK YOU, MR. FALKER, Fahrenheit 451 Guy Montag is a fireman who lives in a society in which books are illegal. His job is not to extinguish fires, but to light them. He burns books, and all the firemen wear the number "451" on their uniforms because that is the temperature at which books burn. But the role reversal of the firemen is not the only difference between present-day society and the world in which Montag lives. People of Montag's world take no interest in politics or world issues. The only point of life is pleasure. Montag's wife, Mildred, spends her time watching the televisions that take up three of the four walls in their parlor, or listening to the seashell radios that fit snugly in the ear. It isn't until Montag meets a young girl named Clarisse that he realizes that there might be more to life than the electronic entertainment that absorbs everyone. Clarisse makes him think about the world beyond the wall television and seashell radios; she makes him wonder about life. Pink and Say highlights the brief but intimate Pink and Say friendship of two young boys, Pinkus Aylee (Pink) and Sheldon Curtis (Say), during the Civil War. When wounded attempting to escape his unit, Say is rescued by Pink, who carries him back to his Georgia home where he and his family were slaves. While the frightened soldier is nursed back to health under the care of Pink’s mother, Moe Moe Bay, he begins to understand why his new found friend is so adamant on returning to the war; to fight against "the sickness" that is slavery. However it isn’t until marauders take Moe Moe Bay’s life, that Say is driven to fight. Although ultimately, both boys are taken prisoners of the Confederate Army, fortunately Say survives and was unable to pass along the story of Pink and Say to his daughter Rosa, Patricia Polacco’s great grandmother. As it was told, Pink was hanged just shortly after being taken prisoner, therefore Patricia’s book "serves as a written memory" of him. Richard Wright and the Library Card How far would you go in order to get your hands on books? ISSUE: Special Needs and Disabilities The Acorn People Even though he knows the camp is for disabled children, Ron Jones anticipates sunny days of hiking, swimming, and boating as a counselor at Camp Wiggin. But he arrives and realizes how severely disabled the children are, it seems too much to bear. Until he meets his campers—The Acorn People. A group of kids who teach him that, inside, they are are the same as any average kid, and with encouragement, determination, and friendship, nothing is impossible. Vernon has his hands full, between trying to bring Crazy Lady! his grades up enough to pass seventh grade and helping his large family make ends meet now that his mother has died. He and his friends pass the time on the streets of his destitute Baltimore neighborhood by making fun of a local rowdy alcoholic, Maxine, and her retarded son, Ronald. Then a dispute in the supermarket brings Maxine and Vernon together. When Maxine helps Vernon find a tutor for school, Vernon feels he must repay her by helping her out around the house and with Ronald. Soon Vernon has come to care deeply about the crazy lady and her son, helping Ronald participate in the Special Olympics, and visiting Maxine in jail so she can sign her welfare checks. Vernon sees that behind the alcohol, Maxine is an intelligent, capable, and caring mother. However, Maxine’s alcoholism is spinning out of control, and despite his efforts to find a way to keep the family together, Vernon finds himself in a situation that is too much for him. By the end of the book Vernon has gained the respect of his own family and realizes how important their support and love for him have been. Loser Jerry Spinelli Loser tells the story of Zinkoff, a lovable "loser" who is neither smart enough to recognize when his exuberant behavior is inappropriate, nor competitive or worldly enough to care. Despite the teasing of his peers, Zinkoff's main goals are to have fun, explore his surroundings, and see the best in others. This is what makes Loser such a wonderful read: it celebrates the child in all of us, while at the same time it points out the problems inherent in growing up. Fortunately, Zinkoff is not alone in making his journey: his sister Polly, his 1st and 4th grade teachers, and a heroic snowplow driver all support him. His mother and father do too, which is important because there are plenty of bullies unable to appreciate what Zinkoff has to offer. Fans of Spinelli's work will enjoy this vivid and poignant, though not especially dramatic, coming-of-age tale. Freak the Mighty Outcasts Maxwell and Kevin, the former a giant of a boy who lacks intelligence and the latter a genius in leg braces, team up for a series of imaginative adventures that bring them undreamed-of discoveries. Other Resources • Melissa Parkington’s Beautiful, Beautiful Hair Pat Brisson Issue: Intergenerational • When I Am Old with You by Angela Johnson, • Pictures of Hollis Woods by Patricia Reilly Giff • Reminisce (Write your own book of memories) • I Know a Lady by Charlotte Zolotow, The Patchwork Quilt • Grandma has an idea. When she was a little girl her own mother made her a beautiful patchwork quilt. Now Tanya, her granddaughter, is showing some interest in Grandma's quilting. Therefore, she's going to make a quilt of her own. A "masterpiece" is what it's going to be. So when any family member has a special outfit made or has to get rid of a beloved set of pants, Grandma's always there, handy with the scissors. Slowly everyone in the family gets his or herself added to the quilt, until one day Grandma gets sick. There her quilt sits on the back of her old chair, gathering dust. Fortunately, Tanya knows she can take charge. Her mother agrees to do the sewing and Tanya cuts fabric. Even her brothers get in on the act. Soon enough Grandma is well again, the quilt is finished, and everyone is now a part of it. Issue: Gardening The Victory Garden How can kids serve their country? Learn about gardening and give adults something to think about other than family members fighting a war? Other Resources • http://www.revivevictorygarden.org/ During World War I and World War II, the United States government asked its citizens to plant gardens in order to support the war effort. Millions of people planted gardens. In 1943, Americans planted over 20 million Victory Gardens, and the harvest accounted for nearly a third of all the vegetables consumed in the country that year. Emphasis was placed on making gardening a family or community effort -- not a drudgery, but a pastime, and a national duty.
"Resources Books that Teach Service-Learning Values.ppt"