AP Chemistry Syllabus student by 78M5m2H


									                                  AP Chemistry Syllabus
                               North Oconee High School
                                      Mr. Armstrong
                          Email: tarmstrong@oconeeschools.org
                         Blog: blog.oconee.k12.ga.us/tarmstrong
                                     Phone #: 706-769-7760
                                         Room: 1-106

I.         Description
           AP Chemistry is a course designed to provide students with a learning experience
           equivalent to that of a one-year general chemistry college course. Students should
           complete a first year course in high school chemistry and a second-year algebra
           course before taking AP Chemistry. This course differs from first-year high school
           chemistry in the kind of textbook(s) used, the range and depth of topics covered, the
           emphasis on chemical calculations and the mathematical formulation of principles.
           The nature and variety of laboratory work done is extensive. A minimum of 30% of
           the course will be devoted to laboratory and hands-on/minds-on activities. The time
           and effort required of students is extensive. The course meets five days each week
           for two semesters. Class/lab periods are 90 minutes each. Additional after school
           study sessions are provided.

II.        Teaching Strategies
          Students are encouraged to work together in order to learn. The class is divided into
           collaborative pairs of students who will work as lab partners as well as partners in the
          Lectures are limited to allow more time for practice and laboratory experiments.
           Students outline chapters ahead of time, and I will discuss high points of each chapter
           as well as show examples of derivations, and present demonstrations that are relevant
           to the topic. In each chapter, the students are assigned questions for practice.
          Short quizzes or tests are given at the end of each chapter. The chapter quizzes are
           mostly multiple choice with “AP” free response questions that apply. Mini “AP”
           exams will be given over larger topics Structure of Matter, States of Matter,
           Reactions, Thermodynamics, Equilibrium, etc. and will consists of previous
           published free response questions.

III.       Assignments and Assessments
           Formal                    50%
           Informal                  20%
           Daily                     10%
           Labs                      20%
                                      = 100 %
          Formal assessments will be given at the end of a unit and will be in an AP Test format
           consisting of multiple choice and essay questions. The first semester final exam will
           count as a formal assessment and NO ONE WILL BE EXEMPT. Formal
           assessments will be announced ahead of time.
         Informal assessments will be given at the end of each chapter or throughout the units
          to assess understanding of that material before we move on to new material. Informal
          assessments will consist of both announced and unannounced quizzes.
         Labs will be given throughout the semester to further develop concepts and allow the
          students to visually see the topics we are discussing. Lab reports will be completed
          throughout the semester.
         Daily assignments will be given in the form of homework/classwork on a regular
          basis. The purpose of the work will be further practice and/or preparation for
          previous lessons. Students will be allowed to work on daily assignments in
          collaborative groups and are expected to have them completed on the assigned due
          date. We will go over any difficulties in class together.

IV.       Textbooks and Laboratory Manuals
         Main Text book used and distributed: Brown, LeMay, Bursten. Chemistry The
          Central Science 10th ed.
         Supplemental materials:
             Zubmdahl. Chemistry 6th ed.
             Whitten, Davis, Peck, Stanley. General Chemistry 7th ed.
             Brown, LeMay, Bursten. AP Test Prep Chemistry
             Flinn. Ultimate Equations Handbook.
         Main Laboratory Manual used: Science in Motion A P / Chemistry II Laboratory
         Laboratory Manual used: Lab Experiments for Advanced Placement Chemistry, 2nd
          Edition by Flinn Scientific
         Supplementary Lab Manuals used
             Brown, LeMay, Bursten. Chemistry The Central Science Lab Manual.
             Flinn Chem Topics Labs
         Annenberg Media. World of Chemistry Video Series.

V.        Evidence of curriculum requirements
      C1—Evidence of Curricular Requirement: Structure of Matter (Atomic Theory and
      Atomic Structure, Chemical Bonding, Nuclear Chemistry)
      C2---Evidence of Curricular Requirement: States of Matter (Gases, Liquids and Solids,
      C3---Evidence of Curricular Requirement: Reactions (Reaction Types, Stoichiometry,
      Equilibrium, Kinetics, Thermodynamics)
      C4---Evidence of Curricular Requirement: Descriptive Chemistry (Relationships in the
      Periodic Table)
      C5---Evidence of Curricular Requirement: Laboratory
      C6---Evidence of Curricular Requirement: Chemical Calculations (Emphasis in chemical
      calculations and mathematical formulation principles)
VI.      Course Outline

      Unit 1 –Chapter 1 & 2 (2 week)
             Matter, Uncertainty, and Calculations (C6)
          States of matter
          Dimensional analysis
          Significant Figures
          Temperature Scales
          SI units
             Atoms, Molecules, and Atoms (C1)
          Composition of atoms, ions, isotopes
          Size, mass, charge of subatomic particles
          Radioactivity and half-life
          Relationship of Periodic Table and charges and properties
          Empirical, Molecular, Structural formula, formulas
          Nomenclature

      Unit 2—Chapter 6 & 7 (3 weeks)
            Atoms—Electronic Structure (C1 & C4)
          Wave Nature of Light
          Quantized Energy ( E=hv)
          Models of the Atom (Bohr)
          Quantum Mechanics, Orbitals
          Electron Configuration and Periodic Table
            *Periodicity (C1 & C4)
          Development of the Periodic Table (Scientists)
          Trends in the Periodic Table
          Metals, Nonmetals, Metalloids
          Group Trends for Metals
            Group Trends for Non-Metals

      Unit 3— Chapter 3 (2 weeks)
            Stoichiometry, Chemical formulas and Equations (C3)
          Balance Equations, Predict Products
          Atomic weight, molecular weight, mole concept
          Mass and mole relationships

      Unit 4—Chapter 4 (2 weeks)
            Aqueous Reactions and Solutions Stoichiometry (C3)
          General Properties of aqueous solutions
          Precipitation reactions
          Acid-Base Reactions
          Neutralization Reactions and Salts
          Redox Reactions
          Concentration
          Solution Stoichiometry
Unit 5— Chapters 5 & 16 (2 weeks)
      Thermochemistry (C3)
     Nature of Energy
     1st law of Thermodynamics
     Enthalpy of Reactions and Formation
     Calorimetry
     Hess’s Law
      Chemical Thermodynamics (C3)
    Spontaneity, Entropy, 2nd Law
    Calculation of ΔS
    Gibbs Free Energy and Calculation

Unit 6— Chapters 8 & 9 (2 weeks)
      Chemical Bonding (C1)
    Ionic and Covalent Bonds
    Bond Polarity and Electronegativity
      Molecular Geometry and Bonding Theories (C1)
    Octet Rule
    VESPR
    Molecular Polarity
    Hybrid Orbitals
    Multiple bonds

Unit 7— Chapters 10 (2 weeks)
      Gases (C2)
    Characteristics of gases
    Pressure
    Gas Laws
    Ideal-Gas Equation
    Dalton’s Laws
    Kinetic Molecular Theory
    Effusion and Diffusion
    Deviations from Ideal Gas

Unit 8— Chapter 21 & 24 (2 week)
   Descriptive, Nuclear and Organic Chemistry (C4)
    Introduction to Organic Chemistry
    Hydrocarbons and functional groups
    Introduction to Nuclear Chemistry

Unit 9—Chapter 15 & 16 (2.5 weeks)
   Chemical Equilibrium (C3)
    Equilibrium and Equilibrium Constant, K
    Magnitude of K
    Kp and Kc
    Calculations and Applications of K
    Le Chatelier’s Principle
Unit 10—Chapter 16 &17 (3 weeks)
       Acid-Base Equilibra (C3)
    Acid-Base Theories
    Acid Strength
    Kw
    pH and pOH
    Weak Acids and Bases
    Calculations involving Ka and Kb
    Properties of Salt Solutions
    Common Ion Effect
    Buffers
    Titration Curves
    Ksp and Precipitation

Unit 11—Chapter 14 (2 weeks)
   Chemical Kinetics (C3)
    Rate of Reaction and its Measurement
    Concentration, Reaction Rate Law
    Temperature, Collision Theory, Activation Energy
    Reaction Mechanisms and Rate-Determining Steps
    Catalysis

Unit 12— Chapter 20 (2 weeks)
   Redox and Electrochemistry (C3)
    Identifying and Balancing Redox Reactions
    Voltaic Cells
    Standard reduction Potential
    Spontaneity of Redox Reactions
    Nernst Equation
    Faraday’s Laws and Stoichiometry

Unit 13—Chapter 11 &12 (2 weeks)
       Intermolecular Forces, Liquids and Solids (C2)
    Intermolecular forces
    Viscosity and Surface tensions
    Warming/Cooling Curves
    Phase Diagrams
    Bonding
   Properties of Solutions (C2)
    Solubility and Factors Affecting It
    Concentration
    Colligative Properties
    Colloids

Unit 14 (3-4 weeks)
   Review and Practice ---Writing net ionic equations, solubility rules, equilibrium
   problems, and take several practice AP Tests.
   VII. Laboratory experiments (C5)
Labs are a major part of the course (approximately 40%), averaging about 2 full periods of lab
work per week. The labs are hands on and will be completed in a separate fully stocked lab
room. The class will be divided into collaborative pairs for work in the classroom as well as lab
experiments, but each student will be required to complete an individual lab report for each lab
and keep a lab notebook. Lab reports include a formal description of the problem, hypothesis,
experimental design, observations/data, calculations, and conclusions.

   VIII.. Absences, Make-up Work, Late Work
      In accordance with school policy, a student who is absent from school should bring an
excuse signed by a parent or guardian or health care professional. Failure to document an
absence will result in an unexcused absence. Absences beyond five (5) parent excused absences
per semester, except those with a medical note, will be considered unexcused. Students with
unexcused absences may be referred to the school social worker for intervention.

      According to school policy, the time allotted for completion of missed assignments
during an absence is ONE day for each day absent. It is the student’s responsibility to ask for
missed assignments and to make arrangements to make-up tests after school. ZEROS ARE

       A student who is absent the day before a long-term project is due is still expected to turn
the project in on the scheduled day, and a student who is absent the day a long-term project is
due is expected to turn in the project on his return.

     Lab exercises missed during an absence typically cannot be rescheduled later in the week.
OTHER THAN YOUR TEXT. It is due one week after the missed lab.

       If school is officially closed due to bad weather on a scheduled test day, the test will be
given the day school reopens. Assignments due on a day when school is officially closed will
be due the day school re-opens.

YOU ARE ABSENT. You can see a classmate or me before or after class to pick up any and all
notes and work missed. You must come and see me within 1 day of returning to get any work
and to arrange when all work is due. You will have 1 day to make up the work for everyday you
are absent.

        All assignments will be given in advance with a due date. It is the students responsibility
to turn work in on time. Typically assignments turned in late will be accepted up to two days
with a lowered letter grade for each day late. However, there will be assignments that will be
graded and discussed in class and returned to students the day the assignments are due, and,
therefore, cannot be accepted late.
        Lab Safety
        Each student will be instructed in laboratory safety and reminded of rules and procedures.
Students can be seriously injured if safety procedures are not followed. Any student who does
not comply with safety regulations or conducts himself/herself inappropriately during lab may
receive a zero for that lab. Students may also receive a discipline referral to the administration
for inappropriate lab behavior.

   XI. Materials Needed for AP Chemistry
          Textbook – Chemistry, The Central Science. (74.20). The student is responsible
              for keeping the textbook in good condition, if it is damaged or lost the student
              must replace the book.
          Notebook – Preferably a 3-ring binder
          Paper & Pencil
          Calculator – A simple scientific calculator will do
          Agenda
          Lab Notebook- Separate notebook that contains all lab experiments and write-
          AP Chemistry Review Book- I highly recommend purchasing an AP Chemistry
              Review book. Princeton AP Chemistry Review Book, 5 steps to a 5, or
              something similar from a local book store. The review book is broken down into
              sections very much like our class. Each section will have sample multiple choice
              and free response questions similar to the tests in class and will provide an
              excellent review for the tests. New AP Review books can be purchased at Barnes
              and Noble, Borders, etc. or you may simply purchase an older review book off of
              amazon.com or something similar.

   X. Classroom Rules and Consequences
          Prompt- Be on time to class
          Prepared- Bring all materials to class everyday. (Notebook, Pen or Pencil,
          Positive- Come to class with a good attitude ready to learn.
          Polite- Respect others.
          Productive- Use your time wisely and work diligently.
          Meeting outside of class to discuss the problem.
          Detention after school.
          Letter or phone call to parents.
          Referral to office.
Code of Ethics

All work done in this class should be original. I want to see what you know. Cheating and
plagiarism will not be tolerated. It is your responsibility to do your own work and to not allow
others to copy your work. This includes tests, quizzes, labs, classwork, homework, and projects.
All parties involved in cheating will receive a discipline referral.

I have read this syllabus and agree to the rules set forth in it.

Parent Signature: _________________________________________

Student Signature: ________________________________________

Dear Parent: I hope to be able to contact you frequently throughout the semester about your
child’s progress- The best way to reach me throughout the school day is by the email address
listed at the top of the page. Feel free to call me or email me at any time about your child’s
progress in Chemistry.

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