PRACTICING WITH PHRASES WORKSHEET

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                         PRACTICING WITH PHRASES WORKSHEET

SECTION I: FINDING PREPOSITIONS PHRASES
Underline the preposition phrases in each sentence. There may be more than one.

1. Gustav Mahler’s Symphony No. 3 is the longest of all symphonies.

2. Claude Monet painted hundreds of pictures of the same water-lily garden.

3. Among the most easily recognized photographs are those of Ansel Adams.

4. Julia Margaret Cameron, a pioneering photographer of the 19 th century, developed new
   techniques in portrait photography.

5. During his career, Italian sculptor Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini worked for five popes.

SECTION II: IDENTIFY TYPES OF PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES
Underline the prepositional phrase in each sentence. Circle the word or words that it modifies.
Then, in the blank, write ADJ or ADV to identify what kind of prepositional phrase it is.

6. Early phonograph records of Enrico Caruso are valuable today.

7. Computer animation produces special effects for many films.

8. Frank Lloyd Wright turned against traditional architectural styles.

9. Sculptures can be created from clay, wood, stone, plaster, or metal.

10. Artist George O’Keefe began painting the sky and clouds after an airplane ride


SECTION III: REVISING WITH PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES
Revise each sentence below, adding one or more prepositional phrase to modify the words that
are italicized. In parentheses after every prepositional phrase, write ADJ for adjective phrase or
ADV for adverb phrase.
11. That building holds many studios.




12. The artist drew a sketch.




13. Artists perfect their skills.
SECTION IV: IDENTIFYING ESSENTIAL AND NONESSENTIAL APPOSITIVE PHRASES
Underline the appositive phrase in each sentence. Circle the noun it identifies. Add necessary
commas. On the line, identify each phrase as E for essential or NE if it is nonessential.
14. Swiss scientist Jacques Piccard is an oceanographic engineer.

15. His father Auguste Piccard designed the bathyscaphe.

16. In 1953, the two Piccards descended 10,300 feet under the Mediterranean
   Sea in the bathyscaphe Trieste.

17. The Great Barrier Reef a chain of coral reefs is located of the northeastern
   coast of Australia.

18. The coral is formed by polyps hardened skeletons of flowerlike water animals.

SECTION V: COMBINING WITH APPOSITIVE PHRASES
Combine each set of sentence into one sentence by using appositives phrases. Use commas as
necessary.

19. Jacques Cousteau developed his lifelong passion while an office with the French navy.
    Cousteau’s passion in life was underwater exploration.




20. Jacques Cousteau was a marine explorer, writer, and filmmaker. He produced The Silent World
    (1953) and World Without Sun (1966). These films were both winners of Academy Awards.




21. World Without Sun is about five men living in an underwater capsule. This movie is a film
    documentary.




SECTION VI: IDENTIFYING PARTICIPIAL PHRASES
In each sentence, find and underline the participial phrase that modifies the boldfaced noun or
pronoun. On the blank, write what kind of participial it is: PRESENT for present participle or PAST
for past participle.

22. Writing quickly, the students took the exam

23. The travelers saw a huge stone castle perched on the rocky cliff.

24. The boy performing a solo on the trumpet is my brother.

25. Swimming with his friend, Frances made it to the float.

26. Ed’s sailboat, damaged near the stern, was unusable.
SECTION VII: USING PARTICIPIAL PHRASES TO COMBINE SENTENCES
Use participial phrases to combine each set of sentences into one sentence.
27. The soccer players were exhausted from the game. They collapsed on the grass.


28. The Grand Canyon is located in Arizona. The Grand Canyon is a spectacular sight.


29. The library needed money for new books. The library sponsored a craft fair.


30. The hurricane swept up the coast. It destroyed everything in its path.




SECTION VIII: IDENTIFYING GERUNDS
In each sentence, underline every gerund phrase. Circle the gerund.

31. Speeding down mountain slopes thrills many skiers.

32. Cross-country style identifies hiking on skis over snow-covered ground.

33. Norwegian immigrants introduced skiing into the United States in the mid-1800s.

34. Almost every ski area in the United States has machines for making snow.

35. Ski areas also have ski lifts, devices for transporting skiers to the tops of slops.


SECTION IX: USING GERUNDS TO COMBINE SENTENCES
Use gerund phrases to combine each set of sentences into one sentence.
36. His goal became an obsession. He wanted to run a four-minute mile.




37. Frank likes many activities in shop class. He especially likes to work with the jigsaw.




38. Nancy received recognition from her fellow designers. The experience gave her more
    confidence.




39. Do you want to make an A on the test? You might want to review grammar rules.
SECTION X: IDENTIFYING INFINITIVE PHRASES
In each sentence, underline the infinitive phrase. Circle the infinitive.

40. The tourists asked the bus driver to go slower.

41. Their purpose for taking the tour was to see the countryside.

42. The earliest attempts to fly ended in embarrassment, if not injury.

43. Robert’s plan to compete in a triathlon surprised everyone.

44. In the spring, crabs begin to shed their shells.

45. Yes, we packed supplies – enough to last a full week.


SECTION XI: USING INFINITIVE PHRASES TO COMBINE SENTENCES
Combine each pair of sentences below, changing one of the sentences into an infinitive phrase.
Add, drop, or change words as needed.

46. The spy plane flies low. That way it avoids showing up on radar.




47. Ted will get up very early tomorrow. That is what he expects.




48. Anita found the right costume. She will wear it to the Halloween party.




49. The dog barked loudly. Its action frightened the intruder.




50. Ludwig lost an important ability. He could no longer hear his own music.




Need more grammar help? Check out these internet links on my school web page:

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/627/01/ (gerunds, participles and infinitives)

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/grammar/g_appos.html (appositives)

				
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