Blues - 1930s.ppt by ewghwehws

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									                              Blues
• Significance
   – 1930s culture/society
   – Enduring musical influence
• Definition?
   – 12 bar chord progression (1:22-1:52)
   – 1-4-5 pattern
   – 7ths, flat 5ths, flat 3rds
   – Blue notes
• Origins
   – Slave Hollers, Spirituals, Work Songs
   – Africa/Europe
   – “Blues” – Hart Wand “Dallas Blues” (1912)
       • Term - 18th century
   – 12 bar form by mid 1920s
   – Piano/Guitar/Harmonica/Banjo
• Blues Styles – 1930s
   – Classic/Urban, Piedmont, Delta, Memphis, Boogie Woogie,
     Jump, Big Band, Swing
   – Classic/Urban
      • Ma Rainey (b. 1886)
      • Bessie Smith (b. 1892/1894)
           – Alexander’s Ragtime Band (1927)
           – St. Louis Blues (1929)
      • Tampa Red (b. 1904), Leroy Carr (b. 1905)
   – Piedmont/Ragtime
      • Mississippi John Hurt (b. 1892?)
           – Here I am, Oh Lord, Send Me
           – Spike Driver Blues
      • Reverend Gary Davis (b. 1896)
           – Cincinnati Flow Rag
      • Elizabeth Cotton (b. 1895)
           – Freight Train
– Delta Blues
    • Map
   • Charley Patton (b. 1887/1891)
        – Pony Blues (1929)
        – Pony Blues (Alvin Youngblood Hart – Contemporary)
   • Son House (b. 1902?)
        – Death Letter (1930)
– Willie Brown (b.1900)
   • Future Blues (1930)
– Robert Johnson (b. 1911)
   • Cross Road Blues (1936)
   • Terraplane Blues (1937)
– Mississippi Blues Trail - Delta
• Cultural Context
   – Juke Joints
   – Discrimination/Lack of Opportunity
   – Harlem Renaissance
   – Recording Industry
   – Promoters
   – Major events/developments
       • From Spirituals to Swing (1938)
       • Electrification/Chicago (1940s-50s)
       • Folk Revival (1960s)
       • King of the Delta Blues Singers (1961)
       • British Invasion/Classic Rock
           – Rolling Stones
           – Eric Clapton
           – Jimi Hendrix
• Modern Blues
   – Stevie Ray Vaughan
   – Keb’ Mo
   – Kenny Wayne Shepherd

								
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