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					Blue Collar Jobs, White Collar Jobs

             … Green Collar Jobs?




             Jo Kahn,
             -

             Coordinator of Career Information Systems
             ODCTE
      On the covers of magazines,
    in newspapers, on the web and
  in the coffee shop, we are hearing
the words “green”, “green-collar jobs”
          or just “green jobs.”

• What are green jobs?
• Where do we find them?
• How much do they pay?
• What training is needed to get one?
       Today’s Job Market

Blue collar, White collar and Green collar?




                20%
                           Professional
                           Unskilled
        68%        12%     Skilled
Who are “blue collar” workers?

Blue Collar Employment

• Job involves manual labor
• A member of the working class
• Earns an hourly wage
• May be skilled or unskilled
• Works in manufacturing, mining, building
  and construction trades, mechanical work,
  maintenance, repair and operations
  maintenance, technical installations
  automotive technician, carpenter,
  electrician, HVAC, aviation mechanic,
  plumber, pipefitter and welder
Who are “white collar” workers?

White Collar Employment

• Salaried professionals and clerical workers
• Educated workers who performs semi-
  professional office, administrative, and
  sales coordination tasks.
• Workers who commonly work in well- kept
  air conditioned office buildings
• Business men and women
• Perform non-manual labor often in an office
• Service industry worker-customer interaction,
entertainment, retail and outside sales
Who then, are the
    “green collar” workers?


  Let’s see if we know
   where jobs fit in to
  white, blue and green
What Are Green Jobs?
What are green collar jobs?

“Green collar” jobs are “blue collar” jobs
in green businesses – that is, manual labor
jobs in businesses whose products and
services directly improve environmental quality.

Many “green collar” jobs are middle skill jobs
requiring more education than high school but
less than a four year degree.

Other “green collar” jobs are “white collar”
jobs in green businesses.
What makes them green?

“Green” relates to a job’s purpose
    • Jobs that conserve energy, expand renewable energy
      sources, conserve or improve the environment
    • 40% of green jobs expected in making buildings
      energy efficient
Many green jobs will be in construction –
 similar to traditional construction laborer and skilled
 trades. Building retrofit, HVAC. mass transit, Infrastructure
 development, e.g. “smart grid,”
 And in manufacturing – wind turbines, solar panels, auto
 batteries, weatherization materials
What makes investing in
green jobs good for the US?
What makes them good jobs?

“Green-collar jobs tend to be local because
many involve work transforming and upgrading
the immediate built and natural environment—
work such as retrofitting buildings, installing
solar panels, installing and maintaining wind
turbines, constructing transit lines, and
landscaping.

Unlike white collar jobs that are moving
overseas at an alarming rate, these jobs can’t
be outsourced overseas.
RENEWABLE POWER GENERATION

WIND          SOLAR         HYDROPOWER   GEOTHERMAL     BIOMASS




ENERGY EFFICIENCY           RENEWABLE TRANSPORT FUELS

RESIDENTIAL    COMMERCIAL   ETHANOL             BIODIESEL
RETROFITS      RETROFITS
Where are these jobs?


Green collar jobs are located in large and
small for-profit businesses, non-profits,
social enterprises, and in the public sector.

They are relatively high quality jobs with
relatively low barriers to entry, in sectors
poised for dramatic growth.
                     According to Raquel Pinderhughes, PhD (2007)
What skills are needed?


Traditional skills with added 21st century
technical updating and thinking “green,”
understanding more environmental
technologies, and learning how we
can manufacture, install and maintain
them.
Green Industries include…

• Energy efficiency and renewable energy industries
• The energy-efficient building, construction, and
  retrofit industries
• The renewable electric power industry
• The energy efficient and advanced drive train
  vehicle industry
• The biofuels industry
• The deconstruction and materials use industries
• The energy efficiency assessment industry serving
  the residential, commercial, or industrial sectors
• Manufacturers that produce sustainable products
  using environmentally sustainable processes and
  materials.
Career Pathways

Green careers are a high-demand job track for
students from a wide range of academic
disciplines and with a wide variety of interests.
Green jobs exist, and are growing, in a range
of industries and at every skill and wage level.

By becoming stewards of our environment,
young people who choose a green career can
help solve the greatest problems of our time
while finding work that matches their personal
interests and values.
Career Pathways

1. Bicycle repair and bike delivery services
2. Car and truck mechanic jobs, production jobs, and
   gas-station jobs related to bio-diesel, vegetable oil
   and other alternative fuels
3. Food production using organic and/or sustainable
   grown agricultural products
4. Green building
5. Green waste composting on a large scale
6. Hauling and reuse of construction and demolition
   materials and debris
7. Hazardous materials clean up
8. Green (sustainable) landscaping
9. Manufacturing jobs related to large scale production
   of a wide range of technologies (i.e. solar panels,
   bike cargo systems, green waste bins, etc.)
                                ---excerpt from Pinderhughes (2007)
Career Pathways

10. Materials reuse/producing products made from
    recycled, non-toxic materials
11. Non-toxic household cleaning in residential and
    commercial buildings
12. Parks and open space maintenance and expansion
13. Printing with non-toxic inks and dyes and recycled
     papers
14. Public transit jobs
15. Recycling
16. Solar installation and maintenance
17. Tree cutting and pruning
18. Urban agriculture
19. Whole home performance (i.e: HVAC, attic
     insulation, weatherization, etc.)
                                ---excerpt from Pinderhughes (2007)
In 2006, the U.S. economy had about
750,000 green jobs


RENEWABLE POWER GENERATION                   127,246
AGRICULTURE & FORESTRY                        57,546

CONSTRUCTION & SYSTEMS INSTALLATION            8,741
MANUFACTURING                                 60,699
EQUIPMENT DEALERS & WHOLESALERS                6,205

ENGINEERING, LEGAL, RESEARCH, & CONSULTING   418,715

GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION                     71,900
TOTAL                                        751,051
By 2038, more than 4.2 million green jobs
will be created by the economy— a five-fold
increase

                            2018        2028        2038
RENEWABLE POWER            407,200     802,000    1,236,800
GENERATION
RESIDENTIAL, COMMERCIAL     81,000      81,000      81,000
RETROFITTING

RENEWABLE                 1,205,700   1,437,700   1,492,000
TRANSPORTATION FUELS

ENGINEERING, LEGAL,        846,900    1,160,300   1,404,900
RESEARCH, & CONSULTING
TOTAL                     2,540,800   3,481,000   4,214,700
4.2 million green jobs forecast is based on
achieving three goals by 2038




   40%              35%               30%
 of               reduction          of
 electricity      in energy          gas/diesel
 from             use                demand
 alternative      (residential and   replaced by
                  commercial
 sources          buildings)         ethanol/
                                     biodiesel
Challenges to “green job” success

The major challenges to a more rapid
adoption of renewable energy and
energy efficiency in America are a
shortage of skills and training in our
workforce.

This labor shortage is only likely to get
more severe as baby-boomers skilled in
current energy technologies retire.
Bottom Line…

A green job or business can use a triple
bottom line…
!!environmentally-conscious
Safe, healthy, minimizes waste, energy
conservative
!!socially progressive
Innovative, family-friendly, diverse,
living wage, fair labor
!!economically profitable
The other green…
Build the brick road…
…To get to the City
Connect jobseekers       sustainability info and
career training programs       employers
local talent and green business models
green market share and market for renewable
technologies     consumers and municipalities
   culture of sustainability and demand for
clean/green technology        job growth and
market growth
…To get to the City

				
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posted:7/27/2012
language:English
pages:24