How to Write a News Report - DOC by Ng6zci

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									                                How to Write a News Report
    A standard news report can be written using an “inverted pyramid” structure. As seen
    below, this format allows for the broadest, most general information to be delivered first,
    in the Headline, to be followed by more and more specific information, including facts,
    statistics, and opinions gathered through interviews. Essential facts about the story are
    generally presented first, in the summary lead (the first few sentences of text). The most
    common lead is the “W5H Format”: Where? When? What? Who? Why? How?


                    Information Pyramid
A
                The Headline, photo and/or caption


                     Description of what happened,
         I            when, where, and who was              The most important details
                                involved.


                             More facts and
                             details and the
                    F      reactions of those        Less important details or elaboration of
                                involved             important details through interviews



                            O             Observations of others



    THE A.I.F.O FORMULA FOR DECONSTRUCTING ARTICLES
    A        – ATTENTION: the headline (included with a photo). It should be short and to the point
    I        – IMPORTANT DETAILS: the first paragraph. Be sure to comment on both the headline
                                      and photo
    F        – FACTS/EVIDENCE: what happened, to whom, where, when, and reasons why
    O        – OBSERVATIONS: interviews with people involved and/or authority figures

    ATTENTION
    An article must first get the reader’s attention. It does this primarily through the Headline
    and photograph, which summarises/illustrates succinctly, and in an interesting way, the
    focus of the article.

    INTEREST
    Getting the reader’s attention is only the first step. The W5H must be addressed in the first
    few sentences of the article. When a person reads the headline or sees a picture, he or
    she thinks, “What does this mean?” You have to give the reader the ‘big picture’ of what
    happened.

    FACTS & EVIDENCE
    The next thing the reader is looking for in the article are the main facts about the issue
    being covered. The evidence regarding the event may also take the form of statistics,
    quotations from eyewitnesses, or opinions of experts.

    OPINION/ OTHER INFORMATION
    In many cases, the journalist will interview other people involved such as authority figures
    like police officers, politicians, or rescue workers depending on the focus of the article.


                                                                                                      1
            Writing a News Article: Review

 The Task
                        Did I…                                   What I did /
                                                                Next Steps
Headline of                                              Ex “left it blank”
                  Circle Key Words                       I Should Have…
  Article

The Picture       Look at the whole image
                  Draw a ‘plus sign’ over it?
               Look at:
                  Who is in it?
                  Where was it taken?

Rough Notes       Use a graphic organizer?               Ex. “left it blank”
                  Jot point form notes?                  Next Time I’ll…

Writing the    The Lead Clearly identify:                “Yesterday…”
 Article          When (did it happen?)
                  Where (did it happen?)
                  Who (is involved?)
                  What (happened?)

               Follow up information
               Explain:
                  Why (did it happen?)
                  How (did it happen?)
               Interviews / Quotes
                   Include direct quotes?
                   Identify who is quoted?
                   Give good information in the
                   quotation?
               Last Paragraph
                  Close the article?
                  Give important information?
                  State why this is important to know?




  Overall         Write at least 3 paragraphs?
                  Write in complete sentences?
                  Write in third person?




                                                                                2
TIP: The first
sentence has to say
exactly what
happened. Begin                     TIP: Each of the 4
with:                               W’s (what, where,
“Yesterday…”                        when, and who)
(When)                              should be explained
                                    very clearly.



             TIP: The most
             important
             information must be
             given in this first
             paragraph.

 TIP: These should
 be new paragraphs.
 Indent the first
 sentence.



                                   TIP: Begin
                                   interviews with
                                   “When this reporter
                                   asked…she said…”
                                   ALWAYS PUT WHAT
                                    A PERSON SAYS IN
                                         QUOTES.




 TIP: Use names you
 are familiar with:
       Family
       Friends
 Use locations you
 know: your school,
       Street names,
       City.
                                                          3
                          Hundreds of Teens in
                            Demonstration




               Paragraph 1: What happened, when, where, who was involved?


  When?                    Where?             What?                         Who?




     Paragraph 2: Why did it happen? How did it happen? What was done about it?

     Why did it happen?                               How did it happen (explain through interviews)




Paragraph 3+4: Interviews of bystanders. What do they think about it? Officials reactions?


     Quotation #1:                                    Quotation #2:




                                                                                                       4
Task:        Write a news report based on the headline and picture on the next page.
             • You will have to make up the facts and information, answering some or all
               of the following questions: Who? What? Where? When? Why? How?
             • You must relate your newspaper report to both the headline and the
               picture.

Purpose and
Audience: To report on an event for the readers of a newspaper

Length:      The lined space provided for your written work indicates the approximate
             length of the writing expected (1 page).




Shakespeare Banned                                                    Rough Notes
                                                                  Use the space below for
in Dufferin Peel High                                            rough notes. Nothing you
                                                                 write in this space will be
                                                                           scored.
      Schools




                                                                                               ENGLISH
Task:        Write a news report based on the headline and picture on the next page.
             • You will have to make up the facts and information, answering some or all
               of the following questions: Who? What? Where? When? Why? How?
             • You must relate your newspaper report to both the headline and the
               picture.

Purpose and
Audience: To report on an event for the readers of a newspaper

Length:      The lined space provided for your written work indicates the approximate
             length of the writing expected (1 page).




                                                                                                  5
Teens Continue to       Rough Notes
                     Use the space below for
 Smoke Despite      rough notes. Nothing you
                    write in this space will be
                              scored.
 Warning Labels




                                                  ENGLISH
                                                     6
Task:        Write a news report based on the headline and picture on the next page.
             • You will have to make up the facts and information, answering some or all
               of the following questions: Who? What? Where? When? Why? How?
             • You must relate your newspaper report to both the headline and the
               picture.

Purpose and
Audience: To report on an event for the readers of a newspaper

Length:      The lined space provided for your written work indicates the approximate
             length of the writing expected (1 page).



                                                                        Rough Notes
    Students use more                                               Use the space below for
                                                                   rough notes. Nothing you
   text-speak in School                                            write in this space will be
                                                                             scored.
           work




                                                                                                 ENGLISH




                                                                                                    7
Task:        Write a news report based on the headline and picture on the next page.
             • You will have to make up the facts and information, answering some or all
               of the following questions: Who? What? Where? When? Why? How?
             • You must relate your newspaper report to both the headline and the
               picture.

Purpose and
Audience: To report on an event for the readers of a newspaper

Length:      The lined space provided for your written work indicates the approximate
             length of the writing expected (1 page).




                                                                    Rough Notes
Reality TV Shows Hit                                            Use the space below for
                                                               rough notes. Nothing you
      New Low                                                  write in this space will be
                                                                         scored.




                                                                                             ENGLISH (MEDIA)




                                                                                                           8

								
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