Free Association Phase Inquiry Phase Rorschach like Example

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					                                46-320-01
                         Tests and Measurements
                                   Intersession 2006
Projective Tests
•   Projective hypothesis (Frank, 1939)
•   Accuracy of perception
•   Conclusions
•   Influencing factors
Rorschach Inkblot Test
• Pre-Rorschach
• Rorschach:
    Identifying psychological disorders
• 5 main proponents:
    Beck
    Hertz
    Klopfer
    Piotrowski
    Rappaport
• Exner
Rorschach
• 10 Inkblots
    5 black and gray
    2 black, gray, and red
    3 pastel colors
• Administration
    Individual test
    Instructions
    Free Association Phase
    Inquiry Phase

Rorschach-like Example
Rorschach-like Card
Rorschach Blot
Rorschach Scoring
• Location
    Whole (W)
    Common Detail (D)
       Unusual detail (Dd)
• Determinant
    Form (F)
    Movement (M, FM, m)
    Color (C)
    Shading (T)
• Form Quality
    F+ or +
    F
    F- or –
• Content
    Human (H)
    Animal (A)
    Nature (N)
• Popular-original
Scoring the Rorschach
•   Exner: Structural summary
•   Allows for norms
•   Inferences are hypotheses
•   Qualitative interpretation
     Content
     Sequence of responses

Psychometrics
•   The psychometric debate
•   Using scientific methods
•   Method of administration
•   Scoring not standardized
•   Influence of demographics/examiner training not considered
•   Reliability: varied and inconsistent
       Meta-analysis and KR20
• Validity
Holtzman Inkblot Test
• Alternative to Rorschach
• 1 response per 45 cards
• Standardized administration and scoring
    Scoring on 22 dimensions
• Alternate form
• Norms
• Psychometrics
Holtzman Inkblot Test
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
• Morgan and Murray (1935)
• Based on Murray’s theory of Needs
    E.g., Abasement (To surrender and accept punishment); Acquisition (To
     obtain possessions); Deference (To follow a superior, to serve); Nurturance
     (To protect the helpless); Similance (To empathize)
• 30 Pictures depicting a variety of scenes, plus blank card
TAT
• Certain cards elicit certain information
    Card 4 = male-female relationships
    12F = emotions about the self
• Poor standardization of administration
    Story
    Before, now, thinking/feeling, outcome
• Verbatim responses, reaction time


TAT
• Scoring
    Hero
    Needs
    Press
    Themes
    Outcomes
• Differences expected to reflect differences in people (note other
    factors)
Psychometrics
•   Inconsistent and unclear findings
•   High reliability figures for certain needs
•   Poor split-half and test-retest reliability
•   Content-related validity ok
•   Criterion-related validity poor
Alternative Apperception Tests
• Southern Mississippi TAT
    Family of Man photos
• Children’s Apperception Test (CAT)
    Age 3 to 10
    Animal figures




Nonpictoral Projectives
• Word Association Test
   Hat, lamp, love, father, paper, masturbation, chair, breast, car, penis, suicide
• Kent and Rosanoff
   100 words, standardization sample
• Rappaport, Gill, and Chafer (1966)
   60 items
   Normed

Sentence Completion Tasks
•   Complete a stem
•   May reveal more than in an interview
•   Recurring themes of conflict or pathological thought
•   Rotter Incomplete Sentence Blank
       40 stems, 7-point scoring

Rotter Incomplete Sentence Blank
• 1) If only I could...
    2) People I know...
    3) I can always...
    4) I think guys...
    5) What makes me sad is...
    6) I think girls...
Figure Drawing Tests
• Draw-A-Person
   Draw and tell a story
• House-Tree-Person Test
      Story
• Kinetic Family Drawing
• Scoring:
    Absolute size, relative size, omissions, disproportions
    Post-drawing inquiry

Draw a Person
• 15 year old girl with concern about facial acne

				
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