Background of the Establishment of The ASEAN Commission on the

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					ASEAN Commission on the Promotion

and Protection of the Rights of Women

        and Children (ACWC)




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                BACKGROUND OF ACWC
•       All ASEAN Member States have ratified CEDAW and CRC
        (Convention on the Rights of the Child)

•       At the 14th ASEAN Summit (March 2009), ASEAN Leaders adopted
        the Cha-am Hua Hin Declaration on the Roadmap for the ASEAN
        Community (2009 – 2015), which includes:
    –      ASEAN Political Security Community (APSC) Blueprint
    –      ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Blueprint
    –      ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community (ASCC) Blueprint


•       The establishment of ACWC was :
    –      One of the measures in Vientiane Action Program (2004 – 2010),
           adopted by ASEAN Leaders at the 10th ASEAN Summit in November
           2004
    –      reiterated in the ASCC Blueprint (2009 – 2015)
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          ACWC DRAFTING PROCESS

• In support of the establishment of the ACWC, ASEAN Committee on
  Women (ACW) and ASEAN Senior Officials Meeting on Social
  Welfare and Development (SOMSWD) have taken the following
  actions:
   – 7-8 April 2008, at the ASEAN Secretariat, Djakarta: Joint Roundtable
     Discussion between ACW, SOMSWD and ASEAN Standing Committee
     (ASC), to discuss the modalities of ACWC
   – 22-23 October 2008, Hanoi, Viet Nam: Joint Session between ACW
     and SOMSWD, to set up a multidisciplinary working group that will work
     towards the establishment of the ACWC
   – 29 April 2009, Manila, Philippines: TOR of the Working Group adopted,
     at the Joint Session between ACW and SOMSWD
   – 30 April 2009, Manila, Philippines: 1st meeting of the Interim Working
     Group
   – June, August and October 2009: Meetings of the Working Group to
     draft the TOR of the ACWC

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– 1-2 October 2009, Bangkok, Thailand: Joint Session between
ACW and SOMSWD to endorse the draft TOR, submitted by the
Working Group
– Draft TOR – ACWC submitted to the ASEAN Ministerial Meeting
on Social Welfare and Development (AMMSWD) for consideration
– October 2009: AMMSWD subsequently approved the TOR on an
ad-referendum basis
– 15th ASEAN Summit, 23 – 25 October 2009, Cha-am Hua Hin,
Thailand: ASEAN Leaders welcomed the TOR – ACWC and
instructed relevant ministers and senior officials to ensure its
establishment and operationalisation by the 16th ASEAN Summit in
Viet Nam
– 8th Meeting of ACW, November 2009, Bandar Seri Begawan,
Brunei, and 6th SOMSWD in January 2010 in Singapore : ASEAN
member states agreed to confirm their respective representatives on
women’s rights and children’s rights to the ASEAN Secretariat by 15
March 2010

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        Other Consultations with various
    Stakeholders during the Drafting Process
•     September 2008, Djakarta: at 5th ASEAN Socio-Cultural
      Community (SOC-COM), meeting between HLP-AHRB and the
      chairs of ACW and SOMSWD

•     January 2009, Brunei Darussalam: at the High Level Panel (HLP)
      Meeting, discussions between High Level Panel-ASEAN Human
      Rights Body (HLP-AHRB) and Chairs and representatives of ACW
      and SOMSWD

•      April 2009, Manila, Philippines:
     –    Meeting between the Chair of HLP-AHRB and the Interim
          Working Group
     –    at the Joint Session between ACW and SOMSWD:
        •   Meeting between Representatives of UNIFEM and UNICEF and
            Representatives of ACW and SOMSWD,
        •   Meeting between the Secretary General of the Working Group for
            an ASEAN Human Rights Mechanism (AHRM) and
            Representatives of ACW and SOMSWD
                                                                             5
• June 2009, Hanoi, Viet Nam, 1st WG – ACWC: Meeting of the
  Working Group (WG) with Representatives of UNIFEM and UNICEF

• August 2009, Bangkok, Thailand (2nd WG-ACWC): Meetings of the
  WG – ACWC with :
       Representatives of Civil Society Organizations and academia
        in the ASEAN region
       Representatives of UNIFEM and UNICEF
       Chair of High Level Panel-ASEAN Human Rights Body
         (HLP-AHRB)

• October 2009, Bangkok, Thailand: Meeting between the Senior
  Officials Committee for ASCC (SOCA) Chair and Representatives of
  ACW and SOMSWD, at the Joint Session between ACW and
  SOMSWD

• 30 March 2010, ASEAN Secretariat: Consultation between ASEAN
  Inter-governmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR), ACW
  and SOMSWD to ensure alignment with AICHR
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               PURPOSES OF ACWC

• To promote and protect the human rights and fundamental freedoms
  of women and children in ASEAN
• To promote the well-being, development, empowerment and
  participation of women and children in the ASEAN Community
  building process
• To enhance regional and international cooperation on the promotion
  and protection of the rights of women and children
• To uphold human rights as prescribed by CEDAW, CRC, BPFA and
  other international human rights instruments and regional
  declarations related to women’s and children’s rights
• To promote stability and harmony in the region, friendship and
  cooperation among ASEAN Member States


                                                                   7
               PRINCIPLES OF ACWC

• To complement the function of CEDAW and CRC Committees
• To recognize that the primary responsibility to promote and protect
  women’s and children's rights rests with each Member State
• To pursue a constructive non-confrontational and cooperative
  approach to enhance the promotion and protection of rights and
  women and children
• To ensure a balance between the functions of promotion and
  protection of the rights of women and children
• To adopt a collaborative and consultative approach with ASEAN
  Member States, academia and civil society pertaining to the rights of
  women and children.




                                                                      8
            MANDATE and FUNCTIONS
• To promote:
   – The implementation of international, ASEAN and other instruments
     related to the rights of women and children
   – Public awareness and education of the rights of women and children
   – Studies and research related to the situation and well-being of women
     and children
   – Appropriate measures for the prevention and elimination of all forms of
     violations of the rights of women and children, including the protection of
     victims
• To develop policies, programs and strategies to promote and protect
  the rights of women and children
• To advocate on behalf of women and children, especially the most
  vulnerable, and encourage ASEAN Member States to improve their
  situation

                                                                               9
• To build capacities of relevant stakeholders at all levels
• To encourage ASEAN Member States to:
    – Collect and analyze disaggregated data by sex, age, etc. related to the
      promotion and protection of the rights of women and children
    – Undertake periodic reviews of national legislations, policies and
      practices related to the rights of women and children
• To assist, upon request by ASEAN Member States:
    – in preparing for CEDAW and CRC Periodic reports
    – In implementing the Concluding Observations of CEDAW and CRC and
      other treaty Bodies related to the rights of women and children
• To provide advisory services on matters pertaining to the promotion
  and protection of the rights of women and children to ASEAN
  sectoral bodies upon request
• To perform any tasks related to the rights of women and children as
  may be delegated by the ASEAN Leaders and Foreign Ministers


                                                                            10
• Status: ACWC is an intergovernmental body and an integral part of
  the ASEAN organizational structure. It is a consultative body.
• Composition:
   – The ACWC shall consist of the Member States of ASEAN
   – Each ASEAN Member State appoints 2 representatives, one on
     women’s rights and one on children’s rights
• Terms of Office:
   – Each representative serves a term of 3 years and may be consecutively
     reappointed for only one additional term
   – To provide continuity of the work of ACWC, each ASEAN Member State
     shall appoint one of its 2 representatives to serve for an initial term of 4
     years and a half
   – The appointing Government may decide, at its discretion, to replace its
     representatives.
• Meetings:
   – 2 regular meetings per year
   – Special meetings when needed


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• Work plan and Funding: 5 – year work plan and annual budget to
  implement the work plan to be approved by AMMSWD (ASEAN
  Ministers Meeting on Social Welfare and development)
• Line of reporting: Submit an annual report (accomplishments,
  challenges and recommendations on the promotion and protection
  of the rights of women and children) to:
   – AMMSWD With copy to ACW (ASEAN Committee on Women) and
     other relevant sectoral bodies
• Public information: ACWC keeps the public regularly informed of
  its work through its public information material
• Coordination and alignment with AICHR (ASEAN
  Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights) and other
  relevant sectoral bodies dealing with issues related to women and
  children



                                                                      12
                        7 April 2010

• Launching of the ACWC: in Hanoi, Viet Nam, as part of the 16th
  ASEAN Summit

• 1st ACWC Meeting: was considered as an interim meeting of
  ACWC, due to Philippines and Myanmar did not have their official
  representatives at the ACWC launching.

• Decision of the meeting: the 1st ACWC Meeting to be convened
  when all ASEAN Member States have their official representatives,
  tentatively in August 2010




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