••••••>Types of periodontal disease and their causes
Gum disease can be a potentially serious condition if left untreated. Contracted owing to poor oral
hygiene and habits such as smoking and tobacco chewing and other environmental factors, gum
disease can thankfully be cured and prevented by following certain guidelines. Our mouths are filled
with bacteria that form because of poor oral hygiene and what we consume. While brushing and
flossing our teeth does help to get rid of surface dirt, certain elements cannot be removed which is
why regular visits to the dentist are vital. Gum disease treatment consists of both surgical and non-
invasive procedures. Depending on the severity of the condition, a dentist will recommend which
process to follow.
Types of periodontal disease
Periodontal disease consists of various types including periodontics and gingivitis. The former is
formed when the latter is not treated, meaning that periodontics is the more serious of the two.
Plaque and tartar give way to gum disease and are formed when all material – bacteria, food etc –
aren’t removed from the mouth and teeth. The gums become inflamed and lead to bleeding. Unlike
periodontics, gingivitis can be cured or reversed by proper oral hygiene like brushing and flossing.
Regular visits to the dentist are also required.
Periodontics occurs when the tissue around the teeth become inflamed. If left untreated, teeth may
also fall off. Since the body’s immune system tries to fight the disease, the tissue and bone that hold
teeth in place begin to wear off. Gum Disease Treatment will entail good oral hygiene, removal of
plaque and tartar and medication.
Causes of gum disease
1. Genetics: Some people may be more prone to gum disease although regular care will keep it
2. Tobacco use: The effects of tobacco on oral health are well documented. The chemicals
contained in tobacco may also hinder the success of medication working.
3. Medications: Some medicines restrict the flow of saliva which is important in fighting
4. Hormones: Women may be more susceptible to developing gum disease as they undergo
5. Health conditions: Treatments like those for cancer and AIDS can weaken the immune
system which fights off the growth of bad bacteria.
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