Emergency Operations Planning by j5uNBk

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									Emergency Operations
Planning


      Drills
   Exercises and Drills

• Assure predictable response in an
  actual emergency
• Identify problems/weaknesses in
  plans and procedures
• Staff and students practice and
  experience what is expected of them
  during an emergency
    Exercises and Drills
Just like other learning objectives in school,
  these must be taught and practiced!
• Evacuation
        Building
        Site
•   Reverse evacuation
•   Lock-down
•   Shelter-in-place
•   Drop and cover
       Drill Lessons for
            students
  It is recommended that students be taught
  each type of emergency drill and the reasons
  and conditions that would activate the drill,
  in an age-appropriate manner.
  Lesson plans for teaching the drills are
  available on the Texas School Safety Center
  website for download and use by schools.
http://www.txssc.txstate.edu/txssc.htm
               Drills
• Drills should be named and announced
  using plain language instead of code
  words in accordance with Incident
  Command Systems and NIMS
  NO MORE CODES!
• Drill should be taught to students
  before they are practiced including an
  explanation of why they are important
         Why no more codes?
BAILEY, COLO. 9/27/06 Foxnews.com
Police: School gunman sexually assaulted girl hostages

  …SOPHOMORE     ZACK BARNES, 16, SAID HIS FIRST
  INDICATION THAT THERE WAS SOMETHING WRONG
  AT HIS SCHOOL WAS AN ANNOUNCEMENT OVER
  THE PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEM.
   "WE WERE SITTING THERE IN MATH CLASS AND
  OVER THE INTERCOM THEY SAID 'STUDENTS AND
  TEACHERS WE HAVE A CODE WHITE. REPEAT,
  CODE WHITE. 'AND NOBODY REALLY KNEW WHAT
  A CODE WHITE WAS,“
   HE SAID HIS TEACHER CHECKED A SHEET OF
  PAPER FROM HER DESK AND THEN SAID THE
  CLASS HAD TO MOVE.
  Emergency Procedures
    Exercised by Drills
• Fires and bomb threats
   • Evacuation
• Tornadoes
   • Drop and Cover
• Intruders
   • Reverse Evacuation and Lock Down
• Hazardous Materials Release
   • Reverse Evacuation and Shelter-in-place
Preparing for Emergency
         Drills
Staff
• Provide staff members with written instructions on
   drilling procedures.
• Discuss the importance of emergency drills during
   staff meetings.
• Allow staff feedback on drill procedures.
• Assess the staff’s response to emergency drills.
• Include emergency drill procedures in information
   packets for substitutes and new staff members.
• Involve the school’s support staff in all emergency
   practice drills: librarians, office staff, custodians,
   bus drivers, frequent volunteers, etc.
  Preparing for Emergency
           Drills
Students
• Encourage staff to review the importance of
  emergency drills with students, as well as their
  role during drills.
• Provide students with specific instructions on
  each drill and include the objective of the drill.
• Allow student feedback concerning emergency
  drills.
• Provide emergency drill information to all new
  students.
• Include special provisions during drills for
  special needs students.
        Student Movement:
        Lockdown Drills vs.
         Evacuation Drills
Evacuation:
• Can students safely exit the building without moving
  toward the threat?
• School officials will need to quickly assess whether or
  not student evacuation can be accomplished safely.

Lockdown:
• Can students remain safely in their current location
  without the threat moving toward them?
• School administrators have a duty to protect and
  ensure that students are not remaining in a
  threatening situation when their safe removal is
  possible.
         Lockdown Drills
• Everyone reports to the assigned classroom, or
  lockdown location as quickly as possible.
• Teachers should quickly check the hallway to
  locate any students in the hallway before locking
  the door. Window blinds or drapes should be
  closed or paper can be used to cover windows.
• Once door is locked, the door should not be
  opened for knocks or other reasons. The door or
  window should only be opened by the
  prearranged “all clear” signal.
         Evacuation Drills
• Students and staff members should be familiar with exit
  routes; diagrams of these should be posted in rooms.
  Primary and alternative routes should be selected. Make
  sure each room and other areas of the building have easy-
  to-find posters displayed near doorways of each
  classroom.
• Students, faculty, and others in the building should
  evacuate the building immediately upon hearing the fire
  alarm or evacuation command
• Students should not be permitted to stop for coats, books,
  or other belongings. Evacuation drills should be orderly,
  and students should walk quietly, with faculty supervision
  at all times.
         Evacuation Drills
• Teachers should stand at their classroom doors until pupils
  have filed out. They should check to see that windows and
  doors are closed but not locked, and follow pupils out of
  the building. They should take their class roll books with
  them.
• When students reach assembly areas, implement some
  form of student accountability (head count or buddy
  system should be implemented). Any discrepancy should
  be reported immediately to the principal.
• When students reach designated assembly areas, they
  should remain there until further instructions are given.
• Evacuation times should be recorded.
             Tornado Drills
• Occupants of each room should be assigned to a
  designated area that is closest and safest.
• All second story students must move to the first floor.
• The best area is a basement or underground facility.
• If no basement exists, choose an area that has the smallest
  roof span area.
• Safer areas are where the walls are thickest and at least 30
  feet away from exterior glass windows.
• Hallways with lockers are traditionally used areas, but small
  interior rooms can also work well.
• Students should drop and cover their heads with the arms.
      Reverse Evacuation
• Used when students are not in class and must be brought
  into the classroom quickly.
• Procedures will vary depending on school.
• Students all get inside a classroom quickly
• Students stay calm and quiet so they can hear the teacher’s
  instructions
• Students pay attention and follow the instructions given
• Students quickly move to an area where they will be safe
• Students remain calm and quiet until the all clear is given
        Common Sense
• Always communicate plans with parents
  • Letter home at start of school year
  • Information on school website
  • Periodic updates in school newletter
• When doing drills, keep parents
  informed about procedures
• Inform in advance of any “full-scale”
  drills
                              Why?
SCHOOL SAFETY DRILL DRAWS IRE
Tuesday, October 31, 2006 - FreeMarketNews.com
   A recent school safety drill in Michigan has upset some parents of the
   children involved. According to wire service reports, the drill in the town
   of Wyoming involved police officers in riot gear with weapons, who
   entered two classrooms at Lee Middle and High School on Thursday
   and announced a threat to the school.
   Students were unaware that a drill was being conducted, but were
   taken from their classrooms into the hall, patted down by officers and
   asked what they had in their pockets, according to local news reports.
   One angry parent reportedly put it this way: "Some of these kids were
   so scared, they just about wet their pants. I think it's wrong that the
   students and parents were not informed of this."
   Officers reportedly wore protective gear, including vests and helmets,
   and carried unloaded rifles (marked with colored tape to indicate they
   were not live weapons). Principal David Britten reportedly said students
   weren't told ahead of time "to make the drill as realistic as possible,"
   although teachers were given notice just before it took place.
      Drill Reporting
To report school drills
A web-form will be available at:
http://www.txssc.txstate.edu/txssc.htm
  Texas School Safety Center
          Website
http://www.txssc.txstate.edu/txssc.htm

								
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