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					  Agriculture – Post 2012

             Gerald Rys
    Natural Resources Group
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
          Agriculture and the Kyoto Protocol
• Agriculture and non carbon dioxide greenhouse gasses separately
  specified under the UNFCCC and KP.
• Agriculture Sector seen as no different than other GHG emitting
  sectors ie transport, energy that are accounted for by Annex 1
• 12.5% of global emissions - 4% from animal agriculture
• New Zealand has high proportion of emissions from agriculture –
  52% in 1990 and 48% in 2005 – 3rd as a % in the world. More akin
  to a developing country emissions profile
• The biological nature of the sector – far greater complexity and
  uncertainties than most other sectors.
      Will Agriculture be included under a post
            2012 Climate Change Regime?
• Almost certainly
• Global political environment has changed
• Sense that everything must be done
• Trend is toward more complete accounting
• Soil carbon under agriculture may become a focus with more
  complete accounting requirements
• This may be problematic for NZ until a full assessment has been
  made under the LUCAS e.g. soil erosion, losses under intensive
  agriculture vs soil C increases under change cropping systems.
• Negotiators conscious of need for certainty but note the biological
  uncertainty of biological systems
       Negotiating the Post 2012 Framework
• No specific new proposals around agriculture
• New Zealand needs to distinguish grazing animal
  agriculture as a specific farming operation with specific
• Information on mitigation potential needs to be provided
  particularly for grazing animal agriculture
• Interest from developing countries as they also posses
  significant grazing animal agriculture systems e.g.
      International Research Partnership
•   In February 2007 Cabinet policy committee agreed in
    principle, subject to the outcome of discussions with
    other countries and budget decisions, to launch an
    international research partnership on agricultural
    greenhouse gases at the Third Greenhouse Gases and
    Animal Agriculture conference held in Christchurch from
    26 -29 November 2007.
          International CC Research Partnership
•   $Im per annum fund approved by Cabinet in May 2007 to
    support international agriculture and forestry research
    cooperation: The objectives are:
      •    provide a framework to coordinate international research efforts to mitigate
           greenhouse gases from animal agriculture;
      •    support New Zealand’s negotiating position for agriculture in future climate change
           commitments post -2012;
      •    support information sharing on mitigation and measurement of greenhouse gas
           emissions from agriculture and facilitate the development of internationally agreed
           emissions factors and mitigation methodologies for animal agriculture;
      •    attract more domestic and international investment in research related to reducing
           emissions from agriculture;
      •    provide a mechanism for engaging with developing counties through capacity
           building activities.
               Other activities to date
– presented at various workshops of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and
  Technological Advice in Bonn and Ad Hoc Working group of the UNFCCC
  in 2006;
– organised and co-hosted two successful side-events (with Ireland,
  Argentina, UK, US) at the latest climate change meetings in Bonn in May
  2007. NZ supported the attendance of Argentina at this event;
– with Ireland organised a technical meeting in the margins of Bonn in May
  2007 to discuss possible collaboration on agricultural greenhouse gas
  research. Technical agricultural experts (both science and inventory)
  from developed and developing countries were represented;
– was invited by the Convention Secretariat to be a member of a panel on
  non-CO2 emissions and the role of sinks, as part of a roundtable
  providing background to support work by the Ad Hoc Working Group on
  the analysis of mitigation potentials and ranges of emission objectives of
  Annex I countries.

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