Founding of the Byzantine Empire by a17N430

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									Lesson 10-1



              1
• TN SPI
  – 6.5.7 Recognize major historical time periods
    (Middle Ages of Medieval Period)
  – 6.6.2 Recognize the impact of individuals on
    world history (Constantine)
  – 6.3.3 Identify the location of early civilizations on
    a map



                                                            2
                 Constantine
• Beginning with the rule of Constantine, two
  important changes affected the Roman
  Empire:
  – Constantine became a Christian and stopped the
    persecution of Christians.
  – Christianity became the official religion of the
    empire in 395 A.D.



                                                       3
    The Fall of Rome and the End of
          Ancient Civilizations
• Several things contributed to the Fall of
  Rome:
1. Weak, Corrupt Leaders
2. Mercenary Army
3. Size of the Empire
4. Economic Problems (Inflation)
5. Invasions

                                              4
   Middle Ages or Medieval Period
• All the empires we have      • Ancient history is the
  studied to this point have     study of the written past
  been referred to as            from the beginning of
  ancient civilizations.         recorded human history
   –   Mesopotamia               until the Early Middle
   –   Fertile Crescent          Ages in Europe.
   –   Egypt                   • The Middle Ages or
   –   India                     Medieval Period began
   –   China                     with the fall of the Roman
   –   Greece                    Empire in 476 A.D. and
   –   Rome                      lasts to about 1500.


                                                          5
      Split of the Roman Empire
• Diocletian splits the empire into West and East.
• Western Empire was reclaimed and small
  kingdoms were formed
• Christianity explodes across the region.
• The Eastern Empire remained prosperous, and
  formed the foundation of a new empire called
  the Byzantine Empire.
• A strong army, good government, and a rich
  economy helped give the empire a long life.

                                                     6
  Geography
• The Emperor Constantine
  moved the capital to
  Byzantium; later renamed
  Constantinople located
  on a strait called the
  Bosporus.
• The Bosporus Strait
  connects the Black Sea to
  the Mediterranean Sea.
• Europe and Asia meet at
  the Bosporus Strait.                 Asia
                              Europe

                                              7
                Byzantine Empire
• The people thought of themselves as Romans.
  – Preserved the architecture of Rome
     •   Markets or forums
     •   Public squares
     •   Paved roads
     •   Cathedrals
     •   Palace
     •   Public baths
     •   Aqueducts
     •   Cisterns (stored water)

                                                8
              Byzantine Empire
• The people thought of themselves as Romans.
  – Remembered the greatness of Rome
     • Blend of Greek, Roman, and Christian influences
  – Estimated population of a half-million
  – Fortress City (Evidence of a city wall)
     • Like Rome, the military strength of the Byzantines
       contributed to the growth of the empire.
  – Crossroads of Trade


                                                            9
           Crossroads of Trade
• The city of Constantinople was built at a
  major crossroads of land and sea trade routes.
• Goods filtered into the city from:
  – Kiev in the north (current day Russia)
  – Egypt in the south
  – China from the east
• Byzantines charged taxes on all goods that
  passed through the city.
• Over time, the empire grew rich.
                                               10
                 11
Constantinople
          Struggle for Control
• Two groups sometimes shared control and
  sometimes fought over the region:
  – Christian Byzantines
  – Muslim Arabs and Turks

  *Religion caused much disagreement throughout
    Christian lands.



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