PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition) David Myers by um21qgL

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									KSS Psych 12AP Myers 8e Prologue Chapter notes


    PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition) David Myers Prologue: The Story of Psychology

Psychology’s Roots
- In India, Buddha wondered how ____________________________________
   combined to form ideas.

Prescientific Psychology
- Confucius (551-479 B.C.) In China, Confucius stressed the ______________
   and the importance of an ________________________.

-    _____________ scriptures linked __________________________________.

-    Socrates (469-399 B.C.) and Plato (428-348 B.C.) Socrates and his student
     Plato __________________________________________________, the
     mind continued to exist after death, and ideas were innate.


-    _______________ (384-322 B.C.) Aristotle suggested that the soul is not
     separable from the body and that __________________________________
     ________________________.

-    ________________ (1596-1650) Descartes, ________________, believed in
     soul (mind) - body separation, but wondered how the immaterial mind and
     physical body communicated.

-    _____________________ (1561-1626) Bacon is ______________________

     __________________, particularly the _____________________________.

-    ________________ (1632-1704) Locke held that the mind was a _________
     ____________________________, at birth, and experiences wrote on it.


What is the relation of mind to the body?
Mind and body are _______________ Mind and body are _______________




How are ideas formed?
Some ideas are ______________                    The mind is a ___________________




Mr. D. McConnell                        KSS Psych12AP                     Page 1   of 6
KSS Psych 12AP Myers 8e Prologue Chapter notes


Psychological Science is Born

___________________
- Wundt and Titchener studied _____________________________________
   by conducting experiments at Leipzig, Germany, in 1879. Wundt (1832-1920)
   Titchner (1867-1927)

____________________
- Influenced by Darwin, William James established the school of functionalism,
   which _____________________________. James (1842-1910) Mary Calkins

The __________________________________
_________________________ and his followers emphasized the importance of
the ________________________________________________________
_________________________. Freud (1856-1939)

_________________________________
- Watson (1913) and later Skinner emphasized the study of _______________
   as the subject matter of scientific psychology. Watson (1878-1958) Skinner
   (1904-1990)

_______________________
- Maslow and Rogers emphasized current ________________________
   influences on our _______________________________________________.
   Maslow (1908-1970) Rogers (1902 1987)

Psychology Today
- We define psychology today as ____________________________________
  ______________________________________________________________
  (inner thoughts and feelings).

Psychological Associations & Societies
- The ___________________________________is the largest organization of
  psychology with 160,000 members world-wide, followed by the British
  Psychological Society with 34,000 members.

Psychology’s Big Debate

________________________
- Darwin stated that _________________________________________ enable
   the organism to survive and reproduce in a particular environment. Darwin
   (1809-1882)




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KSS Psych 12AP Myers 8e Prologue Chapter notes




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KSS Psych 12AP Myers 8e Prologue Chapter notes




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KSS Psych 12AP Myers 8e Prologue Chapter notes




Clinical Psychology vs. Psychiatry

A ____________________________ (___________.)
- ______________________________________________________________
   ____________________________________.

________________________________
- on the other hand are
   ______________________________________________________________
   ______________________________________________________________
   ___________________________.




Mr. D. McConnell                        KSS Psych12AP    Page 6   of 6

								
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