Kerala Districts – THRISSUR The city of Thrissur, located in the central part of Kerala is known as the ‘Cultural Capital’ of the state. Thrissur the fourth largest city in Kerala is famous all over the world with the unique and spectacular temple festival, ‘the Thrissur Pooram’. The city built around the hillock of Vadakkumnathan temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, is also an important business center in South India. Also known for gold and silk, people from other parts of the state often visit the city for purchasing silks and gold ornaments in bulk. History of Thrissur Thrissur plays a major role in the history of South India. The city derived its name from Thrissivaperur. Thrissur was part of the Chera Empire and had witnessed the rise and fall of many dynasties that ruled the state. Thrissur district has also made its mark in the history since 12th century that mentions the rise and growth of Perumpadappu Swarupam. In 1790, Raja Rama Varma, also known as Sakthan Thampuran reconstructed Thrissur, which was destroyed after attacks from Tipu Sultan’s army. Sakthan Thanpuran who then was came to be known as the architect of Thrissur town, chose Thrissur as the capital of his kingdom for a certain period. The town then became flourished as a centre of internal trade. During the 9th to 12th centuries Thrissur witnessed the history of Kulasekharas of Mahodayapuram. Economy of Thrissur Agriculture is the main occupation of the people in Thrissur. Paddy is the most important crop of the district. Rice, tapioca, coconut, arecnut, rubber, banana are the other agricultural crops that are being cultivated in the district. Variety of fruits and vegetables are also grown in the district. Jackfruits, mangoes, plantain, pineapples etc are grown in plenty in the place and hence Thrissur is known as the land of fruits. Cashewnut is cultivated in all parts of the district. Fisheries is the another sector that brings revenue to the district. Most of the people in coastal areas depend on fishing for their livelihood. The major fishing centers of the district are Azhikode, Nattika, Vadanappilli, Kadappuram, Blangad, Puthenkadappuram and Chettuva and the district has one of the biggest fish markets in Kerala. Thrissur is also home to a number of industries such as power loom, textile, tile, timber, soap manufacture, canning, dairy unit, chemicals, oil mills, printing, match industry, cottage industry, leather, beedi making etc. Accessiblity in Thrissur Thrissur city, mainly dependent on private buses, taxis and autorickshaws, have three main bus stands namely Shaktan Tampuran Private Bus Stand, the Vadakke Stand (Northern Bus Stand) and the KSRTC Bus Station. The Thrissur Railway Station is a junction and it connects the city with other Indian states. Hence it is known as the gateway to Kerala. The Cochin International Airport which is nearly 50kms away from Thrissur is the closest airport to the city. Places of Interest Kerala Kalamandalam: This famous art school located on the banks of Bharathapuzha is situated around 29kms from the city. Founded in 1930, the school offers training on traditional arts such as music, drama, Ottam thullal, Koodiyattom and Panchavadhyam. The traditional temple theatre known as Koothambalam and the art gallery are the two main attractions in Kalamandalam. The portrait gallery exhibits the portraits of great artists and the honors and mementos awarded to the institution. Tourists from around the world spare time to visit this famous art school to learn about the traditional art forms. State Museum: Situated at Chembukavu just 2kms from the railway station, the museum has a good collection of art sculptures, religious idols, traditional lamps and jewellery. The botanical garden in its compound adds to its attraction. Vilangan Kunnu: Located about 5kms from the Thrissur city, this beautiful hillock is a popular picnic spot that gives a panoramic view of the entire city. This has now become a recreational centre for the tourists visiting the place. Peechi Dam: Located 23kms away from Thrissur, the Peechi Dam which is about 3200 acres is built across the Manali River. The dam provides boating facility for its visitors around the reservoir that is covered with thick tea and eucalyptus plantations. Peechi Wildlife Sanctuary: This wildlife sanctuary established in 1958 has more than 50 species of medicinal plants and orchids. It also has varied species of birds, mammals and reptiles. Thrissur Zoo: Near to the state museum is the zoo that is home to a large variety of snakes and animals. The zoo that spreads over 13.5 acres attracts people from far and wide. Shakthan Thampuran Palace: The palace situated in the heart of the city preserves many attributes of the former rulers. The archeological garden in the compound of the palace is an added attraction. Trichur town: Museum, Zoo, Fort, Archealogical Museum, Academies for Fine arts etc Kodungallur: Ancient harbour, Ancient Mosque, Place of 1st church built by Thomas apostels. Guruvayoor: Famous for its temple of Lord Krishna. 29 km away from TCR. Athirapally Waterfall: 32 km away from Chalakudy. Vazhachall Waterfall: 5 km away from Athirapally.