The Civil Rights Movement

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					         The Civil Rights Movement




Woolworth’s Sit-In, North Carolina, 1960
I. Civil Rights under Pres. Eisenhower
• Board v. Brown of
   Education of
   Topeka (1954)
“Separate
   educational
   facilities are
   inherently
   unequal.”
--Supreme Court
   Justice Earl Warren
 Southern Reaction Against Brown v.
        Board of Education
• 80% of White
  southerners opposed
  ruling
• KKK Revival
• De-segregation not
  enforced
Little Rock 9, 1957
• Central Rock High
  School, Little Rock,
  Arkansas
• Governor Faubus had
  National Guard block
  entrance
• Eisenhower sent 1,000
  paratroopers to protect
  the 9 students
Montgomery Bus Boycott (Dec. 1955 –
           Dec. 1956
• 40,000 African American
  daily bus riders in
  Montgomery, Alabama
• Rosa Parks, NAACP
  member
• Dr. Martin Luther King led
  bus boycott
• Supreme Court outlaws
  bus segregation
       II. Civil Rights Under JFK

• Birmingham/
  Bombingham, 1963
• Police Commissioner
  “Bull” Conner
  promoted
  segregation
    Dr. King’s March on Washington

• Intended to
  pressure JFK, 1963
     III. Civil Rights Under LBJ
• LBJ Promoted
  the Civil Rights
  Act as a legacy
  for assassinated
  JKF
     The Civil Rights Act of 1964
• Ended Legal
  Segregation
• Created Equal
  Employment
  Opportunity
  Commission
• Did not address
  voting rights
       Voting Rights Act of 1965
• Ended Literacy tests, poll taxes, grandfather
  clauses
• Registered black voters in the South increased
  by 2 million

				
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