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									       Briefing for Parents
Subject Choices at Sec 3 level
                   21 Sept 2006
             Programme

• Introduction


• Subject Briefing

•Q&A
         Possible Routes



•JC Education/ CI
•Polytechnic Education
 Admission Criteria for JCs &
       Polytechnics




Junior Colleges
 L1R5 ≤ 20
      Admission Criteria to JCs
               L1R5
L1   First Language EL / Higher MT

     Relevant Sub 1 Humanities

     Relevant Sub 2 Maths/ Science

R5   Relevant Sub 3 Humanities/ Maths/ Science

     Relevant Sub   Humanities/ Maths/ Science/
         4&5        Other GCE ‘O’ Level Subjects
                    (excluding Religious
                    Knowledge & CCA)
             Bonus Points
• 2 bonus points for students who obtain
  grades of A1 to C6 for both their first
  languages (i.e. EL & Higher Mother Tongue)

• 2 bonus points for students who obtain an ‘A’
  grade in CCA

• 1 bonus point for students who obtain a grade
  ‘B’ or ‘C’ in CCA

• Students can enjoy up to a maximum of 4
  bonus points
               JC Curriculum
• Old System
  - 3 or 4 subjects at ‘A’ level + 2 subjects at
  ‘AO’ level

• New System
  - Knowledge Skills – PW and either GP or KI
  - Languages – MTL
  - Humanities and the Arts
  - Mathematics and Sciences
JC Curriculum
                     JC Curriculum
Key changes

Students may select subjects at 3 different levels of study:
Higher 1 (H1), Higher 2 (H2) and Higher 3 (H3)

H1 Equivalent to half of H2 in breadth but similar to H2 in depth.

H2 Equivalent to rigour of old 'A' Level subjects.

H3 Subjects with a variety of learning opportunities (e.g. advanced
  content, research paper, university module).


  Besides GP, PW, and MTL at H1 level, students are required to offer 3 H2
  and 1 H1 content-based subjects, at least one of which is a subject from a
  contrasting discipline.
       JC Subject Combinations
• Maths and Science              • Humanities and the
  Enthusiasts                      Arts Enthusiasts

H2 Phy                           H2 Econs
H2 Chem                          H2 Geo
H2 Maths                         H2 Maths (contrasting subject)
H1 Econs (contrasting subject)   H1 Art
H1 MTL                           H1 MTL
GP                               GP
PW                               PW
      JC Subject Combinations
• Take KI                     • MT Language and
                                Lit

H2 KI (contrasting subject)   H2 MT language and Lit
H2 Maths                      H2 Lit in English
H2 Bio                        H2 History
H2 Chem                       H1 Maths (contrasting subject)
H1 MTL                        GP
PW                            PW
 Admission Criteria for JCs &
       Polytechnics



Centralized
  Institute
 L1R4 ≤ 20
       Admission Criteria to CI
               L1R4
L1   First Language EL / Higher MT

     Relevant Sub 1 Humanities/ Maths/ Science
     Relevant Sub 2 Humanities/ Maths/ Science

R4   Relevant Sub   Humanities/ Maths/ Science/
         3&4        Other GCE ‘O’ Level Subjects
                    (excluding Religious
                    Knowledge; conditions apply to
                    CCA subject
 Admission Criteria for JCs &
       Polytechnics



Polytechnics
   L1R2B2
       Admission criteria to
       Polytechnics: ELR2B2
• EL
  – English
• Relevant Subject 1
  – E Maths/A Maths
• Relevant Subject 2
  – Relevant subjects depend on the type of
    courses applied
• Best Subject 3 & 4
  – Best 2 other subjects excluding CCA
        Bonus Points

• 2 bonus points for students who
  obtain an ‘A’ grade in CCA
• 1 bonus point for students who
  obtain a grade ‘B’ or ‘C’ in CCA
         Guiding Principles
• Ability of Student
  and Interest Are
  Equally Important
  for Academic
  Success
• Work with the end
  in mind
• Every subject has
  its merit
          Subject Clusters

• Science
  Enthusiasts

• All-Rounders

• Humanities
  Enthusiasts/
  Budding
  Entrepreneurs
                 Allocation

• Merit &
  Interest

- End of Year
  Exam Results
- Options
        Science Enthusiasts
•   English
•   MTL
•   Combined Humanities
•   Maths
•   Add Maths
•   Physics
•   Chemistry
•   Biology
                All Rounders
•   English
•   MTL
•   Combined Humanities
•   Maths
•   Add Maths
•   Physics
•   Chemistry
•   Humanities (Geography, History, Literature,
    Econs) or POA
    Humanities Enthusiasts & The
      Budding Entrepreneurs
•   English
•   MTL
•   Combined Humanities
•   Maths
•   Add Maths
•   Science (Phy/Chem)
•   Humanities/ Art/ POA
          Subject Briefing
• Maths
• Additional Maths
• Science            - Phy, Chem & Biology
• Combined
  Humanities
• Other Humanities   - Geog, History, Econs
• Principles of
  Account
• Literature
      GCE Mathematics
       Ordinary Level
        New Syllabus
First Year of Examination 2008
            Mathematics Framework
                                             Monitoring of one’s own
          Beliefs
                                             thinking
          Interest
                                             Self-regulation of
          Appreciation
                                             learning
          Confidence
          Perseverance


                            Mathematical        Reasoning,
Numerical calculation                           communication and
Algebraic manipulation        Problem           connections
Spatial visualisation         Solving           Thinking skills and
Data analysis                                   heuristics
Use of mathematical tools                       Applications and
Estimation                    Concepts          modelling

                             Numerical
                             Algebraic
                             Geometrical
                             Statistical
                             Probabilistic
                             Analytical
The 3 Strands of the New Syllabus


 Numbers and Algebra
 Geometry and Measurement
 Statistics and Probability
New Syllabus, New Approaches

 Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract approach to the
 introduction of algebra
 Less on manual computation, more on
 applications in general
 Less of doing mathematics in ‘isolation’,
 more of seeing mathematics in ‘action’
 (using more contextual problems)
 Less on construction, more on analysis and
 interpretation in statistics
Assessment Objectives:
 Objective 1: Understand and use mathematical
 concepts and skills in a variety of contexts.

 Objective 2: Organise and analyse data and
 information; formulate problems into
 mathematical terms and select and apply
 appropriate techniques of solution, including
 manipulation of algebraic expressions.

 Objective 3: Solve higher order thinking
 problems; interpret mathematical results and
 make inferences; write mathematical
 explanation and arguments.
GCE Mathematics O Level
Scheme of Assessment
Paper Duration           Description          Max
                                                     Weighting
                                              Mark
                 About 25 short questions,
                 testing more on the
                 fundamental skills and
 1      2h       concepts.                     80     50 %
                 Answer ALL questions
                 Calculator allowed
                 About 10 - 11 questions,
                 testing more on the higher
 2     2½h       order thinking skills.       100     50 %
                 Answer ALL questions
                 Calculator allowed
Various Assessment Modes used by
Mathematics Department

 Common Test / Examinations
 Quizzes
 Assignments
 Classroom Participation
 Groupwork / Discussion
 Presentation
 Journal Writing
GCE Additional Mathematics
       Ordinary Level
        New Syllabus
First Year of Examination 2008
Features of Additional Mathematics
 To prepare students for further study by providing
 a strong foundation in mathematics

 Emphasise depth rather than breadth
    Extend learning of Algebra and Geometry
    Emphasise algebraic manipulation and mathematics
    reasoning skills

 Introduction to Calculus

 Assume knowledge of GCE Mathematics Ordinary
 Level

 Coherence and completeness
The 3 Strands of the New Syllabus


 Algebra
 Geometry and Trigonometry
 Calculus
Assessment Objectives:
 Objective 1: Understand and use mathematical
 concepts and skills in a variety of contexts.

 Objective 2: Organise and analyse data and
 information; formulate problems into
 mathematical terms and select and apply
 appropriate techniques of solution, including
 manipulation of algebraic expressions.

 Objective 3: Solve higher order thinking
 problems; interpret mathematical results and
 make inferences; reason and communicate
 mathematically through writing mathematical
 explanation, arguments and proofs.
GCE Additional Mathematics O Level
Scheme of Assessment
                                           Max
Paper Duration         Description                Weighting
                                           Mark
                 About 11 – 13
                 questions, testing more
                 on the fundamental
  1     2h       skills and concepts.       80     44 %
                 Answer all questions
                 Calculator allowed
                 About 9 – 11 questions
  2    2½h       Answer all questions      100     56 %
                 Calculator allowed
Various Assessment Modes used by
Mathematics Department

 Common Test / Examinations
 Quizzes
 Assignments
 Classroom Participation
 Groupwork / Discussion
 Presentation
 Journal Writing
Who will do well for this subject?
Students who possess the following:
  Acute Procedural Skills
  Acute Analytical Thinking
  Acute Reasoning Skills
  Interest in Mathematics
  Perseverance
  Self-discipline to practice, practice and
  practice Mathematical problems
Textbooks:
 Mathematics:
   Math Insights Secondary 3,
   Lim Siew Hoon, Teo Peck Hoon
   Whey Kin Pheng /
   Pearson

 Additional Mathematics:
   Panpac Additional Mathematics,
   Ho Soo Thong, Khor Nyak Hiong /
   Panpac
Website:
 http://www.moe.gov.sg/cpdd/doc/2007%20Sec%2
 0Math%20Syllabuses.pdf
       Pure Physics
      Pure Chemistry
       Pure Biology
Combined Science (Phy/Chem)
Science Curriculum Framework
Assessment:
GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format
(Physics, Chemistry & Biology)
Paper 1 (30%)
  40 MCQ questions
  Duration 1 h
Paper 2: (50%)
  Structured-Essay
  Duration: 1 h 45 min
Paper 3: (20%)
  School Based Practical Assessment
  Duration: 1 h
Assessment:
 GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format
(Physics, Chemistry & Biology)
  •   For Pure Physics and Chemistry: Change in
      weighting of assessment objectives for
      “Knowledge with understanding” from 60%
      to 55% and for “Handling information and
      solving problems” from 40% to 45%.

  •   A compulsory data-based question, which
      involves interpreting, evaluating or solving problems
      using a stem of information, will be introduced in
      Paper 2.
School - Base Practical
Assessment (SPA)
Assessment starts when they are in
Secondary 3
A total of 5 assessments will be
carried out during sec 3 and sec 4
Students are to keep a portfolio of
their practicals as this will be
submitted to SEAB
2007 Subject Combinations
  •Triple science is not a requirement
  for entry into Medicine in NUS.
  •Triple science as a subject
  combination in JC in not available
Assessment:
GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format
Combined Science(Phy, Chem)
Paper 1 (20%)
  MCQ 40 questions (Physics & Chemistry)
  Duration 1 h
Paper 2 (32.5%)
  Structured-Essay (Physics)
  Duration: 1 h 15 min
Paper 3: (32.5%)
  Structured-Essay (Chemistry)
  Duration: 1 h 15 min
Paper 5: (15%)
  Practical Test (Physics & Chemistry)
Assessment:
GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format
Combined Science(Phy, Chem)

Paper 5: (15%)
Practical Test (Physics & Chemistry)
 It is not a school-based practical
 assessment.
Website:
http://www.seab.gov.sg/SEAB/oLevel/syllabusSc
hool.html
 COMBINED HUMANITIES
SOCIAL STUDIES [Exp / NA]
     2190/1 & 2191/1
OBJECTIVES OF SOCIAL STUDIES:


1.   The syllabus is organized around 2 core
     ideas – “Being Rooted” and “ Living Global”.
2.   It aims to develop our students into well-
     informed, responsible citizens with a national
     identity and a global perspective.
3.   Students will develop competence in 3 areas:
     knowledge and understanding, skills and
     processes, values and attitudes.
OVERVIEW OF TOPICS:
Assessment:
GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format
SECTION A:
 Source-Based Question [25m]
  Question 1 (4 part questions: a - d) [Compulsory]

SECTION B:
 Structured-Essay Question [25m]
  Questions 2 – 4 (2 part questions: a & b)
  [Choose 1 out of 3 Qns Set]

Duration: 1 hr 30 min
    Assessment Objectives:
     Objective 1: Knowledge

     Objective 2: Construct Explanation
    Select, organise and apply concepts, terms and facts learnt
    Make judgements, recommendations and decisions

     Objective 3: Interpret and Evaluate Sources / Given
                  Information
    Comprehend and extract relevant information
    Draw references from given information
    Analyze and evaluate evidence
    Compare and contrast different views
    Distinguish between fact, opinion and judgments
    Recognize values and detect bias
    Draw conclusions based on reasoned consideration of evidence
     and argument
SKILLS TAUGHT:
Structured Essay Skills
 Exposition   writing skills
 Constructing   Explanations



Source Based Skills
 Inferringfrom Sources
 Comparing
 Evaluating Usefulness/Utility
 Checking Reliability
 Drawing Conclusion
 Mixed Question Type [Comparison + Reliability]
Assessment modes used by department
 Common Test [ Structured Essay Questions &
 Source Based Case Study]
 Short Quizzes
 Comic / cartoons
 Songs
 Video clips
 Role-play and Skits
 Newspaper Review
 Poster Making
 Debates
 Projects
 fieldtrips
Who will do well for this subject?

Students who possess the following:
  Analytical thinking
  Eye for details
  Read widely
  Ability to write
  Good memory skills
  Conscientious
Comparison Between ‘O’ & ‘N’ Level:

 SAME:         Syllabus Aims, Assessment Objectives,
               Assessment Format

 DIFFERENCE:           Content Reduced for ‘N’ Level
     Facing Challenges & Change
     Managing International Relations: How Conflict in One
      Region can Affect the Rest of the World
1. COMBINED HUMANITIES
(ELECTIVE GEOGRAPHY)


  2. PURE GEOGRAPHY
AIMS OF SYLLABUS
      To develop students in areas of
      Knowledge, Skills and Values
AIMS:
 Acquire KNOWLEDGE of characteristics and distribution of
 physical and human phenomena
 Develop an understanding of processes affecting the
 physical and human relationships
 Provide a holistic understanding of physical-human
 relationship
 Develop SKILLS in acquiring, communicating and applying
 geographical knowledge
 VALUES: Develop an informed concern about the quality of
 the environment and the future of the human habitat, and
 thereby, enhance students’ sense of responsibility for the
 care of the Earth and its people
 Develop awareness of contrasting opportunities and
 constraints which people face in local, regional and global
 environment
GEOGRAPHY SYLLABUS FRAMEWORK
1. ‘Pure’ Geography
  Paper 1:     Students study 4 Physical Geography
               Topics

  Paper 2:     Students study 4 Human Geography
               Topics

  Duration of Each paper: 1hr 30 min [Total: 3 hr]

2. Combined Humanities (Elective Geography)
  Section A:   Students study 2 Physical Geography
               Topics

  Section B:   Students study 2 Human Geography
               Topics

  Duration of Exam: 1hr 30 min
Syllabus Framework
Paper 1: Physical Geography
[Section A: Elect Geo: Only Topics 3 & 4 ]

Topic 1
Plate tectonics & Resulting Landforms
• Plate tectonics
• Phenomena & landforms associated            Topic 2
  with plate movements                        Weather & Climate
• Impact of & adaptation to earthquakes       • Elements of weather
                                              • Types of climate
                                              • Severe weather phenomena


 Topic 3
 Natural Vegetation
 • Types of natural vegetation            Topic 4
 • Adaptation of natural vegetation       Rivers & Coast
   to the environment                     • River processes & related landforms
 • Uses of forest                         • Coastal processes & related landforms
 • Case study of deforestation            • River & coastal management
Syllabus Framework
Paper 2: Human Geography
Section B: Elect Geo: Only Topics 1 & 4

Topic 1
Geography of Food                                 Topic 2
• Trends in food production & distribution        The Industrial World
• Factors affecting intensity of food prodn       • Types of Industries
• Development in food production                  • Industrial Location
                                                  • Changing Industrial Trends
                                                  • A study of a Newly Industrialising
                                                    Economy


 Topic 3
 Tourism                                      Topic 4
 • The Global Tourism Industry                Development
 • Impact of the Growth of Tourism            • Variations in Development in the World
 • Managing the Impact of Tourism             • Reasons for Variations in Development
                                              • Strategies to Alleviate Uneven Developmt
Assessment:
GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format for
Elective Geography
   Paper           No. of Qns        Weighting by
                                       Section
  Section A:         2 Qns set            25%
   Physical        Attempt 1 only
  Geography

  Section B:         2 Qns set            25 %
   Human           Attempt 1 only
  Geography

    Total Marks for Combined Humanities:
Social Studies (50%) + Elective Geography (50%)= 100%
Assessment:
GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format for
‘Pure’ Geography
       Paper        No. of Qns      Weighting
                                    by Paper
          1:          4 Qns set
      Physical      Attempt 2 Qns     50%
     Geography
     [1h 30min]
          2:          4 Qns set
       Human        Attempt 2 Qns     50 %
      Geography
     [1hr 30 min]

                    Total Marks :
        Paper 1 (50%) + Paper 2 (50%)= 100%
Assessment Objectives:
        Objective 1: Knowledge
       Demonstrate relevant factual knowledge – geographical
        facts, concepts, processes, interactions and trends.

        Objective 2: Construct Explanation
       Select, organise and apply concepts, terms and facts
        learnt
       Make judgements, recommendations and decisions

        Objective 3: Interpret and Evaluate
        Geographical data
       Comprehend and extract relevant information from
        geographical data (numerical, diagrammatic, pictorial and
        graphical forms)
       Use and apply geographical knowledge and
        understanding to interpret geographical data
    o      Recognize patterns & deduce relationships
    o      Compare & contrast different views
    o      Draw conclusions on a reasoned consideration of evidence
SKILLS TAUGHT TO INTERPRET:
Geographical Data
Maps           Base maps, sketch maps, topographical
               maps, road maps, Atlases etc
Symbols        Proportional circles

Photographs    Aerial photos, landscape photos, satellite
               images
Graphs         Line graphs, Bar graphs, Others

Others         Texts, Diagrams, Tables, Cartoons

Statistical    Percentages, Ratios, Mean, Mode, Median
calculations
Assessment modes used by department
 Common Test
 Short Quizzes
 Comic / cartoons
 Songs
 Video clips
 Role-play and Skits
 Debates
 Projects
 Fieldtrips
Who will do well for this subject?

Students who possess the following:
  Analytical thinking
  Eye for details
  Read widely
  Ability to write
  Good memory skills
  Conscientious
Summary of Content Differentiation:
Topics                          Geog       GE    GE
                                 ‘O’       ‘O’   ‘N’
Plate Tectonics & Resulting       
Landforms
Weather & Climate                 
Natural Vegetation                        
Rivers & Coast                                 
Geography of Food                              
The Industrial World              
Tourism                           
Development                                    
* Pure Geo not Offered for NA   Pure Geo   Geography
                                            Elective
Comparison Between ‘O’ & ‘N’ Level:

Differences           ‘O’ Level                 ‘N’ Level

No. of Parts in    Maximum 5 parts      Maximum 6 parts
Assessment

No. of marks       Capped at 8 marks Capped at 8 marks
capped for the
level descriptor
Curriculum Time    24 periods / Topic   32 periods / Topic

Nature & Type of                    Different
Question

 SAME: Syllabus Aims, Assessment Objectives, Assessment
                         Format
1. COMBINED HUMANITIES
  (ELECTIVE HISTORY)


   2. PURE HISTORY
AIMS OF SYLLABUS
      To develop students in areas of
       Content, Skills and Values
CONTENT
 Grasp broad fundamental concepts common to all historical
 explanations
 Demonstrate understanding of the history of Southeast Asia
 from c. 1870 to 1967; and
 Understand international affairs and the forces that shaped
 20th Century World history

SKILLS
 Understand History in its setting
 Understand points of view in History
 Process historical information
 Develop critical and creative thinking
VALUES
 Develop an interest in the past and an
 appreciation for history, and of human
 achievements and aspirations
 Understand the significance of the past to their
 own lives, community and society
 Develop an empathy for and sensitivity towards
 different political experiences
 Appreciate that different societies hold different
 beliefs, values and attitudes at different times
 Instill a sense of respect for evidence and
 tolerance of a range of opinions.
HISTORY SYLLABUS FRAMEWORK

1. ‘Pure’ History
  Paper 1: History of Southeast Asia, c. 1870-1967
  Paper 2: 20th Century World History, 1910s-1991

2. Combined Humanities (Elective History)
  Paper 2: 20th Century World History, 1910s-1991
  Elective History is offered to NA students.

Note: Elective History is half of a Pure History Paper
Syllabus Framework
Paper 1: History of Southeast Asia c.1910s-1967
             Theme 1
  Introduction to Southeast Asia

 • What was ‘SEA’ and its attraction                 Theme 2
         to the Europeans?                   Colonial Rule and Impact
                                                   (1870-1900)

                                           • Did colonial rule change SEA?

             Theme 3
        Rise of Nationalism
                                                   Theme 4
   • What was nationalism like in         Struggles for Independence
          SEA by 1945?                    in Postwar SEA (1945-1967)

                                       • Why did the paths to independence
                                           take the form that they did?
Syllabus Framework
Paper 2: 20th Century World History, 1910s-1991
            Theme 1
      Impact of World War 1

      • Did the World War 1                    Theme 2
        change the world?             Hope for a Better World?
                                   • In what ways were the years
                                  between WWI & WW2 a time of
                                         both new hopes and
                                            great troubles?
            Theme 3
     The Breakdown of the
          World Order                      Theme 4
  • Why had international peace   A World Divided and United?
       collapse by 1939?
                                  • How stable was the post WWII
                                                era?
Assessment:
GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format for
Elective History
   Paper         Source-      Structured       Weighting
                Based Qn      Essay Qn         by Paper
20th Century      1 qn set       3 qns set       50%
World History   (compulsory   Attempt 1 only
1910s-1991

Weighting          25 %           25%            50 %



      Total Marks for Combined Humanities:
   Social Studies (50%) + Elective History (50%)= 100%
Assessment:
GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format for
‘Pure’ History
   Paper          Source-       Structured       Weighting
                 Based Qn       Essay Qn         by Paper
1: History of       1 qn set       3 qns set
Southeast        (compulsory)   Attempt 1 only     50%
Asia, c. 1870-        25%            25%
1967

2: 20th             1 qn set       3 qns set
Century World    (compulsory)   Attempt 1 only     50 %
History 1910s-        25%            25%
1991

                     Total Marks :
          Paper 1 (50%) + Paper 2 (50%)= 100%
Assessment Objectives:
    Objective 1: Knowledge

    Objective 2: Construct Explanation
   Select, organise and apply concepts, terms and facts learnt
   Make judgements, recommendations and decisions

    Objective 3: Interpret and Evaluate Sources / Given
                 Information
   Comprehend and extract relevant information
   Draw references from given information
   Analyze and evaluate evidence
   Compare and contrast different views
   Distinguish between fact, opinion and judgments
   Recognize values and detect bias
   Draw conclusions based on reasoned consideration of evidence
    and argument
SKILLS TAUGHT:
Structured Essay Skills
 Exposition   writing skills
 Constructing   Explanations



Source Based Skills
 Inferringfrom Sources
 Comparing
 Evaluating Usefulness/Utility
 Checking Reliability
 Drawing Conclusion
Assessment modes used by department
 Common Test [ Structured Essay
 Questions & Source Based Questions]
 Short Quizzes
 Comic / cartoons
 Songs
 Video clips
 Role-play and Skits
 Debates
 Projects
 Fieldtrips
Who will do well for this subject?

Students who possess the following:
  Analytical thinking
  Eye for details
  Read widely
  Ability to write
  Good memory skills
  Conscientious
ECONOMICS
  2284
     OBJECTIVES OF ECONOMICS:

1.   Develop a knowledge and understanding of
     fundamental economic principles.
2.   Ability to use the tools of economic analysis
     in particular situations.
3.   Participate more fully in decision making
     processes.
4.   Appreciate the economic relationship
     between countries
Why take Economics?

 Econs teaches an important life skill –
 decision making
 Deals with everyday life.
 Many courses also include an econs
 module. E.g. Business, engineering and
 even the new diploma in tourism and resort
 management.
 Students cannot take triple science in JCs.
 They have to include an arts subject in
 their subject combination.
  Assessment Objectives:
1. Demonstrate knowledge and
   understanding of economic principles.
2. Analyzing. Students are able to interpret
   data and deduce relationships from data
   provided.
3. Judgment and decision making.
   Evaluate and draw conclusion from
   economic actions in a logical and concise
   manner.
Overview of Topics

 Basic Economics Problem
 Nature and functions of organizations
 and institutions in an economy
 How the market works
 The individual as producer, consumer
 and borrower
 The private firm as producer and
 employer
Overview of Topics

 Role of government in an economy
 Main economic indicators
 Developed and developing
 economies
 International Economics
Assessment:
GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format
Paper 1
  40 multiple choice questions [1hour]
 Mark Weighting: 30%


Paper 2:
  Structured-Essay Questions [2 hours]
 4 questions to be answered, including one
 compulsory and 3 from a choice of 6.
 Mark Weighting: 70%
SKILLS TAUGHT:
Structured Essay Skills
 Exposition    writing skills
 Constructing     Explanations

Analysis
          from sources
 Inferring
 Organizing and comparing data



Application
 Applying     and relating concepts learnt to real life
 situations.
Assessment modes used by department
 Common Test [ Structured Essay
 Questions]
 Short Quizzes
 Projects
 Group discussion and presentation
 Assignments
Who will do well for this subject?

Students who possess the following:
  Analytical thinking
  Good command of English
  Strong in Geography
  Willingness to put in a lot of effort.
PRINCIPLES OF ACCOUNTS
GCE Ordinary Level (7118)
 OBJECTIVES OF PRINCIPLES OF ACCOUNTS :


1.   The main thrust of the syllabus is on developing basic
     fundamentals of accounting with a good understanding
     of the rationale and underlying principles for preparing
     accounting information.


2.   Students will acquire a sound knowledge of the basic
     double-entry book-keeping method, from which they
     develop the ability to prepare, present and analyse
     financial statements
Assessment:
GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format
PAPER 1:
Duration: 1 hour
  Structured Written Paper consisting of 3 or 4
  Compulsory Questions [40m]

PAPER 2:
Duration: 2 hours
SECTION A:
  3 Compulsory Structured Questions including
  one which will involve the preparation of the
  final accounts of a business [48m]

SECTION B:
  1 Structured Question [12m]
    Assessment Objectives:
     Objective 1: Knowledge with understanding
    Knowledge and understanding of facts, concepts, conventions,
     principles, procedures and techniques appropriate to the syllabus
    Understanding of knowledge through numeracy, literacy,
     presentation and interpretation

     Objective 2: Knowledge with application
    Apply knowledge and information to various accounting
     situations and problems

     Objective 3: Analysis
    Select, analyse and order information in written, numerical and
     tabular form
    Present appropriate information in an accepted accounting form

     Objective 4: Evaluation
    Interpret and evaluate accounting information and to draw
     reasoned conclusions
TOPICS TAUGHT:
GCE ‘O’ Levels
 Double Entry System
  The   Double Entry System of bookkeeping
  Source    Documents
  Books   of Prime Entry
  The   Ledger
  The   Trial Balance

 Accounting Procedures
  Correction   of Errors
  Control   Accounts
  Balance   Day Adjustments
  Accounting     for Fixed Assets
  Information    Technology in Accounting
TOPICS TAUGHT:
GCE ‘O’ Levels/continued
 Preparing Final Accounts
  Sole   Trader
  Partnership

  Club   and Society

 Interpretation of Final Accounts
Assessment modes used by department


 Common Tests [ Structured & Problem
 Solving Questions]
 Short Quizzes
 Role-play and Skits
 Newspaper Review
 Poster Making
 Debates
 Projects
Who will do well for this subject?

Students who possess the following:
  Basic Mathematical Skills
  Analytical thinking
  Organised and systematic
  Positive attitude
  Eye for details
  Conscientious
LITERATURE IN ENGLISH
    Pure Literature
Assessment:
GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format
Paper 1:
   Section 1A: Prose
     Choose 1 out of 7 set texts
   Section 2: Unseen Prose & Poetry
Paper 2:
   Drama
Question Types
1. Passage-based
2. Essay
3. Unseen Prose
4. Unseen Poetry
Assessment:
GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format
Paper 1: Prose & Unseen Texts
Section1A: Prose (Open Selection)
 Seven short prose texts are offered
 For each text, one passage-based
 question & two essay questions will be
 set
 Candidates study one set text and answer
 one question
 For every year of exam, one to two
 Singaporean/ Malaysian texts will be set
Assessment:
GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format
Paper 1: Prose & Unseen Texts
Section 1B: Unseen Prose & Poetry
 (Open Selection)
 Two questions will be set, one on an
 unseen poem & one on an unseen prose
 extract
 Candidates answer one question
 For every year of exam, one question will
 be set on a Singaporean/ Malaysian text
 – either prose or poetry
Assessment:
GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format
Paper 2: Drama Set Texts
 Six drama texts are offered
 For each text, one passage-based
 question and two essay questions will
 be set
 Candidates study one set text and
 answer two questions: one passage-
 based question and one essay
 question
SALIENT FEATURES:
 Built in contrasting genres
  Regular inclusion of
Singaporean/Malaysian writing
  Increased duration for
examinations by 10 mins
Assessment modes used by department
 Drama presentations
 Exposure to range of unseen
 materials
 Group work
 Projects
 Creative writing
 Practical criticisms
LITERATURE IN ENGLISH
   Literature Elective
Assessment:
GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format
Paper 1:
  Section 1A: Prose
     Choose 1 out of 7 set texts
   Section 2: Unseen Prose & Poetry
Question Types
1. Passage-based
2. Essay
3. Unseen Prose
4. Unseen Poetry
Assessment:
GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format
Paper 1: Prose & Unseen Texts
Section1A: Prose (Open Selection)
 Seven short prose texts are offered
 For each text, one passage-based
 question & two essay questions will be
 set
 Candidates study one set text and answer
 one question
 For every year of exam, one to two
 Singaporean/ Malaysian texts will be set
Assessment:
GCE ‘O’ Levels Exam Format
Paper 1: Prose & Unseen Texts
Section 1B: Unseen Prose & Poetry
 (Open Selection)
 Two questions will be set, one on an
 unseen poem & one on an unseen prose
 extract
 Candidates answer one question
 For every year of exam, one question will
 be set on a Singaporean/ Malaysian text
 – either prose or poetry
SALIENT FEATURES:
 Built in contrasting genres
  Regular inclusion of
Singaporean/Malaysian writing
  Increased duration for
examinations by 10 mins
Assessment modes used by department
 Drama presentations
 Exposure to range of unseen
 materials
 Group work
 Projects
 Creative writing
 Practical criticisms

								
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