Biology Plant Unit Test by Wq594U


									Name _________________________________ Date ___________ Per ________ Test/Quiz Date _______
Biology Plant Unit Review Sheet

Ch. 23
1. Define cuticle
2. What types of plants cannot reproduce without a film of water.
3. Define seed.
4. Explain the importance of flowers.
5. List and explain different forms of seeds dispersal.
6. Seeds remain ______________________ until moisture and temperature conditions favor seedling growth.
7. Define phloem.
8. Describe pine’s leaves vs. other conifer’s leaves.
9. Define Gymnosperm.
10. Most of the foods that people eat come directly or indirectly from___________________________________.
11. The most valuable nonfood product obtained from plants is _______________________________________.
12.Wood from trees is still a main source of fuel for more than ________________ % of the world.
13.Give three examples of plants used in modern medicine.
14. The cotton fibers used to make cloth come from the ____________________________ of a cotton plant.
15. Define vascular tissues.
16. Explain which is a diploid and which is a haploid: sporophyte, gametophyte.
17. Define alternation of generations.
18. What is the function of the seed coat?
19. How do the flowers produced by angiosperms help ensure the transfer of gametes?
20. Define xylem.
21. Compare Monocots to Dicots in three ways.
22. What is the primary purpose of the fruit?
23. What are fiddleheads?
24. Approximately 90 percent of all living plants are what group?
25. Give examples of items derived from angiosperms and used by humans in their daily lives.
26. What is a tuber? Example.
27. Soybeans are made of 45% what type of nutritional source?

Name _________________________________ Date ___________ Per ________ Test/Quiz Date _______
Biology Plant Unit Review Sheet

Ch 24

28. Mosses are found in what types of places and environments?

29. Water must be present for fertilization to take place in __________________ and _____________________.

30. Describe the two forms in the life cycle of a fern.

31. Why do ferns need water to reproduce?

32. Describe the size of gametophytes of seed plants.

33. Sexual reproduction in seed plants involves the transfer of what to what?

34. Define ovule.

35. Define monocot.

36. Describe the reproductive structure of gymnosperms.

37. Pollen is produced in what part of flowers?

38. What is the purpose of petals?

39. Asexual reproduction produces new plants that are genetically ____________________ from the parent plant.

40. Define vegetative reproduction.

41. In vegetative reproduction, new plants may be generated from _____________________________________.

42. Define plant propagation.

43. The structures on a moss gametophyte in which spores are produced are known as ________________________.

44. Give 4 facts about moss spores.

45. The diagram below shows the plant life cycle. Label and describe what happens at each step.

Name _________________________________ Date ___________ Per ________ Test/Quiz Date _______
Biology Plant Unit Review Sheet

46. What are fern leaves called?

47. Both mosses and ferns produce __________________________ instead of seeds.

48. What is the main difference between mosses and ferns?

49. In seed plants, female gametophytes produce ___________________________________.

50. A male gametophyte of a seed plant develops into a _______________________________.

51. What is the function of Cotyledons?

52. The partially developed plant found in seeds is known as a(n) ___________________________.

53. A typical seed contains _______________________, ______________________, & ___________________.

54. Define fertilization.

55. Define pollination.

56. Give examples of angiosperms.

57. Give examples of gymnosperms.

58. Label each part and give their functions.

59. Describe the ways plants can be pollinated.

60. What happens in angiosperms, immediately following pollination?

61. What structure allows plants to reproduce asexually?

62. The production of offspring genetically identical to the parent plant is the result of ____________________________.

63. Describe succulents.

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Biology Plant Unit Review Sheet

Ch. 25

64. In monocot stems, the vascular bundles are arranged _________________________________________.

65. Herbaceous plants have ______________________________________________ stems.

66. Contrast a simple leaf vs. a compound leaf.

67. Cactus spines are modified __________________________________.

68. The diagram below shows the stem of a coleus plant. Label and define each.

69. The conducting cells of phloem are called ______________________________________________.

70. Define mesophyll.

71. Define taproot and fibrous root. Examples.

72. The vascular bundles of dicot stems are arranged ___________________________________.

73. Leaves with an undivided blade are called ____________________________________.

74. Define palisade layer.

75. Define cortex.

76. What does bark contain?

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Biology Plant Unit Review Sheet

77. The diagram below shows a leaf cross section. Label and define each.

78. What is the primary function of root hairs?

79. What is the function of the root cap?

80. Leaves : __________________ from the _______________; roots : ________________ from the ___________.

81. Define transpiration.

82. The stomata are responsible for _________________________________________.

83. Define guard cells and explain how they work.

84. Define translocation.

Name _________________________________ Date ___________ Per ________ Test/Quiz Date _______
Biology Plant Unit Review Sheet

Ch. 26

85. The cotyledons of beans are ________________________________the soil after germination.

86. The cotyledons of corn are _______________________________ the soil after germination.

87. Define biennials.

88. Define perennial.

89. Define apical meristems.

90. _____________ ______________ in meristems increases the length and girth of a plant.

91. Wheat is an important _________cot.

92. Wheat is a type of ___________________.

93. How is animal development different from plant development after maturity?

94. ____________________________ is an essential mineral nutrient for plant growth and development.

95. Fertilizers can contain ____________, _____________, _______________, ________________,

_________________, ______________________.

96. What factors affect the rate of plant growth?

97. Explain negative gravitropism.

98. The first sign of germination is the emergence of the embryo’s _______________________________.

99. Define annuals.

100. Define primary and secondary growth.

101. The veins in grasses are __________________________.

102. Wheat flowers lack ______________________________________.

103. Photosynthesis uses what and produces what?

104. What cause tropisms in plants?

105. Define photoperiodism.

Name _________________________________ Date ___________ Per ________ Test/Quiz Date _______
Biology Plant Unit Review Sheet


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