Biology Chapter 15 (Darwin and Evolution) Study Guide What is evolution? What is a theory? How does it apply to evolution? Who was Charles Darwin? Where did he do his studies? How did he get there? When? What observations did he make? What organisms did he observe? What conclusions did he come to? Hutton – who was he? What ideas of his influenced Darwin? Lyell – who was he? What ideas of his influenced Darwin? Lamarck – who was he? What ideas of his influenced Darwin? Malthus – who was he? What ideas of his influenced Darwin? Wallace – who was he? What does he relate to Darwin and evolution? What is artificial selection? What place does artificial selection have in human activities? What are examples of artificial selection? How are the terms struggle for existence, survival of the fittest, fitness and adaptation related? What is the theory of natural selection? How does natural selection influence evolution? How does it work within a population? What is descent with modification? How is it related to common descent? What evidence exists to help contribute to credibility of evolution? Homologous Structures What are homologous structures? What are examples of homologous structures? Vestigial Structures What are vestigial structures? What are examples of vestigial structures? What are the main points of Darwin’s theory of evolution?
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