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Cellular Organelles by zujt6g

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									                                         Cellular Organelles

                               All for One and One for All
                                 Division of Labor at a Cellular Level
           Organelle                          Function                       Analogous with…



            Cellular                Outer most boundary
Membrane                            Allows things to enter and         Body  Skin
    Bilayer of lipids               leave (molecules)                  Factory  Building walls
    Proteins                       Gives structure
Found in all cells



        Cell Wall                   Give the cell structure            Body Fingernails
   Only plants cells               Outer perimeter                    Factory  Fence
   Made of cellulose
    (carbohydrate)

                                        Center for
            Nucleus                                                         Body  Brain
                                         communication
       Membrane                                                            Factory CEO, Boss’
                                        Control all cellular
                                                                             office
       DNA  Chromosomes                activity
       Nucleolus

                                                                            Body Medulla
                                                                             oblongata
          Nucleolus                     Produce ribosomes
                                                                            Factory copy
       Membrane                         (make proteins)
                                                                             machine inside boss’
       RNA                                                                  office


                                        Cellular respiration               Body Small
          Mitochondrion                  (produce energy)                    intestines
       Membrane                                                            Factory  solar cells,
       Christae = folded up     Glucose + Oxygen ATP                       electrical generator
        membrane inside

                                    Found only in autotrophic
           Chloroplasts              cells
                                                                            Body  leaves (plant)
       Cellular membrane           Gather sunlight to carry on
                                                                            Factory  cafeteria
       Stroma                       photosynthesis
       Chlorophyll – green         CO2 + H2O -> Glucose
        pigment
          Organelle                    Function                      Analogous with…
Endoplasmic Reticulum              Passageway for                  Body  blood stream,
   Double membrane layer           chemicals to and from            nervous system
      that is folded up.            the nucleus/                    Factory  conveyor
   Originates at the                                                belt, Internet


       nucleus
Ribosomes                          Make proteins             Body  glands
    Dots                          Translate message that    Factory  Workers that make
    Some are attached to           come from RNA             the products
      ER                           Changes it amino acids
    Others are free-floating       (chains make proteins)



Golgi Body                         Packaging of proteins
    Looks very much like           that are produced by
       ER                           ribosomes.
    Stack of flattened            Inside vesicles
                                   Stuff to leave the cell

       organelles.

								
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